US1558267A - Socket wrench - Google Patents

Socket wrench Download PDF

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Publication number
US1558267A
US1558267A US701643A US70164324A US1558267A US 1558267 A US1558267 A US 1558267A US 701643 A US701643 A US 701643A US 70164324 A US70164324 A US 70164324A US 1558267 A US1558267 A US 1558267A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
nut
wrench
socket
shank
detent
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US701643A
Inventor
John J Mcguckin
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LOUIS SCHWAB DOING BUSINESS AS
Louis Schwab Doing Business As Stevens & Co
Original Assignee
LOUIS SCHWAB DOING BUSINESS AS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by LOUIS SCHWAB DOING BUSINESS AS filed Critical LOUIS SCHWAB DOING BUSINESS AS
Priority to US701643A priority Critical patent/US1558267A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1558267A publication Critical patent/US1558267A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B23/00Details of, or accessories for, spanners, wrenches, screwdrivers
    • B25B23/02Arrangements for handling screws or nuts
    • B25B23/08Arrangements for handling screws or nuts for holding or positioning screw or nut prior to or during its rotation
    • B25B23/10Arrangements for handling screws or nuts for holding or positioning screw or nut prior to or during its rotation using mechanical gripping means
    • B25B23/105Arrangements for handling screws or nuts for holding or positioning screw or nut prior to or during its rotation using mechanical gripping means the gripping device being an integral part of the driving bit
    • B25B23/108Arrangements for handling screws or nuts for holding or positioning screw or nut prior to or during its rotation using mechanical gripping means the gripping device being an integral part of the driving bit the driving bit being a Philips type bit, an Allen type bit or a socket
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10T279/17Socket type
    • Y10T279/17761Side detent
    • Y10T279/17786Spring

Description

J. J. M GUCKIN Oct. 20, 1925- SOGKET WRENCH Filed March 25, 1924 Ala 4n HIM/mu Patented Oct. 20, 1925. I

UNITED STATES A 1,558,267. PATENT OFFICE.

JOHN J. MGGUCKIN, O'F BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO LOUIS SCHWAB, DO-

ING BUSINESS AS STEVENS 8c COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

socxn'r wanncn'.

Application filed Itarch 25, 1924. Serial No. 701,648.

To all whom it may concern:

Be-it known that I. JOHN J. McGUcKTN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Socket Wrenches, of which the following isa specification.

My invention relates to socket wrenches and has for its principal object the provision of simple and eflicient means for detachably retaining a nut inthe socket of the wrench, the retaining means being preferably detachable so that they may be applied to either of a series of wrenches, as desired.

-In the drawing Fig. 1 is an elevation partly in section of a wrench embodying my improvements; Fig. 2 is an elevation taken as looking to the left on F 1g. 1; Fig. 3 is a bottom view; Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1 looking down; Fig. 5 is a similar view taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 1 looking down; Fig. 6 is an elevation, partly in section, of a modification; and Fig. 7 is a view of the same taken as looking to the left on Fig. 6.

In all the figures similar parts are designated by similar reference numerals.

The wrench may be of a conventional type provided with a suitable handle 1, carrying a shank 2, which has on its end a suitable socket element 3 adapted to receive a nut.

A detent element 6 is preferably formed of resilient sheet metal, and is provided with two wings 77 which are adapted to be sprung around the shank 2, so as to hold the detent elements 6 in position thereupon, the form of the wings being such that the lower end of the detent is normally pressed in toward the socket of the wrench. This lower end is provided with a terminal portion 8 which passes through a small hole in the side of the socket element 3, and projects slightly into the nut receiving socket. The inner end of this terminal is preferably bevelled as at 9, so that it will spring out when it engages the side of a nut when it is received into the socket. The

other end 10 of the detent element is bent out somewhat from the shank, with the result that the detent element may be rocked on the shank, and thereby swing the end 8 outward from the socket. This rocking of the detent is permitted by the elasticity of are su the Wings 7-7, which will spring slightly apart as the detent element is rocked and the normal channel between the wings is brought at a slight angle to the shank 2. But the rocking will not proceed sufiiciently far to spring the wings off of the shank and thereby separate the detent from the shank.

And when the end 10 is released from pressure, the detent will re-assume its normal position with its terminal 9 projecting within the socket.

However, the detent quite oil of the shank 2, and detached entirely from the wrench; and it may then be placed upon another similar wrench, adapted to receive a nut of a different size, so ion as the shanks of the two wrenches stantially of the same diameter and the second wrench is also provided with a lateral opening into its socket to accommodate the terminal 9 of the detent 6. Thus a single detent element may be transferred from one to another of and used with any of a set of similar wrenches; thereby avoiding the expense of duplicating it with each wrench, and also the inconvenience which might be caused in housing such a set of wrenches by the presence of such an attachment on the shank of each of the set.

In practice the wrench is applied to a nut by pushing the nut into the socket, point 9 springing out slightly, but still bearing against the side of the nut with sufiicient force to prevent the nut from dropping out of its own weight, and not hard enough to interfere with the wrench being withdrawn from the nut when the nuthas been screwed home on the shank. Conversely, if the wrench is applied to a nut already in position on a shank, the detent will hold the nut in place in the socket after it has been backed off from its shank, so that it will not pull out of the wrench and be dropped or It will be understood that the particular form of embodiment of my improvements is to be considered as illustrative andnot as exclusive. For itis obvious that details of construction may be varied, as by the use of mechanical equivalents without departing from the spirit of my invention as claimed.

'In Figs. 6 and 7 I have shown a modification in which two nut retaining ends 11, 11, of the detent are turned in below the 6 may be sprung lot I socket so as to press against the edges of the nut, or to pass below it if the nut is sufficiently thin. By pressing the free end 10 of the attachment in towardthe shank, the attachment may be rocked so as to swing the detent ends to one side away from the nut and. to thereby release it. The same movement ma be employed in placing the wrench over t e nut. This form of the attachment may also be sprung oil of and onto the tool shank. And it has the advanta e of not requiring the drilling of a ho le through the side of the wrench socket.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is 1. The combination, with a socket wrench,

of a lateral detent element provided with' a nutgen aging rtion .and with resilient, readil rocka 10 .on the shank to optionally move etachab e, shank gripping means .the nut engaging portion into or out of the socket.

2. The combination, with a socket wrench, of a lateral detent element provided with a nut engaging portion, resilient, readily detachable, shank gripping means and also provided with a rocking member, whereby the detent element may be rocked as a whole upon the shank to move its nut engaging portion into or out of the socket.

3. The combination, with a socket wrench, of a lateral detent element embodying a shank having a deflected, bevelled nut-engaging end; into ral, resilient wings constituting wrench-s ank engaging means normally holding the nut en aging encl'in operative position, and a free end deflected from the wrench-shank and afiording means for withdrawing said nut engaging end from operative position.

JOHN J. MoGUCKIN.

US701643A 1924-03-25 1924-03-25 Socket wrench Expired - Lifetime US1558267A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US701643A US1558267A (en) 1924-03-25 1924-03-25 Socket wrench

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US701643A US1558267A (en) 1924-03-25 1924-03-25 Socket wrench

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1558267A true US1558267A (en) 1925-10-20

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Family Applications (1)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2566673A (en) * 1950-06-20 1951-09-04 Nygaard Christ Combination screw driver and wrench with screw head and nut gripping means
US2628523A (en) * 1950-12-27 1953-02-17 Allen L Williams Wrench provided with a cotter pin hole locator
US2745304A (en) * 1954-05-03 1956-05-15 Vlier Engineering Inc Spring clip wrench attachment for holding a screw
US2753747A (en) * 1954-05-11 1956-07-10 Spring Load Mfg Corp Socket wrench having screw or nut-holding means
US2770157A (en) * 1954-05-24 1956-11-13 Samuel A Moreo Magazine socket wrenches
US3024031A (en) * 1959-09-04 1962-03-06 Alvin E Davidson Tool handle adapter socket
US3485118A (en) * 1968-04-01 1969-12-23 John C Maughan Jr Combination wrench and expansion stopper for pipelines
US3730237A (en) * 1971-07-23 1973-05-01 W Hanzlik Screw-supporting attachment for the shank of a screw driver tool
US4570513A (en) * 1984-02-01 1986-02-18 Thompson Martin L Wrench with nut-retaining mechanism
US4602532A (en) * 1983-09-03 1986-07-29 Unger Henry M Apparatus for applying and releasing wood screws, provided with suspension hooks, and also magnetic holders, to and from comparatively high structural parts
US4777853A (en) * 1986-08-28 1988-10-18 Bauer Arlen E Bolt starter for starting bolts and the like through unaligned holes
US20040163500A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-08-26 Walsh Leonard Michael Socket with fastener holder
US20060236822A1 (en) * 2005-04-26 2006-10-26 Nish Jeffery L Threaded member driver with retention system
US9416810B2 (en) 2014-07-11 2016-08-16 Rtodds Engineering, Llc Elastomeric retaining devices for joining elements
CN106392971A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-02-15 昆山龙腾光电有限公司 Hex wrench

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2566673A (en) * 1950-06-20 1951-09-04 Nygaard Christ Combination screw driver and wrench with screw head and nut gripping means
US2628523A (en) * 1950-12-27 1953-02-17 Allen L Williams Wrench provided with a cotter pin hole locator
US2745304A (en) * 1954-05-03 1956-05-15 Vlier Engineering Inc Spring clip wrench attachment for holding a screw
US2753747A (en) * 1954-05-11 1956-07-10 Spring Load Mfg Corp Socket wrench having screw or nut-holding means
US2770157A (en) * 1954-05-24 1956-11-13 Samuel A Moreo Magazine socket wrenches
US3024031A (en) * 1959-09-04 1962-03-06 Alvin E Davidson Tool handle adapter socket
US3485118A (en) * 1968-04-01 1969-12-23 John C Maughan Jr Combination wrench and expansion stopper for pipelines
US3730237A (en) * 1971-07-23 1973-05-01 W Hanzlik Screw-supporting attachment for the shank of a screw driver tool
US4602532A (en) * 1983-09-03 1986-07-29 Unger Henry M Apparatus for applying and releasing wood screws, provided with suspension hooks, and also magnetic holders, to and from comparatively high structural parts
US4570513A (en) * 1984-02-01 1986-02-18 Thompson Martin L Wrench with nut-retaining mechanism
US4777853A (en) * 1986-08-28 1988-10-18 Bauer Arlen E Bolt starter for starting bolts and the like through unaligned holes
US20040163500A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-08-26 Walsh Leonard Michael Socket with fastener holder
US20060236822A1 (en) * 2005-04-26 2006-10-26 Nish Jeffery L Threaded member driver with retention system
US9416810B2 (en) 2014-07-11 2016-08-16 Rtodds Engineering, Llc Elastomeric retaining devices for joining elements
CN106392971A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-02-15 昆山龙腾光电有限公司 Hex wrench
CN106392971B (en) * 2016-12-02 2019-03-05 昆山龙腾光电有限公司 A kind of internal angle wrench

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