US10535A - Improvement in fire-arms - Google Patents

Improvement in fire-arms Download PDF

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Publication number
US10535A
US10535A US10535DA US10535A US 10535 A US10535 A US 10535A US 10535D A US10535D A US 10535DA US 10535 A US10535 A US 10535A
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Prior art keywords
slide
barrel
cartridge
carrier
piston
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/01Feeding of unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/06Feeding of unbelted ammunition using cyclically moving conveyors, i.e. conveyors having ammunition pusher or carrier elements which are emptied or disengaged from the ammunition during the return stroke
    • F41A9/09Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines
    • F41A9/10Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging
    • F41A9/13Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane
    • F41A9/16Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane which is parallel to the barrel axis
    • F41A9/17Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane which is parallel to the barrel axis mounted within a smallarm
    • F41A9/18Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane which is parallel to the barrel axis mounted within a smallarm feeding from a tubular magazine under the barrel

Description

. 2 Sheets Sheet 1 H. SMITH & D. B. WESSON.

ARM

MAGAZINE FIRE No. 10,535. Patentedf'eb. 14, 1854.

H, SM & D B SON 2Sheets8heet2,

MAGAZINE FIREARM.

No. 10,535. Patented Feb. 14, 1854.

I'M- as! mr. ubmus PETERS comum'mumm. WASEUNGTON, o c

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE;

H. SMITH AND DANIEL B. WESSON, OF NORWICH, CONNECTICUT.

IMPROVEMENT |N FIRE-ARMS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 10,535, dated February 14, 1854.

To all 'whom'it may concern:

Be ,it known that we, HORACE SMITH and DANIEL B. \VEssoN, of Norwich, in the county of New London and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Guns, listols, or Firc Arms; and we do hereby declare that the same is fully described and represented in the following specification and the accompanying drawings, letters, fig ures, and references thereof.

Of the said drawings, Figurel denotes a top view, Fig. 2 a side view, and Fig. 3 a vertical and central section, of one of our improved fire-arms or pistols. Fig. 4 is a side view of the kind of cartridge to be used therein, it being the same as is'used in that species of pistols usually termed the Saloon pistol, .it being, as we believe, a French invention. This cartridge has its case of thin copper, and with a proiecting bottom that contains the percussion-powder, the ball being inserted in the other end or top of the case.

In the drawings above referred to, A denotes the barrel of the piece, and B the stock or 1001;- case. Underneath the barrel is a long tube, C, that serves -as a magazine for carrying the cartridges. This magazine and the barrel have at theiiflrear ends a carrier or slide-block, D, whose ofiicc is to receive a cartridge from the magazine and transfer it or raise it up into line with the barrel. For this purpose the said carrier is caused to slide up and down within. a chamber, E, and to be moved by a lever, F,. that plays or turns on a fulcrum, a, with the trigger-guard G, which is also a lever, and made to turn on the same pin a. A piston-slide, H, is also employed to force the can tridge out of the carrier (when the latter is raised to its highest position) and into the barrel. The cartridges are placed one after the other in the magazine, and are pressed toward the carrier by means of ahelical spring,

I, that bears against a' cylindric slider, K,from

which a screw-pin, b, projects and extends into and through a long slot, 0, that is made lengthwise in the magazine, and opens into another and short slot, (1, that is cut through a spring chamber or tube, L, which is so applied to the barrel by means of a clasping-tnbe, M, as to be capable of being turned laterally entirely out of line with the magazine, so as to permit the latter to be supplied with cartridges whenever necessary. The slotdof the spring-chamber is turned at its upper end a short distance at right angles to its main part. Thence it is turned down a short distance parallel to such main part, the whole beingas represent d in Fig. 5, and for the purpose of confining the spring within the chamber in a contracted state. By

applying the finger to the head of the screw 7) and pushing the slider K toward the spring I, we can crowd the spring entirely into the chamber L, and so as to carry the screw 1) to the upper part of the slot (1. When this is the case, if we press the screw laterally into the bent part of the groove, the-spring maybe preserved in place in the chamber while such chamber is turned out of line with the magaslide H and the lock or stock frame. They are moved up and down by an arm, k, projecting upward from the trigger-guard, and provided with one or more studs to enter and slide in a slot, -i,formed through or aflixed to the back toggle.

When the toggles are brought into a straight line with each other, the piston-slide H is moved hard up against the rear end of the cartridge, and serves as a breech to the barrel.

Fig. 9 denotes a top view of the pistonslide H. Fig. 10 is a horizontal and central section of it. The front end of the said slide is formed with dovetail projections or a recess, a,-which flares or is made wider as it descends, as seen at M. Thisdovetail or re cess is for the purpose of withdrawing from the b: rrel, after a discharge, the metal of the cartridge. The forward pressure of the piston-slide and the blow of the hammer against it force the metal of the cartridge into the recess or dovetail of the piston-slide, and so as to cause it (the slide) to grasp it (the cartridge) with sufiicientpower to enable it to be drawn out of the barrel when the piston-slide is next retracted. Having withdrawn the cartridge from the barrel and over the carrier, projections (1. 10 (see Figs. 1, 3, and 6) on the carrier are forced in contact with it (the car tridge) by and during the next upward movement of the carrier, and expel it from the piece or fire-arm.

The cock or percussion-hammer is arranged in rear of the piston and breech-slide H, and

turns on a'piuflt, and is made to strike directly against the rear end of the slide H,.and to inflame the priming by the concussion produced by its percussion or blow on such end. The

trigger is shown at P and the mainspring at Q. This cook or percussion-hammer is also so arranged that it shall be elevated or set to full-cock by the back-pressure on it of the slide H, induced by the toggles and the trigger-guard, when thelatter is moved away from the stock. Thus the trigger-guard, when so moved, is madeto simultaneously cause the hammer to be cocked, the piston-slide to be #forced back, and the carrier to be elevated.

The carrier-lever is elevated by the lower arm of the trigger-guard lever, and depressed by the upper arm thereof, the said carrier-lever being so shaped, as -seen in Figs. 7 and 8,

(which are side and top views of it,) and ap- Y plied to the trigger'guard lever as to enable slide to force the cartridge out of the carrier and into the barrel; nor do we claim the employment of a piston-slide, H, as a breech to the barrel, nor the firing by concussion instead of percussion, nor do we claim the improvement of making or applying the pecussionhanimerso as to strike on the rear end of such piston-slide, (instead of directly against the cartridge or its priming,) and so that the priming at the front end of the slide shall be exploded by concussion produced by the percussion or blow of the hammer on the other end of it, as hereinbefore specified but \Ve do claiml. The arrangement and application of the percussion-hammer, with respect to the breechslide H and the trigger-guard lever, so that the hammer may be moved and set to full-cock by the pressure or back action of the slide induced by the action of the trigger-guard lever, as specified.

2. We also claim the improvement of making the front end of the piston-slide with a dovetailed recess, a, or its equivalent, for the purpose of enabling the slide to seize the metal of the cartridge, as above explained, and'so that the refuse metal or cartridge in ay be withdrawn from the barrel by the piston-slide when next retracted, and discharged by the upward movement of the carrier, all substantially as specified.

In testimonywhereof we have hereto set our signatures this 24th day of May, A, D. 1853. HORACE SMITH.

DANIEL B. WESSON;

Witnesses:

H; H. STARKWEATHER,

E. S. GRUTTEND N.

US10535A Improvement in fire-arms Expired - Lifetime US10535A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997025580A1 (en) 1996-01-04 1997-07-17 Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc. Hammer cocking and bolt locking system for lever operating firearm

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997025580A1 (en) 1996-01-04 1997-07-17 Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc. Hammer cocking and bolt locking system for lever operating firearm
US5758444A (en) * 1996-01-04 1998-06-02 Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc. Hammer cocking bolt locking system for lever operating firearm

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