US1240481A - Process of and machine for treating earthy material. - Google Patents

Process of and machine for treating earthy material. Download PDF

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US1240481A
US1240481A US14914517A US14914517A US1240481A US 1240481 A US1240481 A US 1240481A US 14914517 A US14914517 A US 14914517A US 14914517 A US14914517 A US 14914517A US 1240481 A US1240481 A US 1240481A
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drum
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dust
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Michael A Popkess
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Redcord AS
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C19/00Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving
    • E01C19/48Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving for laying-down the materials and consolidating them, or finishing the surface, e.g. slip forms therefor, forming kerbs or gutters in a continuous operation in situ

Description

M. A. POPKESS.

PROCESS OF AND MACHINE FOR TREATING EARTHY MATERIAL.

APPLICATION FILED APR-4. 1914- RENEWED FEB. 16,1917- Patented Sept. 18, 1917.

Suva 14 mm Michael APnpkess 5 4 SHEETS-SHEET I.

M. A. POPKESS. PROCESS OF AND MACHINE FOR TREATING EARTHY MATERIAL. APPLICATION FILED APR.4, 1914. RENEWED FEB. 16.1917.

1,240,481. PatentedSept. 18, 1917 4 SHEETSSHEET 2.

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PROCESS OF AND MACHINE FOR TREATING EABTHY MATERIAL. APPLICATION FILED APR-4, I914- RENEWED FEB. I6, WI].

1 ,24QA81 I PatentedSept. 18, 1917.

4 $HEETS-SHEET 3.

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M. A. POPKESS. PROCESS OF AND MACHINE FOR TREATING EARTHY MATERIAL.

APPLICATION FILED APR. 4, I9I4- RENEWED FEB. 16.1917- Patented Sept. 18, 1917.

4 SHEETSSHEET 4.

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MICHAEL A. POPKESS, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

PROCESS OF AND MACHINE FOR TREATING EARTHY MATERIAL.

Application filed April 4, 1914, Serial No. 829,549.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, MICHAEL A. PoPKEss, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Processes of and Machines for Treating Earthy Material, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to a process of and a machine for treating earthy material in such a way as to produce a plastic, waterproof and durable substance especially adapted for paving purposes, and consists in the hereinafter described novel means and combinations.

I have heretofore been granted Letters Patent of the United States for the process of treating earthy material and for the material which said process produces, viz., No. 1,008,433, issued November 14, 1911, and the machine of the present application has been designed for carrying out said process and the process claimed herein, the same comprising the new and useful improvements hereinafter described in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which,

Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of the main part of the machine in its preferred form.

Fig. 2 is a plan view of the front portion of the machine, partially in horizontal section.

Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the machine, looking from the back side of Fig. 1 and with the central portion broken away.

Fig. 4 is an end elevation of the front end of the machine.

Fig. 5 is a partial elevation of the rear end of the machine.

Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken on the line 66 of Fig. 4 and on a larger scale, and

Fig. 7 is a detail View, in elevation and section, of one of the pulverizing blades.

The function of the machine, as a whole, is to take earthy material, (by which term is meant any material, such as ordinary soil, loam, clay, peat, or the like, as distinguished from crushed stone, gravel and sand), heat, dry and pulverize sald material into fine dust, separating it as formed from the coarser particles, and then to intimately mix the resulting dust with a liquefied bituminous binder, whereby a product is obtained, which is particularly adapted for surfacing roadways, sidewalks, floors, etc., being homogeneous, dense yet malleable, and waterproof.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 18, 1917.

Renewed February 16, 1917. Serial No. 149,145.

The means for accomplishing can be blown through the drum and escape V unmixed.

Whlle 1t 1s preferable to conduct these operations 1n one continuous rotary drum,

it is not essential to my invention that the said drum rotate or that it be integral from end to end, as it may be stationary and contain revolving means for feeding the material therethrough, or be made in sections. Furthermore the pulverizing chamber portion of the drum may be used alone and the mixing be omitted or done elsewhere, if desired, although the complete arrangement, shown in the drawings, is the preferred form when the surfacing product, referred to above, is to be made. Also the cooperating elements, for pulverizing, spraying and mixing in the successive portions of the drum, may be varied to some extent, all as r will appear from the following description and. as specified in the annexed claims.

An important part of my invention is the construction of the pulverizing cham-- ber, whereby the fine dust is separated, 'as soon as it is formed, from the coarser particles and is progressively fed rearwardly to the spraying and mixing chamber, out of further contact with the pulverizing means, and the whirling gases and steam,--

when heat is employed, and at auniform rate and in a relatively quiescent state.

Another feature of my invention lies in the construction and location of the combustion chamber, by means of which the ma terial is, or may be, heated and dried, while it is being pulverized, said chamber lying within the pulverizing means, the burning or highly heated air and gases passing radially out through said means directly into the flying-dirt. The separated dust is fed rearwardly slowly and evenly into the next portion or chamber of the drum.

Another important feature is the means for spraying the material in the spraying and mixing chamber, whereby any fine dust, which may be carried directly into said chamber by the pulverizing means and by the whirling blast of hot air, steam and gases, is caught by the spray. Also, when the final or impact mixing chamber, shown in the drawings, is used, the parts are so arranged that any fine dust, which may have issued from the inside of the screen cylinder and have passed through the spray, will be caught by the flying mixture of dust and binder, as it is dropped onto and struck by said blades.

The machine shown in the accompanying drawings will now be described.

The frame of the machine is indicated as a whole at 1, and is intended to be mounted on wheels, not shown, so that the machine can be conveniently moved as the work progresses, as in surfacing a road, which is the principal use to which the machine is designed to be put. The machine can, however, be used as a stationary lant, if desired, in which case the resultmg product will be conveyed to the place of use or formed into blocks to be shipped when needed.

The earthy material to be treated in this machine is, as stated, any clay, loam or soil, substantially free from gravel and sandalthough a certain percentage of sand will often be present, or may be peat or the like, and the binder is a relatively soft liquid asphalt, of high penetration.

Certain features of the machine can be used with advantage independently of 'other features; for example, the pulveriz-.

ing and drying features can be used, as stated above, without the spraying and mixing features and, where the material to be treated contains very little moisture, the heating and drying features can be omitted.

Rotatably supported on rollers 2 is a drum 3, which constitutes the said pulverizing, spraying and mixing chambers, said drum being rotated slowly,for example, at 12 revolutions per minute,by pinions 4 meshing with the girth gears 5, the rollers 2 running on tracks 6 adjoining said gears. A motor 7, preferably an internal combustion engine, is mounted on the front end of the frame, and the shaft 8 of which drives the shaft of said pinions, through intermediate gearing, hereinafter described.

The front end of the drum has elevating cleats or shelves 13 secured to its inner periphery and running substantially parallel to its axis. These shelves extend for a short dlstance only within the drum and, beyqnd their rear ends, a screen cylinder 15, preferably made of woven steel wire, is'

secured within said drum by means of a plurality of short plates 16, arranged at an incline, or spirally, so as to feed the dust rearwardlv as the drum and screen cylinder rotate. The screen cylinder is preferably made of larger diameter at its front end than at its rear end, and has elevating shelves 17 secured to its-inner periphery,

.running substantially parallel with its axis,

in the drawings, contains a plurality of short spiral blades 18, secured to the inner periphery of the drum so as to feed the material rearwardly, as the latter rotates. The last section of the drum, which constitutesthe final mixing chamber, contains elevating shelves 19, secured to the inner periphery of the drum, substantially parallel with its axis.

I will now describe the means within said sections or chambers of the drum, which cooperate therewith in the treatment of the material but, before doing so, I will call attention to the fixed casing 20, which surrounds the drum. This casing is closed at its front and rear ends to form an annular space for the hot air and gases which, as they issue from the rear end of the drum, are forced to travel forwardly through said space, to esca e through the flue 21 at the front end of said casing. By this arrangement, the wall of the drum is kept hot and the bitumen is prevented from congealing thereon. To prevent anv material from being thrown out of the rear end of the drum and onto the top thereof, a semi-circular hood 22, which acts as a bafiie plate, is secured to said casing in line with or around the upper half of the rear end of the drum, and a fixed plate 23 is mounted so as to close the lower half of said end. -This hood and plate are only necessary when the impact mixer, shown in Fig.- 1, is used.

-The pulverizing chamber of the drum contains the pulverizing reel 25, to the peripher of which are secured spiral blades 26 an between said blades, openings 27 are formed for the passage of the hot air and gases, which openings may decrease in diameter toward the rear of said reel. Said reel is supported at its front end by a spider plate 24, fast on the hollow shaft 30, the outer portion of said plate being solid and the inner portion containing air openings 72, hereinafter referred to. The annular space between the reel and the drum is closed at the front end by a fixed plate 31.

The shaft 32, supporting the rear end of thereel, has secured to it, a plurality of pipes 34, communicating, through the hollow end of said shaft, with the pipe 35, through which the binder is forced by the pump 36, shown in Figs. 3 and 7, from the tank 38. Said pipes 34 carry, within,,..the

. a plurality of spray nozzles 40, set'so as to deliver convergent sprays, alternately at spraying and mixing chamber of the drum,

right angles to each other.

The rear end of said shaft 32 carries spider arms 42, to the outer ends of which are secured inclined or spiral impact blades 43, which, in coiiperation with the lifting blades 19,- perform the final mixing operation. These blades will not be necessary in all cases, and a mixer, other than an impact mixer, such as a screw conveyer or worm, may sometimes be used instead.

The earthy material is fed into the front end of the drum through a hopper 50, into which it may be raised by a bucket-elevator, indicated at 52 by dotted lines in Fig. 2, from which hopper it passes into a measuring device, comprising a cylindrical casing 53, open at its top to said hopper-and at its bottom to a chute 54, and containing a rotary cylinder 55, having an opening in its periphery equal in size to the openings in the said casing, and driven from the motor by the transmission hereinafter, described. Said chute 54 leads into the horizontal casing 56, containing a screw conveyer or worm 57, driven in unison with said cylinder, said casing opening into the front end of the drum 3 at one side of the pulverizing reel 25.

The pump 36 for the hinder, the measur;

ing device cylinder 55 and the worm 57 are all driven by the motor through an adjustable friction drive, 60, so that their speed is simultaneously controlled. Thefunction of the measuring device is to receive and deliver a certain amount of material at regular intervals, and that of the worm 57 to feed into the drum a substantially uniform stream of material, the amount of binder forced in corresponding to the rate of feed of the material. In this way, the relative proportions of dust and binder, best suited for the work in hand, are automatically controlled, and I may state here that, in the formation of my surfacing product, as described and covered in my said Patent No. 1,008,433, I use a larger amount of bitumen than is ordinarily used in paving mixtures, frequently about 16 per cent, by weight.

At is indicated the liquid fuel or oil burner, which projects into the pulverizing reel through the hollow shaft 30. It may be of any known type, and is fed with highpressure air and oil, and sometimes also with low pressure air surrounding the high pressure feed pipe, which lies axially in the burner. The annular space 71 admits atmospheric air for combustion, and atmospheric air may also be admitted through the spaces 72, surrounding said shaft 30, the inlet to said spaces being controlled by a. valve or damper 73, keyed to slide on shaft 30. The mixture of burning gas and airissues into the hood 75, projecting into the reel and reduced in diameter at its front end, so as to form a combustion chamber in which the atmospheric air mixdslwith the burnin mixture and reduces the temperature o the products of combustion, the mixed air and gases being directed by said hood axially into the reel, and thereby preventing overheating of the front end of the latter.

In practice, it is an advantage to preheat the oil and the air of the forced draft to a certain degree, which can conveniently be accomplished by conducting them in contact with or within the muflier and through the radiator of the motor, respectively.

The drives forthe various moving parts are shown in Figs. 2, 3 and 4:. The crankshaft 8 ofthe motor drives through a chain 9, the countershaft 10 which, in turn, drives,

' through a chain M, the shaft 12, which carries a pinion 76, in mesh with a pinion 77 on the shaft 7 8 earring the girth pmlons 4.

Shaft 10 also drives, through chain 7 9, the

shaft 30 of the pulverizer reel. 80 'and 81 indicate clutches on the shaft 10, by wh ch the pulleys, driving the chains 11 and 79, are 8 connected or disconnected from said'shaft. 82 indicates a transverse travelmg belt or the like, for receiving the product from the rear end of the drum and conveying it.

the material uniformly throughout the transverse travel of said belt Shaft 12 drives, by chain 83, a countershaft 84, carrying the roller of the'friction drive 60, the cotiperating disk of. said drive being carried by a vertical shaft 85, on which is a bevel pinion 86 in mesh with a bevel gear 87 on the shaft 88, which runs to the rear of the machine on the other side of the machine from shaft 10. Shaft 88 carries a worm 89, in mesh with 'a worm wheel 90 on a shaft 91, which drives, by a chain or belt 92, the shaft 93, of the measuring device cylinder 55. Shaft 88 also drives, by a chain or belt 94, the shaft 95, carrying the worm 57, and finally, shaft 88 drives the asphalt pump 36. It will be seen that, when the speed of -the vertical shaft 85 is varied by means of the friction drive 60, the speeds of the measuring device, of the worm and of the pump are all varied, so that the The burner being started up and the m0- tor driving the various parts, the material is fed, by the bucket elevator 52, Or otherwise, into the hopper 50, passes through the measuring device 53 into the casing 55, in which the worm 57 feeds it, in a uniform stream, into the drum 3, where it is picked up by the shelves 13 and dropped onto the front end of the pulverizer reel 25, the blades of which cut and break it up and at the same time feed it rearwardly. To increase the extent of the cutting edges of said blades, I may make them scalloped, as shown in Fig. 7, which also shows holes 97 formed in said blades to diminish the resistance offered by them in revolving. Neither of these features is essential, but they tend to increase the capacity of the machine.

The dirt, thus more or less broken up, soon passes into the portion of the drum containing the screen cylinder, and continues to be subjected to the pulverizing action of the reel blades 26, being dropped thereupon by the shelves 17. The hot air and gases, passing out through the holes 27 assist, of course, in the pulverizing action. Some of the material now becomes fine dust and passes through the screen into the space between the latter and the drum, where it is slowly fed rearwardly by the spiral plates 16. Before it reaches the end of the screen cylinder, something like 95 per cent. of the material has passed through the screen, so that nearly all of it is fed into the spraying chamber slowly and uniformly, and only a very small proportion is carried into said chamber by the whirling air and gases surrounding the reel within the cylinder.

It will be understood that the pulverizing action is carried on in this machine under the most favorable conditions and with the expenditure of a minimum of power. The lumps of earthy material are subjected simultaneously to the cutting and in pact action of the rapidly revolving blades, to the attrition and impact action of particles striking against each other while some are falling and others are being dashed against them, and to the disintegrating effect of the heat which evaporates the mo sture carried by the material, the resulting steam causing the particles to momentarily swell, in which condition they are-the more readily pulverized. The power required is reduced by the separation of the dustas soon as it is formed, as only the coarser particles fall back on the blades and strike other particles, whereas, without the separating screen, the coarser particles would be cushioned, as it gere, by the large percentage of agitated ust.

The rearmost of said spiral plates 16 is longer than the others, making a complete spiral turn around the reel, the object being to feed the dust slowly and uniformly out of said space between the cylinder and drum, and prevent too rapid an issuance of air and gases therefrom.

The dust, delivered evenly from the rear end of the screen cylinder into the spraying chamber of the drum, is carried up for a short distance on the wall of the latter by the spiral blades 18, which also feed it rearwardly, and, at the same time, it is sprayed with the binder issuing from the revolving nozzles 40, by means of which the whole chamber is filled with a mist, so to speak, of whirling spray, whereby any particles of dust, carried into the chamber by the whirling gases, without having passed through the screen, are caught and combined with the binder.

While I prefer to spray the dust in the manner and by the means just described, it can be done, with efficient results in some cases, by stationary, instead of revolving nozzles, and a worm be used to thoroughly mix the dust and binder.

To insure a thorough mixing, and to prevent the possible escape of anyunmixed dust, I provide, in the machine illustrated, the impact mixer, consisting of the spiral blades 43 and the lifting shelves 19, the action of which is, of course, somewhat similar to that of the pulverizing means.

The pulverizer, and its shaft 32, carrying the nozzles and said impact blades 43, revolve at a very much higher speed than the drum, and the result is that all of the dust is thoroughly mixed before being delivered from the rear end of the drum onto the ground or onto a conveying means, such as the belt 82.

Various modifications can, of course, be made in the construction and arrangement of the parts above described and illustrated in the drawings, what I believe to be novel being defined in the following claims:

1. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a drum, means within the same for raising the material toward the top thereof, revolving pulverizing means within said drum upon which the material falls, and means within said drum for collecting the fine dust as it is formed and for main taining it out of further contact with said pulverizing means.

2. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a rotary drum, revolving pulverizing means within said drum upon which the material falls, means between said within said drum to pulverize the material t play heat upon the material being puland at the same time feed it rearwardly, a verlzed, said reel and retaining means berotary screen cylinder between said drum ing constructed and arranged to feed the and pulverizing means, means Within said cylinder to raise the material and drop it onto said pulverizing means, and means between said cylinder and drum to feed the material, which has passed through. the cylinder, rearwardly as said cylinder rotates.

4. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a rotary drum, means to introduce the material into the front end of the same, a revolving pulverizer within said drum, a screen cylinder secured to but spaced away from the inner periphery of the drum, said cylinder being of greater diameter at its frontend than at its rear end and means secured to the inside of said cylinder to raise the material and drop it onto said pulverizer.

5. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a drum, revolving means within the same to pulverize the material and feed it through the drum, means to separate out the fine dust as fast as it is'formed 'and means to feed the separated dust through the drum.

6. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a drum, revolving means within the same to pulverize the material. by repeated impact, means to heat and dry the material while it is being acted upon by said pulverizing means, means to separate out the fine dust as fast as it is formed, and means to feed the separated dust through the drum.

7 In a machine of the class described, the combination of a rotary drum and means to introduce the material into one end thereof, revolving pulverizer blades within said drum, means secured to the inside of said drum to collect the fine dust as it is formed and prevent it falling back upon said blades, and means to force a blast of combustible gas and air into said drum.

8. In a machine of the class described,the combination with a rotary drum and means to introduce the material into one end of the same, of revolving spirally-arranged pulverizer'blades within said drum, a screen between said pulverizer blades and drum and secured to the latter to catch the fine dust and prevent it falling back upon the blades, means between said screen and saididrum to progressively feed the dust rearwardly as they rotate, and liftin shelves secured longitudinally to the insi e of said screen.

9. In a machine of the class described, the

combination of a rotary drum having an inlet for the material at its front end, a pulverizing reel within said drum, means within the drum to repeatedly raise the material and drop it onto said reel, means to retain the fine dust, as'soon as it is formed, from further contact with said reel, and means material rearwardly.

10. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a rotary drum, a screen cylinder therein, lifting shelves on the inside of said cylinder, a plurality of spirally arranged plates between said drm'n and cylinder, a rotary pulverizing reel Within said screen cylinder and having openings in its periphery, and means to force a combustible mixture of air and gas into said reel.

11. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a drum, a rotary pulverizing reel Within the same, means to elevate the material and drop it on said reel, means to direct a blast of heated air and gas into said drum, a screen cylinder between said drum and reel to collect the fine dust as fast as it is formed and means to feed said dust rearwardly in the drum.

12. In a machine of the class described, the combination with a rotary drum and means to feed the material into the front end thereof, elevating shelves secured inside said end, a pulverizing reel mounted within said drum, means to rotate said reel at a higher rate of speed than said drum, a-

screen cylinder secured to said drum and extending around sald reel 1n the rear of said shelves, lifting shelves carried lnside said cylinder, the whole arranged to feed the Y material rearwardly in the drum, and means to play heat into the material as it is fedalong. a

13. In a machine of the class described, the combination With a rotary drum and means to feed the material into the front end thereof, elevating shelves secured inside said end, revolving spiral pulverizing blades within said drum, a screen cylinder between said reel and drum in the rear of said shelves, short spiral plates connecting said cylinder to said drum, and lifting shelves secured to the inside of said cylinder, whereby the material is pulverized and the fine dust collected outside the screen as fast as said drum, and means to deliver the pulverized material in a constant uniform stream, comprising a screen cylinder carried by said drum around said pulverizing means and spirally arranged-y-plates connecting said cylinder and drum, 'wheregcg the material, as soon as it is pulver iz passes through said screen and is slowly fed rearwardly out of contact with the pulverizing means and the blast of air and gas.

15. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a drum and means to feed the material thereinto, a revolving reel carrying pulverizer blades within said drum, a hollow shaft supporting said reel, and having openings in its wall between said blades, and a liquid fuel burner projecting into said drum through said shaft.

16. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a rotary drum and means to introduce the material into one end thereof, elevating shelves carried on the inside of said drum, a relatively rapidly rotating pulverizing reel within said drum, said reel carrying spiral blades and having openings through its wall between said blades, and means to force a combustible mixture of air and gas into said reel.

17. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a rotary drum comprising pulverizing and mixing chambers, a rotary shaft within said drum, pulverizing means carried by said shaft within said gulverizing chamber, spray nozzles carried y said shaft within said mixing chamber, means carried by said drum within both said chambers to raisethe material toward the top thereof, and means to feed a bituminous binder to said nozzles.

18. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a rotary drum compris ing pulverizing and mixing chambers, a rotary shaft within said drum, pulverizin means carried by said shaft within sai Enlverizing chamber, spray nozzles carried y said shaft within saidmixin means carried by said drum within both said chambers to raise the material toward the top thereof, means to feed a bituminous binder to said nozzles, and means to intimately mix the pulverized material and binder together.

19. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a rotary drum, means to deliver a blastof hot air and gas into said drum, means to feed earthy material into the front end of said. drum, revolving means within said drum to pulveriz e said material, means between said drum and pulverizer to catch the fine dust and feed it rearwardly, means within said drum in the rear of said pulverizer to deliver a pinrality of sprays of liquefied binder into said dust, and means to mix the dust with the binder and feed it to the rear end of the drum.

20. In a machine of the class described, the combination with a rotary drum and means to feed earthy material thereinto, of

means within said drum for pulverizingsaid material and means for simultaneously heating and drying the same, means to colchamber, 1

integer lect the fine pulverized material as it is formed and to feed it rearwardly without coming again in contact with said pulverizing means, means to spray said material with a bituminous binder in such a we as 'to catch any particles not so collected, and

means to thoroughly mix said dust with said binder.

:21. In a machine of the class described,

ing chamber, spray nozzles therein and means tosupply a liquid binder thereto; the rear portion of said drum constituting a mixing chamber, revolving means therein, and means on the inside of said drum to progress the material therethrough.

22. In a machine of the class described, arotary drum, means lnslde the same to progress the material therethrough, means i in the front portion of said drum to pulverize, screen and dry the material to dust,

means in the central portion of said drumto spray a liquid binderinto the dust, and means in the rear portion to intimately mix the binder and dust. I

23. In a machine of the class described, the combination with a rotary drum into and through which the earthy material is fedfsuccessive zones of said drum constitutin respectively, a pulverizing and dustco looting cham er, a spraying and mixing chamber, and an impact mixing chamber, and said zones containing, respectively, means for drying, pulverizing and collecting the dust, means for spraying in the binder and mixing it with the dust, and means for further mixing them by impact.

24. In a machine of the class described,

the combination of a rotary drum, revolving pulverizing means within the front portion of the same, means for directing a blast of burning gas and air into the front end of said drum, means in the central portion of the drum to spray a liquid binder into" the material, means in the rear portion of said drum to thoroughly mix the material and binder, and a casing outside said drum, closed at its ends and having an outlet fiue at its front end, whereby the heated air and gases are forced to pass through the drum to its rear end and then forwardly between said drum and casing to escape at the front end of the latter.

25. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a rotary drum, revolving pulverizing means and spray nozzles for the binder within said drum, of means to deliver measured quantities of earthy material into said drum, means to feed a measured quantity of binder to said nozaaeaaei zles, and mechanism, common to and controlling the speed of both said means, whereby both are simultaneously accelerated or retarded.

26. In a machine of the class described, the combination with a rotary drum, means to feed earthy material into one end of the same, means on the inside of said drum to carry said material upwardly as the drum rotates, a hollow rotary pulverizer axially mounted within said drum and carrying spiral blades on its periphery, the latter having openings therethrough between said blades, a liquid fuel burner projecting axially into the front end of said drum, means to supply air under pressure to said burner, a tubular hood surrounding and projecting beyond the nozzle of said burner, the outer end of said hood being of larger diameter than said burner so as to leave an annular space between them for the admission of air drawn in by the fan effect of the pulverizer blades and the injector effect of the burner, the inner-end of said hood being reduced'in diameter so as to form a combustion chamber and to direct the burning air and gas axially into the pulverizer, and means to control the admission of air into said annular space.

27. In a machine of the class described, the combination with means for drying the material, means for pulverizing the same and means for separating out the fine dust, of means for mixing the latter with a. liquid while it is still 110 28. In a machine of the class described, the combination with means for drying the material, means for pulverizing the same and means for separating out the fine dust, of nozzles for spraying said dust with a liquid, a pump for forcing the liquid to said nozzles, means for feeding the material to said drying and pulverizing means, and means for simultaneously varying the speed of said pump and said feeding means.

' 29. In a machine of the class described, the combination with means to pulverize the material, of means to feed the same into the machine, comprising a measuring device, constructed and adapted to feed predetermined quantities at regular intervals, and a continuously acting conveying means, receivingthe material from said measuring device and conveying it in a uniform stream into the machine.

30. In a machine ofthe class described, the combination with a drum in which the material is pulverized to dust and then sprayed with a liquid, of means to deliver the liquid to be sprayed under pressure, a hopper to receive the material to be treated, a measuring device to receive the material from said hopper and deliver it periodically, a screw conveyer to receive the material from said measuring-device and deliver it into the machine in a uniform stream, and power connections, including a common speed-changing means, for driving said pump,said measuring device and said screw conveyer, whereby the proportion of li uid and of material fed int-o the machine is kept integrate, mechanical means to further disintegrate the material and means to collect the dust as soon as it is formed and feed it rearwardly of said drum out of contact with said mechanical means. e5

32. In a machine of the class described, the combination with a drum and means to feed the material thereinto at auniform rate, of means within the front portion of said drum to drive the-moisture out of the material and to pulverize it to fine dust, means, also within said front portion, to collect the dust as fast as it is formed and to feed it into the continuation of said drum at a uniform rate, means to fill said continuation with sprays of liquid, whereby said dust is impregnated with the liquid and means, in the rear portion of said drum, ,to mixthe dust and liquid andfeed it out of said drum.

33. In a machine of the class described, the combination with a drum and means to feed the material thereinto at a uniform rate, of means within the front portion of said drum to drive the moisture out of the material and to pulverize it to fine dust, means, also within said front portion, to collect the dust as fast as it is formed and to feed it into the continuation of said drum at a uniform rate, means to fill said conare tinuation with sprays of liquid, means in the rear portion of said drum to thoroughly mix the dust and liquid, comprising revolving spiral impact blades, and a hood over the upper half of the rear end of said drum to collect the mixed dust and direct it downwardly.

34. In a machine of-the class described, the combination with a drum and means to feed the material thereinto at a uniform 12o rate, of means within said drum for pulverizing the material, comprising means to force thereinto a combustible mixture of heated air and fuel, whereby the moisture is driven off and the material caused to disintegrate, mechanical means to further disintegrate the material, means to collect the dust as soon as it is formed and feed it rearwardly of said drum out of contact with said mechanical means, means in the central portion of said drum to spray the dust with a liquid, and revolving impact means in the rear portion of said drum to thoroughly mix the dust and liquid.

35. In a machine of the class described, the combination with a drum and means to feed the material thereinto at a uniform rate, of means within said drum for pulverizing the material, comprising means to force thereinto a combustible mixture of heatedair and fuel, whereby the moisture is driven off and the material caused to disintegrate, mechanical means to further disintegrate the material, means to collect the dust as soon as it is formed and feed it rearwardly of said drum out of contact with said mechanical means, means in the central portion of said drum to spray the dust with a liquid, revolving impact means in the rear portion of said drum to thoroughly 'mix the dust and liquid, and means below the rear end of the drum to convey the mixed material transversely of the machine.

36. In a machine of the class described, the combination with the frame and a prime mover mounted thereon, of a drum rotatably supported on said frame, connections between said drum and said prime mover whereby the former is slowly rotated, means, also connected with said prime mover, to

'feed material into the front end of said drum,means within the latter to carry the material up toward the top of the same, a pulverizer reel mounted within said drum, connections between said reel and said prime mover whereby the former is rotated at a relatively high speed, means within said drum, to the rear of said reel, to spray and mix the pulverized material with a liquid binder, an endles belt running transversely of the machine from beneath the rear end of said drum, connections between. said belt and prime mover and scraper blades of progressively increasing length, supported by the frame over said belt, whereby the mixed material can be delivered uniformly upon the roadway.

37. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a drum, means within the same to constantly raise material toward the top thereof, a rotary pulverizing reel, having openings in its periphery, mounted within said drum, a liquid fuel burner projeoting into said reel, a combustion chamber surrounding said burner and means to regulate the admission of atmospheric air to said chamber.

38. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a drum, means within thoroughly togethe the same to constantly raise material toward the top thereof, a rotary pulverizing reel, having openings in its periphery, mounted within said drum, a liquid fuel burner projecting into said reel, a combustion chamber surrounding said burner, means to regulate the admission of atmospheric air to said chamber, and means within said drum to the rear of said reel to spray and mix the pulverized material with a liquid.

39. In a machine of the class described,

the combination of a drum, means within the 7 same to constantly raise material toward the top thereof, a rotary pulverizing reel, having openings in its periphery, mounted within said drum, a liquid fuel burner projecting into said reel, a combustion chamber surrounding said burner, means to regulate the admission of atmospheric air to said chamber, means within said drum to the rear of said reel to spray the pulverized material with a liquid, and means within said drum to the rear of said spraying means to mix the pulverized material and liquid by repeated impact.

40. The process of producing material for use in surfacing roads, making brick and the like, consisting in taking earthy material in a cold and damp state and a binder having adhesive and waterproof properties, and

' the like, consisting in taking earthy material in a cold and damp state and an asphaltic binder having adhesive, and waterproof properties, and mixing the said ingredients r and then passing the mixture through a disintegrator to comminute-the same.

42. A machine for preparing paving material comprising a-mixer, a disintegrator, means to operate both mixer and disintegrator, means to deliver a measured quantity of earthy material to said mixer, means to deiiver binding material to said mixer in quantity proportioned to the quantity of earthy material delivered to said mixer, and means to automatically deliver mixed material from said mixer to said disintegrator.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.

IVHCHAEL A. POPKESS. V'Vitnesses:

FRANK MQGRANE, HARRY L. Pownmi.

US14914517A 1917-02-16 1917-02-16 Process of and machine for treating earthy material. Expired - Lifetime US1240481A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3614071A (en) * 1970-05-25 1971-10-19 Cmi Corp Asphalt plant dryer-mixer
US3693945A (en) * 1971-01-20 1972-09-26 Cmi Corp Asphalt preparation plant
US3809373A (en) * 1972-03-10 1974-05-07 Cmi Corp Asphalt preparation plant
US3986889A (en) * 1968-10-15 1976-10-19 Wibau (Wesdeutsche Industrie- Und Strassenbaumaschinen-Gesellschaft M.B.H.) Method of producing a mixture of bitumen and subdivided solid mineral matter
US4039171A (en) * 1976-06-24 1977-08-02 Boeing Construction Equipment Company Drum dryer/mixer
US4174181A (en) * 1978-04-17 1979-11-13 Cmi Corporation Method and apparatus for establishing aggregate cascade zones in an apparatus for producing hot mix asphalt
US4240754A (en) * 1978-01-23 1980-12-23 Mendenhall Robert Lamar Asphaltic concrete patch mixing and heating apparatus and method
US4262429A (en) * 1976-01-26 1981-04-21 Avril Arthur C Method of and apparatus for drying materials
US4272212A (en) * 1979-06-15 1981-06-09 Andrew J. Bauer, Jr. Method and apparatus for rejuvenating and recycling asphalt
US5470146A (en) * 1986-06-30 1995-11-28 Standard Havens, Inc. Countercurrent drum mixer asphalt plant
US5538340A (en) * 1993-12-14 1996-07-23 Gencor Industries, Inc. Counterflow drum mixer for making asphaltic concrete and methods of operation
US6146453A (en) * 1998-09-18 2000-11-14 Nigro; August M. Method and apparatus for recovering and recycling sludge and product thereof
US20070070801A1 (en) * 2005-09-23 2007-03-29 Cedarapids, Inc. Pre-combustion mix drum
US8220982B2 (en) 2008-07-22 2012-07-17 Terex Usa, Llc Energy efficient asphalt plant

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3986889A (en) * 1968-10-15 1976-10-19 Wibau (Wesdeutsche Industrie- Und Strassenbaumaschinen-Gesellschaft M.B.H.) Method of producing a mixture of bitumen and subdivided solid mineral matter
US3614071A (en) * 1970-05-25 1971-10-19 Cmi Corp Asphalt plant dryer-mixer
US3693945A (en) * 1971-01-20 1972-09-26 Cmi Corp Asphalt preparation plant
US3809373A (en) * 1972-03-10 1974-05-07 Cmi Corp Asphalt preparation plant
US4262429A (en) * 1976-01-26 1981-04-21 Avril Arthur C Method of and apparatus for drying materials
US4039171A (en) * 1976-06-24 1977-08-02 Boeing Construction Equipment Company Drum dryer/mixer
US4240754A (en) * 1978-01-23 1980-12-23 Mendenhall Robert Lamar Asphaltic concrete patch mixing and heating apparatus and method
US4174181A (en) * 1978-04-17 1979-11-13 Cmi Corporation Method and apparatus for establishing aggregate cascade zones in an apparatus for producing hot mix asphalt
US4272212A (en) * 1979-06-15 1981-06-09 Andrew J. Bauer, Jr. Method and apparatus for rejuvenating and recycling asphalt
US5470146A (en) * 1986-06-30 1995-11-28 Standard Havens, Inc. Countercurrent drum mixer asphalt plant
US5538340A (en) * 1993-12-14 1996-07-23 Gencor Industries, Inc. Counterflow drum mixer for making asphaltic concrete and methods of operation
US6146453A (en) * 1998-09-18 2000-11-14 Nigro; August M. Method and apparatus for recovering and recycling sludge and product thereof
US20070070801A1 (en) * 2005-09-23 2007-03-29 Cedarapids, Inc. Pre-combustion mix drum
US8220982B2 (en) 2008-07-22 2012-07-17 Terex Usa, Llc Energy efficient asphalt plant
US8506155B2 (en) 2008-07-22 2013-08-13 Terex Usa, Llc Pre-aggregate drying method and energy efficient asphalt plant

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