US1275511A - Refrigerator. - Google Patents

Refrigerator. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1275511A
US1275511A US21876018A US1275511A US 1275511 A US1275511 A US 1275511A US 21876018 A US21876018 A US 21876018A US 1275511 A US1275511 A US 1275511A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
door
refrigerator
shelf
frame
panel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
James Welch
Original Assignee
James Welch
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Publication date
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D23/00General constructional features
    • F25D23/02Doors; Covers
    • F25D23/025Secondary closures
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B51/00Cabinets with means for moving compartments up and down
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0801Multiple

Description

I. WELCH.

REFRlGERATOR.

I APPLICATION FILED FEB. 23. 1918 1 ,275 ,5 1 1 Patented Aug. 13, 1918.

2 SHEETS-SHEET L ii ppm; 2 1 5 Ni '1 A? /6. 2. 1|, z i h J l I /5 I INVENTOH ATTORNEY J. WELCH.

REFRIGERATOR.

APPLICATION FILED FEB. 23, I918.

1,27 5,5 1 1. Patented Aug. 13, 1918.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

INVENTOR Jar/Yes We/cfi WW xmww.

D W ATTORNEY JAMES WELCH, or WATERBURY, CONNECTICUT.

REFRIGERATOR.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. 13, I918.

Application filed February 23, 1918. Serial No. 218,760.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, JAMES WELCH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Waterbury, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Befrigerators, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to furniture, and more especially to refrigerators; and the object of the same is to provide means to avoid opening the refrigerator (1001111111311 it becomes absolutely necessary.

This object is carried out by hlnging one or more panels of the door within its own frame, and lettingcach end hinged panel carry a shelf standlng normally inside the refrigerator body, but swingmg when de sired out through an opening in vthe door so that the remaining portion of the door structure does not need to be opened to gain access to what is on the shelf.

Other objects will appear from the following specification, and reference is made to the drawings, wheremz- Figure 1 is a perspective view of this entire refrigerator with its doors and one panel open,

Fig. -2 is an end elevation of the same, looking at the inside of the frontdoor whose panels are here closed,

. Fig. 3 is a lan view,

Fig. 4 is a ront elevation, and

Figs. 5 and 6 are sectional detalls.

The general structure of this refrigerator comprises corner posts 1 connected by ends 2, a back 3, and a bottom 4, leaving the front and the top open. Within the latter is an ice compartment 5 having the usual dra1n pipe 6, and a small compartment 7 ad acent the ice as for milk; and individual doors 8 and 9 give access to these compartments from the top. The walls of this structure may be packed with asbestos or other nonconductor, as indicated in section 1n Flg. 5, and the packing may be continued across the bottom and may be contained within the top doors 8 and 9, but the main or front door is peculiarly constructed as w1ll be seen below.

The door frame 10 is connected at 11 by main hinges with one corner post, and its free edge carries one or more keepers 12 for latches 13 of any appropriate character but usually such as are employed on a refrigerator, and also may have a handle 14.

- which in th Thus the door may be swung open, or may be swung closed and latched as seen in Fig.

By preference the door is constructed of two panels, separated by a cross bar 15 e present case connects the side bars of the door frame, leaving openings through the frame above and below. I would have it clear, however, that I am not limited to the number, disposition or size and shape of these is mounted a panel 16 which may be glass if desired, the panel being disposed within its own frame 17 and the frame'hinged at 18 within the main frame 10. As best seen openings. Within each in Fig. 4, the hinges are at one end of the smaller frame 17 and a spring latch 19 connects the other end of this frame with the main frame 10. However, I do not wish to be confined to the particular form of latches employed, as the latch on the panels may duplicate that which holds the main door frame, closed, and the widest latitude in this respect will be left to the manufacturer. I prefer, for reasons which will appear below, that the panels of the door be transverse ones as far as possible. Each frame now carries at the inside of its panel 16 a shelf 20 as best seen in Fig. 1, that corner of the shelf near the free end of the smaller door being rounded ofl as at 21, while the other end of the shelf is supported from the small door frame as shown at 22. The upper shelf is disposed just where it will slide over the cross bar 15 of the main door frame, and in addition there may be provided on the interior of the refrigerator structure a series of rollers 23 whose trunnions 24 are mounted in bearings 25 secured to the end walls 2, but the line of rollers should be directly opposite the upper edge of the cross bar 15. Now when the main door is closed and then the smaller door swung closed, the shelf passes in over the cross bar and comes to rest upon the several rollers, and therefore if the shelf 6 contains a quite heavy load of meat, vegetables, etc., it will be well supported onthese rollers and -on this cross bar rather than from its hinges which might be inclined to become worn or broken. The lower door, as again seen in Fig. 1, will by preference be so disposed that its shelf may swing in right over the bottom 4 of the refrigerator and rest thereon, so that a heavy load on this shelf may be equally well supported.

If the structure were larger and the main door had several cross bars, there might be a shelf just above each, with or without a corresponding row of rollers opposite the upper edge of each cross bar.

Now when this refrigerator is being used, if it should be desired to take something off the upper shelf, it is only necessary to disconnect the latch 19 and swing the upper panel 16 out a little at its free end so that one can reach onto the shelf 20 and take ofi an apple or whatever is desired. The panel itself is then immediately closed to its usual position, when the frame 17 of the small door overlies the edge of the opening in the frame 10 of the large door and effectually seals the structure against the escape of refrigerated air. Attention is invited to the fact that the main door is not ordinarily opened at 11. In the usual construction of refrigerators the entire front must be opened when this door is swung at all, even though the user wants only to get a tomato or a single small article ofl of one of the shelves in the interior. The result is the escape of refrigerated air and inlet of warm air, and the temperature within the refrigerator rises to such an extent that it takes some time to restore it. The rounding off of the free or swinging end of the shelf is also of advantage. By this means it is quite possible to have the shelf occupy a considera e portion of the interior of the refrigerator ody, perhaps to the extent of leading all the way to the back 3. The use of the upper edge of the cross bar 15 as a support for so long a panel as that numbered; 16 and so long a shelf as that numered 20 is also a feature of the present invention. I do not wish to be confined to particulars of construction which do not enter into the gist of this invention.

What is claimed as new is 1. A refrigerator having an open front, and a series of rollers mounted across the body of the refrigerator on a single horizontal plane; combined with a hinged door to close said front, a panel movably mounted within an opening in said door, and a shelf carried by. said panel and adapted to be moved inwardly over and to be supported by said rollers when the panel is closed.

2. A refrigerator having an open front, and a series of rollers mounted across the body of the refrigerator on a single hori zontal plane; combined with a door hinged at one side within said opening and latched at its other side when it is closed, the door having a transverse opening through its body, and a small door hinged at one end within said opening adjacent the hinges of the main door and having along its inner face a horizontal shelf adapted to be moved over and supported by said rollers when said doors are closed.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

. JAMES WELCH. 'Witnesses:

THOS. F. DILLANE, DENNIS E. Monomer.

US1275511A 1918-02-23 1918-02-23 Refrigerator. Expired - Lifetime US1275511A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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US1275511A US1275511A (en) 1918-02-23 1918-02-23 Refrigerator.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1275511A US1275511A (en) 1918-02-23 1918-02-23 Refrigerator.

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US1275511A true US1275511A (en) 1918-08-13

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2803512A (en) * 1956-08-06 1957-08-20 Philip H Band Multi-compartment cabinet structure
US3602007A (en) * 1969-10-16 1971-08-31 Gen Electric Refrigerator including through-the-door ice service
US4914340A (en) * 1989-04-24 1990-04-03 Tfc Corporation Trash compactor loading door construction
US20050135068A1 (en) * 2003-12-17 2005-06-23 Huff Brian E. Electronic equipment enclosure
US20070175837A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-08-02 Furman Lawrence J System and method for providing access to the keyboard and display assembly of rack mounted computing systems when the rack door remains closed
US20100307188A1 (en) * 2009-06-03 2010-12-09 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator
US20100308705A1 (en) * 2009-06-03 2010-12-09 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator
US20110023527A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator
US20110023528A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator
US20110030416A1 (en) * 2009-08-07 2011-02-10 Hoffman John S Refrigerator Door Configuration
US20110239675A1 (en) * 2010-04-01 2011-10-06 The Coca-Cola Company Chest Cooler
US20120286638A1 (en) * 2010-02-01 2012-11-15 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator and method for controlling the same
US8752918B2 (en) 2011-08-05 2014-06-17 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator with inner door
US8944534B2 (en) 2010-08-20 2015-02-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator includes a second door disposed on a first door, a shelf disposed on the first door, a connection assembly connecting the shelf to the second door and linking opening of the second door to rotate the shelf
US9170045B2 (en) 2010-01-04 2015-10-27 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator including multiple storage compartments
US9599392B2 (en) 2014-02-24 2017-03-21 Whirlpool Corporation Folding approach to create a 3D vacuum insulated door from 2D flat vacuum insulation panels
US9689604B2 (en) 2014-02-24 2017-06-27 Whirlpool Corporation Multi-section core vacuum insulation panels with hybrid barrier film envelope
US9752818B2 (en) 2015-12-22 2017-09-05 Whirlpool Corporation Umbilical for pass through in vacuum insulated refrigerator structures
US9833942B2 (en) 2012-04-11 2017-12-05 Whirlpool Corporation Method to create vacuum insulated cabinets for refrigerators
US9835369B2 (en) 2012-04-02 2017-12-05 Whirlpool Corporation Vacuum insulated structure tubular cabinet construction
US9840042B2 (en) 2015-12-22 2017-12-12 Whirlpool Corporation Adhesively secured vacuum insulated panels for refrigerators
US10018406B2 (en) 2015-12-28 2018-07-10 Whirlpool Corporation Multi-layer gas barrier materials for vacuum insulated structure
US10030905B2 (en) 2015-12-29 2018-07-24 Whirlpool Corporation Method of fabricating a vacuum insulated appliance structure
US10041724B2 (en) 2015-12-08 2018-08-07 Whirlpool Corporation Methods for dispensing and compacting insulation materials into a vacuum sealed structure
US10052819B2 (en) 2014-02-24 2018-08-21 Whirlpool Corporation Vacuum packaged 3D vacuum insulated door structure and method therefor using a tooling fixture

Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2803512A (en) * 1956-08-06 1957-08-20 Philip H Band Multi-compartment cabinet structure
US3602007A (en) * 1969-10-16 1971-08-31 Gen Electric Refrigerator including through-the-door ice service
US4914340A (en) * 1989-04-24 1990-04-03 Tfc Corporation Trash compactor loading door construction
US20050135068A1 (en) * 2003-12-17 2005-06-23 Huff Brian E. Electronic equipment enclosure
US20070175837A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-08-02 Furman Lawrence J System and method for providing access to the keyboard and display assembly of rack mounted computing systems when the rack door remains closed
US8322805B2 (en) * 2009-06-03 2012-12-04 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator
US20100308705A1 (en) * 2009-06-03 2010-12-09 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator
US8544973B2 (en) * 2009-06-03 2013-10-01 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator
US20100307188A1 (en) * 2009-06-03 2010-12-09 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator
US8388078B2 (en) 2009-07-28 2013-03-05 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator with a door-in-door
US20110023528A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator
US20110023527A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator
US8424985B2 (en) 2009-07-28 2013-04-23 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator with a door-in-door
US20110030416A1 (en) * 2009-08-07 2011-02-10 Hoffman John S Refrigerator Door Configuration
US9322591B2 (en) 2010-01-04 2016-04-26 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator including multiple storage compartments
US9200830B2 (en) 2010-01-04 2015-12-01 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator including multiple storage compartments
US9175901B2 (en) 2010-01-04 2015-11-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator including multiple storage compartments
US9175902B2 (en) 2010-01-04 2015-11-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator including multiple storage compartments
US9175903B2 (en) 2010-01-04 2015-11-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator including multiple storage compartments
US9170045B2 (en) 2010-01-04 2015-10-27 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator including multiple storage compartments
US9510696B2 (en) 2010-02-01 2016-12-06 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator and method for controlling the same
US9046294B2 (en) * 2010-02-01 2015-06-02 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator and method for controlling the same
US9516956B2 (en) 2010-02-01 2016-12-13 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator and method for controlling the same
US20120286638A1 (en) * 2010-02-01 2012-11-15 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator and method for controlling the same
US9516955B2 (en) 2010-02-01 2016-12-13 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator and method for controlling the same
US8925338B2 (en) * 2010-04-01 2015-01-06 The Coca-Cola Company Chest cooler
CN102859302A (en) * 2010-04-01 2013-01-02 可口可乐公司 Chest cooler
US20110239675A1 (en) * 2010-04-01 2011-10-06 The Coca-Cola Company Chest Cooler
CN102859302B (en) * 2010-04-01 2016-06-01 可口可乐公司 Box cooler
US8944534B2 (en) 2010-08-20 2015-02-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator includes a second door disposed on a first door, a shelf disposed on the first door, a connection assembly connecting the shelf to the second door and linking opening of the second door to rotate the shelf
US8752918B2 (en) 2011-08-05 2014-06-17 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator with inner door
US9885516B2 (en) 2012-04-02 2018-02-06 Whirlpool Corporation Vacuum insulated door structure and method for the creation thereof
US9874394B2 (en) 2012-04-02 2018-01-23 Whirlpool Corporation Method of making a folded vacuum insulated structure
US9835369B2 (en) 2012-04-02 2017-12-05 Whirlpool Corporation Vacuum insulated structure tubular cabinet construction
US9833942B2 (en) 2012-04-11 2017-12-05 Whirlpool Corporation Method to create vacuum insulated cabinets for refrigerators
US9689604B2 (en) 2014-02-24 2017-06-27 Whirlpool Corporation Multi-section core vacuum insulation panels with hybrid barrier film envelope
US10052819B2 (en) 2014-02-24 2018-08-21 Whirlpool Corporation Vacuum packaged 3D vacuum insulated door structure and method therefor using a tooling fixture
US9599392B2 (en) 2014-02-24 2017-03-21 Whirlpool Corporation Folding approach to create a 3D vacuum insulated door from 2D flat vacuum insulation panels
US10105931B2 (en) 2014-02-24 2018-10-23 Whirlpool Corporation Multi-section core vacuum insulation panels with hybrid barrier film envelope
US10041724B2 (en) 2015-12-08 2018-08-07 Whirlpool Corporation Methods for dispensing and compacting insulation materials into a vacuum sealed structure
US9752818B2 (en) 2015-12-22 2017-09-05 Whirlpool Corporation Umbilical for pass through in vacuum insulated refrigerator structures
US9840042B2 (en) 2015-12-22 2017-12-12 Whirlpool Corporation Adhesively secured vacuum insulated panels for refrigerators
US10018406B2 (en) 2015-12-28 2018-07-10 Whirlpool Corporation Multi-layer gas barrier materials for vacuum insulated structure
US10030905B2 (en) 2015-12-29 2018-07-24 Whirlpool Corporation Method of fabricating a vacuum insulated appliance structure

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