US1069756A - Railway-rail fastening. - Google Patents

Railway-rail fastening. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1069756A
US1069756A US73928212A US1912739282A US1069756A US 1069756 A US1069756 A US 1069756A US 73928212 A US73928212 A US 73928212A US 1912739282 A US1912739282 A US 1912739282A US 1069756 A US1069756 A US 1069756A
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Prior art keywords
rail
plate
railway
tie
plates
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Expired - Lifetime
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US73928212A
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Charles H Batson
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Charles H Batson
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Priority to US73928212A priority Critical patent/US1069756A/en
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Publication of US1069756A publication Critical patent/US1069756A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B9/00Fastening rails on sleepers, or the like
    • E01B9/38Indirect fastening of rails by using tie-plates or chairs; Fastening of rails on the tie-plates or in the chairs
    • E01B9/40Tie-plates for flat-bottom rails
    • E01B9/42Tie-plates for flat-bottom rails of two or more parts

Description

G. H. BATSON.

RAILWAY RAIL FASTENING.

APPLICATION FILED DEC. 30, 1912.

1,069,756, Patented Aug. 12, 1913.

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5 FISH-4- FIG-2 WITNESSES: INVENTOR.

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CHARLES H. BATSON, OF COLUMBUS, OHIO.

RAILWAY-RAIL FASTENING.

Application filed December 30, 1912.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, CHARLES H. BATSON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Columbus, in the county of Franklin and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Railway Rail F astenings, of which the following is a specification.

The present invention relates to improvements in railway rail fastenings and em bodies a combined tie-plate and anti-creeping device to prevent movement of the rail.

The creeping of rails on railway tracks, due to the passage of trains, is one of the problems in railroad maintenance that has received considerable attention, but so far as I am aware, a device to prevent this movement of rails, particularly noticeable and dangerous on double-track roads where the traffic is always in the same direction over a track, has never been produced, to perform the function satisfactorily.

The object of my invention is the provision of a device by means of which the rail may be fastened to the tie in such mannor that the danger of creeping of the rail is completely eliminated.

The invention consists in so combining and arranging a two-part clamping plate, to secure the base of the rail to the plate so that movement of the rail is prevented, together with means for anchoring the plate to the tie, upon which it rests.

In the accompanying drawings I have illustrated one complete example of the physical embodiment of my invention constructed according to the best mode I have so far devised for the practical application of the principles of the invention.

Figure 1 is a side elevation of one embodiment of invention, showing the rail in section, as used with a wood cross tie. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the device of Fig. 1, detached. Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the device showing relative position of parts before being pressed home to clamping position. Fig. 4 is a similar section, but with the parts in natural, clamped position. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the two members of the fastening plate, and Fig. 6 is a similar view of the other member of the fastening plate.

In the preferred embodiment of the invention as shown in the drawings I employ two interfitting members as 1 and 2. These Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. 12,1913.

Serial No. 739,282.

are both metallic plates of similar thickness, and the plate 1 is slotted or cut away at 3 and formed with a beveled end wall a, to accommodate the plate 2. The plate 2 is of a size to neatly fit in the slot of the plate 1 and is formed with a complementary beveled end 5. The plates are formed with integral oppositely arranged lugs, as 1 1 and 2, and are perforated at 6 to receive the spikes 7 while the plate 1 may be provided with points 8 on its underside for securing a firm or stable seating on wood ties while the plate is being placed in position, as will be explained.

The relative position of parts is clearly shown in the invention as illustrated in the drawings. The rail rests fiat upon the plates 1 and 2, and the retaining or clamping lugs project over the base of the rail. The plates are secured to the wood tie by the spikes as usual.

In laying a track according to my inven tion it is preferable to put down the rail with the plates hanging thereto as shown in Fig. 3, it being understood that the plates are loose and supported from the rail base by the retaining lugs or clamps. WVith the rail in position shown in Fig. 3 and the plates resting upon the upper surface of the tie, the plate 1 is tentatively spiked to the tie, that is, the spikes are only partly driven into the tie. With the plates in position shown in Fig. 3 a load, such as a locomotive or train, is passed over the rail. The pressure from the passing load forces down the plate 2 which has heretofore supported the rail, and the plate is borne down, with the surfaces 4E and 5 in frictional contact. The contact of these faces draws the retaining lugs at opposite sides of the rail toward each other with the result that the lugs are clamped over the base of the rail and the rail is held rigidly between the lugs. The plate 2 is then spiked to the tie, and the spikes of plate 1 are driven home. In this position the rail is so closely held and clamped that any movement in the nature of creeping is prevented.

One of the particularly meritorious features of my invention is the automatic action of the clamping devices. Should the plate 2 by any mischance become loosened, the clamping action is still present, as the clamping action increases with the passing weight, and the presence of a weight on the rail at this point insures a clamping action on the rail when most needed, 1'. a. at the time the train is passing.

Having thus fully described my invention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is The combination in a railway rail fastening with a rail and tie, of a plate having an open end slot forming bars each having a retaining lug thereon and the closed end wall of said slot being beveled, an interfitting plate having a complementary lug, and a beveled end to engage the end wall of said slot, whereby pressure on the rail tends to draw said plates together to clamp the rail 15 as described.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witneses.

CHARLES H. BATSON. lVitnesses J. R. CARTER, C. F. GRASHEL.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the.-/ Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.

US73928212A 1912-12-30 1912-12-30 Railway-rail fastening. Expired - Lifetime US1069756A (en)

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US73928212A US1069756A (en) 1912-12-30 1912-12-30 Railway-rail fastening.

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US73928212A US1069756A (en) 1912-12-30 1912-12-30 Railway-rail fastening.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5078319A (en) * 1987-12-03 1992-01-07 Kerr-Mcgee Chemical Corporation Rail-tie fastening systems
US5165599A (en) * 1987-12-03 1992-11-24 Kerr-Mcgee Chemical Corporation Rail-tie fastening systems
US5288016A (en) * 1992-12-28 1994-02-22 Kerr-Mcgee Chemical Corporation Rail-tie fastening assembly with rocking bearing seat

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5078319A (en) * 1987-12-03 1992-01-07 Kerr-Mcgee Chemical Corporation Rail-tie fastening systems
US5165599A (en) * 1987-12-03 1992-11-24 Kerr-Mcgee Chemical Corporation Rail-tie fastening systems
US5288016A (en) * 1992-12-28 1994-02-22 Kerr-Mcgee Chemical Corporation Rail-tie fastening assembly with rocking bearing seat

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