US1081448A - Cuspidor. - Google Patents

Cuspidor. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1081448A
US1081448A US77460613A US1913774606A US1081448A US 1081448 A US1081448 A US 1081448A US 77460613 A US77460613 A US 77460613A US 1913774606 A US1913774606 A US 1913774606A US 1081448 A US1081448 A US 1081448A
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Prior art keywords
cover
cuspidor
valve
lever
spring
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US77460613A
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Charles E Hunt
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Charles E Hunt
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J19/00Devices for receiving spittle, e.g. spittoons
    • A61J19/04Spittoons with water supply

Description

G. E. HUNT.
GUSPIDOR.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 19, 1913.
Patented Dec. 16, 1913.
C. EHumZ;
COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH COuWASHlNGTON. n. c.
CHARLES E. HUNT, OF TI-IOMASVILLE, ALABAMA.
CUSPIDOR.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 16,1913.
Application filed J'une 19, 1913. Serial No. 774,606.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that 1, CHARLES E. HUNT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Thomasville, in the county of Clark and State of Alabama, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cuspidors, of which the following is a specification.
This invention is a novel improvement in cuspidors and its object is to provide a selfflushing cuspidor' to take the place of the unsanitary and disgusting spittoons heretofore used on passenger trains and in public places, and to be used wherever cuspidors are desired. Such novel cuspidor is intended to be attached to the wall of the car or detachably fixedly secured at any point where it is desired to have same; and it is provided with a normally closed cover and with a water supply valve which is automatically opened by the closing of the cover so that the cuspidor will be flushed each time it is used; and the cuspidor is provided with an outlet which may be connected with a suitable pipe leading to a discharge point, or to the sewer pipe.
In the accompanying drawings I have illustrated one practical form of cuspidor embodying the invention and will explain same with reference to said drawings and in the claims I summarize the essentials of the invention and the novel features thereof for which protection is desired.
In said drawings Figure 1 is a plan view of the cuspidor the cover being closed and partially broken away to show interior parts. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of Fig. 1 partly in section to show the valve, also showing the cover closed in full lines, and partly opened in dot-and-dash lines, and in the act of closing in dotted lines.
The cuspidor comprises a bowl or body 1 which may be of any desired material and form, and is shown as resembling an inverted cone in shape and has an outlet 1 at bottom which may be connected to a pipe, not shown, by which the contents of the cue-- pidor can be discharged into a sewer, or at any desired point. The body 1 may be fixedly supported in any suitable way at the point of use. As shown it is attached to a lateral bracket 2 which may be fastened to the wall of the car, for example, at the point where the cuspidor is to be located. The support 2 may be varied in form to suit the position in which the cuspidor is to be placed, the essential point being that the cuspidor can be capable of being firmly supported in upright position at the point of use.
The body is provided with a suitable cover which as shown comprises a fixed part 3 and a movable or hinged part 3 which is hingedly connected to the part 3 and can be raised to open the cuspidor by any suitable means such as a handle 3", for example, which may be of any suitable kind. Preferably the part 3 is hinged to the part 3* by means of hinge plates 4t, 4 respectively securely attached to the parts 3 and 3 and said plates being provided with upstanding lugs or studs 1, t respectively, which lap each other and are transfixed by a hinge rod 1 A stout helical spring 1 is strung on the rod 4Q between the lugs r the ends of the spring bearing on the plates 4:, 1 respectively so that when the part 3 of the cover is raised the spring is tensioned.
The rod 4* is preferably so connected with the cover 3 that when the latter is raised the rod will be rocked. As shown in Fig. 1 one end of the rod 1* is squared, as at e, and is engaged with a square hole in a bracket l secured to the cover 3; the other end of the rod at projects beyond the edge of the cover and is provided with a short return-bend or crank port-ion 4 on which is preferably mounted a friction roller P which operates the water inlet valve as hereinafter described.
Vithin the body 1, preferably at the upper edge thereof, is an annular perforated section 5, which may be conveniently formed by an annular pipe secured within the body, and this pipe is connected at the rear of the cuspidor by an elbow 5 with the outlet 6 of a valve casing (3; which valve casing is preferably mounted on the support 2, and connected with a water supply pipe 6 in any suitable way. lVithin the valve casing and between the inlet and outlets thereof is a valve 7 which is shown as connected to a stem 7- that projects above the casing. Said valve may be normally closed by a spring 7 and the water pressure. The projecting end of the stem 7 of the valve is adapted to be contacted by one end of a valve lever 8 which may be pivoted at 8 upon a stud or bracket 2 on the support 2. The forward end of this lever is curved downwardly and forwardly and its extremity 8 projects into the path of the arc traversed by the roller 49 on rod 4 in the opening and closing of the cover. The other end of the lever 8 may be provided with a vertical projection 8 which serves both as a weight to normally hold the lever raised in contact with the stem 7 without unseating the valve; and also as a push-rod to open the valve without raising the cover when it is desired to flush the cuspidor thoroughly.
The construction is such that when the cover 3 is raised the shaft 4* is rocked and the crank end 4* and roller 4P swung downward and the latter first engages the upper side of the toe 8 of lever 8 and depresses the latter until the roller clears the toe whereupon the lever drops back to normal position by gravity without the valve being affected, as indicated in the dot and dash lines Fig. 2. The spring 4 is of course tensioned by this opening movement of the cover and as soon as the cover is released the spring closes it; but in so doing the shaft 4* is rocked so as to swing the roller 49 upwardly to normal position, and as such roller moves upwardly it engages the toe of the lever 8 and forces the latter upwardly thereby rocking the lever and causing it to depress the stem 7 a and open the valve, thereby allowing water to flow into the pipe 5 and flush the cuspidor. Thus each time the cover is raised the cuspidor will be flushed and the cover will be automatically closed by the spring unless it is forcibly held open. When the cover has nearly closed the roller P will clear the toe of the lever 8 and release the latter whereupon the valve 7 will be closed and remain closed until the cover is again raised and released.
The parts are so proportioned and adjusted that the valve will remain open but a short while, but will permit sufficient water to enter the cuspidor to properly cleanse it.
My novel cuspidor is automatically flushed and cleansed each time it is used, and therefore will not become oifensive nor repulsive in use.
l/Vhat I claim is:
1. In a cuspidor, the combination of a body, a water supply connected therewith, a valve for controlling the admission of water to the body, and a pivoted lever having one end arranged to engage and open said valve; with a cover for the cuspidor, a spring for closing the cover, a rock-shaft connected with the cover adapted to engage the free end of said lever and rock the latter as'the cover is closing so as to open the valve temporarily; said spring being tensioned by the opening of the cover.
2. In a cuspidor, the combination of a body, a water supply connected therewith, and a valve for controlling the admission of water to the body; with a pivoted lever for operating the valve, a rock-shaft connected with the cover having a curved arm adapted to engage the free end of said lever, a spring coiled on said shaft and adapted to close the cover, said rockshaft actuating said lever during the closing movement of the cover and opening the valve temporarily, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I attiX my signature, in presence of two witnesses.
CHARLES E. HUNT. Witnesses W. T. Moons, C. E. OOFFEY.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.
US77460613A 1913-06-19 1913-06-19 Cuspidor. Expired - Lifetime US1081448A (en)

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US77460613A US1081448A (en) 1913-06-19 1913-06-19 Cuspidor.

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6772452B1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2004-08-10 H. Richard Miller Laminar flow attachment for controlling toilet bowl splashing
US7044925B2 (en) 2002-12-30 2006-05-16 Innovation Sports, Llc Hinge system for regulating knee joint flexion and extension

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7044925B2 (en) 2002-12-30 2006-05-16 Innovation Sports, Llc Hinge system for regulating knee joint flexion and extension
US6772452B1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2004-08-10 H. Richard Miller Laminar flow attachment for controlling toilet bowl splashing

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