US1179504A - Reed-organ. - Google Patents

Reed-organ. Download PDF

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US1179504A
US1179504A US61576711A US1911615767A US1179504A US 1179504 A US1179504 A US 1179504A US 61576711 A US61576711 A US 61576711A US 1911615767 A US1911615767 A US 1911615767A US 1179504 A US1179504 A US 1179504A
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reeds
pipe
reed
air
resonating
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US61576711A
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Georges Cloetens
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Georges Cloetens
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10BORGANS, HARMONIUMS OR SIMILAR WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS WITH ASSOCIATED BLOWING APPARATUS
    • G10B1/00General design of organs, harmoniums or similar wind musical instruments with associated blowing apparatus
    • G10B1/08General design of organs, harmoniums or similar wind musical instruments with associated blowing apparatus of harmoniums, i.e. reed organs

Description

Wfl'n asses G. CLOETENS. REED ORGAN.

APPLICATION FILED MAR-20. 19H. 1, 179,504. Patented Apr. 18, 1916.

In vn i016: G'eafges 8100279128,

THE COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH co., WASHINGTON, D. c.

- present invention,

prising a resonating pipe, a plurality of .said reeds,

GEORGES CLOETENS, or BnussnLs, BELGIUM.

REED-ORGAN.

To'all whom it may concern Be it known that I, GEORGES CLOETENS, a subject of the Kingdom of Belgium,residing at37 Rue. de Eausanne, Brussels, in Belgium, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Reed-Organs; 'and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of theinvention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters or figures of reference marked therein, which form a part of this specification.

" The present invention relates to improvements in reed organs with beating reeds,'and more particularly to improvements in reed organs with beating reeds of the kind described in my prior United States Patent No. 1,095,268, dated May 5,1914.

The purpose of this invention is to improve upon the organ ofthe aforesaid patent in order to increase its commercial and musical value. 1

In accordance with one feature of the I provide an organ combeating reeds of different pitch forming a scale, an air chest in communication with and valves between said reeds and said resonating pipe controlling the selection of said reeds. l V

In accordance with another feature of my invention, I provide an organ comprising a resonating pipe, a plurality of beating reeds of different pitch forming a scale,

j means for supporting said reed and valves for said reeds adjacent sa d reed-supporting means for controlling the selection of said reeds.

These and further features of the invention will now be described and claimed.

Some preferred formsiof my invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which Figure 1 is an axial section through the resonating pipe and reed chest of anorgan embodying the invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical section on the line 2- 2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a view similar toFig. l of another embodiment of the invention, thisform of organ being somewhat like that shown in my aforesaid prior patent. Fig. 4 is a vertical section; through the construction of Fig.3. 'Fi .5 shows a detail. The simple and relatively inexpensive Specification of Letters Patent.

of axially-disposed air-distributing openmgs 44 each controlled by a valve 58 normally held seated by a spring 46, and operable by valve-rods 48 which are operably UNITED S. PATENT oinnonf v Patented Apr. 18, 1916. Application filed March 20, 1911. Serial No. 615,767. 1

connected in well known manner (not shown) with the usual stop-action of the instrument, in order' to connect said air chests and regulate-the distribution of the air supply in' the compartments, hereinafter de scribed, of the chest 43. The tube 47 connects the distributing chestwith a well .known Wind apparatus, not illustrated. A

partition'49, shown in dotted lines in- Fig. 1, in the air chest 43, andseparating the distributing openings 44*" (or a plurality of such partitions, if there be more thantwo distributing valved openings) divides the air chest 43 into a plurality of compartments 43 43", etc., each having an independent connection with the air distributing chest 44 and each connected with or containing a note-sequence. This organization replaces and is an improvement upon the usual stop-slide arrangement because if all the valves 58 be simultaneously operated, they perform the same function as the stopslide, while by operating said valves separately,-separate sequences in the note-series may be controlled in any desirable manner.

The-resonator 16, is mounted axially on the air chest 43, and is conical, its cross sec-' tion being substantially a quadrant sector,

as shown in Figs' 2' and 4; one of its plane walls coincides with and may be the top or sounding board 45 of the air chest 43, and its standing wall 28 may be removable to facilitate assembling and repairs; its small end is preferably but not necessarily open and its large end may terminate in a suitable bell 17, as illustrated in Fig. 1; or, as in Fig. 5, may be adapted to connect with a tonal slide 30. An auxiliary tube 24 is mounted on the resonating pipe and con nected with it centrally and at its ends.

A series of tongues 18, each suitably mounted on areed' tube 19, attached to the board 45 and communicating with the resonating pipe by an air port 36*, extend into the air box-43. The longer reeds which sound the lower notes are connected with the smaller part of the resonating pipe and extend into the air chest compartment 43,

and the shorter reeds which sound the fied by the vibrations higher notes, are connectedwith the larger part of the resonating pipe and extend into the air chest compartment 43 so that the high and low note-sequences can be controlled, jointly or independently, by the valves 5 valves' 36 maybe seated by gravity and to that end heavy Washers or Weights 3.: may

be fixed to the Wires -12; or by the elasticity of springs 39 strained between the frame 40 and Washers 38 on the Wires 42.

A Wire 50 extends through a hole in the board 45, to each air port 36 and can be advanced into or. Withdrawn therefrom to regulate the air. supply by varying the size and shape of the port. Connected with eachtongue-lS is a tuning Wire 29- which comprises a head in contact with and slidable upon the tongue to lengthen'or shorten its vibrating end and a Wire which extends through theboard 5 adjacent the standing Wall 28 of the resonating pipe. 7

The operation of this typeof organ stop is as'folloWs: The player strikes keys operably connected With drivers oi the note valves 36 and raises them; air passes through reeds 19 and causes tongues 18 to vibrate and sound musical notes Which are ampliof the Walls of the resonating pipe 16 and of the auxiliary pipe 24-, said notes being modified by the form of the particular pipe extension or bell of the tonal slide 30 then inregister With the resonating pipe. The player can shift the tonal slide, bring its several bells successively into register With the pipe and thereby modify the expression and effect; and by suitably manipulating the stop action he can operate the valves 58 either simultaneously. or independently and control the volume of all the notes or" the. series or of note-sequences thereof, in a manner much superior to What is possible with the usual stop-slides. Thistype of instrument can be operated by Wind or air at positive pressure admitted by the pipe 4C7 but with reeds mounted in the" proper manner the instrument Will give the purest notes it operated by suction.

Figs. 3 and 4: illustrate the application of'my improvements to a stop generally like that of my aforesaid patent in thateach tongue l8and itsireed is-in a separate v cell, 5.6, of the air-chest. 43, the. stop slides-are of the usual kind and the note valves 36 flexible link or are exterior to the stop-slide and are located in an air passage 21, Which com- -munic-a-tes with the-air pipe 47 but unlike itin that each reed-cell 56 communicates freely with the pipe 16 by an opening 53 and each reed tube 19 is attached to and envelope a port in the bottom of the air chest 43.- The. above described improvements With the reeds mounted in the usual manner, enable me to produce the purest notes'by. air under pressure; The-conduit 47 leading fromthe; chamber. is connected With a Well knownsuction apparatusnot illustrated.

Fig. .5' illustrates an improved: mode: of using a tonalaslide. 30. bearingja plurality of; different bells,.such as described in my aforesaid patent.

Adjacent to. the large end? of each resonating pipe 16,1 provideavalve 72:preferably interior to the, tonal slide, hinged toswing inwardly, andzprovided with two independgnt means of operation, I via, a valve stem 2a connection comprising a bell-crank 74-: and cord, 74:? connecting the bellecrank. and valve. The: stem- 79.? can be suitably connected to-be operablefi'om one source and the'bell crank suitably connected to be operable-from another source and because of" the flexible link connection, the valve. can. be operated. from. either source independently of the other.

' In the aforesaid prior patentthe note valves. andreeds' connect with opposite; ends I of the reed cells, While in this saidrvalves are one, or as closely adjacent as possible to, that end'of thereed cells towhich the reeds arev connected. In the older construction the opening oi'a note valveSo' causes, first, motion of the entire body. of air inthe connected'reed cell; and second, the vibration of'the reed and: the production of sound; while in the improved construction this sequence is secured and (withthe modes of. air

movement best adapted tothe-several constructions illustrated) the note is sounded first and the air in theair cell moved second. It is obvious that the present invention shortens the elapsed time betWeen the striking of akey and the soundingof the corresponding. note, makes; the-instrument more; sensitive and responsive to the feelingsof the player and pression. dificult With the older instrument.

It Will be understood. that the'drawvings illustrate one stop or: bank offan= organia-nd that a plurality of similar stops. having varying tone-qualities may be; combined .in an organ, as is characteristic of that-xiii:- strument.

That I claim;is-: l. A reed:organcomprising' a resonating pipe, a plurality of beatingreeds-of difierent pitch formingv a; scale, an air. chest in fixed to the valve, and rocker-and-linkits 3. A reed organ comprislng a resonating pipe, a plurality of beating reeds of different pitch communicating w th said pipe, se-

' chest in lective means for controlling said reeds, a slide arranged to move across the mouth of said pipe, a plurality of bells carried by the slide to be brought selectively into regis try with said pipe, and a valve between said pipe and said slide.

4 A reed organ comprising a resonating pipe, a plurality of beating reeds, an air chest in I communication with said reeds,

valves between said reeds and said resonating pipe controlling the selection of said reeds, and means associated with said pipe .to varythe quality of sound produced.

5. A reed organ comprising a resonating pipe, a plurality of beating reeds, an air chest in communication with said reeds, valves between said reeds and said resonating pipe controlling the selectionof said reeds, and means for varying the resonant efiect of said pipe.

6. A reed organ comprising a resonating pipe, a plurality of beating reeds, an air chest in communication with said reeds, valves between said reeds andsaid resonating pipe controlling the selection of said reeds, a slide arranged to move across one end of said pipe, and a plurality of bells carried by the slide to be brought into registry with said pipe. 7 i

7 A reed organ comprising a resonating pipe, a plurality of beating reeds, an air communication with said reeds, valves between said reeds and said resonating pipe controlling the selection of said reeds, and a chamber opening into said pipe and forming an auxiliary passage from one part of said pipe to another part thereof.

8. A reed organ comprising a resonating Copies of this patent may said resonating pitch reeds,

in communication with means for controlling said air chest.

.Sonating pipe,

be obtained for five cents each,

Washington, D. U.

reeds and shorter reeds arranged respectively at thenarrower and wider parts of pipe, an air chest communieating with said reeds, and valves between said reeds and said pipe.

9. A reed organ comprising a resonating pipe, a plurality of beating reeds, a plurality of chambers constituting an air chest in communication with said reeds, valves between said reeds and saidlpipe, and valves controlling said air chest.

. 10. A reed organ comprising a resonating a plurality of beating reeds of different pitch forming a scale, porting said reeds, and valves adjacent said reed-supporting means for said reeds for controllingthe selection oisaid reeds.

means for sup- 11. A reed organ comprising a resonating pipe,- a plurality of beating reeds of different forming a scale, a support for said and valves for said reeds mounted on said support,said valves controlling the selection of said reeds.

12; reed organ comprising a resonating pipe, a plurality of beating reeds, a support for said reeds, valves on said support for controlling the selection of said reeds, a plurality of chambers constituting an air chest said reeds, and

13. A reed organ comprising a plurality of beating reeds, a resonating pipe, and a valve controlling the outlet to said pipe.

14. A reed organ comprising a plurality of beating reeds, a resonating pipe, rality of bells movable across the mouth of said pipe and an independently operable valve in the mouth of said pipe. 7

15. A reed organ comprising a plurality of beating reeds including reed tubes, a reand valves for said beating reeds contiguous to the open ends of said tubes for selectively controlling said reeds.

In testimony that I claim as my invention, 1 have signed my name in presence of two subscribing witnesses.

" GEORGES CLOETENS.

Witnesses:

Hnnnr RAoLo'r,

FELIX DE CooMAN.

by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

a plu-;

the foregoing

US61576711A 1911-03-20 1911-03-20 Reed-organ. Expired - Lifetime US1179504A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2844983A (en) * 1953-05-21 1958-07-29 Wurlitzer Co Reed box for electronic organ

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2844983A (en) * 1953-05-21 1958-07-29 Wurlitzer Co Reed box for electronic organ

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