US1486232A - Car-door arrangement - Google Patents

Car-door arrangement Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1486232A
US1486232A US585845A US58584522A US1486232A US 1486232 A US1486232 A US 1486232A US 585845 A US585845 A US 585845A US 58584522 A US58584522 A US 58584522A US 1486232 A US1486232 A US 1486232A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
door
hook
car
hooks
supporting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US585845A
Inventor
William F Cremean
Original Assignee
William F Cremean
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by William F Cremean filed Critical William F Cremean
Priority to US585845A priority Critical patent/US1486232A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1486232A publication Critical patent/US1486232A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D7/00Hopper cars
    • B61D7/14Adaptations of hopper elements to railways
    • B61D7/16Closure elements for discharge openings

Description

. March 11 1924.

W. F. CREMEAN CAR DOOR ARRANGEMENT Filed Sept. 2. 1922 2O 35 34- 5 W 33 35 l 1 I9 35 3 gwuzntoz Quanta WILLIAM F. CREI /IEAN, O1 TOLEDO, OHIO.

CAB-D 0 0E AERANGEEEENT.

Application filed September To all whom it concern:

Be it known that T, WILLIAM F. CREMEAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Toledo, in the county of Lucas and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Car-Door Arrangements, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to a door arrange ment for railway cars or the like and has among its objects to provide an improved arrangement of door-supporting mechanism. Another object is to provide a door-supporting mechanism wherein the door may be supported in partly closed or in fully closed position. Another object is to provide a doorsupporting mechanism having a plurality of door-supporting hooks, one arranged to support the door in one position and another to support the door in another position. A further object is to provide a pair of door supporting hooks arranged to swing in parallel planes and hinge upon a common pivot point, one of the hoolzs being longer than the other. A still further object is to provide a door-supporting mechanism employing a plurality of door-supporting members, one of said members being provided with a fulcrum pin adapted to accommodate a doorprying lever. A still further object is to provide a pair of correlated door-supporting hooks so arranged that one hook may be actuated independently in one direction and the other hook actuated independently in the opposite direction. Vifith these and other objects in view, the invention consists of the formation, combination and arrangement of parts, as will be herein described, and particularly pointed out in the ap pended claims.

In the accompanying drawings, which show a preferred form of the invention, Figure 1 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the side of a car, showing the lower or hopper portion thereof and in connection therewith, a door arrangement constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention. This figure shows but half of the ordinary hopper, such as is provided for cars of the type depicted, but it will be understood th t duplicate portion of such a hopper is or aarily provided. Figure 2 is a transverse vertical sectional view through the lower portion of the hopper, taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1. Figure 3 is a transverse horizontal section 2, 1922. Serial No. 585,845.

through the door-supporting hooks, taken on the line 33 of Figure 1. Figure 4 is an oblique sectional view taken through the pivot point of the door hooks on the line 4 l of Figure 1. Figure 5 is a fragmentary side elevational View, showing a modified form of the outermost hook, this view being similar to Figure 1.

Referring to these drawings, a fragment of the side of the car is indicated at 1, and the lowermost portion of the chute plate is indicated at 2. The lowermost edge of the side 1 may be formed along an inclined line as at 3 to define the plane of the hopper discharge opening. A reinforcing angle l may be secured to the lower edge of the side plate 1, as by means of rivets 5. This angle has an inturned leg 6 against the lower face of which the door 7 may seat when closed. Some clearance is shown in the drawings between the top or inner face of the door 7 and the lower face of the leg 6 of the angle, but such clearance is necessary in order that too great nicety is not required in the workmanship. A transverse stilfening angle 8 may extend across the car at the lowermost edge of the chute plate 2, and to this may be secured the body hinges 9. Cooperating with the body hinges 9 are door hinges 10, which are secured as by means of rivets 11 to the under face of the door. The hinge pintle is indicated at 12.

The door 7 may be of any type and is indicated in the drawings as being formed of a steel plate having marginal flanges 13 and 14 along the hinged edge and along the free edge of the door respectively.

Extending transversely of the car across and secured to the under face of the door 7 is a door stiffening member or door beam 15, this being formed in the present embodiment of a channel iron which is shown as secured to the door'plate by means of rivets 16. This channel may extend slightly beyond the outermost edge of the door and preferably has secured to its outer end a reinforcing angle iron 17. This angle iron as shown is riveted through one of its legs to the web of the door beam by means of rivets 18 while the other leg of the angle is riveted to the door plate by means of a rivet 37. The angle iron 17 is provided to locally stiffen and reinforce the door and the door beam, and also to provide a seat beneath which door-supporting members may extend and with which said members may supportingly engage. The door is arranged to be held in either partly closed or in fully closed position. a pair of door hooks 19 and 20 are provided, these being pivoted to the car body at a common pivot point 21. A bracket 22 which overlies the pivot ends of these hooks has cast thereon an integral spool 23 upon which the hooks are positioned, the eyes of the hooks being of a suitable size to operate upon the periphery of the spool 23. A rivet 24 is shown as passing through the spool 23 and the car side 1, thereby holding the bracket 22 against the car side and holding the hooks in position upon the spool 23. A cam 25 may also be pivoted between the bracket 22 and the car side to hold the hooks in engaged relationship with the door. A similar spool construction may be employed for this purpose a rivet 26 passing through this spool and through the car side. An additional rivet 27 may be employed to affix the bracket to the car side.

The hooks 19 and 20 are arranged to swing in parallel planes and it will be noted that the hook 19 is longer than the hook 20, or in other words that the supporting ledge 28 thereof is at a lower elevation than the supporting ledge 29 of the hook 20. By this means, the door may be supported in a partly closed or a fully closed position, depending upon whether the hook seat formed by the horizontal leg of the angle 17 is positioned upon the ledge of the hook 19 or upon the ledge of the hook 20.

The hook 19 is preferably located outside of the hook 20, not only in order that the bending moment in the. door beam and in the angle 17 may be reduced as a result of the shortening of the leverage, but also that the outermost hook may be accessible for the preliminary support of the door, it being the practice to lift such doors to the preliminary position by hand. This arrange ment of the hooks also permits of advantageously forming upon the outer face of the hook 19 a fulcrum such as the boss 30. Upon this fulcrum may be positioned a detachable lever 31 whose innermost end may be inserted beneath the horizontal leg of the angle 17 thereby enabling the door to be conveniently and effectively pried from a partly closed to a fully closed position. In the embodiment shown in Figure 5, the boss 30 is at a lower elevation than in the embodiment shown in Figure 1, so that the innermost end of the lever 31 may be positioned beneath the lower flange of the channel 15 in forcing the door shut.

By the provision of the two hooks with supporting ledges at different levels, the lever 31 may be fulcrumed upon one of the hooks and the door pried up, the other hook being thus left free to swing into supporting To this end,-

position beneath the door. In a previous on a hook having two ledges, one of which is adaptedto support the door in a partly closed and the other in a fully closed position. In this early arrangement, it is often diflicult to swing the hook when the lever is bearing down upon 'it. The present arrangement overcomes this difficulty.

Itis desirable in many instancesthat both hooks should be withdrawn from engagement with the door at the same time, and it is particularly desirable that when the hook 19 is swung back the hook 20 should also be swung back-with it, but it is also desirable that the hook 19 should be capable of being swung forward without hindrance from the hook 20. To this end, an interior locking arrangement is provided between the two hooks. This is formed by means of the lug 32, which is cast upon the inner face of the hook 19 and so disposed that it will engage a flange of the hook 20 when the hook 19 is driven back'as by means of blows directed against the boss 30. It will thus be seen that when the outermosthook is driven back, the innermost hook will also be driven back, but there is sufficient clearance between the lug 32 and the contactin flan e of the hook 20, as at 33, so that be ore t e lug 32 engages this flange,'the hook 19 will have been moved back some slight distance. This is desirable in order that the leg of the angle 17 forming the seat for the hooks shall not strike the ledge of the hook 19 when the loaded door is released from fully supported position upon the ledge of the hook 20. When being closed, the doors will first be swung upwardly sufiiciently to permit the hook 19 to be driven into position beneath the line of swing of the horizontal leg of the angle 17 after which they are forced to fully closed position and the hook 20 is driven into supporting position beneath this leg of the angle. The cam 25 will hold both hooks in such positions. Each hook may advantageously be formed with a web 3 1 and a marginal flange 35, and it is preferable that the web should in each 'in stance be along one side of the hook and that the flange should outstand from the web toward the outer face ofthe car. This is not only desirable, in order to provide for the interior locking features heretofore described, but it also lends itself Well to the manufacture of these hooks and provides shoulders in all directions against which operating implements may be applied.

I have thus described a preferred embodiment of my invention. Other embodiments are contemplated within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit thereof.

What is claimed is:

1. In a car door arrangement, the combiembodiment I have shown a fulcrum formed nation with a drop door hinged to the car body, of a pair of hooks pivoted to the car body and arranged to swing in parallel planes into supporting engagement with the door, one of said hooks being of greater length than the other and being arranged to support the door in a position different from that which said door occupies when supported by the other hook.

2. In a car dOOr arrangement, the combination with a drop door hinged to the car body, of a pair of hooks pivoted to the car body and arranged to swing in parallel planes into supporting engagement with said door, the door-engaging ledges of the hooks being arranged at different elevations and being respectively adapted to support the door at difi'erent positions.

3. In a car door arrangement, the combination with a drop door hinged to the car body, of a pair of hooks pivoted to the car body on one side of the center line thereof, said hooks being arranged to swing into supporting engagement with said door, and having door supporting ledges, the said ledges of the said hooks being arranged at different elevations and being adapted to respectively support the door at different positions.

4. In a car door arrangement, the combination with a drop door hinged to the car body, of a pair of door-supporting hooks pivoted to the car body at a single pivot point, the said hooks being of diflerent 1 lengths and being arranged to swing in parallel planes into supporting engagement with the door.

5. In a car door arrangement, the combination with a drop door hinged to the car body, of a pair of door-supporting hooks pivoted to the car body and arranged to swing in parallel planes into or out of supporting engagement with the door, one of the hooks being arranged to support the door in a partly closed position and the other in a fully closed position, and hook-interlocking means so arranged that retraction of the first hook will cause retraction of the second hook but retraction of the second hook will not cause retraction of the first hook.

6. In a car door arrangement, the combination with a drop door hinged to the car body, of a pair of door-supporting hooks pivoted to the car body and arranged to swing in parallel planes into or out of supporting engagement with the door, one of said hooks being arranged to support the door in a partly closed position and the other in a fully closed position, and interlocking means associated with the hooks ar ranged to cause retraction of one hook by retraction of the other hook and also to cause movement of the first hook by a doorengaging movement of the second hook.

7. In a car door arrangement, the combination with a drop door hinged to the car body, of a pair of door-supporting hooks pivoted to the car body and arranged to swing into supporting engagement with said door, one of the hooks being arranged to support the door in a partly closed position and the other being adapted to support the door in a fully closed position, and a ledge or boss formed upon the said hook that is adapted to hold the door in partly closed position, said ledge being formed and arranged to provide a fulcrum for a removable lever operable between said ledge and the door for prying the door from a partly closed to a fully closed position.

8. In a car door arrangement, the combination with a drop door hinged to the car body, of a plurality of relatively movable members operatively interposed between said door and said body, one of said members being adapted to support the door in partly closed position and the other being adapted to support the door in fully closed position, and means adapted to cooperate simultaneously with both of said members to prevent them from assuming positions permitting said door to swing to open position.

9. In a car door arrangement, the combination with a drop bottom door hinged to the car body, of a plurality of relatively movable devices for supporting said door against an opening movement, one of said devices being adapted to support the door in partly closed position and the other being adapted to support the door in fully closed position, and means whereby movement of one of said devices to door releasing position causes the other door supporting device to assume a position permitting an opening movement of said door.

10. In a car door arrangement, the combination with a drop bottom door hinged to the car body, of a plurality of relatively movable door supporting members operatively interposed between the said door and the car body, one of said members being adapted to support said door in fully closed position and the other operating to retain said door in partly closed position, and said members being operatively associated so that the movement of one of said members from door supporting position to a position permitting the door to be released cannot be effected without a movement of the other door supporting member.

11. In a car door arrangement, the combination with a drop bottom door hinged to the car body, of means for supporting said door in fully closed position, said means involving a movable member, and means for supporting said door in partly closed position, said last named means involving a member independently movable with respect to and adapted to control the door re leasing movement of said first named movable member.

12. In a car door arrangement, the combination with a drop bottom door hinged to the car body, of a plurality of relatively movable pivoted members for supporting said door, one of said members being adapted to support the door in partly closed position and the other being adapted to sup- :port the door in fully closed position, the 10 said member for supporting the door in 'clos'edjpositionis in door releasing position. 15

In testimony whereof *I aflix my signature.

WILLIAM F. GREMEAN.

US585845A 1922-09-02 1922-09-02 Car-door arrangement Expired - Lifetime US1486232A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US585845A US1486232A (en) 1922-09-02 1922-09-02 Car-door arrangement

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US585845A US1486232A (en) 1922-09-02 1922-09-02 Car-door arrangement

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1486232A true US1486232A (en) 1924-03-11

Family

ID=24343201

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US585845A Expired - Lifetime US1486232A (en) 1922-09-02 1922-09-02 Car-door arrangement

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1486232A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2638061A (en) * 1949-05-25 1953-05-12 Unitcast Corp Individually operated door for hopper cars
US20070233194A1 (en) * 2006-03-29 2007-10-04 Catholic Healthcare West (D/B/A St. Joseph's Hospital And Medical Center) Synchronization of vagus nerve stimulation with the cardiac cycle of a patient
US20080103532A1 (en) * 2006-10-27 2008-05-01 Cyberonics, Inc. Implantable neurostimulator with refractory stimulation

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2638061A (en) * 1949-05-25 1953-05-12 Unitcast Corp Individually operated door for hopper cars
US20070233194A1 (en) * 2006-03-29 2007-10-04 Catholic Healthcare West (D/B/A St. Joseph's Hospital And Medical Center) Synchronization of vagus nerve stimulation with the cardiac cycle of a patient
US20080103532A1 (en) * 2006-10-27 2008-05-01 Cyberonics, Inc. Implantable neurostimulator with refractory stimulation

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2142236A (en) Load discharging car
US3434433A (en) Hopper car door operating mechanism
US4142751A (en) Door locking mechanisms for hoppers
US1594863A (en) Tram-car equipment
US3468062A (en) Boxcar door control
US1812334A (en) Latch construction
US2145173A (en) Railway car
US3104623A (en) Railway hopper car pivoted closure latching mechanism
US2131198A (en) Automobile door locking mechanism
US2962983A (en) Railway hopper car door locks
US2030677A (en) Doorlock
US2260519A (en) Door fastener
US1620669A (en) Mine door
US4262603A (en) Door locking arrangement for railway hopper car
US2888885A (en) Hopper door latch mechanism
US2638062A (en) Latching device for hopper cars
US478748A (en) Grain-car door
US2962982A (en) Railway hopper car door locks
US1070366A (en) Locking and controlling means for double doors.
US2538203A (en) Rotary bar fastener for hinged doors
US1861153A (en) Dump car construction
US3279839A (en) Door lock
US2340470A (en) Door fastener
US2064405A (en) Freight car appliances
US1675176A (en) Latch