US10807298B2 - Molded gas barrier parts for vacuum insulated structure - Google Patents

Molded gas barrier parts for vacuum insulated structure Download PDF

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Publication number
US10807298B2
US10807298B2 US16/016,102 US201816016102A US10807298B2 US 10807298 B2 US10807298 B2 US 10807298B2 US 201816016102 A US201816016102 A US 201816016102A US 10807298 B2 US10807298 B2 US 10807298B2
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United States
Prior art keywords
layer
liner
layers
wrapper
vacuum insulated
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US20180311884A1 (en
Inventor
Paul B. Allard
Dustin M. Miller
Subrata Shannigrahi
Hua Liu
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Whirlpool Corp
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Whirlpool Corp
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Priority to US14/982,652 priority Critical patent/US10030905B2/en
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Priority to US16/016,102 priority patent/US10807298B2/en
Assigned to WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION reassignment WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: LIU, HUA, MILLER, Dustin M., SHANNIGRAHI, Subrata, ALLARD, PAUL B.
Publication of US20180311884A1 publication Critical patent/US20180311884A1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C51/00Shaping by thermoforming, i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C51/02Combined thermoforming and manufacture of the preform
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C51/00Shaping by thermoforming, i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C51/04Combined thermoforming and prestretching, e.g. biaxial stretching
    • B29C51/06Combined thermoforming and prestretching, e.g. biaxial stretching using pressure difference for prestretching
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C51/00Shaping by thermoforming, i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C51/08Deep drawing or matched-mould forming, i.e. using mechanical means only
    • B29C51/082Deep drawing or matched-mould forming, i.e. using mechanical means only by shaping between complementary mould parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/38Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents with thermal insulation
    • B65D81/3802Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents with thermal insulation rigid container in the form of a barrel or vat
    • B65D81/3806Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents with thermal insulation rigid container in the form of a barrel or vat formed with double walls, i.e. hollow
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/38Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents with thermal insulation
    • B65D81/3813Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents with thermal insulation rigid container being in the form of a box, tray or like container
    • B65D81/3823Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents with thermal insulation rigid container being in the form of a box, tray or like container formed of different materials, e.g. laminated or foam filling between walls
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D23/00General constructional features
    • F25D23/06Walls
    • F25D23/062Walls defining a cabinet
    • F25D23/064Walls defining a cabinet formed by moulding, e.g. moulding in situ
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D23/00General constructional features
    • F25D23/06Walls
    • F25D23/065Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2791/00Shaping characteristics in general
    • B29C2791/001Shaping in several steps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2101/00Use of unspecified macromolecular compounds as moulding material
    • B29K2101/12Thermoplastic materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2105/00Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped
    • B29K2105/04Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped cellular or porous
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2995/00Properties of moulding materials, reinforcements, fillers, preformed parts or moulds
    • B29K2995/0037Other properties
    • B29K2995/0065Permeability to gases
    • B29K2995/0067Permeability to gases non-permeable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/762Household appliances
    • B29L2031/7622Refrigerators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D2201/00Insulation
    • F25D2201/10Insulation with respect to heat
    • F25D2201/12Insulation with respect to heat using an insulating packing material
    • F25D2201/126Insulation with respect to heat using an insulating packing material of cellular type
    • F25D2201/1262Insulation with respect to heat using an insulating packing material of cellular type with open cells
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D2201/00Insulation
    • F25D2201/10Insulation with respect to heat
    • F25D2201/14Insulation with respect to heat using subatmospheric pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D23/00General constructional features
    • F25D23/08Parts formed wholly or mainly of plastics materials
    • F25D23/082Strips
    • F25D23/085Breaking strips
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

A vacuum insulated appliance structure includes a molded first layer of a first polymer material. A second layer of a second polymer material is molded to (e.g. over) at least a portion of the first layer, and a third layer of a third polymer material is molded to (e.g. over) at least a portion of the second layer to form a first component. At least one of the layers is impervious to one or more gasses. One or more additional components are secured to the first component to form a vacuum cavity. The vacuum cavity is filled with a porous material, and the vacuum cavity is evacuated to form a vacuum.

Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
This application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 14/982,652, filed Dec. 29, 2015, now U.S. Pat. No. 10,030,905, and entitled “INJECTION MOLDED GAS BARRIER PARTS FOR VACUUM INSULATED STRUCTURE,” the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Various types of vacuum insulated refrigerator cabinets and doors have been developed. However, known methods of fabricating vacuum insulated structures may suffer from various drawbacks.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
One aspect of the present invention is a method of fabricating a vacuum insulated appliance structure. The method includes injecting a first layer of a first thermoplastic polymer material. A second layer of a second thermoplastic polymer material is injection molded over at least a portion of the first layer, and a third layer of a third thermoplastic polymer material is injection molded over at least a portion of the second layer to form an elongated trim breaker. The elongated trim breaker includes first and second elongated channels. The method includes inserting an edge portion of a wrapper into the first channel, and inserting an edge portion of a liner into the second channel to form a vacuum cavity. The vacuum cavity is filled with a porous material, and the vacuum cavity is evacuated. At least one of the first, second, and third polymer materials is impervious to at least one atmospheric gas. The second layer may be thinner than the first and third layers, and the second layer may comprise EVOH (Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol) or LCP (Liquid Crystal Polymer). One or both of the first and third layers may comprise one or more of a nylon, a co-polyester, HIPS (High Impact Polystyrene), PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride), or PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) material. The wrapper and liner may comprise sheet metal, or polymer structures having first, second, and third layers formed by injection molding in a manner that is similar to the injection molding process used to form the elongated trim breaker. The wrapper and liner may comprise refrigerator cabinet members, refrigerator door components, or other vacuum insulated structures.
Another aspect of the present invention is a method of fabricating a vacuum insulated appliance structure. The method includes molding a first layer of a first thermoplastic polymer material. A second layer of a second thermoplastic polymer material is molded over at least a portion of the first layer. The second material is selected from the group consisting of EVOH and LCP. A third layer of a third thermoplastic polymer material is molded over at least a portion of the second layer to form a first component. The method includes securing a second component to the first component to form a vacuum cavity therebetween. The vacuum cavity is filled with a filler material, and the vacuum cavity is evacuated. The first and third layers may comprise materials selected from the group consisting of PVC, PET, HIPS, a co-polyester and nylon. At least one of the first and third layers may include a structural reinforcement of increased thickness that is formed during the molding process. The vacuum insulated appliance structure may comprise a refrigerator cabinet, refrigerator door, or other appliance or refrigerator component. One or more of the first, second, and third layers may be molded utilizing an injection molding process.
These and other features, advantages, and objects of the present disclosure will be further understood and appreciated by those skilled in the art by reference to the following specification, claims, and appended drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of a refrigerator;
FIG. 2 is an exploded isometric view of a refrigerator cabinet;
FIG. 3 is an isometric view of a refrigerator door;
FIG. 4 is an isometric view of a door liner showing the inner side of the door liner;
FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view of the door liner of FIG. 4 taken along the line V-V;
FIG. 6 is a partially fragmentary isometric view showing an injection molded structural reinforcement feature;
FIG. 7 is a partially schematic view of a mold utilized for a first injection;
FIG. 8 is a partially schematic view of a mold utilized for a second injection;
FIG. 9 is a partially schematic view of a mold utilized for a third injection;
FIG. 10 is a cross sectional view of a vacuum insulated refrigerator structure according to one aspect of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a cross sectional view of the trim breaker of FIG. 2 taken along the line XI-XI; and
FIG. 12 is a cross sectional view of the trim breaker of FIG. 3 taken along the line XII-XII.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
For purposes of description herein, the terms “upper,” “lower,” “right,” “left,” “rear,” “front,” “vertical,” “horizontal,” and derivatives thereof shall relate to the disclosure as oriented in FIG. 1. However, it is to be understood that the disclosure may assume various alternative orientations and step sequences, except where expressly specified to the contrary. It is also to be understood that the specific devices and processes illustrated in the attached drawings, and described in the following specification, are simply exemplary embodiments of the concepts defined in the appended claims. Hence, specific dimensions and other physical characteristics relating to the disclosures herein are not to be considered as limiting, unless the claims expressly state otherwise.
With reference to FIG. 1, a refrigerator 1 may include a vacuum insulated cabinet structure 2, and one or more doors 4 and 6 that are movably mounted to the cabinet 2. The cabinet 2 may include an insulated fresh food compartment 10 that is accessible by opening doors 4 and 6, and a frozen food compartment 12 that can be accessed by opening drawer 8. Refrigerator 1 may include an interior partition 17 (FIG. 2) to separate compartments 10 and 12. Partition 17 may be integrally formed with liner 20. For example, liner 20 may comprise a two piece structure with separate upper and lower components, with an upper horizontal (planar) side wall 17A of the lower component being positioned adjacent a lower horizontal (planar) side wall 17B of the upper component to form partition 17. Refrigerator 1 may also include an ice/water dispenser 14 mounted to door 4. Refrigerator 1 includes a cooling system (not shown) that may be mounted in a machine space 16 (see also FIG. 2) located in a lower rear portion of the refrigerator 1. The cooling system may comprise a compressor, condenser, evaporator, and other related components. Alternatively, the cooling system may comprise a thermoelectric system that utilizes thermoelectric elements.
With further reference to FIG. 2, cabinet 2 may comprise an outer wrapper 18 and an inner liner 20 that fits within the wrapper 18 when assembled. A trim breaker 22 may be utilized to seal front edge 24 of wrapper 18 to front edge 26 of liner 20. Trim breaker 23 may include an integrally formed cross part 23 extending over interior partition 17. The wrapper 18 and/or liner 20, and/or trim breaker 22 may comprise multi-layer polymer structures that are impervious to atmospheric gasses such as oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and/or other gasses. These multi-layer structures may be formed utilizing a multistep injection molding process discussed below. Alternatively, only one or two of the components 18, 20, and 22 may be fabricated utilizing a multistep injection process. For example, wrapper 18 could comprise formed sheet metal, and liner 20 and trim breaker 22 could comprise a multilayer polymer structure. Also, one or more (or all) of the components 18, 20 and 22 may be formed utilizing a thermoforming process. Trim breaker 22 is preferably formed from one or more materials (e.g. polymers) having low thermal conductivity to thermally isolate liner 20 from wrapper 18. Various features such as ribs or raised portions 28 may be formed in liner 20, wrapper 18, and/or trim breaker 22 during the injection molding process as described in more detail below. As discussed in more detail below, the liner 20 and exterior wrapper 18 form an interior space or cavity between liner 20 and wrapper 18 when assembled, and the interior cavity is filled with a porous material. The cavity is then evacuated to form a vacuum insulated structure.
With further reference to FIG. 3, the doors 4 and 6 and/or drawer 8 may include a liner 30, a trim breaker 22A (see also FIG. 12) and an exterior wrapper or panel 32. The door liner 30 and exterior wrapper 32 may comprise multi-layer polymer structures that are impervious to gasses. These structures may be fabricated according to a process discussed below. Liner 30 may comprise shelves 34, raised reinforcing features 36, or other such three dimensional features that are formed during an injection molding process. Alternatively, the door liner 30 and/or wrapper 32 may be formed from sheet metal. If door liner 30 is formed from sheet metal, it may have a generally planar configuration that does not include shelves 36 or other such complex three dimensional features.
With further reference to FIGS. 4 and 5, a liner 30A includes first, second, and third layers of polymer material 38, 40, and 42, respectively. The first layer 38 may form an interior side 44 of liner 30A. Layer 38 may include raised portions 46, grooves or lower portions such as linear channels 48, a perimeter channel 50, and reinforcing ribs 52 and 54 that extend across the grooves 48 and perimeter channel 50, respectively. As discussed below, a molding process (e.g. injection molding) according to the present disclosure provides for formation of complex three dimensional features such as raised portions 46, grooves and channels 48 and 50, respectively, and ribs 52 and 54, respectively.
In a liner, wrapper, trim breaker, or other component having a first material combination, the first layer 38 and third layer 42 may comprise a nylon thermoplastic material, and the second layer 40 may comprise a relatively thin layer of Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol (EVOH) or Liquid Crystal Polymer (LCP). According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a second material combination of a liner 30A or other component (e.g., wrapper or trim breaker) may include a first layer 38 and third layer 42 that comprise a High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS), and the second layer 40 may comprise a relatively thin layer of a barrier material such as EVOH or LCP. Typically, second layer 40 is just thick enough to provide an effective barrier (e.g. to oxygen), but second layer 40 is typically significantly thinner than layers 38 and 42 to thereby minimize the amount of the barrier material (layer 40) of the multilayer structure. In general, EVOH is a good barrier to oxygen, but it is not a particularly good barrier with respect to water vapor. Accordingly, one or both of the layers 38 and/or 42 may comprise a material that provides a water vapor barrier. For example, layer 38 and/or layer 42 could comprise barrier nylon or a liquid crystal polymer (LCP). An optional fourth layer 44A or 44B (FIG. 6) of material such as Tetrafluoroethylene (THV), Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE), Cyclic Olefin Copolymer (COC), Cyclic Olefin Polymer (COP) or High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) providing a water vapor barrier may be injection molded between layers 38 and 40 or between layers 40 and 42. One or both layers 38 and 42 may comprise one or more of nylon, HIPS, PVC, PET, or a co-polyester and layer 40 may comprise one or more of EVOH or LCP.
In general, the materials utilized to form layers 38, 40, 42 and/or additional layers may be chosen to provide specific barrier properties with respect to oxygen transmission, water vapor transmission, structural properties, and cost considerations. It will be understood that an insulated structure may comprise various components such as a wrapper, liner, and trim breaker, each having layers of substantially identical materials or the components may comprise layers of different materials. For example, a component such as a cabinet or door may have a liner and/or a trim breaker comprising the first material combination discussed above, and a wrapper comprising the second material combination discussed above. Layer 38 may have a thickness of about 0.5 mm to about 3.0 mm, layer 40 may have a thickness of about 0.05 mm to about 0.5 mm, and layer 42 may have a thickness of about 0.5 mm to about 3.0 mm. In general, optional layers 44A or 44B have a thickness selected to provide a water vapor barrier as required for a particular application. However, it will be understood that the layers may have virtually any thickness, and one or more of the layers may have regions of increased or decreased thickness.
With further reference to FIG. 6, the component 10A may be molded to include additional structural features such as a screw boss 56 that receives a threaded insert 58. The ribs 52, 54 and/or screw boss 56 or other such features may be formed by injection molding at the time first and/or third layers 38 and 42 are being formed. It will be understood that a wide range of three dimensional features may be formed during the injection molding process whereby layer 38 and/or 42 have a non-uniform thickness.
With further reference to FIGS. 7-9, a molding tool 60 includes a lower mold part 64, and first, second, and third upper parts 62A, 62B, and 62C, respectively. During a first molding step (FIG. 7), molten polymer material is injected through ports 68A in mold part 62A as shown by the arrows “A.” The molten material flows into a first mold cavity 66A defined by mold parts 62A and 64 to form a first layer 38 (FIG. 8). After the first polymer material is injected, additional polymer material is injected through ports 68B as shown by the arrows “B” (FIG. 8) to fill a second cavity 66B defined by mold tools 62B and 64 to form a second layer 40 (FIG. 9) that extends over at least a portion of first layer 38. With further reference to FIG. 9, a third polymer material is then injected through ports 68C of mold part 62C as shown by the arrows “C” to fill cavity 66C and form a third layer 42 (see also FIGS. 5 and 6). The mold part 62C may include one or more cavities or other features 70A-70D that form ribs 52, 54 and/or screw bosses 56 and/or other such 3D features whereby the component formed by the tooling/process of FIGS. 7-9 has a non-uniform thickness. The mold part 64 may also include one or more cavities or other such features that are similar to the features 70A-70D to thereby form three dimensional features in first layer 38. The layers 38, 40, 42 may comprise one or more of the thermoplastic polymer materials discussed above. For example, layers 38 and/or 42 may comprise one or more of nylon, a co-polyester, LCP, HIPS, or PVC, and layer 40 may comprise one or more of EVOH, LCP, or other suitable barrier material. It will be understood that a fourth layer 44A (FIG. 6) of material such as THV, PCTFE, COC, COP, or HDPE may be injection molded over first layer 38, and layer 40 may be molded over the fourth layer 44A. Alternatively, a fourth layer 44B may be molded over layer 40, and layer 42 may then be molded over the fourth layer 44B. It will be understood that molding over is not necessarily limited to molding layers or other features on top of or above another layer, but rather broadly describes molding two or more different materials together. For example, the mold parts 62A, 62B, 62C, and 64 of FIGS. 7-9 could have virtually any orientation or configuration, and mold tools/parts 62A, 62B and 62C do not necessarily need to be above mold tool/part 64.
With further reference to FIG. 10 a vacuum insulated refrigerator structure such as a cabinet 2, doors 4, 6, and/or drawer 8, and/or a trim breaker 22 may include an outer component such as wrapper 18 or exterior panel 32, and an interior liner 20 or 30. The components 18, 20, 30, and/or 32 may comprise three or more layers of polymer material 38, 40, and 42 that are configured to provide a barrier to gas as discussed above. For example, one or both layers 38 and 42 may comprise one or more of nylon, a co-polyester, HIPS, PVC, and layer 40 may comprise one or more of EVOH or LCP. The components 18, 20, 30, and 32 may have substantially identical construction (i.e., the same polymer material layers), or the components 18, 20, 30, and 32 may comprise different polymer materials forming layers 38, 40, 42.
During assembly, perimeter edge portions or flanges 72 and 74 of the wrapper 18 and liner 20 are sealed together to form an interior space 76. A trim breaker 22 (FIG. 2) or trim breaker 22A (FIG. 3) may optionally be used to physically interconnect the perimeters of wrapper 18 and liner 20 and to thermally isolate wrapper 18 from liner 20 to reduce heat transfer from wrapper 18 to liner 20 and visa-versa. The interior space 76 is then filled with silica powder 78 or other suitable material, and a vacuum is formed in the interior space 76. The vacuum may be formed by placing the assembled structure in a vacuum chamber (not shown), and an access opening or port in wrapper 18 and/or liner 20 may then be closed and sealed to seal off interior space 76. The assembly is then removed from the vacuum chamber. Once the interior space 76 is sealed, the vacuum assembly forms a vacuum insulated refrigerator structure such as cabinet 2, doors 4, 6, drawer 8, or other such refrigerator structure. If the structure comprises a refrigerator cabinet 2, a trim breaker 22 may be utilized to seal edge 24 of wrapper 18 to edge 26 of liner 20 as discussed above in connection with FIG. 2. If the vacuum insulated refrigerator structure comprises a door, a resilient seal strip 80 or the like may be positioned adjacent edge portions 72 and 74 to thereby seal the door 4 or 6 (or drawer 8) when in a closed position.
With further reference to FIG. 11, trim breaker 22 may comprise a first layer 38A, a second layer 40A, and a third layer 42A. The layers 38A, 40A, and 42A may be formed utilizing an injection molding process as discussed above in connection with FIGS. 7-9. In a preferred embodiment, first layer 38A and third layer 42A are formed from the same polymer material. The layers 40A and 42A may be formed from a co-polyester, PVC, PET, nylon, or HIPS. Second layer 40A comprises a barrier layer that may be formed from EVOH, LCP, or other material that is impervious or substantially impervious to oxygen permeation. The polymer material (e.g. PVC or PET) of the layers 38A and 42A protect the inner layer 40A from moisture. It will be understood that the layers 38A and 42A may melt together in the regions 82A-82E to thereby encapsulate the second or inner layer 40A. Thus, if the layers 38A and 42A comprise the same polymer material, the outer layers 38A and 42A may form a substantially continuous one piece outer structure that completely encapsulates the inner barrier layer 40A.
Trim breaker 22 includes a first elongated channel 84, and a second elongated channel 86. An edge portion 26 of wrapper 18 is received in channel 84, and edge portion 26 of liner 20 is received in channel 86. The channels 84 and 86 may be filled with an adhesive/sealant (not shown) such as silicone, epoxy, or other suitable material to secure the trim breaker 22 to the wrapper 18 and liner 20, and to ensure that the interior space 76 is sealed whereby a vacuum can be formed in the interior space 76. As discussed above, the wrapper 18 and/or liner 20 may be formed from sheet metal or other suitable material. For example, wrapper 18 may comprise sheet metal, and liner 20 may comprise polymer layers 38, 40, 42. As shown in FIG. 11, first and second channels 84 and 86 may face in substantially the same direction, and the channels 84 and 86 may extend substantially parallel to one another. Referring again to FIG. 2, the channels 84 and 86 may extend around substantially the entire perimeter of trim breaker 22 (FIG. 2) and along cross member 23 if trim breaker 22 includes a cross member 23. Trim breaker 22 preferably comprises a one piece continuous ring forming an enlarged central opening 25. Opening 25 may include an upper portion 25A and a lower portion 25B if trim breaker 22 includes a cross structure 23.
Trim breaker 22 provides an airtight seal that is substantially impervious to water vapors and/or other gasses to thereby permit a vacuum to be maintained in the interior space 76. Also, because the trim breaker 22 is formed from polymer materials having relatively low thermal conductivity, very little heat is transferred from wrapper 18 to liner 20 and vise-versa.
With further reference to FIG. 12, a trim breaker 22A may be utilized in a door 4, 6, or 8 (see also FIG. 3). Trim breaker 22A includes layers 38A, 40A, and 42A that may be constructed from substantially the same materials as discussed above in connection with the trim breaker 22 of FIG. 11. Trim breaker 22A includes a first channel 88 that receives an edge portion 33 of door wrap 32. Trim breaker 22A also includes a second channel 90 that includes an edge portion 31 of a door liner 30. The channels 88 and 90 may be filled with an adhesive/sealant to ensure that the edges 31 and 33 of liner 30 and wrapper 32, respectively, are sealed and secured to the trim breaker 22A. Channels 88 and 90 may face in substantially the same direction as shown in FIG. 12, and extend parallel around the perimeter of a door 4, 6, 8, etc. to form a ring-like or “picture frame” structure. Trim breaker 22A is impervious to air, water vapor, and/or other gasses to enable the formation of an airtight vacuum in interior space 76. Trim breaker 22A is preferably made from polymer materials having a low coefficient of thermal conductivity to thereby thermally insulate the door liner 30 from the door wrap 32. As discussed above, door liner 30 and door wrap 32 may be made from metal or multi-layer polymer materials.
It is to be understood that variations and modifications can be made on the aforementioned structure without departing from the concepts of the present disclosure, and further it is to be understood that such concepts are intended to be covered by the following claims unless these claims by their language expressly state otherwise.

Claims (4)

What is claimed is:
1. A vacuum insulated appliance structure, comprising:
a first component having first and third layers injection molded to opposite sides of a second layer;
wherein the first layer comprises a first thermoplastic polymer material;
wherein the second layer comprises a second thermoplastic polymer material, wherein the second thermoplastic polymer material is selected from the group consisting of EVOH and LCP;
wherein the third layer comprises a third thermoplastic polymer;
a second component secured to the first component to form a cavity therebetween;
porous filler material disposed in the cavity wherein the cavity is evacuated to form a vacuum;
wherein the first and third layers comprise materials selected from the group consisting of PVC, PET, HIPS, a co-polyester, and nylon; and
wherein the first and third layers form a substantially continuous one piece outer structure that completely encapsulates the second layer.
2. The vacuum insulated appliance structure of claim 1, wherein:
the second component comprises a wrapper;
the first component comprises a trim breaker;
the vacuum insulated structure comprises a refrigerator cabinet or a refrigerator door and including:
a liner secured to the trim breaker, wherein the liner is spaced apart from the wrapper.
3. The vacuum insulated appliance structure of claim 2, wherein:
at least one of the wrapper and the liner are metal.
4. The vacuum insulated appliance structure of claim 1, wherein:
at least one of the first and third layers includes a surface and a structural reinforcement protruding from the surface.
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