US11755A - Self-acting mule - Google Patents

Self-acting mule Download PDF

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US11755A
US11755A US11755DA US11755A US 11755 A US11755 A US 11755A US 11755D A US11755D A US 11755DA US 11755 A US11755 A US 11755A
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table
motion
mule
shaft
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01HSPINNING OR TWISTING
    • D01H3/00Spinning or twisting machines in which the product is wound-up intermittently, e.g. mules

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

WANTON ROUSE, OF TAUNTON, MASSACHUSETTS.

SELF-ACTING MULE.

Specification of Letters Patent No. 11,755, dated October 3, 1854.

To all whom/1f may concern Be it known that I, IVANToN Ronse, of Taunton, in the county of Bristol and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Improvement in the SelfActing Mule for Spinning Cot-ton and other Fibrous Materials; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification.

In order to explain the nature of this invention, it is necessary to refer briefly to the invention of improvements in the self acting mule which forms the subject of Letters Patent granted to me on the 2nd of November 1852, and re-issued under an amended specification on the 2d of March 1853. The principal feature of that invention consists in a cam, by which the motion of the spindles in backing ofi, and winding on, the yarn, is produced and governed. Since putting this invention in operation, I have substituted for the cam, a variable inclined table.

The )rinci )al reasons for this change arel l l e a that the inclined plane is more easily constructed, and that its operation is more accurate, in consequence of its motion being positive, while the cam is dependent for its stoppage, after each winding on operation, in the right position to commence the next backing off operation, upon the action of a friction brake, which is a device not at all times certain in its producing and governing the motion of the spindles for backing off and winding on the yarn by means of a double inclined table, the degree of whose inclinations varies transversely to the direction of its motion, which may be either in a rectilinear direction, or in a circular direction with every point moving in a plane.

Figure 1, in the accompanying drawing, is a side elevation of the principal parts of a mule, constructed according to my invention, one side of the framing being removed to show the working parts more distinctly. Fig. 2, is a longitudinal vert-ical section of the inclined table, and certain other parts bearing intimate relation thereto, in the line a', y, of Figs. 3 and 5. Fig. 8, is an end view of l[he same parts, shown in Fig. 2, looking from the left hand of said figure. Fig. 4L, is a longitudinal profile of that side of the table, which is farthest removed from view in Fig. 1. Fig. 5, is a top view of the table.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.

All the parts of my improved mule which I have not now represented, correspond precisely with my former patented mule. The inclined table A, which I have represented supported by studs o, c, fitting to horizontal ways n, n, in the framing, is intended to receive a rectilinear motion, in the direction of the arrow shown on it in Fig. 1, during the whole of the time when the backing off and winding on of the yarn is to be performed. This motion is derived from two toothed pinions B, B, on a shaft C, which corresponds with the shaft of the cam in my former mule, the said pinions gearing with two toothed racks M, M, on the under sideV of the table. `The shaft C, carries a large spur wheel H, similar to the spur wheel on the cam shaft in` my formel1 mule, which gears with' a small spur wheel, (not represented) which is set in motion at the time the backing off is intended to commence, at which time, the finger cl, of the swinging frame, is on some point on the line 25, which is shown in Fig. 5, andI has its position indicated in Figs. 1, 2, and 4f. The finger d, supports the swinging frame D, which is precisely like that in my former mule, and during the time the table A, is moving so far as to bring the transverse line 5 (which intersects the least prominent part of any line drawn longitudinally'upon the table) in Contact with the finger, the swinging frame descends and its toothed segments a., give motion to the toothed wheels y, y, and their shaft, X, in the direction of the black arrow shown in Fig. 1.

The shaft X, is geared to drive the spindles at the time of backing off and winding on the yarn, and when moving in the direction of the black arrowdrives them in the proper direction to back off. The carriage, during the above motion, has been ruiming out, but when the finger arrives on the line 5, its motion is reversed to run up, and as the motion of the table progresses, the finger el, rises, causing the swinging frame D, to rise also, and the toothed segments a, to reverse the motion of the wheels y, and the shaft X, and thus to reverse the motion of the spindles, and whirl them in the proper direction for winding on the yarn. By the time the carriage has been run up to the beam,

the table has moved so far, that its highest nthe framing of the-mule.

operativeY transverse line 6, which is very4 near that end which is represented at the right hand of the drawing, has come in contact with the finger, and at that time, the small spur wheel which drives the large spur wheel H, is uncoupeled from its shaft and leaves the table A, free to be returned to the position from which it started, viz with the finger d, on the line 25, by two weights L,'wh`ich are attached to the right hand end of the table by cords Z, passing over pulleys m, whose axles are attached to The action of the weights upon the table A, is certain and immediate, and as the shaft X, is uncoupled by a positive movement (similar to that in my former mule) the table is at once thrown back to the position where it is required to remain stationary until the time when the next backing off operation is required t0 commence. During the backward movement of the table A, the finger d, follows the surface, and causes the segments on the swinging frame to bring back to shaft X, to the proper position to be coupled at the right time.

The Yshort descending inclined part 25, 5, of the table, and the long ascending inclined part 5, 6, gradually increase in steepness from the side 7 to the side 8, of Fig. 3. The side 7 is where the finger rests when the cops are commenced, and" it is gradually worked by the screw, toward the side S,

, where it arrives when the cop is finished..

The variation in the steepness of the inclination is necessary, in order to suit the changing shape of the cops as their building progresses. The form of the cam is fully shown in the drawing.- The proportionate inclinations of the sides 7, and 8, of the cam, will depend on the shape of the copl to be produced. The longitudinal inclinations of the ascending part 5, 6, of the table may be made in irregular curves, in order to give the spindles dierent velocities at different stages of every winding on operation.

Instead of a double inclined table moving having a rectilinearmotion as described, I

propose, if desirable, to use a substantially similar table moving back and forth, around a fixed vertical aXis'; every part of its surface moving in a horizontal plane like the" rectilinearly moving table,f-in that case, the inclination 25, 5, and 5, 6, will be described in circles instead of in straight lines, and the transverse lines 25, 5, and 6, will be radial tothe aXis.

What I claim as my invention, and desirel WANTON ROUSE.

IVitnesses:

M. F. MoFADoN, BENJ. R. DEAN.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040237287A1 (en) * 2003-05-29 2004-12-02 Visteon Global Technologies, Inc. Method for assembly of an automotive alternator stator assembly with rectangular continuous wire
US20050051830A1 (en) * 2003-09-05 2005-03-10 Micron Technology, Inc. Trench corner effect bidirectional flash memory cell
US20050138262A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2005-06-23 Micron Technology, Inc. Flash memory having a high-permittivity tunnel dielectric

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040237287A1 (en) * 2003-05-29 2004-12-02 Visteon Global Technologies, Inc. Method for assembly of an automotive alternator stator assembly with rectangular continuous wire
US20050051830A1 (en) * 2003-09-05 2005-03-10 Micron Technology, Inc. Trench corner effect bidirectional flash memory cell
US20050138262A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2005-06-23 Micron Technology, Inc. Flash memory having a high-permittivity tunnel dielectric

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