US1077565A - Non-refillable bottle. - Google Patents

Non-refillable bottle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1077565A
US1077565A US71011512A US1912710115A US1077565A US 1077565 A US1077565 A US 1077565A US 71011512 A US71011512 A US 71011512A US 1912710115 A US1912710115 A US 1912710115A US 1077565 A US1077565 A US 1077565A
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United States
Prior art keywords
bottle
neck
collar
valve
seat
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US71011512A
Inventor
Louis J Stilling
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LOUIS ISENBURG
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LOUIS ISENBURG
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Application filed by LOUIS ISENBURG filed Critical LOUIS ISENBURG
Priority to US71011512A priority Critical patent/US1077565A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1077565A publication Critical patent/US1077565A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/04Weighted valves
    • B65D49/06Weighted valves with additional loading weights

Description

L. JQSTILLING.
NON-REFILLABLB BOTTLE.
APPLIOATION FILED Junv 1a, 1912.
Patented Nov. 4, 1913.
i r Langen/ffl.
COLUMBIA PLANDGRAPH CO., WASHINGTON. U. C.
UNITED STATES PATENT GFFTCE.
LOUIS J. STILLING, NEWARK, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALE T0 LOUIS ISENBURG, OF NEWARK, NEW JERSEY.
NON-REEILLABLE BOTTLE.
Application 'ied July 18, 19.12.
Specification of Letters Patent.
To all whom i may conce/m Be it known'that LOUIS J. S'rILLiNG, a citizen of the United States, residing at Newark, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented certain Improvements inv Non-leillable Bottles, of which the following is a specification.
The objects of this invention are to provide an inexpensive construction of parts for a non-refillable bottle; to provide simple and eicient means for preventing the outward or inward displacement of the protecting cap; to provide an eiiicient valve of practicable design for construction from glass, porcelain or the like; to secure simplicity and positiveness of operation, and to obtain other advantages and results as may be brought out in the following description.
Referring to the accompanying drawings in which like numerals of reference indicate the same parts throughout the several views, Figure 1 is a central longitudinal section of a neck of a bottle with my improved closure applied thereto; Fig. 2 is a crosswsectional view on line A A of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view on line B-B of Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a sectional view, in perspective, of the protecting cap forming part of the device; Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the bow spring employed in said protecting cap, and Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the valve member.
In the specific embodiment of the invention illustrated in said drawings, 1 indicates the bottle having the neck 2, the said neck being provided with a peripheral bulge 3 intermediate vof the ends thereof, and the outer or upper end 4 of the neck above said bulge preferably being of greater diameter than the part thereunder. At the junction of the bottle and the neck, the material of which the same is composed is peripherally pressed inward, as at 5, whereby a valve seat 6 is provided of less diameter than the neck of said bottle. Adapted to normally seat upon said valve seat 6 is a preferably spherical or approximately spherical valve member 7, having an upwardly projecting stem S, and said stem has at a distance from the spherical valve 7 a plurality of laterally projecting guides or arms 9, 9 adapted to loosely engage the inner surface of the neck 2 of the bottle. The stem, however, projects beyond the said guides or arms 9, forming a portion hereinafter. referred to as a stop 10. Y
The guard or cap 11 comprises essentially a collar 12 smaller than the bottle neck and having two parallel plates or partitions 18, 14 transversely of itself, one plate 13 forming a top and having its diameter sufficient to fill the neck of the bottle and greater than the diameter 4of the collar, so as to form thereby a flange 15y projecting beyond the collar at the top ofthe same. A space or flow passage 16 is provided between the two said plates 13 14, and the said plates are likewise provided with openings for flow, the openings 17 in theV lower plate 14 being in staggered relation to the openings 18v in the upper plate 13. By such an arrangement a free passage for liquid is afforded, but the insertion of a wire or other tool in an attempt to tamper with the valve is prevented. Surrounding the Vsaid collar 12 is packing 19 of cork or other suitable packing material, compressed in assembling between said collar and the upper portion 4 of the neck. The guard or cap 11 is pressed into the neck of the bottle until said packing 19 is opposite the bulge 3 of thev neck, when it expands more or less into said bulge, such expansion aiding to prevent the removal of the guard or cap 11, as well as securing a tight lit in the neck. In order to positively lock the guard or cap 11 in the neck, T provide diametrically opposed apertures 20, 20 in the collar below the lower partition plate 14 and alined apertures 21, 21 in the packing 19, and through these apertures project detents 22, 22 secured upon the opposite ends of a bow spring 23 normally fitting within said collar 11. By such means it will be evident that the detents 22, 22 may be retracted while the guard is being inserted into the bottle neck, but will spring out into the bulge 3 and act in conjunction with the packing to prevent the removal of the guard when once inserted to its place.
Upon tipping the bottle to empty its contents, the valve member 7 moves away from its seat 6,but is held in approximate axial alinement therewith by the arms 9, and limited in its upward movement by the stop 10, engaging the underside of the lower plate 14. If an attempt is made to refill the bottle, the valve Will close upon its seat when the bottle is brought to approximately horizontal position, suoli action being facilitated by proportioning the Weight of the valve to the specific gravity of the fluid so that it will not float in the said fluid but will be readily seated by attempted inflow thereof.
Having thus described the invention, What I claim islrln combination With the neck of a bottle having a `reduced portion forming a valve seat and having a peripheral bulge spaced at a distance above said seat, providing a peripheral shoulder adjacent said A loulge'betiveen it and said seat, a packing `bushing Within said bulge, a collar compressing said packing against said shoulder `and into said bulge, said collar having transverse spaced plates With openings, those of one plate being in staggered relation to those of the other, a valve for said valve seat between the same and said collar, and means for connecting said packing and collar against independent movement longitudinally of the bottle neck.
2. In combination with the neck of a bottle having a reduced portion forming a` yond said guides, vvhereloy the valve is held in alinement With its seat and limited in its movement from the seat by the engagement of said projecting end ofthe stein with the said transverse means While the said guides*` are still below and out of Contact With'the same.
LOUIS J. VSTLLING.
Witnesses HOWARD P. KING, FRANCES E. BLoDGE'r'i.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of :Patents` Washington, D. C.
US71011512A 1912-07-18 1912-07-18 Non-refillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US1077565A (en)

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US71011512A US1077565A (en) 1912-07-18 1912-07-18 Non-refillable bottle.

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US71011512A US1077565A (en) 1912-07-18 1912-07-18 Non-refillable bottle.

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