US1240828A - Printing-machine. - Google Patents

Printing-machine. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1240828A
US1240828A US6100415A US6100415A US1240828A US 1240828 A US1240828 A US 1240828A US 6100415 A US6100415 A US 6100415A US 6100415 A US6100415 A US 6100415A US 1240828 A US1240828 A US 1240828A
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United States
Prior art keywords
type
members
movement
carriage
normal
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Expired - Lifetime
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US6100415A
Inventor
Percival Dignan
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HERBERT N STRAUS
JESSE ISIDOR STRAUS
PERCY S STRAUS
R H Macy & Co
Original Assignee
HERBERT N STRAUS
JESSE ISIDOR STRAUS
PERCY S STRAUS
R H Macy & Co
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Application filed by HERBERT N STRAUS, JESSE ISIDOR STRAUS, PERCY S STRAUS, R H Macy & Co filed Critical HERBERT N STRAUS
Priority to US6100415A priority Critical patent/US1240828A/en
Priority claimed from US97377A external-priority patent/US1240829A/en
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Publication of US1240828A publication Critical patent/US1240828A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41KSTAMPS; STAMPING OR NUMBERING APPARATUS OR DEVICES
    • B41K3/00Apparatus for stamping articles having integral means for supporting the articles to be stamped
    • B41K3/005Cheque stamping machines

Description

P. DIGNAN. PRINTING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED NOV-12. I9l5'.
wmm
' Patentedse t. 25,191?
4 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
I/VVE/VTOR 41 rm/m5 s P. DIGNAN.
PRINTING" MACHINE.
APPLICATION FiLEn NOV. 12. 1915.
Patented Sept, 25, 1917.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 2 BY WWW A rr n/Ers P. DIGNAN.
PRINTING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 12. 1915.
Patanted Sept. 25, 191?.
SHEETS-SHEET 3- mm a E Rm MN Illll Juli-In INVENTOR m 0&-
P. DIGNAN.
PRINTING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED NoV.12.1915.
Patentedfiept. 25, 1917;
4 $HEETS-SHEET 4- IN V EN TOR WW @ATTORNE vs UMTED snares PATENT PERCIVAL DIGITAN, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNCR 'lO R. H. MAUY' 85 60., A COPART- NERSHIP COMPOSEID OF J'ESSE ISIDOR STRAITS.
STRAITS, PERCY S. STRAUS, AND HERBERT N.
PRINTING-MACHINE.
meas es.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 25, wilt.
Application filed November 1.2, 1915. Serial NOQGLOM.
To all whom it may concern: it
Be it known that I, Pnnorvnn DIGNAN, a citizen of the Commonwealth of Australia, and a subject of the King of Great Britain, and a resident of the borough of Manhattan, city, county, and State of New Yorlnhave invented certain new and useful Improve ments in Printing-Machines, or" which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to printing machines, and particularly to that class of printing machines which includes apparatus for setting up in type a series of characters to be printed, together with apparatus for printing the series of characters on an object on which it is desirable to have it appear.
One object of my invention is to provide mechanism for moving. type-carrying or composing members to set up in type av series of characters.
Another object is to provide means for.
. composing members.
Another object is vto provide means for moving an article on which it is desired to print a series of characters relatively to the type, by means of which said characters are printed, together with means for impressing said article againstsaid type at intervals during relative motion of the type and artiole-moving means, whereby said characters may be printed one or more times upon said article at dilferent places.
Another object is to provide mechanism for actuating means for carrying an article and impressing the article against type adjustable to different settings and for putting in operative condition apparatus for setting the type.
Another object is to provide a device for with devices for releasably restraining the operating means and devices for limiting the motion of the members and apparatus for actuating the devices.
Another object is to provide a carriage for moving an article relatively to type mom-- here, which carriage is combined with a device constantly tending to operate to impress said article against said type during themotion of the carriage, and means carriedby said carriage for permitting the op eration of the impressing device at intervals during the movement of the carriage, there being releasable restraining means for the impressing device which is both set into operative condition and released by the carriage.
.Another object is to provide supporting means for an inking ribbon for type members which moves the ribbon step by step through automatically reversible mechanism which has motion impartedto it by apparatus which operates to move the type members to different settings.
Another object is to provide a carriage for moving an article relative to type members, which carriage has means for holding in position an article placed thereon, the said carriage being combined with mechanism for moving it relatively to the type members, and the mechanism being controlled by the holding means mounted on the car riage.
Other and further objects and advantages will appear from the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings forming a part of the specification, and will be pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, in which like reference characters indicate similar parts,
Figure 1 is a side view of a printing machine embodyin my invention;
Fig. 2 is a top view of the device shown in F ig. 1;
Fig. 31s a partial end view, looking at the device shown in Figs. 1 and 2 frointhe left side; i
Fig. 4 is an enlarged side view, partially in section, of the device shown in Figs. 1 and 2;
Figs. 5, 6 and 7 show details of the mechanism for controllin the type member moving mechanism;
Figs. 8, 9 and 10 show details of theribbon moving mechanism;
Figs. 11, 12, 13, 14; and 15 show details of the means for holding an article upon the ai-t-iclei'noving" carriage and for actuatin the art, and that my. invention is not limited to the single application" herein described.
The device herein described which embodies my invention comprises mechanism for setting type members for the purposeof printing various series of characters, mechanism for controlling the operation of the type member moving mechamsm, a
carriage for moving an article, upon whichit is desired to print a series of characters, across. the face of the type set to print those characters, mechanism for pressing 'anarticle so moved against the type at 111- terva-ls during its movement, mechanism operated by the type-setting mechanism for moving a ribbon across-the face of the type,
and mechanism for transmitting a. predetermined amount of power from a common source of power to the type-setting and carriage-moving mechanism. 1
The device illustrated inthe drawings includes a frame A. upon which is mounted a carriage B, type-setting mechanism and control mechamsm therefor generally 1nd1- cated by the letter C, a source of power comprising an electric motor E, and a clutch F for imparting motion, predetermined in extent, to an operating shaft G.
The'type members consist of type wheels 1' (F ig. 1), which are mounted for rotation upon a shaft 2, and which have attached to them gear wheels 3. Vvith these gear wheels segments l cooperate. Segments l are mounted torotate'up'on-the shaft 5. There.
may be anynumber of type wheels 1,. according to how great a number. or according-to the nature of the series of characters which it is desired to print.
If there are characters which it is de sired to print which are repeated a number of times, these characters are placed uponitype wheels operated by segments 6, which are actuated by hand moved levers 7, As an example, a date may be set up upon type wheels by use of hand-moved levers.-
Type wheel moving segmentst are operated by'links 8,. which: are pivoted at 9 to sweeps 10, which sweeps are pivoted at 11. It will. be seen that the swinging of the sweep 10 will rotate its corresponding type wheel. Springs 12 and 13 act respectively upon links 8 and sweeps 10 to rotate the sweeps counter-clockwise. The mechanism for restraining the sweeps against movement, releasing the sweeps to move and limiting: their operation' is shown in Figs. 5, 6 and 7. Each sweep is pivoted at 11 upon a plate 14;. Securedytoone face o'f the plate r4. is a guide bar'15, which is spaced from the plate 14L by lugs l6. Between the guide bar 15 and the plate 14" the sweep moves.v Mounted upon the opposite face of the plate lt, there is a supporting-bar 1U, spacedv from the plate ltby distance pieces 18.1 Extending through the plates 14' and 17, there is a catch 19; which has a beveled end 20: The-catch119 is-operat ed=bya spriiig 21,.act1ng on a washer22, wliiclr presses the end of: the catch-20 out into the path of the sweep 10.. When the sweep 10 is swung baek to the position in whicli it is shown in Fig.1
4', it isheld from movingcounteeclockwise under the action of the springs -12 and 13 by the catch 191-v Extending through the plates 141 and. 17, there is a series of stop pins 23, which have collars 9A moi'mted 'upon them, against which springs25 press: The
springs 25 also press against one face of the plate 14. The stop pins'are' adapted to be pushed through the plate 1 1 against the action of the springs 25in'tothe pa'th of the sweep 10,.as it moves between the guide 'loar l5 and the plate 14. These stop pinsare selectively movedi'tolimit the operation of: the type member moving mechanisms Mounted on the plate 141- are lugs 26, in which there is held a rod 27; Mountedupon this rod, .there *is a series 1 of rocker members 28, which are kept spaced apart by sleeves 29,- so that they occupy positlons'in' which they are resting against the-outer ends of the-stop pins 23. The rocker members comprise horizontal portions 28 and downwardly-extending portions 28". Resting upon the horizontal portion 28 of each stop, thereiis a shank 30of a corresponding key 31. Thekeys are held in normal position by the action of the springs25,and, when the keys are pressed downwardi -the rocker members swing aboutfthe pivot ro'd 27 and push the stop pins out intothe path of' the sweep 10. Downwardly extendingfrom the vertically -extending portion 28 of each rocker member 28, there is a latch op'erating part 31. Below the lugs26; there are'other lugs 32, in which there' is inountedfor longi} tudinal movement a latch bar 33. This latchbar has two pins 33 eXtendiIIgfrOm-One end of the latchaba r, there isa rod 33 which extends through the other lug 32, and which is surrounded by a spring 3a, which presses against the latch bar and the adjacent lug 32 and holds the latch bar at the limiting position of its lefthanol movement. In the latch bar 33, there are openings 85, one for each latch-operating part 31, and the latchoperating parts extend down into the openings 35. Extending from one side of each opening 35, there is a tongue which has a sloping side 36 and a straight side 37. lhe latch operating part 31. normally rests against the sloping side 36 of this tongue. When the key is pressed down, the rocker member 28 is rotated about its supporting shaft 27, and it presses a corresponding stop pin out into the path of the sweep 10. As the rocker member 28swings, the latch-operating part 31 which is attached thereto presses against the sloping side 36 of the cooperating tongue and causes the latch bar 33 to move to the right against the action of the spring 34:. lVhen the key 31 has been pressed down as far asit will go, the corresponding pin blocks the path of the sweep l0 and the corresponding latcl1oper-' atingpart 31' will be positioned adjacent the straight side 37 of the corresponding tongue. The straight side of this tongue will hold the stop pin and operating mechanism therefor in operative position as the latch bar moves to the left under the action of the spring as as soon as the latch-operating part 81 passes the point of its cooperating tongue. i-lrS the latch bar moves to the right under the action of the latoh-operating part 31" upon the sloping face 36 of the tongue, the sloping face 38 of the latch bar cooperates with a member 39, which is pivoted at 40, and which is positioned inside of the loop of the catch 19, and withdraws the catch. 19 from its position in front of the sweep 10. The sweep is no longer restrained. by the catch 19, and, therefore, swings counterclockwise under the action of the springs 12 and until it strikes that stop pin 23' which has been placed in its path. Upon the plate 14 there is pivoted at 2 a li k -1. This link has a cam face 48, against which the sweeplO rests when the sweep is in normal restrained position. A lock-operating member is: is provided with slots so, through which screws d6 pass into one of the faces of the plate i l. The locking bar is provided with a pin 47 at its lower end, around which there is placed sprin -l8, which holds the locking bar in its proper position. Secured to the locking bar l l is a pin to, upon which the linlr all rests. The top of the locking bar lel is provided with a dead-lock member 50. When tl e sweep 10 is released by a movement of the catch 19, the spring l8 raises the locking bar ital, together with the link 41, and the dead-lock member 50 is brought up into the path of the latch member 33, so that the latch member cannot be moved to the right after the sweep has once been released. This prevents any latclroperating part 31 from cooperating with the shaping face 36 of one oi the tongues to push the latch member to the right and permit the part 31 to move past the tongue, thereby preventing any stop member from being put into operative position after the sweep has been released. This is desirable because it prevents a'stop memher from being positioned behind the sweep and preventing the sweep from being brought to its normal restrained position. it is to be understood that the parts de scribed will be so proportioned that the selected stop pin will be positioned in the path of the sweep 10 before the latch member cooperates with the member 39 to withdraw the catch 19. a
It will he seen that so far there has been described a type-positioning mechanism, to-
gether with apparatus for controlling the operation of that mechanism, the said apparatus including selectively operable stop members for limiting the motion of the typepositioning mechanism, the stop members being held in operative position by a latch member, the movement of which releases the type-positioning member, and that there is a dead loclr for the latch member which is allowed to become operative upon movement of the typepositioning mechanism from initial position.
In order that the type wheels may be used to print a series of characters upon an artiole, an ink-carrying ribbon 55 is positioned across their faces. This ribbon is mounted on reels 56, which are in turn fixed upon shafts 57, which are pivoted in supporting plates 58. One end of each shaft 57 extends outside of its cooperating plate 58, and it has encircling it a coil spring 59, which presses against a collar 60, secured to the shaft. This spring prevents each wheel from moving too freely in its mounting. Upon the opposite end of each shaft 57, there is fixed a ratchet wheel 61. A pawl-carrying member 62 is positioned adjacent one of the plates 58, and it is provided with slits 63, through which screws 64 pass into the adjacent plate 58. Mounted upon the pawlcarrying member, there is one pawl 65 for each ratchet wheel. The pawls are so arranged that only one may cooperate with the ratchet wheel at one time. Upon the pawl-carrying member 62, there is mounted a small plate 66, which has diverging faces forming equal angles with a vertical line. A rod 67 is mounted on a plate 70, which is slidably mounted on posts and is forced upward by the action of springs 69 toward collars 70, which limit the upward movement of said plate 70. The upper end of this rod 67 is adapted to cooperate with either face of the plate 66, accord-ing'to the position of the pawl-carrying member. In the position illustrated in Fig. 8, the rod 67 coiiperates with the left-hand face of the plate and the lefthand pawl coiiperates with its corresponding ratchet-wheel 61. Lying upon the face of the bed-plate 68, there are push rods 71, which have sloping cam faces 72, which respectively coiiperat'e with opposite ends of the pawl-carrying member 62. Lugs 73- in the bed-plate 68 prevent sidewise movement of the push rods 71. Each push rod has an extension 7 L, which is encircled by a spring 75. The extension 7% passes through a spring stop 7 6 mounted on the bed-plate 68, and the spring 75 presses against the spring stop 76 and against the push rod 71, and tends to force the push rod to the left to coiiperate with the pawl-carrying member. Mounted on the opposite side ofthe plate 58 from that on which the pawl-carrying member 62 is mounted, there are mounted for sliding limiting members 76. These members limit the extent of motion of the push rods 71 under the action of the springs 7 5, and, when the motion of the'puslr rods is so limited, the cam: faces 72 move the pawl-carrying member 62 only far enough to rotate one of the reels a distance equal to one notch of its corresponding. ratchet wheel and only far enough to cause the upper end of the rod Fig- 9, is withdrawn, the rod 67 pressing agalnst the sloping face of the plate 66- causes the pawlcarry1ng member to move to the right, carrying the pawl 65 at the left of Fig. 8 to a new notch in the corresponding ratchet 61.
It will be seen that the limited reciprocation of thepush rod 71 at the right of Fig. 9 will impart limited movement to the left to the pawl-carrying member 62, and the springpressed rod 67 will cause the pawlcarrying member to move tothe right. Thisoperation will be continued until all of the ribbon'is wound onto the lefthand reel.
It may be noted at this time that a link 77 is pivoted to the plate 145 at 78 (see Fig. 4:). This link has an arm which is connected to the lower-end of the sweep -10'by means of a link 7 9 and an arm to which is connected the link. 80, which extends toward the type members. The end of the link 80 is pro vided' with a slot 81. Pivoted to the baseplate 68 isa link 82, which carries a pin 83, which is positioned in the slot 81, and to which is pivoted a link 84, which is pivoted,
to a push rod 71 at 85.
It will now be seen that as the sweep lO to the left, it permits the link 82 to swing counter-clockwise about its pivot, and thereby permits the spring 75 to move the push rod 71 to the left. When the push rod 71 strikes its cooperating limiting member 7 6, it will be stopped, but the link 80 may continue its motion to the left, because the pin 83' will slide in the slot 81.
Each reel is formed with end disks 56 and a core 56. The core 56 comprises-two members which are spaced to provide an opening 56, which divided by a partition 56. Mounted in the partition 56, there are pins 56 passing through this partition, and held therein by collars 56 which rest against one side of the partition 56, and by a spring 56 which presses against the other side of the partition and against a curved plate 56 mounted on the other-end of thepins 56 From the end plates 56 of the reels, there are cut segments and, upon the curved plate 56 there are mounted portions 56, which close the openings formed by the removal of the segments; a
When the reel is partly filled with ribbon, the springs 56 will be compressed by the pressure of the ribbon on the curved plate 56, and the outer ends of the portions 56 will be flush with the outer periphery of the disks 56 When the ribbon is almost unwound from the reel, the springs 56 will press outward the curved plate 56, as shown in Fig. 10, and one ofthe portions 56 will extend beyond the edge. of the corresponding disk 56 This extension will strike against a. lug 7 6", which is mounted upon cooperate with the righthand face of the,
plate 66, and the lefthand Push rod 71 will cooperate to reciprocate the pawl-carrying member=62 and causethe ribbon to be wound upon the righthand reel 56; As soon as there is a. certain amount of ribbon upon each reel/the limiting members 76 will occupy their normal position, and the movement of the ribbon will go on step by step until the reversing operation above described is repeated.
The carriage upon which the article is placed upon which it is desired to print the characters'consists in a fiat plate- 87 (see Figs. 3 and 4), which is" provided with flanges 88, which cohperate withthe tracks ion riage is provided, as shown in Fig. 11 with openings 90, and positioned over the surface of the carriage is a clamping member 91, which is hinged to the carriage at 92, and which is provided with a catch 93 to hold it flat upon the carriage when an article (for instance, a sales slip) is placed upon the carriage and under. the clamping member. The catch 93 is shown in detail in Fig. 15 and consists in a two-armed member 94 pivoted to the. clamping member 91 at 95 and having a projection 96, which fits into an opening in the flange 97 on the edge of the carriage, and a spring 98, which tends to swing the two-armed member 94 about the pivot 95. Downwardly from, each side of the carriage, there projects a cam member 99, which controls the stamping mechanism, which will be described hereafter. Directly below the type members, there are mounted, upon the plate 68', which is mounted on the frame A, four sockets 100. In these sockets fit loosely four rods 101, which are secured to the lower face of an impressing pad 102, which is pivoted directly below the type wheels. Springs 103 surround the sockets 100 and rods 101, and tend to press upwardly the impressing pad 102. Secured to the impressing pad 102, there is a plate 104:, which extends down between the springs 103, and which has wings 105, extending out at each side of the springs 103 and under the cam members 99, which are mounted upon the lower face of the carriage. The cam mem' bers 99 are provided with notches 106, so that, as the carriage moves from left to right, the cam members 99 slide along the wings 105, which move into the. notches 106, and each time the wings move 1 into the notches 106 the impressing pad will move upwardly and through an opening in the bed-plate 68 and successively through the openings 90 in the carriage and in the clamping plate 91, and press a piece of paper which is between the carriage and the clamping plate 91 against the inking ribbon which is positioned overthe face of the type.
The carriage is shown in Fig. .4 in its right-hand limiting position, that is, it is farthest in, and a part 99 of each cam bar 99 which extends down below those portions of the cam bar which are between the notches 106 presses the wings 105 down to an especiallv low position. This will permit the locking member or latch 107 to be pushed to the right by the action of the spring 108, which presses upon the collar 109. This will cause the locking member to slide in its supporting members 110 and pass through the plate 104 and thereby restrain the impressing pad from motion under the action of the springs 103.
As the carriage moves out, or to the left in Fig. 4., the actuating member 111 strikes against the arm 112, which is fixed to the shaft 113, which shaft is pivoted to the plate 68. The rocking of this shaft 113 swings the arm 1M which is attached thereto, thereby withdrawing the locking member 107 and permitting the springs 103 to raise the impressing pad until the wings 105 again cooperate with the cam bars 99.
It will be seen from the structure last described that, as the carriage moves inwardly, or to the right, the cam bars 99 slide along the top of the wings 105 until the wings move into one of the notches 106, and then the impressing pad 102 rises and presses the paper upon the carriage against the ribbon which is in front of the type. When the carriage. has reached its limiting inward movement, the wings 105 are pressed down to an extreme position, and the locking member ,107 holds the impressing pad down until the carriage has moved to its limiting outward position and the actuating member 111 has caused the rocking of the shaft 113, which results in the withdrawal of the locking member 107, whereby the impressing member is again released and the wings 105 rest against the cam bars 99.
It may be desirable to prevent one or more of the operations of the impressing pad, and, therefore, I provide supplemental cam members 115, to which is attached an opcrating member 116. These supplemental cam members, are attached to the carriage so that they may be slid along respectively adjacent the camcmembers 99 to prevent the wings 105 from moving into certain notches 106. lVhenthe carriage has reached its limiting inward movement, the member 116 strikes the stud 117, and the supplemental cam members are moved away from the corresponding notches 106.
In order to impart motion to the carriage B, a downwardlv-extending operating arm 118 is attached thereto. To the lower end of this arm is pivoted a link 119. The
shaft G is supported by the frame of the operating mechanism, and it carries a crank arm 120, which is pivoted to the link 119. It will be seen, therefore, that rotation of the shaft G will cause a reciprocation of the carriage B.
Pivoted at 121 to the frame of the operating mechanism is a link 122, in the outer end. of which is mounted the roller 123. which cooperates with the cam 12%. which is fixed to the shaft G. Pivoted to the free end of the link 122 is a link 125, which cooperates with the arm 126 of rock shaft 127. Secured to the rock shaft 127 are a plurality of arms 128, to which are secured respectively links 129. In the plates 14 which support the typepositioning mechanism controlling apparatus. there are curved slots 130, and in these curved slots there is positioned a bar 131, to which are attached the links 129. Cooperating with the bar 131, there is an arm 132 of the link 77, so that the link 77 is rotated about its pivot 7 8 by upward and downward movement of the bar 131.
It will be seen from the structure above of the link 77, it strikes against the cam face 43 of the link 41 and the locking bar 44 is'depressed and the dead-lock member 50 carried by the bar 44 is withdrawn from the path of the latch member 83. Immediately thereafter the sweep member strikes against the pin 135 (Fig. 7), which is secured to the latching member, and thereby moves the latching member to the right against the action of the spring 34 and per mits any latch-operating part 31 which may be positioned against the corresponding flat face 37 of a tongue to swing to its normal position under the action of the spring 25, thereby leaving the type-moving mechanism in normal or restrained position and the controlling apparatus for said mechanism in its normal position with all stop pins inoperatively positioned.
It will be seen that one rotation of the shaft G brings about a complete series of operations, and, in order to impart a single rotation to the shaft, I have devised, as a part of my invention, a clutch which will permit the transmission of power, limited in extent, from a constantly operative source to the shaft G and which clutch will thereafter automatically become inoperative. The source of energy for the operation of my device consists in a'constantly-running electric motor E. The motor drives a worm which drives the worm wheel 138. This worm wheel 138 is loosely mounted on the shaft G. the plate 139, which carries a cylindrical flange 140. The shaft G is provided with an extension 141, to which are fixed two circular plates 142. At equidistantly-spaced radii of these plates, there are positioned, at equal distances from the peripheries of the plates, pivot pins 143, which extend through both plates. Mounted on these pivot pins, there are rocking members 144. Pivoted on the same radii, at points equidistant from the center of the plates and nearer the centers Fixed to the worm wheel 138 is of the plates than the first-named pivots, are links 145. These links carry pins 145, which cooperate withslots "in the rockers 144. The pivot pins 143 are slightly farther from the outer ends of therockers 144 than they are from the inner face of the cylindrical flange 140. It will be seen, therefore, that when the rockers are swung so that they cooperate with the inner flange of the plate 140 they will frictionally engage the inner face of the cylindrical flange 140, and any tendency of the flange'to rotate-will cause an increase of the frictional engagement and will cause the plates which carry the pivots 143 to be moved around with the cylindrical flange 140. In order to bring the outer ends of the rockers 144 into contact with the inner face of the flange 140, springs are provided, which act upon the links 145, tending to rotate them about their pivots, which will cause a rotation of the rockers 144 in a direction to bring them into engagement with the flange 1.40. Rings llflconnect the pins 145, sothat all of the links 145 and rockers 144 act together. The springs would constantly keep the rockers in contact with the flange 140, but means is. provided to prevent this contact until it is desired, 140 is constantly rotated, as above described. One of the rockers 144 carries a lug 147 and the housing 148 which covers the worm The flange wheel 138" carries a pin 149, which isnorgreater than the distance between the flange and the pivot pin. The rotation of the flange 140, therefore, causes the plates 142 to be carried around, and this causes a rotation of the shaft G through the extension 141 thereof. As soon as one rotation has been made, the lug 147 strikes against the pin 149, which has returned to its normal position, and the rocker 144 is moved out of contact with theflange 140 and held out of contact therewith against the action of the springs 151.. andt'he flange 140 continues to rotate while the shaft G remains stationary until the pin 149 is again withdrawn from contact withthe lug 147.
In the operation of my device, a slip of paper is placed upon the carriage and clamped thereupon the clamping member 91. The appropriate keys 31 are pressed to limit the swinging motion of the sweeps 10 and to release the sweeps 10 to swing to rocker and the pivot pin is only slightly such limited position. The type is now set.
1,2eo,eas
are to be made is in position. The motor bar 152 is now pressed down, and a sloping face on one member thereofcooperates with the pin 119, thereby withdrawing the pin 1 19, and permitting the constantly-rotating flange 140 to carry theshaft G around for one rotation. This single rotation of the shaft G will carry the carriage across the face of the type to its inner position, and then will move the carriage back to its outer position, and the bar 131 will also be moved up and down to permit the operation of the ribbon-moving mechanism and to restore the type-positioning mechanism to normal position, as well as release whatever stop pins may be in operative position. The reciprocation of the carriage operates the impressing pad, as above described.
In order to prevent, as far as possible, the operation of the motor bar when the clamping member 91 is in any position except lying flat upon the carriage, I have provided a lock for the motor bar 152, which is illustrated in Figs. 11 and 1 1. In one of the members of the motor bar, there is provided a notch 158, and mounted to reciprocate in one of the supportin plates89 is a blocking member 15%, which 1s adapted to be moved into and out of the notch 153 by means of a link 155, which is connected to the crank arm 156. This crank arm is connected to a rock shaft 157, which is mounted in brackets 158, supported on the plate68. One end 157 of the rock shaft 157 has a square cross-section, and mounted to slide upon this is a lever 159. A spring 160has one end secured to one of the brackets 158, and the other end secured to the lever 159. The spring is so adjusted that it will press the lever 159 to the right of Fig. 13 and will, at the same time, tend to rotate it clockwise, as shown in Fig.12. The clockwise rotation'of the lever 159 moves the locking member 154: into the notch 153. Secured to the hinged edge of the clamping member 91 is a cam member 161, as shown in Fig. 12. When the clamping member 91 is swung down against the carriage, the cam 161 rotates the lever arm 159 counterclockwise and withdraws the locking member 15st fromthe notch 153. The motor bar may now be pressed downward, the carriage will move inward, and the cam 161 will slip off of the lever 159, and the lever 159 will swing clockwise. When the carriage moves outward, the cam 161 will strike against the arm 159 and slide it out toward the end of the rock shaft 157 against the action of the spring 160, as
shown in Fig. 141. The locking member 154, therefore, still remains inthe notch 153, but, when the clamping member is raised, the lever arm 159 will be moved to the right by the action of the spring 160 and will occupy theposition shownin Fig. 13, which is in the path of the cam member 161, so that, when the clamping member 91 is again brought down upon the carriage, the member 161 will swing the lever arm 159 counter-clockwise and withdraw the locking member 154, as above described, so that the motor bar may as operated.
lVhile 1 have described the elements of a combination which, when they are employed together, coperate and produce a unitary result, it is to be understood that, if any of these elements shall be used separately to produce a complete and unitary result, such use in that connection. is to be considered as being entirely within the scope of my invention, for, while I have described a particular embodiment of my invention with great detail, I do not intend that my invention shall be limited thereto, but that such modifications, variations and adaptations of the complete device or the elements of it as may occur to one skilled in the art shall be considered as a part of my invention, and that my invention shall be defined by the hereunto appended claims.
What I claim and desire to secure by Let ters Patent of the United States is the fo1- lowing 1. In a device of the class described, the combination of a type member, an articlesupporting member, said members being relatively movable, means for moving an article relatively to said supporting member and into instantaneous cooperation with said type member for one or more instantaneous complete printing operations during the relative movement of said members and means rendering inoperative said lastnamed means.
2. In a device of the class described, the combination of a type member, an articlesupporting member, one of said members having a fixed position and the other of said members being movable in one plane, and means controlled by the movement of the movable one of said members for pressing together for instantaneous contact said type member and an article supported by said supporting member for one or more instantaneous complete printing operations during relative movement of said members and means for rendering inoperative said first named means.
3. In a device of the class described, the combination of a type member, an article supporting member, one of said members having a fixed position and the other of said members being movable, means for causing contact of said type member and an article supported by said supporting member during relative movement of said members, means carried by the movable one of said members for controlling said last-named means and means for rendering inoperative said first-named means.
' actuated means tending to press together an article carried by said support, and said type, a cam carried by said support and controlling the operation of said last-named means and means rendering inoperative said first-named means.
6. In a device of the class described, the combination of a type member, an article support movable relatively to said member, means tending to impress togethe an article carried by said support and said type 1nember, means acting to restrain said impressing means during motion of said support in one direction, and means controlling the operation of said impressing means during motion of said support in the opposite direction.
7. In a device of the class described, the combination of a type member, an article support movable relatively to said member, means tending to impress together an article carried by said support and said type member, releasable restraining means for said last-named means and operated and released by movement of said support, and means for controlling said impressing means While it is released.
8. In a device of the class described, the combination of a type member, an article support movable relatively to said member, means tending to impress together an article carried by said support and said type member, a cam carried by said support and cooperating with said impressing means to control its operation during motion of said support in one direction, and releasable restraining means for said impressing means for restraining the operation thereof during motion of said support in the opposite direction, said restraining means being set into operation by said cam and released by the movement of said support.
9. In a device of the class described. the combination of type having normal and adjusted settings, mechanism for adjusting the setting or said type to print various characters, an article support, means for relatively moving said article support and said type and for bringing said type to its normal setting, and means operated by the relamechanism, and means independent of said mechanism for holding said stops in oper-. ated posltlon, said mechamsm-holdmg means and said stop holding means being inter-related to cause one to release upon a part being brought into position for engagement by the other.
11. In a device of the class described, the combination of type having normal and adjusted settings, mechanism for moving said type to different settings, means for holding said mechanism against movement from normal position, a series of stops operable into position for limiting the operation of said mechanism, and means for holding said stops in" operated position, said mechanism-holding means and said stop-l'iolding means being inter-related to cause one to release upon a part being brought into holding engagement With the other.
12. In a device of the class described, the combination of type havingnormal and ad justed settings, mechanism for moving said type to different settings, a series of selectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, means independent of said mechanism for holding an operated stop in operative position, and means for releasing said stops upon restoration of said mechanism to normal setting.
13. In a device of the class described, the combination of type having normal and adjustedsettings, mechanism for moving said type to' different settings, said, mechanism including a spring-actuated member, a series of stops for said member, selectivelyop erable devices for moving said stops respectively to operative position, a latch member for said devices movable to hold them in operative position, and releasable restraining means for said member and actuated'by'the movement of said latch member.
14. In a device of the class described, the combination of type having normal and adjusted settings, mechanism for moving said type to different settings, a series of selectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, a latch member for holding an operated stop inoperative position, and means operated by movement of said mechanism beyond normal position for releasing an operated stop. i
15. Ina device of the class described, the
combination of type having normal and ad:
justed settings, mechanism for moving said i type to different settings, a series of selectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, a latch member for holding an operated stop in operative position, and means for restoring said type and mechanism to normal setting and by an excess of operation releasing an operated stop. i i
16. In a device of the class described, the
"combination of type having normal and adjusted settings, mechanism for moving said type to diflerent settings, releasablerestraining means for holding said mechanism in normal position, a series of selectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism as it moves from normal position, and means for restoring said mechanism to the influence of said restraining means and by an excess of operation restoring said stops to normal position.
17. In a device of the class described, the combination of type having normal and ad justed settings, mechanism having normal and operated positions for moving said type to different settings, a series of selectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, a latch member independent of said mechanism for holding an operated stop 1n operative posltlon, and means for restoring said stops and mechanlsm to nor mal position;
18. In a device of the class described, the
combination of type having normal and adjusted settings, mechanism for moving said type to different settings, releasable restraining means for holding said mechanism against movement from its normal position, selectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, and means operable upon release of said restraining means for locking unoperated stops against operation.
19. In a device of the class described, the combinationof type having normal and adjnsted settings, mechanism for moving said type to different settings, a series of selectively operable stops for limiting theoperation of said mechanism, a member for holding said stops in operative or inoperative position and adapted to be moved to permit change of position of said stops, and means for locking said member against movement and set into operation by movement of a sto i 2%. In a device of the class described, the combination oftype having normal and adjusted settings, mechanism for moving said type to different settings, a series of selectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, a member for holding said stops in operative or inoperative position and adapted to be moved to permit change of'position of said stops, and means for locking said member against movement.
21. I11 a device of the class described, the combination of type having normal and adjusted settings, mechanism for moving said type to different settings, a series of selectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, latches for certain of said stops, and means holding said latches in position to fix certain of said stops against movement into operative position and set into operationupon movement of a stop to operative position. i
22. In a device of the class described, the combination of type having normal and adjusted settings, mechanism for moving said type to different settings, a series of selectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, and means for locking said stops against movement and set into operation by movement of said mechanism from initial position. i
23. In a device of the class described, the combination of type having normal and adjusted settings, mechanism having normal and operated positions for moving said type to different settings including means tending'to actuate said mechanism, means for releasably restraining said mechanism, se-
lectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, means actuated -upon release of said mechanism for locking said stops in respectively operated or unoperated position, and means for restoring said mechanism to normal condition, sald restoration acting to release said looking means.
type to different settings, said mechanism including a member having a normal positlon and being movable to operated positions, selectively operable stops for limiting the movement of said member, and means actuated upon movement of said member from and into normal position for locking said stops in respectively operated or unoperated position.
'26. In a device of the class described, the combination of type having normal andadjusted settings, mechanism for moving said type to different settings, a series of selectively operable stops for limiting the operatlon of said mechanism, latches for holding said stops in operated or unoperated ilo able stops to limit'theoperationof-said mechanism, and latches for-said stops :and yieldable to permit unevement of ea stop, said restrainingnieans being operatednby :movement of said latches.
, 28. Inadevice of the class described, the
combination of type having normal and-nadjusted settings, mechanism for moving said typeto different settings, selectively operablestops to limit the operation-of said mechanism, latches for; said stopsiand yieldable to permit movement ot-a stop; saidrestraining means i being operated i-by move- .mentof saidilatchespand a dead-loclr-for said latchesoperated upon movement'ofisaid .mechanism from and to-initial position.
1 29. Ina deviceaofi theclass described, the combination of type having normal and: .ad- I j'usted settings, mechanism "ton IIlOVingl said type to different settings; selectively oper- ,gonble stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, latches for holding said stops! in operated position, and -means actuated by movement of said mechanism to normal position to release said-stops.
5 30. In a device of the class described,-the combination of, type; having normal and-ad justed settings, mechanism for moving said type to .diflerentsettings, selectivelyoperablestops for limiting the operation of-said no mechanism, latches for holding said-stopsiin operated position, and meansactuated by movement of said'mechanism' to normal position to- Withdraw said latches.
31. In a device'of the class described,- type f adjustable .to different settings, mechanism for moving said type to different settings, an inking ribbon positioned over the face of said type, meansxfor producingwrelative vmovement of said-.type and-article toebe .50, printed upon, and. means operated: by said mechanism for rimparting a step-.bystep motionfi-to said ribbon.
E82. In a device of the classv described, a
type member, an. article-supportingcarriage,
-=mechanism for impressing together said type and anarticle supported by said carriage, meanswfor controlling the operation of said impressing mechanism,.a1idfmeans operative during a certain: portion of. the
relative motion of=said members for rendering said last-named means inoperativeto effect the impression together by said mechanism ofianiarticle supported by said carriageand said type. 33.\In a device oftheclass desc'ribedya typemnember, anvarticleasupporting carriage member, saidv members 1 being -mounted .for relative movement, mechanism: for vimpressing. together said typeand an: article sup- ..ported by saidvcarria-ge, a memberxfor con- M trolling the operation of said mechanism and 1 moved 1 by one ofxsa-id members, and means. operative duringaa certain portion of the relative motion of said members .tor i rendering: said. member inoperative-to eflect 5 the impression together. by said. mechanism 7 of an 1 article supported by said carriage and said type. v l p 34. Imatdev-ice of the class tdescribed an article-supporting carriage, a clamp torlse- Z180 curing :11 '11 wt'tI'tlGlB 1 thereto mechanism for k moving said carriage, a:- anember; movable to cotrol. said mechanism.andmeansi for preventing operation of said, controlling-mem- "her I and; dependent :upon; the adjustment of i said clamp! to report ion-closed position.
iIn a :device of the GlELSSsGlBSCTlbQdfthG combination of type-having "normal. andaad- 3 ijusted settings, ,mechanism for moving said 1 type to, different settings,=-,a. series of s'eleca tively: operable istops .for E limiting rthe op eration of said mechanism,- latches for certain. of said stops, and means: for. holding =saidwlatches in position to gfixwcertain of @said steps against. anovement; :into operative 9 5 position, said last-namedv .means being rendered inoperative by move1nent==of said i amechanism townormalposition.
- 36. Ina device. of the class describedathe combination of type having normal: and adjiusted settings .anechatrism for moving said itypetto different settings, auseries or selectively operable stops torylimiting the-operationi of said mechanism, 1 .latches forqcertain lot .said stops tohold 1 them; in: aoperated 5 position means for holding-said latches in :positiom to fix certain ofsaidrstops against movement into operative positioinuisaidlastnamed :means :being rendered inoperative by movement-of said mechanism toe normal 3 5 position, andyimeans wvherebyaany-operated stop is 7 released. by movement of said: mechanism beyorid :normal; position.
37.. i In a device of the class 1ClBSCIlbBd,bhe combination i of type having. an ormal and ad- 1 5 :justed settings, .mech anisnn-forvmoving said -V. type. to different-settings, av series "of. selectively operable; stops :for limiting the mop- .eration .of said mechanism, 2 a member 1 for holding said stops in operative or inopera-g 12 tive position and adapted; to be; moved to permit change of position .ofasa-id .stops; and rmeans "forL-holding saidvmechanism; against movement from initialvposition, said: means being :rendered inoperative by movement of said holding-imember. V
.38. :In a device of the class described-tithe combination of type having; normalandvadjustecl settings, mechanism: formoving said type: to: dflferent settings, a 1 series .of. selec- 13 0 tively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism, a member for holding said stops in operative or inoperative position and adapted to be moved to permit change of position of said stops, means for locking said member against movement and set into operative position upon movement of said mechanism from initial position and means for holding said mechanism against movement from initial position, said means being rendered inoperative by movement of said holding member.
39. In a device of the class described, the combination of type having normal and adjusted settings, mechanism having normal and operated positions for moving said type to different settings, selectively operable stops for limiting the operation of said mechanism and means actuated upon operation of said mechanism for locking said stops in respectively operated or unoperated position and means for restoring said mechanism to normal condition, said restoration acting to release said locking means.
40. In a device of the class described, a type member, an article supporting member, said members being mounted for movement relatively to one another, means for impressing together for one or more instantaneous intervals said type member and article supported by said supporting member for a corresponding number of complete printing operations during relative motion of said members in one direction and means rendering said impressing means inoperative during relative motion of said members in another direction.
41. In a device of the class described, a type member, an article supporting member, said members being mounted for movement relatively to one another, means for impressing together said type member and an article supported by said supporting member, means controlling said impressing means to cause instantaneous impressing together of an article carried by said support for a complete instantaneous printing operation during relative motion of said members in one direction and means rendering said impressing means inoperative during relative motion of said members in another direction.
42. In a device of the class described, a type member, an article supporting member, said members being mounted for movement relatively to one another, means for impressing together said type member and an article supported by said supporting Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the member during relative motion of said members in one direction and means rendering said impressing means inoperative during relative motion of said members in another direction and rendered operative by relative movement of said members in said first-named direction and inoperative by relative movement of said members in another direction.
4E3. In a device of the class described, a supporting carriage, a clamp for securing an article thereto, mechanism for moving said carriage, a controlling member for said mechanism, a lock for said controlling member and operated by adjustment of said clamp to and from open position.
44;. In a device of the class described, a type member, an article supporting member, said members being mounted for movement relatively to one another, means for impressing together said type member and an article supported by said supporting member during relative motion of said members in one direction and a latch for restraining said means, during relative motion of said members in another direction, said means being brought under the influence of and released from said latch by relative movement of said members.
45. In a device of the class described, the combination of a type member and means for relatively moving an article and said type in one direction out of contact and in a second direction to cause one or more instantaneous printing contacts during said first motion and in a third direction out of contact.
46. In a device of the class described, the combination of a type member, and means for relatively moving an article and said type in two directions out of contact and for relatively moving said type and said article into one or more instantaneous printing contacts during relative motion in one of said directions.
47. In a device of the class described, the combination of a type member, means for relatively moving an article and said type in two directions out of contact and for relatively moving said type and said ar ticle into one or more instantaneous printing contacts during relative motion in one of said directions and means rendering said means inoperative to move said type and said article into contact during relative motion in the other of said directions.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification.
PERCIVAL DIGNAN.
Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. G.
US6100415A 1915-11-12 1915-11-12 Printing-machine. Expired - Lifetime US1240828A (en)

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