US1246114A - Method of operating furnace and oven apparatus with recovery of heat. - Google Patents

Method of operating furnace and oven apparatus with recovery of heat. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1246114A
US1246114A US85334814A US1914853348A US1246114A US 1246114 A US1246114 A US 1246114A US 85334814 A US85334814 A US 85334814A US 1914853348 A US1914853348 A US 1914853348A US 1246114 A US1246114 A US 1246114A
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gas
air
valves
producer
oven
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US85334814A
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Heinrich Koppers
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Beazer East Inc
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Beazer East Inc
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B3/00Hearth-type furnaces, e.g. of reverberatory type; Tank furnaces
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D17/00Regenerative heat-exchange apparatus in which a stationary intermediate heat-transfer medium or body is contacted successively by each heat-exchange medium, e.g. using granular particles

Description

H. KOPPERS.
METHOD OF OPERATING FURNACE AND OVEN APPARATUS WITH RECOVERY OF HEAT. APPLICATION FILED JULY 27. I914.
x .-1- N NT 23 1 2% K i 3 I I x I 4/; g A
H. KOPPERS.
METHOD OF OPERATING FURNACE AND OVEN APPARATUS WITH RECOVERY QF HEAT.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 27. 1914.
Patented NOV. 13, 1917.
2 SHEETSSHEET 2- 7/ 'nesses dm Q UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HEINRICH KOPPERS, F ESSEN-ON-THE-RUHR, GERMANY, ASSIGNOR, BY,MESNE .ASSIGNMENTS, T0 H, KOPPERS COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA.
METHOD OF OPERATING- FURNAGE AND OVEN APPARATUS WITH RECOVERY OF HEAT.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented N 0V. 13, 1917.
Application filed July 27, 1914. Serial No. 853,348.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, HEINRICH KOPPERS, a citizen of the German Empire, residing at ssen-on-the-Ruhr, in Germany, have invented a certain new and useful Method of Operating Furnace and Oven Apparatus with Recovery of Heat, of which the following is a specification.
his invention relates to a method of operating the reversal in furnace and oven apparatus, for the production of glass, iron, steel, gas, coke and the like, working with recovery of heat (regeneration) and heated by gas producers directly connected thereuring the interval arising from the operation of the valves of the regenerator apparatus the production of gas is interrupted and the chambers filled with gas are 4.
closed at both sides or ends, and thus kept filled. The gas is only generated during the period of use, and risk of explosion, due to entrance of air and escape of gas, is avoided.
The usual manner of operating the reversal, in furnaces and ovens of this class, is to cut ofi" the supply of heating gas, then operate the valves controlling the currents of air and products of combustion, and then, after an interval during which the chambers may become filled with air, to turn on the gas again. During these operations, occupying some minutes, no supply of gas is required, and if the gas producer continued to work an increase of pressure would occur, liable to cause the gas to enter other chambers, which would not only cause loss, but would give rise to risk of explosion. It would be possible to effect a storage of. gas during t is period, by providing a gas holder for this purpose, but apart from the high cost involved the holder would require to be constantly watched, in order that at the time of reversal it would be ready to receive the gas, the cylinders or containers being at the ends of their paths.
The most simple manner of effecting the stoppage of gas production, for the interval of reversal, is to cut oil the supplyof air to the bottom ofthe producer, whereupon the production of gas, dependent on this supply, ceases. In order that during the interval there is no exchange of air for gas or vice versa, all the chambers filled with gas are closed, and are kept filled with gas, both in the producing and in the consuming apparatus. This obviates all risk of explosion, because when the, supply is resumed the gas in the consuming apparatus immediately ignites against the hot brickwork of the oven or furnace, and combustion takes place at the rate at which the air and gas meet; no explosion can occur. It is well known that explosions only occur if a certain volume of an explosive mixture of gas and air is formed before ignition takes place.
Apparatus for carrying the invention into effect is shown in the accompanying drawing in which Figurel is a side View partly in section of a plant embodying my invention, showing the latter applied to a retort oven for producing gas and coke;
Fig. 2 a plan partly in section of the oven proper and cooperating parts, and
the gas and air connections of the regenerators.
is a gas producer of any convenient type, with a hopper 11 for charging it with fuel from the fuel holder 12. 13 is a suction appliance for removing dust, and 14 a steam boiler heated by the hot gas. 15 is a washing tower, in which the gas is washed by Water supplied through a pipe 16. 17 is the gas pipe leading to the consuming apparatus. From the boiler 14 a pipe 18 leads to the space below the grate of the gas producer 10. The blower 19 forces. air through the pipe 20 to the saturator 21, wherein the air is saturated with moisture derived from the hot water coming from the tower 15, and the saturated air passes through the pipe 22 to the space under the grate of the producer 23 and 24 are valves controlling the pipes 22 and 18 respectively. The gas producer may be designed in accordance with the usual practice, and does not in itself constitute part of the invention.
To the pipe 17 are joined two branch pipes 25, 26, which extend down the sides of the retort 27. Below the latter are the regenerators 28, 29, connected by conduits 30, 31 to fines 32, 33 leading to the chimney (not shown). The conduit has an airvalve 34 and a throttle valve 35, the c'onduit 31 having similar valves 36 and 37. The pipe 25 is connected by branch pipes to the regenerators 28, the said branch pipes being controlled by valves 38, and the pipe 26 Fig. 3 an enlarged section through one of a is connected to the regenerators 29 by branch pipes controlled by valves 39. The flues are provided with dampers 40 and 41. This construction of the oven apparatus is merely given as an example, and can be varied.
The manner of Working the apparatus is as follows. 7
Air is blown by the blower 19 into the gas producer 10, charged with fuel from the holder 12, this air being mixed with steam and taking part in the production of gas in the known manner. The gas generated flows past the boiler 14 and is washed and cooled in the tower 15 before flowing to the consuming apparatus. The steam generated in the boiler 14 flows with the air through the grate of the gas producer.
The heating gases flow in the oven apparatus alternately from right to left and from left to right, each phase lasting about half an hour.
It will be understood that on the side on which the air and gas are admitted (say the left hand side containing the regenerators 28), alternate regenerators serve for preheating gas and air respectively, according to the well-known procedure. say, for instance, the first, third, fifth, etc., regenerator 28 will have the corresponding gas valves 42, 38 open, and the air valves 34 closed, while the intermediate (second,
fourth, etc.) regenerators 28 will have their air valves 34 open and their gas valves 42, 38 closed. All the throttle valves 35 and the dam er 40 on this side of the oven would be closed at this stage, that is, the flue 32 is not connected w'itlithe regenerators. The
air andgas pass respectively through alter- At this stage, the regenerators 29 havetheir gas valves 39, 43 and their air valves 36 closed, while their valves 37 and the damper 41 are open so that the combustion gases can pass from the regenerators 29 through the conduits 31 to the flue 33 and to the stack. v
After about half an hour conditions are reversed by a proper manipulation of the valves, so that alternate regenerators 29 will serve for preheating gas and air respectively, while the combustion products will pass through the regenerators 28 and conduits 30 to the flue 32 and the stack. This manipulation will be effected in regular order; so as to first close the gas supply pipe 25, and then attend to the air valves and throttle valves. After a period during That is to which the oven becomes filled with fresh air the gas supply pipe 26 :is opened, and the gas supplied by the same is preheated in some of the regenerators 29, while the air is preheated in the other regenerators 29, and the mixture is burnt in the heating flues of the oven, as usual.
During the period of-a few minutes elapsing between the closing of the pipe 25 and the opening of the pipe 26 the production of gas is interru ted, for which purpose the valve 23 in the pipe 22 is closed. v The blower 19 may continue to work, but it isadvisable to provide the pipe 20 with a discharge valve 45, which is opened when the valve 23 is closed. This discharge valve may be an automatic valve, which opens at a predetermined pressure space between the fuel layer producing gas, and the valve 23, is as small as possible, to reduce the risli of producing an explosive mixture, the valve 23 is placed close to the producer 10.
Generally speaking the production of gas is proportional to the suppl of air tothe producer, but after the supp y of air is cut off the producer continues for a short period to supply gas. In order to prevent excessive pressure in the closed receptacles, due to w this production of gas, it is advisable to cut off the air supply as quickly as possible, but
not to close the gas outlet until after an interval corresponding -to that during which the production of gas continues.
With this method of operation gas is only supplied when it can be usefully employed for heating, that is to say after the whole "oven system has become filled with pure air after the reversal. The intervalbetween the cutting off of the gas supply, and the resumption thereof, can without risk or loss be made sufficiently long to allow the system to be washed out, as it were, with pure air, so that when the gas is turned on perfect combustion thereof can at once take place. This interval does not constitute an interference with the heating of the oven;
on the contrary, the heating efficiency or economy is increased. At the end of the heating period of about 30 minutes the regenerators which have been receiving products of combustion are so hot that some of their heat can flow to the material to be heated, in the example given, coal. In this way gas is saved, and the products of combustion pass to the chimney at a somewhat lower temperature, so that a saving of heat is eflected.
I claim: a
1. in operating a regenerative furnace with the alternate connection of the same producer with two groups of regenerators the method of effecting a draft reversal which consists in interrupting the production of gas within the gas producer during macaw the change of the position of the gas valves, air valves and waste gas valves.
2. In operating a regenerative furnace with the alternate connection of the same producer with two groups of regenerators, the 'method of effecting a draft reversal which consists in interrupting the air supply to the gas producer to stop the production of gas therein, and changing the position of the gas valves, air valves and waste gas valves during such stoppage of gas-production.
3. In operating a regenerative furnace heated by producer gas, the method of effecting a draft reversal which consists in interrupting the air supply to the gas producer to stop the production of gas therein, then cutting the furnace off the gas producer, changing the position of the air valves and waste gas valves of the furnace, and reconnecting the furnace and the air supply to the gas producer.
4. In operating a regenerative furnace heated by producer gas, the method of effecting a draft reversal which consists in interrupting the air supply and steam supply to the gas producer to stop the production of gas therein, cutting the furnace off the gas producer, changing the position of the air valves and waste gas valves of the furnace, and reconnecting the furnace and the'air and steam supply to the gas producer.
5. In operating a regenerative furnace heated by producer gas, the method which consists in producing a continuous'current of air, directing said current periodically to the producer and between said periods diverting the air current from the producer so as to stop the production of gas therein, then cutting the furnace off from the gas producer, changing the position of thc'air valves and waste gas valves of the furnace, and thereupon reconnecting the furnace and the air-supply to the gas producer.
HEINRICH KOPPERS. Witnesses:
HENRY HAsrER, WALDEMAR HAUPT.
US85334814A 1914-07-27 1914-07-27 Method of operating furnace and oven apparatus with recovery of heat. Expired - Lifetime US1246114A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2710281A (en) * 1950-12-22 1955-06-07 Koppers Co Inc Reversing machines for regenerative ovens
US2732289A (en) * 1956-01-24 Goeke
US2737481A (en) * 1949-09-28 1956-03-06 Koppers Co Inc Regenerative oven reversing and venting apparatus
US2834406A (en) * 1956-04-05 1958-05-13 Otto Carl Coke oven
US2868277A (en) * 1956-04-05 1959-01-13 Otto Carl Coke oven

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2732289A (en) * 1956-01-24 Goeke
US2737481A (en) * 1949-09-28 1956-03-06 Koppers Co Inc Regenerative oven reversing and venting apparatus
US2710281A (en) * 1950-12-22 1955-06-07 Koppers Co Inc Reversing machines for regenerative ovens
US2834406A (en) * 1956-04-05 1958-05-13 Otto Carl Coke oven
US2868277A (en) * 1956-04-05 1959-01-13 Otto Carl Coke oven

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