US1061578A - Push-button switch. - Google Patents

Push-button switch. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1061578A
US1061578A US1912686199A US1061578A US 1061578 A US1061578 A US 1061578A US 1912686199 A US1912686199 A US 1912686199A US 1061578 A US1061578 A US 1061578A
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Prior art keywords
axle
push
button
drum
button switch
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Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Heinrich Wischhusen
Alexander Hepke
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Heinrich Wischhusen
Alexander Hepke
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H13/00Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch
    • H01H13/50Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a single operating member
    • H01H13/56Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a single operating member the contact returning to its original state upon the next application of operating force
    • H01H13/58Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a single operating member the contact returning to its original state upon the next application of operating force with contact-driving member rotated step-wise in one direction
    • H01H13/585Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a single operating member the contact returning to its original state upon the next application of operating force with contact-driving member rotated step-wise in one direction wherein the movable contact rotates around the axis of the push button

Description

HEINRICH \3ISt.2HEl'.`l.l'SEE` AND ,ALEXNIDEB HEPKE, UF BERLIN, GERMANY.

PUSH-:EUTTGN SWITCH.

To all whom t may concerny Be it known that we, Hamelen lVIsoii- HUSEN and ALEXANDER Harlin, citizens of the Empire of Germany, and residing at Berlin, Germany, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Push-Button- Switches, of which the following is a specification. y

Our invention relates to press-buttoi switches and a primary object is to provit e a simple switch of this type.

1n press-button switches known heretofore comprising rotating contact-pieces two meinbers have been provided for returning the press-button into its initial position and for giving the rotatoi'y movement to the movable contact-pieces. According to our invention we employ for these two purposes only one single spiral spring which is subjected both to compressive and to torsional strain.

One illustrative embodiment of our invention is represented by Way of example in vertical section in the accompanying draw` liteferring to the drawing, the central hole in the cover e of insulating material is ro vided with a spiral groove d in whicli is guided the upper,1 radially bent end b of the spiral spring a. The lower radially bent end c of the spiral spring,r a bears against one of the ratchet teeth on the crown wheel i fast on the switch-drum i. This drum is fast on the axle a and'carries the electrically conducting contact-ai'msm and n which in the on position connect to ether the two connectiomcontacts o and p or the wires q and r, and thus close the circuit. The axle c is journaled in a recess inthe base f and is guided at its upper end in a bore in the ress-buttonl g, which is able to move up and own in the central hole in the cover. The upward motion of the press-button g is lim ited by f. stov not shown in the drawing.

Any suite le known device may be used for arresting the `drain i in the' on" and voti positions. In the illustrative embodiment a square block c is fast on the lower end of the axle, and is located between the two Het springs l. When the axle e carrying the drurn 1s rotated the square block k' is driven forward by the action of the springs Z as soon as it has moved more than 45", and after rotating 90 from its normal position is arrested between the springs Z.

Now when the prese-button g' is depressed,

Specification o! Letters Patent.

Application flied March 25, 1812. Serial No. 666,199.

Patented May 13, MM 3.

the pressure is transmitted to the spiral spring a which is compressed in the axial di reetion. When thisvspring is depressed its upper radially lient end b which is guided in the n'roove d is simultaneously driven cir cum erontially, the result boing that the spring is subjected to torsional strain. The )torsion is increased by the continued downwai-d iiiotion of the pressbutton (l, until the spying at last overcomes ooth the friction at the contact-pieccs m, n and the tension of the springs Z, and the drum z' flies over into the next stopping position. The torsion of the spring a is hereby partly relieved. The remaining torsion apart from the initial tor sion which is always present, is used for placing the lower end c of the spring behind the next ratchet tooth to the rear on the crown wheel, rlfhe press-button g is simultaneously forced back by the axial pressure of the spiral spring d. W'e claimrd 1. In a push button switch the combination of a base plate, -a covei provided with an inner spiral groove, an axle journaled in said base plate, a drum secured to said aide, a push button movable down and up along said axle, a spiral spring arranged about the axle and havinnr one end adapted to rotate said drum anc the other guided in said spiral groove when said spring' ispoinpressed by the push button.

Q. In a press-button switch, the combination of a base-plate, a cover having a central hole mounted thereon, said hole having a spiral groove, an axle 'ournaled in the base and extending into said hole, a drum fast on the axle under the cover, a pressdiutton n1ovable down and up in said hole, a spiral spring arranged about the axle in said holo and having one end adapted to rotate said drum, the other erid of said spring being guided in said groove.

3. In a pi'ess-biiti.on switch, the combination of a base-plate, a cover having a central hole mounted thereon, said hole havinga spiral groove,an axle ournaled in't'ne base and extending into sait hole, a drum fast on #the axle under thc cover, a crown wheel rig- Ll. in a press-button switch, thocombina l I I A. 1,061,575

tion of a buse-plate, a cover `having a central hole mounted thereon, said hole having a spiral groove, an axle journaled in the base and extending into said holeI a drum fast on the axle under-the cover, a tra-own Wheel having four ratchet teeth rgidl connected with the drum, a; press-button mfable clown and up in said hole7 a spiral spring arranged about the axle in said hole and having one enrl normally resting behind one tooth of the crown Wheel`- the other end of said spring bengguided in said groove,'a square block fast on the axle, and tWoleaf springs normally bearing against opposite faces of the block. 15

ln testimony whereof, we ax our signatures in the presence of two witnesses.

4HEINRICH WS'SCHHUSEN.

ALEXANDER HEPKE.

Witnesses: e

HENRY HASPER, VVOLDEMAR HAUPT.

US1061578A 1912-03-25 1912-03-25 Push-button switch. Expired - Lifetime US1061578A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1061578A US1061578A (en) 1912-03-25 1912-03-25 Push-button switch.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1061578A US1061578A (en) 1912-03-25 1912-03-25 Push-button switch.

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Publication Number Publication Date
US1061578A true US1061578A (en) 1913-05-13

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US1061578A Expired - Lifetime US1061578A (en) 1912-03-25 1912-03-25 Push-button switch.

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Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2948792A (en) * 1958-09-15 1960-08-09 Gen Motors Corp Circuit controller
US20030076301A1 (en) * 2001-10-22 2003-04-24 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for accelerated scrolling
US20050052425A1 (en) * 2003-08-18 2005-03-10 Zadesky Stephen Paul Movable touch pad with added functionality
US20070013671A1 (en) * 2001-10-22 2007-01-18 Apple Computer, Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US20070052044A1 (en) * 2005-09-06 2007-03-08 Larry Forsblad Scrolling input arrangements using capacitive sensors on a flexible membrane
US20070083822A1 (en) * 2001-10-22 2007-04-12 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for use of rotational user inputs
US20070242057A1 (en) * 2002-02-25 2007-10-18 Apple Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US7495659B2 (en) 2003-11-25 2009-02-24 Apple Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US20100060568A1 (en) * 2008-09-05 2010-03-11 Apple Inc. Curved surface input device with normalized capacitive sensing
US7795553B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2010-09-14 Apple Inc. Hybrid button
US7880729B2 (en) 2005-10-11 2011-02-01 Apple Inc. Center button isolation ring
US7910843B2 (en) 2007-09-04 2011-03-22 Apple Inc. Compact input device
US7932897B2 (en) 2004-08-16 2011-04-26 Apple Inc. Method of increasing the spatial resolution of touch sensitive devices
US8022935B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2011-09-20 Apple Inc. Capacitance sensing electrode with integrated I/O mechanism
USRE42738E1 (en) 1997-10-28 2011-09-27 Apple Inc. Portable computers
US8059099B2 (en) 2006-06-02 2011-11-15 Apple Inc. Techniques for interactive input to portable electronic devices
US8125461B2 (en) 2008-01-11 2012-02-28 Apple Inc. Dynamic input graphic display
US8274479B2 (en) 2006-10-11 2012-09-25 Apple Inc. Gimballed scroll wheel
US8395590B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2013-03-12 Apple Inc. Integrated contact switch and touch sensor elements
US8416198B2 (en) 2007-12-03 2013-04-09 Apple Inc. Multi-dimensional scroll wheel
US8482530B2 (en) 2006-11-13 2013-07-09 Apple Inc. Method of capacitively sensing finger position
US8514185B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2013-08-20 Apple Inc. Mutual capacitance touch sensing device
US8537132B2 (en) 2005-12-30 2013-09-17 Apple Inc. Illuminated touchpad
US8683378B2 (en) 2007-09-04 2014-03-25 Apple Inc. Scrolling techniques for user interfaces
US8743060B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2014-06-03 Apple Inc. Mutual capacitance touch sensing device
US8816967B2 (en) 2008-09-25 2014-08-26 Apple Inc. Capacitive sensor having electrodes arranged on the substrate and the flex circuit
US8820133B2 (en) 2008-02-01 2014-09-02 Apple Inc. Co-extruded materials and methods
US8872771B2 (en) 2009-07-07 2014-10-28 Apple Inc. Touch sensing device having conductive nodes
US9354751B2 (en) 2009-05-15 2016-05-31 Apple Inc. Input device with optimized capacitive sensing
US9367151B2 (en) 2005-12-30 2016-06-14 Apple Inc. Touch pad with symbols based on mode
US9454256B2 (en) 2008-03-14 2016-09-27 Apple Inc. Sensor configurations of an input device that are switchable based on mode
US9654104B2 (en) 2007-07-17 2017-05-16 Apple Inc. Resistive force sensor with capacitive discrimination

Cited By (59)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2948792A (en) * 1958-09-15 1960-08-09 Gen Motors Corp Circuit controller
USRE46548E1 (en) 1997-10-28 2017-09-12 Apple Inc. Portable computers
USRE44103E1 (en) 1997-10-28 2013-03-26 Apple Inc. Portable computers
USRE42738E1 (en) 1997-10-28 2011-09-27 Apple Inc. Portable computers
USRE44855E1 (en) 1997-10-28 2014-04-22 Apple Inc. Multi-functional cellular telephone
USRE45559E1 (en) 1997-10-28 2015-06-09 Apple Inc. Portable computers
US7710393B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2010-05-04 Apple Inc. Method and apparatus for accelerated scrolling
US20070083822A1 (en) * 2001-10-22 2007-04-12 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for use of rotational user inputs
US20070080936A1 (en) * 2001-10-22 2007-04-12 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for accelerated scrolling
US7312785B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2007-12-25 Apple Inc. Method and apparatus for accelerated scrolling
US8952886B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2015-02-10 Apple Inc. Method and apparatus for accelerated scrolling
US7345671B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2008-03-18 Apple Inc. Method and apparatus for use of rotational user inputs
US20070013671A1 (en) * 2001-10-22 2007-01-18 Apple Computer, Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US9977518B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2018-05-22 Apple Inc. Scrolling based on rotational movement
US7710394B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2010-05-04 Apple Inc. Method and apparatus for use of rotational user inputs
US9009626B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2015-04-14 Apple Inc. Method and apparatus for accelerated scrolling
US20030076301A1 (en) * 2001-10-22 2003-04-24 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for accelerated scrolling
US7710409B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2010-05-04 Apple Inc. Method and apparatus for use of rotational user inputs
US7348967B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2008-03-25 Apple Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US20070080938A1 (en) * 2001-10-22 2007-04-12 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for use of rotational user inputs
US20070242057A1 (en) * 2002-02-25 2007-10-18 Apple Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US7333092B2 (en) 2002-02-25 2008-02-19 Apple Computer, Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US8446370B2 (en) 2002-02-25 2013-05-21 Apple Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US7499040B2 (en) 2003-08-18 2009-03-03 Apple Inc. Movable touch pad with added functionality
US20050052425A1 (en) * 2003-08-18 2005-03-10 Zadesky Stephen Paul Movable touch pad with added functionality
US8749493B2 (en) 2003-08-18 2014-06-10 Apple Inc. Movable touch pad with added functionality
US8933890B2 (en) 2003-11-25 2015-01-13 Apple Inc. Techniques for interactive input to portable electronic devices
US8552990B2 (en) 2003-11-25 2013-10-08 Apple Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US7495659B2 (en) 2003-11-25 2009-02-24 Apple Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US7932897B2 (en) 2004-08-16 2011-04-26 Apple Inc. Method of increasing the spatial resolution of touch sensitive devices
US7671837B2 (en) 2005-09-06 2010-03-02 Apple Inc. Scrolling input arrangements using capacitive sensors on a flexible membrane
US20070052044A1 (en) * 2005-09-06 2007-03-08 Larry Forsblad Scrolling input arrangements using capacitive sensors on a flexible membrane
US7880729B2 (en) 2005-10-11 2011-02-01 Apple Inc. Center button isolation ring
US9367151B2 (en) 2005-12-30 2016-06-14 Apple Inc. Touch pad with symbols based on mode
US8537132B2 (en) 2005-12-30 2013-09-17 Apple Inc. Illuminated touchpad
US8059099B2 (en) 2006-06-02 2011-11-15 Apple Inc. Techniques for interactive input to portable electronic devices
US8514185B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2013-08-20 Apple Inc. Mutual capacitance touch sensing device
US8743060B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2014-06-03 Apple Inc. Mutual capacitance touch sensing device
US9360967B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2016-06-07 Apple Inc. Mutual capacitance touch sensing device
US8022935B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2011-09-20 Apple Inc. Capacitance sensing electrode with integrated I/O mechanism
US9405421B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2016-08-02 Apple Inc. Mutual capacitance touch sensing device
US7795553B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2010-09-14 Apple Inc. Hybrid button
US8044314B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2011-10-25 Apple Inc. Hybrid button
US8274479B2 (en) 2006-10-11 2012-09-25 Apple Inc. Gimballed scroll wheel
US8482530B2 (en) 2006-11-13 2013-07-09 Apple Inc. Method of capacitively sensing finger position
US9654104B2 (en) 2007-07-17 2017-05-16 Apple Inc. Resistive force sensor with capacitive discrimination
US8683378B2 (en) 2007-09-04 2014-03-25 Apple Inc. Scrolling techniques for user interfaces
US7910843B2 (en) 2007-09-04 2011-03-22 Apple Inc. Compact input device
US8330061B2 (en) 2007-09-04 2012-12-11 Apple Inc. Compact input device
US8866780B2 (en) 2007-12-03 2014-10-21 Apple Inc. Multi-dimensional scroll wheel
US8416198B2 (en) 2007-12-03 2013-04-09 Apple Inc. Multi-dimensional scroll wheel
US8125461B2 (en) 2008-01-11 2012-02-28 Apple Inc. Dynamic input graphic display
US8820133B2 (en) 2008-02-01 2014-09-02 Apple Inc. Co-extruded materials and methods
US9454256B2 (en) 2008-03-14 2016-09-27 Apple Inc. Sensor configurations of an input device that are switchable based on mode
US20100060568A1 (en) * 2008-09-05 2010-03-11 Apple Inc. Curved surface input device with normalized capacitive sensing
US8816967B2 (en) 2008-09-25 2014-08-26 Apple Inc. Capacitive sensor having electrodes arranged on the substrate and the flex circuit
US8395590B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2013-03-12 Apple Inc. Integrated contact switch and touch sensor elements
US9354751B2 (en) 2009-05-15 2016-05-31 Apple Inc. Input device with optimized capacitive sensing
US8872771B2 (en) 2009-07-07 2014-10-28 Apple Inc. Touch sensing device having conductive nodes

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