US1588706A - Sound recording and reproducing device - Google Patents

Sound recording and reproducing device Download PDF

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Publication number
US1588706A
US1588706A US602894A US60289422A US1588706A US 1588706 A US1588706 A US 1588706A US 602894 A US602894 A US 602894A US 60289422 A US60289422 A US 60289422A US 1588706 A US1588706 A US 1588706A
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Prior art keywords
tape
magnet
electro
sound
diaphragm
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US602894A
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Cothran Edward Everett
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Cothran Edward Everett
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/008Recording on, or reproducing or erasing from, magnetic tapes, sheets, e.g. cards, or wires
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/28Re-recording, i.e. transcribing information from one optical record carrier on to one or more similar or dissimilar record carriers

Description

June 15 1926. 1,588,706
E. E. COTHRAN SOUND naconmm AND REPRODUCING DEVICE Filed Nov) 1922 :5 Sheets-Sheet 1 June 15,1926. 1,588,706
. E. E. COTHRAN SOUND RECORDING AND REPRODUCING DEY ICE Filed Nov. 23. 1922 s Sheets-Sheet 2 [02% ran AVVEIVTJR,
SOUND RECORDING AND REPRODUCING DEVICE June 15- 1926.
Filed Nov. 25. 1922 s sheets-sheet s mat-.1 June. '15, 1926.
:enwmn nvmm'rr comm, or wmen'r canromwm.
scum; mccoanme am) anrnonucme nnvrcn.
The present invention relates to improvements in sound recording and reproducing devices, and has particular reference to a device adapted to be used in connection with I motion pictures, the particular object of the invention being to provide a device by means of which eeches, songs, or other sounds made by t e actors or otherwise while a motion picture is being produced maybe recorded in synchronism with the taking of the picturesv by the camera. A further object of the invention is to provide means by which the sounds thus recorded may be reproduced while the'picture is projected on the screen in exact synchronism with the picture, so that pictures and sounds represent a faithful reproduction of the original play. A iurther object of the invention is to provide means by which the records obtained during the-production of the motion picture films may be multi lied in unlimited numbers with the same acility as motion icture films are multiplied. Further obects and advantages of the'device will appear as the specification roceeds.- The preferred form 0 my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 represents a partly diagrammatic illustration of m device for recording sounds in synchronism withthe taking of motion pictures in side elevation; Figure 2 a top plan view, partly in section, of the principal operating part of the device shown in-Figure 1; Figure 3 a detail view showing the cooperation of an electro-magnet and a steel tape; Figure 4 a side elevation partly in section of a sound reproducingdevice; Figure 5 a side elevation partly in section of a device for multiplying the records; Figure 6 an illustration of the manner vin which the sounds may be recorded in synchronism with the taking of motion pictures; and Figure 7, a partly diagrammatic illustration of the manner in which the sounds may be reproduced in synchronism with the projection of motion pictures. Whilo'I have shown only the preferred form of the invention it should be understood that various changes or modifications may be made within the scope of the claimshereto attached without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Referring first to the sound recording device illustrated in Figures 1, 2 and 3', it' will be seen that I ,use as part of my recording Application filed Kovember 2a, 1922. Serial no. aoasae.
device a "well. known type of a telephone transmitter (1). The same comprises in its essential parts a diaphragm (2) supported 1n operative proximity to a mouth piece (3) so as to be set into vibratory motion when sounds pass through the opening (4) in the mouth piece. A carbon block (6) secured to a brass block (7 is supported rearwardly I of the diaphragm in operative proximity to the same by means of a sprin (8) which latter connects with the wire (9 Between 7 the diaphragm and the carbon block is provided a platinum contact piece (10-) held by a steel spring (11) which latter connects" with the wire (12). The two wires (9) andv 7 (12) form aclosed circuit including a battery and the primary (14) of an induction coil. v v The secondary (16) of the induction coil forms part of a closed circuit including a battery (17) and an electro-magnet (18). The latter is supported on a transverse member (19) secured between two arms (21) forming. inte a1 parts of two pairs of standards (22 rising in spaced and parallel relation from the base (23). In each pair of standards is mounted a horizontal shaft (24) and the two shafts are operatively connected with one another by means of a belt (26) engaging hard rubber pulleys mounted on the respective shafts. Rotary mot-ion is imparted to one of the shafts by any suitable means as by a motor engaging the pulley (27 Two reels (28) and (29) are fixed to thetwo shafts (24) so as to rotate with the same; and a tape (31) preferably made of hard, thin steel highly retentive of magnetism, is secured with its ends to the two reels and adapted to be wound from one reel onto theother when the' shafts (24) are rotated. The ends of the tape are preferably fastened to the reels by means of springs (32) extending through slots (33) in the tape, and, the tape is provided with marginal ridges (34) for purposes described hereinafter. The various members supporting the electromagnet (18) and the steel tape (31) are positioned and dimensioned in such. a manner that the steel tape passes in close proximity to the pole:pieces (36) and- (37) of the electro-magnet, with the latter dis-- posed. transv'erselyto the tape so that the latter passes through the field of the elect/r0 magnet. To regulate'the exact-position of the operative portion of the tape (31) relative to the electro-magnet, I provide rollers I in position (38) on opposite sides of the electro-magnet by means of which the tape is gulded 'the rollers being adjustably supported on posts (39) slidabl engaging sockets (41) and held lzy means of set screws (42). The device thus far descri works as follows: The diaphragm of the telephone transmitter is 'set into vibratory motion b the sounds and the vibrating diaphragm a iects the resistance of a carbon platinum co'n-' tact in a manner well known in the art soas to cause a pulsating current to flow in the windings of the primary 14) A current of the same characteristics is induced 1n the tion from injuring the records.
' electro-magnetic To reproduce the sounds thus recorded hlly on the tape a device of similar construction may be used as shown in Figure 4 with the only difference that the process is reversed and a telephone receiver (43) is substituted for the transmitter (1). The latter may be of any suitable type and is shown in the drawing as comprising a diaphragm (44) mounted in a frame (46) in operative roximity to the ear piece (47) with an. e ebtro-magnet (48) mounted behind the'diaphragm, and electrically connectedby means'of wires (49) and (51) to the electro-magnet (52) of the sound reproduc ing device. The latter is supportedover the tape (31), which in this case represents the magnetized record in the same manner as shown in Figure 1. The steel tape passing the pole pieces of the electro-magnet(52) induces a variable current in its windings, the impulses of the current corresponding to the impulses in which the record tape (31) .was originally magnetized. The current passes through the windings of the electromagnet (48) and causes the diaphragm (44) 'to vibrate in synchronism with the electric impulses so that the diaphragm (44) vibrates inexactly the same manner as the diaphragm (2) set into vibratory motion by the original sound waves.
To make my method of recording and reproducing sounds in synchronism with the taking and projection of motion pictures practicable, it is necessary to A rovide means for multig lying the record. uch means is shown in ducing device of Figure 4 is shown as mounted in operative proximity with a lgure 5 in which the sound repro-' sound recording device. The two devices I are driven in synchronism by means of a single motor (53) through the belts (54) an (56). The magnetized record (31) to characteristics as the steel tape previously f described but unmagnetized. This record ing device may be constructed in substantially the same manner as the recording device shown in Figure 1, but for the purpose of amplifying the strength of the magnetic impulses impressed upon the tape (58) I prefer to construct the device somewhat differently. A yoke (59) is rigidly supported on the two arms (21), of the frame and has a diaphragm (61) supported between the free ends of its arms (62) in operative proximity to the pole pieces (63) of the electromagnet (64) which latter is rigidly secured to the base of the yoke (59). The ,diaphragm (61) supports on its central portion a permanent magnet (62 and the tape 58) is guided past its pole ieces (63) in the manner previously descri The operation of the record multiplying device should be readily understood from the foregoing description. A pulsating current is induced in the electro-magnet (52) of the sound reproducing device by the passing of the magnetized tape underneath its pole pieces and the diaphragm of the receiver (43) vibrates correspondingly. The vibrations of this diaphragm are transmitted to the diaphra of the transmitter (57 and are change into electric impulses in the windings of the electro-magnet disposed in the transmitter and the primary (14) of the induction coil. 'Impulses of the same "character are induced in the secondary (16) of the induction coil and pass through the windings of the electro-magnet (64) causing the diaphragm (61) to vibrate in the same manner as the diaphragm of a receiver. The permanent magnet (62) attached to the center of the diaphragm partakes of its vibra-.
tions whereby the distance between the pole pieces (63) of the permanent magnet and the tape (58) is changed continuously in .a mannercorresponding to the change in the current in the windings of the electro-magnet 64). The magnetic impulsesreceived by the tape 58) in passing the pole pieces vary I according the distance of the tape from the pole pleces and an invisible record of magnetlc character is imprinted upon the be manipulated by means of a handle (67) The stage is represented by the vertical line (68) and the'range of the camera by the broken line (69). The recording device may be disposed at any suitable distance from the stage and from the camera, and is in which sounds are to be recorded. If there are any scenes in which there are no preferably actuated by means of. a motor (71). The telephonetransmitter (l) is supported at any suitable place without the range of the camera so as not to interfere with the taking of the pictures and is-preferably provided with an amplifying born (72) openin on the stage. The two devices are operate simultaneously during scenes speechesor songs or the like the sound recording device may remain inactive. I
The arrangement shown in Figure 7 illustrates the method for using my sound reproducing device in connection with a motion picture projecting machine (73), the screen bein represented by the vertical member (74% in the drawing. The sound reproducing device and the projector (73) are preferably driven in synchronism by one motor (76) through the belts 77) and (78). The receiver (43) prefera ly-provided with an amplifying horn (44) may be placed underneath the screen (7 4) or in any other suitable position where it does not interfere with the proper projection of the motion pictures.
To transport the magnetic records it would be advisab eto enclose the same in iron boxes so as to shield them from magnetic influences. v l
I claim:
- 1.- Means for producing a magnetic sound record to synchronize with the action portrayed upon a film of motion pictures comprising an electro-manet, two standards and a bridging member tween the same supportlng the said ma et with the pole pieces ointing downwar two reels supported in thestandardsin operative proximity to the electro-magnet having a steel tape wound thereon, means for rotating said reels whereby the tape is fed from one reel to the other, guide means engaging the steel tape on 0Pg$lt6 sides of the electro-magnet for gu1 g the. tape past the pole pieces transversely to the field of the electromagnet, and means for energizing the electro-magnet' in accordance with sound vibrations.
'2. Means for multiplying magnetic sound records comprising a steel tape magnetized in impulses corresponding to sound vibrations, an electromagnet, a telephone receiver operatively connected therewith, two reels for winding and unwinding said tape, means for guiding the tape transversely past the poles of the electromagnet, a second unmagnetized steel tape, a second electromagnet, a telephone transmitter sociated with the latter, a short, hollow tube connecting the diaphragms of t e receiver and the transmitter, a diaphra' stretched across the field of the second electromagnet having, a permanent magnet suspended. therefrom, two reels for winding and unwinding said second steel tape transverse-- inductively as- I ly past the poles of the permanent magnet,
and an electric motor for drivingvthe reels and tapes in synchronous motion, substantially as described;
3. A sound ecording device comprising an electro-mag t, two" standards, and a bridging member between the same support-' ing the said magnet with the pole pieces pointing downwardly, two reels supported in the standards in operative proximity to the electro-ma-gnet having a steel tape wound thereon, means for rotating said reels whereby the tape isfed from one reel to the other, guide means engaging the steel tape on oping the tape past the pole pieces transversely to the field of the electro-magnet, and means for energizing the electro-magnet in accordance with sound vibrations.
4. A sound recording device comprising an electro-magnet, two standards and a brldging member between the same supporting the said magnet with the pole pieces pointing downwardly, two reels supported in the standards in operative proximity to'the electro-magnet having a steel tape wound thereon, means .for rotating said reels whereby the tape is fed from one reel to the other,
guide means engaging the steel tape on opposite sides of the electro-magnet for guidmg the tape past the pole pieces transversely to the field of the electro-magnet, and means for energizing the electro-magnet in accordance with sound vibrations,,the guide means bein vertically. adjustable for controlling I the 'stance between the tape and the pole pieces.
5. A magnetic record'of the character described comprising a steel tape having marginal ridges thereon.
EDWARD EVERETT COTHBAN.
posite ,sides of the electro-magnet for guid--
US602894A 1922-11-23 1922-11-23 Sound recording and reproducing device Expired - Lifetime US1588706A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2512015A (en) * 1943-10-01 1950-06-20 James M Sixsmith Device for producing sound effects
US2538893A (en) * 1947-03-25 1951-01-23 Brush Dev Co Apparatus for demagnetizing a magnetic recording-reproducing head
US2698930A (en) * 1949-03-31 1955-01-04 Remington Rand Inc Magnetic displacement recorder
US2747027A (en) * 1948-11-05 1956-05-22 Armour Res Found Recording apparatus and method for making duplicate magnetic records
US3308451A (en) * 1963-12-19 1967-03-07 Ibm Web record members

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2512015A (en) * 1943-10-01 1950-06-20 James M Sixsmith Device for producing sound effects
US2538893A (en) * 1947-03-25 1951-01-23 Brush Dev Co Apparatus for demagnetizing a magnetic recording-reproducing head
US2747027A (en) * 1948-11-05 1956-05-22 Armour Res Found Recording apparatus and method for making duplicate magnetic records
US2698930A (en) * 1949-03-31 1955-01-04 Remington Rand Inc Magnetic displacement recorder
US3308451A (en) * 1963-12-19 1967-03-07 Ibm Web record members
DE1280932B (en) * 1963-12-19 1968-10-24 Ibm Magnetic recording medium

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