TWM507506U - Direct expansion heat recovery energy saving device - Google Patents

Direct expansion heat recovery energy saving device Download PDF

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Publication number
TWM507506U
TWM507506U TW104207032U TW104207032U TWM507506U TW M507506 U TWM507506 U TW M507506U TW 104207032 U TW104207032 U TW 104207032U TW 104207032 U TW104207032 U TW 104207032U TW M507506 U TWM507506 U TW M507506U
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Taiwan
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condenser
heat recovery
compressor
evaporator
heat
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TW104207032U
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Chinese (zh)
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Wei-Yi Chiang
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Wei-Yi Chiang
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直膨熱回收節能裝置Direct expansion heat recovery energy saving device

本創作屬空調技術領域,特別係指一種直膨多重熱回收節能裝置,尤適於應用在要求溫度、濕度控制之場所,本創作僅需啟動壓縮機,藉由熱回收,即可同時具有冷卻、除濕、再熱與加濕功能。This creation belongs to the field of air-conditioning technology, especially refers to a direct expansion multiple heat recovery energy-saving device, which is especially suitable for applications where temperature and humidity control are required. This creation only needs to start the compressor, and it can be cooled at the same time by heat recovery. Dehumidification, reheating and humidification.

我國為海島型氣候的地方,一年四季中,大部份日子為多濕的天氣,各種產業為求達成產品品質的提昇或開發高科技的技術,已認知到空調溫控濕控的重要性。伴隨著時代的進步,各種產業為求達成產品品質的提昇或開發高科技的技術,其工作環境皆需要求恆溫恆濕的狀態,又如設置於資料中心中之諸多電子設備皆設有電路板及電子元件,倘若資料中心之周圍環境過於乾燥,電路板及電子元件之間容易產生靜電而造成損壞,亦或周圍環境過於潮濕,電路板及電子元件長期處於該環境下容易發生鏽蝕之缺失,因此諸如資料中心或其他工作環境均須要設置高效率的恆溫恆濕空調設備。China is an island-type climate. In most of the year, most of the days are wet weather. Various industries have realized the importance of temperature control and humidity control in order to achieve product quality improvement or develop high-tech technology. . Along with the progress of the times, various industries seek to achieve product quality improvement or develop high-tech technology, and their working environment needs to be in a state of constant temperature and humidity, and many electronic devices installed in the data center are provided with circuit boards. And electronic components, if the surrounding environment of the data center is too dry, the static electricity is easily generated between the circuit board and the electronic components, or the surrounding environment is too humid, and the circuit board and electronic components are prone to rust in the environment for a long time. Therefore, high-efficiency constant temperature and humidity air conditioning equipment must be installed in data centers or other working environments.

一般恆溫恆濕空調設備處理空氣的方式,是將室內空氣通過冷卻除濕盤管,使空氣同時作冷卻除濕兩種處理,直到達到低於室內空氣溫濕度要求的露點溫度後,再送風至室內,使室內空氣溫濕度同時降低。但在運轉過程中,室內空氣溫度比濕度容易先達到設定點。為了維持溫度 恆定,而冷卻除濕盤管可繼續除濕,因此在空氣通過冷卻除濕盤管後,設置加熱器加熱空氣,使室內空氣溫度維持恆定,直到室內空氣濕度達到設定點後,才控制降低冷卻除濕盤管的能量,惟利用電熱作為再熱裝置,其造價雖低,然而運轉電費卻很浪費。即傳統直膨恆溫恆濕系統的壓縮機只有冷卻與除濕功能,再熱與加濕功能都須採用電熱加熱器與電熱加濕器,為其缺失。Generally, the constant temperature and humidity air conditioning equipment processes the air by passing the indoor air through the cooling and dehumidifying coil, so that the air is simultaneously cooled and dehumidified, until the dew point temperature lower than the indoor air temperature and humidity is reached, and then the air is sent to the room. The indoor air temperature and humidity are simultaneously reduced. However, during operation, the indoor air temperature is easier to reach the set point than the humidity first. In order to maintain the temperature Constant, while the cooling dehumidification coil can continue to dehumidify, so after the air passes through the cooling dehumidification coil, the heater is set to heat the air, so that the indoor air temperature is kept constant until the indoor air humidity reaches the set point, then the cooling and dehumidification coil is controlled to be lowered. The energy, but the use of electric heat as a reheat device, its cost is low, but the running electricity bill is very wasteful. That is to say, the compressor of the conventional direct expansion constant temperature and humidity system has only the cooling and dehumidifying functions, and the reheating and humidifying functions must be replaced by an electric heater and an electric humidifier.

再者,傳統的熱交換器熱量散熱(或吸熱)均以控制該熱交換器的冷媒或空氣(或水)的流量,來達到所需的熱傳量,或溫、濕度條件,例如,控制熱交換器一次側流體(冷媒)的流量與溫差,以達到所需的熱交換量(高溫或低溫),或者是控制熱交換器二次側流體(水或空氣)的流量與溫差,以達到所需的熱交換量(高溫或低溫)。但因壓縮機冷媒吐出高壓側屬高壓氣體,一是流量較不易控制,二是控制冷媒流量、壓力變化時,會間接影響到壓縮機的運轉。Moreover, the heat dissipation (or heat absorption) of the conventional heat exchanger is to control the flow rate of the refrigerant or the air (or water) of the heat exchanger to achieve the required heat transfer amount, or temperature and humidity conditions, for example, control. The flow rate and temperature difference of the primary side fluid (refrigerant) of the heat exchanger to achieve the required heat exchange amount (high temperature or low temperature), or to control the flow rate and temperature difference of the secondary side fluid (water or air) of the heat exchanger to achieve The amount of heat exchange required (high or low temperature). However, because the compressor refrigerant discharges high-pressure gas is high-pressure gas, first, the flow rate is difficult to control, and second, when controlling the refrigerant flow rate and pressure change, it will indirectly affect the operation of the compressor.

因冷媒的系統不易控制,故有二次冷媒的系統,例如,冷凍的滷水系統、空調的冰水系統或熱水系統,以二次冷媒作為冷卻、除濕、加熱之用途,但系統會更複雜而龐大。亦即習用熱交換器散熱(或吸熱)均以控制該熱交換器的一次側流體(滷水、冰水或熱水等二次冷媒)的流量溫差,來達到所需的熱傳量,或溫、濕度條件,為其缺失。Because the refrigerant system is not easy to control, there are secondary refrigerant systems, such as frozen brine systems, air conditioning ice water systems or hot water systems, with secondary refrigerants for cooling, dehumidification, and heating, but the system is more complicated. And huge. That is, the conventional heat exchanger heats (or absorbs heat) to control the temperature difference of the flow of the primary side fluid (secondary refrigerant such as brine, ice water or hot water) to achieve the required heat transfer, or temperature. , humidity conditions, for which it is missing.

本案創作人鑒於前述習用技術之缺失,積其多年實際從事空調產品之設計施工等專業知識,經不斷研究、改良後,終有本創作之研創成功,公諸於世。In view of the lack of the aforementioned conventional technologies, the creators of this case have accumulated many years of practical knowledge in the design and construction of air-conditioning products. After continuous research and improvement, the creation of this creation has been successful and made public.

緣是,本創作之主要目的在提供一種直膨熱回收節能裝置,主要係由壓縮機、冷凝器、膨脹閥及蒸發器所連結構成完整冷凍循環,其特徵在於:該冷凝器係由第1冷凝器及第2冷凝器串連構成。The reason is that the main purpose of this creation is to provide a direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device, which is mainly composed of a compressor, a condenser, an expansion valve and an evaporator to form a complete refrigeration cycle, which is characterized in that the condenser is the first one. The condenser and the second condenser are connected in series.

本創作前述蒸發器係由第1蒸發器及第2蒸發器串連構成。In the creation of the evaporator described above, the first evaporator and the second evaporator are connected in series.

本創作另包括有串連的第3冷凝器及第4冷凝器,該串聯的第3冷凝器與第4冷凝器再與串連的第1冷凝器與第2冷凝器2個串連回路再並聯,並設有電磁閥(S)以控制啟動熱回收加熱或熱回收加濕功能。The present invention further includes a third condenser and a fourth condenser connected in series, and the third condenser and the fourth condenser connected in series are connected to the first condenser and the second condenser in series. Parallel, and equipped with a solenoid valve (S) to control the start heat recovery heating or heat recovery humidification function.

本創作前述第4冷凝器為加濕器。The fourth condenser described above is a humidifier.

本創作前述加濕器包括有外部水源控制裝置來控制加濕水位,高溫冷媒管路連結熱回收的高溫冷媒,加熱加濕水,產生濕氣,壓縮空氣管路連結空壓機,利用壓縮空氣產生氣泡,以增加空氣與水的接觸面積,增加加濕量。The humidifier of the present invention includes an external water source control device for controlling the humidification water level, a high temperature refrigerant pipe connecting the heat recovery high temperature refrigerant, heating the humidified water to generate moisture, and the compressed air pipe connecting the air compressor to utilize the compressed air. Air bubbles are generated to increase the contact area of air with water and increase the amount of humidification.

本創作另包括有第2壓縮機,該第2壓縮機係與壓縮機並連,再連結回原冷凍循環回路。The present invention further includes a second compressor that is connected to the compressor and connected back to the original refrigeration cycle.

(COM)‧‧‧壓縮機(COM)‧‧‧Compressors

(COM2)‧‧‧第2壓縮機(COM2)‧‧‧Second compressor

(CON)‧‧‧冷凝器(CON)‧‧‧Condenser

(CON1)‧‧‧第1冷凝器(CON1)‧‧‧1st condenser

(CON2)‧‧‧第2冷凝器(CON2)‧‧‧2nd condenser

(CON3)‧‧‧第3冷凝器(CON3)‧‧‧3rd condenser

(CON4)‧‧‧第4冷凝器(CON4) ‧ ‧ 4th condenser

(EXP)‧‧‧膨脹閥(EXP)‧‧‧Expansion valve

(EVP)‧‧‧蒸發器(EVP)‧‧Evaporator

(EVP1)‧‧‧第1蒸發器(EVP1)‧‧‧1st evaporator

(EVP2)‧‧‧第2蒸發器(EVP2)‧‧‧2nd evaporator

(HC)‧‧‧再熱盤管(HC) ‧ ‧ reheat coil

(CC)‧‧‧冷卻盤管(CC)‧‧‧Cooling coil

(S)‧‧‧電磁閥(S)‧‧‧ solenoid valve

(HR)‧‧‧加濕器(HR)‧‧‧Humidifier

(HRA)‧‧‧外部水源控制裝置(HRA)‧‧‧External water source control unit

(HRB)‧‧‧高溫冷媒管路(HRB)‧‧‧High temperature refrigerant piping

(HRC)‧‧‧壓縮空氣管路(HRC)‧‧‧Compressed air lines

(HRD)‧‧‧空壓機(HRD)‧‧ Air compressor

(1)‧‧‧機體(1) ‧‧‧ body

(10)‧‧‧設備空間(10) ‧‧‧Device space

(11)‧‧‧機櫃內恆溫恆濕空間(11) ‧ ‧ constant temperature and humidity space in the cabinet

(2)‧‧‧機櫃外恆溫恆濕空間(2) ‧ ‧ ‧ outside the cabinet constant temperature and humidity space

(SF)‧‧‧送風風機(SF)‧‧‧Air blower

(SA)‧‧‧送風口(SA)‧‧‧Air outlet

(RA)‧‧‧回風口(RA) ‧‧‧ return air outlet

第1圖係傳統基本的冷凍循環壓焓圖;第2圖係本創作冷凍循環壓焓圖;第3圖係本創作第1實施例裝置示意圖;第4圖係本創作第2實施例裝置示意圖;第5圖係本創作第3實施例裝置示意圖;第6圖係本創作加濕器示意圖; 第7圖係本創作第4實施例裝置示意圖;第8圖係本創作第5實施例裝置示意圖;第9圖係本創作第5實施例運用於產業空間示意圖。Fig. 1 is a conventional basic refrigeration cycle pressure map; Fig. 2 is a compression cycle diagram of the present creation cycle; Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the apparatus of the first embodiment of the present creation; and Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the apparatus of the second embodiment of the present creation Figure 5 is a schematic view of the apparatus of the third embodiment of the present invention; Figure 6 is a schematic view of the present humidifier; Fig. 7 is a schematic view showing the apparatus of the fourth embodiment of the present invention; Fig. 8 is a schematic view showing the apparatus of the fifth embodiment of the present invention; and Fig. 9 is a schematic view showing the fifth embodiment of the present invention applied to the industrial space.

本創作係有關一種直膨熱回收節能裝置,僅需啟動壓縮機,藉由熱回收,即可同時具有冷卻、除濕、再熱與加濕功能。This creation is about a direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device that only needs to start the compressor. With heat recovery, it can simultaneously have cooling, dehumidification, reheat and humidification functions.

請參閱第1圖之傳統基本的冷凍循環壓焓圖,由圖可知其包括有:Please refer to the traditional basic refrigeration cycle pressure map of Figure 1, which can be seen as follows:

1.壓縮過程a-b(壓縮機)1. Compression process a-b (compressor)

W c =G ×(h b -h a )W c = G ×( h b - h a )

2.冷凝過程b-c(冷凝器)2. Condensation process b-c (condenser)

Q c =G ×(h b -h c )Q c = G ×( h b - h c )

3.節流過程c-d(膨脹閥)3. Throttling process c-d (expansion valve)

h d =h c h d = h c

4.蒸發過程d-a(蒸發器)4. Evaporation process d-a (evaporator)

Q e =G ×(h a -h d )Q e = G ×( h a - h d )

壓縮機的運轉平衡Compressor balance

Q c =Q e +W c Q c = Q e + W c

Qc與Qe若不平衡時,壓縮機會因高、低壓異常而跳機。If Qc and Qe are unbalanced, the compressor will trip due to high and low voltage abnormalities.

公式符號說明:Formula symbol description:

W c =壓縮機的功率 KJ/S(KW)W c = compressor power KJ/S (KW)

G=冷媒質量流率 KG/SG=refrigerant mass flow rate KG/S

h=冷媒焓值 KJ/KGh=refrigerant value KJ/KG

Q c =冷凝器單位時間的散熱量 KJ/S(KW)Q c = heat dissipation per unit time of the condenser KJ/S (KW)

Q e =蒸發器單位時間的吸熱量 KJ/S(KW)Q e = heat absorption per unit time of the evaporator KJ/S (KW)

請再參閱第2圖之本創作冷凍循環壓焓圖,由圖可知其包括有:Please refer to Figure 2 for the creation of the refrigerating cycle pressure map, which can be seen as follows:

1.壓縮過程a-b(壓縮機)1. Compression process a-b (compressor)

W c =G ×(h b -h a )W c = G ×( h b - h a )

2.冷凝過程b-c(冷凝器)2. Condensation process b-c (condenser)

Q c =Q c 1 +Q c 2 Q c =Q c 1 +Q c 2

Q c 1 =G(h b -h X )=G f 1 ×C f 1 ×△T 1 Q c 1 =G(h b - h X )= G f 1 ×C f 1 ×△ T 1

Q c 2 =Q c -Q c 1 =Q c -G f 1 ×C f 1 ×△T 1 Q c 2 =Q c -Q c 1 =Q c - G f 1 ×C f 1 ×△ T 1

註:在固定條件下Qc=常數,所以精確控制Qc1的值即可精確控制Qc2的值。Note: Qc=constant under fixed conditions, so the value of Qc1 can be precisely controlled by precisely controlling the value of Qc1.

3.節流過程c-d(膨脹閥)3. Throttling process c-d (expansion valve)

h d =h c h d = h c

4.蒸發過程d-a(蒸發器)4. Evaporation process d-a (evaporator)

Q e =Q e 1 +Q e 2 Q e =Q e 1 +Q e 2

Q e 1 =G(h Y -h d )=G f 2 ×C f 2 ×△T 2 Q e 1 =G(h Y - h d )= G f 2 ×C f 2 ×△ T 2

Q e 2 =Q e -Q e 1 =Q e -G f 2 ×C f 2 ×△T 2 Q e 2 =Q e -Q e 1 =Q e - G f 2 ×C f 2 ×△ T 2

在固定條件下Qe=常數,所以精確控制Qe1的值即可精確控制Qe2的值。Qe = constant under fixed conditions, so precise control of the value of Qe1 can accurately control the value of Qe2.

壓縮機的運轉平衡Compressor balance

Q c =Q e +W c Q c = Q e + W c

(Q c 1 +Q c 2 )=(Q e 1 +Q e 2 )+W c (Q c 1 +Q c 2 )=( Q e 1 + Q e 2 )+ W c

Qc1與Qc2,Qe1與Qe2自己形成互補的關係,所以合成總量Qc、Qe與Wc平衡容易,不易造成壓縮機高、低壓異常而跳機。Qc1 and Qc2, Qe1 and Qe2 form a complementary relationship, so the total amount of Qc, Qe and Wc is easy to balance, and it is not easy to cause high and low pressure abnormalities of the compressor and tripping.

公式符號說明:Formula symbol description:

W c =壓縮機的功率 KJ/S(KW)W c = compressor power KJ/S (KW)

G=冷媒質量流率 KG/SG=refrigerant mass flow rate KG/S

h=冷媒焓值 KJ/KGh=refrigerant value KJ/KG

Q c =冷凝器單位時間的總散熱量 KJ/S(KW)Q c = total heat dissipation per unit time of the condenser KJ/S (KW)

Q c 1 =冷凝器1單位時間的散熱量 KJ/S(KW)Q c 1 = heat dissipation per unit time of the condenser KJ/S (KW)

Q c 2 =冷凝器2單位時間的散熱量 KJ/S(KW)Q c 2 = heat dissipation of the condenser 2 unit time KJ/S (KW)

G f 1 =冷凝器1二次側流體(水或空氣)質量流率 KG/SG f 1 = mass flow rate KG/S of the secondary side fluid (water or air) of the condenser 1

C f 1 =冷凝器1二次側流體(水或空氣)比熱 KJ/KG℃C f 1 = condenser 1 secondary side fluid (water or air) specific heat KJ / KG ° C

△T1 =冷凝器1二次側流體(水或空氣)的溫度差 ℃ΔT 1 = temperature difference of the secondary side fluid (water or air) of the condenser 1 °C

Q e =蒸發器單位時間的總吸熱量 KJ/S(KW)Q e = total heat absorption per unit time of the evaporator KJ/S (KW)

Q e 1 =蒸發器1單位時間的總吸熱量 KJ/S(KW)Q e 1 = total heat absorption per unit time of the evaporator 1 KJ/S (KW)

Q e 2 =蒸發器2單位時間的總吸熱量 KJ/S(KW)Q e 2 = total heat absorption per unit time of evaporator 2 KJ/S (KW)

G f 2 =蒸發器1二次側流體(水或空氣)質量流率 KG/SG f 2 = secondary flow (water or air) mass flow rate KG/S of evaporator 1

C f 2 =蒸發器1二次側流體(水或空氣)比熱 KJ/KG℃C f 2 = evaporator 1 secondary side fluid (water or air) specific heat KJ / KG ° C

△T2 =蒸發器1二次側流體(水或空氣)溫度差 ℃ΔT 2 = temperature difference of the secondary side fluid (water or air) of the evaporator 1 °C

本創作散熱過程以至少2個冷凝器(CON1~2)串連,控制第2冷凝器所需的散熱量(Qc2),不是控制第2冷凝器的一次側流體(冷媒)的流量溫差,而是比例式控制第1冷凝器的散熱量(Qc1),也就是在第2圖上的散熱過程線上形成X點,讓X點可以左右移動,進而達到精確地控制第2冷凝器所需的散熱量(Qc2),也就是說冷凍循環冷凝過程的散熱總量是有限的(在固定條件下),散熱總量-散熱量=所需的散熱量即Q c -Q c 1 =Q c 2In the creation heat dissipation process, at least two condensers (CON1~2) are connected in series to control the amount of heat dissipation (Qc2) required for the second condenser, instead of controlling the flow temperature difference of the primary side fluid (refrigerant) of the second condenser, It is proportionally controlling the heat dissipation amount (Qc1) of the first condenser, that is, forming the X point on the heat dissipation process line on the second drawing, so that the X point can be moved left and right, thereby achieving the precise heat required for controlling the second condenser. The quantity (Qc2), that is to say the total amount of heat dissipation in the condensation cycle condensation process is limited (under fixed conditions), the total amount of heat dissipation - heat dissipation = the required heat dissipation amount, ie Q c -Q c 1 =Q c 2 .

本創作吸熱過程以至少2個蒸發器(EVP1~2)串連,第2蒸發器所需的吸熱量(Q e 2 ),不是控制第2蒸發器的一次側流體(冷媒)的流量溫差,而是比例式控制第1蒸發器的吸熱量(Q e 1 ),也就是在第2圖上的吸熱過程線上形成Y點,讓Y點可以左右移動,進而達到精確地控制第2蒸發器所需的吸熱量(Q e 2 ),也就是說冷凍循環蒸發過程吸熱總量是有限的(在固定條件下),吸熱總量-吸熱量=所需的吸熱量即Q e -Q e 1 =Q e 2This endothermic process creation of at least two evaporators (EVP1 ~ 2) connected in series, the heat absorption (Q e 2) required for the second evaporator, the second evaporator instead of controlling the primary-side fluid (refrigerant) flow temperature, Rather, proportionally control the heat absorption (Q e 1 ) of the first evaporator, that is, form a Y point on the endothermic process line on the second drawing, so that the Y point can be moved left and right, thereby achieving precise control of the second evaporator. The required heat absorption (Q e 2 ), that is to say the total amount of heat absorption in the freezing cycle evaporation process is limited (under fixed conditions), the total heat absorption - the heat absorption = the required heat absorption, ie Q e -Q e 1 = Q e 2 .

為達成本創作前述目的之技術手段,茲列舉實施例,並配合圖式說明如後,貴審查委員可由之對本創作之結構、特徵及所達成之功效,獲致更佳之瞭解。In order to achieve the above-mentioned technical means for the purpose of the present invention, the embodiments are listed, and the descriptions of the drawings can be better understood by the reviewing committee on the structure, characteristics and effects achieved by the present reviewer.

本創作為一種直膨熱回收節能裝置,其係改良傳統直膨恆溫恆濕系統的缺點,傳統直膨恆溫恆濕系統的壓縮機只有冷卻與除濕功能,再熱與加濕功能都須採用電熱加熱器與電熱加濕器。本創作僅需啟動壓縮機,藉由熱回收,即可同時具有冷卻、除濕、再熱與加濕功能。The creation is a direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device, which is a disadvantage of improving the traditional direct expansion constant temperature and humidity system. The compressor of the traditional direct expansion constant temperature and humidity system only has the functions of cooling and dehumidification, and the reheating and humidifying functions must use electric heating. Heater and electric humidifier. This creation only needs to start the compressor. With heat recovery, it can simultaneously have cooling, dehumidification, reheat and humidification functions.

本創作說明書中所提的熱交換器,主要指壓縮機COM(COMPRESSOR)冷凍循環冷媒的熱交換器,在基本冷凍循環中,僅有蒸發器EVP(EVAPERATOR)、冷凝器CON(CONDENSER)的名稱,但本創作將蒸發器、冷凝器放在不同的位置,有不同的名稱,但其主要功能(熱交換)還是不變。例如,冷卻盤管CC(COOLING COIL)亦是蒸發器(EVP)、再熱盤管HC(HEATING COIL)亦是冷凝器(CON),加濕器HR(HUMIDIFIER)亦是冷凝器(CON)。The heat exchanger mentioned in this manual mainly refers to the heat exchanger of compressor COM (COMPRESSOR) refrigeration cycle refrigerant. In the basic refrigeration cycle, only the name of evaporator EVP (EVAPERATOR) and condenser CON (CONDENSER) However, this creation places the evaporator and condenser in different positions and has different names, but its main function (heat exchange) remains unchanged. For example, the cooling coil CC (COOLING COIL) is also an evaporator (EVP), the reheat coil HC (HEATING COIL) is also a condenser (CON), and the humidifier HR (HUMIDIFIER) is also a condenser (CON).

本創作說明書中所敘述的熱交換器以氣冷式說明,即冷媒與空氣進行熱交換。但若局部或全部換成水冷式,即冷媒與水進行熱交換, 所有的功能與原理亦適用。The heat exchanger described in this specification is described in an air-cooled manner, that is, the refrigerant exchanges heat with air. However, if partial or full replacement is water-cooled, that is, the refrigerant exchanges heat with water. All functions and principles also apply.

本創作說明書中所敘述的氣冷式風機大部分是以軸流式風機說明。但若局部或全部換成離心式風機,所有的功能與原理亦適用。Most of the air-cooled fans described in this manual are described as axial fans. However, if partial or full replacement is made with a centrifugal fan, all functions and principles are also applicable.

請參閱第3圖所示,由圖可知本實施例主要係由壓縮機(COM)、冷凝器(CON)、膨脹閥(EXP)【膨脹閥EXPANSION VALVE】及蒸發器(EVP)所連結構成完整冷凍循環,其特徵在於:該冷凝器(CON)係由第1冷凝器(CON1)及第2冷凝器(CON2)串連構成。控制第2冷凝器(CON2)所需的散熱量係比例式控制第1冷凝器(CON1)的散熱量,以達到精確地控制第2冷凝器(CON2)所需的散熱量,第2冷凝器做為熱回收的加熱器之用,且不會影響壓縮機的正常運轉。亦即僅需啟動壓縮機,藉由熱回收,即可同時具有冷卻、除濕、加熱功能。適用於食品低溫乾燥製程、倉庫...等需要低濕恆溫(較低溫)的產業。本創作前述第2冷凝器(CON2)可為再熱盤管(HC),蒸發器(EVP)可為冷卻盤管(CC)。Please refer to FIG. 3, which shows that the present embodiment is mainly composed of a compressor (COM), a condenser (CON), an expansion valve (EXP), an expansion valve EXPANSION VALVE, and an evaporator (EVP). The refrigeration cycle is characterized in that the condenser (CON) is composed of a first condenser (CON1) and a second condenser (CON2) connected in series. The amount of heat required to control the second condenser (CON2) is proportionally controlled to control the amount of heat dissipated by the first condenser (CON1) to accurately control the amount of heat required for the second condenser (CON2), and the second condenser It is used as a heat recovery heater and does not affect the normal operation of the compressor. That is to say, only the compressor needs to be started, and by heat recovery, the cooling, dehumidification and heating functions can be simultaneously performed. It is suitable for industries that require low-humidity constant temperature (low temperature), such as food low-temperature drying processes, warehouses, etc. The second condenser (CON2) of the present invention may be a reheat coil (HC), and the evaporator (EVP) may be a cooling coil (CC).

請參閱第4圖所示,本創作前述蒸發器(EVP)係由第1蒸發器(EVP1)及第2蒸發器(EVP2)串連構成。本實施例控制第2冷凝器(CON2)所需的散熱量係比例式控制第1冷凝器(CON1)的散熱量,以達到精確地控制第2冷凝器(CON2)所需的散熱量,第2冷凝器做為熱回收的加熱器之用,且不會影響壓縮機的正常運轉,第2蒸發器所需的吸熱量係比例式控制第1蒸發器的吸熱量,以精確控制第2蒸發器所需的吸熱量,第2蒸發器做為冷卻及除濕用途,當其容量低於熱回收的加熱器時,系統即有高溫的加熱效果,且不會影響壓縮機的正常運轉。亦即僅需啟動壓縮機,藉由熱回收,即可同時具有冷卻、除濕、加熱功能。適用於食品低溫乾燥製程...等需要低濕恆溫 (較高溫)的產業。本創作第2蒸發器(EVP2)為冷卻盤管(CC)。Referring to Fig. 4, the evaporator (EVP) of the present invention is composed of a first evaporator (EVP1) and a second evaporator (EVP2). In this embodiment, the amount of heat required to control the second condenser (CON2) is proportionally controlled to control the amount of heat dissipated by the first condenser (CON1) to accurately control the amount of heat required for the second condenser (CON2). 2 The condenser is used as a heat recovery heater, and does not affect the normal operation of the compressor. The heat absorption required by the second evaporator proportionally controls the heat absorption of the first evaporator to precisely control the second evaporation. The heat absorption required by the device, the second evaporator is used for cooling and dehumidification purposes. When the capacity is lower than the heat recovery heater, the system has a high temperature heating effect and does not affect the normal operation of the compressor. That is to say, only the compressor needs to be started, and by heat recovery, the cooling, dehumidification and heating functions can be simultaneously performed. Suitable for low-temperature drying process of food, etc. (higher temperature) industry. The second evaporator (EVP2) of this creation is a cooling coil (CC).

請參閱第5圖所示,本創作另包括有串連的第3冷凝器(CON3)及第4冷凝器(CON4),該串聯的第3冷凝器(CON3)與第4冷凝器(CON4)再與串連的第1冷凝器(CON2)與第2冷凝器(CON2)2個串連回路再並聯,並設有電磁閥(S)【電磁閥SOLENOID VALVE】藉以控制啟動熱回收加熱或熱回收加濕功能。亦即僅需啟動壓縮機,藉由熱回收,即可同時具有冷卻、除濕、加熱、加濕功能。適用於電腦室、電子業恆溫恆濕機、脫臘鑄造殼模乾燥製程...等需要恆溫恆濕的產業。Referring to Figure 5, the creation further includes a third condenser (CON3) and a fourth condenser (CON4) connected in series, and the third condenser (CON3) and the fourth condenser (CON4) in series. Then, the first condenser (CON2) and the second condenser (CON2) connected in series are connected in parallel and connected in parallel, and a solenoid valve (S) [solenoid valve SOLENOID VALVE] is provided to control the start of heat recovery heating or heat. Recycle humidification function. That is to say, only the compressor needs to be started, and by heat recovery, it can simultaneously have the functions of cooling, dehumidification, heating and humidification. Applicable to the computer room, electronic constant temperature and humidity machine, dewaxing casting shell mold drying process, etc., which requires constant temperature and humidity.

本創作前述第4冷凝器(CON4)為加濕器(HR),請參閱第6圖所示,該加濕器(HR)主要包括有加濕水、外部水源控制裝置(HRA)、高溫冷媒管(HRB)、壓縮空氣管路(HRC)及空壓機(HRD),前述外部水源控制裝置(HRA)用來控制加濕水水位,高溫冷媒管路(HRB)一端連結第3冷凝器(CON3),另端連結回膨脹閥(EXP),以將第3冷凝器(CON3)提供的高溫冷媒熱回收,加熱加濕水,產生濕氣,壓縮空氣管路(HRC)連結空壓機(HRD),利用壓縮空氣產生氣泡,以增加空氣與水的接觸面積,增加加濕量【第3冷凝器(CON3)提供的高溫冷媒因其溫度不高,無法有效蒸發水氣,必須藉由曝氣裝置即壓縮空氣管路(HRC)與空壓機(HRD),增加水與空氣的熱交換面積,其計算公式如下】。The fourth condenser (CON4) of the present invention is a humidifier (HR), as shown in Fig. 6, the humidifier (HR) mainly includes humidified water, an external water source control device (HRA), and a high temperature refrigerant. Tube (HRB), compressed air line (HRC) and air compressor (HRD), the external water source control unit (HRA) is used to control the humidification water level, and the high temperature refrigerant line (HRB) is connected to the third condenser at one end ( CON3), the other end is connected back to the expansion valve (EXP) to recover the high temperature refrigerant supplied by the third condenser (CON3), heat the humidified water to generate moisture, and the compressed air line (HRC) is connected to the air compressor ( HRD), using compressed air to generate bubbles to increase the contact area between air and water, increasing the amount of humidification [The high temperature refrigerant provided by the third condenser (CON3) is not high enough to effectively evaporate water and gas, and must be exposed The gas device is a compressed air line (HRC) and a air compressor (HRD), which increases the heat exchange area between water and air. The calculation formula is as follows].

本創作前述熱回收加濕器加濕量的計算:在一個開放式水箱,水從水表面的蒸發,依賴於水溫對應的飽和濕度比、空氣中的濕度比,空氣與水的接觸面積(含水平面及水面下),以及表面之上的空氣的速度。蒸 發的水的量可以表示為:G h =(θA 1 +C3 A2 )(X s -X )The calculation of the humidification amount of the aforementioned heat recovery humidifier: in an open water tank, the evaporation of water from the water surface depends on the saturation humidity ratio corresponding to the water temperature, the humidity ratio in the air, and the contact area between the air and the water ( The water level and the water surface), and the velocity of the air above the surface. The amount of water evaporated can be expressed as: G h = ( θA 1 + C 3 A 2 ) (X s - X )

公式說明:Formula description:

Gh =每小時蒸發的水的量(公斤/小時)G h = amount of water evaporated per hour (kg/hr)

θ =(C1+C2 V)=蒸發係數(kg/m2 h) θ = (C1 + C2 V) = evaporation coefficient (kg / m 2 h)

C1=常數(無單位)在固定條件之下C1 = constant (no unit) under fixed conditions

C2=常數(無單位)在固定條件之下C2 = constant (no unit) under fixed conditions

C3=常數(kg/m2 h)在固定條件之下C3 = constant (kg/m 2 h) under fixed conditions

V=空氣的速度在水面上方(m/s)V = the speed of the air above the water surface (m / s)

A1=水平面上空氣與水的接觸面積(m2 )A1=contact area of air and water on the horizontal plane (m 2 )

A2=水平面下微氣泡空氣與水的接觸面積(m2 )A2 = contact area of microbubble air with water in the horizontal plane (m 2 )

Xs =在該水溫的飽和空氣水的濕度比(kg/kg)X s = humidity ratio of saturated air water at this water temperature (kg/kg)

X=空氣中的濕度比(kg/kg)X = humidity ratio in air (kg/kg)

注意!該單位θ、C3不匹配,因為這是一個經驗公式-實驗的結果。note! The units θ, C3 do not match because this is an empirical formula - the result of the experiment.

請參閱第7圖所示,本創作另包括有第2壓縮機(COM2),該第2壓縮機(COM2)係與壓縮機(COM)並連,再連結回原冷凍循環回路。本實 施例為水冷式雙壓縮機熱回收裝置,亦即僅需啟動壓縮機,藉由熱回收,即可同時具有冷卻、除濕、加熱、加濕功能。適用於電腦室、電子業恆溫恆濕機、脫臘鑄造殼模乾燥製程...等需要恆溫恆濕的產業。Referring to Fig. 7, the present invention further includes a second compressor (COM2) which is connected in parallel with the compressor (COM) and connected back to the original refrigeration cycle. Real The example is a water-cooled dual-compressor heat recovery device, that is, only the compressor needs to be started, and the heat recovery can simultaneously have the functions of cooling, dehumidification, heating and humidification. Applicable to the computer room, electronic constant temperature and humidity machine, dewaxing casting shell mold drying process, etc., which requires constant temperature and humidity.

請參閱第8圖所示,本創作另包括有串連的第3冷凝器(CON3)及第4冷凝器(CON4),該串聯的第3冷凝器(CON3)與第4冷凝器(CON4)再與串連的第1冷凝器(CON2)與第2冷凝器(CON2)2個串連回路再並聯,並設有電磁閥(S)【電磁閥SOLENOID VALVE】藉以控制啟動熱回收加熱或熱回收加濕功能。亦即僅需啟動壓縮機,藉由熱回收,即可同時具有冷卻、除濕、加熱、加濕功能。適用於電腦室、電子業恆溫恆濕機、三溫暖烤箱空間、脫臘鑄造殼模乾燥製程...等需要恆溫恆濕的產業。Referring to Figure 8, the creation further includes a third condenser (CON3) and a fourth condenser (CON4) connected in series, and the third condenser (CON3) and the fourth condenser (CON4) in series. Then, the first condenser (CON2) and the second condenser (CON2) connected in series are connected in parallel and connected in parallel, and a solenoid valve (S) [solenoid valve SOLENOID VALVE] is provided to control the start of heat recovery heating or heat. Recycle humidification function. That is to say, only the compressor needs to be started, and by heat recovery, it can simultaneously have the functions of cooling, dehumidification, heating and humidification. Applicable to computer room, electronic constant temperature and humidity machine, sauna oven space, dewaxing casting shell mold drying process, etc. Need constant temperature and humidity industry.

本創作之實際運用於產業空間,以第9圖為例,本創作另包括有機體(1),機體(1)區隔有設備空間(10)及機櫃內恆溫恆濕空間(11),以設置本創作前述各組件,另包括有機櫃外恆溫恆濕空間(2),機櫃內恆溫恆濕空間(11)設有送風風機(SF)連結機櫃外恆溫恆濕空間(2)之送風口(SA),機櫃外恆溫恆濕空間(2)另具回風口(RA)連結機櫃內恆溫恆濕空間(11),以運用於各產業。The actual application of this creation is applied to the industrial space. Taking Figure 9 as an example, the creation also includes an organism (1). The body (1) is separated by a device space (10) and a constant temperature and humidity space (11) in the cabinet to set The foregoing components of the creation include a constant temperature and humidity space outside the cabinet (2), and the constant temperature and humidity space (11) in the cabinet is provided with a blower fan (SF) to connect the air outlet of the constant temperature and humidity space outside the cabinet (2) (SA) ), the constant temperature and humidity space outside the cabinet (2) Another return air inlet (RA) is connected to the constant temperature and humidity space (11) in the cabinet for use in various industries.

本創作係直接將冷媒的高溫精確地回收成系統所需的溫、濕度條件,完全取代目前市場上所採用的電能加熱器或電能加濕器。市場上或許有其他不同的熱回收方式(例如蓄熱型的熱泵熱回收),然本創作系統簡單,控制穩定且簡易,對於直膨的恆溫或恆濕系統堪稱最佳選擇。This creation directly restores the high temperature of the refrigerant to the temperature and humidity conditions required by the system, completely replacing the electric heater or electric humidifier currently used on the market. There may be other different heat recovery methods on the market (such as heat storage heat pump heat recovery), but the creation system is simple, stable and simple to control, and is the best choice for direct expansion of constant temperature or humidity systems.

本創作前述實施例僅為了方便理解,上述僅敘述單段壓縮單段膨脹的最基本循環系統,如果應用到多台壓縮機並聯系統、多段壓縮機 系統、冷媒回路並聯系統、多段膨脹系統或多次元冷媒系統,上述工作原理亦適用,在此不重複贅述。The foregoing embodiment of the present invention is only for convenience of understanding. The above only describes the most basic circulation system of single-stage compression single-stage expansion, if applied to multiple compressor parallel systems, multi-stage compressors. The above-mentioned working principle is also applicable to the system, the refrigerant circuit parallel system, the multi-stage expansion system or the multi-element refrigerant system, and will not be repeated here.

綜上所述,本創作所揭露之一種「直膨熱回收節能裝置」為昔所無,亦未曾見於國內外公開之刊物上,理已具新穎性之專利要件,又本創作確可摒除習用技術缺失,並達成創作目的,亦已充份符合專利要件,爰依法提出申請,謹請貴審查委員惠予審查,並賜予本案專利,實感德便。In summary, the "direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device" disclosed in this creation is unprecedented, and has not been seen in publications published at home and abroad. It has a novel patent requirement, and this creation can indeed eliminate the use of the application. The lack of technology and the achievement of the purpose of creation have also fully complied with the patent requirements, and the application has been filed according to law. I would like to ask your review committee to give a review and give the patent in this case.

惟以上所述者,僅為本創作之較佳可行實施例而已,並非用以拘限本創作之範圍,舉凡熟悉此項技藝人士,運用本創作說明書及申請專利範圍所作之等效結構變化,理應包括於本創作之專利範圍內。However, the above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. For those skilled in the art, the equivalent structural changes made by the present specification and the scope of the patent application are It should be included in the scope of this creation patent.

(COM)‧‧‧壓縮機(COM)‧‧‧Compressors

(CON)‧‧‧冷凝器(CON)‧‧‧Condenser

(CON1)‧‧‧第1冷凝器(CON1)‧‧‧1st condenser

(CON2)‧‧‧第2冷凝器(CON2)‧‧‧2nd condenser

(CON3)‧‧‧第3冷凝器(CON3)‧‧‧3rd condenser

(CON4)‧‧‧第4冷凝器(CON4) ‧ ‧ 4th condenser

(EXP)‧‧‧膨脹閥(EXP)‧‧‧Expansion valve

(EVP)‧‧‧蒸發器(EVP)‧‧Evaporator

(EVP1)‧‧‧第1蒸發器(EVP1)‧‧‧1st evaporator

(EVP2)‧‧‧第2蒸發器(EVP2)‧‧‧2nd evaporator

(HC)‧‧‧再熱盤管(HC) ‧ ‧ reheat coil

(CC)‧‧‧冷卻盤管(CC)‧‧‧Cooling coil

(S)‧‧‧電磁閥(S)‧‧‧ solenoid valve

(HR)‧‧‧加濕器(HR)‧‧‧Humidifier

Claims (7)

一種直膨熱回收節能裝置,主要係由冷媒管路依序連結壓縮機、冷凝器、膨脹閥、蒸發器再連結回壓縮機構成完整冷凍循環,其特徵在於:該冷凝器係由第1冷凝器及第2冷凝器串連構成,控制第2冷凝器所需的散熱量係比例式控制第1冷凝器的散熱量,以達到精確地控制第2冷凝器所需的散熱量,第2冷凝器做為熱回收的加熱器之用,且不會影響壓縮機的正常運轉。 The utility model relates to a direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device, which mainly comprises a compressor, a condenser, an expansion valve, an evaporator and a compressor connected to a compressor to form a complete refrigeration cycle, wherein the condenser is composed of a first condensation. The second condenser is connected in series, and the amount of heat required to control the second condenser is proportionally controlled to control the amount of heat released by the first condenser to accurately control the amount of heat required for the second condenser, and the second condensation The device is used as a heat recovery heater and does not affect the normal operation of the compressor. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之直膨熱回收節能裝置,其中,該蒸發器係由第1蒸發器及第2蒸發器串連構成,第2蒸發器所需的吸熱量係比例式控制第1蒸發器的吸熱量,以精確控制第2蒸發器所需的吸熱量,第2蒸發器做為冷卻及除濕用途,當其容量低於熱回收的加熱器時,即有高溫的加熱效果,且不會影響壓縮機的正常運轉。 The direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device according to claim 1, wherein the evaporator is composed of a first evaporator and a second evaporator, and the heat absorption required for the second evaporator is proportionally controlled. The heat absorption of the first evaporator is used to precisely control the heat absorption required by the second evaporator, and the second evaporator is used for cooling and dehumidification purposes. When the capacity is lower than that of the heat recovery heater, there is a high temperature heating effect. And will not affect the normal operation of the compressor. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之直膨熱回收節能裝置,其另包括有串連的第3冷凝器及第4冷凝器,該串聯的第3冷凝器與第4冷凝器再與串連的第1冷凝器與第2冷凝器2個串連回路再並聯,並設有電磁閥以控制啟動熱回收加熱或熱回收加濕功能。 The direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device according to claim 1, further comprising a third condenser and a fourth condenser connected in series, wherein the third condenser and the fourth condenser in series are connected in series The first condenser and the second condenser are connected in parallel in parallel with each other, and a solenoid valve is provided to control the start heat recovery heating or the heat recovery humidification function. 如申請專利範圍第3項所述之直膨熱回收節能裝置,其中,該第4冷凝器為加濕器。 The direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device according to claim 3, wherein the fourth condenser is a humidifier. 如申請專利範圍第4項所述之直膨熱回收節能裝置,其中,該加濕器主要包括有加濕水、外部水源控制裝置、高溫冷媒管、壓縮空氣管路及空壓機,前述外部水源控制裝置用來控制加濕水水位,高溫冷媒管路一端連結第3冷凝器,另端連結回膨脹閥,以將第3冷凝器提供的高溫冷媒熱回收,加熱加濕水,產生濕氣,壓縮空氣管路連結空壓機,利用壓縮空氣產生氣泡,以 增加空氣與水的接觸面積,增加加濕量。 The direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device according to claim 4, wherein the humidifier mainly comprises humidification water, an external water source control device, a high-temperature refrigerant pipe, a compressed air pipeline, and an air compressor, the foregoing external The water source control device is used to control the humidification water level. One end of the high-temperature refrigerant line is connected to the third condenser, and the other end is connected back to the expansion valve to recover the high-temperature refrigerant supplied from the third condenser, and heat the humidified water to generate moisture. a compressed air line is connected to the air compressor to generate air bubbles by using compressed air to Increase the contact area between air and water to increase the amount of humidification. 如申請專利範圍第3項所述之直膨熱回收節能裝置,其另包括有第2壓縮機,該第2壓縮機係與壓縮機並連,再連結回原冷凍循環回路。 The direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device according to claim 3, further comprising a second compressor connected to the compressor and connected to the original refrigeration cycle. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之直膨熱回收節能裝置,其中,其另包括有串連的第3冷凝器及第4冷凝器,該串聯的第3冷凝器與第4冷凝器再與串連的第1冷凝器與第2冷凝器2個串連回路再並聯,並設有電磁閥以控制啟動熱回收加熱或熱回收加濕功能。The direct expansion heat recovery energy-saving device according to claim 2, further comprising a third condenser and a fourth condenser connected in series, wherein the third condenser and the fourth condenser in series are further The serially connected first condenser and the second condenser are connected in parallel in parallel with each other, and a solenoid valve is provided to control the start heat recovery heating or the heat recovery humidification function.
TW104207032U 2015-05-07 2015-05-07 Direct expansion heat recovery energy saving device TWM507506U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI681151B (en) * 2018-04-10 2020-01-01 蔣偉義 Dehumidifier with temperature control
TWI697613B (en) * 2019-01-08 2020-07-01 明基能源技術股份有限公司 Heat recovery system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI681151B (en) * 2018-04-10 2020-01-01 蔣偉義 Dehumidifier with temperature control
TWI697613B (en) * 2019-01-08 2020-07-01 明基能源技術股份有限公司 Heat recovery system

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