US1282320A - Latch mechanism for doors. - Google Patents

Latch mechanism for doors. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1282320A
US1282320A US19240917A US1282320A US 1282320 A US1282320 A US 1282320A US 19240917 A US19240917 A US 19240917A US 1282320 A US1282320 A US 1282320A
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Prior art keywords
door
latch
bar
move
bolts
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Irvin R Timlin
Herman W Quernheim
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Irvin R Timlin
Herman W Quernheim
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Application filed by Irvin R Timlin, Herman W Quernheim filed Critical Irvin R Timlin
Priority to US19240917 priority Critical patent/US1282320A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1282320A publication Critical patent/US1282320A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B65/00Locks or fastenings for special use
    • E05B65/10Locks or fastenings for special use for panic or emergency doors
    • E05B65/1006Locks or fastenings for special use for panic or emergency doors of the vertical rod type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10S292/21Individually latched double doors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0801Multiple
    • Y10T292/0822Emergency operating means

Description

I. R.T|M|.1N & H. W. QUERNHEIM.

LATCH MECHANISM FOR DOORS.

APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 20, 1917.

1,282,320, Patented; Oct. 22, 1918.

UNETED %TATE% PATENT OFFTOE.

IBVIN R. TIMLIN' AND HERMAN W. QUERNHEIM, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.

LATCH MECHANISM FOR DOORS.

Application filed September 20, 1917.

To all whom it may concern:

Be 1t known that we, IRVIN R. TIMLIN and HERMAN W. QUERNHEIM, citizens of the United States, residing at the city of St. Louis and State of Missouri. have invented a new and useful Latch Mechanism for Doors, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to latch mechanism for doors.

An object of the invention is to provide an improved lock or latch for holding a fire door' closed including lock or latch bolts near the upper and lower ends of the fire door, and an intermediate lock or latch bolt, in combination with improved mechanism for releasing the latches to enable the door to be opened.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved fi're door having a lock or latch bolt near each end thereof and an intermediate lock or latch bolt, and connections between all of the latch bolts whereby operation of the intermediate one will also operate the others, and means for operating the intermediate latch bolt.

Other objects will appear from the follow ing description, reference being made to the drawings, illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention in which Figure 1 is a side elevation of a door embodving our invention.

Fig. 2 is an edge elevation of the door.

Fig. 3 is a view illustrating the upper latch.

Fig. 4 is a broken elevation illustrating all of the latches.

Fig. 5 is another elevation illustrating all of the latches from a diflerent point of view.

Fig. 6 is a view illustrating the device for controlling the latches by which they are enabled to move automatically to latching position as an incident to closing of the door.

Fig. 7 is a sectional view on the line 7-7 of Fig. 4.

The door is of the hollow drawn steel type to be supported by any appropriate hinges.

The latching edge of the door incloses a latch case 1 in which is mounted a sliding latch bolt 2 under control of an actuator lever 3 of usual construction and arrangement, by which the latch bolt is actuated inwardly when the door is closed. The inner end of the latch bolt 2 is connected to a lever 4 which may be actuated by the actuator member 5 through which passes the knob Specification of Letters I atent.

Patented Oct. 22, 1218.

Serial No. 192,409.

shank 6. As a result of this arrangement the lever 4 may be actuated by turning the knob shankin either direction, it being understood that the knob shank may be pro vided with the usual knobs 7.

A bell crank lever 8 is pivoted on a support 9 in the latch case 1. One arm of the bell crank lever has a slot 10 receiving a pin 11 on the latch bolt 2, and the other arm of the lever has a pin 12 extending into a slot in a vertical bar 13.

Near the upper end of the door another latch is provided including a sliding. latch bolt 14, operating in guides 15. A bell crank lever 16 is pivoted on a support 17. One arm of the bell crank lever 16 has a slot 18 receiving a pin 19 on the latch bolt 14, and the other arm of the bell crank lever has a pin 20 engaging the bar 13..

Near the lower end'of the door a similar latch is provided including a latch bolt 21 operating in guides 22. A bell crank lever 23 is pivoted on a support 24. One arm of the bell crank lever 23 has a slot 25 receiving a pin 26 on the latch bolt 21, and the other arm of the bell crank lever has a pin 27 engaging with the bar 13.

Asa result of this construction it is apparent that operation of the releasing devices for the latch bolt 2 will move the bar 13 to release the latches 14 and 21 at the same time that the latch 2 is released. It is also apparent that the weight of the bar 13 is sufficient to move the latch bolts outwardly and latch them when the door is closed.

It is desirable to support the bar 13 to hold the latch bolts inwardly when the door is open. For this purpose we provide a pawl 28 pivoted on a support 29 and adapted to engage with ratchet teeth 30 on a plate 31 secured to the upper end of the sliding bar 13. The pawl is actuated into engagement with the teeth 30 by a weight 32, so that when the door is opened the bar 13 will be latched in its upper position thereby holding all of the latch bolts within the door.

We provide means for automatically releasing the pawl 28 as an incident to closing of the door. Said means includes an arm 33 in connection with the pawl 28 and an extension 34 on said arm extending through the side of the door and arranged to contact with the door frame when the door is closed, and thus release the pawl 28 from the teeth 30.

It may be desirable on some occasions also to provide what is designated as a panic door, whereby the latches may be quickly released without the use of knobs. We have illustrated such a device comprising a bar extending across the door and supported by levers 36. One of the levers 36 (Fig. 5) engages under an arm 37 on the sliding bar 13, so that said bar 13 will be raised by pressing the panic bar 35 toward the door. In this way all of the latches are released without the use of any knobs which may be omitted if desired when the panic door is used.

From the foregoing it will be understood that our improved door dispenses with the use of springs and similar devices which are not usually approved in devices of this character. The latches are automatically retained within the door when the door is opened and are automatically released and moved to latching engagement with the keepers in the door frame as an incident to closing of the door.

What we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1-. In a door, the combination of a plurality of latch bolts a vertically movable bar, bell crank levers connecting said latch bolts and said bar whereby movement of said bar in an upward direction will move said latch bolts to unlatching positions, and movement of said bar in a downward direction will move said bolts to latching positions, an actuator mounted for rocking movements and arranged to move one of said latch bolts to unlatching position and thereby actuate said bar to move the remaining latch bolts-to unlatching positions when said Copies of this patent may be obtained for ity of latch bolts, a vertically movable bar,

levers connecting said bar with said latch bolts whereby upward movement of said bar will move said latch bolts to unlatching positions and downward movement of said bar will move said latch bolts to latching positions, an actuator mounted for rocking movements and arranged to move one of said latch bolts to unlatching position and thereby actuate said bar to move the remaining latch bolts to unlatching positions when said actuator is rocked in either one of two directions, levers extending outwardly at one side of the door, a bar supported by said levers transversely of the door, and a connection between one of said last-named levers and said vertically movable bar, whereby movement of said lastnamed bar toward the door will move said vertically movable bar upwardly and thereby move all of said latch bolts to unlatching positions while said actuator remains stationary in the position which it occupies when all of said latch bolts are in latching positions.

IRVIN R. i HERMAN w. QUERNHEIM.

five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.

US19240917 1917-09-20 1917-09-20 Latch mechanism for doors. Expired - Lifetime US1282320A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US19240917 US1282320A (en) 1917-09-20 1917-09-20 Latch mechanism for doors.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US19240917 US1282320A (en) 1917-09-20 1917-09-20 Latch mechanism for doors.

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US1282320A true US1282320A (en) 1918-10-22

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5524941A (en) * 1992-01-14 1996-06-11 W&F Manufacturing Inc. A California Corp. Multipoint door lock assembly
US20070273158A1 (en) * 2006-05-16 2007-11-29 Securitech Group, Inc. Multi-point exit door lock and method of installation
WO2015176695A1 (en) * 2014-05-20 2015-11-26 Niewöhner Industrie Gmbh & Co. Kg Panic lock device for an escape door of a sectional door or of a sectional lift and fold door
US20160208525A1 (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-07-21 Schlage Lock Company Llc Adjustable dead-latching bolt mechanisms

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5524941A (en) * 1992-01-14 1996-06-11 W&F Manufacturing Inc. A California Corp. Multipoint door lock assembly
US20070273158A1 (en) * 2006-05-16 2007-11-29 Securitech Group, Inc. Multi-point exit door lock and method of installation
US9074392B2 (en) 2006-05-16 2015-07-07 Securitech Group, Inc. Multi-point exit door lock and method of installation
WO2015176695A1 (en) * 2014-05-20 2015-11-26 Niewöhner Industrie Gmbh & Co. Kg Panic lock device for an escape door of a sectional door or of a sectional lift and fold door
US20160208525A1 (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-07-21 Schlage Lock Company Llc Adjustable dead-latching bolt mechanisms
US10435927B2 (en) * 2015-01-20 2019-10-08 Schlage Lock Company Llc Adjust dead-latching bolt mechanisms

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