US1166971A - Reed musical instrument. - Google Patents

Reed musical instrument. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1166971A
US1166971A US79668013A US1913796680A US1166971A US 1166971 A US1166971 A US 1166971A US 79668013 A US79668013 A US 79668013A US 1913796680 A US1913796680 A US 1913796680A US 1166971 A US1166971 A US 1166971A
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Prior art keywords
instrument
reed
musical instrument
bulbous
bell
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US79668013A
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Charles G Conn
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Charles G Conn
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/04Valves; Valve controls
    • G10D9/047Valves; Valve controls for wood wind instruments

Description

C. G. CONN.
REED MUSICAL INSTRUMENT, APPLICATION FILED OCT. 22, 1913.
1,166,971, Patented Jan. 4, 1916.
2 SHEETSSHEET l.
C. G. CONN.
REED MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. 22, 1913.
1,166,971. Patented Jan. 4, 1916.
fly 6. 2 SHEETSSHEET 2.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CHARLES o. CONN, or ELKH'ART, INDIANA.
REED MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
Application filed October 22, 1913.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES G. CONN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Elkhart, in the county of Elkhart and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Reed Musical Instruments, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to an instrument designed to produce tones of certain quality conceived to be desirable for solo as well as for concert playing. It is somewhat analo gous to the so-called English horn, but differs therefrom in features of construction which result in decided differences in character and quality of tones produced. The differences in construction are characterized mainly by the absence, from the tones produced, of the nasal quality of the tones of the English horn; also by the simulation of the line and mellow tones of the saxophone, and the softness and total lack of harshness of the low pitch tones which the instrument produces. The main characteristics of the instrument from which these new conditions result are a single, comparatively large, reed with a .mouth piece, such as is usually employed with the clarinet; a straight bore capable of receiving such a mouth piece at its upper end and enlarging conically downward therefrom, so as to produce a relatively large conic bore; and a bulbous end. The bulbous end is preferably provided with a series of perforations, permanently open, and distributed circi'unfcrentially, just in advance of the crest of the bulb or swell.
It has been proposed to provide an English horn with a bulbous end, but this feature alone is incapable of producing the effects attainable with my new instrument, because of the absence of other features which I have enumerated as being neces sarily combined to produce the results.
In the drawings :Figure 1 is a side elevation of a reed musical instrument embodying my invention; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of Fig. l on the line 2-2; Fig. 3 is a section on the line 33, Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a section on the line kl, Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is a section on the line 55, Fig. 1; Fig. 6 is an enlarged longitudinal section of the bulbous bell of the instrument; Fig. 7 is an enlarged longitudinal section of the mid- Specifioation of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 4, 1916.
Serial No. 796,680.
may be used.
The object of my invention is to produce a singlereed mouth piece musical instrument having a conical bore of increasing diameter from the mouth end to the bell end of the instrument and providing such instru ment with a partially closed bulbous bell.
The reference numeral 1 designates the mouth section of the instrument and 2 the middle section of the instrument. 3 is the single reed used on the instrument and 4 is the clamp for securing the single reed in position on the instrument.
As will be seen from Fig. 2, the bore of the instrument is conical and increases in diameter from the mouth of the instrument to the bell end of the instrument.
The hell 5 of the instrument is of bulbous construction with a constricted opening, thus constituting a partially closed bulbous bell. This bell as shown in the drawing is somewhat elongated, the inner walls 6 at the enner end of the bell being substantially a continuation of the conical bore of the instrument, while the inner wall of the bell at 7 is more or less converged and forms a chamber of substantially bulbous shape with a constricted opening 8.
From experiment I have found that the use of the bulbous bell combined with the relatively large conical bore and single-reed mouth piece in an instrument of. the character described, shows a more sympathetic and more satisfactory quality of tone. In fact, it enables me to produce an instrument of an entirely new tonal effect, one that will be very satisfactory for use both as a solo instrument, and in large orchestras and military bands.
lVhat I claim is 1. A wind musical instrument comprisin a mouth piece with a single reed, a tube having a bore adapted at its upper end to receive the singlereed mouth piece and extending conically therefrom to its lower end, and providing a straight and relatively large conical bore, and a bulbous lower end.
2. A Wind musical instrument compris- 5 ing a mouth piece with a single reed, a tube having a bore adapted at its upper end to receive the singlereed mouth piece and extending conically therefrom to its lower end, and providing a straight and relatively large 10 conical bore, and a bulbous lower end; said bulbous lower end being provided with a circumferential series of relatively small perforations located in advance of the crest of the bulb.
The foregoing specification signed at 15 Elkhart, Ind, this seventeenth day of October, 1913.
CHARLES G. CONN.
In presence of two WltIlBSS8S- MAE E. RICHARDSON, PAULINE WILLIAMS.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, I). C.
US79668013A 1913-10-22 1913-10-22 Reed musical instrument. Expired - Lifetime US1166971A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3191481A (en) * 1963-05-20 1965-06-29 Miller Mel Reed wind instrument
US6259010B1 (en) * 2000-05-19 2001-07-10 Kanichi Nagahara Piccolo
US8269086B1 (en) * 2011-03-19 2012-09-18 Yuichi Tanabe Flute support

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3191481A (en) * 1963-05-20 1965-06-29 Miller Mel Reed wind instrument
US6259010B1 (en) * 2000-05-19 2001-07-10 Kanichi Nagahara Piccolo
US8269086B1 (en) * 2011-03-19 2012-09-18 Yuichi Tanabe Flute support
US20120234156A1 (en) * 2011-03-19 2012-09-20 Yuichi Tanabe Flute support

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