US1070773A - Sand-trap. - Google Patents

Sand-trap. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1070773A
US1070773A US1912713165A US1070773A US 1070773 A US1070773 A US 1070773A US 1912713165 A US1912713165 A US 1912713165A US 1070773 A US1070773 A US 1070773A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
sand
trap
bucket
pipe
holes
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Patrick Callahan
Original Assignee
Patrick Callahan
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Patrick Callahan filed Critical Patrick Callahan
Priority to US1912713165 priority Critical patent/US1070773A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1070773A publication Critical patent/US1070773A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F1/00Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D17/00Separation of liquids, not provided for elsewhere, e.g. by thermal diffusion
    • B01D17/02Separation of non-miscible liquids
    • B01D17/04Breaking emulsions
    • B01D17/045Breaking emulsions with coalescers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/0401Gullies for use in roads or pavements
    • E03F5/0404Gullies for use in roads or pavements with a permanent or temporary filtering device; Filtering devices specially adapted therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/4456With liquid valves or liquid trap seals
    • Y10T137/4463Liquid seal in liquid flow line; flow liquid forms seal
    • Y10T137/4553Submerged inlet pipe end

Description

'UNITED enanas PATENT onirica.

PATRICK CALLAIAN, 0F BGSTGN-Y MASSACHUSETTS.

sama-raar.

specification or Letters raient.

Application ed @gaat 3, 1912. Serial No. 713,165.

Patented Aug. 19,1913.

To all 'whom it may concern.'

a citizen ofthe United States, residing at Boston, inthe county of Suffolk and :State of Massachusetts, have-invented certain new. and useful Improvements in Sand-Traps, of:

which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.

in .traps used 1n drain-pipes of buildings and in the drains which lead to thecitysewers; and an object of this invention-is the pro-- vision ina trap of the character referred to of means for allowing the free escape of gasolene vapor and the vapors of like volatile substances, which vapors might otheruse and probably would accumulate in the:

drains and drain-pipes 1n such quantity as ,toforrn with the air and other gases present; therein an explosive mixture. Indeed, thei l yordinances of some cities now 4require that the owners' nand operators of garages and like places shall clean the solene out of the drains', because of Vthe 1i elihood of theI iasolene forming an explosive. mixture asV just described.. By means of the present in-' vention the` necessity for such 'cleaning' (which is very laborious and expensive) is wholly removed.

Another object of this invention is the provision ina trap of the character above mentioned of means for arresting and collecting the sand which is washed into the drainand would otherwise probably accumulate in sucl1 quantity as to choke up the sewer, such traps being particularly useful in garages where a large amount of san' flows away with the water used in washing the automobiles.

A thrtrd object of this invention is to provide va sand-arresting'trap which will be `simple in construction, comparatively cheap in manufacture andfirstcostl of installation and efficient, reliable and,y durable in operation and use. f'

A fourth object vof this, invention is to provide a sand-arresting trap in which lthe Water-seal will be maintained unbroken during all the operations necessary in connection therewith, such as removing the vsand-oollecting pail or the` street-grating with its attached dip-pipe.

A fifth object of this invention is to pro-- i vide a trap which will at one and the same Be A1t known that I,- PAfrmcK CALLAHAN,i

will require ithe services of no -skilled mechanic, such as a plumber, but which will be susceptible of ready operation and cleanmg by the unskilled labor commonly em- This. invention relatesA to improvements' in traps and'particularly to improvements' ployed at garages and like places.

.In the drawings illustrating the prim' ciple yof this invention and the best mode now known to me of applynglthet principle,

Figure 14 tis`- a central vertlcal section through my new "trap and -the waste-pipe leadin therefrom; Fig. 2 is a pla-n view ofmy Inew4 the upper end or mouth ofthe sand-collecting pail e. Near its top the latter is formed with an outwardly-projecting flange or band f which rests, when the pail is in position, upon the inwardly-promoting flange or ledge g which is formed upon the interior of the shell a near the top thereof but below the grating b. The pail e is provided with a suitable bail or handle h and, just below its supporting flange or ring f it is further formed with a horizontal series of overiow holes z'. The inner free (or outlet) end of the dip-piped projects below this series of'holes z' and between the upper portion'of the pail e and the rdip-pipe l there is an air-space or chamber m ,which is infree communication with the outer air through the horizontal seriesA ot holes d formed in the top ofthe dip-pipe d and the holes b i'n the foraminated lid or streetgrating b. This grating rests upon the rim or casing a is fitted c of the pail e and the part of-the lid which forms the top of the chamber m is imperfe-4 rate and, therefore, closes the latter from* above. Vapor of gasolene or other volatile substance which flows into the drain tic will escape bv way of the holes z', (Z and b; if the' vapor rises from the liquid lying between the. pail c aud tile dip-pipe (l, it may promptly est-ape through the holes fl', 12'; while vapor rising from thc liquid within the dip-pipe (l will flow ydirectly upwardly and out through the holes o" inthe lid b. At its-.lwttom the shell orI casing i( is formed with a suitable outlet .7' in which fits the lower cud of a waste-pipe lc, which curves upwardly and extends horizontally away from the shell, as is shown in Fig. l.

The operation of the trap is as follows: rl`he waste-water enters through the holes b in theflid or grating b and is guided by the dip-pipe Z into the-I pail e, which thus receives the sand and other solid matter carried in suspension by the water. Since the discharge end of the dip-pipe projects well below the holes 1I iu the-paill e, the water which flows through the latter holes into the shell a will be free from the sand and other solid matter carried. in suspension, since the latter will settle in the lower part of the pail e. It is to be carefully observed that the sand which settles as a deposit in the pail is not forced therefrom but care is taken to retain the sand therein; that is, the pail or bucket c is a sand-collecting receptacle and the trap is a sand-arresting and sand-separating trap.V To remove the bucket c after it has become filled to the desired extent, it is necessary only to raise the grating Z by pulling upon the slidable handle b2,after which the bucket may be raised by means of its bail l1. and dumped and then replaced. It is to be noted that, when the bucket. is in position, it is so firmly set or fixed in position that it cannot be `inadvertently or accidentally displaced. In these operations of removing, dumping and replacing the bucket e, no skilled labor, such as that of a plumber, is needed; but the ordinary unskilled help commonly employed at garages will be found capable of doing this simple work. It is further to be carefully observed that the sewer-gas is kept out of the building at all times irrespective of whether the bucket be in place' or not; that is, the trap acts as an eliicicnt stench-trap as well as a sand-retaining trap. Why this is will be readily gathered from an iuspec tion of Fig. 1; the sealing water is at all times present and is of sutlicieutly great depth to constitute under all circumstances an eltici mt seal. Any gasolene or like volatile oil carried into the trap with the washwater will ioat upon the surface of the water in the trap and will evaporate and escape as vapor through the holes i, al and b', as hereinbefore explained, whereby the provided with a grating at its top and labor and expense of cleaning out the drains and sewers will bc obviated and the danger of an explosion due to the formation of a combustible mixturevof gasolenc vapor and air in the sewer is avoided. Since only that part of ghe cover b which lies above the dippipe l ,fis foraminated, allfthc water must enter the trap through the latter,.whereby` a-- substantially total separation and collection of the sand in and by the bucket c result/s. The wastc-pipe 7c lies wholly below the level or plane of the overflow holes i in the bucket e, from which it follows that no backflow of the water will take place through these holes and. they are always open for the backtiow orescape of the vapor' -which rises from the volatilehydrocarbon "il floating upon the-liquid in the shell or nox-like casing a.

I claim:

1. A sand collecting trap comprising a shell provided at its top with a perforated cover and an outlet Aat its bottom, a bucket mounted Within said shell and having its brim in close contact with said perforated cover, said bucket being formed with perfoi-ations near it-s'top to permit the How of water into the shell and thetlowlof vapor from the same, and a dip-pipe depending from said cover into the mouth of said bucket and formed with perforations near its upper end for the passage of vapor-.from the upper -part ofthe bucket into the dippipe and thence through the perforations in the cover intothe outer air, the perforations in the cover being all within the upper edge `of the dip-pipe and the remaining portion of the cover being imperforate.

2. A sand collecting trapcomprising a .shell provided at its top with a perforated cover and an outlet at its bottom, a bucket mounted Within said shell and having its brim in close contact with said perforated cover, said bucket being formed with perforations near its top to permit the flow of water into the shell andthe flow of vapor from the same, said bucket being of comparatively great depth and being thereby adapted to separate and retainv sand and other solid matter carried in suspension by the water entering the perforated cover, and

a dip-pipe depending from said cover lnto l the mouth of said bucket and formed with perforations neargije upper end for thepassage of vapor from the upper part of the bucket into the dip-pipe and thence through the perforations in the cover into the outer air` the perforations in the cover being all within the upper edge of the dip-pipe and the remaining portion of the cover being imperforate, and a waste pipe which extends upwardly from said outlet and which lies below the level ofthe perforations in said bucket. v

3. A sand-collecting trap having a shell formed with an outlet yat its bottom and with a flange which projects 'inwardly from its side-wall near the top thereof; a sand-colleetiiig pail which is suiieient-ly deep to separate and retain Sand and other solid mattencarried in suspension by tlie wzilei: entering through said grating' zuid which is formeel near ile uppei' eiifl with :iii out` Wardly-piojecting ange tl at rests upon the first-named flange and with ovei'ow holes below said flanges; e clip-pipe the lower end ofwliioh extends into the mouth of said pail below Said ovelow holes, and a waste- Apipe which extends upvvai'dly from. said out let; and 'which lies Wholly below the level of the holes in said pail.

Signed at Boston, Suffolk county, Mesem cliuset's, this thirty-first day of July, 1912, in the presence of the two undersigned Witmesses.

PATBCK CALLAHN.

lVi'tnesseS:

EDITH V. WVoLFE, JERoME J. FRESTJLNE.

US1912713165 1912-08-03 1912-08-03 Sand-trap. Expired - Lifetime US1070773A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1912713165 US1070773A (en) 1912-08-03 1912-08-03 Sand-trap.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1912713165 US1070773A (en) 1912-08-03 1912-08-03 Sand-trap.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1070773A true US1070773A (en) 1913-08-19

Family

ID=3139009

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1912713165 Expired - Lifetime US1070773A (en) 1912-08-03 1912-08-03 Sand-trap.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1070773A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2432203A (en) * 1945-08-11 1947-12-09 Melvin G Miller Catch basin
US3996138A (en) * 1974-08-02 1976-12-07 Ernest Daidola Marine life protector
US4045346A (en) * 1976-02-24 1977-08-30 Swaskey Henry S Basement sewer trap
US4268390A (en) * 1979-01-02 1981-05-19 Cunningham William T J Storm drain sump filter
US5028320A (en) * 1989-12-04 1991-07-02 Gaudin Carl J Sewer catch basin with gas seal for a petroleum refinery or chemical processing plant
US5284580A (en) * 1992-08-04 1994-02-08 Shyh Shyh Yuan Refuse collecting frame for sewer
US6180006B1 (en) * 1998-02-13 2001-01-30 George R. Whiteman Clarification and solid waste containment system and process
US6793811B1 (en) * 2002-04-10 2004-09-21 Charles R. Fleischmann Runoff drain filter with separately removable cartridges
US20060237362A1 (en) * 2005-04-21 2006-10-26 Weymouth Bret M Wastewater solids strainer apparatus for plumbing drain systems in commercial kitchen facilities
US20070199869A1 (en) * 2006-02-27 2007-08-30 Al-Assfour Faisal A A Ground water collection system
WO2008099182A1 (en) * 2007-03-21 2008-08-21 Barry, Patrick, James Surface water drainage
US20130056399A1 (en) * 2011-09-07 2013-03-07 Richard Tab Downare Storm water filtration Device
US20130264257A1 (en) * 2012-03-28 2013-10-10 Jensen Enterprises, Inc. Dba Jensen Precast Stormwater treatment device
EP2840193A1 (en) * 2013-08-22 2015-02-25 Theo Willmes Road drain and insert for same

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2432203A (en) * 1945-08-11 1947-12-09 Melvin G Miller Catch basin
US3996138A (en) * 1974-08-02 1976-12-07 Ernest Daidola Marine life protector
US4045346A (en) * 1976-02-24 1977-08-30 Swaskey Henry S Basement sewer trap
US4268390A (en) * 1979-01-02 1981-05-19 Cunningham William T J Storm drain sump filter
US5028320A (en) * 1989-12-04 1991-07-02 Gaudin Carl J Sewer catch basin with gas seal for a petroleum refinery or chemical processing plant
US5284580A (en) * 1992-08-04 1994-02-08 Shyh Shyh Yuan Refuse collecting frame for sewer
US6180006B1 (en) * 1998-02-13 2001-01-30 George R. Whiteman Clarification and solid waste containment system and process
US6793811B1 (en) * 2002-04-10 2004-09-21 Charles R. Fleischmann Runoff drain filter with separately removable cartridges
US20060237362A1 (en) * 2005-04-21 2006-10-26 Weymouth Bret M Wastewater solids strainer apparatus for plumbing drain systems in commercial kitchen facilities
US20070199869A1 (en) * 2006-02-27 2007-08-30 Al-Assfour Faisal A A Ground water collection system
US7288188B2 (en) * 2006-02-27 2007-10-30 Faisal Abdul Aziz Al-Assfour Ground water collection system
WO2008099182A1 (en) * 2007-03-21 2008-08-21 Barry, Patrick, James Surface water drainage
US20130056399A1 (en) * 2011-09-07 2013-03-07 Richard Tab Downare Storm water filtration Device
US20130264257A1 (en) * 2012-03-28 2013-10-10 Jensen Enterprises, Inc. Dba Jensen Precast Stormwater treatment device
US9222248B2 (en) * 2012-03-28 2015-12-29 Jensen Enterprises, Inc. Stormwater treatment device
EP2840193A1 (en) * 2013-08-22 2015-02-25 Theo Willmes Road drain and insert for same

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4439323A (en) Method of discharging septic tank filtered effluent
US2263259A (en) Self-cleaning drain head
US2579304A (en) Self-adjusting recirculating overflow
US5198113A (en) Septic system filtering arrangement, filter material and method of using
US6126817A (en) Oil and debris separator
US3169920A (en) Pool service unit
US2505305A (en) Sink strainer and trap
US7540953B2 (en) Integrated below-ground vault with a filtered catch basin
US5062735A (en) Self sealing domed sewer cover assembly
US1159044A (en) Separator-trap.
US7163635B2 (en) Integrated below-ground vault with a filtered catch basin
US2102310A (en) Construction of sewers and sewer basins and receptacles for use in sewer basins
US8646117B2 (en) Anti-siphon trap with snorkel
US809201A (en) Receiving-basin.
JP2006144504A (en) Filtration device of flow-down rain water and rain water storage device using the same
DK144921B (en) Reverse and odor preventing closes for liquids
US1686415A (en) Trap for drains and sewers
US1310055A (en) Planooraph co
US2846073A (en) Liquid separation decanter
US122209A (en) Improvement in sewer-traps and catch-basins
US664945A (en) Sink.
US587559A (en) James riley
US4700412A (en) Universal trap
US2095024A (en) Floor drain
US1120351A (en) Septic tank for sewage-disposal.