US1505120A - Heat absorbing and radiating apparatus - Google Patents

Heat absorbing and radiating apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1505120A
US1505120A US687882A US68788224A US1505120A US 1505120 A US1505120 A US 1505120A US 687882 A US687882 A US 687882A US 68788224 A US68788224 A US 68788224A US 1505120 A US1505120 A US 1505120A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
combustion
radiating
combustion chamber
heat absorbing
fire
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US687882A
Inventor
Nicholas J Zuzulin
Original Assignee
Nicholas J Zuzulin
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nicholas J Zuzulin filed Critical Nicholas J Zuzulin
Priority to US687882A priority Critical patent/US1505120A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1505120A publication Critical patent/US1505120A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B5/00Combustion apparatus with arrangements for burning uncombusted material from primary combustion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23MCASINGS, LININGS, WALLS OR DOORS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, e.g. FIREBRIDGES; DEVICES FOR DEFLECTING AIR, FLAMES OR COMBUSTION PRODUCTS IN COMBUSTION CHAMBERS; SAFETY ARRANGEMENTS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION APPARATUS; DETAILS OF COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F23M20/00Details of combustion chambers, not otherwise provided for, e.g. means for storing heat from flames

Description

Aug. 19 1924. 1,505,120

N. J. ZUZULIN HEAT ABSORBING AND RADIATING APPARATUS Filed Jan. 22 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet l all Aug. 19 1924. A 1,505,120

. N. J. ZUZULIN HEAT ABSORBING AND RADIATING APPARATUS Fi led Jan.- 22 1924 v 2 Sheets5heet. 2

tion of the same. An important object of the invention is to Patented Aug. 19, 1924.

UNITED STATES NICHOLAE: J. ZUZUI2IN, OTF MINOT, NORTH' DAKOTA.

' HEAT ABSOBBI'NG AND RADIATING, APPARATUS.

Application filed January 22, 1924. Serial No. 687,882.

To all whom it may concern: I

Be it known that I, NICHOLAS J. ZUZULIN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Minot, in the county of Ward and State of North Dakota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Heat Absorbing and Radiating Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to furnaces, and has particular reference to the fire box construe provide a fire box for a furnace, such as a steam or hot water boiler, having means for storing heat in the upper portion of the combustion. chamber, so that the combustible gases escaping from the fuel, such as lignite, are properly burned. I

A further object of the invention is toprovide means whereby thecold air rushing into the fire box or combustion chamber,

upon the opening of the door for theintroduction of fuel, is heated prior to passing to the tubes of the boiler, whereby they are not reduced in temperature, as frequently ocours with the ordinary boiler.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent during the course of the following description.

In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in. which like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same.

Figure 1 is a central vertical longitudinal section through a boiler embodying my invention.

Figure 2 is a transverse section taken on line 2-2 of Figure 1, and,

Figure 3 is a horizontal section taken on line 3--3 of Figure 2.

In the drawings, wherein for the purpose of illustration is shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, the numeral 5 desig nates combustion chamber of a boiler, having the usual crown sheet 6. Arranged beneath this combustion chamber is the fire box Y, having a grate 8, beneath which is the ash pit, as shown. The combustion chamber 5 discharges into the rear ends of fines or tubes 10, held within a shell 11, for holding the water, as is well known in a hot water furnace. The invention is also applicable to a steam boiler construction. The numeral 12 designates a door for the combustion chamber and fire box, and 13 is a door for the ash pit.

The invention resides particularly in the provision of heat absorbing and distributing means, arranged within the combustion chamber 5. Such means embodies a plurality of arches or. inverted U-shaped ele ments 1 1, 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19. These elements are substantially identical in construc tion, but vary in height, and somewhat in shape. Each element embodies an inverted U-shaped rod 20, the lower end of which is embedded in the side walls 21 of the combustion chamber. Arranged upon each of these inverted U-shaped rods are a plurality of heat absorbing and releasing memhers or blocks 21, such as fire bricks. It is preferred that these fire bricks be rough and porous in order that they will more readily absorb the heat and radiate the same. The fire bricks 21 have central openings formed therein, for the reception of the rod 20. These. fire bricks are suitably spaced upon the U-shaped rod by asbestos spacing collars 22, asshown. The fire bricks are held upon the rod, against displacement, by frictional engagement therewith, or by any other suitable means. In the arched portion of the element produced by the fire brick, the lower edges of the fire brick; preferably contact. As clearly shown in Figure 1, the element 18 extends above the element 19, while the element 1.7 is below the element 18 but above the element 19. The element 1.6 extends above the element 17 while the element 15 is below the element 16 but extends above the element 17. The element 14 extends above the element 15 and the element 16. A staggered stepped relation is thus produced at the tops of these elements, with a combustion chamber occurring above the adjacent intermediate element and between the ends of the two elements upon opposite sides thereof. Attention is called to the fact that the elements 14;. 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19 are spaced, providing vertical passages which lead into the combustion chambers or pockets 2 1, as shown.

In view of the foregoing description, it will be seen that coal is ignited in the fire box 7. and when lignite is used, the com hustible gases pass from the fire box 7 upwardly through the passages 23, and enter the combustion box 24-. The heat stored in the elements or arches 14 causes these combustible gases to be properly ignited. Then the door 12 is opened for the introduction of fuel into the fire box, cold air rushes fit) , means for storing heat, and radiatin same at the proper time, thereby retaining into the fire box, but this cold air passing upwardly'between and about the heat retaining and radiating elements, is properly heated before it reaches the tubes 10 whereby these tubes are not reduced in temperature. The arches or elements serve asha t e the temperature of the furnace substantially even, in addition to effecting the combustion of the gases, escaping from the fuel.

It is to be understood that the form of my invention herewith shown and described, is to be taken as a preferred example of the same, and that various changes in the shape, size, and arrangement of parts may be resorted to, without departing from the spirit of my invention, or the scope of the subjoined claims. a

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

1. A furnace including a combustion chamber and a fire box at the bottom thereof, and a plurality of upstanding arches arranged within the combustion chamber and longitudinally, spaced therein providing upwardy discharging passages for the combustible gases, the tops of the arches being arranged in staggered relation affording combustion pockets in communication with said passages, said combustion pockets being arranged at different elevations, each arch embodying an inverted U-shaped rod, and a plurality of earthen blocks strung upon the arch and held thereon in spaced relation.

2. A furnace including a combustion chamber and a fire box at the bottom thereof, and a plurality of upstandin arches arranged within the combustion ciamber and longitudinally spaced therein providing upwardy discharging passages for the combustible gases, the tops of the arches being arranged in staggered relation affording combustion pockets in communication with such passages, said combustion pockets being arranged at different elevations, which elevations are lowered toward the discharge end of the combustion chamber.

3. A furnace including a combustion chamber and a fire box at the bottom thereof, and a plurality of upstandin arches arranged within the combustion c amber and longitudinally spaced therein providing u wardly discharging passages for combustible gases, the tops of the arches being arranged in staggered relation affording combustion pockets in communication with said passages, said combustion pockets being arranged at different elevations which elevations are lowered toward the dischar end of the combustion chamber, each arc embodying an inverted U-shaped rod, and a plurality of earthen blocks strung upon the rod and held thereon in spaced relation.

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.

NICHOLAS J. ZUZULIN.

US687882A 1924-01-22 1924-01-22 Heat absorbing and radiating apparatus Expired - Lifetime US1505120A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US687882A US1505120A (en) 1924-01-22 1924-01-22 Heat absorbing and radiating apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US687882A US1505120A (en) 1924-01-22 1924-01-22 Heat absorbing and radiating apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1505120A true US1505120A (en) 1924-08-19

Family

ID=24762256

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US687882A Expired - Lifetime US1505120A (en) 1924-01-22 1924-01-22 Heat absorbing and radiating apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1505120A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4094302A (en) * 1975-07-29 1978-06-13 Ed. Rohr Ag Furnace with heat storage elements

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4094302A (en) * 1975-07-29 1978-06-13 Ed. Rohr Ag Furnace with heat storage elements

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1452045A (en) Apparatus for furnace-slag disposal
US1942397A (en) Gas burner
US2146565A (en) Boiler
US2242491A (en) Slagging furnace
US1948798A (en) Furnace wall
US1448162A (en) Furnace
US1569923A (en) Device for furnaces
KR101312963B1 (en) Wood combustor
US858012A (en) Smoke-consuming furnace.
US1884741A (en) Radiant heat boiler
US1743830A (en) Recuperator
US1086366A (en) Sawdust-burning furnace.
US6649A (en) Arrangement of steam-boiler
US1517291A (en) Boiler and setting therefor
RU42880U1 (en) Bake
US1446145A (en) Furnace
US3026826A (en) Furnace
US2540359A (en) Furnace
US1870783A (en) Furnace wall structure
US1356028A (en) Steam and hot-water furnace
US2342148A (en) Vapor generator
US2494608A (en) Furnace
US1701836A (en) Furnace
US2763243A (en) Package boiler
US1635819A (en) Water-cooled roof for reverberatory furnaces