US2110092A - Commercial phonograph - Google Patents

Commercial phonograph Download PDF

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Publication number
US2110092A
US2110092A US9065436A US2110092A US 2110092 A US2110092 A US 2110092A US 9065436 A US9065436 A US 9065436A US 2110092 A US2110092 A US 2110092A
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Prior art keywords
magnet
pole
armature
pieces
magnetic
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Expired - Lifetime
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Leland D Norton
Victor L Frykman
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Dictaphone Corp
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Dictaphone Corp
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Priority to US43576A priority Critical patent/US2152440A/en
Application filed by Dictaphone Corp filed Critical Dictaphone Corp
Priority to US9065436 priority patent/US2110092A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R11/00Transducers of moving-armature or moving-core type
    • H04R11/08Gramophone pick-ups using a stylus; Recorders using a stylus

Description

March 1, 1938. L. D. NORTON ET AL 2,110,092
COMMERCIAL PHONOGRAPH Original Filed Oct. 4, 1935 2 SheetsSheet l irmzm Leland VicforL E ATTORNEYS March 1933- L. D. NORTON ET AL 2 COMMERCIAL PHONOGRAPH Original Filed 001;. 4, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I I 41 0 v I 62 r '99 .77 74 17 9a) m-fl 5 q Wm v INVENTORS Leland D. Narzon Vict rLFr k a ATTORNEYS Patented Mar. 1, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE COMMERCIAL PHONOGRAPH ration of New York Original application October 4, 1935, Serial No. 43,576. Divided and this application July 15,
. 1936, Serial No. 90,654
3 Claims.
This invention relates to commercial phonographs, and more particularly to such machines of the transcribing type. 1
An object of the invention is to provide a machine of the character described adapted through the utilization of electro-magnetic means efliciently to reproduce a sound record. A further object is to provide a sound translation device of the electro-magnetic type characterized by simplicity of construction and unusual sensitivity and faithfulness of reproduction over a wide range of audible frequencies. Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter. 1
This application is a division of application Serial No. 43,576, filed October 4, 1935.
In the drawings, which illustrate one embodiment of the invention,
Fig. 1 is a side elevation partly in section, showing the reproducer supported by its carriage, feeding means for the carriage, and means for controlling the reproducer and feeding means;
Fig. 2 is a horizontal section through the translation unit and housing taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a vertical section through a portion of the translation unitand housing taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a cross-section taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a cross-section taken on line 5-5 of F g. 3;
Fig. 6 is aperspective view of the translation unit removed from its housing; and
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the magnet and its clamping member.
The phonographicmachine shown in the accompanying drawings for the purpose of illustrating the invention is a transcribing machine having a carriage l0, mounted upon guide rods Band II, and comprising a head l2 adapted to support a reproducer or pick-up unit l3, for reproducing sound recorded upon a record cylinder l4, mounted in a well known manner upon a rotatable mandrel or record support l5. Carriage, guide rods, mandrel, and driving mechanism (not shown) are all suitably mounted upon a frame l6, also of well known construction.
The reproducer unit comprises an electro-magnetic translation device, best shown in Fig. 5 and indicated generally by the reference character [7, supported within ahousing 18, and an adjustable counterweight l9, supported within a forward extension 20 of said housing.
The translation unit ll referred toabove is adapted to be completely assembled independently of its housing and, after assembly, to be received within the rear portion I8 of the housing where it is supported and held lmmovably in place by means of the bottom cover 47, without the use of bolts or screws other than those employed to hold the cover in place.
Referring to Figs. 2 to '7, inclusive, the translation unit ll will be seen to consist of a number of parts all supported upon or within a single frame clamping member 10, best seen in Figs. 5 and 7. Member 10 is formed with an upper plate-like portion H against which the permanent horse-shoe magnet 12 is clamped. This magnet has a relatively long leg 13 and a shorter leg 14.
At the rear end of the clamping member 10 are a pair of downwardly extending lugs 15 and 16, which are relatively offset a distance equal to the difference in the lengths of the magnet legs l3, 14. These lugs are adapted to support substantially S-shaped pole-pieces H and 18 in proper relation to the respective magnet legs. The upper part of pole-piece 11 may be brought into contact with the exterior surface of lug l5 and held firmly thereagainst by means of a machine screw 19. Pole-piece 18 is similarly attached to lug 16. At their lower ends, these pole-pieces, due to their offset mounting, overlap their respective pole-tips 80 and 8| extending one beyond the other and crossing the longitudinal center line of the magnet. Each pole-piece supports a coil 82, which coils are connected so that their effect is additive. The said coils fit tightly about the pole pieces, which are laminated, and help to hold the laminations close together.
Extending downwardly from the plate-like top member H of the clamp 10 is a portion 83 of a width adapting it to pass between the legs of the magnet. This portion 83 extends a predetermined distance beneath the magnet and then the clamp l! is turned rearwardly toward the lugs 15, 16, but this portion of the clamp, indicated by the reference numeral 84, does not extend as far as the lugs 15, 16. At the forward end of this portion the clamp member is bent or formed with a pair of upwardly extending arms 85, which, at their upper ends, are bent outwardly to provide clamping elements 86 underlying the legs of the magnet 14, and between which and the plate H the magnet is firmly clamped by means of countersunk-headed machine screws 81.
From the description so far, it will be seen that the coils may first be assembled upon their respective pole-pieces, the pole-pieces then fastened to the lugs 15, 16 of the clamping member, and then magnet 12 may be positioned in between the clamping elements of the clamping member until the ends of the legs of the magnet come into close contact with the pole-pieces. When properly positioned, the clamp screws 81 may be set up tightly to hold the magnet in fixed relation to the clamping member.
The armature of the translation unit consistsv of a small rectangular fiat plate 88, best seen in Figs. 3 and 6. This plate in the neutral position of the parts extends a short distance into the gap formed between the overlapping pole-tips 80, 8|. It is composed, of course,'of magnetic material as are the said pole-tips, and is supported upon an exceedingly light aluminum vibratory member 89, which comprises, upon each side of the longitudinal center line of the magnet, a pair of spaced lightly constructed arms 90 and 9|. The arms 90, 9| at their rear ends are joined together and the arms 90, 9| upon one side of the axis of the magnet are further joined to the arms 90, 9| upon the other side of the axis of the magnet so that the structure of the armature support is substantially av U-shaped member, both arms of which consist of thin spaced elements. At their forward ends, these spaced elements are not united, but are held between the inner surface of the portion 84 of the clamping member and a fibre'plate 92.v A second fibre plate 93 lies between the two pairs of horizontally disposed members 9!], 9|. A countersunk-headed screw 94 serves to unite these parts and hold them in rigid adjustment. By loosening the screw 94, the armature support may be moved relatively to the clamping member so as to center the armature in proper relation to the pole-tips, after which the screw 94 may be tightened to hold the ad- J'ustment.
Rearwardly of the armature plate 88, the aluminum supporting member 89 is provided with a downwardly extending stylus 2| designed to follow the sound track of the record, and, since! this translation device is intended for use with hill-and-dale cylindrical records, the stylus will be moved up and down as it follows the track, causing the armature 88 to deviate from its neutral position and enter farther between the poletips or be withdrawn somewhat from the neutral position therebetween as the case may be. By changing the reluctance of the air gap between the pole-tips as it moves up and down between them, the armature effects changes in the reluctance of the whole magnetic circuit, and thus induces in the coils 82 currents corresponding in frequency and amplitude to the characteristics, of the sound track. As said before, the armature affected coils are connected so that the current induced therein is additive and so that the combined current from the two coils pulsates through I the connections 95, 96, which connect said coils with any suitable instrument adapted to translate' the electrical impulses into sound waves, and any suitable amplifier may be interposed between the translation device I! and such other translation device. These connections 95, 96 are shown in Fig. 2 as passing through insulators 911 mounted in the portion 83 of the clamping device 70 and then forwardly through partition member 39.
When the parts thus far described have -been assembled in a complete unit, small pieces of rubher or othersuitab le cushioning material as 98 may be secured to the upper'surface of the magnet 12 andthen the whole unit may be fitted into the upper part of its housing, after which a pair of rubber or other cushioning members 99, of a size and shape adapted to fit between the portions 85, 86 of the clamping member and the side walls 45, 46 of the housing are slipped into position. The bottom cover may now be put on the housing and made fast by means of the screws 4!, 4B. This cover engages the cushioning members 99 and thus the translation unit is more or less resiliently held within its housing. A sheet of rubber or similar cushioning or damping material, as l00, extends over the magnet between it and the top housing and down inside the side walls of the housing (see Fig. 4) forming a lining for those portions of the housing against which the unit rests in addition to its points of contact with the members 98.
, While the present construction and relation of armature, armature support, and pole-pieces is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be understood that the shape of the armature. and the disposition of the pole-pieces may be varied somewhat without departing from the principles of the inventions One of the features of prime importance is the employement in a magnetic type of reproducer of a small magnetic armature mounted to vibrate with a very light non-magnetic support. Thus the inertia of the moving parts ,is reduced to a very low value so that when used upon wax, records of the usual type used in commercial 'phonographs, the movement of the vibratory parts may accurately follow the undulations'of the sound groove over a very wide, range of frequencies, and be capable of transmitting accurately the higher frequencies of speech, even up to and above frequencies of six thousandcycles. If the mass of this moving portion of the translation device were high, the stylus would not follow the variations of the sound track rapidly enough, particularly in respect to the higher frequencies, and would tend to scrape off the higher portions of wax in the sound track, thus ruining the recording for further reproduction and, at the same time, producing distortion. After many tests it has been found that optimum results are attained when the weight of the vibratory member, including the .armature and its support, is less than one-half gram. The lead weight I9 used to counterbalance the reproducer. unit is, as said above, movable within limits. It has been found best, in relation to such a light armature and support, to adjust the weight on the point of the stylus to a value somewhat below twentyfivegrams. Wear, frequency characteristics and the mechanical operating characteristics of the reproducer are all affected by the weight upon. the point of the stylus.
It should be noted also that the-ratio of the weight of the armature parts and the: weight of the reproducer as a whole must, for best results, fall within certain predetermined limits. For, if the weight of the armature and its support is high and its support is stiff, there is a tendency .to raise the reproducer as a whole with every undulation of the wax. 'Bya proper determination of the weight and the natural period of vibration of the armature and itssupport, and the weight and natural period of vibration of the reproducer unit as a whole, the quality of reproduction may be brought to a very high degree of perfection so that little distortion will take place even at the higher speech frequencies, and the operation of thereproducer in relation to the wax record be so free from inertia effects as not to cause appreciable damage to the undulations of the record track.
As many possible embodiments of the present invention may be made without departing from the scope thereof, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
We claim:
1. In a translation device for phonographs, in combination, a horse-shoe magnet having polepieces offset relatively to the plane common to the longitudinal axes of the two legs of the magnet to provide a laterally displaced air-gap, an armature comprising a magnetic member extending into said air-gap a predetermined distance, and non-magnetic means extending laterally beyond the legs of the magnet for supporting said armature for vibratory movement in said displaced air gap.
2. In a translation device for phonographs, in combination, a U-shaped magnet having legs of unequal length, a pair of pole-pieces adapted to overlap beyond the ends of said magnet to define an air-gap, a magnetic armature carried by a non-magnetic vibratory support, and a non-magnetic member adapted to grip opposite sides of both legs of said magnet and comprising means supporting said pole-pieces in operative relation to the ends of the respective legs, and other means for supporting said armiature support in operative relation to said pole-pieces.
3. In a translation device for phonographs, in combination, a U-shaped' magnet having legs of unequal length, a pair of pole-pieces adapted to overlap beyond the ends of said magnet to define an air-gap, a magnetic armature carried by a non-magnetic vibratory support, a non-magnetic member adapted to grip opposite sides of both legs of said magnet and comprising means supporting said pole-pieces in operative relation to the ends of the respective legs and other means for supporting said armature support in operative relation to said pole-pieces, and armature actuating coils mounted. on said pole-pieces.
LELAND D. NORTON. VICTOR L. FRYKNIAN.
I CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION; Patent No. 2,110,092. -March 1, 19
LELAND D. NORTON, ET AL.
It ishereby certifiedthat error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows; Page 1, first column, line 50, for "Fig. 5 read Fig. 6; and second column, line ll,for "Figs. 5'? read Figs. 6; andthat the said Letters Patent should be read with these corrections therein that'the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 26th day of April, 'A. D. l958.
Henry Van Arsdale, 1 Acting Commissioner of Patents.
US9065436 1935-10-04 1936-07-15 Commercial phonograph Expired - Lifetime US2110092A (en)

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US43576A US2152440A (en) 1935-10-04 1935-10-04 Commercial phonograph
US9065436 US2110092A (en) 1935-10-04 1936-07-15 Commercial phonograph

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2456388A (en) * 1946-04-03 1948-12-14 Lionel B Cornwell Magnetic sound translating head
US2485432A (en) * 1945-11-28 1949-10-18 Lionel B Cornwell Magnetic phonograph pickup
US2511663A (en) * 1945-12-29 1950-06-13 Gen Electric Magnetic phonograph pickup
US2554208A (en) * 1945-12-29 1951-05-22 Gen Electric Phonograph pickup having a cantilever indexing arm

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2485432A (en) * 1945-11-28 1949-10-18 Lionel B Cornwell Magnetic phonograph pickup
US2511663A (en) * 1945-12-29 1950-06-13 Gen Electric Magnetic phonograph pickup
US2554208A (en) * 1945-12-29 1951-05-22 Gen Electric Phonograph pickup having a cantilever indexing arm
US2456388A (en) * 1946-04-03 1948-12-14 Lionel B Cornwell Magnetic sound translating head

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