US2543367A - Method of operating regenerators for open hearths - Google Patents

Method of operating regenerators for open hearths Download PDF

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Publication number
US2543367A
US2543367A US587694A US58769445A US2543367A US 2543367 A US2543367 A US 2543367A US 587694 A US587694 A US 587694A US 58769445 A US58769445 A US 58769445A US 2543367 A US2543367 A US 2543367A
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air
chambers
regenerators
chamber
open
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US587694A
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Alexander W Strachan
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American Steel and Wire Company of New Jersey
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American Steel and Wire Company of New Jersey
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Priority to US587694A priority Critical patent/US2543367A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D17/00Regenerative heat-exchange apparatus in which a stationary intermediate heat-transfer medium or body is contacted successively by each heat-exchange medium, e.g. using granular particles

Description

W. M. HENRY Feb.. 2% 31953 METHOD OF OPERATING REGENERATORS FOR OPEN-HEARTHS 2 Sheets-Shee t l Filed April ll, 1945 INI 'LEY IOR.' DECEASED WILLIAM M. HENRY, BY ALEXANDER W. STRC HAN ADMINIS Feb. 27, ASSE W. M. HENRY 295439367 METHOD 0F OPERATING REGENERATORS FOR OPEN-HEARTHS Filed April 1l, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 WILLIAM M. HENRY, DECEASED, BY ALEXANDER w. STRACHL ADMINISTRATOR Patented Feb. 27, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE METHOD OF OPERATING REGENERATORS FOR OPEN HEARTHS Application April 11, 1945, Serial No. 587,694
This invention relates to improvements in the distribution of air to be heated through re, generators for open-hearth furnaces and the like.
It is among the objects of the present invention to provide a method of injecting air evenly into regenerators. It is another object to prolong the life of regenerators. It is a further object to provide better combustion in open-hearth furnaces and the like.
The foregoing and further objects will be apparent from the specication and drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a horizontal section of an openhearth regenerator;
Figure 2 is a vertical section on line II-II of Figure 1; and
Figure 3 is a vertical section along the lines III-III of Figure 1.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, the letter A designates a regenerator for an openhearth furnace or the like composed of two chambers 2 and 4 having checkerbrick 6 therein supported above the iloor 8 by arches I0 on rider walls I2.
Hot gases from the combustion chamber of a furnace, such as an open hearth (not shown), are admitted to the chambers 2 and 4 through uptakes B and B' and are withdrawn therefrom through ports C and C', into flue D and stack E. Uptakes B and B', also function to withdraw heated air from the chambers 2 and 4 to support combustion in the furnace chamber (not shown).
In accordance with the teachings of the present invention, air to be heated in the checker chambers 2 and 4, instead of being admitted thereto through ports C and C', is evenly distributed therethrough in the following manner. Flues I4 are provided in the oor 8 from which ports I6 open into the respective chambers 2 and 4 at spaced points throughout the width thereof. The ues I4 are connected to a main flue or manifold I8 which is connected to a compressor and pumping station 20. Dampers 22 are provided in the lues I4 adjacent the manifold I8.
In order to provide an even distribution of the air throughout the chambers 2 and 4, the ports I6 are progressively enlarged toward the rearward side of the chambers, being smallest at the side nearest the manifold I8.
Dampers 24 and 245 are disposed on either side of the pumping station 2D to close it off from the manifold and flue arrangement when the regenerator is being heated by passing exhaust gases therethrough. When air is to be passed C and C'.
2 Claims. (Cl. 263-52) 2 throughv the checker chambers 2 and 4, the damper 24 is opened so that compressed air from the station 20 will be passed through the manifold I8, flues I4 and ports I6, and thereby be evenly distributed throughout the chambers. The heated air ows therefrom to the combus tion chamber (not shown) through uptakes B and B'. It is understood that while air is being heated by being passed through chambers 2 and 4, similar chambers (not shown) are being heatedv by passing exhaust gases therethrough. During this time, the damper 26 is closed to shut off the pumping station from the exhaust gases.
In this manner of distributing air through regenerators not only is a more uniform distribution achieved but also the air can be directed into or through particular portions of the checkerworks. Due to the dust precipitating from the exhaust gases the openings in the checkerwork gradually fill up. The openings closest to the uptakes B and B' are blocked off first as they become full and as use of the regenerators is continued the checkers are progressively closed off by the dust in a direction towards the ports When regenerators are first started in service, the hottest portion thereof is that closest to the uptakes B and B' and the coldest portion is adjacent the ports C and C'. Accordingly by my improved method of operation, the ues I4 adjacent-the ports C and C' are closed by means of dampers 22 when the regenerators are first put in service, the air being admitted to the hottest portion of the checkerwork through the flues I4 adjacent the uptakes B and B'. As service is continued and the openings in the checkerwork adjacent the uptakes B and B' become closed, the ues I4 beneath the clogged-up portions are progressively shut off by closing their respective dampers 22 and the remaining ducts progressively opened as the hot region of the checkerwork advances towards ports C and C'. Accordingly, maximum efficiency and uniformity in operation is achieved.
While one specific embodiment of the invention has been shown and described, it will be understood that this embodiment is merely for the purpose of illustration and description and that var ious other forms may be devised within the score of the invention, as dened in the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
l. The method of operating regenerator chambers lwhich are alternately heated by exhaust gases passed therethrough and then utilized to pre-heat gases prior to combustion which comprises admitting air thereto from spaced ports opening from a plurality of ues extending across the Width of such chambers and in a direction at right angles to the passage of waste gases therethrough, closing off certain of the flues adjacent the end of the chamber nearest the furnace when the chamber is rst put into use and progressively opening said fines and progressively closing the flues at the opposite end oi' the chamber as the chamber is continued in service and the openings in the checkerbrick at said last mentioned end become clogged by dust precipitated from the heating gases.
2. The method of operating a regenerator chamber which is alternately heated by dustcontaining exhaust gases passed therethrough and then utilized to pre-heat air prior to combustion which comprises, admitting the air thereto from spaced ports opening from a plurality of flues extending across the width of such chambers and in a direction at right angles to the passage of exhaust gases therethrough, closing oi certain of said iiues to direct the air into the most highly heated section of the chamber when .4 the chamber is iirst put into use and progressively opening said closed iiues and closing certain of the remaining open flues to direct the incoming air into the most highly heated section of said chamber as said section shifts due to portions of the chamber being clogged by dust precipitated from the exhaust gases whereby the heat exchange capacity of said chamber is maintained substantially uniform.
ALEXANDER W. STRACHAN, Administrator of the Estate of William M. Henry,
Deceased.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the ille of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,725,879 Naismith Aug. 27, 1929 1,743,129 Gilbert Jan. 14, 1930 2,136,993 Palmgren Nov. 15, 1938 2,336,993 Luetscher Dec. 14, 1943
US587694A 1945-04-11 1945-04-11 Method of operating regenerators for open hearths Expired - Lifetime US2543367A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4088180A (en) * 1975-07-08 1978-05-09 Ppg Industries, Inc. Regenerator flow control
USRE33814E (en) * 1978-03-06 1992-02-04 Toledo Engineering Co., Inc. Manifold inputs and outputs for furnace regenerators

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1725879A (en) * 1927-12-24 1929-08-27 Naismith George Furnace
US1743129A (en) * 1925-04-06 1930-01-14 Harry E Gilbert Fire box for cast-iron boilers
US2136993A (en) * 1934-11-13 1938-11-15 Palmgren Eric Drying apparatus for washing and the like
US2336993A (en) * 1941-01-23 1943-12-14 Oliver P Luetscher Method of operating regenerative furnaces and furnace construction

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1743129A (en) * 1925-04-06 1930-01-14 Harry E Gilbert Fire box for cast-iron boilers
US1725879A (en) * 1927-12-24 1929-08-27 Naismith George Furnace
US2136993A (en) * 1934-11-13 1938-11-15 Palmgren Eric Drying apparatus for washing and the like
US2336993A (en) * 1941-01-23 1943-12-14 Oliver P Luetscher Method of operating regenerative furnaces and furnace construction

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4088180A (en) * 1975-07-08 1978-05-09 Ppg Industries, Inc. Regenerator flow control
USRE33814E (en) * 1978-03-06 1992-02-04 Toledo Engineering Co., Inc. Manifold inputs and outputs for furnace regenerators

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