US1136517A - Artificial-breathing apparatus. - Google Patents

Artificial-breathing apparatus. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1136517A
US1136517A US1912729673A US1136517A US 1136517 A US1136517 A US 1136517A US 1912729673 A US1912729673 A US 1912729673A US 1136517 A US1136517 A US 1136517A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
pipe
air
apparatus
figs
artificial
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Johann Heinrich Draeger
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Draegerwerk AG and Co KGaA
Original Assignee
Draegerwerk AG and Co KGaA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/67Apparatus specially adapted for handling semiconductor or electric solid state devices during manufacture or treatment thereof; Apparatus specially adapted for handling wafers during manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or electric solid state devices or components ; Apparatus not specifically provided for elsewhere
    • H01L21/67005Apparatus not specifically provided for elsewhere
    • H01L21/67011Apparatus for manufacture or treatment
    • H01L21/67017Apparatus for fluid treatment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10S137/908Respirator control
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/85978With pump
    • Y10T137/86083Vacuum pump

Description

1. H. DRAGER.

ARTIFICIAL BREATHING APPARATUS.

APPLICATION FILED NOV- 5, I912.

Patented Apr. 20, 1915.

3 SHEETS-SHEET Fig. '1

J. H. DRAGER. ARTIFICIAL BREATHING APPARATUS.

APPLACATION FILED NOV. 5, 1912.

Patented Apr. 20, 1915.

3 SHEETS-SEEP: 2.

J. 'H. DRAGER.

ARTIFICIAL BREATHING APPARATUS.

APPLICATION FILED NOV. 5, 1912.

QSHEETS-SHEET 3.

' I 1 I a 719m 8 m Z1 l e Patented Apr; 20, 1915.

1:1) STATES PATENT onion.

.voHANN nnmarcn 'nmicna, on LuBEcK, GERMANY, ,AssIeNoR 1:0 THE FIRM or nniennwnam HEINR. & nnmvmnnlicnn, or L'UBECK, GERMANY.

ARTIFICIAL-BREATHING APPARATUS.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Original application filed October 1, 1908, Serial No. 455,718. Divided and this application filed November 5,1912. Seria1No.729,673.

To all whom it me concern.- I

Be it known t at I, JOHANN HEINRICH DRKGER, a subject of the Emperor of Germany, and resident of Liibeck, in the Ger-v man Empire, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Artificial-Breathing Apparatus, of which the following is a specification, and is a division of my application for which Letters Patent of the United States were granted January 7, 1913, under No. 1,049,346,

The present invention relates to improvements in methodsand apparatus for. artificially causing people to breathe. By the aid of a breathing apparatus air or some other suitable, gas 18 forced into the breathing organs'of the body and then drawn out again by suction in a way similar to natural breathing. A paratus of this kind. known heretofore di ers from the present apparatus inasmuch as in the present'apparatus' the air or gas conducting means for the alternate connectionwith the breathing organs are so arranged that the same gas driving means is used both for producing the inhaling as well as the exhaling. -The pipes used are connected with a pressure and suction device in a manner to secure a reliable operation.

In thedrawings similar letters refer to snmlar parts.

.Figure 1 is an elevation of an apparatus constructed according to this invention.

ing valve 0,

Fig. 2 isa front view of the same partly'in section. Fig. 3 is a plan.- Figs. 4 and 5 are diagrammaticalviews of the air or gas conducting means. Figs. 6, 7, 8 and 9 are diagrammatica'l views of modifications of the last named means.- Figs. 10 to 12 are elevations of an apparatus in three positions for operating the modification shown in Figs. 6 and 7.

In the apparatus shown in Figs. 1 to 5 a designates an oxygen (or other gas) flask having as usual an outlet valve b and reducwhich by means-of piping herein'after described'is connected with a mask 8.

The reducing valve 0 1s provided with an e ector or nozzle dfrom which two pipes f and e lead to a valve for instance a fourway cock or valve z'as shown. 'The latter is preferably connected with a breathingmask s by a flexible pipe 9 and is provided with a short pipe h leading out into the open air.

The mask 8 may be dispensed with as. the

pipe 9 may be held in the mouth, or nose pieces may be provided. Thus the gas ejecting from the nozzle (1 under pressure passes Patented Apr.2, 119115.

either with the pipe f or with "the pipe (3.. i

The result is that the breathing organs of the person to whom the mask is attached are alternately. given oxygen (or gas) ejected from the opened valve 6 by the nozzle (1 together with air by the pipes 15., e, f, g or the bad-air is drawn from them by way of pipes g, e, f and 72,.

he change of position of the cock may be effected by any suitable means, for instance a motor may be provided to oscillate the cock. In the construction shown in Figs. 2 and 3 the motor comprises a clockwork ;0 for rotating a shaft 1', to which is fixed a cam disk m. A lever l is pivotally connected with a stud 0 and is provided with a pin 1, which projects into the cam slot n of the disk m. The lever Z is connected clearly shown in Figs. 4 and 5.

As may be seen there is not a special ejector forthe inhaling and a special ejector 95 y for; the exhaling, but both operations are carried out by one single nozzle, which operates in connection with pipes f and e.-

- In the construction described above it will be preferable to'make the flexible pipe lead.

ing-to the mask as short or small as possible enter the .mouth again. However it is gen- 10o .so as to allow very little air breathed out to a p 1 erally advantageous and frequently neces- I sary to use pipes that are notftoo long or too small. In the modifications shownin Figs. 6 to 9 two flexible pipesare shown one g for the inhaling and the other 9 for the exhaling.

In the modific'ation'shown in Figs. 6 and7 ed to direct said air out of the pipe through the pipes e and f are connected with an one of said openings and thereby create a open ended cylinder k having a piston rod t suction through the other opening, and a carrying three pistons, which may bebrought branch pipe communicating with one of said into two positions. In the position shown in openings and adapted' to be connected with Fig. 6 the left hand space between the pisthe mouth of a human being for the purpose tons connects the-pipes e and 7, so as to specified.

allow a mixture of air and oxygen to be 3. In an apparatus for generating artififorced into the pipe 9'. and in the position cial respiration, a pipe forming a complete place in the pipe 9.

shown in Fig. 7 the right hand space becircuit and having branches therein, means tween the pistons connects the pipes e and to supply air under pressure to said pipe in f m such a way that a sucking action takes the direction of said branches, and a valve In the modification shown in 8 and tion of the pipe with one of said branches 9 whichis similar to that shown in Figs. 4: and the other portion ofthe pipe with the and 5, the cook 1? is so formed that it shuts other branch, and thereby create a pressure ofi either the pip'e'g' or the pipe g.- The of air in one branchand a suction in the efl'ect is the same as describedwith reference other branch. to-the Figs. 6 and 7. 4. In an apparatus for generating artifi- The pistons 23' shown in Figs. 6 and 7 may cial respiration,a pipe forming a complete be driven by acam-disk m, shownvin Figs. circuit, a branch in the pipe opening into 10, .11 and 12, Said disk has a stud'n', which the air, a secondbranch adapted to be conprojects into a slot at of a link Z, pivotally nected with the mouth of a human being, a connected with the piston rod 2?.- When the nozzle in said pipe for supplying compresse disk m is rotated by means of a motor or air thereto in the direction of said branches, clockwork, not shown, the pipes f and e a valve in said pipe adapted to simultaare connected alternately with pipes g and neously open one branch and close the other 9, as above described. The disk m may be to the air under pressure, whereby the esprovided with a notch m, which may be encape of air from the pipe into one branch gaged bya projection u on a pawl u, as will create a suction in the other branch.

- shownm Fig. 12, which is acted upon by a 5. In an apparatus for generating artifivided for convenience.

spring a, and which maybe withdrawn from cial respiration means for supplying gas un- Y this engagement at will by a hand operated der pressure a circulation pipe in connection screw w acting oh the tail of the pawl. with said means, a nozzle in said pipe, cen- When the link Z is in the position shown in trally arranged within the pipe and adapted Fig. 12 the movement of the piston rod i to cause a pressure in front and a sucklng can be effected by hand, a knob :12 being proaction in the pipe behind the front part of I claim: tan'ce from the nozzle, a branch in the pipe '1- In an apparatus for generating artifiopening into the air and controlled by the -cial respiration, a pipe forming a complete valve-two more branches in the pipe so concircuit and'having openings therein, means trolled by the valve that one of these two to supply air un er pressure to said pipe branches is connected with the pressure part In the direction of said openings, means of the pipe or the second of these tWo adapted to direct said air out of the pipe branches is connected with the suction part through one of said openings and thereby of the pipe, the other of the two branches create a suction through the other opening. being closed at that time.

" JOHANN HEINRICH DRAGER.

2. In an apparatus for generating ar c al respiration, a pipe forming a complete circuit and having openings therein, means Witnesses: to supply air under pressure to said pipe in CHARLES HARRY BOEGKINER,

\ the direction of said openings, means adapt- JOHN WuLF.

arranged to simultaneously connect one por- 65 said nozzle, a valve in the pipe at a s- V

US1136517A 1908-10-01 1912-11-05 Artificial-breathing apparatus. Expired - Lifetime US1136517A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1049346A US1049346A (en) 1908-10-01 1908-10-01 Artificial breathing apparatus.
US1136517A US1136517A (en) 1908-10-01 1912-11-05 Artificial-breathing apparatus.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1136517A US1136517A (en) 1908-10-01 1912-11-05 Artificial-breathing apparatus.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1136517A true US1136517A (en) 1915-04-20

Family

ID=3204623

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1136517A Expired - Lifetime US1136517A (en) 1908-10-01 1912-11-05 Artificial-breathing apparatus.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1136517A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2468741A (en) * 1944-12-12 1949-05-03 John H Emerson Breathing apparatus
US2776659A (en) * 1954-01-26 1957-01-08 Syrrei S Wilks Respiratory apparatus
US2830580A (en) * 1952-10-21 1958-04-15 Saklad Meyer Electronically controlled respiratory apparatus
US2914064A (en) * 1957-03-14 1959-11-24 Sandelowsky Werner Respirators
US3094274A (en) * 1960-04-29 1963-06-18 Harris A Thompson Artificial respirator apparatus
US3280832A (en) * 1963-11-18 1966-10-25 Retec Inc Cycling valve

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2468741A (en) * 1944-12-12 1949-05-03 John H Emerson Breathing apparatus
US2830580A (en) * 1952-10-21 1958-04-15 Saklad Meyer Electronically controlled respiratory apparatus
US2776659A (en) * 1954-01-26 1957-01-08 Syrrei S Wilks Respiratory apparatus
US2914064A (en) * 1957-03-14 1959-11-24 Sandelowsky Werner Respirators
US3094274A (en) * 1960-04-29 1963-06-18 Harris A Thompson Artificial respirator apparatus
US3280832A (en) * 1963-11-18 1966-10-25 Retec Inc Cycling valve

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3581742A (en) Intermittent positive pressure breathing device
US3473529A (en) Squeeze-bag resuscitator
US3509899A (en) Heart and lung resuscitator
US3046978A (en) Manually operated resuscitator
US3863630A (en) Respiratory apparatus
US3584621A (en) Respiratory apparatus
US4592349A (en) Ventilator having an oscillatory inspiratory phase and method
US4409977A (en) High frequency ventillator
US4163450A (en) Method and apparatus for weaning patient from continuous mechanical ventilation
US3234932A (en) Respirator
US4495946A (en) Artificial breathing device
US3831595A (en) Respirator
US3485243A (en) Respirator with improved exhalation valve and control means
US5398714A (en) Resuscitation and inhalation device
US5632298A (en) Resuscitation and inhalation device
US2830580A (en) Electronically controlled respiratory apparatus
US4127123A (en) Ventilator and method
US5116088A (en) Ventilator having an oscillatory inspiratory phase and method
US3351057A (en) Patient safeguarding anesthesia apparatus
US3307542A (en) Lung ventilating equipment
US5862802A (en) Ventilator having an oscillatory inspiratory phase and method
US5007420A (en) Ventilator having an oscillatory inspiratory phase and method
US4176663A (en) Medical ventilation apparatus
US20080011301A1 (en) Out flow resistance switching ventilator and its core methods
US2887104A (en) Mask to mask resuscitator