US1282411A - Soldier's protector. - Google Patents

Soldier's protector. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1282411A
US1282411A US24740118A US1282411A US 1282411 A US1282411 A US 1282411A US 24740118 A US24740118 A US 24740118A US 1282411 A US1282411 A US 1282411A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
shield
protector
plates
soldier
backing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Stanislaw Golembiowski
Original Assignee
Stanislaw Golembiowski
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H1/00Personal protection gear
    • F41H1/02Armoured or projectile- or missile-resistant garments; Composite protection fabrics
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/02Plate construction
    • F41H5/04Plate construction composed of more than one layer
    • F41H5/0492Layered armour containing hard elements, e.g. plates, spheres, rods, separated from each other, the elements being connected to a further flexible layer or being embedded in a plastics or an elastomer matrix
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/06Shields
    • F41H5/08Shields for personal use, i.e. hand held shields
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10S428/911Penetration resistant layer
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T152/00Resilient tires and wheels
    • Y10T152/10Tires, resilient
    • Y10T152/10135Armored
    • Y10T152/10171Casing construction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/16Two dimensionally sectional layer
    • Y10T428/163Next to unitary web or sheet of equal or greater extent
    • Y10T428/168Nonrectangular
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/16Two dimensionally sectional layer
    • Y10T428/169Sections connected flexibly with external fastener
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24273Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including aperture
    • Y10T428/24322Composite web or sheet
    • Y10T428/24331Composite web or sheet including nonapertured component
    • Y10T428/24339Keyed
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24628Nonplanar uniform thickness material
    • Y10T428/24669Aligned or parallel nonplanarities
    • Y10T428/24686Pleats or otherwise parallel adjacent folds

Description

S. GOLEMBIOWSKI.

SOLDIERS PROTECTOR.

APPLICATION HLED JULY 30.1918.

Patented Oct. 22, 1918.

a L W H n n We [1 ..u J L; an

FIGQ 3.

S. GOLEMBIOWSKI.

SOLDIER'S PROTECTOR.

m'ucmon FILED JULY 30. ms.

Patented Oct. 22, 1918.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- rnr mun pun: ca. nnomunm. Iveumcmn. a c.

UNITED PATENT OFFICE.

SOLDIEBS PROTECTOR.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Oct. 22, 1918.

Application filed July 30, 1918. Serial No. 247,401.

7 '0 all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, STANISLAW GOLEM- mowsnl, subject of the Emperor of Austria, having declared my intention to become a citizen of the United States of America, residing at South Bethlehem, in the county of Northampton and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Soldiers Protectors, of which the following is a specification.

The primary object of the invention is the provision of a protector or armor shield adapted to be worn by soldiers toprevent injury from bullets and so constructed as to be comfortable to the wearer and being bullet-proof.

A further object of the invention is the provision of an armor or shield which is readily attached to the body of a soldier and is provided with bullet-proof members relatively shiftable rendering the shield slightly flexible for conforming to the shape as well as the movements of the body to which the device is attached.

My invention will now be specifically described in connection with the accompanying drawings and in which like reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the device;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of a portion thereof;

Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken upon line III-III of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 2 illustrating a slightly modified form of construction; and

Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken upon line- V-V of Fig. 4:.

Referring more in detail to the drawings, my invention broadly consists of a piece of canvaslO, substantially the shape of a shield, having a backing or lining 11 formed of cork or felt, the said backing and canvas being secured together by means of a suitable marginal binding 12. This shield formed of the canvas 10 and backing 11 is provided with a neck receiving cutaway portion 13 at its upper end and with curved cutaway portions 14 at its opposite upper corners adapted to accommodate the arms of the wearer. Attaching straps l5 and 16 are carried by the opposite sides of the shield adapted for encircling the body of the wearer beneath the arms for securing the shield to the body, a buckle 17 being provided upon the strap 15.

A plurality of bullet-proof plates 18 are secured in transverse rows upon the outer face of the canvas 10 in overlapping rela tions after the manner of shingles or gggles, each plate being pivoted to the shie d by means of a rivet 19 secured through the canvas 10 and the backing l1 and the upper portion of each shield.

The shield being secured upon the soldiers body by means of the straps 15 and 16, the plates 18 may swing slightly laterally, while the separate rows thereof may have relative movement by reason of the flexing of the shield when the same is forced to conform to the body of the wearer as well as during the movements of the'wearer. The device being flexible, renders the same comfortable to wear, while the soldier is protected from oncoming missiles by the armor plates 18.

A modified form of construction is illustrated in Figs. 4c and 5 of the drawings and in which rectangular armor plates 18 are provided secured to a canvas shield 10 having a felt backing 11 by means of lacings 19 sewed transversely across the upper portions of the plates 1.8 and through the canvas and felt shield. The plates 18 are provided in rows transversely of the shield with the plates of the separate rows assembled in overlapped relations so as to break joints throughout the exterior surface of the plate covered ortion of the shield.

The p ates 18 being pivoted to the shield by the rivets 19 have curved lower edges 20 permitting relative lateral shifting of the plates 18 while the plates 18 being rectanguhr in form and secured across their upper ends to the shield are incapable of lateral shifting although freely permitting the flexing of the shield upon the body of the wearer. It will be understood that my invention may be mounted either upon the chest or the back of a soldier, while two of the same may be employed if desired for protecting both the front and back of the wearer. The shield extends downwardly any suitable length and the backing 11 is preferably formed of cork when the shield is to be employed in warm weather while the backing may be formed of felt for use in the winter time.

What I claim as new is 1. A protector comprising a canvas shield, a cork backing secured to the shield, rows of shielcl plates having curved lower ends po Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the sitioned in overlapping rows upon the outer 10 STANISLAVV GOLEMBIOWSKI.

"Commissioner of Patents,

Washington, D. 0.

US1282411A 1918-07-30 1918-07-30 Soldier's protector. Expired - Lifetime US1282411A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1282411A US1282411A (en) 1918-07-30 1918-07-30 Soldier's protector.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1282411A US1282411A (en) 1918-07-30 1918-07-30 Soldier's protector.

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US1282411A true US1282411A (en) 1918-10-22

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Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2696006A (en) * 1951-02-19 1954-12-07 Clarence M Tuck Insulating material
US2819759A (en) * 1955-03-28 1958-01-14 Metal Textile Corp Flame barrier material
US3867239A (en) * 1973-06-11 1975-02-18 Us Army Body armor construction
US4422561A (en) * 1981-05-18 1983-12-27 Imi Marston Limited Fuel tank component
US4546492A (en) * 1983-03-18 1985-10-15 Moray Industries Limited Garments and/or methods of protecting garments
US4648136A (en) * 1985-08-16 1987-03-10 C. Itoh & Co., Ltd. Human body protector
US4810559A (en) * 1987-04-09 1989-03-07 Drospo Inc. Fabric with wear and abrasion resistant platelets
US4951689A (en) * 1988-06-17 1990-08-28 Jones J Paul Armoring system for protective body covers
US6035438A (en) * 1999-04-30 2000-03-14 Neal; Murray L. Method and apparatus for defeating ballistic projectiles
WO2000024276A2 (en) * 1998-10-26 2000-05-04 Warwick Mills, Inc. Penetration resistant garment
US6170378B1 (en) 1998-11-09 2001-01-09 Murray L. Neal Method and apparatus for defeating high-velocity projectiles
US6266818B1 (en) * 1998-10-26 2001-07-31 Warwick Mills Inc Penetration resistant garment
DE10047977A1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2002-04-04 Ct Technologico Das Ind Textil Penetration-resistant protective layer, and process for their preparation
US6510777B2 (en) 1999-04-30 2003-01-28 Pinnacle Armor, Llc Encapsulated imbricated armor system
WO2003083401A1 (en) * 2002-03-22 2003-10-09 Yoshida Sports, Inc. Protective structure for a travel case
US20050223477A1 (en) * 2003-11-24 2005-10-13 Np Aerospace Limited Plate assembly
US20070094762A1 (en) * 2005-10-19 2007-05-03 Nike, Inc. Article of apparel with material elements having a reversible structure
US20070137471A1 (en) * 2005-12-16 2007-06-21 Robert Mazur Modular functional star-disc system
US20070234458A1 (en) * 2005-09-15 2007-10-11 Federal Covers & Textiles, Inc. Composite segmented flexible armor
US20080193693A1 (en) * 2007-02-14 2008-08-14 Us Armor Corporation Anti-stab and antiballistic foraminous structures
US20100024100A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Nike, Inc. Layered Apparel With Attachable And Detachable Elements
US20100024089A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Nike, Inc. Apparel With Selectively Attachable And Detachable Elements
US8434396B1 (en) 2007-07-23 2013-05-07 Verco Materials, Llc Armor arrangement
US8683618B2 (en) 2009-09-24 2014-04-01 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US8702895B2 (en) 2010-04-07 2014-04-22 Nike, Inc. Cushioning elements for apparel and other products and methods of manufacturing the cushioning elements
US8713719B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2014-05-06 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element and method of use
US8719965B2 (en) 2009-09-24 2014-05-13 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US8764931B2 (en) 2011-05-19 2014-07-01 Nike, Inc. Method of manufacturing cushioning elements for apparel and other products
US20140259323A1 (en) * 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 Nike, Inc. Multi-Component Impact Protection Device For Athletics
US20150164173A1 (en) * 2013-12-16 2015-06-18 J. Stephen West Helmet with external scales
US20150247705A1 (en) * 2013-10-01 2015-09-03 Mission Ready Services, Inc. Integrated Body Armor Garment
US9149084B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2015-10-06 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element and method for making
US9386812B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2016-07-12 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements
US9398779B2 (en) 2011-02-25 2016-07-26 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements and methods of manufacturing the articles of apparel
US9505203B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2016-11-29 Nike, Inc. Method of manufacturing dye-sublimation printed elements
US9675122B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2017-06-13 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US10034498B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2018-07-31 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements

Cited By (53)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2696006A (en) * 1951-02-19 1954-12-07 Clarence M Tuck Insulating material
US2819759A (en) * 1955-03-28 1958-01-14 Metal Textile Corp Flame barrier material
US3867239A (en) * 1973-06-11 1975-02-18 Us Army Body armor construction
US4422561A (en) * 1981-05-18 1983-12-27 Imi Marston Limited Fuel tank component
US4546492A (en) * 1983-03-18 1985-10-15 Moray Industries Limited Garments and/or methods of protecting garments
US4648136A (en) * 1985-08-16 1987-03-10 C. Itoh & Co., Ltd. Human body protector
EP0226265A1 (en) * 1985-08-16 1987-06-24 C. Itoh & Co., Ltd. Human body protector
US4810559A (en) * 1987-04-09 1989-03-07 Drospo Inc. Fabric with wear and abrasion resistant platelets
US4951689A (en) * 1988-06-17 1990-08-28 Jones J Paul Armoring system for protective body covers
US6266818B1 (en) * 1998-10-26 2001-07-31 Warwick Mills Inc Penetration resistant garment
US6543055B2 (en) 1998-10-26 2003-04-08 Warwick Mills, Inc. Penetration resistant garment
WO2000024276A2 (en) * 1998-10-26 2000-05-04 Warwick Mills, Inc. Penetration resistant garment
WO2000024276A3 (en) * 1998-10-26 2000-11-16 Warwick Mills Inc Penetration resistant garment
US6170378B1 (en) 1998-11-09 2001-01-09 Murray L. Neal Method and apparatus for defeating high-velocity projectiles
US8069768B2 (en) 1999-04-30 2011-12-06 American Development Group International LLC Method and apparatus for defeating ballistic projectiles
US6510777B2 (en) 1999-04-30 2003-01-28 Pinnacle Armor, Llc Encapsulated imbricated armor system
US6035438A (en) * 1999-04-30 2000-03-14 Neal; Murray L. Method and apparatus for defeating ballistic projectiles
US6745661B1 (en) 1999-04-30 2004-06-08 Pinnacle Armor, Inc. Method and apparatus for defeating ballistic projectiles
US8047116B2 (en) 1999-04-30 2011-11-01 American Development Group International, Llc Method and apparatus for defeating ballistic projectiles
US20100192761A1 (en) * 1999-04-30 2010-08-05 American Development Group International, Llc Method and apparatus for defeating ballistic projectiles
DE10047977B4 (en) * 2000-09-20 2005-06-16 Centro Technólogico das Indústrias Textil e do Vestuário de Portugal Penetration-resistant protective layer
DE10047977A1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2002-04-04 Ct Technologico Das Ind Textil Penetration-resistant protective layer, and process for their preparation
WO2003083401A1 (en) * 2002-03-22 2003-10-09 Yoshida Sports, Inc. Protective structure for a travel case
US6953111B2 (en) 2002-03-22 2005-10-11 Yoshida Sports, Inc. Protective structure for a travel case
US20050223477A1 (en) * 2003-11-24 2005-10-13 Np Aerospace Limited Plate assembly
US8201279B1 (en) 2003-11-24 2012-06-19 Np Aerospace Limited Plate assembly
US7430768B2 (en) * 2003-11-24 2008-10-07 Np Aerospace Limited Plate assembly
US20070234458A1 (en) * 2005-09-15 2007-10-11 Federal Covers & Textiles, Inc. Composite segmented flexible armor
US8336117B2 (en) * 2005-10-19 2012-12-25 Nike, Inc. Article of apparel with material elements having a reversible structure
US20070094762A1 (en) * 2005-10-19 2007-05-03 Nike, Inc. Article of apparel with material elements having a reversible structure
US7500422B2 (en) 2005-12-16 2009-03-10 Robert Mazur Modular functional star-disc system
US20070137471A1 (en) * 2005-12-16 2007-06-21 Robert Mazur Modular functional star-disc system
US20080193693A1 (en) * 2007-02-14 2008-08-14 Us Armor Corporation Anti-stab and antiballistic foraminous structures
US8434396B1 (en) 2007-07-23 2013-05-07 Verco Materials, Llc Armor arrangement
US20100024100A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Nike, Inc. Layered Apparel With Attachable And Detachable Elements
US20100024089A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Nike, Inc. Apparel With Selectively Attachable And Detachable Elements
US9675122B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2017-06-13 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US9149084B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2015-10-06 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element and method for making
US8713719B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2014-05-06 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element and method of use
US8683618B2 (en) 2009-09-24 2014-04-01 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US8719965B2 (en) 2009-09-24 2014-05-13 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US8702895B2 (en) 2010-04-07 2014-04-22 Nike, Inc. Cushioning elements for apparel and other products and methods of manufacturing the cushioning elements
US9505203B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2016-11-29 Nike, Inc. Method of manufacturing dye-sublimation printed elements
US9756884B2 (en) 2011-02-25 2017-09-12 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements and methods of manufacturing the articles of apparel
US9398779B2 (en) 2011-02-25 2016-07-26 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements and methods of manufacturing the articles of apparel
US8764931B2 (en) 2011-05-19 2014-07-01 Nike, Inc. Method of manufacturing cushioning elements for apparel and other products
US9386812B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2016-07-12 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements
US10034498B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2018-07-31 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements
US9101171B2 (en) * 2013-03-12 2015-08-11 Nike, Inc. Multi-component impact protection device for athletics
US20140259323A1 (en) * 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 Nike, Inc. Multi-Component Impact Protection Device For Athletics
US9823050B2 (en) * 2013-10-01 2017-11-21 Mission Ready Services, Inc. Integrated body armor garment
US20150247705A1 (en) * 2013-10-01 2015-09-03 Mission Ready Services, Inc. Integrated Body Armor Garment
US20150164173A1 (en) * 2013-12-16 2015-06-18 J. Stephen West Helmet with external scales

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