US1230241A - Printing mechanism for cash-registers. - Google Patents

Printing mechanism for cash-registers. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1230241A
US1230241A US85176214A US1914851762A US1230241A US 1230241 A US1230241 A US 1230241A US 85176214 A US85176214 A US 85176214A US 1914851762 A US1914851762 A US 1914851762A US 1230241 A US1230241 A US 1230241A
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shaft
frame
printing
gear
strip
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US85176214A
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Edward J Von Pein
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NCR Voyix Corp
National Cash Register Co
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NCR Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06CDIGITAL COMPUTERS IN WHICH ALL THE COMPUTATION IS EFFECTED MECHANICALLY
    • G06C7/00Input mechanisms
    • G06C7/10Transfer mechanisms, e.g. transfer of a figure from a ten-key keyboard into the pin carriage

Definitions

  • the machine shown herein is provided with devices for printing indorsements on the backs of checks printing on the face of a check the amount for which the check is drawn or indorsed, printing the name of the drawer of the check, the consecutive number and the date on the faces of checks issued, listing on a record strip retained in the machine items of which a permanent record should be kept, and for listing a series of items on a record strip which can be torn off and used for checking off the items listed.
  • Another object is to provide means for controlling a pliu'ality of printing devices such as just mentioned so that desired combinations of them may be rendered effective at an operation of the machine.
  • this controlling mechanism is operated by the totalizer selecting means so that the proper combination of printing devices to take care of the difi'erent kinds of transactions is rendered effective as an incident to the selection of the totalizers.
  • the controlling devices might readily be operated by means having no connection with totalizer selecting mechanism so that desired combinations of the printing devices could be rendered effective without reference to the nature or class of an item entered in a totalizer.
  • Another object is to provide driving con- 'nections whereby a printing device which may be adjusted to different positions, as, for example, to accommodate different sizes of checks, can be so adjusted without at any timedisabling said driving connections.
  • Another object is to provide an improved multiple record strip mechanism. In the present embodiment the selection of a totalizer to receive an entry predetermines the record strip which will be brought to effective position to receive a printed record of the entry.
  • the feeding mechanism comprises an element having an invariable extent of movement and carrying a feeding pawl. These parts are operated. to feed the record strip during the forepart of the operation or before the impression is taken from the type.
  • An adjustable stop is provided for disabling the pawl before the end of the driving stroke of its carrying element. This brings the strip to a stop before the impression is taken, preventing the mutilation of the strip or the smearing of the amounts as they are printed.
  • the factthat the stop is adjustable provides a convenient means for regulating the width of the spaces between the printed items.
  • Figure 1 is a reduced left elevation of the machine and shows the multiple totalizers, the totalizer selecting mechanism and certain features of the improvement.
  • Fig. 2 is an enlarged rear View of the printing mechanism and controlling devices associated therewith.
  • Fig. 3 is a right hand elevation of the machine on a reduced scale.
  • Figs. 3* and 3 combined constitute a right hand view of the printing mechanism, parts of the same being omitted for the sake of clearness.
  • Fig. at is a front elevation of the printing mechanism and parts of the driving mechanism.
  • Fig. 5 is a top plan view on a reduced scale of the sliding carriage and the record strip devices supported thereby on a reduced scale.
  • Figs. 6, 7 and 8 show in detail features of the printer controlling devices, particularly the relative positions of certain parts of said devices, and looking to the left end of the machine.
  • Fig. 9 is a detail of the record strip feed ing mechanism.
  • Fig. 10 is a detail of the mechanism for moving the record strip carriage to place the desired strip in effective position.
  • Fig. 11 is a detail of the cams for operating the record strip positioning devices and the strip device actuator.
  • Fig. 12 is a detail, partly in section, of feeding rollers comprised by one of the strip devices.
  • F 13 is a detailed top plan of gearing for connecting and disconnecting one of the printing devices and the driving mechanism.
  • Figs. 14 and 15 are specimen checks showing the printing done thereon by the different printing devices, Fig. 1a representing a check issued by the user of the machine and Fig. 15 a check received and indorsed to the bank of the user.
  • Fig. 16 is a reduced detail of the sliding strip frame. 1
  • the machine to which the invention is shown applied has nine totalizers mounted in the usual rotatable reel with a manually adjustable lever and connections whereby the reel can be. rotatedto bring any desired totalizer into cooperative relation to a set of actuators common to all of the totaliliers.
  • Five of these totalizers may be used for registering items such as the cash transactions handled by individuals, one may be used in the same way as an adding machine for totaling a series of items, another for totaling the checks indorsed as for deposit in bank, another for totalizing the amounts for which checks are issued, and the remain ing one for totalizing the checks indorsed and cashed at the bank by the indorser.
  • the printing mechanism comprises a set of type carriers set up under the control of a key board. Said mechanism also comprises five different printing devices. These are given names which are to a certain extent arbitrary, but which will be used as consistently as possible throughout the description and claims to prevent any doubt as to just what is meant when one of the names is used. The five devices are as follows:
  • the devices provided for printing on the faces of inserted checks the amounts for which the checks are drawn or indorsed. These devices are usually spoken of herein as the amount printing mechanism.
  • the second is the mechanism for printing on the faces of checks the name of the drawer, the date and the serial number of a check. This mechanism is usually termed herein the check issuing mechanism.
  • the third set of devices is provided for printing indorsements on the backs of checks and is simply described as the indorsing mechanism.
  • the remaining two devices are the strip printing devices, either of which may be brought to position to, be operated to receive an impression from the common set of type carriers.
  • One of these strip devices is arranged so that the strip is fed out of the machine as items are printed thereon so that the strip may be torn off and used for checking off the items listed. This is described herein as the checking strip mechanism.
  • the other strip devices is arranged to wind the strip, on a storage roll as the amounts are printed on said strip. This strip is arranged to receive the entry of items of which a permanent printed record should be retained in the machine and has, therefore, been named the permanent record strip mechanism.
  • the five devices are, in the present embodiment, rendered effective in various combinations to take care propcrly of items of the different classes by controlling devices operated as an incident to adjustments of the totalizer selecting lever to position the desired totalizer.
  • This controlling mechanism comprises a shaft rotated through suitable connections by operations of said lever and carrying stud bearing disks, one of these disks also carrying a cam, all arranged to operate connections which render their corresponding printing devices effective or ineffective depending upon the position to which the shaft and disks have been rotated.
  • the indorsing device is shown as being capable of adjustment to different positions. The purpose of this is to accommodate checks of different lengths, that is to make it possible to position the indorsing device at the proper dis tance from the type carriers to permit printing both the indorsement on the back and the amounton the face of an inserted check at the same operation.
  • the type for printing the indorsement are carried by a rotatable cylinder.
  • this cylinder must necessarily ha ve a normal starting point and to insure its remaining in position the cylinder is locked against rotation during adjustment of the indorsing mechanism from one position to another.
  • a driving gear having a fixed axis is provided for driving the cylinder. Gears intermediate the driving gear and the cylinder are pivoted to links arranged to permit the adjustment of the indorsing device from one position to an other without at any time disabling the driving connection formed by said intermediate gearing.
  • the multiple record strip mechanism mentioned above comprises a sliding carriage to which are pivoted two rock frames for the record strips.
  • a single actuating or operating element is provided for rocking whichever frame has been positioned in cooperative relationship.tothe operating element. WVhen a frame is rocked a platen carried thereby presses its strip against the type carriers to take an impression from the yp
  • the devices for moving the sliding carriage are, as before stated, controlled by the totalizer selecting mechanism.
  • a pivoted element adjacent the carriage is operatively connected to the carriage so that if said element is rocked in either direction about its pivot the carriage will be moved.
  • the pivoted element is rocked by a pitman having an invariable extent of movement at each operation, but so controlled by the controlling mechanism that it may be caused to engage said pivoted element at either side of its pivot, thereby rocking said element and sliding the carriage in either clirection as desired to position the proper record strip to receive an impression of the item entered in the machine.
  • a gear 20 shown partly broken away at the bottom of Fig. 4.
  • This gear 20 is always meshed with a gear 21 rotatably mounted
  • the gear 21 is indicated simply by its pitch line in Fig. 3. Meshing with. the gear 21 is a gear 23 ournaled on the shaft 24 and meshing with a gear 25 rotatably mounted on the printer frame 22.
  • the gear 25 meshes with a smaller gear 26 secured to one end of a sleeve 27 journaled on a short shaft supported by the printer frame 22 and the machine frame said sleeve carrying at its other end a gear 28 of the same diameter as the gear 26 and meshing with a large intermediate gear 29, (Fig.
  • the gear 29 is rotatably mounted on a stub shaft in the machine frame 32. Spacing collars 31 hold the gears 26, 28 and 29 at the proper distance from the machine frame. Meshing with the large intermediate gear 29 is a gear 33 fast to a shaft 34 (Figs. 2 and 4) and in turn meshing with a gear (Figs. 2 and 3) secured to a shaft 36.
  • the shafts 34 and 36 extend across the machine and are the main driving shafts for the mechanism.
  • a gear 37 of the same diameter as the gear is also secured to the shaft 36 and drives a gear 38 fastened to a shaft 39 journaled in the printer frame 22' and machine frame 32.
  • the gearing described is so proportioned that for each two turns of the gear 20, the shafts 34, 36 and 39 each. make a complete rotation; As will fully later, all but one of the various printing mechanisms are operated from these three shafts.
  • the multiple totalizer mechanism and the totalizer selecting devices are shown in Fig. 1.
  • the machine has nine totalizers. These are supported by a reel 40 rotatably mounted on a shaft 41 carried by a sliding frame 42.
  • a lever 43 attached to a shaft 44 ournaled in the adjacent machine frame 45 carries a rack 46 meshing with the teeth 47 of a segment gear journaled on a short shaft 48. Rigid with the segment gear 47, is a second segment gear 49 meshing with a pinion 51, fastened to and concentric with the totalizer reel 41.
  • the selected totalizer is carried up into engagement with said actuators by a cam 54 acting against a roller attached to the side of an element operatively connected to the sliding frame 4-3.
  • the sliding frame 4L2 is lowered by a cam 56 acting against a roller 57 attached to the sliding frame L2.
  • the cams 5st and 56 are both fastened to the main driving shaft 3 1-, which shaft it will be remembered receives one complete rotation at each operation of the machine.
  • the mechanism for moving the t-otalizers in and out of engagement with the actuators is more fully described and shown in the hereinbefore mentioned patents.
  • the studs are arranged on the disks 64:, G5 and 66 in two series, one series on each side of the disks, and the two upwardly extending arms of the three armed levers, are staggered as shown in Fig. 2, so that each arm cooperates only with the studs on one side of a disk.
  • the third arms of the levers operate connections controlling four of the five printing devices.
  • the fifth printing device is controlled by a cam on the disk 66.
  • the printing mechanism.- comprises a set of type carriers 81 (Figs. 3, 3. and l) These carriers are equipped with two sets of type on their peripheries, the like type being diametrically opposite so that two impressions may be taken at the same time from the opposite sides of said carriers.
  • One of the type carriers is operated by mechanism directly connected to the lever 43, while the others are operated by the differential mechanism controlled by the banks of keys Three of the live printing devices take their impressions from this set of the type carriers
  • the ink for the type carriers is supplied by pads 82 and 83 (Figs. 3 and 3) the former inking the upper set of type and the latter the lower type.
  • cam groove 97 formed in the side of a disk 98 rigidly at tached to the shaft 84.
  • the configuration of the cam groove 97 is such that the rack 94 is raised gradually during the early part of the operation, and rocks the elements 91 about their pivots 92 until by the time the type carriers are fully positioned by the differential mechanism, the pad 82 is resting above and the pad 83 below the type carriers 81. Both pads are then pressed against the type, (by means which will be described fully later) after which the rack 9 is re stored to normal position and the ink pads swung back to the positions in which they are shown in Figs. 3 and Amount printing device.
  • Thls is the mechanlsm for printing the amount of a registration on the face of a check or similar paper inserted in the printer and comprises a platen 101 (Fig. 3 adjustably mounted in a bar 102 having upwardly extending ears 103 pivoted at 104 to arms 105 secured to a rock shaft 106.
  • One end of the shaft 106 is journaled in a plate 107 secured by screws 108 to studs 109 (Fig. 4) attached to the printer frame
  • the other end of the shaft is journaled. in and extends through said frame 22.
  • Cooperating with this stud is a notch in the lower end of apitman 113 slotted at its upper end to straddle the shaft 34, and
  • the cam groove 115 is so shaped that the pitman 113 is first thrust downward a certain distance, and then partially returned toward normal. lt is then thrust downward a greater distance, after which it is restored to its original starting point.
  • the first movement of the pitman through the mechanism described, forces the platen 101 down far enough to press against the type carriers the ink pad 82, which has by this time been brought between the platen and the type carriers.
  • the partial return toward normal of the pitman 113 withdraws the platen far enough to free the ink pad and permit pits withdrawal, after which the secondthrust of the pitman presses the inserted check against the type carriers 81 to take an impression from the type.
  • a plate 98 supported by the two lower ones of the studs 109to which plate 107 is attached, has an opening through which the platen and its carrying bar 102 operate. Said opening is so arranged that the plate acts as a guide for the platen.
  • a gripper 124 (Fig. 3). This gripper is pivoted on'one of the plate supporting studs 109 and rests against the top of a screw 110 set in the platen carrying bar 102.
  • a spring (not shown) rocks the gripper 124 about its pivot untilthe rear end of the gripper contacts the inserted paper and holds it against the top of the supporting table 125. This movement is permitted by a. slot (not shown) in the plate 98
  • the gripper 124 is withdrawn and the paper freed so that it can be removed.
  • the pitman 113 isnormally held forward with the notch in its lower end in engagement with the stud 112 by a spring 117 having one endfastened to the pitman and the other to a stud in the printer frame 22.
  • a spring 117 having one endfastened to the pitman and the other to a stud in the printer frame 22.
  • a lever 118 (Figs. 3, 3 and 6) pivoted on a stud 119 on the printer frame 22 carries at its upper end a stud 121 extending through a slot 122 in the pitman 113. The lower end of the lever 118 rests against the periphery of the disk 66. A cam 123 on the periphery of said disk will, when the totalizer selecting lever is at certain positions, engage the lever 118 and rock it clockwise, Figs.
  • This spring 126 is superior enough in strength to the spring for operating the gripper arm 124 to hold the platen mechanism in normal position when the pitman 113'is disabled.
  • the second of the printing devices as
  • a cylinder 131 (Fig. 3 carrying in its interior the date and consecutive number printing mechanism. This mechanism is well known in the art and needs no explanation.
  • the cylinder 1.31 is rigidly attached to the shaft 24 (Fig. 1-) upon which the driving gear 23 described above is rotatably mounted. Rigid with the gear 23 is a gear 132 (Figs. 4: and 13) and secured to the shaft 24 is a gear 133.
  • a broad toothed pinion 134 is arranged to be thrown in and out of engagement with the gears 132 and 133, thereby forming a driving connection between the driving mechanism proper and the cylinder 131.
  • This broad toothed pinion is rotatably mounted at the upper end of an arm 136 secured to a short shaft 137 journaled in the printer frame to which shaft is also attached an arm 138.
  • Pivoted to the lower end of arm 138 is one end of a link 141-1 (Figs. 3 and 6) pivoted at its other end to the downwardly extending arm of the three armed lever 72.
  • This lever is rocked in one direction or the other by the studs on the disk 65. These studs are so positioned on the disk with reference to the lever 13 that at certain positions of said lever the link 14-1 is thrown forward and the broad toothed pinion 13st swung into mesh with the gears 132 and 133.
  • the shaft 1241 and the cylinder 131 carried by said shaft are given one complete rotation, during which the type carried by the cylinder are inked and consecutive number and name of the drawer are printed on the check.
  • the ink is supplied by an inking roller 14-3 with which the type come in contact as the cylinder 131 is turned.
  • Fig. 141 on a check issuing operation the amount for which the check is drawn is printed below the matter printed by the cylinder 131. This amount is printed by means of the platen 101 from the type carriers 81. In order to bring the amount in proper relation to the other information printed on the check, the check must be fed. over the cylinder 131 to receive an impression from its printing devices and carried rearward far enough. to bring the proper point on thecheck under the platen 101. This is accomplished in the usual way by flanges 141-4. Figs. 3 and 41-) carried bythe cylinder and cooperating with a roller 14-5 rotatably mounted above the cylinder 131 and at the proper distance therefrom to be engaged by said flanges as the cylinder is rotated.
  • the feeding flange 141 is cut away so as not to grip the check against the roller 1415 until shortly after the operation of the machine is commenced.
  • the consecutive numbering wheels, the date and the .eleetrotype are positioned on the cylinder 131 to print as soon as possible after the flange 1-141- begins to feed the cheek, and said flange is long enough in this instance to feed the check through to bring the proper point on the same under the platen 101.
  • the platen is then operated as above described to take an impression of the amount for which the check is drawn as set up on the type carriers 81.
  • the third of the five printing devices is the indorsing mechanism.
  • This mechanism is arranged to print the usual indorsement on the back of inserted checks, as shown in Fig. 15, and is similar in its operation to the check issuing mechanism described in the foregoing. That is to say, it prints all of the indorsement except the date from an electrotype attached to a rotatable cylinder 151 (Fig. 3") equipped with flanges 15 1 arranged to feed the check forward toward the type carriers 81 as the indorsement is printed.
  • the date of the indorsement is printed from the usual date wheels carried in the interior of the cylinder.
  • the indorsing mechanism comprises an inking roller 152 for inking the electro-type, and an impression roller 153 cooperating with the electrotype and feed ing flanges 15 1- on the cylinder to print the indorsement and feed the check.
  • the cylinder 151, the inking roller 152, and the im pression roller are rotatably mounted on shafts j ournaled in a frame arranged to slide back and forth along rails 156 and 157.
  • the purpose of this sliding movement is to permit positioning the indorsing cylinder 151 at different distances from the type carriers 81 so that the indorsement and the amount for which the indorsement is made can be printed at one operation .on checks of different lengths.
  • the lower rail 157 is rigidly attached to printer frame 22, but the upper rail 156 has slots through which pass screws 15S attach ing said rail. to the printer frame 22. This slotted connection is provided to permit a certain amount of adjustment of the rail 156. Adjusting screws 161 set in the upper edge of the rail cooperate with lugs 162 on the printer frame 22 and by turning these screws in either direction the distance between the rails 156 and 157 may be regulated.
  • Both of the rails and the frame 155 are equipped with ball races 163 in which are placed ball bearings 16+l to make the adjust ment of the frame along the rails as nearly frictionless as possible.
  • This latch mech anism comprises a rack 165, Figs. 2, 3 and 3 supported by studs 166 on the printer frame 22.
  • a latch plate 167 slotted as at 168 and 16$ to straddle respectively a rock shaft 171 .the rack 165.
  • rock shaft 171 Attached to the rock shaft'171 is an arm 175 carrying a stud 176 extending through a short slot 177 in the latchplate 167.
  • One end of the rock shaft 171 is provided with a handle 178 by means of which the shaft 171 may be rocked against the tension of a spring 179 (Fig. 2) surrounding said shaft, thereby causing the arm 175 to slide the plate 167 downward far enough to disengage the nose 181 of the plate from While the plate is held in this lowered position by means of the handle, the frame 155 may be adjusted to any position desired and the handle 178 released allowing the spring 179. to restore the rock shaft to its original position and engage the nose 181 on the latch plate 167 with the proper notch in the rack 165.
  • anotheiythe latch plate 167 In order to prevent the cylinder 151 from rotating during this adjustment from one position to anotheiythe latch plate 167 is provided with a stud 183 which when said plate is drawn down by operation of the handle 178 engages a notch 181 in the edge of a disk 185 rigid with the cylinder 151 and prevents the cylinder from rotating as long as the handle 178 is depressed.
  • the cylinder151 is drivenfrom the driving shaft 36. Rigidl'y attached to said shaft is a gear 186, Fig. 2. Adjacent to the gear 186 is a gear 187 secured to a sleeve 188 loose on the shaft 36 and having attached to its other end a gear 189.
  • a broad toothed pinion 191 is provided for connecting gears 186 and 187 when the indorsing cylinder 151 is to be driven.
  • This broad toothed pinion is rotatably mounted on a stud on the upper end of an arm 192 attached to a shaft 193 journaled :in the printer frame 22, and having. attached to its opposite end a rearwardly extending arm 19 1.
  • the arm 192 has a downwardly extending portion 198 provided with a tooth which. is swung into engagement with the gear 187 as the broad toothed pinion 191 is disengaged from the gears. At the same time the pinion is carried into engagement with a pin 200 on the frame 22 to prevent rotation of the pinion.
  • Power is transmitted from the gear 189 through intermediate gears to a gear 201, Figs. 2 and 3, rigid on the shaft 172 to which the cylinder 151 is attached.
  • the intermediate gears are designated by the niunerals202 and 203, Figs. 2 and 3.
  • a series of links 204:, 205 and 206 are provided, the series being pivoted at one end on the shaft 36 and at the other on. the shaft 172 carrying the cylinder 1.51.
  • the links 204; and 206 have fastened thereto studs 207 and 208respectively, forming supports for the third link 205 and projecting far enough to form axes for the intermediate gears 202 and 203.
  • the links 204, 205 and 206 are caused to buckle up and the gears 202 and 20?) are rotated slightly with reference to each. other and to the gears 189 and 201, but all of the gears remain in mesh. I This permits adjustment of the frame 155 and the parts carried thereby without at any time ('lisabling the driving connection between the driving gear 189 and the driving gear 201 rigid with the cylinder.
  • the sliding adjustment of the frame 155 makes desirable some form of support for the inserted check other than the usual table. For this reason there is provided a belt 211 supported by four studs, as shown in Figs. 2, ⁇ a and 3 and passing through slots in a plate 218 partially surrounding the impression roller 153 and arranged to prevent the belt from contacting said roller.
  • A, spring 2141 connects the ends of the belt and serves to keep it taut.
  • the sliding frame is designated in the various figures by the numeral 215. As bestshown in Figs. 4 and 16 it is mounted in slides 216 carried by the printer frame 22. Rigid on the frame 215 is an arm 217, Figs. 5, 6, 10 and 16 carrying a stud 21S engaging a slot in the upper end of an arm 219 pivoted as at 221 to the printer frame 22. It is apparent that by rocking this arm about its pivot the frame 215 may he slid in either direction.
  • the means for rocking the arm 219 com prises studs 222 carried by oppositely extending portions of the arm 219 and projecting through curved openings 223 in the printer frame 22, and a pitman 224.
  • Said pitman is slidably supported at its upper end by the shaft 36 and is provided with an anti-friction roller 225, Fig. 11, projecting into a. cam groove 226 in a disk 227 attached to a shaft 36.
  • the shaft 36 is one of the main driving shafts and is given a complete rotation at each operation of the driving mechanism.
  • the cam groove 226 is so formed that during the rotation of the shaft the pitman 224 is F invariably raised and then lowered at each operation.
  • said pitman At its lower end said pitman has oppositely extending projections 231 and 232 to cooperate with the studs 222.
  • the pitman 224 can be swung slightly about the shaft 36 so as to bring either the projection 231 or the projection 232 under the corresponding stud.
  • the arm 219 will be rocked about its pivot and slide the frame in the corresponding direction.
  • This mechanism it will be seen permits moving the frame 215 to the desired position by an operation of the driving mechanism and leaving it in that position during successive operations or until it is desired to position the other record strip. In other words the sliding frame 215 is not necessarily moved at each operation of the operating mechanism.
  • the pitman 224 is slotted at its lower end to receive a stud 233 carried by the clownwardly extending arm of the three armed lever 73.
  • the studs in the disk 66 006perating with said lever 73 are so arranged that as the totalizer selecting lever is ad justed from one position to another the arm 73 may be rocked and, through the stud 233, the pitman 224 swung to position one or the other of its extensions under one of the studs Then when the pitman 224 is raised as above described, the arm 219 may be rocked and the sliding frame moved to its desired position.
  • the checking strip mechanism is carried by the rock frame 234, Figs. 3*, 4, 5, 9 and 16, pivoted on a stud 236 on the sliding,
  • the checking strip 238 is drawn from a supply roll 239 supported by a stud 241 on the rock frame 234 and passes over the top of a platen 242, then down between said platen and a feeding roller 243 and out over the guide 244.
  • a serrated knife is provided so that after a series of items has been listed on the strip the strip can be torn off and used for checking off the items listed.
  • the feeding roller 243 as best shown in Fig. 9 has rigid therewith a ratchet wheel 246.
  • a spring pressed pawl 247 pivoted to a plate 248 rotatably mounted on a shaft 249 supporting the feeding roller 243.
  • Pivoted to an ear 251 on the plate 248 is a link loosely connected at its lower end to an arm 253 fastened on a rock shaft 254, Figs. 4, 5 and 9, journaled in the sliding frame 215.
  • the shaft 254 extends through the outer casing of the printing mechanism and has attached to its exposed end a handle 255.
  • a spring 256 holds the parts in the normal position in which they are shown in the various figures.
  • an adjustable stop 262 (Fig. 9) carried by the rock frame 234 against which the tail 263 of the pawl 247 strikes near the end of its feeding movement. This results in the nose of the feeding pawl be ing disengaged from the ratchet 246 before the plate 248 carrying the pawl has completed. its stroke. It is apparent that this will prevent further movement of the paper and that by adjusting the step 262 the time at which the pawl 247 will be disengaged from its ratchet may be controlled, thereby

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Description

E. 1. VON PEIN.
PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REGISTERS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY I8. 19M.
1,230,241. Patented June 19, 1917.
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PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REGISTERS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 18. 1914.
1 ,230,24:1 Patented June 19, 1917.
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E. I. VON PEIN.
PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REGISTERS.
APPLICATION FILED .IULY I8, 19H.
Patented June 19, 1917.
I2 SHEETSSHEET 3.
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PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REGISTERS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 18, 1914. 1,230,241 Patented June 19, 1917.
12 SHEETS-SHEET 4.
E. J. VON PEIN.
PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REGISTERS.
APPLICATION FILED jULY18|1914- 1,230,241. Patented June 19, 1917.
I2 SHEETS-SHEET 6.
- E. J. VON PEIN.
PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REG!STERS.
APPLICATION HLED JULY f8. I914.
Patented June 19, 1917.
I2 SHEETS-SHEET 7.
E. J. VON PEIN.
PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REGISTERS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 18. I914.
1 ,230,241 Patented June 19, 1917.
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E. J. VON PEIN.
PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REGISTERS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 18. 1914.
1,230,241 Patented June 19, 1917.
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E. J. VON PElN.
PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REGISTERS,
APPLICATION HLED JULY 18, 1914. w ,l N I Patented June 19, 1917.
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E.J.VON PHN.
PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REGISTERS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY I8. ISM.
1,230,241 Patented June 19, 1917.
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. E J. VON PEIN.
PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH REGISTERS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY X8, 1914.
- Patented June 19, 1917.
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avwe whiz Fflwa rd J Hm 1%131 flttowews UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
EDWARD J. VON PFIN, OF DAYTON, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO THE NATIONAL CASI-I'REGISTER COMPANY, OF DAYTON, OHIO, A CORPORATION OF OHIO, (INCORPORATED IN 1906.)
PRINTING MECHANISM FOR CASH-REGISTERS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 19, 1917.
Application filed July 18, 1914. Serial No. 851,762.
To all whom it may concern I Be it known that I, EDWARD J. VON Pn N, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dayton, in the county of Montgomery and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Printing Mechanism for Cash-Registers, of which I declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description. V This invention relates to improvements in cash registers of the type having a plurality of totalizers in which a segregated analysis of transactions may be retained and printing mechanism comprising devices for printing certain reading matter and entering certain records of transactions on record material. In the present instance the improvements are illustrated in connection with a regiss tor of the type shown and described in U. S. Letters Patent 703,639 and 7 54,049, granted July 1, 1902 and March 8, 190a, respectively to Thos. Carroll, with improvements to the multiple totalizer mechanism shown and described in U. S. Letters Patent 1,062,767 issued May 27, 1913, to. KG. Chambers. This machine is, however, used only for the reason that it seems best adapted to illustrate the invention and it is not the desire to be limited to this particular embodiment of the idea. The invention is capable of application in various forms to many other styles of cash registers and accounting machines, One of the objects of the invention is to provide a machine which, in addition to performing the functions usually performed cash registers, performs others which particularly adapt it to use in places where a number of checks are received and issued in the transaction of business. In addition to having a plurality of totalizers for keepinga classified record of transactions, the machine shown herein is provided with devices for printing indorsements on the backs of checks printing on the face of a check the amount for which the check is drawn or indorsed, printing the name of the drawer of the check, the consecutive number and the date on the faces of checks issued, listing on a record strip retained in the machine items of which a permanent record should be kept, and for listing a series of items on a record strip which can be torn off and used for checking off the items listed.
Another object is to provide means for controlling a pliu'ality of printing devices such as just mentioned so that desired combinations of them may be rendered effective at an operation of the machine. In the present instance this controlling mechanism is operated by the totalizer selecting means so that the proper combination of printing devices to take care of the difi'erent kinds of transactions is rendered effective as an incident to the selection of the totalizers. It will be apparent, however, when the invention is fully understood, that the controlling devices might readily be operated by means having no connection with totalizer selecting mechanism so that desired combinations of the printing devices could be rendered effective without reference to the nature or class of an item entered in a totalizer.
Another object is to provide driving con- 'nections whereby a printing device which may be adjusted to different positions, as, for example, to accommodate different sizes of checks, can be so adjusted without at any timedisabling said driving connections. Another object is to provide an improved multiple record strip mechanism. In the present embodiment the selection of a totalizer to receive an entry predetermines the record strip which will be brought to effective position to receive a printed record of the entry. I
Still another object is to provide improved record strip feeding mechanism. As shown herein the feeding mechanism comprises an element having an invariable extent of movement and carrying a feeding pawl. These parts are operated. to feed the record strip during the forepart of the operation or before the impression is taken from the type. An adjustable stop is provided for disabling the pawl before the end of the driving stroke of its carrying element. This brings the strip to a stop before the impression is taken, preventing the mutilation of the strip or the smearing of the amounts as they are printed. At the same time the factthat the stop is adjustable provides a convenient means for regulating the width of the spaces between the printed items.
.Vith these and incidental objects in view, the invention consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations of parts, the essentialelements of which are set forth in appended claims, and a preferred form of embodiment of which is hereinafterdescribed with reference to the drawings which accompany and form part of the specification.
Of said drawings:
Figure 1 is a reduced left elevation of the machine and shows the multiple totalizers, the totalizer selecting mechanism and certain features of the improvement.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged rear View of the printing mechanism and controlling devices associated therewith.
Fig. 3 is a right hand elevation of the machine on a reduced scale.
Figs. 3* and 3 combined constitute a right hand view of the printing mechanism, parts of the same being omitted for the sake of clearness.
Fig. at is a front elevation of the printing mechanism and parts of the driving mechanism.
Fig. 5 is a top plan view on a reduced scale of the sliding carriage and the record strip devices supported thereby on a reduced scale.
Figs. 6, 7 and 8 show in detail features of the printer controlling devices, particularly the relative positions of certain parts of said devices, and looking to the left end of the machine.
Fig. 9 is a detail of the record strip feed ing mechanism.
Fig. 10 is a detail of the mechanism for moving the record strip carriage to place the desired strip in effective position.
Fig. 11 is a detail of the cams for operating the record strip positioning devices and the strip device actuator.
Fig. 12 is a detail, partly in section, of feeding rollers comprised by one of the strip devices.
F 13 is a detailed top plan of gearing for connecting and disconnecting one of the printing devices and the driving mechanism.
Figs. 14 and 15 are specimen checks showing the printing done thereon by the different printing devices, Fig. 1a representing a check issued by the user of the machine and Fig. 15 a check received and indorsed to the bank of the user.
Fig. 16 is a reduced detail of the sliding strip frame. 1
The machine to which the invention is shown applied has nine totalizers mounted in the usual rotatable reel with a manually adjustable lever and connections whereby the reel can be. rotatedto bring any desired totalizer into cooperative relation to a set of actuators common to all of the totaliliers. Five of these totalizers may be used for registering items such as the cash transactions handled by individuals, one may be used in the same way as an adding machine for totaling a series of items, another for totaling the checks indorsed as for deposit in bank, another for totalizing the amounts for which checks are issued, and the remain ing one for totalizing the checks indorsed and cashed at the bank by the indorser.
The printing mechanism comprises a set of type carriers set up under the control of a key board. Said mechanism also comprises five different printing devices. These are given names which are to a certain extent arbitrary, but which will be used as consistently as possible throughout the description and claims to prevent any doubt as to just what is meant when one of the names is used. The five devices are as follows:
First, the devices provided for printing on the faces of inserted checks the amounts for which the checks are drawn or indorsed. These devices are usually spoken of herein as the amount printing mechanism. The second is the mechanism for printing on the faces of checks the name of the drawer, the date and the serial number of a check. This mechanism is usually termed herein the check issuing mechanism. The third set of devices is provided for printing indorsements on the backs of checks and is simply described as the indorsing mechanism. The remaining two devices are the strip printing devices, either of which may be brought to position to, be operated to receive an impression from the common set of type carriers. One of these strip devices is arranged so that the strip is fed out of the machine as items are printed thereon so that the strip may be torn off and used for checking off the items listed. This is described herein as the checking strip mechanism. The other strip devices is arranged to wind the strip, on a storage roll as the amounts are printed on said strip. This strip is arranged to receive the entry of items of which a permanent printed record should be retained in the machine and has, therefore, been named the permanent record strip mechanism.
As before stated, the five devices are, in the present embodiment, rendered effective in various combinations to take care propcrly of items of the different classes by controlling devices operated as an incident to adjustments of the totalizer selecting lever to position the desired totalizer. This controlling mechanism comprises a shaft rotated through suitable connections by operations of said lever and carrying stud bearing disks, one of these disks also carrying a cam, all arranged to operate connections which render their corresponding printing devices effective or ineffective depending upon the position to which the shaft and disks have been rotated.
' One of the printing devices, the indorsing device, is shown as being capable of adjustment to different positions. The purpose of this is to accommodate checks of different lengths, that is to make it possible to position the indorsing device at the proper dis tance from the type carriers to permit printing both the indorsement on the back and the amounton the face of an inserted check at the same operation. a
The type for printing the indorsement are carried by a rotatable cylinder. In order to give satisfactory results this cylinder must necessarily ha ve a normal starting point and to insure its remaining in position the cylinder is locked against rotation during adjustment of the indorsing mechanism from one position to another. A driving gear having a fixed axis is provided for driving the cylinder. Gears intermediate the driving gear and the cylinder are pivoted to links arranged to permit the adjustment of the indorsing device from one position to an other without at any time disabling the driving connection formed by said intermediate gearing.
The multiple record strip mechanism mentioned above comprises a sliding carriage to which are pivoted two rock frames for the record strips. A single actuating or operating element is provided for rocking whichever frame has been positioned in cooperative relationship.tothe operating element. WVhen a frame is rocked a platen carried thereby presses its strip against the type carriers to take an impression from the yp The devices for moving the sliding carriage, are, as before stated, controlled by the totalizer selecting mechanism. A pivoted element adjacent the carriage is operatively connected to the carriage so that if said element is rocked in either direction about its pivot the carriage will be moved. The pivoted element is rocked by a pitman having an invariable extent of movement at each operation, but so controlled by the controlling mechanism that it may be caused to engage said pivoted element at either side of its pivot, thereby rocking said element and sliding the carriage in either clirection as desired to position the proper record strip to receive an impression of the item entered in the machine.
Driving mechanism.
on the printer frame 22.
19 (Fig. 3) of well known form or any other suitable form of driving means to a gear 20, shown partly broken away at the bottom of Fig. 4. This gear 20 is always meshed with a gear 21 rotatably mounted The gear 21 is indicated simply by its pitch line in Fig. 3. Meshing with. the gear 21 is a gear 23 ournaled on the shaft 24 and meshing with a gear 25 rotatably mounted on the printer frame 22. The gear 25 meshes with a smaller gear 26 secured to one end of a sleeve 27 journaled on a short shaft supported by the printer frame 22 and the machine frame said sleeve carrying at its other end a gear 28 of the same diameter as the gear 26 and meshing with a large intermediate gear 29, (Fig. 4.) The gear 29 is rotatably mounted on a stub shaft in the machine frame 32. Spacing collars 31 hold the gears 26, 28 and 29 at the proper distance from the machine frame. Meshing with the large intermediate gear 29 is a gear 33 fast to a shaft 34 (Figs. 2 and 4) and in turn meshing with a gear (Figs. 2 and 3) secured to a shaft 36. The shafts 34 and 36 extend across the machine and are the main driving shafts for the mechanism. A gear 37 of the same diameter as the gear is also secured to the shaft 36 and drives a gear 38 fastened to a shaft 39 journaled in the printer frame 22' and machine frame 32. The gearing described is so proportioned that for each two turns of the gear 20, the shafts 34, 36 and 39 each. make a complete rotation; As will fully later, all but one of the various printing mechanisms are operated from these three shafts.
Totalieer selecting mechanism.
The multiple totalizer mechanism and the totalizer selecting devices are shown in Fig. 1. As stated before, the machine has nine totalizers. These are supported by a reel 40 rotatably mounted on a shaft 41 carried by a sliding frame 42. A lever 43 attached to a shaft 44 ournaled in the adjacent machine frame 45 carries a rack 46 meshing with the teeth 47 of a segment gear journaled on a short shaft 48. Rigid with the segment gear 47, is a second segment gear 49 meshing with a pinion 51, fastened to and concentric with the totalizer reel 41. By tracing the movement through the mechanism just described, it will be seen that as the lever 43 is rotated about its pivot 44 the reel 40 is turned, and by this means any desired one of the totalizers mounted on said reel, may be brought into cooperative relationship with a set of actuating rack segments, indi cated by the pitch line 52, common to all of the totalizers. The actuators are operated by differential mechanism controlled by banks of keys 53. The differential mechaappear more nism is not shown and described in this application, but is fully shown and described in. each of the patents mentioned above.
Just before the actuators are operated by the differential mechanism, the selected totalizer is carried up into engagement with said actuators by a cam 54 acting against a roller attached to the side of an element operatively connected to the sliding frame 4-3. After the actuators have entered the items in the totalizer, the sliding frame 4L2 is lowered by a cam 56 acting against a roller 57 attached to the sliding frame L2.
The cams 5st and 56 are both fastened to the main driving shaft 3 1-, which shaft it will be remembered receives one complete rotation at each operation of the machine. The mechanism for moving the t-otalizers in and out of engagement with the actuators is more fully described and shown in the hereinbefore mentioned patents.
Printer contra ZZi'ng mechanism.
Attached to the shaft L4, to which the lever L3 is fastened, is a large gear segment 6]. meshing with a gear 62 attached to a shaft ($3 extending across the machine. At its opposite end, that is, the end nearest the printer, the shaft 63 carries fastened thereto three disks (34, and 66 (Figs. 2, 3 6, 7 and 8). One of these disks has a cam formed on its periphery to control one of the five printing devices mentioned above, while each of the disks carries a plurality of studs. Cooperating with the studs on the disks 61-, 65 and 66 respectively are three armed levers 71, 72 and 73. These levers are pivoted on a rod 7% (Fig. 3 supported by the printer frame and the machine frame 32, and are held against lateral displacement by collars 75 (Fig. 2) on the rod. The studs are arranged on the disks 64:, G5 and 66 in two series, one series on each side of the disks, and the two upwardly extending arms of the three armed levers, are staggered as shown in Fig. 2, so that each arm cooperates only with the studs on one side of a disk. The third arms of the levers operate connections controlling four of the five printing devices. The fifth printing device is controlled by a cam on the disk 66. The arrangement of the studs on the disk, and the manner in which they operate the three armed levers and the devices connected to said levers, will be described in detail later on. It is suflicient to state here that the studs are placed on the disks 64, 65 and (36 with reference to the positions of the totalizer selecting lever .113, so that when said lever is set to position a desired to talizer opposite the actuators, the studs in the disks will have adjusted the three armed levers and their connections to render effective the proper combination of the four printing devices to take care of an entry of the class assigned to that particular to talizer.
Printing mechanism.
The printing mechanism.- comprises a set of type carriers 81 (Figs. 3, 3. and l) These carriers are equipped with two sets of type on their peripheries, the like type being diametrically opposite so that two impressions may be taken at the same time from the opposite sides of said carriers. One of the type carriers is operated by mechanism directly connected to the lever 43, while the others are operated by the differential mechanism controlled by the banks of keys Three of the live printing devices take their impressions from this set of the type carriers The ink for the type carriers is supplied by pads 82 and 83 (Figs. 3 and 3) the former inking the upper set of type and the latter the lower type. These pads are supported by plates 84: and 85 extending across the carriers, and pivoted so as to have a limited movement on rods 86 and 87 carried by the oppositely extending arms of a pair of elements 91, )ivoted as at 92. Only one of the elements 91, the outer or right hand one, is shownin the drawings. The other, that is, the one nearest the machine proper, is substantially the same as the one shown, but has rigid therewith a partial. gear 93. Meshing with the teeth of the gear 93 are the teeth of a rack 9 l. This rack 9 is guided at its lower end by a pin 95 extending through a slot in said rack, and at its upper end by a hook over the shaft An anti-friction roller 96 carried by the rack 94. projects laterally into a cam groove 97, formed in the side of a disk 98 rigidly at tached to the shaft 84. See Figs. 2, 3 and 4. It will be recalled that the shaft Set is one of the main driving shafts, and receives a complete rotation at each operation of the machine. The configuration of the cam groove 97 is such that the rack 94 is raised gradually during the early part of the operation, and rocks the elements 91 about their pivots 92 until by the time the type carriers are fully positioned by the differential mechanism, the pad 82 is resting above and the pad 83 below the type carriers 81. Both pads are then pressed against the type, (by means which will be described fully later) after which the rack 9 is re stored to normal position and the ink pads swung back to the positions in which they are shown in Figs. 3 and Amount printing device.
The five printing devices hereinbefore mentioned will next be described. First, the device which is herein called the amount printing device. Thls is the mechanlsm for printing the amount of a registration on the face of a check or similar paper inserted in the printer and comprises a platen 101 (Fig. 3 adjustably mounted in a bar 102 having upwardly extending ears 103 pivoted at 104 to arms 105 secured to a rock shaft 106. One end of the shaft 106 is journaled in a plate 107 secured by screws 108 to studs 109 (Fig. 4) attached to the printer frame The other end of the shaft is journaled. in and extends through said frame 22. To the end of the shaft last mentioned secured an arm 111 carrying a stud 112. Cooperating with this stud is a notch in the lower end of apitman 113 slotted at its upper end to straddle the shaft 34, and
carrying an anti-friction roller 114 projecting into a cam groove 115 formed in the side of a disk 116 (Figs. 2 and 4) secured to the main driving shaft 34. The cam groove 115 is so shaped that the pitman 113 is first thrust downward a certain distance, and then partially returned toward normal. lt is then thrust downward a greater distance, after which it is restored to its original starting point. The first movement of the pitman, through the mechanism described, forces the platen 101 down far enough to press against the type carriers the ink pad 82, which has by this time been brought between the platen and the type carriers. The partial return toward normal of the pitman 113 withdraws the platen far enough to free the ink pad and permit pits withdrawal, after which the secondthrust of the pitman presses the inserted check against the type carriers 81 to take an impression from the type.
A plate 98, supported by the two lower ones of the studs 109to which plate 107 is attached, has an opening through which the platen and its carrying bar 102 operate. Said opening is so arranged that the plate acts as a guide for the platen.
In order to hold the inserted check stationary while an impression is being taken by means of the platen 101, there is provided a gripper 124 (Fig. 3). This gripper is pivoted on'one of the plate supporting studs 109 and rests against the top of a screw 110 set in the platen carrying bar 102. When the platen is lowered, as above described, a spring (not shown) rocks the gripper 124 about its pivot untilthe rear end of the gripper contacts the inserted paper and holds it against the top of the supporting table 125. This movement is permitted by a. slot (not shown) in the plate 98 When the platen is restored to iormal position, the gripper 124 is withdrawn and the paper freed so that it can be removed.
- The pitman 113 isnormally held forward with the notch in its lower end in engagement with the stud 112 by a spring 117 having one endfastened to the pitman and the other to a stud in the printer frame 22. However, it is necessary to disable this amount printing device when items of certain classes are entered. This is accomplished by providing mechanism whereby, when the totalizer selecting lever is adjusted to certain positions, the pitman 113 is automatically disconnected from the stud 112.
A lever 118 (Figs. 3, 3 and 6) pivoted on a stud 119 on the printer frame 22 carries at its upper end a stud 121 extending through a slot 122 in the pitman 113. The lower end of the lever 118 rests against the periphery of the disk 66. A cam 123 on the periphery of said disk will, when the totalizer selecting lever is at certain positions, engage the lever 118 and rock it clockwise, Figs. 3 and 3 This movement of the lever 118 will, through the slot and pin connection between the lever and the pitman 113 swing the pitman counter clockwise about the shaft 34 and against the tension of the spring 117 far enough to disengage the hook on the lower end of the pitman from the stud 112, and hold it disengaged as long as the lever 43 remains in one of the positions at which the cam 123 contacts the lower end of the lever 118. Then when the pitman 113 is given its downward thrust, the movement will be an idle one, and the platen will not be moved.
It is apparent that unless some means is provided to hold the platen 101 in normal position when the pitman 113 is disconnected from the stud 112, said platen will be thrown down by the spring which operates the gripper arm 124. Then when the pitman 113 is moved by the spring 117 to reengage the hook on the pitman with the stud 112, said stud will be out of normal position and the hook will miss it. In order to overcome this, there is provided a spring 126, secured at one end to the stud 112, and
at the other to a stud 127 in the printer frame 22. This spring 126 is superior enough in strength to the spring for operating the gripper arm 124 to hold the platen mechanism in normal position when the pitman 113'is disabled.
0716076 issuing mechanism.
The second of the printing devices, as
riphery of a cylinder 131 (Fig. 3 carrying in its interior the date and consecutive number printing mechanism. This mechanism is well known in the art and needs no explanation. The cylinder 1.31 is rigidly attached to the shaft 24 (Fig. 1-) upon which the driving gear 23 described above is rotatably mounted. Rigid with the gear 23 is a gear 132 (Figs. 4: and 13) and secured to the shaft 24 is a gear 133. A broad toothed pinion 134 is arranged to be thrown in and out of engagement with the gears 132 and 133, thereby forming a driving connection between the driving mechanism proper and the cylinder 131. This broad toothed pinion is rotatably mounted at the upper end of an arm 136 secured to a short shaft 137 journaled in the printer frame to which shaft is also attached an arm 138. Pivoted to the lower end of arm 138 is one end of a link 141-1 (Figs. 3 and 6) pivoted at its other end to the downwardly extending arm of the three armed lever 72. This lever is rocked in one direction or the other by the studs on the disk 65. These studs are so positioned on the disk with reference to the lever 13 that at certain positions of said lever the link 14-1 is thrown forward and the broad toothed pinion 13st swung into mesh with the gears 132 and 133. Then when the driving mechanism is operated, the shaft 1241 and the cylinder 131 carried by said shaft are given one complete rotation, during which the type carried by the cylinder are inked and consecutive number and name of the drawer are printed on the check. The ink is supplied by an inking roller 14-3 with which the type come in contact as the cylinder 131 is turned.
As shown at 139, Fig. 141, on a check issuing operation the amount for which the check is drawn is printed below the matter printed by the cylinder 131. This amount is printed by means of the platen 101 from the type carriers 81. In order to bring the amount in proper relation to the other information printed on the check, the check must be fed. over the cylinder 131 to receive an impression from its printing devices and carried rearward far enough. to bring the proper point on thecheck under the platen 101. This is accomplished in the usual way by flanges 141-4. Figs. 3 and 41-) carried bythe cylinder and cooperating with a roller 14-5 rotatably mounted above the cylinder 131 and at the proper distance therefrom to be engaged by said flanges as the cylinder is rotated.
As shown in Fig. 3?, the feeding flange 141 is cut away so as not to grip the check against the roller 1415 until shortly after the operation of the machine is commenced. The consecutive numbering wheels, the date and the .eleetrotype are positioned on the cylinder 131 to print as soon as possible after the flange 1-141- begins to feed the cheek, and said flange is long enough in this instance to feed the check through to bring the proper point on the same under the platen 101. The platen is then operated as above described to take an impression of the amount for which the check is drawn as set up on the type carriers 81.
lmlorsz'n mechanism.
The third of the five printing devices is the indorsing mechanism. This mechanism is arranged to print the usual indorsement on the back of inserted checks, as shown in Fig. 15, and is similar in its operation to the check issuing mechanism described in the foregoing. That is to say, it prints all of the indorsement except the date from an electrotype attached to a rotatable cylinder 151 (Fig. 3") equipped with flanges 15 1 arranged to feed the check forward toward the type carriers 81 as the indorsement is printed. The date of the indorsement is printed from the usual date wheels carried in the interior of the cylinder. In addition to the cylinder 151 the indorsing mechanism comprises an inking roller 152 for inking the electro-type, and an impression roller 153 cooperating with the electrotype and feed ing flanges 15 1- on the cylinder to print the indorsement and feed the check. The cylinder 151, the inking roller 152, and the im pression roller are rotatably mounted on shafts j ournaled in a frame arranged to slide back and forth along rails 156 and 157. The purpose of this sliding movement, it will be recalled, is to permit positioning the indorsing cylinder 151 at different distances from the type carriers 81 so that the indorsement and the amount for which the indorsement is made can be printed at one operation .on checks of different lengths. The lower rail 157 is rigidly attached to printer frame 22, but the upper rail 156 has slots through which pass screws 15S attach ing said rail. to the printer frame 22. This slotted connection is provided to permit a certain amount of adjustment of the rail 156. Adjusting screws 161 set in the upper edge of the rail cooperate with lugs 162 on the printer frame 22 and by turning these screws in either direction the distance between the rails 156 and 157 may be regulated. Both of the rails and the frame 155 are equipped with ball races 163 in which are placed ball bearings 16+l to make the adjust ment of the frame along the rails as nearly frictionless as possible.
Latch mechanism is provided for holding the frame in any of the positions to which it may be adjusted. This latch mech anism comprises a rack 165, Figs. 2, 3 and 3 supported by studs 166 on the printer frame 22. Cooperating with the rack 165 is a latch plate 167 slotted as at 168 and 16$) to straddle respectively a rock shaft 171 .the rack 165.
journaled in the sliding frame 155 and the shaft 172 to which thecylinder 151 is fastened. Attached to the rock shaft'171 is an arm 175 carrying a stud 176 extending through a short slot 177 in the latchplate 167. One end of the rock shaft 171 is provided with a handle 178 by means of which the shaft 171 may be rocked against the tension of a spring 179 (Fig. 2) surrounding said shaft, thereby causing the arm 175 to slide the plate 167 downward far enough to disengage the nose 181 of the plate from While the plate is held in this lowered position by means of the handle, the frame 155 may be adjusted to any position desired and the handle 178 released allowing the spring 179. to restore the rock shaft to its original position and engage the nose 181 on the latch plate 167 with the proper notch in the rack 165.
In order to prevent the cylinder 151 from rotating during this adjustment from one position to anotheiythe latch plate 167 is provided with a stud 183 which when said plate is drawn down by operation of the handle 178 engages a notch 181 in the edge of a disk 185 rigid with the cylinder 151 and prevents the cylinder from rotating as long as the handle 178 is depressed.
The cylinder151 is drivenfrom the driving shaft 36. Rigidl'y attached to said shaft is a gear 186, Fig. 2. Adjacent to the gear 186 is a gear 187 secured to a sleeve 188 loose on the shaft 36 and having attached to its other end a gear 189. A broad toothed pinion 191 is provided for connecting gears 186 and 187 when the indorsing cylinder 151 is to be driven. This broad toothed pinion is rotatably mounted on a stud on the upper end of an arm 192 attached to a shaft 193 journaled :in the printer frame 22, and having. attached to its opposite end a rearwardly extending arm 19 1. Spacing collars 195 011 the shaft 193 hold said shaft and the parts attached thereto in their correct positions. Pivoted to the rearwardly extending arm 19 1 is one end of a link 196 pivotally connected at its lower end to the I arm which extends rearwardly, of the three armed lever 71.. This lever coiiperates with the stud bearing disk 6-1 on which the studs are so arranged. that at certain positions of the totalizer selecting lever 43 the lever 71 is rocked to lower the link 196 and swing the broad toothed pinion 191 up out of the position in which it is shown in F 2 and 3 thereby disabling the driving connection between gears 186 and-187.
In order to prevent the gears 186 and 187 from getting out of alinement. when the broad toothed pinion is disengaged the arm 192 has a downwardly extending portion 198 provided with a tooth which. is swung into engagement with the gear 187 as the broad toothed pinion 191 is disengaged from the gears. At the same time the pinion is carried into engagement with a pin 200 on the frame 22 to prevent rotation of the pinion.
Power is transmitted from the gear 189 through intermediate gears to a gear 201, Figs. 2 and 3, rigid on the shaft 172 to which the cylinder 151 is attached. The intermediate gears are designated by the niunerals202 and 203, Figs. 2 and 3. In order to permit the adjustment of the frame from. .one position to another without disabling the driving connection between the gears 189 and 201, a series of links 204:, 205 and 206 are provided, the series being pivoted at one end on the shaft 36 and at the other on. the shaft 172 carrying the cylinder 1.51. The links 204; and 206 have fastened thereto studs 207 and 208respectively, forming supports for the third link 205 and projecting far enough to form axes for the intermediate gears 202 and 203. As the frame 155 is moved forward, from the position in which it is shown in Fig. 3", to bring the cylinder 151 nearer the type carriers 81, the links 204, 205 and 206 are caused to buckle up and the gears 202 and 20?) are rotated slightly with reference to each. other and to the gears 189 and 201, but all of the gears remain in mesh. I This permits adjustment of the frame 155 and the parts carried thereby without at any time ('lisabling the driving connection between the driving gear 189 and the driving gear 201 rigid with the cylinder.
The sliding adjustment of the frame 155 makes desirable some form of support for the inserted check other than the usual table. For this reason there is provided a belt 211 supported by four studs, as shown in Figs. 2, {a and 3 and passing through slots in a plate 218 partially surrounding the impression roller 153 and arranged to prevent the belt from contacting said roller. A, spring 2141 connects the ends of the belt and serves to keep it taut.
Checking and permanent record strip clemlces.
- The remaining two of the five printing devices, the checking strip and the permanent record strip devices, will nextbe described. As before stated, these devices are carried on rockframes pivoted to a sliding frame arranged to be moved back and forth to bring either of the frames to effective printing position. An invariably moved operating element then rocks the positioned frame, causing a platen carried by the frame to press the paper strip against the type carriers.
- The sliding frame is designated in the various figures by the numeral 215. As bestshown in Figs. 4 and 16 it is mounted in slides 216 carried by the printer frame 22. Rigid on the frame 215 is an arm 217, Figs. 5, 6, 10 and 16 carrying a stud 21S engaging a slot in the upper end of an arm 219 pivoted as at 221 to the printer frame 22. It is apparent that by rocking this arm about its pivot the frame 215 may he slid in either direction.
The means for rocking the arm 219 com prises studs 222 carried by oppositely extending portions of the arm 219 and projecting through curved openings 223 in the printer frame 22, and a pitman 224. Said pitman is slidably supported at its upper end by the shaft 36 and is provided with an anti-friction roller 225, Fig. 11, projecting into a. cam groove 226 in a disk 227 attached to a shaft 36. It will be remembered that the shaft 36 is one of the main driving shafts and is given a complete rotation at each operation of the driving mechanism. The cam groove 226 is so formed that during the rotation of the shaft the pitman 224 is F invariably raised and then lowered at each operation. At its lower end said pitman has oppositely extending projections 231 and 232 to cooperate with the studs 222. The pitman 224 can be swung slightly about the shaft 36 so as to bring either the projection 231 or the projection 232 under the corresponding stud Then when the pitman is raised, if the stud under which one of the projections on the pitman has been moved is in the lowered position the arm 219 will be rocked about its pivot and slide the frame in the corresponding direction. This mechanism it will be seen permits moving the frame 215 to the desired position by an operation of the driving mechanism and leaving it in that position during successive operations or until it is desired to position the other record strip. In other words the sliding frame 215 is not necessarily moved at each operation of the operating mechanism.
The pitman 224 is slotted at its lower end to receive a stud 233 carried by the clownwardly extending arm of the three armed lever 73. The studs in the disk 66 006perating with said lever 73 are so arranged that as the totalizer selecting lever is ad justed from one position to another the arm 73 may be rocked and, through the stud 233, the pitman 224 swung to position one or the other of its extensions under one of the studs Then when the pitman 224 is raised as above described, the arm 219 may be rocked and the sliding frame moved to its desired position.
The checking strip mechanism is carried by the rock frame 234, Figs. 3*, 4, 5, 9 and 16, pivoted on a stud 236 on the sliding,
frame 215. A spring 237 on said stud is arranged to hold the rock frame in normal position against a step 240, Fig. 5, on the sliding frame. The checking strip 238 is drawn from a supply roll 239 supported by a stud 241 on the rock frame 234 and passes over the top of a platen 242, then down between said platen and a feeding roller 243 and out over the guide 244. A serrated knife is provided so that after a series of items has been listed on the strip the strip can be torn off and used for checking off the items listed. The feeding roller 243, as best shown in Fig. 9 has rigid therewith a ratchet wheel 246. Cooperating with said ratchet wheel is a spring pressed pawl 247 pivoted to a plate 248 rotatably mounted on a shaft 249 supporting the feeding roller 243. Pivoted to an ear 251 on the plate 248 is a link loosely connected at its lower end to an arm 253 fastened on a rock shaft 254, Figs. 4, 5 and 9, journaled in the sliding frame 215. The shaft 254 extends through the outer casing of the printing mechanism and has attached to its exposed end a handle 255. A spring 256 holds the parts in the normal position in which they are shown in the various figures. When it is desired to feed the checking strip 238 so as to bring it out far enough to permit tearing oif the amounts printed thereon the handle is drawn forward and released the number of times necessary to feed the printed items past the knife 245.
In operations of the machine with the checking strip in effective position the rock frame is rocked anti-clockwise Figs. 3, 8, and 9, so that the platen 242. presses the paper against the type carriers 81. During this rocking movement of the frame the link 252 is, of course, held against movement by the shaft 254 on which it is pivoted, causing the plate 248 to be swung about the shaft 249. The result is that the rocking movement of the frame 234 causes the pawl 247 to rotate the feeding roller 243. A spring operated retaining pawl 261 carried by the rock frame 234 cooperates with the ratchet wheel 246 to hold the feeding roller 243 in the position to which it is turned by the operating pawl.
To prevent movement of the paper while an impression is being taken, there is provided an adjustable stop 262 (Fig. 9) carried by the rock frame 234 against which the tail 263 of the pawl 247 strikes near the end of its feeding movement. This results in the nose of the feeding pawl be ing disengaged from the ratchet 246 before the plate 248 carrying the pawl has completed. its stroke. It is apparent that this will prevent further movement of the paper and that by adjusting the step 262 the time at which the pawl 247 will be disengaged from its ratchet may be controlled, thereby
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