US1005972A - Cornet. - Google Patents

Cornet. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1005972A
US1005972A US1908419872A US1005972A US 1005972 A US1005972 A US 1005972A US 1908419872 A US1908419872 A US 1908419872A US 1005972 A US1005972 A US 1005972A
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Prior art keywords
sections
mouth
pipe
casing
side
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Expired - Lifetime
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Frank Holton
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Frank Holton Company
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/10General design of wind musical instruments of the type with a cupped mouthpiece, e.g. cornets, orchestral trumpet, trombone

Description

F. HULTON. CORNET.

A APPLICATION rILsn uns, 190s.

1,005,972. Patented oct. 17,1911.l

UNITED sTAfijiis riiriiNT onirica.

HOLTON, OF CHICAGO. ILLINOIS,

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A

ASSIGNOR TO FRANK CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.

CORNET.

To all 'whom it may concern: j

Be it known that l, FRANK Hoi/ron, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cliicago, in the count1 of Cook and State of linois, have invented certain new and use- .ful Improvements in Cornets, of which the following is a. specification.

Yhis invention relates to improvements in cornets and has for one of its objects to pr vide an iin iroved device of this character, the scale o4 which may be quickly and accurately changed from one key to another, sucha-s from B-tlat to A and vice versa and in which the tuning slide and the quickcliange slide are located entirely to one side of the valve chambers whereby the cornet Willbe com act and at the same time permit thebel1 to lie constructed of a length somewhat greater than the length of the bell in the ordinary cornet, thereby improving the resonance of the instrument and the intensity and qualities in general ot' the notes emitted therefrom.

A further object is to provide improved means whereby a. portion of the inl uth pipe and the connection tube may be dit out to decrease thclengtli to change the instru ment to still another key, such as the key of C, for vocal accoiiipaniinent.

To the attainment of these ends and the accomplishment. of other new and useful ob jects, as will appear, the invention consists in the features ot noveltyT in the construc-- tion, combination and arrangement of the several parts hereinafter more fully d escribed and claimed and shown in the :ic-

companying drawing, illustrating an eX- einpllfication of the invention and in which* i Figure 1 is a side elevation of an iniproved device of this character constructed .in accordance willi the principles' of this invention, showing in full lines a B-llat coi4 net and with the parts adjusted as shown in dotted lilies tochauge the inslrun'ient to the key of A. Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail top plan "View s a portion oftlie mouth.I pipe and connection tube cut out, and a pipe the key of C. Fig. 3 a detail elevation of a portionof Fig. 2 showing the connecting slide in position.l Fig. 4 is a sectional riewtakeii on line Uff-IV, Fig. 1.

to transpose the instrument to specification of Letters rami. 1 Application led March 9. 190B. Serial No. 419,872.

atented Oct.. 17, 1911.

Referring more ing' and in the present exciiijilitication of the invention, the numeral 10 `designates the ordinary valve casings or chambers provided with the usual extension air passages 1.1 I2 and 13. The hell 14 is connected and has communication with one ot the valve cas# ings or housing-s 1.0 in the ordinary and usual manner. As used inl this specification, the term bell designates that portion ot tlic end of the tube from the point at which said tube begins to enlarggge.- A moutlipipe or tube 15 extends along the side of and bcynnd the valve casings 1.0 toward the mouth of the bell 14 in the usual mannerf and is supported by nieans of suitable brackets 16, which may be secured to the valve casings..

his pipe or tube 15 terminates short of the end ofthe hell 14 and bent. hack upon itself astat 17 toward the valve easings to form spaced sections and the bend between these sections is formed by means of va slid, ing connection 18, by mcansof whichy the.

pitch of the instrument may be quickly changed from4 one key to another by quickly adjusting 4the slide with respectto t-lieseetions ot' the/bend, as shown more clem-liY in dotted lilies in Fig. .1 of the drawings. The bend or slide 18 is arranged substantially Vertical and the free end of t is bont laterally and hack upon itself, as at 19, and toward the mouth of the bell, to form another section v20, which is parallel with the section 17 and the bend. 19 is substantially` horizontal. One-end of the `section 20 terminates adjacent the slide 18j`and is `itself bent downwardly and back iipon itself to form with the valve casing 10, which located nearest to the mouth oi the bell. The bend between they section 20 and means of an' adjustable slide 23, provided with the usual moisture outlet- 24 and this slide is adapted to ybe adjusted .in the sections 2() and 21 toproperly time the instrument. This `bend or slide23 is preferably located in ineliiiedto the may be readilyv withoutinterfering with the mouth. piece :u ljusled adjustment. 25 .1s

particularly to thel draw-iA he section 17 a. section 21, which entersand vlias communication at 22 be located in close proximity-to` euch other and at the same time either 'one- Aoif" the other. A5 provided on the Aend ofi Hoi/ron COMPANY, or

rso

the section 2l is formed by which isv 4 the tube or pipe 15 in the usual manner. In use air will pass from the mouth piece 25 through the section 15, slide 18 to the section 17, throu h thel bend 19 into the section 20, throng the slide 23 into the section 21 and from the section 21 into the valve casings 10 through the connection 22. Thus a continuous passage for the air will be formed from the mouth piece to the valve casing and which passage has communication with the valve casing only at one Joint and that at the end of thepassage. ith this improved construction it will be appar ent that the month pipe or tube 15 is provided with the necessary length to produce the proper tones and at the same time by arranging the quick-change slide 18 and the tuning slide 23 entirely to one side of the valve casings and adjacent the outlet-.of the bell, a very .compact instrument is produced and by this arrangement it is possibleV to provide a. bell which 'is of considerable length thereby producing a tone of tine quality.

In order to provide means for limiting the outward movement of the key-changing slide 18, the ordinary and well known stop provided and which consists of a bar or rod 26 rigidly secured at one end to a rigid ortion of. the mouth pipe 15 and extends ongitudinally of said mouth pipe. Slidably engagin the rod 26, is a bearing" 13l Whichis rlgi ly secured to the adjacent arm of the slide 18. The free end of the rod 26 is threaded for the reception 'of check nuts 28, indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 2, by the abutment of which against the sleeve the outward ovemcnt of the slide is limited. l

In order to change the instrument to one in the key of C for the purpose of vocal accompaniment, and at the same time preserve the shape of the instrument, it is necessary to shorten the passage formed by the mouth pipe. l'between the mouth Vpiece 25 and the point 22` where it enters the valve casing 10 by cutting out a portion of this passage. In order to cut ont a. portion of this pipe or render it inactive, the check nuts 28 are first removed from the Vrod 26 after which the quick change slide 18 connecting the ends of the sections 15 and 17 may be detached and the tuning slide 23 which forms a connection between the sections 20 and 21 inav also be detached and when so detached the extremity laof the mouth pipe is connected or joined directly to the extremity 21 et the suction 21 by moans of the tubular connection 2), (scc Fig. 3) which is in the form ot' a slide siinilar to the slides 18 and 23 and is also provided with a moisture outlet 30. \Vl1cn this slide 29 isthus attached, it will be secu that the portion of the mouth pipe 15 'compris-- ing the sections .17 Vand 20, together with the bend or connection 19, will be cut out and the air will pass directl from the pipe 15 through the connecting s ide 29 and into the Valve casing through the section 21.

A suitable tubular connection 31 may be provided for oining the free extremities of the sections 1i and 20 when the crook 29 is in use, as shown more clearly in Fig. 2 of the drawings for the purpose of giving the instrument a better appearance, as well as protecting the free extremities of these sections 17 andV 20, although this connection may he omitted, if desired.

When the cornet is bein used with the crook 29 in position, the va ve tones may be perfected in the usual manner'by means of tuning slides for regulating the lengths of air passages 11, 12 and 13. If desired, the

connections may be` provided with suitable rejections 32 Vby means of which they may e readily adjusted.

In order that `the invention might be fully understood, the details of the foregoing embodiment have been thus specifically described, but

1. In a wind instrument, the combination of a valve casing, a bell member conneeted with said casing at one' side thereof, a mouth pipe extendingrom the mouth piece situated at, the first said side of said casing, the mouth pipe crossing the casing to the opposite side and entering the casing at thc latter side, said mouth pipe comprising in it, length three crooks, the one of which tti't is situated nearest the mouth piece c ntaining a tuning slide. a second tuning sl de being located in another of said crooks, and all of said crooks and said slides being disposed between the outer extremity of the bell member and the side of said casing adjacent the said bell extremity.

2. A wind instrument embodying a bell member, a valve casing, and a mouth pipe leading to said valve casing, said mouth pipe comprising four parallel branches and slides connecting the respective branches, all of said branches and slides being disposed entirely on the same side of the casing and adjacent the bell extremity, the extremity only ot' the pipe to which the mouth piece is connected projecting to the other side of the casing.

3. A valved Wind instrument including a hcl] member and a valve caslng. a mouth an additional .-ouncctiou adapted to join' one of tho fr! lionl of one pair with oucfof the .sc-:lions ol' un ther pair when the first.'

- the sections of one pair with one of the seclions of another pair when the first sald s recae, 1'

said slides are detached, whereby a portion of the mouth* ipe will be rendered inactive.

d. A valvedpwind instrument including a bell `member and a valve casing', a mouth pipe leadingA to the valve casing, and being shaped to lform a lurality of pairs of spaced sections, detac lable connecting slides joining the extremities of the respective sections of each pair to form a, continuous passage for the air through the entire length of the mouth pipe to the valve casing, said slides being located beyond and on the same side of the valve casing, and an additional connection adapted to join one of the sections of one pair with one of the sections of another pair when the first said slides are detached,` whereby a portion of the mouth pipe will be rendered inactive.

,55A valved wind instrument including a bell member and avalve casing,amouth pipe leading to the valve casing, and being shaped' to form a plurality of pairs of spaced sections, adjustable and detachable connecting slides joining the extremities of the respective sections of each pair to form a continuous passage for the air through the entire length of the month pipe to the valve casing, said slides bein located beyond and on the side of the va ve casing toward the outlet of the bell, and a-n additional connection adapted to join one of the sections of one pair with one of the sections of ainother pair when the first said slidesy are detached whereby a portion of the mouth pipe intermediate its extremities will be ren-- dered inactive. i

6, A valved wind instrument including a bell member and a valve casing, a mouth pipe leading to the valve easing and bein shaped to form a lurality of pairs o spacedI sections, detachable connecting slides joining the extremities of the respective sections of each pair to form a continuous passage t'or the air through the entire length oi the mouth pine to the valve casing, an additional connection adapted to join one of slides aredetached dwhereby a portion of the mouthpipe will bo rendered inactive, and means for protectingr the exposed ends of the ren'iaining sections.

7. A wind musical instrument embodying a lfell member, a valve casing, a mouth pipe comprising four parallel branches, a pitchchangin slide in one of rthe branches and a tuning s ide in another of the branches, all

of said branches and slides being arrangedy entirely on the same side of the casing as the extremity ofthe bell, the extremit only of the mouth pipe to which the mout piece is connected pifojecting to the other side of the casing.

8. ln a wind musical instrument, the combination with a mouth pipe comprising four or more'sectons adjacently disposed, reriibvable slides connecting said sectionssuocessively in pairs, and a substitute slid@ ada to connect the first section of tlieiirsfll inf with the last section of the scgndilpafir, whereby the intermediate sections arey cut out of the air passa' e. ifffj:

9. In a wind instrument, the combination), of `a .moutlrpipe comprising e pluralityu'of sections adjaeently disposed, 'two of said s'ec- 75 tionsj being arranged on parallel axes said axes lying in the same horizontal plane when the instrument is in position for'use, others of said sections being disposed above and below the latter, and removable slides so connecting each of the two sections which are arranged in the said plane respectively with the sections above and below the last recited sections.

10. In a wind instrument, the combination of three valve casings, a bell member connected with one of said casings at one side thereof and crossing said casing and terminating at the other side of the farthest one of said casings, a mouth pipe extending from the mouth piece situated at the first said side of said casin s, said mouth pipe crossing the casings to t e opposite side and entering that one of the caslngs nearest the bell extremity, said mouth pipe comprising in its length three crooks, the one of which that issituated nearest the mouth lpiece containing a tuningslide, and a second tuning slide being Iocatedin another of said crooks, and allot' said crooks and slides being `disposed 100 between the outer extremity of the bell member and the side of that one of the valve casings which is nearest the bell extremity.

11. In awind instrument, the combinatlon of a valve casing, a bell member connected therewith, the extremity of which member projects beyond the valve casing and on one side thereof, a. mouthl pipe com rising a plu.- rality of sections adjacently disposed, two of said sections being arra 'ed on parallel 110 `axes, said axes lying in su Jstantially the.

same horizontal plane ywhen the instrument 1s,- ln position, for .useot.hers (if-,said sections belng disposed above and below the latter and removable slides connecting each ofthe 115 two sections lwhich are arranged in the said .plane respectively with the sections above and below the last recited sections, said sec-f tions and slides being all disposed in the space between the plane of the outer edge oi': 120

the bell member and the adjacent valve casing.

12. In a wind instrument, the combination of a valvecasing, a bell member' connected with said casing, at one side thereof and crossing the same and terminating at the other side, a mouth pipe extending from the mouth piece situated at the first said side of saidr casing, said mouth pipe crossing the casing to the opposite side and entering the of tht` hell member and theV side of the said easing suljm-ent the snid bell extremity.

.In tesfimuuy whereof I have signed my name le thil speeleuten, in the presence of 16 im suhsvrhing wtne'ses, on this 3rd day nl Mam'h A. I). 1908.

FRANK I-IOLTON.

Vlit'uesses J. H. Joel-HJM, Jr., M. W. CANTWELL.

US1005972A 1908-03-09 1908-03-09 Cornet. Expired - Lifetime US1005972A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2533388A (en) * 1947-12-13 1950-12-12 H N White Company Water key for trombones and the like

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2533388A (en) * 1947-12-13 1950-12-12 H N White Company Water key for trombones and the like

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