US1070919A - Rail-joint. - Google Patents

Rail-joint. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1070919A
US1070919A US72146712A US1912721467A US1070919A US 1070919 A US1070919 A US 1070919A US 72146712 A US72146712 A US 72146712A US 1912721467 A US1912721467 A US 1912721467A US 1070919 A US1070919 A US 1070919A
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Prior art keywords
rail
joint
rails
provided
adapted
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US72146712A
Inventor
Oliver O Rosson
Original Assignee
Lester T Sheets
Jesse W Smith
Oliver O Rosson
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Priority to US72146712A priority Critical patent/US1070919A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B11/00Rail joints
    • E01B11/02Dismountable rail joints
    • E01B11/10Fishplates with parts supporting or surrounding the rail foot

Description

O. 0. ROSSON.

RAIL JOINT.

APPLICATION FILED SBP1.20, 1912.

Patented-Aug. 19, 1913.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

avwentoz 0. 0. ROSSON;

- RAIL JOINT.

APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 20, 1912.

1,070,919. PatentedAug. 19, 1913.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

awvewto'a Win /"0. 72 0550.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

OLIVER O. ROSSON, OF DUSTIN, OKLAHOMA, ASSIG-NOR OF ONE-FOURTH TO LESTER. T.

SHEETS AND ONE-FIFTH T0 JESSE W. SMITH, BOTH OF DUSTIN, OKLAHOMA.

RAIL-JOINT.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, OLIVER O. RossoN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dustin, in the county of Hughes and State of Oklahoma, have invented new and useful Improvements in Rail-Joints, of which the, following is a specification.

The present. invent-ion relates to oints for railway rails.

In carrying out my invention it is my purpose to provide a joint of this character which will securely retain the rails in proper alinement; which will so support the rails as to greatly increase the durability of the same; which will prevent the lateral movement or fiexure of the rails and overcome the liability of the spreading of the same; which will prevent the downward or dropping movement of the joint incident to the rolling stock passing thereover, and consequently prevent the clicking and chipping of the rail ends, and which will, in short, provide a substantially continuous rail, wherein accidents or annoyances incident to any of the above mentioned defects are entirely overcome, and the life of the rail ma.- terially added to and the comfort of the traveling public assured.

Another object of the invention is the provision of means whereby rails having their ends of a peculiar construction may be connected, the said means also adapted for joining the rail ends of the ordinary construction without material changes being necessitated in the same.

Other objects and advantages of the de vice will appear as the nature of the invention is more fully understood, and in the accompanying drawings there has been illustrated a satisfactory reduction of the same to practice, but the important instrumentalities thereof may be varied, and so it is to be understood that the device is not to be limited to the specific organization and arrangement herein shown and described.

In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of a rail joint constructed in accordance with the present invention. Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the same. Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view upon the line 33 of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a similar sectional view upon the line H of Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a similar sectional view upon the line 55 of Fig. Fig. 6 is a detail perspective View of one of the rail end securing members.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed September 20, 1912.

section 7.

Patented Aug. 19,1913. Serial No. 721,467.

Fig. 7 is a horizontal sectional view through the rail ends directly below the heads of the same. Fig. 8 is a similar sectional view but illustrating the arrangement of parts when two ordinary rail ends are connected. Fig. 9 is a detail perspective view of one of the rail ends. Fig. 10 is a top plan view of the Fig. 11 is a front elevation of one of the chair sections employed in securing the meeting ends of ordinary rails.

The device, it is to be understood, may be employed for securing rail ends of the ordi nary construction, or for securing rail ends of an especial construction. These latter rail ends, which are designated by the numerals l1 have their webs upon their opposite faces enlarged to provide angular shoulders 52 and 3, the outer faces of which being arranged flush with the opposite faces of the heads of the rails. The shoulder 2 is arranged a considerable distance beyond the shoulder 3, and the rail ends are provided with a plurality of steps 4, each of which embodies a longitudinal and a transverse wall of a length equaling the distance between the head and the base flange of each of the rails. The steps are, of course, arranged at an angle, that is one of the same is disposed directly to the rear of the preceding step, and the step adjacent the end or shoulder 2 is formed with a tongue 5, while the step adjacent the shoulder 3 is recessed to provide a pocket 6, and the tongue 5 of one of the rail ends is adapted to be received within the pocket of the adjacent rail end, while the step portions of the said rail ends engage with each other when the rails are assembled.

The rail joint embodies, primarily, a pair of sections 7, and 8. Each of these sections comprises a base 9 which has its longitudinal edge formed with a vertical longitudinally extending portion 10, the same having its inner and lower portion channeled to provide a longitudinally extending groove 11 which is shaped to conform with the cross sectional contour of the base flanges of the rails. The inner vertical face 12 of each of the members 10 is adapted to abut the webs of the rails, and upon the opposite sides thereof, and the upper longitudinal edge adjacent the inner face 12 of each of the members 10' is provided with an upwardly projecting bead 13 which is adapted to abut against the under face or ball of the,

rail. Each portion 10 of the members 7 and 8 has its outer face centrally enlarged as at lhthe said enlargement materially strengthening the joint at the portion thereof where in the ends proper of the rails are received. The base 9 of the member 7 is of a width approximately equaling the width of the flange of the rails, and its inner longitudinal edge 15 is adapted to abut against the inner longitudinal edge of the groove or chan nel 11 provided by the member 8. The channel 11 of the member 8, is of a greater depth than is the channel of the member 7, to compensate for the thickness of the base 9 of the said member 7.

.lntegrally formed upon the longitudinal edge 15 of the base 9 of the section 7 are outwardly extending tongues 16, the same being preferably three in number, one of which being arranged centrally of the said base and the remaining two being arranged adjacent the ends of the base. These tongues 16 are adapted to extend through openings 17 provided in the member 10 of the section 8, the said openings being arranged in a plane with the upper face of the base 9 of the section 8, and each of the tongues 15 provided with a suitable spike opening 18. The tongues 16 are adapted to be received upon flat fingers or extensions 19 which. are formed upon the outer face of the section 8, and are arranged in a plane with the base 9 thereof, and consequently adjacent the openings 17. The members 19 are pr vided with openings 20 which are adapted to register with the openings 18 of the tongues 16, and of course receive the spikes which pass through the said openings 18. It may here be stated that the tongues and fingers are arranged each above one of the ties to which the rails and the joint are connected.

The section 8 is provided at one side of its fingers or extensions 19 with lugs 21, the said lugs being slotted to receive spikes, and these lugs are not necessarily employed except when the joint connects rail ends on the curve in the track.

The longitudinal edge 22 of the base 9 of the section 8 is centrally enlarged as at 23 to correspond with the enlargement 1 1 of the section 7 and beneath which the said portion 23 is adapted to rest. The longitudinal edge 22 is arranged in the plane with the outer portion of the member 10 of the section 7 when the joint is assembled, and the said edge 22 formed with extending tongues 1 which are arranged diametrically opposite the extensions 19. The tongues 24; are adapted to underlie similar tongues 25 provided upon the outer and lower face of the section 7, tongues are provided with registering spike receiving openings. The edge 22 adjacent its tongues 2 1 is provided with lugs 26, sim

and the over and underlylng ilar to the lugs 21 and adapted for a like purpose.

The inner faces 12 of the portions 10 each of the rail sections are formed with a substantially rectangular recess 27, each being arranged in the central portion of its respective section, but one being slightly in advance of the other, and the said openings are adapted to receive the enlarged web portions of the co-acting rail ends. the said recesses are of a suflicient size to permit of the expansion of the rails, they effectively prevent the entire separation of the rails, and thus overcome the creeping or sliding of the said rails either upon the joint, or away from each other.

In addition to the securing spikes for the joint referred to, it has been found desirable to provide means for forcing the walls 12 of the joint sections toward each other and against the opposite sides of the rails. To accomplish this I provide any desired number of substantially U-shaped yokes or clamps 28, four of which being illustrated in the drawings, two being arranged adjacent the end tongues, and two being shown at the opposite sides of the central enlarged portions of the joint sections. One of the arms of each of the yokes has a threaded element 29 which is adapted to engage with the outer face of one of the sections at the upper edge thereof to force its opposite arm into engagement with the face of the opposite joint section. One of the arms of each of the clamps has its inner face preferably provided with a lug 80, while the section of the joint is provided with depressions 31 within which the said lug is adapted to be received. The face of the opposite joint section is also provided with a recess or depression 32 within which the end of the screw 28 is received.

As has been stated, the device may be employed for connecting rail ends of the ordinary construction, or the said device may be employed for splicing broken rails. In either of these instances, and as illustrated in Fig. 8 of the drawings, the pockets 27 are dispensed with, and the walls 12 are entirely straight throughout their longitudinal length. In such instances means must be provided to prevent the longitudinal move ment of the rail ends, and therefore 1 pro vide the walls 12 of each of the sections with a plurality of oppositely arranged depressions or sockets 32 which register with the bolt openings 33 in the rail webs. Arranged within the sockets and passing through the openings 88 are blind bolts 841, which arrangement has been found thoroughly eftective for the purpose.

From the above description, taken in con *ction with the accompanying drawings, the simplicity and advantages of a rail joint constructed in accordance with my invenhile tion, will, it is thought be perfectly appar ent, and appreciated by those skilled in the art to which such inventions appertain without further detailed description.

Having thus described the invention, what I claim is 1. In a rail joint, rails having stepped co acting ends and their webs enlarged at their ends, and a chair comprising a pair of members having pockets to receive the web enlargenients, and being provided with over lapping tongues, and locking means for the tongues.

2. A connecting member for rail ends in cluding a pair of sections embodying base portions one of which is arranged upon the other, and provided with over-lapping spike receiving projections, the base portions being further provided with spike receiving slotted lugs, the outer edges of the base members having vertical extensions which are each centrally provided with an enlarge ment, the inner faces of the said vertical extensions being grooved at their base por tions to provide rail flange receiving pockets, the upper inner faces of the said vertical extensions being provided with longitudinally extending beads which are adapted to underlie the balls of the rails, and remov able compressing elements for the said vertical portions of the said rail connecting member.

3. A rail joint embodying co-acting angular rail chairs having overlapping base members, and their longitudinal edges con nected, the vertical members of the chairs having their inner faces provided with diametrically oppositely arranged sockets, blind bolts for the sockets and adapted to pass through the bolt openings in the webs of the rails, and yoke members each having one of its arms provided with a stud and its second arm provided with a screw adapted to engage with the opposite faces of the chairs to force the said chairs toward each other.

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

OLIVER O. ROSSON. lVitnesses IV. J. KoERTH, BENNETT S. JoNEs.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents. Washington, D. G.

US72146712A 1912-09-20 1912-09-20 Rail-joint. Expired - Lifetime US1070919A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3458131A (en) * 1967-10-05 1969-07-29 Alan D De Moss Rail clamp
US4381851A (en) * 1981-03-11 1983-05-03 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Track splice

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3458131A (en) * 1967-10-05 1969-07-29 Alan D De Moss Rail clamp
US4381851A (en) * 1981-03-11 1983-05-03 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Track splice

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