US1140958A - Composition floor-covering. - Google Patents

Composition floor-covering. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1140958A
US1140958A US79901413A US1913799014A US1140958A US 1140958 A US1140958 A US 1140958A US 79901413 A US79901413 A US 79901413A US 1913799014 A US1913799014 A US 1913799014A US 1140958 A US1140958 A US 1140958A
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Prior art keywords
covering
composition
floor
laid
pounds
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Expired - Lifetime
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US79901413A
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William Cowan
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William Cowan
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Priority to US79901413A priority Critical patent/US1140958A/en
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Publication of US1140958A publication Critical patent/US1140958A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B18/00Use of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse, specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B18/04Waste materials; Refuse
    • C04B18/18Waste materials; Refuse organic
    • C04B18/24Vegetable refuse, e.g. rice husks, maize-ear refuse; Cellulosic materials, e.g. paper, cork
    • C04B18/248Vegetable refuse, e.g. rice husks, maize-ear refuse; Cellulosic materials, e.g. paper, cork from specific plants, e.g. hemp fibres

Description

W Cross Reference I Examiner UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

WILLIAM COWAN, OF PITTSFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS.-

COMPOSITION FLOOR-COVERING.

No Drawing.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, WILLIAM COWAN, subject of the King of Great Britain, residing at Pittsfield, in the county of Berkshire and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Composition Floor-Coverings, of which the following is a specification.

This invention has as its object to provide a novel composition fioor covering which may be readily laid or applied by anyone without experience and which will serve its purpose better than oil-cloth, linoleum, carpets, and the like, and it is also an aim of the invention to provide a floor covering of such composition that it may be laid in seamless condition, will lie flat upon uneven floors, will be water proof, capable of being readily cleaned, which will not be liable to crack or buckle, and which may be manufactured and laid at little cost.

The invention further aims to provide a composition for the purpose stated, which will prove a desirable substitute for hardwood floors and which may be prepared in any desired color or shade or in various colors with artistic effects.

The composition embodying the present invention is also well adapted for use as a finish for walls and particularly for the walls of bath rooms, halls, kitchens, and the like.

The composition consists of a mixture of paper pulp, glue, Portland cement, water, and any desired dry color, these ingredients being mixed in the proportions stated in the following formula:

= Pa or 111 6 pounds. Gli feui n? 1 pound. Portland cement 4 pounds.

Water 1} gallon. Dry color pound.

the covering has become thoroughly dry it Specification 01' Letters Patent.

Application filed November 3, 1913. Serial No. 799,014.

Patented May 25, 1915.

M7; ,/2 may be finished by applying to its surface any suitable varnish or water proof substance or compound, or it may be painted or treated by various methods employed in finishing woodwork or plastered or kalsomined wall surfaces.

I have found by actual experience that a wall covering manufactured in accordance with the above formula and laid in the manner stated, will be exceptionally durable, will be easy to clean, and will not be liable to crack or become broken or buckle. While the covering is relatively hard and tough, by reason of the employment of the paper pulp, it possesses a desired degree of resiliency so that it may yield with the floor if the flooring is old or not well laid.

It is to be understood, of course, that the covering may be laid to any desired thickness but I have found that a thickness of approximately one-eighth of an inch is sulficient for all rooms of ordinary size.

It will, of course, be understood that a floor surface prepared and laid in accordance with my invention may be repaired by filling in any depressions or worn spots with a suitable quantity of the compound. In preparing the covering the glue is dissolved in a suitable quantity of water and the dry color to be employed is then added to this mixture, whereupon the whole is poured upon the paper and cement and thoroughly stirred and kneaded until of about the consistency of dough. It is then ready for use and may be spread upon the floor or other surface to be covered.

Having thus described the invention,what I claim is: I

1. A plastic coating composition, consisting of paper pulp 6 pounds, glue 1 pound, Portland cement 4 pounds, and water gallon.

2. A plastic coating composition consisting of paper pulp 6 pounds, glue 1 pound, Portland cement 4 pounds, dry color 1} pound and water 1} gallon.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

WILLIAM COWAN.

Witnesses:

M. ELIZABETH OBREN, IRVING H. GAMWELL.

O'opies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the "Commissioner of Patentl,

' Washington, D. G.

US79901413A 1913-11-03 1913-11-03 Composition floor-covering. Expired - Lifetime US1140958A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US79901413A US1140958A (en) 1913-11-03 1913-11-03 Composition floor-covering.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US79901413A US1140958A (en) 1913-11-03 1913-11-03 Composition floor-covering.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1140958A true US1140958A (en) 1915-05-25

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Family Applications (1)

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US79901413A Expired - Lifetime US1140958A (en) 1913-11-03 1913-11-03 Composition floor-covering.

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US (1) US1140958A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050284076A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20090038253A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2009-02-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7877956B2 (en) 1999-07-05 2011-02-01 Pergo AG Floor element with guiding means
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements

Cited By (115)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8661762B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-03-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8875465B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-11-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8276342B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2012-10-02 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20110185663A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2011-08-04 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7856784B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2010-12-28 Pergo AG Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20090038253A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2009-02-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20060236635A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236630A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236634A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236637A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236633A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236636A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236638A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060248829A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060248830A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060254184A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060254183A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap. Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060260249A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060272263A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-12-07 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070094986A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-05-03 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070094987A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-05-03 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070107363A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-05-17 Unlin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070251188A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-11-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Bestloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080010928A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-01-17 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080010929A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-01-17 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080053027A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-06 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080053028A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-06 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080060310A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-13 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080060309A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-13 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080066416A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-20 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060225377A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7617645B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-17 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7621094B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-24 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7634886B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-22 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7634887B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-22 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7637067B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7637066B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7640708B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-05 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7644555B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7644557B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7644554B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7647741B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7647743B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7650727B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7650728B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 UNILIN BEHEER BV besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7654054B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-02 Uniliin Beheer B.V. besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7658048B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7661238B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., besloten, vennootshap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665266B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665268B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665267B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665265B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unlin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669376B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669377B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7673431B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. besloten, vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7677008B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7681371B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-23 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698869B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-04-20 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698868B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-04-20 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7707793B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-05-04 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7712280B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-05-11 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7726089B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7735288B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-15 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7770350B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-08-10 Unilin Beheer B. V., besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7810297B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-10-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827754B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827755B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20100319292A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2010-12-23 Stefan Simon Gustaaf Moriau Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060201095A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-09-14 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US9290951B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2016-03-22 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US20110023405A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2011-02-03 Stefan Simon Gustaaf Moriau Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060196138A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-09-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8166723B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2012-05-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060032177A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-02-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8365494B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2013-02-05 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060005499A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US8997429B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2015-04-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US20050284075A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8789334B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2014-07-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20050284076A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US7877956B2 (en) 1999-07-05 2011-02-01 Pergo AG Floor element with guiding means
US9260869B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-16 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10233653B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2019-03-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9611656B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-04-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9534397B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-01-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US8578675B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-11-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Process for sealing of a joint
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
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US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
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US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8631623B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2014-01-21 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels

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