US1017928A - Projectile for firearms. - Google Patents

Projectile for firearms. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1017928A
US1017928A US66115311A US1911661153A US1017928A US 1017928 A US1017928 A US 1017928A US 66115311 A US66115311 A US 66115311A US 1911661153 A US1911661153 A US 1911661153A US 1017928 A US1017928 A US 1017928A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
shot
pin
projectile
firearms
disks
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US66115311A
Inventor
Georgi Tocik
Original Assignee
Georgi Tocik
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Georgi Tocik filed Critical Georgi Tocik
Priority to US66115311A priority Critical patent/US1017928A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1017928A publication Critical patent/US1017928A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B12/00Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material
    • F42B12/02Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect
    • F42B12/34Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect expanding before or on impact, i.e. of dumdum or mushroom type

Description

G. TOCIK.

PROJEGTILE FOR PIRBARMS.

APPLICATION FILED 11017.18, 1911.

Patented Feb. 20, 1912.

[gn 004mm/ w Wu,

.HMI/772C@ UNTTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

GEORGI TOCIK, OF PLOYESCHI, ROUMANIA.

PROJECTILE FOR FIREARMS.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, GEoRcI Toom, a subject of the King of Roumania, and residing at 66 Strada Romana, Ployeschi, Roumania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Projectiles for Firearms, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to combination cartridges for firearms. Such cartridges may be used either as ball cartridgesin which case the shot travels to the mark in a single piece, or as small shot cartridges, in which the shot after traveling a definite distance splits up into a number of parts, which parts receive a certain spread. Previous cartridges and missiles of this type are unreliable in action and subject to various drawbacks.

The charges of coarse shot used in hunting large animals have comparatively small penetrative power, their spread is always unreliable and they are ditcult to hold together even when fired from specially constructed barrels. Other missiles, made divisible in the longitudinal direction, have also an unreliable spread, such missiles having generally the form of a bundle held together by wires or the like and when fired from the arm have a rather uncertain and not regulable spread. In every case such shot are effective at comparatively short distances only.

The present invention has for its object an improved shot or missile for cartridges of the above type which can be used with any kind of firearm, whether for hunting or military purposes, and even with cannon.

The invention consists in an improved shot or missile for cartridges of the type referred to constituted of a number of pieces of slightly conical shape longitudinally, threaded on a central pin, between each adjacent piece of which shot is inserted a disk of soft easily compressible material, whereby the shot elements can be pressed together through the agency of the pin and thus brought farther from or closer to each other in the longitudinal direction, for the purpose of regulating or if necessary eliminating the spread of the shot elements.

The example of the improved projectile hereinafter described, is adapted for hunting fairly large animals such as wolves, deer and the like.

In the accompanying drawings Figures 1 and 2 illustrate details of the elements con- Speccaton of Letters Patent.

Application filed November 18, 1911.

Patented Feb. 20, 1912.

serial No. 661,153.

stituting the shot. Fig. 3 shows a complete cartridge with the shot in position.

The cartridge 1 is charged as usual with an explosive 13 covered by a plug or wad '2, and contains a shot or projectile constituted of a number of separate elements 3, 4, 4', 4, 4, 4, etc., and a cap 5` These shot elements are drilled longitudinally and are slightly conical. The elements are so formed that the bottom of one element is adapted to fit over the point of the element underneath, while between each two adjacent elements is provided an insertion 10, 10, 10, 10, etc. Through the holes in the elements there passes a pin 8 of a soft or brittle material which pin tits somewhat tightly in the bottom element 3 while the other elements and the top cap 5 slide easily on the pin, whereby the shot elements can be displaced laterally to a small extent rela tively to the bottom element, their longitudinal axis being in this manner slightly out of line with the axis of the barrel. In the present example the pin can be more or less pressed into the hole 11 o-f the bottom element 3 by pressing with the linger on the head 6 o`f the pin. The head 6 of the pin may be in one piece with the pin as. shown in Fig. 3 or be mounted on the pin as shown in Fig. 2, in which the shot elements can be squeezed together by pressure on the head 6, the underside of the bottom element 3 being closed in this case. As shown in Fig. 1 the pin 8 may be provided with a screw thread l5 on which is screwed a nut 14 by means of which the adjustment of the shot elements can be effected. In order to hold the shot elements against each other with a slight pressure during storage or transport a spring 7 may be provided underneath the head of the pin 6, which pin may be unconfined as shown in Fig. 2. or lodged in a recess 9 as shown in Fig. 3.

The projectiles hereinbefore described are adapted only for firearms with rifled barrels, but it is immaterial whether the rifling is right or left hand. It is however of importance that the shot elements should go into the bore of the barrel without becoming pressed into the rif-ling, the wad 2Q being sufficiently7 large to seal up the ritling of the barrel from the gases and to communicate a movement of rotation to the shot.

The disks 10, l0, 10, etc., are madeof a soft, easily compressed material, such as cotton wool.

The projectile can be used as a ball shot arriving at the mark in a single piece, or caused to split up into its constituent elements at a certain part of its trajectory, this latter action being adjusted at will by actuation of the tightening means. For example when the pin is not pressed down into the shot, so that the shot elements are as far as possible apartl from each other these latter being very movable and fitting the bore of the barrel, are displaced within the barrel in such a manner that the longitudinal axes of the different shot elements no longer coincide with the axis of the barrel. The pin 8 being, as already stated, of brittle material, in the present case of soft wood, the rotating projectile after iiring will remain coherent for a certain distance until the eccentric motion of the separate shot elements, owing to the displaced position of their centers of gravity, will exert suflicient lateral pressure on the pin to destroy the same, whereupon the shot elements can spread out from the direction of iiring.

It is obvious that the eccentricity of the different shot elements can be regulated by squeezing them closer together, which is effected by pressing on the pin before the cartridge is placed in the barrel. Then the pin is pressed home to its maximum extent so that the disks are pressed together and the shot elements almost touch each other, the shot remains in one piece during the whole of its trajectory. Exhaustive tests have shown that the spread can be very closely adjusted. For example if paper disks instead of cotton wool are inserted between the elements in projectiles for hunting weapons, it is impossible, however soft lthe disks may be, to cause the elements to spread. The springs 7 must be quite thin and exert only enough pressure to hold the shot elements together. The shot may be greased in 'the usual manner and the layer of grease 12 may serve to fill the conical interspaces.

The projectile may be made of any size and form, of any number of elements and the points of the elements may be conical as shown in Fig. l, rounded as shown in Fig. 2,

or of any other suitable form. The shot may moreover be made from one or more materials or provided with a sheath.

Having now described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is l. A s hot or projectile for firearms, com- Y prising 1n combination a plurality of superposed shot elements fitting into each other with a certain lateral play, a central pin on which these elements are loosely threaded, disks of easily compressible material bedisks of easily compressible material between adjacent shot elements, spring means for holding the elements together during storage and transport, and means associated with the central pin for adjusting the distance apart of the elements.

3. A shot or projectile for firearms, comprising in combination a plurality of superposed shot elements fitting into each other with a cert-ain lateral play, a central pin on which these elements are loosely threaded, but which can slide with some Jfriction in the lowermost element, disks of easily compressible material between adjacent shot elements, spring means for holding the elements together during storage and transport, and means associated with the central pin for adjusting the distance apart of the elements.

4. A shot or projectile for firearms, comprising in combination a plurality of superposed shot elements fitting into each other with a certain lateral play, a central pin on which these elements are loosely threaded and which is rigidly attached to the lowermost element, an adjustable collar on the upl per end of the pin, disks of easily compressible material between adjacent shot elements, spring means for holding the elements together during storage and transport, and means associated with the central pin for adjusting the distance apart of the elements. v

5. A shot or projectile for firearms, comprising in combination a plurality of superposed shot elements fitting into each other' with a certain lateral play, a central pin on which these elements are loosely threaded and which is rigidly attached to the lowermost element, a nut working on the screwed upper end of the pin, disks of easily compressible material between adjacent shot elements, spring means for holding the elements together during storage and transport, and means associated with the central pin for adjusting the distance apart of the elements.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

GEORGI TOCIK.

Witnesses: j

THEO. DoLMEN, OsKAR Duim.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

Washington, D. C.

US66115311A 1911-11-18 1911-11-18 Projectile for firearms. Expired - Lifetime US1017928A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US66115311A US1017928A (en) 1911-11-18 1911-11-18 Projectile for firearms.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US66115311A US1017928A (en) 1911-11-18 1911-11-18 Projectile for firearms.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1017928A true US1017928A (en) 1912-02-20

Family

ID=3086230

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US66115311A Expired - Lifetime US1017928A (en) 1911-11-18 1911-11-18 Projectile for firearms.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1017928A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3097603A (en) * 1959-11-12 1963-07-16 Richard G Harper Fragmentation projectile
US4603637A (en) * 1984-10-31 1986-08-05 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Variable density frangible projectile
US4635556A (en) * 1982-03-17 1987-01-13 Rheinmetall Gmbh Penetrator shell with stacked core elements
US4671180A (en) * 1980-09-27 1987-06-09 Rheinmetall Gmbh Armor-piercing inertial projectile
US4726297A (en) * 1985-05-22 1988-02-23 Bueno Leoncio M Submunition ejection system
US4754706A (en) * 1983-06-27 1988-07-05 Etienne Lacroix Tous Artifices Munition scattering projectile
US4854242A (en) * 1987-05-21 1989-08-08 Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik Oerlikon-Buhrle Ag Sabot projectile containing a projectile core and a sabot jacket
US4938147A (en) * 1989-06-07 1990-07-03 Czetto Jr Paul High impact expandable bullet
US5149913A (en) * 1990-09-05 1992-09-22 Arakaki Steven Y Forced expanding bullet
US5834683A (en) * 1996-08-07 1998-11-10 Fiocchi Munizioni S.P.A. Projectile having features of high deformability on impact
US6640723B2 (en) * 2002-03-25 2003-11-04 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Mission responsive ordnance
US10415939B2 (en) * 2014-03-14 2019-09-17 Hirtenberger Defence Europe GmbH Projectile

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3097603A (en) * 1959-11-12 1963-07-16 Richard G Harper Fragmentation projectile
US4671180A (en) * 1980-09-27 1987-06-09 Rheinmetall Gmbh Armor-piercing inertial projectile
US4774889A (en) * 1980-09-27 1988-10-04 Rheinmetall Gmbh Armor-piercing projectile
US4635556A (en) * 1982-03-17 1987-01-13 Rheinmetall Gmbh Penetrator shell with stacked core elements
US4754706A (en) * 1983-06-27 1988-07-05 Etienne Lacroix Tous Artifices Munition scattering projectile
US4603637A (en) * 1984-10-31 1986-08-05 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Variable density frangible projectile
US4726297A (en) * 1985-05-22 1988-02-23 Bueno Leoncio M Submunition ejection system
US4854242A (en) * 1987-05-21 1989-08-08 Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik Oerlikon-Buhrle Ag Sabot projectile containing a projectile core and a sabot jacket
US4938147A (en) * 1989-06-07 1990-07-03 Czetto Jr Paul High impact expandable bullet
US5149913A (en) * 1990-09-05 1992-09-22 Arakaki Steven Y Forced expanding bullet
US5834683A (en) * 1996-08-07 1998-11-10 Fiocchi Munizioni S.P.A. Projectile having features of high deformability on impact
US6640723B2 (en) * 2002-03-25 2003-11-04 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Mission responsive ordnance
US20040055499A1 (en) * 2002-03-25 2004-03-25 Spivak Timothy L. Mission responsive ordnance
US6766746B2 (en) * 2002-03-25 2004-07-27 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Mission responsive ordnance
US10415939B2 (en) * 2014-03-14 2019-09-17 Hirtenberger Defence Europe GmbH Projectile
US10648783B2 (en) 2014-03-14 2020-05-12 Hirtenberger Defence Europe GmbH Projectile

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1650908A (en) Method and apparatus for identifying ammunition
US7926408B1 (en) Velocity, internal ballistics and external ballistics detection and control for projectile devices and a reduction in device related pollution
US4016817A (en) Bullet for hunting shotguns
US7694619B2 (en) Low lethality firearm and relative method for shooting a low lethality bullet
US20080134928A1 (en) Muzzleloading firearm projectile
US3397640A (en) Fuze with improved time delay and self-destruct mechanism
ES255998A1 (en) Shotgun shell having a divided charge adapted to explode in bursts
US3180265A (en) Shot shell wad and container
US2426997A (en) Projectile
US3062145A (en) Slug for a shotgun shell
US2897757A (en) Gun cartridge
US1583559A (en) Shotgun cartridge
US4601125A (en) Muzzle loading apparatus
US1286810A (en) Fuse-cap magazine.
US4008538A (en) Gun
US4819563A (en) Bullets for fire arms
US3541716A (en) Rapid revolver loader
US1322662A (en) Eibeaktt-pbojectile
US1816265A (en) Portable firearm for casting bombs and grenades by means of ordinary bullet cartridges
US4864761A (en) Barrel vibration dampening device for rifles
RU2590841C2 (en) Method of solving the main problem of outer shell non-controlled jet projectiles long storage life
US1179021A (en) Appliance for shotguns.
US1023469A (en) Cartridge.
US3270455A (en) Semi-automatic repeating flare pistol
US2941326A (en) Resilient barrel supporting device for firearms