US1438890A - Suction cleaner - Google Patents

Suction cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
US1438890A
US1438890A US33509219A US1438890A US 1438890 A US1438890 A US 1438890A US 33509219 A US33509219 A US 33509219A US 1438890 A US1438890 A US 1438890A
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United States
Prior art keywords
cleaner
brush
motor
fan
suction
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Alfred E Bobst
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General Electric Co
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General Electric Co
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Publication date
Application filed by General Electric Co filed Critical General Electric Co
Priority to US33509219 priority Critical patent/US1438890A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1438890A publication Critical patent/US1438890A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L5/00Structural features of suction cleaners
    • A47L5/12Structural features of suction cleaners with power-driven air-pumps or air-compressors, e.g. driven by motor vehicle engine vacuum
    • A47L5/22Structural features of suction cleaners with power-driven air-pumps or air-compressors, e.g. driven by motor vehicle engine vacuum with rotary fans
    • A47L5/28Suction cleaners with handles and nozzles fixed on the casings, e.g. wheeled suction cleaners with steering handle
    • A47L5/30Suction cleaners with handles and nozzles fixed on the casings, e.g. wheeled suction cleaners with steering handle with driven dust-loosening tools, e.g. rotating brushes

Description

A. E. BOBST.
SUCTION CLEANER.
APPLICATION FILE-D NOV. 1 1.919.
Patented Dec. .12, 1922.
Alf l t re. I obs s Jqttorne g Patented Dec. 12, 1922 UNITED STATES ALFRED E. BOBST, OF SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO GENERAL ELECTRIC PATENT orrlcs.
COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
SUCTION CLEANER.
Application filed November 1, 1919. Serial No. 335,092.
T all whom it may concern.
Be it known that I, ALFRED BOBST, a citizen of the United States, residing at Schenectady, county of Schenectady, State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Suction Cleaners, of which the following is a specification. The present invention relates to electric motor driven suction cleaners of the type designed to be pushed over the surface to be cleaned and particularly to such cleaners which are provided with a brush in the suction nozzle driven from the motor shaft.
The object of my invention is to provide an improved construction and arrangement in a suction cleaner having a motor driven brush and for a consideration of what I believe to be novel and my invention, attention is directed to the accompanying description and the claims appended thereto.
In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a side elevation partly in section of a suction cleaner embodying my invention, and Figs. 2 and 3 are sectional views of details.
Referring to' the drawing, 5 indicates the fan chamber of a suction cleaner, 6 the motor, and 7 the suction nozzle. In fan chamber 5 is a fan 8 which is driven by motor 6. 9 indicates the inlet to the fan chamber and 10 the discharge conduit to which is attached the usualbag 11.. 12 indicates the handle of the cleaner by means of which it is propelled over the surface to be cleaned. In the suction nozzle 7 of the cleaner is a brush 13 which is arranged to be driven from motor 6, j
The foregoing may be taken as typical of a vacuum cleaner to which my invention may be applied. I,
In connection with the operation of a suction cleaner having a motor driven brushin its nozzle, if the cleaner remains standing in one place while the motor is running the brush, which revolves at a comparatively high rate of speed, is likely to damage the carpet or rug being cleaned and it is accordingly desirable that whenever the cleaner is not being propelled over the surface being cleaned that the brush should stop rotating.
so For example, it happens at times that an operator will thoughtlessly leave the cleaner standing in one place without shutting off the power with the result that the brush is left revolving to the injury of the surface being cleaned.
Now, according to my invention, I provide an arrangement whereby whenever the cleaner is not beingpropelled over the surface to be cleaned, or when no power is being applied to the handle of the cleaner, the brush will automatically stop rotating even though the power isleft on, and to this end I arrange the connection between the motor and the brush so that it is automatically controlled by'the power applied to the handle when propelling the cleaner across the surface to be cleaned.
In the present instance brush 13 is driven by a belt 14 which passes over a belt wheel 15 on 'brush 13 and a belt wheel 16 on the lower end of a shaft 17. Shaft 17 is driven in any suitable manner from the shaft of motor 6. Belt 15 is located in a conduit 18, the lower side of which is closed by a removable plate 19. At the rear of conduit 18 thesidewalls of the conduit are provided with thickened portions 20 in which are inverted L-shaped slots 21 adapted to receive bearing blocks 22 which are pressed toward the bottoms of the slots by springs 23.
,Journaled in blocks 22 is a shaft 24 which carries a traction wheel 26 and a pair of idler wheels 27 over which belt 14 passes. Traction wheel 26 projects through an opening 28 in plate .19 andserves to support the rear portion of the cleaner. The forward portion-issupported by wheels 29 at the ends of nozzle 7. To limit the movement of blocks 22 in slots 21., ll provide suitable stopmeans here shown as comprising'pins 30, the ends of which project into slots in blocks 22.
Springs 23 are of such strength or stifiness that they support the welght of the rear end of the cleaner and hold bearing" blocks 22 down in slots 21 to such an extent that idler wheels 27 are moved away from belt 14 so that the belt will be loose and hence will not transmit ower from belt wheel 16 to the brush. once when the cleaner is standing and no pressure is belng applied to it brush 13 will not be rotated even though the motor is runn ng. When power is applied to handle 12 to propel the cleaner over the surface being cleaned, 1t will weigh down the rear end of the cleaner causing springs 23'toFyield wlth the reby Letters Patent of the United States, is,-
sin that idler wheels 27 W111 be brought into engagement with belt 14 to tighten it so that it will transmit power from belt wheel 16 to brush 13 to drive the brush. It will thus be seen that traction wheel 26 and idler wheels 27 serve as a belt tightener to tighten belt 14. to render it. operative to transmit power.
Figs. 1, 2 and 3 show the parts in the positions they occupy when the power is applied to the cleaner to propel it over the surface being cleaned and it will be noted that bearing blocks 22 have been moved upward in slots 21 soas to cause belt 14: to be tightened.
In accordance with the provisionsr of the patent statutes, I have described the prin ciple of operation of my invention, together with the apparatus which -I now consider to represent the best embodiment thereof; but I desire to. have it understood that the apparatus .shown is only illustrative, and
that the invention may be carried out by other means.
What I claim as new and desire to secure 1. In a suction cleaner, a nozzle having a brush therein, an'electric motor, a suction fan driven by the motor, a handle by means of which the cleaner is propelled over the surface to be cleaned, means for connecting the motor to the brush, said means being normally inoperative, and means which is automatically actuated to render saidconnecting means operative when ressureis applied to the handle to push t e cleaner over a surface to be cleaned,
- 2. In a 'suction cleaner, a nozzle having a brush therein, an electric motor, a suction fan driven by the motor, ahandle by means of which the cleaner is-propelled over the surface to 'be cleaned, a driving connection between the motor and brush, said connection being normally inoperative, and means controlled by the power applied to the handle when propelling the cleaner forrendering said connection operative.
3. In a suction cleaner, the combination of a fan chamber, a fan therein, a motor for driving the fan,a suction nozzle connected to the fan chamber, abrush in the .suction nozzle, means including a normally loose belt connecting the motor to the brush to drive it, and means controlled by the power applied to the handle when propelling the cleaner for tightening said belt.
4. In a suction cleaner, the combination of a fan chamber, a fantherein, a motor for driving the fan, a suction nozzle, a brush. rotatably mounted therein, means including a normally loose .belt connecting the motor to the brush to drive it, a yieldingly supported shaft, and a traction wheel and a belt tightening means carried by said shaft.
5. In a suction cleaner, the combination of a fan chamber, a fan therein, a motor for driving the fan, a suction nozzle, a brush therein, means including a normally loose belt connecting the motor to the brush to drive it, a yieldingly supported shaft, and a traction wheel and a pulley for the belt carried by said shaft whereby when the handle is pushed to propel the cleaner, said shaft will yield to cause the pulley to tighten said belt.
6/ In a suction cleaner, the combination of a fan chamber, a fan therein, a motor for driving the fan, a suction nozzle, a brush there1n,-means including a normally loose' Lof a'fan chamber, a motor having a shaft which projects into the fan chamber, a fan in said chamber connected to the motor shaft, a suction nozzle in communication with the fan chamber, a brush rotatably mounted therein, a normally inoperative driving connection betweenthe motor shaft and the brush, and means automatically'operated by the pressure required in the propulsion of the cleaner over the surface to be cleaned for rendering said connection operative.
8. In a suction cleaner, the combination of a fan chamber, a fan therein, a motor for driving said fan, a suction nozzle, a brush rotatably mounted therein, a traction wheel for the cleaner which is movable relatively to the body of the cleaner, and means for connecting the motor to the brush.
9. In a suction cleaner, the combination of a fan chamber, a fan therein, amotor for driving the fan, a suction nozzle, a
.controlled by said movable traction wheel brush rotatably mountedtherein, a traction wheel for the cleaner which is movable relaother position for connecting the motor to the brush-..
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 31st day of October, 1919.
ALFRED E. BOBST.
US33509219 1919-11-01 1919-11-01 Suction cleaner Expired - Lifetime US1438890A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4686736A (en) * 1986-02-19 1987-08-18 The Regina Co., Inc. Vacuum cleaner
US5537712A (en) * 1995-03-20 1996-07-23 The Hoover Company Vacuum cleaner belt drive release
US5974622A (en) * 1998-05-08 1999-11-02 The Hoover Company Transmission neutral locking arrangement for a self-propelled vacuum cleaner
US6131238A (en) * 1998-05-08 2000-10-17 The Hoover Company Self-propelled upright vacuum cleaner with offset agitator and motor pivot points
US20110078874A1 (en) * 2009-10-06 2011-04-07 Dever Kerry L Agitator Belt Drive Interrupt System

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4686736A (en) * 1986-02-19 1987-08-18 The Regina Co., Inc. Vacuum cleaner
US5537712A (en) * 1995-03-20 1996-07-23 The Hoover Company Vacuum cleaner belt drive release
US5974622A (en) * 1998-05-08 1999-11-02 The Hoover Company Transmission neutral locking arrangement for a self-propelled vacuum cleaner
US6131238A (en) * 1998-05-08 2000-10-17 The Hoover Company Self-propelled upright vacuum cleaner with offset agitator and motor pivot points
US20110078874A1 (en) * 2009-10-06 2011-04-07 Dever Kerry L Agitator Belt Drive Interrupt System
US8336162B2 (en) * 2009-10-06 2012-12-25 Panasonic Corporation Of North America Agitator belt drive interrupt system

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