US1204347A - Refrigerator. - Google Patents

Refrigerator. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1204347A
US1204347A US83182014A US1914831820A US1204347A US 1204347 A US1204347 A US 1204347A US 83182014 A US83182014 A US 83182014A US 1914831820 A US1914831820 A US 1914831820A US 1204347 A US1204347 A US 1204347A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
door
drawers
drawer
air
ice
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US83182014A
Inventor
Victor A De Canio
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LORILLARD REFRIGERATOR CO
Original Assignee
LORILLARD REFRIGERATOR CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by LORILLARD REFRIGERATOR CO filed Critical LORILLARD REFRIGERATOR CO
Priority to US83182014A priority Critical patent/US1204347A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1204347A publication Critical patent/US1204347A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D25/00Charging, supporting, and discharging the articles to be cooled
    • F25D25/02Charging, supporting, and discharging the articles to be cooled by shelves
    • F25D25/024Slidable shelves
    • F25D25/025Drawers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B81/00Cabinets or racks specially adapted for other particular purposes, e.g. for storing guns or skis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D23/00General constructional features
    • F25D23/02Doors; Covers
    • F25D23/021Sliding doors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D3/00Devices using other cold materials; Devices using cold-storage bodies
    • F25D3/02Devices using other cold materials; Devices using cold-storage bodies using ice, e.g. ice-boxes
    • F25D3/04Stationary cabinets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/90Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation
    • Y02A40/963Off-grid food refrigeration

Definitions

  • Impentor after" s 'rirun strains ram-W onirron.
  • VICTOR A DE CANIO, 0F UNION HILL, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR T0 LORILLARD REFRIGERATOR (30., OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
  • This invention relates to refrigerators and more particularly to that type wherein the articles stored in said refrigerators are placed in a series of drawers.
  • the primary object of thepresent invention is to secure the greatest results from the refrigerant by preventing the escape of cold air as far as possible, either when the ice is replaced or the food is inserted or removed.
  • the secondary object is to provide facilities for cleaning out all compartments, while avoiding complication in structure.
  • Figure 1 is a perspective view of the device with two of the drawers partly withdrawn
  • Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the device showing several of the parts moved revealing the construction thereof
  • Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the device with two of the drawers partly withdrawn
  • Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the device showing several of the parts moved revealing the construction thereof
  • Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the device with two of the drawers partly withdrawn
  • Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the device showing several of the parts moved revealing the construction thereof
  • FIG. 3 is a perspective view of one of the drawers removed.
  • a frame or box 10 of usual construction for ice boxes which is provided with openings in its top closed by hinged covers 11, and a hinged door 12 closing the otherwise open front, said hinged covers 11 when closed, cover side compartmentsin which tanks 13 are suspended, and into these tanks the cooling element such asice is placed from above without opening the door 12.
  • the space between the tanks 13 is adapted to receive a series of slides made in the form of drawers 14, and these drawers are slidable in channeled guides 15 secured inside of the box 10 and separated from each other to allow space therebetween through which air circulation may be had.
  • These guides may be secured at their ends to upright strips 5 within the corners of the box, and at the forward end of each guide is located an antifriction roll 16, whose upper side alines with the lower flange of the guide to support the edges of the bottom of the drawer.
  • door 12 is provided with openings 17 to re- I13.-
  • the two cooling compartments are separated from the intermediate food compartment by two upright partitions which are'composed of slats spaced from each other to permit free passage of cool air, and the slats themselves constitute the drawer guides arranged in two upright series and spaced from each other as shown. withdrawn and the front door opened as seen in Fig. 2, these guides and the entire interior of the food compartment may be cleaned with case.
  • the drawers are all in place and the front door closed, there is no admission of warm air. user comes to take something out of the food compartment, one drawer, or at most two drawers, are partly withdrawn as. seen in Fig.
  • the ice compartments can be reached through the top when the tanks 13 are withdrawn.
  • the food compartment is reached by withdrawing all the drawers and swinging open the front door as seen in Fig. 2.
  • she has access to both sides of both upright partitions, and there is no complication of structure to prevent the insertion of the arm with a wash cloth or brush, or even to prevent her sprinkling the interior with lye or pouring water into it.
  • Each of the drawers 14 is provided with rolls 20 at the rear corners thereof, which roll in the guides 15, and the front is inthe form of a panel 21 which is preferably about as long as the drawer is wide and somewhat wlder than the drawer is deep, and which is large enough to completely close into and fill the opening in the door through which said drawer passes.
  • Each panel is provided with a handle 22.
  • Each of the drawers 13 is also preferably provided with partitions 2 3, which may be adjustable to. form the desired compartments in each drawer.
  • Each partition comprises a strip of metal havin one end thereof bent as at 24, and a cam 25" plvoted to the opposite end thereof as at 26.
  • This cam has a handle 27 extending therefrom by which it may be swung when the partition is placed as'desired.
  • the .door 12 may be secured to both sides of the front opening by screws or the like instead of the hinges as shown.
  • a refrigeratonfthe combination with a box-like body having openings in its top near the ends thereof and a large opening in its front between the other openings, two upright partitions in the body defining cooling compartments beneath said endmost openings and a food compartment between the cooling compartments, each partition being composed of a series of spaced horizontal guides alined with the edges of the front opening, and covers for closing said endmost openings; of a door movably carried by the refrigerator front and adapted to close the large opening therein and itself having a series of transverse openings, and a, series of drawers slidable through said transverse openings and eachhaving a shallow body whose edges engage a pair of said guides and a wide front panel adapted to close its respective opening in the door when the .drawer. is closed.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Cold Air Circulating Systems And Constructional Details In Refrigerators (AREA)

Description

V. A. DE CANIO.
REFRIGERATOR.
APPLICATION FILED APR. I4. 1914.
1 94,334? Patented Nov. 7, 1916.
2 SHEETSSHEET I.
Zsnnentor h'afafl 176 5 (1/7/0.
V. A. DE CANIO.
REFRIGERATOR.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 14. 1914.
1,2Q4L347. Patnted Nov. 7, 1916.
2 SHEETSSHEET 2.
Impentor after" s 'rirun strains ram-W onirron.
VICTOR A. DE CANIO, 0F UNION HILL, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR T0 LORILLARD REFRIGERATOR (30., OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
REFRIGERATGR.
Application filed April 14', 1914.
To all whom it may concern 'Be it known that T, VICTOR A. DE OANIo, a citizen of the United States, residing at Union Hill, in the county of Hudson and State of- New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Refrigerators; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same. I
This invention relates to refrigerators and more particularly to that type wherein the articles stored in said refrigerators are placed in a series of drawers.
The primary object of thepresent invention is to secure the greatest results from the refrigerant by preventing the escape of cold air as far as possible, either when the ice is replaced or the food is inserted or removed.
The secondary object is to provide facilities for cleaning out all compartments, while avoiding complication in structure.
Further objects will be apparent from the following specification, appended claims and drawings, in which,
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the device with two of the drawers partly withdrawn, Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the device showing several of the parts moved revealing the construction thereof, and, Fig.
3 is a perspective view of one of the drawers removed.
as far as possible. Obviously this is accomplished by having it open at or near the bottom as little in space or time as may be. As
for the ice, I insert that through the top.
The melted ice or drippings must be carried off through the bottom, but the escape of cold air through the drain pipe is negligible. As for the food, that cannot always be conveniently inserted through the top and I therefore insert it through the front though not through the medium of the large door ordinarily employed. When such a door is swung open the entire front of a good-sized food compartment whose air is chilled, is exposed to and placed in direct contact with the warmer air of the room, with the result that the cool and heavier air in the box flows out at the bottom and the Warmer and Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. "3, 1916.
Serial No. 831,820.
lighter air in the room flows in at the top, and even while the user isinserting or removing a dish the current thus set up automatically will rob the food compartment of so much of its chilled air that by the time the front door is again closed the temperature 1n such compartment has risen materially. Thereafter the work of reducing that temperature or re-chilling the air in the food compartment from that in the ice compartment is resumed, and the ice depleted accordingly. Broadly speaking, I propose to avoid this condition which is prevalent in most makes of ice boxes, by adopting a structure in which, not only will the entire front not be swung open to gain access to the food compartment, but it is not even necessary to open it simultaneously at both a high point and a low point. Therefore there is no opportunity for the cold air at the bottom to flow out and the warmer air at the top to flow in and take its place. In other words, I have evolved the theory that if the front of the ice box he opened so as to expose the chilled food compartment to the warmer air in the room only in transverse strips or zones, the efiect on the chilled air will be much less marked than usual.
Referring to the drawings in which similar reference numerals indicate similar parts throughout the several views, there is shown a frame or box 10 of usual construction for ice boxes, which is provided with openings in its top closed by hinged covers 11, and a hinged door 12 closing the otherwise open front, said hinged covers 11 when closed, cover side compartmentsin which tanks 13 are suspended, and into these tanks the cooling element such asice is placed from above without opening the door 12.
The space between the tanks 13 is adapted to receive a series of slides made in the form of drawers 14, and these drawers are slidable in channeled guides 15 secured inside of the box 10 and separated from each other to allow space therebetween through which air circulation may be had. These guides may be secured at their ends to upright strips 5 within the corners of the box, and at the forward end of each guide is located an antifriction roll 16, whose upper side alines with the lower flange of the guide to support the edges of the bottom of the drawer. The
door 12 is provided with openings 17 to re- I13.-
as the screws 18 which engage in the sockets 19 when the door is closed. 'Thus the two cooling compartments are separated from the intermediate food compartment by two upright partitions which are'composed of slats spaced from each other to permit free passage of cool air, and the slats themselves constitute the drawer guides arranged in two upright series and spaced from each other as shown. withdrawn and the front door opened as seen in Fig. 2, these guides and the entire interior of the food compartment may be cleaned with case. When the drawers are all in place and the front door closed, there is no admission of warm air. user comes to take something out of the food compartment, one drawer, or at most two drawers, are partly withdrawn as. seen in Fig. 1, and a dish or dishes taken out without opening the door or without necessarily withdrawing any other drawer. Therefore the chilled air in the ice compartment is thrown into contact with the warm air in the room temporarily and only through a zone or at most two zones, each as. wide as the front panel of a drawer; and there is no opportunityfor a circulation to be set up which would as it were wash out the cold air as explained above.
At frequent intervals the careful housewife will thoroughly clean the interior of her ice box. The ice compartments can be reached through the top when the tanks 13 are withdrawn. The food compartment is reached by withdrawing all the drawers and swinging open the front door as seen in Fig. 2. Thus she has access to both sides of both upright partitions, and there is no complication of structure to prevent the insertion of the arm with a wash cloth or brush, or even to prevent her sprinkling the interior with lye or pouring water into it. Each of the drawers 14 is provided with rolls 20 at the rear corners thereof, which roll in the guides 15, and the front is inthe form of a panel 21 which is preferably about as long as the drawer is wide and somewhat wlder than the drawer is deep, and which is large enough to completely close into and fill the opening in the door through which said drawer passes. Each panel is provided with a handle 22. Each of the drawers 13 is also preferably provided with partitions 2 3, which may be adjustable to. form the desired compartments in each drawer. Each partition comprises a strip of metal havin one end thereof bent as at 24, and a cam 25" plvoted to the opposite end thereof as at 26.
This cam has a handle 27 extending therefrom by which it may be swung when the partition is placed as'desired.
- It will be seen from Fig. 1 that the panel When the drawers are all But when the 21 rises considerably above the body of the drawer so that when articles are disposed on the latter between its partitions they do not ordinarily risehigh enough to be struck by the top of the opening 17 as the drawer is withdrawn; This view shows all of the drawers alike and their front panels of the same dimensions,- but I do not wish to be limited in this respect.
The .door 12 may be secured to both sides of the front opening by screws or the like instead of the hinges as shown.
Modifications may be made within the scope of this invention without departing horizontal guides alined with the edges of the front opening; of a (1001' hinged .at one edge to said front and adapted to close the opening therein and itself having a series of transverse openings, means for fastening the door when closed, and a series of drawers each having a shallow body adapted to pass through one of the door-openings and engage a pair of said guides, each drawer also having a wide front panel adapted to fit into and close its door-opening when the drawer is closed.
2. In a refrigeratonfthe combination with a box-like body having openings in its top near the ends thereof and a large opening in its front between the other openings, two upright partitions in the body defining cooling compartments beneath said endmost openings and a food compartment between the cooling compartments, each partition being composed of a series of spaced horizontal guides alined with the edges of the front opening, and covers for closing said endmost openings; of a door movably carried by the refrigerator front and adapted to close the large opening therein and itself having a series of transverse openings, and a, series of drawers slidable through said transverse openings and eachhaving a shallow body whose edges engage a pair of said guides and a wide front panel adapted to close its respective opening in the door when the .drawer. is closed.
x In testimony whereof T affix my signature in presence of two wi esses;
. VIOTQ A. DE OANIO.
Witnesses:
HUGO Moot, GEORGE L. THOM.-
US83182014A 1914-04-14 1914-04-14 Refrigerator. Expired - Lifetime US1204347A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2872048A (en) * 1955-05-18 1959-02-03 Ray D Cooper Book storage apparatus
US4482066A (en) * 1982-09-24 1984-11-13 Dykstra Donald P Storage rack with an extendible shelf structure
US20040174108A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2004-09-09 Roland Benitsch Refrigerator for bottles
US20070120452A1 (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-05-31 Bsh Home Appliances Corporation Article support divider system
US20070175837A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-08-02 Furman Lawrence J System and method for providing access to the keyboard and display assembly of rack mounted computing systems when the rack door remains closed

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2872048A (en) * 1955-05-18 1959-02-03 Ray D Cooper Book storage apparatus
US4482066A (en) * 1982-09-24 1984-11-13 Dykstra Donald P Storage rack with an extendible shelf structure
US20040174108A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2004-09-09 Roland Benitsch Refrigerator for bottles
US7204570B2 (en) * 2001-09-13 2007-04-17 Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete Gmbh Refrigerator for bottles
US20070176529A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2007-08-02 Bsh Bosch And Siemens Hausgerate Gmbh Refrigerator for bottles
US8002368B2 (en) * 2001-09-13 2011-08-23 Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete Gmbh Refrigerator for bottles
US20070175837A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-08-02 Furman Lawrence J System and method for providing access to the keyboard and display assembly of rack mounted computing systems when the rack door remains closed
US20070120452A1 (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-05-31 Bsh Home Appliances Corporation Article support divider system
US7703866B2 (en) * 2005-11-30 2010-04-27 Bsh Home Appliances Corporation Article support divider system

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