US1455718A - Hydropneumatic device - Google Patents

Hydropneumatic device Download PDF

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US1455718A
US1455718A US52281621A US1455718A US 1455718 A US1455718 A US 1455718A US 52281621 A US52281621 A US 52281621A US 1455718 A US1455718 A US 1455718A
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chamber
means
tank
air
frame
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Nelson M Delong
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Nelson M Delong
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/26Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using tide energy
    • F03B13/266Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using tide energy to compress air

Description

May 15, 1923.

N. M. DELONG HYDROPNEUMATIC DEVICE Filed DeC. 16 1921 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 N. M DELONG HYDROPNEUMATIG DEVICE 1921 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Dec.

Mans, 1923.

May 15, 1923.

N. M. DELONG HYDROPNEUMATIC DEVICE Filed Dec. 16, 1921 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 oooooou x6 9% WW atented ay 15, 1923.

NELSON DELONG, OF WASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

HYDROPNEUMATIC DEVICE.

Application filed December 16, 1921. Serial No. 522,816.

To all whom it may concern:-

Be it known that I, NELSON M. DELONG, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Washington, District of' Columbia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hydropneumatic Devices, of which the following is aspecification.

My present invention. relates to a hydropneumatic device of the type actuated by the force of the waves, and aims to produce means whereby the energy of the rise and fall of said bodies may be utilized to pump or otherwise transmit airunder pressure into asuitable container from which it may be removed in any desired manner for the performance of useful work.

The primary object of my invention is to provide a device of the character described which will be automatic in its action, re quiring a minimum amount of human attention, which will be efiicient in operation,

and which may be readily constructed and maintained in proximity to a locality where such waves occur.

With these and other objects in view, my invention comprises a series of chambers open at the bottom which are insertable into the surf to a desired depth, with appropriate inlet and outlet ports at the top of said chambers so that the trapped air as it is forced upward by the water seeking its level within the chamber as the crest of a wave passes a chamber, will find its way into a suitable reservoir, from which the air may be taken as desired for any useful purpose. The invention also includes means for adjustment of the aforementioned chambers for a certain state of the tide which includes an enlarged open bottomed tank being mounted for vertical movement and secured to any number of series of chambers as mentioned above, the vertical motion of the tank being controlled by the amount of air which is allowed to enter said tank, thus causing increased buoyancy in the case of increased contained air or a decreasing buoyancy when a portion of the contained air is allowed to escape into the atmosphere.

The invention further consists of the novel arrangement, combination and construction of parts more fully hereinafter described, and with reference to the accomp'anying drawings which are to be taken as illustrative only of a form of device found satisfactory by me and to which I do not wish to be limited inasmuch as various modifications and changes may occur to those skilled in this art, and may be practiced without departing from the spirit of my invention.

In these drawings- Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view through a series of the chambers in which the energy of the waves is made to transmit the initial movement to the air.

Fig. 2 is a plan view of the chambers of Fig. 1 and the air reservoirs and associated mechanism.

Fig. 3 is a. vertical section of an individual energy chamber showing the arrangement of intake and exhaust valves.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmental view similar to Fig. 3 but with the valves in shifted position from that shown in said figure.

Fig. 4 is a vertical section through adjustment tank and compressed air reservoirs.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view on line 5-5 of Fig. 4, and

Fig. 6 is an enlarged fragmental section on line 6-6 of Fig. 4.

Referring more particularly to the drawing wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views, the embodiment of my invention illustrated includes a series of energy chambers 1, having open bottoms adapted to be submerged in the surf, having a valve chamber 2 with a suitable inlet valve 3 preferably of the large capacity quick acting type. Anoutlet valve is also provided and may include a movable plunger 4 suitably carried within a spacing member 5, the plunger being adapted to be moved chamberward against its seat 6 within the delivery pipe 7 in order to close the same.

A flexible pipe 9 connects the several delivery pipes 7 of the energy chambers 1 with a storage reservoir 10 which is also provided with a valved outlet 11 which may be either manually or automatically contro led.

There may be several such storage tanks for each series of energy chambers and it is preferable that several or all storage tanks be intercommunicative in order to more. readily establish a uniform pressure, so that a mean condition will obtain throughout the system.

The energy chambers 1 are preferably spaced apart from each other and arranged in series rigidly connected to a frame 8, pivotally supported through hinge parts 10 10 and hinge parts 11, 11 to an upper frame 12 which is rigidly supported upon uprights 13 to a suitable pier 14 of cement or like construction which will give the needed rigidly. It will thus be noticed that frame 12 is permanent while frame 8 is allowed a certain vertical movement, such movement between extreme collapsed .position of hinge parts 11* and 10 and the extreme expanded position thereof being equal to the difference in tide levels in any given locality.

Suitably mounted upon frame 8 is a vertical rack 15 meshing with gear train 16, 17, the latter gear being carried upon axle 18 journaled in bearings 19 on frame 12, said axle also carrying a similar gear 17*. Shaft 20, journaled at 21 upon frame. 12, carries gear 22 meshing with pinion 23 which is carried by drum shaft 24 journaled onframe 12 at 25 and on pier 14 at 26. A balance wheel 27 of suificient weight to respond to a variance in tide levels only, but which will not be responsive to wave action is provided on shaft 24. Thus, as shaft 24 is held against rotation by the weight of balance wheel 27,

except through a difference of tide levels, frame 8 carrying the energy chambers is also held against vertical movement by wave action because of the positive connection between the rack 15 carried by the frame, and the balance wheel.

Means must be provided to raise and lower the energy chambers according to the state of the tide and one form of device which has been found satisfactory consists of a regulating tank 28 having an open bottom, mounted for vertical movement as by means of rollers 29 engaging the track 30, which is placed within a recess in pie'r 14 and which recess is situated under bulkheads 31 for a purpose more fully hereinafter described.

This pier is provided with a suitable number of perforations 32 which will allow water freedom of access to and exit from the recess, but which perforations are of such a nature that the level of water inside the recess will change only with the state of the tide, and will not be responsive to individual wave action.

Adjustment tank 28 is provided with an upwardly extending framework 33 carrying pulley 34 adapted to receive cable 35. This cable is made secure at one end as by expansion bolt 36 embedded in pie'r 14, then passing around pulley 37 also mounted upon the pier, around the pulley 34, also around additional pulley .38, suitably mounted to wind eventually upon drum 39, carried by shaft 24. Alike mechanism is arranged on the other side of the tank 28, the only qualification bein that its cable 35- shall also wind upon rum 39 on the same side as cable 35.

Thus, it will be seen that movement of the adjustment tank 28 will, through framework 33, impart motion through cable 35, 35* and cause a 'rotation of drum 39, which through gear train 23, 22, 16, the latter gear being in mesh with vertical rack 15, will cause a corresponding movement, when the gears are in proper ratio, to frame 8 with its energy chambers. A duplicate vertical rack and gear train are arranged on the opposite side of frame 12 which will impart a like movement to a similar drum 39* controlling an adjustment tank similar to tank 28. Obviously this series of frames and adjustment tanks may be repeated as conditions necessitate.

It is necessary that the cubic capacity of air in adjustment tank 28 above the water level will be greater than the combined capacity of energy chambers 1 above the water level at any given time in order that the movement of the energy chambers may be controllable from the adjustment tank.

It is desirable that means independent of tide action be provided to actuate the vertical motion of the adjustment tank in order to initially adjust the submergence of the mechanism, or if it is desired to completely submerge or float the entire device. One form of means I have shown to consist of a flexible pipe 40 connected to valved outlet 11 of compressed air reservoir 10. Pipe 40 connects with adjustment tank 28 in any manner which will allow vertical movement of the tank, and yet will maintain an air tight connection, such as sli joint 41. A suitable outlet 42 which may be of any automatic nature or if desired manually controlled, may be provided in tank 28, to allow the contained air to escape into the atmosphere. lVith this construction by opening valved outlet 11 in the compressed air tanks 10, pressure may be forced upon the Water in adjustment tank 28, thereby expelling an amount, causing an added buoyancy to this tank which through its cable and associated gears will cause a like upward movement of frame 8 containing the energy tanks. If outlet 42 in the adjustment tank be opened, allowing the air to escape through the valve 42-, the tank will sink, which because of its connection to the energy tanks, will cause a like movement therein, which movement may be checked when the chambers have reached the proper submergence.

It may be found desirable in order to secure a more uniform pressure from the compressed air tanks 10 to the pneumatic machinery, to provide a bulkhead such as is shown at 31 connected to the bottom oftank 10 by pipe 43. As the compressed air is removed from the system to the pneumatic machinery, water from the bulkheads will flow into the tank 10, thus maintaining a steady pressure. The bulkheads 31 have been shown for convenience surrounding the framework 33, but obviously may be constructed in other forms.

The operation of the device is as follows:

The energy chambers are first adjusted to a proper submergence according to the state of the tide by a manipulation of valved outlet 11 in the compressed air reservoir which will conduct air to the adjustment tank; or outlet 42 in said tank may be opened, thus releasing air from the tank, according to the necessity of raising or lowering the energy chambers. This degree of submergence having been secured, the waves in passing the chambers as shown in Fig. 1, cause a movement of the water inside the chambers, and said water in seeking its level, forces air through the valve chamber 2 and the outlet valve therein, through flexible pipe 9 to the compressed air reservoirs 10, there to be used for any desired purpose. When the peak of the wave has passed a particular energy chamber, the level of the water will tend to fall and will cause inlet valve 3 to actuate, thus relieving the vacuum within the chamber and causing a corresponding fall in the level of the water in the chamber.

The cycle of operations is then complete.

or decrease the submergence of the chamber.

3. A hydropneumatic device adapted to be actuated by the force of waves including a submergible chamber having a water entrance, anoutlet in said chamber for the exit air displaced by said entering water, and means to collect said air, said chamber being secured to a frame hingedly connected to a rigid base.

4. A hydro neumatic device adapted to be actuated by t e force of waves including a submergible chamber having a water entrance, an outlet in said chamber for the exit air displaced by said entering water, and means to collect said air, said chamber being secured to a frame hingedly connected to a second frame, said second frame being secured to a rigid base.

5. A hydropneumatic device adapted to be actuated by the force of waves including a submergible chamber having a water entrance, an outlet in said chamber for the exit air displaced by said entering water, and means to collect said air, said chamber being secured to a frame hingedly connected to a rigidly mounted second frame, and means to prevent movement between the frames.

6. A hydropneumatic device adapted to be actuated by the force of waves including a submergible chamber having a water entrance, an outlet in said chamber for the exit air displaced by said entering water, and means to collect said air, said chamber being secured to a frame hingedly connected to a rigidly mounted second frame, and means to prevent movement between the frames, said means including a rack and pinion.

7. A hydropneumatic device adapted to be actuated by the force of waves including a submergible chamber having a water entrance, an outlet in said chamber for the exit air displaced by said entering water, and means to collect said air, said chamber being secured to a frame hingedly connected to a rigidly mounted second frame, and means to prevent movement between the frames, said means including a rack and pinion, and a drag on said pinion.

8. A hydropneuma-tic device adapted to be actuated by the force of waves including a submergible chamber having a water entrance, an outlet in said chamber for the exit air displaced by said entering water, and means to collect said air, said chamber being secured to a frame hin edly connected to a rigidly mounted secon frame, and means to prevent movement between the frames, said means including a rack and pinion, and a drag on said pinion, said drag comprising a balance Wheel connected through a gear train to said pinion. I

9. In combination. a device for pumping a fluid by utilizing the energy of waves and means remote from the pumping device operable through a differential tide level for raising or lowering said device a vertical distance corresponding to the said differential tide level.

10. The device of claim 9, said means ineluding a tank mounted for reciprocal movement.

11. The device of claim 9. said means including a tank having an aperture therein through which water may enter when the tank is partially submerged.

12. The device of claim 9, said means including an open bottomed tank.

13. The device of claim 9, said means including a buoyant tank. 5 14. The device of claim 9, said means including a tank provided with means to raise or lower the same. 7

15. The device of claim 9, said means in.-,-

16. The device of claim 9, and means to prevent undesired actuation of said raising and lowering means.

17. The device of claim 9, and means to prevent undesired actuation of said raising 15 and lowering means, said prevention means including a balance wheel.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.

NELSON M. DELONG.

US52281621 1921-12-16 1921-12-16 Hydropneumatic device Expired - Lifetime US1455718A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4098081A (en) * 1977-02-14 1978-07-04 Woodman Harvey R Tidal power plant and method of power generation
US4364715A (en) * 1980-02-11 1982-12-21 Bolding Richard D Wave actuated gas compression apparatus
US5205720A (en) * 1990-07-03 1993-04-27 Tsugio Nagata Method and apparatus for producing compressed air and water pumping apparatus utilizing the produced air
WO1997037122A1 (en) * 1995-03-02 1997-10-09 A.P. Van Den Berg Beheer B.V. Sea waves energy converter
US20040046396A1 (en) * 2000-12-11 2004-03-11 Serrano Molina Jose Antonio Energy generating system using sea waves
US20040217597A1 (en) * 2000-05-26 2004-11-04 Carroll Charles B. Wave energy converters utilizing pressure differences
US20090102199A1 (en) * 2006-05-17 2009-04-23 Ivan Voropaev Wave Energy Generator
US20100045045A1 (en) * 2007-08-09 2010-02-25 Gordon Henry Turner Wave power conversion
WO2010022474A1 (en) 2008-09-01 2010-03-04 Oceanlinx Ltd Improvements in ocean wave energy extraction
US7830032B1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2010-11-09 Breen Joseph G Generating power from natural waves in a body of water
FR2959780A1 (en) * 2010-05-10 2011-11-11 Barba Willy Del Machine for transforming potential energy from sea waves into electrical energy for boat battery, has tubes, pipe and caisson arranged such that water level variations in tubes cause discharge of air toward caisson to drive aerogenerator
US20170184072A1 (en) * 2014-05-14 2017-06-29 Sener, Ingenieria Y Sistemas, S.A. Device for capturing wave energy

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4098081A (en) * 1977-02-14 1978-07-04 Woodman Harvey R Tidal power plant and method of power generation
US4364715A (en) * 1980-02-11 1982-12-21 Bolding Richard D Wave actuated gas compression apparatus
US5205720A (en) * 1990-07-03 1993-04-27 Tsugio Nagata Method and apparatus for producing compressed air and water pumping apparatus utilizing the produced air
WO1997037122A1 (en) * 1995-03-02 1997-10-09 A.P. Van Den Berg Beheer B.V. Sea waves energy converter
US20040217597A1 (en) * 2000-05-26 2004-11-04 Carroll Charles B. Wave energy converters utilizing pressure differences
US6933623B2 (en) * 2000-05-26 2005-08-23 Ocean Power Technologies, Inc. Wave energy converters utilizing pressure differences
US20040046396A1 (en) * 2000-12-11 2004-03-11 Serrano Molina Jose Antonio Energy generating system using sea waves
US6956299B2 (en) * 2000-12-11 2005-10-18 Arlas Invest, S.L. System for generating energy from the waves of the sea
US20090102199A1 (en) * 2006-05-17 2009-04-23 Ivan Voropaev Wave Energy Generator
US20100045045A1 (en) * 2007-08-09 2010-02-25 Gordon Henry Turner Wave power conversion
WO2010022474A1 (en) 2008-09-01 2010-03-04 Oceanlinx Ltd Improvements in ocean wave energy extraction
US9784237B2 (en) 2008-09-01 2017-10-10 Tom Denniss Ocean wave energy extraction
EP2318699A1 (en) * 2008-09-01 2011-05-11 Oceanlinx Ltd Improvements in ocean wave energy extraction
US20110203266A1 (en) * 2008-09-01 2011-08-25 Oceanlinx Ltd. Ocean wave energy extraction
EP2318699A4 (en) * 2008-09-01 2013-04-24 Oceanlinx Ltd Improvements in ocean wave energy extraction
US7830032B1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2010-11-09 Breen Joseph G Generating power from natural waves in a body of water
FR2959780A1 (en) * 2010-05-10 2011-11-11 Barba Willy Del Machine for transforming potential energy from sea waves into electrical energy for boat battery, has tubes, pipe and caisson arranged such that water level variations in tubes cause discharge of air toward caisson to drive aerogenerator
US20170184072A1 (en) * 2014-05-14 2017-06-29 Sener, Ingenieria Y Sistemas, S.A. Device for capturing wave energy
US10041467B2 (en) * 2014-05-14 2018-08-07 Sener, Ingenieria Y Sistemas, S.A. Device for capturing wave energy

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