US1288470A - Railroad-ticket-printing audit-keeping machine. - Google Patents

Railroad-ticket-printing audit-keeping machine. Download PDF

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US1288470A
US1288470A US19895717A US19895717A US1288470A US 1288470 A US1288470 A US 1288470A US 19895717 A US19895717 A US 19895717A US 19895717 A US19895717 A US 19895717A US 1288470 A US1288470 A US 1288470A
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printing
counter
ticket
destination
units
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Joseph H Bair
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41KSTAMPS; STAMPING OR NUMBERING APPARATUS OR DEVICES
    • B41K3/00Apparatus for stamping articles having integral means for supporting the articles to be stamped
    • B41K3/02Apparatus for stamping articles having integral means for supporting the articles to be stamped with stamping surface located above article-supporting surface
    • B41K3/04Apparatus for stamping articles having integral means for supporting the articles to be stamped with stamping surface located above article-supporting surface and movable at right angles to the surface to be stamped

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  • My invention relates to ticket printing machines and particularly to that class which issues tickets as. they are called for and keeps a correct count thereof, in a multiplicity of record. dials rovided thereon ⁇ for the purpose. one dial or each destination, and ,a dial forthe total of-all fares issued.
  • the primary object ⁇ of my invention is to provide ⁇ a machine for the purpose which is simple andrapid,l and which can be so .po' sitioned as to cause the ticket vender the: least effort in procuring and delivering tol the purchaser the desired vticket, and of 'keeping a record thereof.
  • I provide a destination selecting mechanism in the form of fa, disk normally lying in the plane of the slab,.or board, at the ticket window, and having a Vknob by whichto turn it,lsaid.knob being of suitable form bywhich-to vgrasp-it with the hand and Qsaiddisk thereon being made preferably o'ffplatefglassand having a me- .tallicrim around it 'to which to attach -des- 'tination printing plates which distend therefrom radially, saidrim or flange being annular, extending downward below the surface of the slab and said destination plates projecting from its lower edge, and being under the window board and free from all obstruction in being whirled around on the disk.
  • ⁇ glass disk Under the selector plate ⁇ glass disk is a series of destination counters ⁇ fiat in structure and having 'a record dial close to the upper edge thereof. These counters are also radially positioned (one for each destination plate) and so tilted as to present the record dials to the best advantage, through 'the overlying glassdisk. to the operator.
  • These counters being extremely light in weight can b'e mounted on the selector ldial vinside the metal rim and revolved with it, or be made stationary and free from the selector disk, and an actuator therefor mounted on the rim, the posifion of which is determined by the destination selected for the ticket. to be printed.
  • I provide'aplaten, also under the window board, which is stationary, and a .movable4 printing table upon which is lthe printing form for the ticket, a changeable date, a consecutive numbering device and a vplace for the destination plate to drop in as the printing table rises-to take the impression against the platen.
  • the date plate is revmovable, and there can be two, so that one onlv a half. For example, when the' counter.
  • New'Yorkjstands 275 afull fare ticket is lnow issued -to New 'York it nowqstands 276.
  • a -..half fare ticket .to -N ew York is issued the counter .stands 276%.
  • the counter shows respectively 9.772,7, 2785-.
  • jfNowrthe totalfcounter is lactuated every time aticket is issued-@no matter what the destination. It, too, lcounts wholes and halves.
  • The' number' printing machine counts onlyj wholes. always an exact record of the number of tickets issued, thenumber of fares to each destination and a total number of fares.
  • the ticket is printed from a roll I(which is most economical) and which can be water-markedor"specially prepared to meet the reoeriements of the railroad in question.
  • the ticket iscut oil' from the strip as it is printed and ejected fon the-ticket window slab.
  • the selector knob is preferably placed to the left, about in line with the edge yof the window, to be actuated by the left hand and the ticketlis ejected to the right thereof inline with about'the middle of the window.
  • the ejector slot is pitched at a-sharp angle away from vthe .operator and toward the purchaser and the ticket-is onlyr half wav pushed out upon its issue. It can remain there, free from. being blown away, until Vthe operator places his thumb back of it andl slides it forward toward the purchaser, -or
  • the printing can be accon'iplished in two ways; in the larger stations by means of an electric motor and in the smaller stations where power is not available by a foot-pedal.
  • This is'the means disclosed'y in the drawings. IVhere the former 'meansfis availed of, the operation isas follows: turning the selector device to the desired destination then press'- ing the printing button (there being two .v buttons-a full fare button and a half-fare one). Both buttons operate the motor, but in addition'the half-fare one operates also the halfplunger and the actuator so as to lregister a half instead of a, whole ⁇ number upon the counters involved in the transaction.
  • a counter which is capable of counting halves and wholes and whichl canbe arranged in a series, and an actuator common to all so playing upon the counter noting the transaction that when a half ticket is ,issued it causes it to denote the half and42 when a whole one is printed it causes it-'to denote one; and a 'back of ticket.
  • Fig. II is a perpendicular transverse section on thelineAf-A of Fig. I.
  • Figs. III and IV show'tlae machine in elevation with selected portions in section, ofwhich Fig. IVv is a view from the position of they operator with ticket window in background. and Fig.YIII is a view from the left hand side withthe yselector disk removed and shows the printing table, paper and ribbon mechanisms with their actuating devices and the ticktcut'olf. This figurey also shows means for locking the machine when the counter assembled looking toward upper part, showing the counter wheels in successively lower planes beginning with the units one.
  • Fig. VII is a plan view of the counter with top cover removed and shows the relation of its wheels to each other in reference to holding, and carrying mechanism.
  • Fig. VIII is a plan view of counter with top cover on which has dial openings through which the amount is read.
  • Fig. IX is the bottom cover which is formed, with a flange and ears all around with which to join it to top cover; holes with an annular flange to form bearing for counter wheels and circular race-ways concentric with each hole except last. Both covers are in stair-case steps conforming and confine the several wheels between them.
  • Figs. XII, XIII, XIV and XV show-a counter having its wheels all on the same axis capable of counting units, and halves. This counter is suitable for recording numbers consecutively and merely registering them.
  • Fig. XII, A. B. and C. shows the relation between the units and one-half wheel.
  • C. shows the'machine clear.
  • Fig. XIV, A.. and B. show the construction ofthe half wheel of which A. is a plan of its right hand face and B. is a detail of the pawl partly in section.
  • Fig. XIII is a View of the face (toward the half wheel) of the units wheel of theI counter, with the housing case surroundingl it in section, also showing in broken linesv the position. when in place, assembled the race-way in the end piece shown in Fig. XV. Into this race-way extends the end of the pin, fast on the pawl of the half7 wheel, extending through the clearance slot therein.
  • Fig. XVI is a side elevation of the printing table showing the operation of a. selecldistination plates 5.
  • the dial o is mounted rotatably on ball lbearings' on shaft 6 and hub 55.
  • the dial is lifted, during the printing operation. by means of plunger 7 fast-on push rod 8 held in guide'13 and actuated by foot pedal 14.
  • the dial and plunger are supported on arm 54.
  • On top of the push rod is printing table 9, having an lopposed pla-ten 10 with its upper face in the plane of table 11, and supported on a pedestal 12.
  • the pawls 58 and 65 are mounted on 'the printingr table and rise with it to the 'distance of the-platen 10.' The plate 5 in the printing position drops into the cutout 5 over which it is 'superposed at that pointl ofthe upward travel of the printing table l9 when the pawls 5 8 'and65 have carried their'respective counter wheels two notches (or teeth 68) of the unit counter wheel 77 thus counting one to the destination for which the ticket is issued. At that point guide lock 57 has slipped its limit into slot 56, and plunger 7 has abutted against shaft,
  • a forward clamp 23 having-end bearings 24 inv ears rests with its free toothed end (projecting forward, through a slot 28) upon the paper 29 allowing it to feed forward but no't backward.
  • the feed israttached to the platen by an angle plate 27.
  • the slot 39 is so constructed that the paper-cage 21 is quickly pulled back upon the first part of the stroke and remains there until rod 8 partly drops back from the impact position, when it shoots forward feeding-the paper and remaining forward at rest.
  • the other arm 48-43 controlled by lpin 42 in slot 41 upon the first part 'of thestroke of push-rod 8 pullsthe cut-"olf block 52 back, opening wide the slot which remains open until close 'tothe end of the return stroke of 8.
  • the end 29 of the paper roll 30 upon whichl the ticket was printed is pushed up into the slot by the paper-feed, it closes again and cuts off the ticket 51.
  • This eut-olf remains closed during all inactivity of the machine keeping dust, air and moisture from the paper and ribbon. but the ticket is not pinched and can easily be slid out by means of a thumb and finger depression 53.
  • a safety arrangement is provided to prevent the paper from getting used up before the operator discovers it. If the machine is operated without paper it charges the operator the same as if a ticket were issued,- and this should 'be an incentive 'to be on his guard; but to avoid the necessity of attending to this the following device is provided.
  • On the paper roll 30 (Fig. 111) rests the free endy 31 of a lever the other end of which forms n stay for a thrust lever 32 held in tension by push spring 33. As the roll dwindles and lever S1 drops with it the other end is lifted. and finally, above the end of lever 32.
  • the-lever 32 shoots forward and thrusts push rod 34 against rod 8 and when that drops it brings in line therewith a hole 35y into which the pointed end of '34 enters and locks the machine from printing until the machine is loaded with a new paper roll.
  • the idea is to unwind what little paper there is left on the spool; the inner end being gummed, it is united with the outer end of the new'roll. *'It is wound on the roll.
  • the locking device is reset and there isnok waste of paper and no bother ifn hreading the paper through the paper
  • the arms 113-113 actuate the ribbon spools 10Q-T109 respectively by means of their ratchets 111-111.
  • the ribbon 110 is held in line by means '0f rollers 112-112- Only one of the actuating arms 113-113 engages aspool at a time, and that spool only until all the ribbon is unwound therefrom and on the other) and an arm 114 (held in by the ribbon surroundingit) drops out and as the vspool keeps on revolving it abuts against the actuating arm 113 and draws it over, so that the other arm now engages the ratchet on that spool.
  • the counter 4 preferably used to keep the tally is flat and is shown in Figs, VI to IX inclusive. light and simple. This counter is capable of counting in halves and wholes and' this qualification isl highly important in a railroad ticket printing machine fas without such a counter the machine would neces; sarily be twice as complicated.
  • the wheels 77 are incasedbetween two housing plates 71 and 72.
  • the bottom platev has a hub 66 for eachcount-er wheel. It has a circular carrying' pin raceway 69 for each wheel except for the one of highest denomination. It has a spring recess 70. Around it is a iiange 74 and ears 75 with which to join it with the companionr plate' 72. At the units end'of both plates is a cut-out 76 to expose two teeth 68 of the units wheel.
  • Each wheel (except the'A one of highest denomination) v has a carrying pin 73 which extends into the plane of the adjacent wheel of next higher denomination.
  • the wheels 77 are held locked and from back lashing by means of a spring 78 one between each two wheels.
  • the number wheels have their numbers on .the flat face.
  • window 67 ot' the units counter has an inward extension in line with the J5 circle (see Figs. VIII. X and XI). It will be seen that by advancing the units wheel one notch at a time alternately 11; will be shown in the units window.
  • This counter is Iextremely The t
  • the count-er in Figs. X and XI is a modification of that shown in Figs. VI to IX the actuation and windows being the same.
  • the carrying means is ditferent.
  • the units wheel has superposed on the ratchet toothed part 68 a circular disk fast thereto bearing the numbers and halves arranged identically with those .of the other counter.
  • the tens wheel has concave faces 80 (one it'or each number) lwhich conform to the periphery 82 of the units wheel and allow it to turn nine tenth of a.
  • the tens wheel can have fastened to it ⁇ in a different plane, a disk like that in the units wheel to actuate a hundreds wheel.y and the series can be repeated indeii? nitely to meet the requirements of the denomination desired.
  • the stepped housing similar to the other counter. is required. rhis arrangement is not shown in the drawings.
  • the counter which registers all the counting transactions, and keeps a total out' all tickets issued of the type .rhere the counter wheels are placed side by side on the same shaft.
  • This counter is stationary and can be more conveniently placed and actuated than the train type preferred for thcseveral destinations.
  • It. is also required by several railroads desiring ticket issuingr machines to have a printing counter, or ticket numbering device, capable of recording successively, instead of units, the value of the ticket issued. For example, when 700 fares have been issued that number was printed on the last ticket. Should now a t halt' ticket be called for the number printed 'on that ticket will be 700%. If next a iull 7 ticket is issued its number is 701%, etc. To meet this requirement I have provided the counter shown in Figs. XII to XV inclusive.
  • a ratchet 85 similar to that on the units wheel 86. These wheels have number flanges S3 and 84 respectively. The numbers show in a register window 98. If used as a recorder no housing or dial is required. The illustration is in the form of a register instead of recorder.
  • the bearing end support (Fig. XV) has a hole 94 t'or shaft to rest in. and a race-way 92. This race-way is shown in broken line in the position when assembled (Fig. XIII) in relation to a series of tace pins 88 in the face (of units wheel) adjacent to the half wheel.
  • a pawl 89 On the half wheel, on the units wheel side is a pawl 89 with a cross pin 87 at its'tree end extending through a clearance slot 9].. This pin rests in and is controlled by the race-way 92 and the other end extending toward the units wheel plays on the face pins 88 thereon.
  • the counter is mounted on shaft 95, and inclosed and the between units and wheels of higher denomimany common nation is not shown as methods may be employed. y
  • the ticketl printed by the machine herein characterized is shown in Fig. XVIII and one modification thereof in Fig. XIX.
  • This latter one is an excursion ticket.
  • Good this4 day only 100 is put there on the ticket by means of a slug 101 on the .printing table Figs.- XVII and XVI which is held out of the 'printing position by a spring 107 and which is made to rise on cams to the printing level by means ofv a push arm 106.
  • Operative meansto include this slug in ⁇ the printing form is not shown but it is obvioushow 'it can be done.
  • Another modification for the'ticket is ha-li already described.
  • the ticket Fig. XVII shows the position of the half 59 in dotted lines (one above and half below) with a. line between them.v l,
  • the number 102 placed on tickets can be consecutive, z'. e. in -Whole numbers only or it can be a countof the .faresin lterms of wholes and halves 4as already described under g counters. k;
  • the date 100 is -printed onthe ticket by a form 100 with removable type 104 in a case i and spacing 'slugs 103. This case can be removed'tochange the date..
  • the date can; be put onfthe. Iback ofthe ticket instead of' where shown, by means'of the ticket Shearing 'block 52 if it is so desired.
  • a destination selecting device constituting. a rotatable disk having radially extending destination printing plates with axially disposedtype thereon and a knob wherewith to bring any one of the plates desired into operative position and a ⁇ printing mechanism;
  • a rotableV destination selecting diskl provided with radially extending destinationprinting plates, a printing table overlapping the plates and having printingorm ;including a plate receiving slot and capable of being impressed on a record together with that of the destination printing' plate, in operative position and a. platen and means for making the impression ⁇ said formy andy disk beingarranged for relative movement of translation.
  • a destination selecting mechanism consisting of a disk provided with a plurality of radially extending destination ⁇ printing-plates; a plurality of radially disposed counters, a counter for each plate, under said disk and visible through it and means for rotatingsaid disk to bring a sel.lectedplate and its counter into operative position.
  • a destinationselecting mechanism consisting of a disk provided witha plurality of radially extending destination printing plates and means for ro- '.tatingsaid disk; a pluralityv of radially dis- Cil ⁇ transaction.
  • posed destination counters one for each plate, visible through the disk, to count its printing transactions; a common counter to keep a total of all the printing transactions; means for setting the desired destination plate into the operative position and a mechanism for actuating simultaneously both counters.
  • a destination selecting mechanism provided with a plurality of destination printing plates and a complemental plurality of destination counters each adapted to count by units and halves, as desired, and means for setting the desired destination plate and'its counters into the operative position.
  • a plurality of destination printing plates and a complemental plural-l ity of destination counters each 'adapted to count by units and halves, as desired, means for setting the desired destination printing plate and its counter into operative position and means of taking the impression and operating the counter.
  • a plurality of destination printing plates and a complemental plurality oi destination counters each adapted to count by units and halves, as desired; a common counter to operate in consonance with the other' counters and to register their total, and means for setting the desired plate and its counter into the operative position.
  • a plurality of destination printing plates and 'a complemental plurality of destination counters each adapted to count by units and halves asv desired, a common counter to operate incoiisonance with the other counters and to ⁇ represent their total; means for scttin',g ,”tlie desired plate and its counter into the operative position and means forl makin-g the impression and operating the counters involved in thev 9.
  • a series of destination printing plates In a mechanism of the class described, and 1n combination, a series of destination printing plates; a series of destination coun-vl ters', one'for each plate, each adapted to count by units and," halves; means or'positioning thev desired plateand its counter in the operative position; a printing tablev comprising printing form and platen and means for making the impression and operating the counter involved.
  • destination printing plates In a machine of the class described, and in combination, destination printing plates; destination counters, one for each plate each adapted to count by units and halves as desired; means for-placing the de sired destination printing plate and its counter into the operative position; a printing table comprising platen and printing forni with selective printing elements therein other than destination plates; manual means for including such elements in the operative form and means for making the impression and actuating the counter involved.
  • a common counter to act always in consonance with that destination counter operatively'positioned when printing takes place; common actuators for 'count-ers involved, which normally actua-te them byl units when printing takes place, a printing table comprising a platen and a. printing form with a shiftable printing slug, normally inoperative, bearing half thereon, and means for shifting said half slug into opera-tive posit-ion which also setscounter actuators to drive the counter involved a half.
  • a destination selecting mechanism comprising a plurality of destination printing plates -and associated therewith respectively a plurality' of destination counters each adapted to count by units andhalves, and means' for setting any of the plates with itscounterinto the operative position, a printing adder associated lwith the printing forni to act 'always in consonance with that destination counter operatively positioned and Which progressively records the total of all the destination -counters on the printed form; counter and adderv drivers which normally actuate the counter positioned and adder by units; a printing' table comprising a platen vand printing i't'orin with a shiftable printing slug, normally ⁇ inoperative, bearing half thereon; meansl for.
  • each counter adapted to count by units and halves and means for bringing any plate with its counter into operative position with vrespect to vthe printingniechanism; printing mechanism including a 1 printing form with Selective'printingelements to issue either a full ,or la half fare ticket to the destination represented by the plate inthe operative position; a common actuatorlfor'the counters vand operative means to 'determine whether'the form for a full or ahalf fare ticket shall be set 'up Vand whether the counter involved' shall be actuated a unit or a half," during theprin'ting act.
  • a printing mechanism including inkingga paper feeding mecha- ⁇ nism; means for operating them and means for locking said parts against operation when the paper roll is substantially eX- hausted said locking means consisting of a weight arm, of a timing lever, supported on the roll a spring pressed release mechanism with plunger, and a notch in the operating rod to engage it unyieldingly until reset and held open by new roll.
  • a paper feeding mechanism including also a ticket delivery slot having one fixed and one movable Wall, and having a removable date-printing form operative in fixed wall; a movable ticket cuttingoff block forming the other face wall of the slot by means of which the slot is opened and closed, and adapted to serve as a platen for the date form opposed to stamp date on back of ticket, said block having a cutting edge below to coperate with iXed edge opposed to cut oil ticket and means for operating the block.
  • a platen In a machine of the character described, and in combination, a platen; a printing table provided With a printing forni and a vacant space therein, adapted to be occupied by a destination plate to cornplete the ticket form, and said printing table having counter actuating mechanism assooiated therewith, adapted to movel With it when printing; a series of destination printing plates radially extending from a rotatable disk, axially movable also, and having turningl means thereon. adapted ⁇ to sweep the plates over the table to place any one thereof in position over the vacant space provided in the printing form; a series of destination counters, one for each plate in. ixed relation to it, under the disk and readable through it,

Description

Patented Dec. 24, 1918.
4 SHEETS-SHEET I.
PH|LDELPH N EW YOR K sooo on rms DATI: oNLY A TTORNE Y na un nun m, mannmw., nummern... n c.
l. H. BAIR.
RAILROAD TICKET PRlNTl-NG AUDIT KEEPING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED ocr. 29. i917.
1,288,470, Patented Dee. 24,1918.
4 SHEETS--SHEET 2.
. 11o Illl 1. H. 9mm RAILROAD TICK'ET PRlNTlNG AUDIT KEEPING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED oc. 2s. m7.
Patented Dec. 24, 1918.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
"upon-u uns u rumour, nummern... n L
J. H. BAIR. RAILROAD TICKET PRINTING AUDIT KEEPING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. 29. I9IT.
1 ,288,470. Turented Dec. 24, 1918.
.To all 'whom tf/nay concern.' i HBAIB, a
JOSEPH H4. BAIR, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
RAILRoAD-TIcKEr-PRINTING AUDIT-KEEPING MACHINE.
,Specification of Letters Patent.
i' Patented Dee. 24, 191s.
Appueationmed oetoberaa, 1.9i?, serial Nb. 198,957.
Be it known that I, .JOSEPH i citizen of the UnitedStates, and residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania h-ave invented certain new and Auseful Improvements in Railroad-Ticket-Printing Audit-l Keeping Machines,of which the following, together with the'accompanying drawings,-
is a specification.
My invention relates to ticket printing machines and particularly to that class which issues tickets as. they are called for and keeps a correct count thereof, in a multiplicity of record. dials rovided thereon` for the purpose. one dial or each destination, and ,a dial forthe total of-all fares issued.
The primary object` of my invention is to provide` a machine for the purpose which is simple andrapid,l and which can be so .po' sitioned as to cause the ticket vender the: least effort in procuring and delivering tol the purchaser the desired vticket, and of 'keeping a record thereof.
To this end I provide a destination selecting mechanism in the form of fa, disk normally lying in the plane of the slab,.or board, at the ticket window, and having a Vknob by whichto turn it,lsaid.knob being of suitable form bywhich-to vgrasp-it with the hand and Qsaiddisk thereon being made preferably o'ffplatefglassand having a me- .tallicrim around it 'to which to attach -des- 'tination printing plates which distend therefrom radially, saidrim or flange being annular, extending downward below the surface of the slab and said destination plates projecting from its lower edge, and being under the window board and free from all obstruction in being whirled around on the disk. Under the selector plate `glass disk is a series of destination counters` fiat in structure and having 'a record dial close to the upper edge thereof. These counters are also radially positioned (one for each destination plate) and so tilted as to present the record dials to the best advantage, through 'the overlying glassdisk. to the operator. These counters being extremely light in weight can b'e mounted on the selector ldial vinside the metal rim and revolved with it, or be made stationary and free from the selector disk, and an actuator therefor mounted on the rim, the posifion of which is determined by the destination selected for the ticket. to be printed.
I provide'aplaten, also under the window board, which is stationary, and a .movable4 printing table upon which is lthe printing form for the ticket, a changeable date, a consecutive numbering device and a vplace for the destination plate to drop in as the printing table rises-to take the impression against the platen. The date plate is revmovable, and there can be two, so that one onlv a half. For example, when the' counter.
to New'Yorkjstands 275 and afull fare ticket is lnow issued -to New 'York it nowqstands 276. Now a -..half fare ticket .to -N ew York is issued the counter .stands 276%. .Next again two whole tickets are issued to New York and the counter shows respectively 9.772,7, 2785-. jfNowrthe totalfcounter is lactuated every time aticket is issued-@no matter what the destination. It, too, lcounts wholes and halves. The' number' printing machine counts onlyj wholes. always an exact record of the number of tickets issued, thenumber of fares to each destination and a total number of fares.
The ticket is printed from a roll I(which is most economical) and which can be water-markedor"specially prepared to meet the reouirements of the railroad in question. The ticket iscut oil' from the strip as it is printed and ejected fon the-ticket window slab. The selector knob is preferably placed to the left, about in line with the edge yof the window, to be actuated by the left hand and the ticketlis ejected to the right thereof inline with about'the middle of the window. The ejector slot is pitched at a-sharp angle away from vthe .operator and toward the purchaser and the ticket-is onlyr half wav pushed out upon its issue. It can remain there, free from. being blown away, until Vthe operator places his thumb back of it andl slides it forward toward the purchaser, -or
So there is the purchaser can reach and get it. The right handof the operator isfree to receive pay and'to make change. Great speed can be attained by practising the technique of the transaction. 4
The printing can be accon'iplished in two ways; in the larger stations by means of an electric motor and in the smaller stations where power is not available by a foot-pedal. This is'the means disclosed'y in the drawings. IVhere the former 'meansfis availed of, the operation isas follows: turning the selector device to the desired destination then press'- ing the printing button (there being two .v buttons-a full fare button and a half-fare one). Both buttons operate the motor, but in addition'the half-fare one operates also the halfplunger and the actuator so as to lregister a half instead of a, whole` number upon the counters involved in the transaction.
invention also embodies a counter which is capable of counting halves and wholes and whichl canbe arranged in a series, and an actuator common to all so playing upon the counter noting the transaction that when a half ticket is ,issued it causes it to denote the half and42 when a whole one is printed it causes it-'to denote one; and a 'back of ticket.
ij U
ean vinking ribbon therefor.
common counter capable through 'the actuator to denote each and every whole and half issuing transaction.`
The preferred embodiment of the invenl tion is more specifically'characterized with reference to the drawings. of' which- Figure I isa plan view of the selective setting up mechanism.
Fig. II is a perpendicular transverse section on thelineAf-A of Fig. I.
Figs. III and IV" show'tlae machine in elevation with selected portions in section, ofwhich Fig. IVv is a view from the position of they operator with ticket window in background. and Fig.YIII is a view from the left hand side withthe yselector disk removed and shows the printing table, paper and ribbon mechanisms with their actuating devices and the ticktcut'olf. This figurey also shows means for locking the machine when the counter assembled looking toward upper part, showing the counter wheels in successively lower planes beginning with the units one.
Fig. VII is a plan view of the counter with top cover removed and shows the relation of its wheels to each other in reference to holding, and carrying mechanism.
Fig. VIII is a plan view of counter with top cover on which has dial openings through which the amount is read.
Fig. IX is the bottom cover which is formed, with a flange and ears all around with which to join it to top cover; holes with an annular flange to form bearing for counter wheels and circular race-ways concentric with each hole except last. Both covers are in stair-case steps conforming and confine the several wheels between them.
Figs. X and XI show another dat counter capable of counting units, and halves. The two illustrations show the process of carrying one-half.
Figs. XII, XIII, XIV and XV show-a counter having its wheels all on the same axis capable of counting units, and halves. This counter is suitable for recording numbers consecutively and merely registering them.
Fig. XII, A. B. and C. shows the relation between the units and one-half wheel. C. shows the'machine clear. B. registering onehalf and A. registering one, in the position in the dial indicated.
Fig. XIV, A.. and B. show the construction ofthe half wheel of which A. is a plan of its right hand face and B. is a detail of the pawl partly in section.
Fig. XIII is a View of the face (toward the half wheel) of the units wheel of theI counter, with the housing case surroundingl it in section, also showing in broken linesv the position. when in place, assembled the race-way in the end piece shown in Fig. XV. Into this race-way extends the end of the pin, fast on the pawl of the half7 wheel, extending through the clearance slot therein.
Fig. XVI is a side elevation of the printing table showing the operation of a. selecldistination plates 5. The dial o is mounted rotatably on ball lbearings' on shaft 6 and hub 55. The dial is lifted, during the printing operation. by means of plunger 7 fast-on push rod 8 held in guide'13 and actuated by foot pedal 14. The dial and plunger are supported on arm 54. On top of the push rod is printing table 9, having an lopposed pla-ten 10 with its upper face in the plane of table 11, and supported on a pedestal 12.
-On the table is an operating button 15. which has two cam faces 61 and 62 which actuate push rods 60 and 64 respectively, when the button is depressed against return spring 63, and the half slug 59 in its slot is lifted 'to the printing level required for printing a half-fareticket and the pawls 58 and 65 are so positioned that whenthe printing vact takes place the respective counters involved in the. transaction have 'the unit wheels actuated only one notch 68 instead of two'thus registering vbut a half instead of a -unit in the dials 67. The pawls 58 and 65 are mounted on 'the printingr table and rise with it to the 'distance of the-platen 10.' The plate 5 in the printing position drops into the cutout 5 over which it is 'superposed at that pointl ofthe upward travel of the printing table l9 when the pawls 5 8 'and65 have carried their'respective counter wheels two notches (or teeth 68) of the unit counter wheel 77 thus counting one to the destination for which the ticket is issued. At that point guide lock 57 has slipped its limit into slot 56, and plunger 7 has abutted against shaft,
6. and the remainder of the stroke selector disk 0 is borne upward to the end, namely to the point where the printing block abuts against the stationary platen. The locking device 56-*57 makes it impossible to rotate the selector while the printing block 9 is in the path of the destination plates 5.
Interposed between platen and printing block and above theplane of the destination. plates is the ribbon 11() and above it the paper 29. Both paper and ribbon are operated byplunger 8. On the stand 12 is a cross arm 36 and 37. On arm 37, at its end is paper roll at an intermediate point a bearing 46 for paper-feed-arm 17438. The upper arm 17 is bifurcated and terminated in a slot 19 in which rests a pin 18 o'n the cage 21 (Fig. V) which is made bv the oscillating arm 17 to travel back and forth over the paper holder 16. The cage has a 'pair ofears '25011 top, and he1'ow,in which are Ahinged jaws 26 opposed. These jaws travel in the cut out 20 of the paper guide 16. They bite or grip the paper 20 between them feeding it along on the forward move ment and open up and slide free on the backward movement. A forward clamp 23 having-end bearings 24 inv ears rests with its free toothed end (projecting forward, through a slot 28) upon the paper 29 allowing it to feed forward but no't backward. l
The feed israttached to the platen by an angle plate 27.
The lower end 38 of the feed arm terminates in a pin 40 resting in a slot 39 of walking arm hinged at 118 and actuated by means Vof a pin 117 fastening it to the push rod 8. The other member 44 of the walking beamhas at its free en'd a slot 41 in which rests a pin 42 at the lower end of arm 43-48 hinged at 47 the end of 'horizontal arm 36. At the upper end it extends into a clearance hole in cutoff block 52 and is hinged to it by means yof pin 119. By means of it block-52 ismade to move forward and cut ofi' the ticket 51 from paper 29. This shearing block yhas a guide slot through which extendsa guide bar49- When therod 8 is pushed up by means of pedal 14, arm 44,
of the walking beam, rises and companion arm 45vdrops. The slot 39 is so constructed that the paper-cage 21 is quickly pulled back upon the first part of the stroke and remains there until rod 8 partly drops back from the impact position, when it shoots forward feeding-the paper and remaining forward at rest. The other arm 48-43 controlled by lpin 42 in slot 41 upon the first part 'of thestroke of push-rod 8 pullsthe cut-"olf block 52 back, opening wide the slot which remains open until close 'tothe end of the return stroke of 8. After the end 29 of the paper roll 30, upon whichl the ticket was printed is pushed up into the slot by the paper-feed, it closes again and cuts off the ticket 51. This eut-olf remains closed during all inactivity of the machine keeping dust, air and moisture from the paper and ribbon. but the ticket is not pinched and can easily be slid out by means of a thumb and finger depression 53.
A safety arrangement is provided to prevent the paper from getting used up before the operator discovers it. If the machine is operated without paper it charges the operator the same as if a ticket were issued,- and this should 'be an incentive 'to be on his guard; but to avoid the necessity of attending to this the following device is provided. On the paper roll 30 (Fig. 111) rests the free endy 31 of a lever the other end of which forms n stay for a thrust lever 32 held in tension by push spring 33. As the roll dwindles and lever S1 drops with it the other end is lifted. and finally, above the end of lever 32. At that point the-lever 32 shoots forward and thrusts push rod 34 against rod 8 and when that drops it brings in line therewith a hole 35y into which the pointed end of '34 enters and locks the machine from printing until the machine is loaded with a new paper roll. The idea is to unwind what little paper there is left on the spool; the inner end being gummed, it is united with the outer end of the new'roll. *'It is wound on the roll. The locking device is reset and there isnok waste of paper and no bother ifn hreading the paper through the paper The arms 113-113 actuate the ribbon spools 10Q-T109 respectively by means of their ratchets 111-111. The ribbon 110 is held in line by means '0f rollers 112-112- Only one of the actuating arms 113-113 engages aspool at a time, and that spool only until all the ribbon is unwound therefrom and on the other) and an arm 114 (held in by the ribbon surroundingit) drops out and as the vspool keeps on revolving it abuts against the actuating arm 113 and draws it over, so that the other arm now engages the ratchet on that spool.
The counter 4 preferably used to keep the tally is flat and is shown in Figs, VI to IX inclusive. light and simple. This counter is capable of counting in halves and wholes and' this qualification isl highly important in a railroad ticket printing machine fas without such a counter the machine would neces; sarily be twice as complicated.
The wheels 77 are incasedbetween two housing plates 71 and 72. The bottom platev has a hub 66 for eachcount-er wheel. It has a circular carrying' pin raceway 69 for each wheel except for the one of highest denomination. It has a spring recess 70. Around it is a iiange 74 and ears 75 with which to join it with the companionr plate' 72. At the units end'of both plates is a cut-out 76 to expose two teeth 68 of the units wheel. Each wheel (except the'A one of highest denomination) vhas a carrying pin 73 which extends into the plane of the adjacent wheel of next higher denomination. The wheels 77 are held locked and from back lashing by means of a spring 78 one between each two wheels. .Onthe top plate are windows 67 and 67.- These windows are elongated so as to show the figures exposed' a halt-step movement of the counter wheel. The number wheels have their numbers on .the flat face. On the units wheel a is interposed between all the figures but at less distance from the center of the wheel. window 67 ot' the units counter has an inward extension in line with the J5 circle (see Figs. VIII. X and XI). It will be seen that by advancing the units wheel one notch at a time alternately 11; will be shown in the units window.
This counter is Iextremely The t The count-er in Figs. X and XI is a modification of that shown in Figs. VI to IX the actuation and windows being the same. The carrying means is ditferent. The units wheel has superposed on the ratchet toothed part 68 a circular disk fast thereto bearing the numbers and halves arranged identically with those .of the other counter. The tens wheel has concave faces 80 (one it'or each number) lwhich conform to the periphery 82 of the units wheel and allow it to turn nine tenth of a. revolution when the tooth 81 abuts and drops into a recess 79 and carries the tens wheel one step forward to lock the adjacent concave face to the rim of the units wheel. The tens wheel can have fastened to it` in a different plane, a disk like that in the units wheel to actuate a hundreds wheel.y and the series can be repeated indeii? nitely to meet the requirements of the denomination desired. The stepped housing. similar to the other counter. is required. rhis arrangement is not shown in the drawings.
It is desirable to have the counter which registers all the counting transactions, and keeps a total out' all tickets issued of the type .rhere the counter wheels are placed side by side on the same shaft. This counter is stationary and can be more conveniently placed and actuated than the train type preferred for thcseveral destinations. It. is also required by several railroads desiring ticket issuingr machines to have a printing counter, or ticket numbering device, capable of recording successively, instead of units, the value of the ticket issued. For example, when 700 fares have been issued that number was printed on the last ticket. Should now a t halt' ticket be called for the number printed 'on that ticket will be 700%. If next a iull 7 ticket is issued its number is 701%, etc. To meet this requirement I have provided the counter shown in Figs. XII to XV inclusive.
On the halt' wheel is a ratchet 85 similar to that on the units wheel 86. These wheels have number flanges S3 and 84 respectively. The numbers show in a register window 98. If used as a recorder no housing or dial is required. The illustration is in the form of a register instead of recorder. The bearing end support (Fig. XV) has a hole 94 t'or shaft to rest in. and a race-way 92. This race-way is shown in broken line in the position when assembled (Fig. XIII) in relation to a series of tace pins 88 in the face (of units wheel) adjacent to the half wheel. On the half wheel, on the units wheel side is a pawl 89 with a cross pin 87 at its'tree end extending through a clearance slot 9].. This pin rests in and is controlled by the race-way 92 and the other end extending toward the units wheel plays on the face pins 88 thereon. The counter is mounted on shaft 95, and inclosed and the between units and wheels of higher denomimany common nation is not shown as methods may be employed. y
The ticketl printed by the machine herein characterized is shown in Fig. XVIII and one modification thereof in Fig. XIX. This latter one is an excursion ticket. Good this4 day only 100 is put there on the ticket by means of a slug 101 on the .printing table Figs.- XVII and XVI which is held out of the 'printing position by a spring 107 and which is made to rise on cams to the printing level by means ofv a push arm 106. Operative meansto include this slug in` the printing form is not shown but it is obvioushow 'it can be done. Another modification for the'ticket is ha-li already described. The ticket Fig. XVII shows the position of the half 59 in dotted lines (one above and half below) with a. line between them.v l,
The number 102 placed on tickets can be consecutive, z'. e. in -Whole numbers only or it can be a countof the .faresin lterms of wholes and halves 4as already described under g counters. k;
The date 100 is -printed onthe ticket by a form 100 with removable type 104 in a case i and spacing 'slugs 103. This case can be removed'tochange the date.. The date can; be put onfthe. Iback ofthe ticket instead of' where shown, by means'of the ticket Shearing 'block 52 if it is so desired.
ment ofthe shearing block 52 by means of slot 41. In order that this block backs olif that the ticket 51 isfremovable the slot lis modified so.v that a hump 41- thcrein. is
,improved units and half counter disclosedin Figs. XII to XV.` It is mounted together with the prin-ting form like any of the commercial counters but it is actuated by means of an arm 96 thereon which in the upward travelpt the printing` table 9,.,onthe `push This device., is not shown, but-in brief consists of a date form resti-ng in platen block 10. The printing impact is made bythe forward moverod 8 abu'ts by means of aV pin 96 thereon against a lug 60a on the half determining slide 00, which is controlled by the half button 15. rifhe arm 06 is normally actuated a. unit step represented by the arm shown in lower position. Vhen the half key 15 is depressed the lug 60a is slid in the direction of the arrow and has its lug 60a out of the path oft' the pin 96a which during the impress Amovement of table is pulled down'to the intermediate position shown and represents a half count. Vhen the table recedes the arm 96. is returned by means of spring 108B .againststop pin 108C.
Various similar modifications in detail of construction4 to meet the requirements of the several railroads desiring such a machine may be made Without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Although having disclosed the construction of my half and unit-s counters in this specification I do not wish to ask for claims per se on them in this application, but will in due time, as the rules of practice allow, ask for such claims under separate application. That I wish to claim herewith is their necessary connection with the railroad ticket machine herein disclosed.
The claims are as follows;
1.v In' a mechanism of the type described and in combination, a destination selecting device constituting. a rotatable disk having radially extending destination printing plates with axially disposedtype thereon and a knob wherewith to bring any one of the plates desired into operative position and a` printing mechanism;
2. In a mechanism oi. the type described v' and in combination, a rotableV destination selecting diskl provided with radially extending destinationprinting plates, a printing table overlapping the plates and having printingorm ;including a plate receiving slot and capable of being impressed on a record together with that of the destination printing' plate, in operative position and a. platen and means for making the impression` said formy andy disk beingarranged for relative movement of translation.
In a machine of. the class described,
and in combination,lv a destination selecting mechanism consisting of a disk provided with a plurality of radially extending destination `printing-plates; a plurality of radially disposed counters, a counter for each plate, under said disk and visible through it and means for rotatingsaid disk to bring a sel.lectedplate and its counter into operative position. l
4. In a machine of the class described, and in combination, a destinationselecting mechanism consisting of a disk provided witha plurality of radially extending destination printing plates and means for ro- '.tatingsaid disk; a pluralityv of radially dis- Cil ` transaction.
posed destination counters, one for each plate, visible through the disk, to count its printing transactions; a common counter to keep a total of all the printing transactions; means for setting the desired destination plate into the operative position and a mechanism for actuating simultaneously both counters.
5. In a machine of the class described, and in combination, a destination selecting mechanism provided with a plurality of destination printing plates and a complemental plurality of destination counters each adapted to count by units and halves, as desired, and means for setting the desired destination plate and'its counters into the operative position. Y v
6. In a machine of the class described, and in combination, a plurality of destination printing plates and a complemental plural-l ity of destination counters each 'adapted to count by units and halves, as desired, means for setting the desired destination printing plate and its counter into operative position and means of taking the impression and operating the counter.
7. In a machine ot' the class described, and in combination, a plurality of destination printing plates and a complemental plurality oi destination counters each adapted to count by units and halves, as desired; a common counter to operate in consonance with the other' counters and to register their total, and means for setting the desired plate and its counter into the operative position.
8. In a mechanism ofthe class described,`
and in combination, a plurality of destination printing plates and 'a complemental plurality of destination counters each adapted to count by units and halves asv desired, a common counter to operate incoiisonance with the other counters and to` represent their total; means for scttin',g ,"tlie desired plate and its counter into the operative position and means forl makin-g the impression and operating the counters involved in thev 9. In a mechanism of the class described, and 1n combination, a series of destination printing plates; a series of destination coun-vl ters', one'for each plate, each adapted to count by units and," halves; means or'positioning thev desired plateand its counter in the operative position; a printing tablev comprising printing form and platen and means for making the impression and operating the counter involved. I
10. In a machine of the class described, and in combination, destination printing plates; destination counters, one for each plate each adapted to count by units and halves as desired; means for-placing the de sired destination printing plate and its counter into the operative position; a printing table comprising platen and printing forni with selective printing elements therein other than destination plates; manual means for including such elements in the operative form and means for making the impression and actuating the counter involved.
ll. In a machine of the class described, and in combination, selective destination printing plates; destination counters, one tor each plate each adapted to count by units and halves, but normally by units means ot' placing the desired destination printing plate and its counter into the operative position; a printing table comprising platen and printing form with a shiftable printing slug carrying half normally inoperative and means for placing said half slug into operative position which also dispositions the counter to count a half.
12. In a machine of the class described,
and in combination, selective desti-nation erative position Which also sets the counter i to count a. half and means for taking the impression of the forni set up and ot operating the counter involved.
13. In a machine of the class described, and in combination, selective vdestination printing plates; destination counters, one for each plate; a common counteigall counters adapted to count by units and halves, but normally by units, actuators for counters; means for setting the desired destination platewith its destination counter into operative position and means for setting counter actuators to count a half.l
14. In a mechanism of the class described, and in combination, selective destina-tion printing plates; destination counters, one for each plate, and a counter common to all plates, all adapted to count by units and 'halves through the medium of actuators, but
4normally by units; nie-ans for placing any plate and its counter into the operative position; a printing table comprising platen and vmechanism comprising a plurality of desti,-
nation printing plates and associated therewith respectively a plurality or' destination count-ers. each adapted to count by units and halves and means for shifting any of the lit) lfd
plates and its counter into the operative position; a common counter to act always in consonance with that destination counter operatively'positioned when printing takes place; common actuators for 'count-ers involved, which normally actua-te them byl units when printing takes place, a printing table comprising a platen and a. printing form with a shiftable printing slug, normally inoperative, bearing half thereon, and means for shifting said half slug into opera-tive posit-ion which also setscounter actuators to drive the counter involved a half.
16. In a machine 'of the character described and in combination, a destination selecting mechanism comprising a plurality of destination printing plates -and associated therewith respectively a plurality' of destination counters each adapted to count by units andhalves, and means' for setting any of the plates with itscounterinto the operative position, a printing adder associated lwith the printing forni to act 'always in consonance with that destination counter operatively positioned and Which progressively records the total of all the destination -counters on the printed form; counter and adderv drivers which normally actuate the counter positioned and adder by units; a printing' table comprising a platen vand printing i't'orin with a shiftable printing slug, normally` inoperative, bearing half thereon; meansl for.
shifting said half slug 'into operative 'pos'if tion' which also sets drivers for counters'to" add a half and means for actuating print-i,
ing mechanism and drivers forcouilifters'll 'f A,
17. In a machine of the classdescribed', and in combination, a series of movable printing plates together with a series of counters of which oneappertains to each plate and adapted normally, by means of a driver to count by units; a platen and printing torni common to all the plates, a hall printing slug normally omitted but adapted to be included in the printing form; a total adder with driver, normally actuating it b v units, appertaining to the printing form; means for shitting any desired destination printing plate and its con'iplemental counter into operative position and manually controlled mechanism for includingsaid slug into the printing form and of dispositioning said drivers of the counter involved and total adder to actuate them by a half.
18. In a machine of the class described, and in combination, a series of movable destination recording plates together with a series of destination counters of which one appertains to each plate; a counter common to all the plates; a printing device with printing form common to all the plates and having associated therewith a half printing slug normally omitted but adapted to be included in said printing form; a total adder appertaining to the printing form;
each counter adapted to count by units and halves and means for bringing any plate with its counter into operative position with vrespect to vthe printingniechanism; printing mechanism including a 1 printing form with Selective'printingelements to issue either a full ,or la half fare ticket to the destination represented by the plate inthe operative position; a common actuatorlfor'the counters vand operative means to 'determine whether'the form for a full or ahalf fare ticket shall be set 'up Vand whether the counter involved' shall be actuated a unit or a half," during theprin'ting act.
l' -20.j-f`In af 'machine of the character described and in* combination J'a printing' mech- 'anisir'n a` paper feeding mechanism including apaper' roll,y a'plunger element by which lsait @mechanisms are' operated,A a' spring "catch" Itendingggfto"1ock^'the' plunger element,
and a lever aetuated by the paper roll and adapted' to restrainlan'd .free said catch.
21. In a machine of the class described, and in combination, a printing mechanism including inkingga paper feeding mecha-` nism; means for operating them and means for locking said parts against operation when the paper roll is substantially eX- hausted said locking means consisting of a weight arm, of a timing lever, supported on the roll a spring pressed release mechanism with plunger, and a notch in the operating rod to engage it unyieldingly until reset and held open by new roll.
22. In a machine of the class described and in combination, a paper feeding mechanism including also a ticket delivery slot having one fixed and one movable Wall, and having a removable date-printing form operative in fixed wall; a movable ticket cuttingoff block forming the other face wall of the slot by means of which the slot is opened and closed, and adapted to serve as a platen for the date form opposed to stamp date on back of ticket, said block having a cutting edge below to coperate with iXed edge opposed to cut oil ticket and means for operating the block.
23. In a machine of the class described, and in combination; a platen; a print-ing table having ticket form and a vacant space thereon to be occupied by the destination plate selected to complete the type form for the ticket and said printingtable adapted to with the form together with the rotatable,
axially movable disk constituting the selector, to which it is rigidly attached, to the printing level.
24. In a machine of the character described, and in combination, a platen; a printing table provided With a printing forni and a vacant space therein, adapted to be occupied by a destination plate to cornplete the ticket form, and said printing table having counter actuating mechanism assooiated therewith, adapted to movel With it when printing; a series of destination printing plates radially extending from a rotatable disk, axially movable also, and having turningl means thereon. adapted `to sweep the plates over the table to place any one thereof in position over the vacant space provided in the printing form; a series of destination counters, one for each plate in. ixed relation to it, under the disk and readable through it,
and means to lift the printing table against the platen to print, in which movement it first rises to place the superpositioned plate in the type forni, which period constitutes the lost motion between selector disk, with plates and counters thereon, and printing table, and during which the actuator advances the counter, then all are lifted en masse until type strikes platen.
25. In a machine 01"' the class described, and in combination, a printing mechanism including a selective printing forni of which one element is a Good this day only printing slug or its equivalent which element is normally inoperative but with means for including it operatively; a series of destination printing plates and selec-tive means to make any one suchplate operative with the printing forni; a series of destination counters, one for each' destination plate except for places to Which there are frequent excursions tivo counters for each plate of which one is normally inoperative when its plate is operative for regular tickets but adapted to be made operative when the Good this day only slug is operative, a driver to actuat-e the counter of the plate operative and means 'tor including operatively the Good this day only slug and of shifting the driver so as to a-ctuate the excursion ticket counter instead of the regular ticket counter of the destination printed with the ticket form.
JOSEPH H. BAIR.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. C."
US19895717A 1917-10-29 1917-10-29 Railroad-ticket-printing audit-keeping machine. Expired - Lifetime US1288470A (en)

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