TWM512098U - Lighting fixture - Google Patents

Lighting fixture Download PDF

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Publication number
TWM512098U
TWM512098U TW104211331U TW104211331U TWM512098U TW M512098 U TWM512098 U TW M512098U TW 104211331 U TW104211331 U TW 104211331U TW 104211331 U TW104211331 U TW 104211331U TW M512098 U TWM512098 U TW M512098U
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TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
lighting fixture
casing
transparent substrate
light
reflective
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TW104211331U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Che-Chang Hu
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Brileaf Co Ltd
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Priority to TW104211331U priority Critical patent/TWM512098U/en
Publication of TWM512098U publication Critical patent/TWM512098U/en

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Description

照明燈具Lighting fixture
本創作係有關於一種照明燈具,特別是指一種用於間接照明的照明燈具。This creation is about a lighting fixture, especially a lighting fixture for indirect lighting.
近年來,伴隨發光二極體(LED)的高輸出化、高效率化,目前已開發出一種使用LED作為光源的照明器具,用於在室內或室外使用,並具有可期待的長使用壽命。該照明器具是將多個LED安裝在基板上,而獲得規定的亮度。In recent years, with the increase in output and efficiency of light-emitting diodes (LEDs), lighting fixtures using LEDs as light sources have been developed for use indoors or outdoors, and have a long life expectancy. The lighting fixture is configured to mount a plurality of LEDs on a substrate to obtain a predetermined brightness.
然而,在該照明器具中,從LED出射的光的指向性強且容易產生眩光(glare)。However, in this lighting fixture, the light emitted from the LED has strong directivity and is liable to generate glare.
再者,目前的室內間接照明主要是利用隔板來避免光線的直接照射。然而,在此間接照明方式中,光線是經過多次反射或漫射後才能用於照明,故光線的利用率較低,且較耗費能量。Moreover, the current indoor indirect lighting mainly uses spacers to avoid direct illumination of light. However, in this indirect illumination mode, the light is used for illumination after being reflected or diffused multiple times, so the utilization of light is low and energy is consumed.
本創作之主要目的在於提供一種照明燈具,該照明燈具包括:外殼體,具有一開口及至少一容室,其中該容室是位於該開口的至少一側,該外殼體是安裝於一建築物的支撐面上;一透明基板,設置於該外殼體內,並由該外殼體的該開口暴露出該透明基板的一發光面;以及至少 一光源,設置於該外殼體的該容室內,以發光至透明基板,該光源所發出的光線是經由該透明基板的該發光面來發出至外界。The main purpose of the present invention is to provide a lighting fixture comprising: an outer casing having an opening and at least one chamber, wherein the chamber is located on at least one side of the opening, the outer casing is mounted to a building a supporting surface; a transparent substrate disposed in the outer casing, and exposing a light emitting surface of the transparent substrate from the opening of the outer casing; and at least A light source is disposed in the housing of the outer casing to emit light to the transparent substrate, and the light emitted by the light source is emitted to the outside through the light emitting surface of the transparent substrate.
在本創作之一實施例中,外殼體可設置於或安裝於室內的天花板或牆壁上,或者戶外建築的外牆上。In one embodiment of the present invention, the outer casing may be disposed or mounted on a ceiling or wall of an interior, or an exterior wall of an outdoor building.
在本創作之一實施例中,該外殼體可嵌置於天花板的支撐架之間。In one embodiment of the present invention, the outer casing can be embedded between the support frames of the ceiling.
在本創作之一實施例中,外殼體可由高導熱性的金屬材料所製成,以提升照明燈具的散熱效率。In one embodiment of the present invention, the outer casing may be made of a highly thermally conductive metal material to enhance the heat dissipation efficiency of the lighting fixture.
在本創作之一實施例中,照明燈具的透明基板可為全透明或半透明。In one embodiment of the present creation, the transparent substrate of the lighting fixture can be fully transparent or translucent.
在本創作之一實施例中,照明燈具的透明基板可為矩形、圓形、橢圓形、長方形、三角形或不規則形。In an embodiment of the present invention, the transparent substrate of the lighting fixture may be rectangular, circular, elliptical, rectangular, triangular or irregular.
在本創作之一實施例中,照明燈具的透明基板的材料例如為玻璃、含矽材料、光硬化型樹脂、聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯(PMMA)或聚碳酸酯(PC)。In one embodiment of the present invention, the material of the transparent substrate of the lighting fixture is, for example, glass, bismuth-containing material, photo-curable resin, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) or polycarbonate (PC).
在本創作之一實施例中,此透明基板的材料可為強化玻璃,以提升其基板強度及耐用度。In an embodiment of the present invention, the material of the transparent substrate may be tempered glass to enhance the strength and durability of the substrate.
在本創作之一實施例中,在透明基板材料中可混入有使用了透明或者白色顏料的光漫射材料。In an embodiment of the present invention, a light diffusing material using a transparent or white pigment may be mixed in the transparent substrate material.
在本創作之一實施例中,外殼體所外露的發光面可為任何形狀,例如為矩形、圓形、橢圓形、長方形、三角形或不規則形,以提供各種形狀的平面照明。In one embodiment of the present invention, the exposed light-emitting surface of the outer casing may be any shape, such as rectangular, circular, elliptical, rectangular, triangular or irregular, to provide planar illumination of various shapes.
在本創作之一實施例中,透明基板的側入光面是形成於透明基板的至少一側,其對應于光源的位置,用以允許光源所發出的光線可進入透明基板,此側入光面可具有V形結構(V-Cut)、S形波浪結構或表面粗糙化處理,藉以提升光線的入射效率和光耦合效率。In an embodiment of the present invention, the side entrance surface of the transparent substrate is formed on at least one side of the transparent substrate, which corresponds to the position of the light source, to allow the light emitted by the light source to enter the transparent substrate, and the side enters the light. The face may have a V-shaped structure (V-Cut), an S-shaped wave structure or a surface roughening treatment to improve the incidence efficiency and optical coupling efficiency of the light.
在本創作之一實施例中,此側入光面可為一平面,其實質垂直於發光面及反射面。In an embodiment of the present invention, the side entrance light surface may be a plane substantially perpendicular to the light emitting surface and the reflective surface.
在本創作之一實施例中,反射微結構可排列於透明基板的反射面上,反射微結構可連續或非連續地排列於反射面的全部或局部區域上。In one embodiment of the present invention, the reflective microstructures may be arranged on a reflective surface of the transparent substrate, and the reflective microstructures may be arranged continuously or discontinuously over all or a portion of the reflective surface.
在本創作之一實施例中,反射微結構的橫截面形狀可為三角形、矩形、梯形或半圓形。In one embodiment of the present invention, the cross-sectional shape of the reflective microstructure can be triangular, rectangular, trapezoidal or semi-circular.
在本創作之一實施例中,反射微結構可呈多個柱狀、圓錐、金字塔形或半球狀的形式。In one embodiment of the present invention, the reflective microstructure can be in the form of a plurality of columns, cones, pyramids or hemispheres.
在本創作之一實施例中,反射微結構可具有至少一寬深比(width-depth ratio),反射微結構的寬度約為500微米(um)~1500um,其深度約為50um~150um。In one embodiment of the present invention, the reflective microstructure can have at least one width-depth ratio, and the reflective microstructure has a width of about 500 micrometers (um) to 1500 um and a depth of about 50 um to 150 um.
在本創作之一實施例中,藉由調整反射微結構的寬深比(W/D),可調整照明燈具的亮度分佈。In one embodiment of the present invention, the brightness distribution of the lighting fixture can be adjusted by adjusting the aspect ratio (W/D) of the reflective microstructure.
在本創作之一實施例中,照明燈具的每一反射微結構的寬深比可等於大於10。In one embodiment of the present invention, the width to depth ratio of each reflective microstructure of the lighting fixture can be equal to greater than ten.
在本創作之一實施例中,照明燈具的每一反射微結構的寬深比可約為10~30。In one embodiment of the present invention, each of the reflective microstructures of the lighting fixture may have a width to depth ratio of about 10 to 30.
在本創作之一實施例中,照明燈具的每一反射微結構的寬深 比可約為13~27。In one embodiment of the present invention, the width and depth of each reflective microstructure of the lighting fixture The ratio can be about 13~27.
在本創作之一實施例中,照明燈具的光源可為冷陰極螢光燈管(Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp,CCFL)、熱陰極螢光燈(Hot Cathode Fluorescent Lamp,HCFL)、發光二極體(Light-Emitting Diode,LED)、有機發光二極體(Organic Light Emitting Diode,OLED)、平面螢光燈(Flat Fluorescent Lamp,FFL)、電激發光組件(Electro-Luminescence,EL)、發光燈條(Light Bar)、無極燈或上述的任意組合。In one embodiment of the present invention, the light source of the lighting fixture may be a Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp (CCFL), a Hot Cathode Fluorescent Lamp (HCFL), or a Light Emitting Diode (Light). -Emitting Diode,LED),Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED), Flat Fluorescent Lamp (FFL), Electro-Luminescence (EL), Light Bar (Light) Bar), electrodeless lamp or any combination of the above.
在本創作之一實施例中,外殼體可利用螺絲來固定於支撐面上,外殼體可設有多個螺孔,螺孔可設置於外殼體的外側。In an embodiment of the present invention, the outer casing may be fixed to the support surface by screws, and the outer casing may be provided with a plurality of screw holes, and the screw holes may be disposed outside the outer casing.
如上所述,本創作的照明燈具可直接安裝於建築物的支撐面上,用於提供間接照明,避免眩光。由於光源的光線僅通過一次反射,即可發出來作為間接照明,因而可減少光能的耗損,提高光線的利用率,更可達到節能的效果。As mentioned above, the lighting fixture of the present invention can be directly mounted on the support surface of the building for providing indirect illumination and avoiding glare. Since the light of the light source is emitted only once, it can be emitted as indirect illumination, thereby reducing the loss of light energy, improving the utilization of light, and achieving energy saving effects.
110‧‧‧外殼體110‧‧‧ outer casing
111‧‧‧開口111‧‧‧ openings
112‧‧‧容室112‧‧ ‧ room
113‧‧‧螺孔113‧‧‧ screw holes
121‧‧‧發光面121‧‧‧Lighting surface
120‧‧‧透明基板120‧‧‧Transparent substrate
123‧‧‧側入光面123‧‧‧Side into the glossy side
122‧‧‧反射面122‧‧‧reflecting surface
130‧‧‧光源130‧‧‧Light source
124‧‧‧反射微結構124‧‧‧Reflective microstructure
140‧‧‧螺絲140‧‧‧ screws
圖1顯示依照本創作的一實施例的照明燈具在天花板上的剖面示意圖;圖2顯示依照本創作的一實施例的照明燈具安裝在牆壁上的剖面示意圖;及圖3顯示依照本創作的一實施例的照明燈具固定於天花板上的剖面示意圖。1 is a cross-sectional view of a lighting fixture according to an embodiment of the present invention on a ceiling; FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a lighting fixture mounted on a wall according to an embodiment of the present invention; and FIG. 3 shows a A schematic cross-sectional view of a lighting fixture of an embodiment secured to a ceiling.
為了讓本創作之上述及其他目的、特徵、優點能更明顯易 懂,下文將特舉本創作較佳實施例,並配合所附圖式,作詳細說明如下。再者,本創作所提到的方向用語,例如上、下、頂、底、前、後、左、右、內、外、側面、周圍、中央、水準、橫向、垂直、縱向、軸向、徑向、最上層或最下層等,僅是參考附加圖式的方向。因此,使用的方向用語是用以說明及理解本創作,而非用以限制本創作。In order to make the above and other purposes, features and advantages of this creation more obvious It is to be understood that the preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. Furthermore, the directional terms mentioned in this creation, such as top, bottom, top, bottom, front, back, left, right, inside, outside, side, surrounding, center, level, horizontal, vertical, vertical, axial, Radial, uppermost or lowermost, etc., only refer to the direction of the additional schema. Therefore, the directional terminology used is used to describe and understand the creation, and is not intended to limit the creation.
附圖和說明被認為在本質上是示出性的,而不是限制性的。在圖中,結構相似的單元是以相同標號表示。另外,為了理解和便於描述,附圖中示出的每個元件的尺寸和厚度是任意示出的,但是本創作不限於此。The drawings and the description are to be regarded as illustrative rather than restrictive. In the figures, structurally similar elements are denoted by the same reference numerals. In addition, the size and thickness of each element shown in the drawings are arbitrarily shown for the sake of understanding and convenience of description, but the present creation is not limited thereto.
在附圖中,為了清晰起見,誇大了層、膜、面板、區域等的厚度。在附圖中,為了理解和便於描述,誇大了一些層和區域的厚度。將理解的是,當例如層、膜、區域或基底的元件被稱作“在”另一元件“上”時,所述元件可以直接在所述另一元件上,或者也可以存在中間元件。In the figures, the thickness of layers, films, panels, regions, etc. are exaggerated for clarity. In the drawings, the thickness of layers and regions are exaggerated for the purposes of illustration and description. It will be understood that when an element such as a layer, a film, a region or a substrate is referred to as "on" another element, the element may be directly on the other element or the intermediate element may be present.
具體實施方式在下文將參考所附附圖來更完整地描述本創作的實施例,附圖中示出了本創作的實施例。然而,本創作可以以許多不同的形式來體現,且不應被看作是限於本文闡述的實施例。相反,這些實施例提供成以便該公開內容將更徹底且完整,以及將向本領域中的技術人員完整傳達本創作的範圍。相似的標號在各處表示相似的元件。DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Embodiments of the present writing will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings in which FIG. However, the present invention may be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and the scope of the present invention will be fully conveyed by those skilled in the art. Like numbers refer to like elements throughout.
儘管本文可使用用語第一、第二等來描述各種元件,但將理解的是,這些元件將不受這些用語限制。這些用語僅用於將一個元件與另一個區分開。例如,在不脫離本創作的範圍的情況下,第一元件可稱為第二元件,且同樣地,第二元件可稱為第一元件。如本文中使用的,用語〃和/或〃包括一個或多個相關聯的所列出項目的任何組合和所有組合。Although the terms first, second, etc. may be used herein to describe various elements, it will be understood that these elements are not limited by these terms. These terms are only used to distinguish one element from another. For example, a first element could be termed a second element, and a second element could be termed a first element, without departing from the scope of the present invention. As used herein, the terms / and/or 〃 include any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
可理解的是,當組件(如,層、區或基底)稱為〃在〃另一個組件上或延伸〃到〃另一個組件上時,其可直接在另一組件上或直接延伸到另一個組件上,或還可存在介入的組件。相反,當元件稱為〃直接在〃另一個組件上或〃直接延伸到〃另一個組件上時,這裡不存在介入的組件。還將理解的是,當元件稱為〃連接〃或〃聯接〃到另一個元件上時,其可直接連接或聯接到另一元件上,或可存在介入的組件。相反,當元件稱為〃直接地連接〃或〃直接地聯接〃到另一個元件上時,這裡不存連接介入的元件。It will be understood that when an element (eg, layer, region, or substrate) is referred to as being on another component or extending to another component, it can be directly on the other component or directly There may also be intervening components on the component. Conversely, when an element is referred to as being "directly" on another component or directly extending to the other component, there is no intervening component. It will also be understood that when an element is referred to as a 〃 〃 or 〃 〃 〃 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 In contrast, when an element is referred to as a 〃 directly connected 〃 or 〃 is directly coupled to the other element, the intervening element is not present.
本文中使用的用語僅出於描述具體實施例的目的,而不旨在限制本創作。如本文中使用的,單數形式〃一個〃、〃一種〃以及〃這"旨在也包括複數形式,除非上下文以其它方式清楚地指出。還將理解的是,當用語“包括”、“包含”、“具有”和/或“設有”在本文中使用時,指定陳述的特徵、整體、步驟、操作、元件,和/或構件的存在,但不排除一個或多個其它特徵、整體、步驟、操作、元件、構件,和/或它們的組合的存在或附加。The terms used herein are for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and are not intended to be limiting. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an", "the" and "the" are intended to include the plural unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It will also be understood that when the terms "include", "include" The use of the features, the whole, the steps, the operations, the elements, and/or the components of the specification, as used herein, are not intended to exclude one or more other features, integers, steps. The presence or addition of operations, elements, components, and/or combinations thereof.
除非另外限定,否則本文中使用的所有用語(包括技術用語和科學用語)都具有如由本創作所屬的領域中的普通技術人員通常理解的相同意義。將進一步理解的是,本文中使用的用語應解釋為具有與該說明書的上下文和相關領域中的其意義一致的意義,且不應以理想化或過度形式化的意義來解釋,除非本文明確地這樣限定。All terms (including technical and scientific terms) used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs, unless otherwise defined. It will be further understood that the terms used herein are to be interpreted as having a meaning that is consistent with the meaning of the context of the specification and the related art, and should not be construed in an idealized or overly formalized meaning unless specifically This is limited.
除非另外明確陳述,否則比較性數量用語(如,〃較少〃和〃較大〃)旨在涵蓋相等的概念。舉例來說,〃較少的〃不僅可意指嚴格的數學意義上的〃較少〃,而且意指〃少於或等於"。Unless explicitly stated otherwise, comparative quantitative terms (eg, less 〃 and 〃 larger) are intended to cover the same concept. For example, less 〃 can mean not only a strict mathematical sense, but also less than or equal to ".
請參照圖1及圖2,圖1顯示依照本創作的一實施例的照明燈具在天花板上的剖面示意圖,圖2顯示依照本創作的一實施例的照明燈具安裝在牆壁上的剖面示意圖。本創作的照明燈具可設置於房間室內或戶外環境,用於室內或戶外照明。更具體地,本創作的照明燈具可設置於或安裝於建築物的支撐面上,例如室內的天花板(如天花板板材)、牆壁或玻璃基板上,或者戶外建築的外牆或玻璃帷幕上。1 and FIG. 2, FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a lighting fixture according to an embodiment of the present invention on a ceiling, and FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a lighting fixture mounted on a wall according to an embodiment of the present invention. The lighting fixtures of this creation can be placed indoors or outdoors, for indoor or outdoor lighting. More specifically, the lighting fixture of the present invention can be placed or mounted on a support surface of a building, such as an indoor ceiling (such as a ceiling panel), a wall or a glass substrate, or an exterior wall or glass curtain of an outdoor building.
如圖1及圖2所示,本實施例的照明燈具可包括外殼體110、透明基板120及至少一光源130。透明基板120及光源130是裝設於外殼體110內。光源130是位於透明基板120的至少一側,用於發出光線至透明基板120內。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 , the lighting fixture of the embodiment may include an outer casing 110 , a transparent substrate 120 , and at least one light source 130 . The transparent substrate 120 and the light source 130 are mounted in the outer casing 110. The light source 130 is located on at least one side of the transparent substrate 120 for emitting light into the transparent substrate 120.
當本實施例的照明燈具用於室內或戶外照明時,外殼體110可安裝於建築物的支撐面上(例如室內的天花板、牆壁或玻璃基板上,或者戶外建築的外牆或玻璃帷幕上),以承載透明基板120及光源130,而僅外露出透明基板120的發光面121。當照明燈具提供照明時,光源130所發出的光線可進入透明基板120內,並通過發光面121來發出至房間內或戶外。When the lighting fixture of the embodiment is used for indoor or outdoor lighting, the outer casing 110 can be mounted on a supporting surface of a building (for example, an indoor ceiling, a wall or a glass substrate, or an exterior wall of an outdoor building or a glass curtain). The transparent substrate 120 and the light source 130 are carried, and only the light-emitting surface 121 of the transparent substrate 120 is exposed. When the lighting fixture provides illumination, the light emitted by the light source 130 can enter the transparent substrate 120 and be emitted into the room or outdoors through the light emitting surface 121.
如圖1及圖2所示,照明燈具的外殼體110可由不透光材料所製成,例如為金屬材料、塑化材料或上述材料的組合。外殼體110可由高導熱性的金屬材料所製成,以提升照明燈具的散熱效率。外殼體110具有開口111及至少一容室112,開口111是朝向室內或戶外,用於暴露出透明基板120的發光面121,容室112是位於開口111的至少一側,並連通於開口111,用於容設光源130。As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the outer casing 110 of the lighting fixture can be made of an opaque material, such as a metallic material, a plasticized material, or a combination of the foregoing. The outer casing 110 can be made of a highly thermally conductive metal material to improve the heat dissipation efficiency of the lighting fixture. The outer casing 110 has an opening 111 and at least one chamber 112. The opening 111 is facing indoors or outdoors for exposing the light emitting surface 121 of the transparent substrate 120. The chamber 112 is located at least on one side of the opening 111 and communicates with the opening 111. For accommodating the light source 130.
如圖1及圖2所示,本實施例的照明燈具100的透明基板120 可為全透明或半透明,透明基板120可製成平板形結構,且透明基板120可為任何形狀的平板,例如為矩形、圓形、橢圓形、長方形、三角形或不規則形。透明基板120的材料例如為玻璃、含矽材料、光硬化型樹脂、聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯(PMMA)或聚碳酸酯(PC)。當照明燈具100應用於戶外照明時,此透明基板120可為強化玻璃,以提升其基板強度及耐用度。在透明基板120材料中可混入有使用了透明或者白色顏料的光漫射材料。透明基板120可具有發光面121、反射面122、側入光面123及反射微結構124。發光面121是位於透明基板120的正面,用以允許光線由透明基板120的內部發出至外界環境。反射面122是位於透明基板120的底面,且相對於發光面121。其中,由外殼體110所外露的發光面121可為任何形狀,例如為矩形、圓形、橢圓形、長方形、三角形或不規則形,以提供各種形狀的平面照明。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the transparent substrate 120 of the lighting fixture 100 of the present embodiment The transparent substrate 120 can be made into a flat plate-shaped structure, and the transparent substrate 120 can be a flat plate of any shape, such as a rectangle, a circle, an ellipse, a rectangle, a triangle, or an irregular shape. The material of the transparent substrate 120 is, for example, glass, a ruthenium-containing material, a photocurable resin, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) or polycarbonate (PC). When the lighting fixture 100 is applied to outdoor lighting, the transparent substrate 120 may be tempered glass to enhance its substrate strength and durability. A light diffusing material using a transparent or white pigment may be mixed in the material of the transparent substrate 120. The transparent substrate 120 may have a light emitting surface 121, a reflective surface 122, a side light incident surface 123, and a reflective microstructure 124. The light emitting surface 121 is located on the front surface of the transparent substrate 120 to allow light to be emitted from the inside of the transparent substrate 120 to the external environment. The reflecting surface 122 is located on the bottom surface of the transparent substrate 120 and is opposite to the light emitting surface 121. The light emitting surface 121 exposed by the outer casing 110 may be any shape, such as rectangular, circular, elliptical, rectangular, triangular or irregular, to provide planar illumination of various shapes.
如圖1及圖2所示,透明基板120的側入光面123是形成於透明基板120的至少一側,其對應于光源130的位置,用以允許光源130所發出的光線可進入透明基板120內。在一實施例中,此側入光面123可具有例如V形結構(V-Cut)、S形波浪結構或表面粗糙化處理(未繪示),藉以提升光線的入射效率和光耦合效率。在本實施例中,此側入光面123可為一平面,其實質垂直於發光面121及反射面122。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the side light incident surface 123 of the transparent substrate 120 is formed on at least one side of the transparent substrate 120, which corresponds to the position of the light source 130, to allow the light emitted by the light source 130 to enter the transparent substrate. 120 inside. In an embodiment, the side entrance surface 123 may have, for example, a V-shaped structure (V-Cut), an S-shaped wave structure, or a surface roughening treatment (not shown), thereby improving the incidence efficiency and optical coupling efficiency of the light. In this embodiment, the side light incident surface 123 can be a plane substantially perpendicular to the light emitting surface 121 and the reflective surface 122.
本實施例的反射微結構124可排列於透明基板120的反射面122上,反射微結構124可連續或非連續地排列於反射面122的全部或局部區域上。反射微結構124的橫截面形狀可為三角形、矩形、梯形或半圓形。或者,反射微結構124可呈多個柱狀、圓錐、金字塔形或半球狀的形式。又,反射微結構124的底面可為多邊形、圓形、不規則形狀或任意形狀。其中, 反射微結構124可具有至少一寬深比(width-depth ratio,W/D)。值得說明的是,反射微結構124的寬深比是表示反射微結構124的寬度與深度的比值(W/D)。此寬度W是反射微結構124在反射面122上所形成的凹陷開口寬度,深度為反射微結構124在反射面122上所形成的凹陷深度。在本實施例中,反射微結構124的寬度約為500微米(um)~1500um,其深度約為50um~150um。The reflective microstructures 124 of the present embodiment can be arranged on the reflective surface 122 of the transparent substrate 120. The reflective microstructures 124 can be arranged continuously or discontinuously on all or part of the reflective surface 122. The cross-sectional shape of the reflective microstructure 124 can be triangular, rectangular, trapezoidal or semi-circular. Alternatively, the reflective microstructures 124 can be in the form of a plurality of columns, cones, pyramids or hemispheres. Also, the bottom surface of the reflective microstructure 124 can be polygonal, circular, irregular, or any shape. among them, The reflective microstructure 124 can have at least one width-depth ratio (W/D). It is worth noting that the aspect ratio of the reflective microstructures 124 is the ratio of the width to the depth of the reflective microstructures 124 (W/D). This width W is the width of the recessed opening formed by the reflective microstructure 124 on the reflective surface 122, and the depth is the depth of the recess formed by the reflective microstructure 124 on the reflective surface 122. In this embodiment, the reflective microstructure 124 has a width of about 500 micrometers (um) to 1500 um and a depth of about 50 um to 150 um.
在一實施例中,通過反射微結構124的寬深比(W/D),可調整照明燈具100的亮度分佈。實際上,在透明基板120上的每個反射微結構124之間的寬深比可能會有微小的差異,而本實施例的照明燈具100的每一反射微結構124的寬深比可位於一適當寬深比範圍,例如等於大於10,使得照明燈具100所發出光線的亮度分佈符合預期的照明要求,亦即透明基板120內部的光線可傳遞至適當的距離,且照明燈具100的亮度可高於預期亮度。在一實施例中,反射微結構124的寬深比可約為10~30,以調整照明燈具100的亮度分佈。在一實施例中,反射微結構124的寬深比可約為13~27,以調整照明燈具100的亮度分佈。In an embodiment, the brightness distribution of the lighting fixture 100 can be adjusted by the aspect ratio (W/D) of the reflective microstructures 124. In fact, there may be a slight difference in the aspect ratio between each of the reflective microstructures 124 on the transparent substrate 120, and the width-to-depth ratio of each of the reflective microstructures 124 of the illumination fixture 100 of the present embodiment may be located at a The appropriate aspect ratio range, for example, equal to more than 10, enables the brightness distribution of the light emitted by the lighting fixture 100 to meet the expected lighting requirements, that is, the light inside the transparent substrate 120 can be transmitted to an appropriate distance, and the brightness of the lighting fixture 100 can be high. Expected brightness. In an embodiment, the reflective microstructure 124 may have a width to depth ratio of about 10 to 30 to adjust the brightness distribution of the lighting fixture 100. In an embodiment, the reflective microstructure 124 may have a width to depth ratio of about 13-27 to adjust the brightness distribution of the lighting fixture 100.
如圖1及圖2所示,照明燈具的光源130是設置於外殼體110的容室112內,並面對於透明基板120的側入光面123,用於發出光線來通過側入光面123。光源130可例如為冷陰極螢光燈管(Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp,CCFL)、熱陰極螢光燈(Hot Cathode Fluorescent Lamp,HCFL)、發光二極體(Light-Emitting Diode,LED)、有機發光二極體(Organic Light Emitting Diode,OLED)、平面螢光燈(Flat Fluorescent Lamp,FFL)、電激發光組件(Electro-Luminescence,EL)、發光燈條(Light Bar)、無極燈或上述的 任意組合。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the light source 130 of the illumination lamp is disposed in the chamber 112 of the outer casing 110, and faces the side entrance surface 123 of the transparent substrate 120 for emitting light to pass through the side entrance surface 123. . The light source 130 can be, for example, a Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp (CCFL), a Hot Cathode Fluorescent Lamp (HCFL), a Light-Emitting Diode (LED), and an Organic Light Emitting Diode. Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED), Flat Fluorescent Lamp (FFL), Electro-Luminescence (EL), Light Bar, Induction Lamp or the above random combination.
在一實施例中,光源130可為LED發光燈條,其包括LED元件(未顯示)及基板(未顯示),LED元件為表面安裝型的LED封裝體。將該LED封裝體沿著基板的長度方向以直線狀排列多個。LED封裝體大致由配設在以陶瓷或合成樹脂而形成的空腔內的LED晶片、及將該LED晶片密封的環氧系樹脂或矽酮(silicone)樹脂等的鑄模用的透光性樹脂而構成。LED晶片可為發出藍色光的LED晶片。透光性樹脂中混入螢光體,為了能夠射出白色光,而使用放射出與藍色的光存在補色關係的黃色系的光的黃色螢光體。In an embodiment, the light source 130 can be an LED light bar comprising an LED component (not shown) and a substrate (not shown), the LED component being a surface mount LED package. The LED package is arranged in a plurality of lines in a straight line along the longitudinal direction of the substrate. The LED package is substantially made of an LED chip disposed in a cavity formed of ceramic or synthetic resin, and a translucent resin for molding a resin such as an epoxy resin or a silicone resin that seals the LED wafer. And constitute. The LED wafer can be an LED chip that emits blue light. A phosphor is mixed into the light-transmitting resin, and a yellow phosphor that emits yellow light having a complementary color relationship with blue light is used in order to emit white light.
照明燈具100可更包括適配器(未顯示)及點燈裝置(未顯示),點燈裝置可包括在箱狀的外殼內收容著電路基板及安裝在該基板的電路零件,點燈裝置可經由適配器而與商用交流電源連接,且接收該交流電源而生成直流輸出。因此,點燈裝置可與光源130電性連接,而將該直流電輸出供給至光源130,以對光源130進行點燈控制。此點燈裝置可位於並安裝在外殼體110的外部或內部(例如容室112內)。The lighting fixture 100 may further include an adapter (not shown) and a lighting device (not shown). The lighting device may include a circuit board and a circuit component mounted on the substrate in a box-shaped casing, and the lighting device may be via an adapter. It is connected to a commercial AC power source and receives the AC power to generate a DC output. Therefore, the lighting device can be electrically connected to the light source 130, and the direct current output is supplied to the light source 130 to perform lighting control of the light source 130. This lighting device can be located and mounted externally or internally to the outer casing 110 (e.g., within the chamber 112).
請參照圖3,其顯示依照本創作的一實施例的照明燈具固定於天花板上的剖面示意圖。在一實施例中,外殼體110可利用螺絲140來固定於支撐面(例如天花板板材或牆壁)上。外殼體110可設有多個螺孔113,螺孔113可設置於外殼體110的外側。因此,利用螺絲140與外殼體110的螺孔113的螺固,可固定外殼體110於支撐面上。然不限於此,照明燈具的外殼體110亦可利用其他固定元件或輔助元件(未顯示)來固定於支撐面上。Please refer to FIG. 3, which shows a cross-sectional view of a lighting fixture fixed to a ceiling according to an embodiment of the present invention. In an embodiment, the outer casing 110 can be secured to a support surface (eg, a ceiling panel or wall) using screws 140. The outer casing 110 may be provided with a plurality of screw holes 113, and the screw holes 113 may be disposed outside the outer casing 110. Therefore, the outer casing 110 can be fixed to the support surface by the screwing of the screw 140 and the screw hole 113 of the outer casing 110. Rather, the outer casing 110 of the luminaire may be secured to the support surface by other securing elements or auxiliary elements (not shown).
當照明燈具固定於天花板上時,照明燈具的外殼體110可安裝於天花板的支撐架上,外殼體110的尺寸或其至少一長度是至少大於相鄰 支撐架之間的天花板開口的寬度。依照天花板規格的不同,相鄰支撐架之間的天花板開口的寬度可為910mm~450mm,例如910mm、900mm、600mm、590mm、455mm或450mm。如此,當照明燈具安裝於天花板的支撐架之間時,外殼體110的兩側或至少一側可接觸到天花板的支撐架,且外殼體110的兩側或至少一側可支撐架。因此,藉由照明燈具的外殼體110與天花板的支撐架之間的固定,可安裝照明燈具於天花板上,且外殼體110的開口111所暴露出的發光面121是位於支撐架之間的天花板開口內。在一實施例中,照明燈具的發光面121的尺寸可實質等於略小於天花板開口(或天花板板材)的尺寸,例如910mm*455mm、600mm*600mm或910mm*910mm。或者,發光面121的長度可實質等於略小於天花板開口的寬度W,例如910mm、900mm、600mm、590mm、455mm或450mm。因此,本創作的照明燈具可取代至少一片天花板板材來安裝於天花板上,並同時提供照明。When the lighting fixture is fixed to the ceiling, the outer casing 110 of the lighting fixture can be mounted on the support bracket of the ceiling, and the size of the outer casing 110 or at least one length thereof is at least greater than adjacent The width of the ceiling opening between the support frames. Depending on the ceiling specifications, the ceiling opening between adjacent support frames may have a width of 910 mm to 450 mm, such as 910 mm, 900 mm, 600 mm, 590 mm, 455 mm or 450 mm. As such, when the lighting fixtures are mounted between the support frames of the ceiling, the sides or at least one side of the outer casing 110 may contact the support bracket of the ceiling, and both sides or at least one side of the outer casing 110 may support the brackets. Therefore, by fixing between the outer casing 110 of the lighting fixture and the support frame of the ceiling, the lighting fixture can be mounted on the ceiling, and the light emitting surface 121 exposed by the opening 111 of the outer casing 110 is the ceiling between the supporting brackets. Inside the opening. In an embodiment, the size of the light emitting face 121 of the lighting fixture may be substantially equal to the size of the ceiling opening (or ceiling panel), such as 910 mm * 455 mm, 600 mm * 600 mm or 910 mm * 910 mm. Alternatively, the length of the light emitting face 121 may be substantially equal to a width W that is slightly less than the ceiling opening, such as 910 mm, 900 mm, 600 mm, 590 mm, 455 mm, or 450 mm. Therefore, the lighting fixture of the present creation can replace at least one ceiling panel to be mounted on the ceiling while providing illumination.
當本實施例的照明燈具100例如用於室內照明時,殼體110可安裝於室內的牆壁或天花板上,以承載透明基板120及光源130,而僅外露出透明基板120的發光面121。當照明燈具100提供照明時,光源130所發出的光線可進入透明基板120內,並被反射面122上的反射微結構124或點圖案(未顯示)所進行一次反射,使得透明基板120內部的光線可經由發光面121來發出至房間內(外界環境)。When the lighting fixture 100 of the present embodiment is used for indoor lighting, for example, the housing 110 can be mounted on a wall or ceiling of the room to carry the transparent substrate 120 and the light source 130, and only the light emitting surface 121 of the transparent substrate 120 is exposed. When the illumination fixture 100 provides illumination, the light emitted by the light source 130 can enter the transparent substrate 120 and be reflected by the reflective microstructure 124 or dot pattern (not shown) on the reflective surface 122, such that the interior of the transparent substrate 120 Light can be emitted to the room (outside environment) via the light emitting surface 121.
當照明燈具100提供照明時,光源130所發出的光線可通過側入光面123來進入透明基板120內,而在透明基板120的內部傳遞。通過反射面122上的反射微結構124可破壞光線的全反射傳遞,使得透明基板120內部 的光線被反射至出光面121之外。值得注意的是,此時,通過反射微結構124的適當寬深比(W/D),可調整照明燈具100的亮度分佈。When the lighting fixture 100 provides illumination, the light emitted by the light source 130 can enter the transparent substrate 120 through the side entrance surface 123 and be transmitted inside the transparent substrate 120. The total reflection transmission of light can be destroyed by the reflective microstructures 124 on the reflective surface 122, such that the interior of the transparent substrate 120 The light is reflected outside the light exit surface 121. It is worth noting that at this time, the brightness distribution of the lighting fixture 100 can be adjusted by the appropriate aspect ratio (W/D) of the reflective microstructures 124.
由上述可知,本創作的照明燈具可直接安裝於建築物的支撐面上,例如天花板或牆壁上,用於提供間接照明,避免眩光。由於光源的光線僅通過一次反射,即可發出來作為間接照明,因而可減少光能的耗損,提高光線的利用率,更可達到節能的效果。It can be seen from the above that the lighting fixture of the present invention can be directly installed on a supporting surface of a building, such as a ceiling or a wall, for providing indirect illumination and avoiding glare. Since the light of the light source is emitted only once, it can be emitted as indirect illumination, thereby reducing the loss of light energy, improving the utilization of light, and achieving energy saving effects.
這些例示性的實施例的各種態樣是本領域技術者在將它們的工作的內容傳達給其他本領域技術者時所常用的用詞來描述于本文中。然而,本領域技術者將可瞭解的是,本創作的實施例可以只用某些被描述的態樣來實施。為了說明的目的,特定的數量、材料及組態被提出,用以提供對於本創作的實體例的完整的瞭解。然而,本領域技術者將可瞭解的是,本創作的實施例可在沒有特定的細節下被實施。在其它例子中,習知的特徵被省略或被簡化以避免遮蔽了示範性的實施例。Various aspects of these illustrative embodiments are described herein by those of ordinary skill in the art in the context of the teachings of those skilled in the art. However, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that embodiments of the present teachings can be implemented with only certain described aspects. For the purposes of illustration, specific quantities, materials, and configurations are presented to provide a complete understanding of the physical examples of the present invention. However, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the embodiments of the present invention can be implemented without specific details. In other instances, well-known features are omitted or simplified to avoid obscuring the exemplary embodiments.
“在一些實施例中”及“在各種實施例中”等用語被重複地使用。該用語通常不是指相同的實施例;但它亦可以是指相同的實施例。“包含”、“具有”及“包括”等用詞是同義詞,除非其前後文意顯示出其它意思。Terms such as "in some embodiments" and "in various embodiments" are used repeatedly. The term generally does not refer to the same embodiment; however, it may also refer to the same embodiment. Terms such as "including", "having" and "including" are synonymous, unless the context is intended to mean otherwise.
雖然本創作已以較佳實施例揭露,然其並非用以限制本創作,任何熟習此項技藝之人士,在不脫離本創作之精神和範圍內,當可作各種更動與修飾,因此本創作之保護範圍當視後附之申請專利範圍所界定者為準。Although the present invention has been disclosed in its preferred embodiments, it is not intended to limit the present invention, and anyone skilled in the art can make various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The scope of protection is subject to the definition of the scope of the patent application.
110‧‧‧外殼體110‧‧‧ outer casing
111‧‧‧開口111‧‧‧ openings
112‧‧‧容室112‧‧ ‧ room
120‧‧‧透明基板120‧‧‧Transparent substrate
121‧‧‧發光面121‧‧‧Lighting surface
122‧‧‧反射面122‧‧‧reflecting surface
123‧‧‧側入光面123‧‧‧Side into the glossy side
124‧‧‧反射微結構124‧‧‧Reflective microstructure
130‧‧‧光源130‧‧‧Light source

Claims (10)

  1. 一種照明燈具,包括:一外殼體,具有一開口及至少一容室,其中該容室是位於該開口的至少一側,該外殼體是安裝於一建築物的支撐面上;一透明基板,設置於該外殼體內,並由該外殼體的該開口暴露出該透明基板的一發光面;以及至少一光源,設置於該外殼體的該容室內,以發光至透明基板,該光源所發出的光線是經由該透明基板的該發光面來發出至外界。A lighting fixture comprising: an outer casing having an opening and at least one chamber, wherein the chamber is located on at least one side of the opening, the outer casing is mounted on a supporting surface of a building; a transparent substrate, Provided in the outer casing, and the opening of the outer casing exposes a light emitting surface of the transparent substrate; and at least one light source disposed in the housing of the outer casing to emit light to the transparent substrate, the light source emits Light is emitted to the outside through the light emitting surface of the transparent substrate.
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之照明燈具,其中該外殼體安裝於室內的天花板上、室內的牆壁上、戶外建築的外牆或玻璃帷幕上。The lighting fixture of claim 1, wherein the outer casing is mounted on an indoor ceiling, an indoor wall, an exterior wall of an outdoor building, or a glass curtain.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之照明燈具,其中該透明基板的形狀為矩形、圓形、橢圓形、長方形、三角形或不規則形。The lighting fixture of claim 1, wherein the transparent substrate has a shape of a rectangle, a circle, an ellipse, a rectangle, a triangle or an irregular shape.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之照明燈具,其中該外殼體是利用至少一螺絲來固定於該支撐面上,該外殼體設有多個螺孔,該些螺孔設置於該外殼體的外側。The lighting fixture of claim 1, wherein the outer casing is fixed to the supporting surface by using at least one screw, the outer casing is provided with a plurality of screw holes, and the screw holes are disposed on the outer casing Outside.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之照明燈具,其中該外殼體所外露的該發光面的形狀為矩形、圓形、橢圓形、長方形、三角形或不規則形。The lighting fixture of claim 1, wherein the exposed surface of the outer casing has a shape of a rectangle, a circle, an ellipse, a rectangle, a triangle or an irregular shape.
  6. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之照明燈具,其中該側入光面是形成於該透明基板的至少一側,其對應于該光源的位置,用以 允許該光源所發出的光線可進入該透明基板,該側入光面具有V形結構、S形波浪結構或表面粗糙化處理。The lighting fixture of claim 1, wherein the side light incident surface is formed on at least one side of the transparent substrate, corresponding to a position of the light source, for The light emitted by the light source is allowed to enter the transparent substrate, and the side entrance surface has a V-shaped structure, an S-shaped wave structure or a surface roughening treatment.
  7. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之照明燈具,其中複數個反射微結構排列於該透明基板的反射面上,該些反射微結構是連續或非連續地排列於該反射面上。The lighting fixture of claim 1, wherein the plurality of reflective microstructures are arranged on the reflective surface of the transparent substrate, and the reflective microstructures are arranged continuously or discontinuously on the reflective surface.
  8. 如申請專利範圍第7項所述之照明燈具,其中該些反射微結構是呈多個柱狀、多個圓錐、多個金字塔形或多個半球狀。The lighting fixture of claim 7, wherein the reflective microstructures are in the form of a plurality of columns, a plurality of cones, a plurality of pyramids or a plurality of hemispheres.
  9. 如申請專利範圍第7項所述之照明燈具,其中每一該些反射微結構的寬深比是等於大於10。The lighting fixture of claim 7, wherein each of the reflective microstructures has a width to depth ratio equal to or greater than 10.
  10. 如申請專利範圍第9項所述之照明燈具,其中每一該些反射微結構的寬深比為10~30。The lighting fixture of claim 9, wherein each of the reflective microstructures has a width to depth ratio of 10 to 30.
TW104211331U 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Lighting fixture TWM512098U (en)

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TW104211331U TWM512098U (en) 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Lighting fixture
JP2015004901U JP3201464U (en) 2015-07-14 2015-09-28 Lighting fixture
JP2016002583U JP3205851U (en) 2015-07-14 2016-06-06 Lighting fixture

Publications (1)

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TWM512098U true TWM512098U (en) 2015-11-11

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JP3201464U (en) 2015-12-10
JP3205851U (en) 2016-08-18

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