US1021143A - Car-fender. - Google Patents

Car-fender. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1021143A
US1021143A US62529911A US1911625299A US1021143A US 1021143 A US1021143 A US 1021143A US 62529911 A US62529911 A US 62529911A US 1911625299 A US1911625299 A US 1911625299A US 1021143 A US1021143 A US 1021143A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
fender
car
frame
hooks
supports
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US62529911A
Inventor
William T Garrison
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
KATHERINE KEARNEY
Original Assignee
KATHERINE KEARNEY
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by KATHERINE KEARNEY filed Critical KATHERINE KEARNEY
Priority to US62529911A priority Critical patent/US1021143A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1021143A publication Critical patent/US1021143A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R21/00Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks
    • B60R21/34Protecting non-occupants of a vehicle, e.g. pedestrians

Definitions

  • This invention relates to car fenders in which a frame or fender is mounted on suitable supports at the front end of the car and the object of the invention is to provide an efiective device of this character which is normally held elevated clear of the track rail or at such height that it will readily pass over ordinary track bed projections during travel of the car to which it is attached, and which may be instantly released from the car platform by the motorman and lowered by its own weight when striking abnormal objects in the path of travel of the car and cause such objects to be thrown over into a suitable yielding net and prevent serious injury to the object.
  • a further object of the present invention is to construct a fender in sections so that it may be folded when not in use and locked 'in this position.
  • Figure 1 is a side elevation of a portion of a car end showing the improved fender applied thereto, and illustrated in normal position;
  • Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section showing the fender as having been tripped and in lowered position.
  • Fig. 3 is a plan view of the same with a part of the yielding net broken away;
  • Fig. 4 is a similar view to Fig. 1 showing the fender in a folded position, and
  • Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the rollers.
  • l designates'a front end of a street car.
  • To the sills 2 on the front of the street car are secured two hearings or supports 3 by means of bolts 4. At the ends of these supports are formed sleeves or bearings 5 and 6.
  • the bearing 6 of the supports 3 forming the only means of support for the fender.
  • the frame of the fender is composed of two sections 7 and 8 pivotally connected together as at 9.
  • the first section 7 consists of two downwardly curved side members 10 connected at their upper ends by two transverse members 11 and 12.
  • the said transverse member 11 of the first section is supported in the bearings 6 of the supports 3.
  • the second section 8 of the fender consists of two side members 15 having enlarged end portions forming bearings for the gudgeons 15 on the end of two rollers 16 and 17.
  • the opposite ends of the side members 15 are connected by two transverse members 18, one of which pivotally holds the sections 7 and 8 togetherand the other forms a brace for the said side members 15.
  • Adjacent the upper ends of the enlarged portions of the ends of said members and extending between the two rollers 16 and 17 is another transverse member 19.
  • a suitable yielding net 20 is secured at one end to the transverse member 14 of the first section and the opposite end of the net is fastened to the transverse member 19 of the second section.
  • the said net is also hinged as at 21 so that it may be readily folded with the sections 7 and 8.
  • Pivotally mounted in the bearings 5 of the supports 3 is a rod 23 having hooks 24 secured at each end thereof for engaging the lugs 24: formed on the sides 15 of the second section to hold the said section in a folded position.
  • a handle 25 is also secured to the rod 23 for conveniently releasing said hooks and thereby allowing the second section to be placed in its normal position.
  • the second section When the second section is in a lowered position it is supported by a chain or other suitable means 26 the ends of which are secured to the transverse members 1 1 and 19 of the sections 7 and 8.
  • a trip bar 27 is pivoted to the platform of the car as at 28 and has a foot-engaging head 29 on one end and a hook engaging member 30 on its opposite end.
  • a second bar 32 is pivoted at one end to the opposite side of the platform of the car and has a hook engaging member 33 on its opposite end.
  • Two upwardly projecting lugs 36 are formed on the transverse member 12 of the section 7 of the fender, which lugs normally engage the hooks 27 and 33 of the tripping member.
  • a leaf spring 37 normally holds the said hooks engaged with the lugs 36, thereby holding the fender in a raised position; but when the motorman seeing an object on the track throws the hooks out of engagement with the lugs 36 by the foot operating member 29 the fender will fall of its own weight to the ground.
  • the fender is in a tripped position the enlarged portion 38 of the roller 16 will run along the track and turn in the direction of the arrow as shown in Fig. 2.
  • the said enlarged port-ions also engage the roller 17 which is covered by some yielding material such as rubber and the like and will turn the said roller 17 in the direction of the arrow or in the opposite direct-ion to the roller 16 as is also shown in Fig. 2.
  • the operation is as follows: The fender is held in its normal position as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawing and when an object or person is seen on the track the motorman will release the hooks 27 and 33 by means of the foot operating member, thereby allowing the fender to drop of its own weight.
  • the roller 16 of the second sect-ion will then run along the track and turn in the direction of the arrow as shown in Fig. 2 and turn the yielding roller 18 in the opposite direction so that when a person or object comes in contact with the yielding roller the said roller will have a tendency to throw the person or object upon the yielding net 20 and thereby avoid any serious injury.
  • the lower section may be folded out of the way as shown in Fig. 4c of the drawing.
  • a fender the combination with a car end of supports connected thereto, a frame pivotally connected to said supports, a second frame hinged thereto, a net connected to said frames, a chain for holding the said second frame in an extended position, a rod pivotally mounted in said supports, a hook on each end of said rod, lugs on the said second frame, said hooks engaging said lugs to hold the said second frame in a closed or folded position and a handle secured to said rod for operating said hooks substantially as described.
  • a fender the combination with a car end of supports mounted thereon, a frame pivotally mounted on said supports, a second frame pivotally mounted on the first said frame, a net connected to each of said frames, upwardly extending lugs provided on the first said frame, spring pressed hooks mounted on the saidcar for engaging said lugs and means for operating said hooks substantially as described.
  • a fender the combination with a car end of supports connected thereto, a frame pivotally connected to said supports, a second frame hinged to said first named frame, a nut connected to said frames, lugs extending from the first mentioned frame, hooks mounted on the said car, a rod connecting said hooks, a foot engaging member extending from one of said hooks, a leaf spring engaging said foot engaging member for normally holding said hooks into engagement with said lugs, arms extending upwardly from the sides of the first mentioned frame, chains connecting said arms with the second mentioned frame for holding said frame in a lowered position and hooks pivotally mounted in said supports adapted to engage the last mentioned frame for holding the same in a closed position, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Body Structure For Vehicles (AREA)

Description

W. T. GARRISON.
GAR FENDER.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 5, 1911.
1,021, 143. Patented Mar. 26, 1912.
2 SHBETBSHEET 1.
iiiifiiil w nun COLUMBIA ILANDGIAPN C0.,WAShmu-\JN, IJ. C.
W. T. GARRISON.
OAR FENDER.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 5, 1911.
1,021, 143, Patented Mar. 26,1!512.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
COLUMBIA PLANOGRAP'M $0., WAsmNnTON. n. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM T. GARRISON, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNOR T0 KATHERINE KEARNEY, 0] LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
CAR-FENDER.
Specification of Letters Iatent.
Application filed May 5, 1911.
Patented Mar. 26, 1912.
Serial No. 625,299.
- To all whom it may concern exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to car fenders in which a frame or fender is mounted on suitable supports at the front end of the car and the object of the invention is to provide an efiective device of this character which is normally held elevated clear of the track rail or at such height that it will readily pass over ordinary track bed projections during travel of the car to which it is attached, and which may be instantly released from the car platform by the motorman and lowered by its own weight when striking abnormal objects in the path of travel of the car and cause such objects to be thrown over into a suitable yielding net and prevent serious injury to the object.
A further object of the present invention is to construct a fender in sections so that it may be folded when not in use and locked 'in this position.
WVith these and other objects in view my invention consists of a novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter described and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
Referring to the drawings: Figure 1 is a side elevation of a portion of a car end showing the improved fender applied thereto, and illustrated in normal position; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section showing the fender as having been tripped and in lowered position. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the same with a part of the yielding net broken away; Fig. 4 is a similar view to Fig. 1 showing the fender in a folded position, and Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the rollers.
Referring now more particularly to the drawing, with the same letters of reference indicating the same parts in all of the figures, l designates'a front end of a street car. To the sills 2 on the front of the street car are secured two hearings or supports 3 by means of bolts 4. At the ends of these supports are formed sleeves or bearings 5 and 6. The bearing 6 of the supports 3 forming the only means of support for the fender.
The frame of the fender is composed of two sections 7 and 8 pivotally connected together as at 9. The first section 7 consists of two downwardly curved side members 10 connected at their upper ends by two transverse members 11 and 12. The said transverse member 11 of the first section is supported in the bearings 6 of the supports 3.
Made integral with the side members 10 are upward projecting extensions 13 connected by a transverse member 14. The second section 8 of the fender consists of two side members 15 having enlarged end portions forming bearings for the gudgeons 15 on the end of two rollers 16 and 17. The opposite ends of the side members 15 are connected by two transverse members 18, one of which pivotally holds the sections 7 and 8 togetherand the other forms a brace for the said side members 15. Adjacent the upper ends of the enlarged portions of the ends of said members and extending between the two rollers 16 and 17 is another transverse member 19. A suitable yielding net 20 is secured at one end to the transverse member 14 of the first section and the opposite end of the net is fastened to the transverse member 19 of the second section. The said net is also hinged as at 21 so that it may be readily folded with the sections 7 and 8. Pivotally mounted in the bearings 5 of the supports 3 is a rod 23 having hooks 24 secured at each end thereof for engaging the lugs 24: formed on the sides 15 of the second section to hold the said section in a folded position. A handle 25 is also secured to the rod 23 for conveniently releasing said hooks and thereby allowing the second section to be placed in its normal position. When the second section is in a lowered position it is supported by a chain or other suitable means 26 the ends of which are secured to the transverse members 1 1 and 19 of the sections 7 and 8.
A trip bar 27 is pivoted to the platform of the car as at 28 and has a foot-engaging head 29 on one end and a hook engaging member 30 on its opposite end. A second bar 32 is pivoted at one end to the opposite side of the platform of the car and has a hook engaging member 33 on its opposite end. These said tripping bars 27 and 32 are pivotally connected as at 34 by a bar 35, whereby the moving of the bar 27 in one direction by the foot engaging member 29, will move the hook 33 in the same direction.
Two upwardly projecting lugs 36 are formed on the transverse member 12 of the section 7 of the fender, which lugs normally engage the hooks 27 and 33 of the tripping member. A leaf spring 37 normally holds the said hooks engaged with the lugs 36, thereby holding the fender in a raised position; but when the motorman seeing an object on the track throws the hooks out of engagement with the lugs 36 by the foot operating member 29 the fender will fall of its own weight to the ground.
'lVhen the fender is in a tripped position the enlarged portion 38 of the roller 16 will run along the track and turn in the direction of the arrow as shown in Fig. 2. The said enlarged port-ions also engage the roller 17 which is covered by some yielding material such as rubber and the like and will turn the said roller 17 in the direction of the arrow or in the opposite direct-ion to the roller 16 as is also shown in Fig. 2.
The operation is as follows: The fender is held in its normal position as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawing and when an object or person is seen on the track the motorman will release the hooks 27 and 33 by means of the foot operating member, thereby allowing the fender to drop of its own weight. The roller 16 of the second sect-ion will then run along the track and turn in the direction of the arrow as shown in Fig. 2 and turn the yielding roller 18 in the opposite direction so that when a person or object comes in contact with the yielding roller the said roller will have a tendency to throw the person or object upon the yielding net 20 and thereby avoid any serious injury. When the fender is out of use the lower section may be folded out of the way as shown in Fig. 4c of the drawing.
Having fully described my invention, what I desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In a fender, the combination with a car end of supports connected thereto, a frame pivotally connected to said supports, a second frame hinged thereto, a net connected to said frames, a chain for holding the said second frame in an extended position, a rod pivotally mounted in said supports, a hook on each end of said rod, lugs on the said second frame, said hooks engaging said lugs to hold the said second frame in a closed or folded position and a handle secured to said rod for operating said hooks substantially as described.
2. In a fender, the combination with a car end of supports mounted thereon, a frame pivotally mounted on said supports, a second frame pivotally mounted on the first said frame, a net connected to each of said frames, upwardly extending lugs provided on the first said frame, spring pressed hooks mounted on the saidcar for engaging said lugs and means for operating said hooks substantially as described.
3. In a fender, the combination with a car end of supports connected thereto, a frame pivotally connected to said supports, a second frame hinged to said first named frame, a nut connected to said frames, lugs extending from the first mentioned frame, hooks mounted on the said car, a rod connecting said hooks, a foot engaging member extending from one of said hooks, a leaf spring engaging said foot engaging member for normally holding said hooks into engagement with said lugs, arms extending upwardly from the sides of the first mentioned frame, chains connecting said arms with the second mentioned frame for holding said frame in a lowered position and hooks pivotally mounted in said supports adapted to engage the last mentioned frame for holding the same in a closed position, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof I affiX my signature in presence of two witnesses.
WILLIAM T. GARRISON.
Witnesses J. Z. GEWERTZ, A. WV. TORENSON.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.
It is hereby eertified that Letters Patent No; 1,021,1&3, granted March 26, 1912, upon the application of William T. Garrison, of Los Angeles, California, for an improvement in Car-Fenders, Were erroneously issued to Katherine Kearney, as assignee of the entire interest in said invention, Whereas said Letters Patent should have been issued to the inventor, said Garrison and Katherine [foam-e2 jointly, said Kearney being assignee of one-third interest only; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Pateint Ofiiee.
Signed and sealed this 7th day of May, A. D., 1912.
C. C. BILLINGS,
Acting Commissioner of Patents.
[SEAL]
US62529911A 1911-05-05 1911-05-05 Car-fender. Expired - Lifetime US1021143A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US62529911A US1021143A (en) 1911-05-05 1911-05-05 Car-fender.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US62529911A US1021143A (en) 1911-05-05 1911-05-05 Car-fender.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1021143A true US1021143A (en) 1912-03-26

Family

ID=3089440

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US62529911A Expired - Lifetime US1021143A (en) 1911-05-05 1911-05-05 Car-fender.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1021143A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1021143A (en) Car-fender.
US568302A (en) Car-fender
US528057A (en) Gae fbtfdee
US529726A (en) qrieser
US554149A (en) Car-fender
US1053853A (en) Car-fender.
US939952A (en) Car-fender.
US548173A (en) Life-guard for streetcars
US488386A (en) Car-fender
US649701A (en) Fender, & c., for tram-cars.
US496146A (en) Henry b
US531026A (en) Car-fender
US1163689A (en) Wheel-guard.
US554883A (en) Car-fender
US912574A (en) Automatic car-fender.
US921716A (en) Car-fender.
US899689A (en) Car-fender.
US433433A (en) Railway-track cleaner
US548906A (en) Car-fender
US737528A (en) Car-fender.
US1126897A (en) Fender.
US547628A (en) Car-fender
US1085711A (en) Car-fender.
US1006349A (en) Car-fender.
US941984A (en) Street-car fender.