US1206045A - Nasal inhaler. - Google Patents

Nasal inhaler. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1206045A
US1206045A US1914810114A US1206045A US 1206045 A US1206045 A US 1206045A US 1914810114 A US1914810114 A US 1914810114A US 1206045 A US1206045 A US 1206045A
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Prior art keywords
casing
inhaler
nose
patient
material
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Expired - Lifetime
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Arthur E Smith
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Arthur E Smith
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks

Description

A. E. SMlTH.v

N ASAL INHALER.

APPLICATION FILED JAN. 3.1914- Patented Nov, 28, 1916.

. ARTHUR E. SMITH, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.

NASAL INHALER.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Nov. 28, 1916.

Application filed January 3, 1914. Serial No. 810,114.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, ARTHUR E. SMITH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Nasal Inhalers, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to a nasal inhaler such as used in the administering of a gas or gases for producinganesthesia or analgesia and the object thereof is to make a simple and eflicient device of this character possessing many advantages over nasal inhalers now in use.

One of the principal objections to the use of nasal inhalers is the fact that they cannot be made to accurately and comfortably fit the noses or face contour of different patients, with the result that the gas will escape around the margins of the inhaler and the patient will be irritated by the misfit of such inhaler. Various shapes of inhaler have been devised and various means have been provided to prevent leakage and to give comfort to the patient in the application of the device but they have notbeen a success inasmuch as the difficulties referred to have not been entirely overcome. Included among the means employed for a close fit of the inhaler is rubber, but such material has not given full satisfaction, and moreover, the same is not entirely sanitary inasmuch as it is afiected and deteriorated by solutions or boiling water usedfor antiseptic purposes.

The principal object of my invention is to provide a nasal inhaler which can be fitted accurately and comfortably to the nose of the patient and may be made and kept sanitary for use from time to time as the patient returns for further work.

Speaking in general terms, my inhaler comprises a casing of a somewhat general or more or less universal shape and size, and a ring of a plastic material of any suit able nature removably held upon the inner edge of the casing and adapted to be shaped to the shape of the nose and face of the patient. The plastic material is such that the same will harden sufficiently in a few moments and is also such that it may be readily made sterile. Inasmuch as the plastic material is removable, the casing itself may be utilized as a universal one, that is it may be used for different patients, but the material itself can'be preserved for future work of a. patient and be reapplied to the casing when the time comes, thereby saving the expense of new plastic material. In order to cover extreme conditions more than one of the nasal inhaler casings maybe kept at hand although a single casing is intended to cover the maj orit-y of conditions.

In the drawing, Figure 1 is an elevation of my nasal inhaler shown applied; Fig. 2 a cross section on the irregular line 22 of Fig. l; Fig. 3 a front elevation of the inhaler; Fig. 4c a rear elevation thereof; Fig. 5 a section on the line 55 of Fig. 3; and Fig. 6 an elevation of the plastic material shown removed from the casing.

Referring to the present embodiment of my invention as herein shown, the inhaler comprises essentially a body or casing 1 and a plastic material 2 'removably secured to the casing on its inner marginal edges. The casing may be made of any suitable material such as metal, glass, celluloid, etc., but by preference it is made of metal, and the same is made'hollow to receive the nose by being extended outwardly or forwardly in the general shape or contour of a nose. This construction results in inner marginal edges 3 which are substantially elliptical or eggshaped. These edges are provided with a groove at whose purpose willbe hereinafter explained. The casing is provided with one or more gas inlet openings or passages, and while I have herein shown two passages 5 entering from opposite sides, such number and particular arrangement is not essential. The casing is also provided with nipples or hose connections 6 communicating with the gas inlets 5 and adapted to receive the supply hose 7. By preference the inner side walls of the inhaler are provided with grooves 8 extending downwardly from the passages 5 to a position at the bottom of the inhaler in order that the lobes or sides of the nose of a patient may not obstruct or interfere with the passage of the gas.

The plastic material may be of any suitable nature for the purpose in view, such as modeling compound or the like, which is initially plastic at ordinary temperatures and capable of being easily worked and of hardening in a short time and also of being treated with antiseptics and boiling water for sanitary purposes. In practice the plastic material is worked into the form of a ring of the general shape shown in Fig. 6, and the same is thereupon applied to the marginal edges 3 and pressed thereon so as to enter the groove 4. The casing together with the plastic material is now applied to the nose of the patient and pressed with a sufficient force so that the plastic material will conform accurately to the contour of the nose and face. The operation may now proceed inasmuch as the plastic material will start to set or harden. The plastic material may be applied to the edges of the casing without any special care excepting that a greater mass thereof may be used at the point or points where it is liable to be most needed, and I prefer to trim off the material at the lower side flush with the bottom of the casing, such removed material being shown by the dotted lines 2 in Fig. 6. This will provide a proper fit with the lower part of the nose and will prevent any irritation thereof. Also if desired the plastic material on the lower side as at 2 may be trimmed ofi. Otherwise the material both inside and outside may be left as it becomes after the inhaler has been applied to the patient in the manner already explained.

The plastic material after having thus been used may be removed from the casing and preserved for subsequent work of the same patient, and the casing itself may be utilized for the next patient by applying new plastic material thereto and proceeding as above described. This newly formed material or removable form may be preserved for the subsequent work of such patient. Any form which has once been used and thus preserved may be applied to the casing and used as before. The form of course will fit the patient accurately and comfortably inasmuch as it has been molded to the contour of his nose and face. The plastic material may be of such character that it may be readily cleaned and rendered sanitary by antiseptics or the like without affecting the form. Also, if the material is capable of being softened by heat, it may be sterilized by boiling water and used over and over again, either with respect to the same patient from time to time or difierent patients. If desired the casing may be provided with an elastic head band 9 having hooks 10 for attachment to the casing through the me dium of the eyes 11. Any other suitable means of attachment of the inhaler to the patient may be employed if any such attachment is deemed necessary in addition to the tubes 7 which extend rearwardly and would have a tendency to hold the inhaler in position.

By the use of my invention I am enabled to provide an accurately fitting and com fortable nasal inhaler and one, moreover, in which the part that bears upon the nose and face of the patient is individual to such patient, the remainder thereof being capablt of more or less universal use.

I claim:

1. A nasal inhaler comprising a casing which is of the general shape of a nose and has inner marginal edges, and a hardening material on said edges which is initially plastic at ordinary temperatures and adapted to receive and retain the contour of the nose when applied thereto.

2. A nasal inhaler comprising a casing which is of the general shape of a nose and has inner marginal edges, and a hardening material removably mounted on said edges which is initially plastic at ordinary temperatures and adapted to receive and retain the contour of the nose when applied thereto.

3. A nasal inhaler comprising a casing which is of the general shape of a nose and has inner marginal edges provided with a groove, and a hardening material fitting upon said edges and in the groove which is initially plastic at ordinary temperatures and adapted to receive and retain the contour of the nose when applied thereto.

l. A nasal inhaler comprising a casing which is of the general shape of a nose and has inner marginal edges, and a hardening material in the shape of a ring correspondingto the shape of such edges and applied thereto, said material being initially plastic at ordinary temperatures and adapted to receive and retain the contour of the nose when applied thereto.

ARTHUR E. SMITH.

WVitnesses:

SAMUEL E. HIBBEN, ROBERT DOBBERMAN.

Copies of this patent may he obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. 0.

US1206045A 1914-01-03 1914-01-03 Nasal inhaler. Expired - Lifetime US1206045A (en)

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Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2663297A (en) * 1953-01-19 1953-12-22 Harold G Belasco Nasal adapter for oxygen inhalation
US2831487A (en) * 1954-12-03 1958-04-22 Maxine A Tafilaw Catheter device
US2875759A (en) * 1954-12-28 1959-03-03 Jr Ellis A Galleher Inhaler mask
US4216769A (en) * 1978-09-29 1980-08-12 Grimes Jerry L Bi-flow nasal cup
US4795442A (en) * 1987-09-11 1989-01-03 Traflet Robert F Medical treatment tube construction
US4803981A (en) * 1981-09-22 1989-02-14 Vickery Ian M Anaesthesia mask
US5233978A (en) * 1992-04-03 1993-08-10 Medway Nasal oxygen mask
US5243971A (en) * 1990-05-21 1993-09-14 The University Of Sydney Nasal mask for CPAP having ballooning/moulding seal with wearer's nose and facial contours
US5267557A (en) * 1992-08-17 1993-12-07 Her Mou Lin Nose mask with a filtering device
US5477852A (en) * 1991-10-29 1995-12-26 Airways Ltd., Inc. Nasal positive airway pressure apparatus and method
US5560354A (en) * 1993-06-18 1996-10-01 Rescare Limited Facial masks for assisted respiration or CPAP
US5657752A (en) * 1996-03-28 1997-08-19 Airways Associates Nasal positive airway pressure mask and method
US5687715A (en) * 1991-10-29 1997-11-18 Airways Ltd Inc Nasal positive airway pressure apparatus and method
US5724965A (en) * 1995-06-06 1998-03-10 Respironics Inc. Nasal mask
US5738094A (en) * 1996-08-30 1998-04-14 Hoftman; Moshe Anesthesia/respirator mask with reduced nasal section enclosure and inflatable cuff
US6019101A (en) * 1996-10-31 2000-02-01 Sleepnet Corporation Nasal air mask
US6039044A (en) * 1994-12-09 2000-03-21 University Of Sydney Gas delivery mask
US6513526B2 (en) * 1996-07-26 2003-02-04 Resmed Limited Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor
US6581602B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2003-06-24 Resmed Limited Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor
US6631718B1 (en) 1999-06-08 2003-10-14 Sleepnet Corporation Air mask with seal
US20040182398A1 (en) * 2003-03-22 2004-09-23 Tom Sprinkle Nasal mask
USD498529S1 (en) 1996-07-26 2004-11-16 Resmed Limited Portion of a cushion for use with a mask assembly in the application of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
EP1488820A2 (en) * 1997-07-24 2004-12-22 Ric Investments, Inc. Nasal mask
US7210481B1 (en) 1999-06-08 2007-05-01 Sleepnet Corporation Nose mask
US20070107733A1 (en) * 2005-11-15 2007-05-17 Ric Investments, Llc. Respiratory mask
US7290546B2 (en) 2002-03-22 2007-11-06 Invacare Corporation Nasal mask
WO2008106716A1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2008-09-12 Resmed Ltd Respiratory mask
US8028698B2 (en) 2006-09-18 2011-10-04 Invacare Corporation Breathing mask
US8371301B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2013-02-12 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US8402972B2 (en) 2002-01-17 2013-03-26 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US8479738B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2013-07-09 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US8505535B2 (en) 2003-05-02 2013-08-13 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8517023B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2013-08-27 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US8522784B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2013-09-03 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8875710B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2014-11-04 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Application device for a breathing mask arrangement
US8944061B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2015-02-03 Resmed Limited Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US9072853B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2015-07-07 Resmed Limited Forehead pad for respiratory mask
US9381316B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2016-07-05 Resmed Limited Interchangeable mask assembly
USD777905S1 (en) * 2015-04-21 2017-01-31 Parker-Hannifin Corporation Nasal mask

Cited By (73)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2663297A (en) * 1953-01-19 1953-12-22 Harold G Belasco Nasal adapter for oxygen inhalation
US2831487A (en) * 1954-12-03 1958-04-22 Maxine A Tafilaw Catheter device
US2875759A (en) * 1954-12-28 1959-03-03 Jr Ellis A Galleher Inhaler mask
US4216769A (en) * 1978-09-29 1980-08-12 Grimes Jerry L Bi-flow nasal cup
US4803981A (en) * 1981-09-22 1989-02-14 Vickery Ian M Anaesthesia mask
US4795442A (en) * 1987-09-11 1989-01-03 Traflet Robert F Medical treatment tube construction
US5243971A (en) * 1990-05-21 1993-09-14 The University Of Sydney Nasal mask for CPAP having ballooning/moulding seal with wearer's nose and facial contours
US5687715A (en) * 1991-10-29 1997-11-18 Airways Ltd Inc Nasal positive airway pressure apparatus and method
US5477852A (en) * 1991-10-29 1995-12-26 Airways Ltd., Inc. Nasal positive airway pressure apparatus and method
US5233978A (en) * 1992-04-03 1993-08-10 Medway Nasal oxygen mask
US5267557A (en) * 1992-08-17 1993-12-07 Her Mou Lin Nose mask with a filtering device
US5560354A (en) * 1993-06-18 1996-10-01 Rescare Limited Facial masks for assisted respiration or CPAP
US6123071A (en) * 1993-06-18 2000-09-26 Resmed Limited Facial masks for assisted respiration or CPAP
US6039044A (en) * 1994-12-09 2000-03-21 University Of Sydney Gas delivery mask
US5724965A (en) * 1995-06-06 1998-03-10 Respironics Inc. Nasal mask
US5657752A (en) * 1996-03-28 1997-08-19 Airways Associates Nasal positive airway pressure mask and method
US8636006B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2014-01-28 Resmed Limited Mask
US8813748B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2014-08-26 Resmed Limited Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor
US6513526B2 (en) * 1996-07-26 2003-02-04 Resmed Limited Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor
US6581602B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2003-06-24 Resmed Limited Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor
US8056561B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2011-11-15 Resmed Limited Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor
US6634358B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2003-10-21 Resmed Limited Nasal mask cushion assembly
US6701927B2 (en) * 1996-07-26 2004-03-09 Resmed Limited Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor
US9421339B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2016-08-23 Resmed Limited Patient interface
USD498529S1 (en) 1996-07-26 2004-11-16 Resmed Limited Portion of a cushion for use with a mask assembly in the application of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
US7178527B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2007-02-20 Resmed Limited Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor
US7069933B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2006-07-04 Resmed Limited Breathing mask and mask cushion therefor
US5738094A (en) * 1996-08-30 1998-04-14 Hoftman; Moshe Anesthesia/respirator mask with reduced nasal section enclosure and inflatable cuff
US6019101A (en) * 1996-10-31 2000-02-01 Sleepnet Corporation Nasal air mask
EP1488820A3 (en) * 1997-07-24 2004-12-29 Ric Investments, Inc. Nasal mask
EP1488820A2 (en) * 1997-07-24 2004-12-22 Ric Investments, Inc. Nasal mask
US7210481B1 (en) 1999-06-08 2007-05-01 Sleepnet Corporation Nose mask
US7219669B1 (en) 1999-06-08 2007-05-22 Sleepnet Corporation Nose mask
US6631718B1 (en) 1999-06-08 2003-10-14 Sleepnet Corporation Air mask with seal
US8371301B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2013-02-12 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US9662467B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2017-05-30 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US8746250B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2014-06-10 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US9072853B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2015-07-07 Resmed Limited Forehead pad for respiratory mask
US10058671B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2018-08-28 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Application device for a breathing mask arrangement
US8875710B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2014-11-04 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Application device for a breathing mask arrangement
US8479738B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2013-07-09 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US9144656B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2015-09-29 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US9757534B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2017-09-12 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US9889266B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2018-02-13 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US9259549B2 (en) 2002-01-17 2016-02-16 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US8402972B2 (en) 2002-01-17 2013-03-26 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US7290546B2 (en) 2002-03-22 2007-11-06 Invacare Corporation Nasal mask
US20040182398A1 (en) * 2003-03-22 2004-09-23 Tom Sprinkle Nasal mask
US7621274B2 (en) 2003-03-22 2009-11-24 Invacare Corporation Nasal mask
US9895503B2 (en) 2003-05-02 2018-02-20 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8505535B2 (en) 2003-05-02 2013-08-13 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8944061B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2015-02-03 Resmed Limited Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US9962510B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2018-05-08 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask assembly
US9381316B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2016-07-05 Resmed Limited Interchangeable mask assembly
US20070107733A1 (en) * 2005-11-15 2007-05-17 Ric Investments, Llc. Respiratory mask
US8051855B2 (en) 2005-11-15 2011-11-08 Ric Investments, Llc Respiratory mask
US8028698B2 (en) 2006-09-18 2011-10-04 Invacare Corporation Breathing mask
US8517023B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2013-08-27 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US9937315B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2018-04-10 Resmed Limited Mask with removable headgear connector
US8960196B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2015-02-24 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US9981102B2 (en) 2007-03-02 2018-05-29 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask
WO2008106716A1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2008-09-12 Resmed Ltd Respiratory mask
US9119931B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2015-09-01 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8522784B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2013-09-03 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9770568B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2017-09-26 Resmed Limited Mask system with snap-fit shroud
US8528561B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2013-09-10 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8550084B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2013-10-08 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9027556B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2015-05-12 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9950131B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2018-04-24 Resmed Limited Mask system with snap-fit shroud
US9962511B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2018-05-08 Resmed Limited Mask system with snap-fit shroud
US9757533B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2017-09-12 Resmed Limited Mask system with snap-fit shroud
USD790055S1 (en) 2015-04-21 2017-06-20 Parker-Hannifin Corporation Nasal mask
USD777905S1 (en) * 2015-04-21 2017-01-31 Parker-Hannifin Corporation Nasal mask

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