TWI780441B - Sequential air sterilization filtration method and device - Google Patents

Sequential air sterilization filtration method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI780441B
TWI780441B TW109118863A TW109118863A TWI780441B TW I780441 B TWI780441 B TW I780441B TW 109118863 A TW109118863 A TW 109118863A TW 109118863 A TW109118863 A TW 109118863A TW I780441 B TWI780441 B TW I780441B
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accommodating portion
air
airflow
lamp group
ultraviolet lamp
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TW109118863A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW202146062A (en
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鄭靖熹
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鄭靖熹
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Priority to CN202110626115.1A priority patent/CN113757876A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/108Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering using dry filter elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • F24F8/22Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using UV light
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • F24F8/24Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media
    • F24F8/26Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media using ozone
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

本發明係一種循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置,具有一本體,本體內部中空流通空氣空間周圍係屬圓形,本體內部流通空氣空間區分為第一容置部、第二容置部、第三容置部以及第四容置部;該第一容置部內一側設有一抽氣扇向由外向內抽送未清淨空氣進入到本體內部空間中形成第一氣流;該第二容置部裝設有加熱件;該第三容置部中心位置設有一紫外線燈組,該紫外線燈組為發射紫外線照射;該第四容置部一端的開口位置套設有該濾心,使該濾心過濾第一氣流後形成乾淨的第二氣流排出;控制模組係設置在本體外,所述的抽氣扇、加熱件、紫外線燈組係與控制模組透過電性連結進行控制。 The present invention is a sequential air sterilization and filtration method and its device. It has a body, the hollow air circulation space inside the body is circular, and the air circulation space inside the body is divided into a first accommodating part and a second accommodating part. , the third accommodating part and the fourth accommodating part; one side of the first accommodating part is provided with an exhaust fan to pump the unclean air from the outside to the inside into the internal space of the body to form the first air flow; the second accommodating part A heating element is installed in the placement part; an ultraviolet lamp group is arranged in the center of the third accommodation part, and the ultraviolet lamp group emits ultraviolet radiation; the opening position of one end of the fourth accommodation part is sleeved with the filter core, so that the The filter core filters the first airflow to form a clean second airflow to be discharged; the control module is arranged outside the body, and the exhaust fan, heating element, ultraviolet lamp group and the control module are controlled through electrical connection.

Description

循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置 Sequential Air Sterilization Filtration Method and Device

本發明係一種循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置,尤指一種透過抽氣後對吸入的空氣進行加熱、紫外線光照射,最終經過濾心過濾的空氣滅菌過濾裝置,且該空氣滅菌過濾裝置內管係為管狀設計,藉以獲得安全空間排出氣體的循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置。 The invention is a sequential air sterilization and filtration method and its device, especially an air sterilization and filtration device that heats the inhaled air after pumping air, irradiates it with ultraviolet light, and finally filters it through a filter core. The pipe system is designed in a tubular shape, so as to obtain a sequential air sterilizing and filtering method and device for discharging gas from a safe space.

過去普遍存在市面上的空氣過濾產品,主要運作方式多是針對特定空間內的空氣品質進行抽氣並透過濾網過濾,偶有在空氣清淨產品內加設固定規格的紫外線光裝置發射紫外線光進行過濾後的空氣的基本滅菌效能,但隨著近期新型冠狀病毒疫情的大流行,空氣的品質不再僅著重於PM2.5等塵霾的過濾,而是進一步顧慮到飛沫或氣溶膠狀態的病毒或細菌的清淨問題,特別是阻隔病毒的散播更是不容易,因此單單靠著濾網過濾空氣的方式對於病毒大流行的環境並不能完全達到最佳的滅菌滅病毒的效果,而發產出提供可容易取得並具有更佳滅菌滅病毒效率的空氣滅菌過濾裝置是有其必要的。 In the past, air filtration products were widely available on the market. The main mode of operation was to extract air and filter it through the filter according to the air quality in a specific space. Occasionally, an ultraviolet light device with a fixed specification was added to the air purification product to emit ultraviolet light The basic sterilization efficiency of filtered air, but with the recent pandemic of the new coronavirus, air quality is no longer only focused on the filtration of dust haze such as PM2.5, but further concerns about viruses in the form of droplets or aerosols Or the cleanliness of bacteria, especially to block the spread of viruses is not easy, so the method of filtering the air with a filter alone cannot fully achieve the best effect of sterilization and virus removal in the environment of a virus pandemic, and the output There is a need to provide an air sterilizing filter device that is readily available and has better sterilizing and virus-killing efficiency.

以目前的新型冠狀病毒的感染極強,而且目前醫學上尚無疫苗或解藥可醫治,因此當前述輕、中症的病患特別是無症狀患者處在的空間時,處於同一個接觸或空氣對流的空間時,病毒到處都會存在,存在著被感染的風險, 空氣的流動是可能帶著病毒飄散,不論是新冠冠狀病毒或其他流感病毒等,習知的空氣清淨裝置並無較佳的滅菌滅病毒效果。 The current infection of the new coronavirus is extremely strong, and there is currently no vaccine or antidote to treat it in medicine. Therefore, when the above-mentioned mild and moderate patients, especially asymptomatic patients, are in the same space, they are in the same contact or When the air convects the space, the virus will exist everywhere, and there is a risk of infection. The flow of air may carry the virus, whether it is the new coronavirus or other influenza viruses, the conventional air cleaning device does not have a good sterilization effect.

本發明之主要特徵包含有:一本體,該本體內部中空流通空氣空間周圍係屬圓形,所述的本體內部流通空氣空間區分為第一容置部、第二容置部、第三容置部以及第四容置部;該第一容置部內一側設有一抽氣扇向由外向內抽送未清淨空氣進入到本體內部空間中形成第一氣流;該第二容置部裝設有加熱件;該第三容置部中心位置設有一紫外線燈組,該紫外線燈組為發射紫外線照射;該第四容置部一端的開口位置套設有該濾心,使該濾心過濾第一氣流後形成乾淨的第二氣流排出;控制模組係設置在本體外,所述的抽氣扇、加熱件、紫外線燈組係與控制模組透過電性連結進行控制;該加熱件以及該紫外線燈組係設置於第二容置部以及第三容置部的中心處,使抽入的第一氣流平順運行,且使加熱件及紫外線燈組所散發的熱能與紫外線均勻的接觸通過的第一氣流。 The main features of the present invention include: a body, the hollow air circulation space inside the body is circular, and the air circulation space inside the body is divided into a first accommodating part, a second accommodating part, and a third accommodating part. The accommodating part and the fourth accommodating part; one side of the first accommodating part is provided with an exhaust fan to pump the unclean air from the outside to the inside into the internal space of the body to form the first air flow; the second accommodating part is installed A heating element is provided; an ultraviolet lamp group is arranged at the center of the third accommodating part, and the ultraviolet lamp group emits ultraviolet rays; the opening position of one end of the fourth accommodating part is covered with the filter core, so that the filter core can filter After the first airflow, a clean second airflow is formed and discharged; the control module is arranged outside the body, and the exhaust fan, the heating element, the ultraviolet lamp group and the control module are controlled through electrical connection; the heating element and The ultraviolet lamp group is arranged at the center of the second accommodating part and the third accommodating part, so that the first air flow drawn in runs smoothly, and the heat energy emitted by the heating element and the ultraviolet lamp group is evenly contacted with the ultraviolet rays. of the first airflow.

本發明另一主要特徵為運行於一循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置,其中該循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置具有一本體,本體內部流通空氣空間區分為第一容置部、第二容置部、第三容置部以及第四容置部,其中第一容置部內設有一抽氣扇,該第二容置部裝設有加熱件,該第三容置部中心位置設有一紫外線燈組,第四容置部一端的開口套設有一濾心,該加熱件以及該紫外線燈組係設置於第二容置部以及第三容置部的中心處,並運行有以下步驟:吸氣步驟運作時為透過控制模組啟動抽氣扇將外部的未清淨空氣抽入本體內形 成第一氣流,其中抽氣扇的抽氣量係依據排氣量大小不同有所調整,使第一氣流於本體內停留時間充足的通過進行滅菌;加熱步驟係透過控制模組啟動加熱件發熱至100℃以上,使第一氣流通過第二容置部時令通過的細菌或病毒死亡或損壞;光照步驟係透過控制模組啟動紫外線燈組產生紫外線光進行滅菌,使第一氣流通過第三容置部時進一步對細菌或病毒的RNA或DNA進行破壞;過濾步驟係第一氣流通過第四容置部時通過該筒體內套設的濾心過濾掉塵霾、異味或細菌及病毒。 Another main feature of the present invention is to operate on a sequential air sterilization and filtration method and its device, wherein the sequential air sterilization and filtration method and its device have a body, and the air circulation space inside the body is divided into a first accommodating part, a second Two accommodating parts, a third accommodating part and a fourth accommodating part, wherein an exhaust fan is arranged in the first accommodating part, a heating element is installed in the second accommodating part, and the center position of the third accommodating part An ultraviolet lamp group is provided, and a filter core is set on the opening at one end of the fourth accommodating part. The heating element and the ultraviolet lamp group are arranged at the center of the second accommodating part and the third accommodating part, and operate as follows Steps: When the suction step is in operation, the exhaust fan is activated through the control module to suck the external unclean air into the body Form the first airflow, wherein the air extraction volume of the exhaust fan is adjusted according to the different exhaust volumes, so that the first airflow can pass through the main body for a sufficient time to sterilize; the heating step is to activate the heating element through the control module to heat up to When the temperature is above 100°C, the bacteria or viruses that pass through the first airflow through the second container will die or be damaged; the illumination step is to activate the ultraviolet lamp group through the control module to generate ultraviolet light for sterilization, so that the first airflow passes through the third container The RNA or DNA of the bacteria or virus is further destroyed when the part is placed; the filtering step is that when the first airflow passes through the fourth accommodating part, the dust haze, peculiar smell or bacteria and viruses are filtered out through the filter core set in the cylinder.

10:本體 10: Ontology

11:第一容置部 11: The first accommodation part

12:第二容置部 12: The second storage part

13:第三容置部 13: The third storage part

14:第四容置部 14: The fourth storage part

20:抽氣扇 20: Exhaust fan

21:控制線 21: Control line

30:加熱件 30: heating element

31:控制線 31: Control line

40:紫外線燈組 40: UV lamp group

41:臭氧光燈 41:Ozone light lamp

42:殺菌燈 42: Germicidal lamp

43:控制線 43: Control line

50:筒體 50: barrel

51:濾心 51: filter heart

60:控制模組 60:Control module

F1:第一氣流 F1: First Airflow

F2:第二氣流 F2: Second airflow

H:熱能 H: heat energy

P:未清淨空氣 P: Uncleaned air

UVC1:臭氧光 UVC1: ozone light

UVC2:殺菌光 UVC2: germicidal light

圖1:係本發明較佳實施例之步驟示意圖。 Figure 1: is a schematic diagram of the steps of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

圖2:係本發明較佳實施例之循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置側面剖視示意圖。 Fig. 2: is the schematic diagram of the side sectional view of the sequential air sterilization filtration method and its device in a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

圖3:係本發明較佳實施例之立體剖視分解示意圖。 Fig. 3: It is a three-dimensional cross-sectional exploded schematic view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

請參照圖1所示本發明較佳實施例之步驟示意圖,以及圖2所示之本發明較佳實施例之循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置側面剖視示意圖,本發明之循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置為提供一個可簡易但有效率的進行滅菌效果的循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置並運行有五個步驟進行空氣滅菌過濾,其中在結構設計上,本發明具有一本體10,該本體10主要特徵在於其內部中 空流通空氣空間周圍係屬圓形的設計,所述的本體10內部流通空氣空間區分為第一容置部11、第二容置部12、第三容置部13以及第四容置部14,空氣流通方向係自第一容置部11方向進入並流向第四容置部14,其中在第一容置部11內一側設有一抽氣扇20向由外向內抽送未清淨空氣P進入到本體10內部空間中形成第一氣流F1,該第一氣流F1進一步流經第二容置部12,該第二容置部12裝設有加熱件30,該加熱件30設置位置為於第二容置部12中心位置處藉以將熱能H均勻擴散於第二容置部12中,第一氣流F1經過第二容置部12後進入到第三容置部13中,該第三容置部13中心位置設有一紫外線燈組40,該紫外線燈組40為發射紫外線(UVC)照射以將紫外線光均勻照射於第三容置部13中,第一氣流F1經過第三容置部13後進入到第四容置部14中,第四容置部14一端的開口位置邊緣開設有固定部141,本較佳實施例中該固定部141係為開設螺紋螺接或穿套卡扣習知接合方式進行,並於該固定部141上套接有一中空筒體50以蓋合於第四容置部14一端的開口上,該筒體50內套設有一濾心51,使該濾心51可過濾排出的第一氣流F1,第一氣流F1流經該濾心51後形成乾淨的第二氣流F2排出;其中所述的抽氣扇20、加熱件30、紫外線燈組40係透過設置在本體外的控制模組60透過電性連結進行控制。 Please refer to the schematic diagram of the steps of the preferred embodiment of the present invention shown in Figure 1, and the sequential air sterilization filtration method and device side sectional schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention shown in Figure 2, the sequential air sterilization of the present invention The filtration method and its device are to provide a simple but efficient sequential air sterilization filtration method and its device to perform air sterilization and filtration in five steps. In terms of structural design, the present invention has a body 10 , the body 10 is mainly characterized by its interior The air circulation space is surrounded by a circular design, and the air circulation space inside the main body 10 is divided into a first accommodating portion 11 , a second accommodating portion 12 , a third accommodating portion 13 and a fourth accommodating portion 14 The direction of air flow is from the direction of the first accommodating part 11 and flows to the fourth accommodating part 14, wherein an exhaust fan 20 is provided on one side of the first accommodating part 11 to pump the unclean air P from the outside to the inside. The first airflow F1 is formed in the inner space of the main body 10, and the first airflow F1 further flows through the second accommodating part 12, and the second accommodating part 12 is equipped with a heating element 30, and the heating element 30 is located at the second The central position of the two accommodating parts 12 is used to evenly diffuse the heat energy H in the second accommodating part 12, and the first air flow F1 enters the third accommodating part 13 after passing through the second accommodating part 12, and the third accommodating part 13 The central position of the part 13 is provided with an ultraviolet lamp group 40, and the ultraviolet lamp group 40 emits ultraviolet (UVC) radiation to uniformly irradiate the ultraviolet light in the third accommodating part 13. After the first airflow F1 passes through the third accommodating part 13 Entering into the fourth accommodating portion 14, a fixing portion 141 is provided on the edge of the opening position at one end of the fourth accommodating portion 14. The jointing method is carried out, and a hollow cylinder 50 is sleeved on the fixing part 141 to cover the opening at one end of the fourth accommodating part 14. A filter core 51 is sleeved in the cylinder body 50, so that the filter core 51 The first airflow F1 that can be filtered and discharged, the first airflow F1 flows through the filter core 51 to form a clean second airflow F2 to be discharged; wherein the exhaust fan 20, the heating element 30, and the ultraviolet lamp group 40 are arranged through the The control module 60 outside the body is controlled through an electrical connection.

請參照圖3所示本發明較佳實施例之立體剖視分解示意圖,其中所述的抽氣扇20、加熱件30、紫外線燈組40以及筒體50及其濾心51係設置於第一容置部11、第二容置部12、第三容置部13以及第四容置部14的中心處,這樣的設計可以使抽入的第一氣流F1平順運行,且使加熱件30及紫外線燈組40所散發的熱能H與紫外線均勻的照射通過的第一氣流F1,這可以對存在於通過的第一氣流F1內的細菌或病毒進行滅菌的動作;其中所述的抽氣扇20係以控制線21連結所述的控制模組60藉以啟動或關閉抽風動作,所述的加熱件30係以控制線31連結所述的 控制模組60,所述的紫外線燈組40可透過支撐桿44將組外線燈設置於第三容置部13中心位置,並以控制線43連結所述的控制模組60,紫外線燈在本實施例中可具有發散185nm波長紫外線的臭氧光燈41與發散254nm波長紫外線殺菌光的殺菌燈42,而該筒體50內套設的濾心51在本實施例中為具有高效率空氣微粒子過濾網(HEPA)的濾心結構或防菌濾毒的專用過濾罐,藉以過濾掉塵霾、異味或細菌及病毒。 Please refer to the three-dimensional cross-sectional exploded schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention shown in Figure 3, wherein the exhaust fan 20, the heating element 30, the ultraviolet lamp group 40, the cylinder body 50 and its filter core 51 are arranged on the first At the center of the accommodating portion 11, the second accommodating portion 12, the third accommodating portion 13, and the fourth accommodating portion 14, such a design can make the drawn-in first airflow F1 run smoothly, and make the heating element 30 and the The heat energy H emitted by the ultraviolet lamp group 40 and the ultraviolet rays uniformly irradiate the passing first air flow F1, which can sterilize the bacteria or viruses existing in the passing first air flow F1; wherein the exhaust fan 20 The control line 21 is connected to the control module 60 to start or close the ventilation action, and the heating element 30 is connected to the control line 31. The control module 60, the ultraviolet lamp group 40 can set the group of external line lamps at the center of the third accommodating part 13 through the support rod 44, and connect the control module 60 with the control line 43, the ultraviolet lamp is in this In the embodiment, there may be an ozone light lamp 41 that emits ultraviolet light with a wavelength of 185nm and a germicidal lamp 42 that emits ultraviolet light with a wavelength of 254nm. Net (HEPA) filter core structure or a special filter tank for anti-bacterial and anti-virus, so as to filter out dust, odor, bacteria and viruses.

本發明循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置運作上具有五個步驟:吸氣步驟S1,本發明運作時為透過控制模組60啟動抽氣扇20將外部的未清淨空氣P抽入本體10內形成第一氣流F1,其中抽氣扇20的抽氣量係依據排氣量大小不同有所調整,使第一氣流F1於本體10內停留時間充足的通過進行滅菌;加熱步驟S2,係透過控制模組60啟動加熱件30發熱至100℃以上,使第一氣流F1通過第二容置部12時令通過的細菌或病毒死亡或損壞;光照步驟S3,係透過控制模組60啟動紫外線燈組40產生185nm波長發出臭氧光UVC1除臭殺菌或發散254nm波長殺菌光UVC2滅菌,使第一氣流F1通過第三容置部13時進一步對細菌或病毒的RNA或DNA進行破壞;過濾步驟S4,第一氣流F1通過第四容置部14時通過該筒體50內套設的濾心51過濾掉塵霾、異味或細菌及病毒;排氣步驟S5,第一氣流F1通過該筒體50內套設的濾心51後形成乾淨空氣的第二氣流F2排出;以上步驟透過加熱破壞以及紫外線光滅菌再以過濾方式阻隔方式排出乾淨空氣F2方式,可具有優良的空氣濾淨效果,特別是加熱溫度可調整且均勻發散於本體10內,以及可選擇性地調整紫外線光波長達到不同效果的設計達到優良的空氣滅菌過濾功效。 The sequential air sterilization and filtration method and its device of the present invention have five steps in operation: suction step S1. During the operation of the present invention, the exhaust fan 20 is activated through the control module 60 to suck the external uncleaned air P into the body 10 The first airflow F1 is formed, wherein the suction volume of the exhaust fan 20 is adjusted according to the different exhaust volumes, so that the first airflow F1 can be sterilized by passing through the main body 10 for a sufficient residence time; the heating step S2 is through the control mold The group 60 activates the heating element 30 to generate heat above 100°C, so that the first airflow F1 passes through the second accommodating part 12 and the bacteria or viruses that pass through the second accommodating part 12 are killed or damaged; the illumination step S3 is to activate the ultraviolet lamp group 40 through the control module 60 Produce 185nm wavelength and send out ozone light UVC1 to deodorize and sterilize or diverge 254nm wavelength to sterilize light UVC2 to sterilize, so that the first airflow F1 further destroys the RNA or DNA of bacteria or viruses when passing through the third accommodating part 13; filtering step S4, the first When the airflow F1 passes through the fourth accommodating part 14, it passes through the filter element 51 sleeved in the cylinder 50 to filter out dust, odor, bacteria and viruses; in the exhaust step S5, the first airflow F1 passes through the sleeve 50 in the cylinder 50 The second airflow F2 of clean air is formed after the filter element 51 is discharged; the above steps are destroyed by heating and ultraviolet light sterilization, and then the clean air F2 is discharged in a filtering way to block the way, which can have an excellent air filtering effect, especially the heating temperature can be adjusted The design of adjusting and uniformly diverging in the body 10, and selectively adjusting the wavelength of ultraviolet light to achieve different effects achieves excellent air sterilization and filtration effects.

綜上所述,本發明循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法及其裝置透過有效的滅菌設計可提供使用者方便取得的安全的空氣,深具市場效益,對於疫情流行時亦有幫助,且無近似或相同的專利申請在先,符合發明專利審請要件,爰依法提出專利申請。 To sum up, the sequential air sterilization and filtration method and its device of the present invention can provide users with convenient and safe air through the effective sterilization design, which has great market benefits and is also helpful when the epidemic is prevalent, and there is no similarity or the same If the patent application of the patent application is earlier and meets the requirements for the examination of the invention patent, the patent application shall be filed in accordance with the law.

10:本體 10: Ontology

11:第一容置部 11: The first accommodation part

12:第二容置部 12: The second storage part

13:第三容置部 13: The third storage part

14:第四容置部 14: The fourth storage part

20:抽氣扇 20: Exhaust fan

21:控制線 21: Control line

30:加熱件 30: heating element

31:控制線 31: Control line

40:紫外線燈組 40: UV lamp group

41:臭氧光燈 41:Ozone light lamp

42:殺菌燈 42: Germicidal lamp

43:控制線 43: Control line

50:筒體 50: barrel

51:濾心 51: filter heart

60:控制模組 60:Control module

F1:第一氣流 F1: First Airflow

F2:第二氣流 F2: Second airflow

H:熱能 H: heat energy

P:未清淨空氣 P: Uncleaned air

UVC1:臭氧光 UVC1: ozone light

UVC2:殺菌光 UVC2: germicidal light

Claims (4)

一種循序式空氣滅菌過濾裝置,主要包含有:一本體(10),該本體(10)內部中空流通空氣空間周圍係屬圓形,所述的本體(10)內部流通空氣空間依序由第一容置部(11)、第二容置部(12)、第三容置部(13)以及第四容置部(14)所構成;一抽氣扇(20),該第一容置部(11)內一側設有一抽氣扇(20)向由外向內抽送未清淨空氣(P)進入到本體(10)內部空間中形成第一氣流(F1);一加熱件(30),該第二容置部(12)裝設有加熱件(30);一紫外線燈組(40),該第三容置部(13)中心位置設有一紫外線燈組(40),該紫外線燈組(40)為發射紫外線(UVC)照射;一濾心(51),該第四容置部(14)一端的開口位置套設有該濾心(51),使該濾心(51)過濾第一氣流(F1)後形成乾淨的第二氣流(F2)排出;一控制模組(60),係設置在本體(10)外,所述的抽氣扇(20)、加熱件(30)、紫外線燈組(40)係與控制模組(60)透過電性連結進行控制;該加熱件(30)以及該紫外線燈組(40)係設置於第二容置部(12)以及第三容置部(13)的中心處,使抽入的第一氣流(F1)平順運行,且使加熱件(30)及紫外線燈組(40)所散發的熱能與紫外線均勻的接觸通過的第一氣流(F1);一中空筒體(50),其中該第四容置部(14)一端的開口位置邊緣開設有固定部(141),該固定部(141)上套接有一中空筒體(50),該筒體(50)內套設該濾心(51)過濾第一氣流(F1)。 A sequential air sterilizing and filtering device, mainly comprising: a body (10), the hollow circulation air space inside the body (10) is circular, and the air circulation space inside the body (10) is sequentially formed by the first Accommodating portion (11), the second accommodating portion (12), the third accommodating portion (13) and the fourth accommodating portion (14); an exhaust fan (20), the first accommodating portion (11) An exhaust fan (20) is provided on the inner side to draw the unclean air (P) from the outside to the inside to enter the inner space of the body (10) to form the first air flow (F1); a heating element (30), the The second accommodating portion (12) is equipped with a heating element (30); an ultraviolet lamp group (40), and the central position of the third accommodating portion (13) is provided with an ultraviolet lamp group (40), and the ultraviolet lamp group ( 40) for emitting ultraviolet (UVC) irradiation; a filter core (51), the opening position of one end of the fourth accommodating portion (14) is sleeved with the filter core (51), so that the filter core (51) filters the first The airflow (F1) forms a clean second airflow (F2) to be discharged; a control module (60) is arranged outside the body (10), and the exhaust fan (20), heating element (30), ultraviolet light The lamp group (40) is controlled through electrical connection with the control module (60); the heating element (30) and the ultraviolet lamp group (40) are arranged in the second accommodating part (12) and the third accommodating part At the center of the part (13), the first airflow (F1) drawn in is made to run smoothly, and the first airflow ( F1); a hollow cylinder (50), wherein a fixed part (141) is provided on the edge of the opening at one end of the fourth accommodating part (14), and a hollow cylinder (50) is sleeved on the fixed part (141) , the cylinder (50) is sheathed with the filter core (51) to filter the first airflow (F1). 如請求項第1項所述之循序式空氣滅菌過濾裝置,其中該紫外線燈組(40)透過支撐桿(44)將組外線燈設置於第三容置部(13)中心位置,並以控 制線(43)連結所述的控制模組(60),該紫外線燈組(40)具有發散185nm波長的臭氧光燈(41)或發散254nm波長殺菌光的殺菌燈(42)。 The sequential air sterilization and filtering device as described in Item 1 of the request, wherein the ultraviolet lamp group (40) sets the group of external line lamps at the center of the third accommodating part (13) through the support rod (44), and controls the The control module (60) is connected with the line (43), and the ultraviolet lamp group (40) has an ozone light lamp (41) emitting 185nm wavelength or a germicidal lamp (42) emitting 254nm wavelength germicidal light. 一種循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法,其為運行於一循序式空氣滅菌過濾裝置,其中該循序式空氣滅菌過濾裝置具有一本體(10),該本體(10)內部中空流通空氣空間周圍係屬圓形,本體(10)內部流通空氣空間由第一容置部(11)、第二容置部(12)、第三容置部(13)以及第四容置部(14)所構成,其中第一容置部(11)內設有一抽氣扇(20),該第二容置部(12)裝設有加熱件(30),該第三容置部(13)中心位置設有一紫外線燈組(40),第四容置部(14)一端的開口套設有一濾心(51),該第四容置部(14)一端的開口位置上套接有一中空筒體(50),該加熱件(30)以及該紫外線燈組(40)係設置於第二容置部(12)以及第三容置部(13)的中心處,本方法運行有以下步驟:吸氣步驟(S1),運作時為透過控制模組(60)啟動抽氣扇(20)將外部的未清淨空氣(P)抽入本體(10)內形成第一氣流(F1),其中抽氣扇(20)的抽氣量係依據排氣量大小不同有所調整,使第一氣流(F1)於本體(10)內停留時間充足的通過進行滅菌;加熱步驟(S2),係透過控制模組(60)啟動加熱件(30)發熱至100℃以上,使第一氣流(F1)通過第二容置部(12)時令通過的細菌或病毒死亡或損壞;光照步驟(S3),係透過控制模組(60)啟動紫外線燈組(40)產生紫外線光(UVC)進行滅菌,使第一氣流(F1)通過第三容置部(13)時進一步對細菌或病毒的RNA或DNA進行破壞;過濾步驟(S4),第一氣流(F1)通過第四容置部(14)時通過該筒體(50)內套設的過濾罐濾心(51)。 A sequential air sterilizing and filtering method, which operates on a sequential air sterilizing and filtering device, wherein the sequential air sterilizing and filtering device has a body (10), and the hollow circulation air space inside the body (10) is surrounded by a circular shape , the air circulation space inside the body (10) is composed of a first accommodating portion (11), a second accommodating portion (12), a third accommodating portion (13) and a fourth accommodating portion (14), wherein the first accommodating portion (14) An exhaust fan (20) is arranged in a housing part (11), a heating element (30) is installed in the second housing part (12), and an ultraviolet lamp is arranged in the center of the third housing part (13) Group (40), the opening at one end of the fourth accommodating portion (14) is covered with a filter core (51), and a hollow cylinder (50) is sleeved on the opening at one end of the fourth accommodating portion (14). The heating element (30) and the ultraviolet lamp group (40) are arranged at the center of the second accommodating portion (12) and the third accommodating portion (13), and the method operates with the following steps: suction step (S1) , during operation, start the exhaust fan (20) through the control module (60) to draw the external unclean air (P) into the body (10) to form the first air flow (F1), wherein the exhaust fan (20) The air extraction volume is adjusted according to the different exhaust volumes, so that the first airflow (F1) stays in the body (10) for a sufficient time to pass through for sterilization; the heating step (S2) is to start heating through the control module (60) The component (30) heats up to above 100°C, causing the first airflow (F1) to pass through the second accommodating part (12) to kill or damage the bacteria or viruses that pass through the season; the light step (S3) is to pass through the control module (60 ) Start the ultraviolet lamp group (40) to generate ultraviolet light (UVC) for sterilization, and further destroy the RNA or DNA of bacteria or viruses when the first airflow (F1) passes through the third accommodating part (13); the filtering step (S4 ), when the first airflow (F1) passes through the fourth accommodating portion (14), it passes through the filter cartridge (51) set in the cylinder (50). 如請求項第3項所述之循序式空氣滅菌過濾方法,其中該紫外線燈組(40)可產生185nm波長發出臭氧光除臭殺菌或發散254nm波長殺菌光滅菌。 The sequential air sterilization and filtration method as described in item 3 of the request, wherein the ultraviolet lamp group (40) can generate 185nm wavelength to emit ozone light for deodorization and sterilization or diverge 254nm wavelength for sterilization.
TW109118863A 2020-06-04 2020-06-04 Sequential air sterilization filtration method and device TWI780441B (en)

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN206676123U (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-11-28 孙钰程 A kind of domestic intelligent air purifier
CN207438757U (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-06-01 山东现代莱恩空调设备有限公司 A kind of new wind turbine of intelligent domestic

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN206676123U (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-11-28 孙钰程 A kind of domestic intelligent air purifier
CN207438757U (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-06-01 山东现代莱恩空调设备有限公司 A kind of new wind turbine of intelligent domestic

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