US1045523A - Drawer-slide. - Google Patents

Drawer-slide. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1045523A
US1045523A US61874611A US1911618746A US1045523A US 1045523 A US1045523 A US 1045523A US 61874611 A US61874611 A US 61874611A US 1911618746 A US1911618746 A US 1911618746A US 1045523 A US1045523 A US 1045523A
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United States
Prior art keywords
drawer
track
slide
casing
grooves
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US61874611A
Inventor
Myron Cossey
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RELIANCE BALL BEARING DOOR HANGER CO
Original Assignee
RELIANCE BALL BEARING DOOR HANGER CO
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Publication date
Application filed by RELIANCE BALL BEARING DOOR HANGER CO filed Critical RELIANCE BALL BEARING DOOR HANGER CO
Priority to US61874611A priority Critical patent/US1045523A/en
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Publication of US1045523A publication Critical patent/US1045523A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B88/00Drawers for tables, cabinets or like furniture; Guides for drawers
    • A47B88/40Sliding drawers; Slides or guides therefor
    • A47B88/49Sliding drawers; Slides or guides therefor with double extensible guides or parts
    • A47B88/493Sliding drawers; Slides or guides therefor with double extensible guides or parts with rollers, ball bearings, wheels, or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/35Panel hangers, travelers and/or tracks
    • Y10T16/356Ball

Description

M. GOSSEY.
DRAWER SLIDE.
APPLIUATION FILED Arms, 1911.
1,045,523, Patented Nov. 26, 1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1. f v 4/ M. COSSEY. DRAWER SLIDE.
APPLICATION FILED APR.3, 1911.
Patented Nov. 26, 1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2. i
MYnoN cossnY, or BROOKLYN, NEW Yonx, AssIciNoa To -nELIANcE BALL BEARING noon HANGER co., or NEW Yonx, N. Y., .a conronArIoN or New Yoan.-
- Specification of Letters Patent.
Application led April 3, 1911. Serial No. 618,746.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, MYRON Cossnr, a citizen of the United States, and resident of the borough of Brooklyn, county vof Kings, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Drawer-Slides, of which the following is a specification. Y
It has been my purpose to improve t-he construction of the means used for guiding and supporting drawers and similar devices so that they may easily and accurately slide into place.
One of the objects of the invention is to provide a drawer with anti-friction sliding means which .will permit perfectly free movement longitudinally, but which will prevent movement in other directions which mi ht result in binding.
other object has been to produce the anti-friction slide in such form that it can be easily and cheaply made in light form but of sucient strength to stand the strains of practical use.
The novel features of the invention will be apparent from the following description,
taken in connection with the accompanying drawings. v
In the drawings Figure 1 is a cross section of avportion of the drawer and casing having the preferred form of my drawer slide applied thereto; Fig. 2 is a detail perspective view of the ball spacing and retaining means; Fig. 3 is a side view of a portion of the slide; Fig. 4 is a side view of the drawer and casing having my preferred form applied thereto, the drawer being pulled open; Fig. 5 is an end view of the preferred form of my slide showing the limiting stops; and Fig. 6 is a side view of t-he track members showing the limiting stops in operation. Fig. 7 is a sectionalview of a i modified arrangement of the slide.
In Fig. l I have shown a casingf 1, which vma be a deskor similar article of furniture,
which is provided with an ordinary drawer 2. These parts are usually made of wood and the side wall of the drawer is spaced from the corresponding side wall of the casing sufficiently to receive my improved slide. In the preferred form, my slide is made up of two .track members formed from sheet metal, preferably'drawn steel. As will be Seen by reference to Fig. 1, the track member 3 is .made substantially U-shaped in cross sectlon and it extends longitudinally of the drawer casing at the side from thc- The free edges of the movable track are Patented Nov. 2e, 1912.-
bent or rolled outwardly so as to leave inwardly, facing groovesv 8 and 9 which register with the grooves 5 and 6. The outward bends leave shoulders 10 and 11 on the interior of the movable tracks 7, and a mov- -able ball retainer 12 preferably made of steel fits loosely between the 'shoulders 10 and 11 and slides freely longitudinally within the movable track 7. This retainer is also U-shaped in cross section fitting over 'and embracing the fixed track 3 loosely, and
rovided with holes 13, Fig. 3 to receive the alls 14 moving in the registering grooves of the two tracks. This retainer serves to properly space the balls and to hold them in position, and it will be understood that it moves along the track with the balls. At the ends of the fixed track 3, I place the strengthening filler blocks 15, these blocks fitting between the sideflanges and being held in place by t-he screws 16. A pin 17 projects from the face of this blockalmost to the rear wall of the movable track 7 standing in the path of the spacer 12. This pin 17 may be in the form of a screw passed through the fixed track 3, and the block 15. At each end of the movable track 7 a pin 18 is placed 'projecting inward in the path of the retainer 12. These pins 17 and 18 serve as stops to limit the movementof the track 7 onthe track 3, because when the pin 17 at the front end of the fixed track 3 is struck by the retainer 12, it will prevent any further forward movement of that retainer and its balls and when the -pin 18, Fig. 6,
-at the rear end of the movable track 7 Vstrikes the other-end of the retainer 12 the movable track'7 cannot move outward ,any
farther. While I have shown the slide only on one side of the dra-wer it will be understood that a duplicate of this is used on the other side of the drawer, and it will be observed by reference to Fig. 1 that the drawer is supported from the slide by means of a longitudinal strip 19 which may be made of wood held in place by the screws 20. This strip or rail simply rests by gravity on top of the straight upper surface of the movable track 7 and the frictional engagement makes t-he movable track move forward when the drawer is pulled out, but it will be observed that when the track has moved its full limit, and the stops come into operation, it is still possible to move the drawer making the strip or rail 19 slide on the movable track 7, and thus the drawer can be entirely removed from the casing leaving the anti-friction drawer slides 'still in position in the casing. The drawer preferably lits closely against the inner straight vertical face of the movable track 7 so that movement is longitudinal.
vent binding and will make the drawer there will be no play or lost motionand the connection betweenthe movable track and fixed track is such that the only relative This will premove easily and smoothly into either open or closed position.
It will be observed that the form of slide shown in Fig. 1 can be easily and cheaply made of drawn steel which will be \com paratively light and which will at the same time have the requisite strength to stand'all the strains of practical use, and it willl further be observed that by the construction described the drawer will work easily on the anti-friction bearings yunder V all ordinary operations and that the drawer can be absolutely removed from the casing without disi turbing in any way the anti-friction slide.
In Fig. 7 I have shownV a modified arrangement in which the parts occupy different relative positions but the structure of the two sliding members and the structure of the ball retainers correspond with that described in connection with Fig. 1. In this modified form the outer slide 21 of sheet metal is secured to the casing 1 by screws 22 and the inner slide member 23 is placed with the open side of the U-shaped cross section facing in the same direction as the member 21 so as to form practically a slot in which slidably and loosely lits the strip 24 secured to the drawer 2. In this instance the drawer is supported through the strip 24 vfrom the member 23 and it is in turn'supported by the balls .from the fixed member 21 and it will be understood that the strip 24 can slide out beyond the end of the member '23 so that the drawer can be entirely removed just as in the structure shown in Fig. 1.
While I have disclosed avpreferred embodiment of my invention it will be understood that the invention its broader laspect is not limited to the detailsof construction described and shown. Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is: 1. The combination with a drawer, of a casing for said drawer, tracks supporting said drawer at the sides having separated grooves facing each other and extending in the direction of movement of said drawer, tracks secured to said casing and provided with oppositely facing grooves registering with the irst mentioned grooves, the tracks on the casing and tracks supporting thel drawer telescoping one into another, anti- 80 friction balls in each pair of grooves locking the parts against any movement except y longitudinal, and integral means engaging the balls in both grooves to hold the same in spaced relation to each other and allowing the simultaneous movement of the balls ybut holding the same against independent movement.
2. The combination with a drawer, of a casing therefor, a track secured to said casing having oppositely facing longitudinalgrooves, a second track movable on the first having grooves facing and registering with said first mentioned grooves, anti-friction balls in said grooves locking said tracks against any relative movement except longitudinal, one piece spacing means for said balls in both grooves to allowsimultaneous movement of the balls but to hold the same against independent movement, and said drawer being provided with a part slidably resting von sald movable track to support said drawer.
3. The combination with a drawer, of a casing therefor, a track secured to said casing at each side having oppositely facing longitudinal grooves, a second track movable upon each of the first mentioned tracks having grooves facing and registering with said rst mentioned grooves, anti-friction 110 balls in saidA grooves-` loclng said tracks against any relative movement except longitudinal, a spacing means for the balls in both grooves to permit simultaneous movement of said' balls but to hold the same 115 against independent movement, and rails on the sides of said drawer frictionallyl resting on said movable tracks whereby said drawer and tracks will normally move together and said drawer may 'slide on the 120 track when said track has reached the limit of its movement.
ing said sections against any relative move- 133 ment except longitudinal, and a ball retainer U-shaped in cross section tting within and movable along the outer track and embracing the inner track provided with holes to receive said balls.
5. The combination with a drawer and the like having parts provided with a plurality of oppositely facing longitudinal grooves, a casing for said drawer and the like also having parts provided with a plurality of oppositely facing longitudinal grooves having `their open faces arranged adjacent andopposite to the open faces of the grooves on the drawer and the like, a plurality of anti-friction devices arranged in each of the respective adjacent grooves on the drawer and the casing, and means for retaining said anti-friction devicesv in spaced relation to each other, the grooved parts on the drawer and those on the casing being capable of relative movement between them, and the anti-friction devices acting as retaining devices to hold the drawer and casing 1n operative position.
6. The combination with a drawer and the like having parts provided with a plurality of oppositely facing longitudinal grooves, a casing for said drawer and the' like also having parts provided with a plurality of oppositely facing longitudinal grooves having their open faces arranged adjacent and opposite to the open faces of the ooves on the drawer and the like, and a p urality of spaced anti-friction devices arranged in each of the respective adjacent grooves on the drawer and the casing, the grooved parts on the drawer and those on the casing being capable of relative movement between them and the anti-friction devices moving with the movable member, said anti-friction devices also acting as retaining devices to hold the drawer and casing in operative position.
ln testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
MYRON CGSSEY.y
Witnesses:
HORACE L. BALCH, GEORGE W. READ.
US61874611A 1911-04-03 1911-04-03 Drawer-slide. Expired - Lifetime US1045523A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2511654A (en) * 1946-12-13 1950-06-13 Dale D Spoor Ball-bearing clamp to hold straightedge on a drafting board
US2517112A (en) * 1946-02-18 1950-08-01 Roy E Jones Work support for machine tools
US2534350A (en) * 1947-05-05 1950-12-19 Nathan A Gussack Guide for drawers or shelves
US2555237A (en) * 1949-12-07 1951-05-29 Macpherson William Spraying machine drive
US2614022A (en) * 1948-04-10 1952-10-14 Garden City Plating & Mfg Co Drawer slide
US2690794A (en) * 1952-06-26 1954-10-05 James B Ahern Armrest with door panel shield
US2692802A (en) * 1950-07-01 1954-10-26 Garden City Plating & Mfg Co Drawer slide
US2871085A (en) * 1954-05-17 1959-01-27 Arthur G Diack Drawer slide
US2931552A (en) * 1957-03-14 1960-04-05 Zalkind Joseph Devices for separating and sorting manifold sets
US3011530A (en) * 1959-07-13 1961-12-05 Lamb Ellard Guide for portable saw
US3022129A (en) * 1960-11-29 1962-02-20 Corax Corp Slide brackets
US3044507A (en) * 1960-09-15 1962-07-17 Esposito Angelo Jig for a power saw
US3082861A (en) * 1959-09-29 1963-03-26 Andrew T Kornylak Conveyor belt
US3181925A (en) * 1962-02-13 1965-05-04 Henry C Fischer Drawer slide
US3205025A (en) * 1963-02-08 1965-09-07 Standard Prec Drawer slide
US3600833A (en) * 1968-03-25 1971-08-24 Hartzell Industries Carriage guided wheel and rail assembly
US4112539A (en) * 1976-05-12 1978-09-12 Hagen Magnus F Structural-reinforcement means for precision, telescoping, linear slide mechanisms
US4475778A (en) * 1982-04-21 1984-10-09 Avm Corporation Drawer suspension system
US4568315A (en) * 1983-02-18 1986-02-04 Mitsuboshi Belting Ltd. Speed-shifting pulley with clutch mechanism
US6132020A (en) * 1998-04-29 2000-10-17 Paul Hettich Gmbh & Co. Drawer slide assembly
US20090039747A1 (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-12 Webster Ii James L Footwear storage device

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2517112A (en) * 1946-02-18 1950-08-01 Roy E Jones Work support for machine tools
US2511654A (en) * 1946-12-13 1950-06-13 Dale D Spoor Ball-bearing clamp to hold straightedge on a drafting board
US2534350A (en) * 1947-05-05 1950-12-19 Nathan A Gussack Guide for drawers or shelves
US2614022A (en) * 1948-04-10 1952-10-14 Garden City Plating & Mfg Co Drawer slide
US2555237A (en) * 1949-12-07 1951-05-29 Macpherson William Spraying machine drive
US2692802A (en) * 1950-07-01 1954-10-26 Garden City Plating & Mfg Co Drawer slide
US2690794A (en) * 1952-06-26 1954-10-05 James B Ahern Armrest with door panel shield
US2871085A (en) * 1954-05-17 1959-01-27 Arthur G Diack Drawer slide
US2931552A (en) * 1957-03-14 1960-04-05 Zalkind Joseph Devices for separating and sorting manifold sets
US3011530A (en) * 1959-07-13 1961-12-05 Lamb Ellard Guide for portable saw
US3082861A (en) * 1959-09-29 1963-03-26 Andrew T Kornylak Conveyor belt
US3044507A (en) * 1960-09-15 1962-07-17 Esposito Angelo Jig for a power saw
US3022129A (en) * 1960-11-29 1962-02-20 Corax Corp Slide brackets
US3181925A (en) * 1962-02-13 1965-05-04 Henry C Fischer Drawer slide
US3205025A (en) * 1963-02-08 1965-09-07 Standard Prec Drawer slide
US3600833A (en) * 1968-03-25 1971-08-24 Hartzell Industries Carriage guided wheel and rail assembly
US4112539A (en) * 1976-05-12 1978-09-12 Hagen Magnus F Structural-reinforcement means for precision, telescoping, linear slide mechanisms
US4475778A (en) * 1982-04-21 1984-10-09 Avm Corporation Drawer suspension system
US4568315A (en) * 1983-02-18 1986-02-04 Mitsuboshi Belting Ltd. Speed-shifting pulley with clutch mechanism
US6132020A (en) * 1998-04-29 2000-10-17 Paul Hettich Gmbh & Co. Drawer slide assembly
US20090039747A1 (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-12 Webster Ii James L Footwear storage device

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