TWI692380B - Waste treatment equipment - Google Patents

Waste treatment equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI692380B
TWI692380B TW107141202A TW107141202A TWI692380B TW I692380 B TWI692380 B TW I692380B TW 107141202 A TW107141202 A TW 107141202A TW 107141202 A TW107141202 A TW 107141202A TW I692380 B TWI692380 B TW I692380B
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TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
cover
rotating
storage barrel
tank
stirring
Prior art date
Application number
TW107141202A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
TW202019574A (en
Inventor
陳雅爵
Original Assignee
愛壹可生物科技有限公司
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 愛壹可生物科技有限公司 filed Critical 愛壹可生物科技有限公司
Priority to TW107141202A priority Critical patent/TWI692380B/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI692380B publication Critical patent/TWI692380B/en
Publication of TW202019574A publication Critical patent/TW202019574A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection equipment, in particular to an organic waste treatment equipment specially used for small farms, supermarkets, restaurants, central kitchens, school canteens and fish and vegetable markets. Compared with the prior art, the waste treatment equipment will store materials The barrel, shredder, mixing device, buffer tank and deodorizing tank are effectively combined to crush and decompose the rotten vegetables and fruits on the farm, livestock and poultry carcasses and various kitchen wastes in life, at the same time add high-temperature strains, and then quickly ferment for 15 hours A powdery bio-organic fertilizer is formed inside, and at the same time, the deodorizing bacteria in the deodorizing tank can effectively remove the odor of organic waste, so as not to pollute the environment and the air, which not only solves the problem of domestic waste disposal, but also can remove organic waste It is decomposed into bio-organic fertilizer and provided to farmers for the cultivation of organic vegetables or flowers and fruit trees used in the garden by themselves. Therefore, it is a small-sized, cheap-cost organic waste treatment equipment, which has the advantages of convenient use and obvious effects.

Description

Waste treatment equipment

The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection equipment, in particular to a garbage disposal equipment specially used for small farms, supermarkets, restaurants, central kitchens, school canteens and fish and vegetable markets.

Most of the organic waste and kitchen waste on the farm are residues such as bones, vegetables, fruits, and other animals and plants. They carry a large amount of water, and it is easy to cause the garbage to smell and attract flies and other vectors. Separate, collect, and transport these organic wastes from other wastes, reclaim organic wastes for reuse, improve their disposal value, and make the best use of things. Organic waste recycling can reduce the amount of incinerated garbage, which in turn reduces the amount of incinerated ash and slag, and reduces the load on incineration plants and landfills. In recent years, the follow-up treatment of organic waste classification and recycling has encountered various difficulties. For example, most of the current organic waste is collected by composting. Because of the long processing time, and the adverse impact on the surrounding environment, It is easy to breed mosquitoes and pollute water, so a more time-sensitive approach is needed to deal with the increasing amount of organic waste in a simple and fast way to avoid the destruction of the environment by organic waste.

In order to solve the defects and problems existing in the treatment of organic waste in the prior art, a waste treatment equipment is provided.

The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve its technical problems is: the garbage disposal equipment of the present invention includes a rack body, a storage barrel, a shredding device, a stirring device, and a buffer tank; The upper end face of the rack body is matched with the storage barrel, the front end face of the rack body is provided with a control panel and a heat radiation hole, and a discharge hopper is provided at the lower end of the side of the rack body; the storage bucket is provided on the upper side of the rack body, The upper end of the storage barrel is equipped with a sealing cover, the upper edge of the storage barrel is buckled on the upper end surface of the frame body, and the lower material opening of the storage barrel is directly facing the shredder device; the shredder device is provided in the storage Directly below the discharge opening of the barrel, there are two rotating shafts on the shredding device. The two rotating shafts are coordinated by gears. The two rotating shafts rotate in opposite directions at the same speed, and the two rotating shafts are evenly arranged. The cooperating cam, the lower end of the shredding device is the blanking port, and the blanking port is facing the stirring device; the stirring device includes a drum and a stirring screw wheel, and the stirring screw wheel is spirally distributed on a rotating shaft , And driven by the rotating shaft, there is an automatic discharge device on the side of the drum. The stirring device is set on a heating oil tank. The heating oil tank is equipped with a heating rod and heating oil. The heating oil tank heats the drum to make A constant temperature of about 70°C is maintained in the drum; the buffer tank is provided at the side of the storage drum and at the upper end of the stirring device. The buffer tank is connected to the drum and a vacuum pump device.

The sealing cover is composed of a lower cover body and an upper cover body. The lower cover body is an upper edge cover. The lower cover body is pressed against the upper end surface of the frame body. The upper cover body includes a cover door, a rotating cover handle and a rotating base. The rotating base is fixedly connected to the upper end surface of the rack body, the rotating cover handle hinge is on the rotating base, the rotating cover handle can rotate 360°, the rotating cover handle is also provided with a rotating handle, and the lower end of the rotating cover handle is connected with the cover door, The rotating cover handle moves the cover door by turning the handle left and right.

The cam and the two rotating shaft parts distributed by the cam are sealed in a sealed box, the upper end of the sealed box communicates with the material storage barrel, and the lower end of the sealed box is a material discharge port.

The storage barrel, the sealed box of the shredding device, and the discharge opening and the stirring device are all in a sealed state.

The automatic discharging device is provided with a sealing discharging sealing door, the sealing discharging sealing door is connected with a door opening connecting rod, and the sealing discharging sealing door is directly facing the discharging hopper.

The side of the buffer tank is also provided with a cooling water circulation system, and the cooling water circulation system is connected to the storage barrel, the shredding device and the stirring device through the water path.

The heating oil tank is also provided with a temperature probe tube, which is matched with a through hole on the front end surface of the rack body.

High-temperature strains are added to the storage barrel, which accelerates fermentation.

A deodorizing tank is provided at the lower end of the vacuum pumping device, and deodorizing bacteria are placed in the deodorizing tank.

The heating oil in the heating oil tank maintains a temperature of 65°C-75°C.

Compared with the prior art, the garbage disposal equipment of the present invention effectively combines a storage barrel, a shredding device, a stirring device, a buffer tank and a deodorizing tank to crush rotten vegetables and fruits on the farm and various kitchen garbage in life Decompose, add high-temperature strains at the same time, and then ferment to form bio-organic fertilizer. At the same time, the deodorizing bacteria in the deodorizing tank can effectively remove the odor of organic waste, which will not pollute the environment and the air, and solve the problem of domestic waste disposal. It can also decompose organic waste into biological organic fertilizer and provide farmers with organic vegetables or flowers and fruit trees used in the garden. Therefore, it is a small, cheap organic waste treatment equipment with convenient use and obvious effect Such advantages are very suitable for small farms, supermarkets, restaurants, central kitchens, school canteens, fish and vegetable markets and other places.

10: Frame

11: upper end face

12: Control panel

13: heat dissipation hole

14: hopper

20: Storage barrel

21: Sealing cover

22: Lower cover

23: Cover

24: Cover the door

25: Rotate the lid handle

26: Rotating base

27: Rotating handle

30: Shredding device

31: hinge

32: Gear

33: cam

34: blanking opening

35: sealed box

40: Stirring device

41: Heating oil tank

42: Drum

43: Mixing spiral wheel

44: Rotating axis

45: Automatic discharge device

46: Sealing the discharge door

47: Door opening link

48: Probe tube

49: Heating rod and heating oil

50: buffer tank

51: Vacuum pump device

52: Cooling water circulation system

53: Deodorization tank

Figure 1: Schematic diagram of the cross-sectional structure of the garbage treatment equipment of the present invention; Figure 2: Schematic diagram of the exploded structure of the components in Figure 1.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the garbage disposal apparatus of the present invention includes a rack body 10, a storage barrel 20, a shredding device 30, a stirring device 40 and a buffer tank 50. The storage barrel 20, the shredding device 30, the stirring device 40, and the buffer tank 50 are all provided in the rack body 10, and the storage barrel 20 is provided on the upper side in the rack body 10. The shredding device 30 is provided directly below the storage barrel 20. The stirring device 40 is provided below the shredding device 30. The buffer tank 50 is provided at the side of the storage tank 20 and at the upper end of the stirring device 40.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the upper end surface 11 of the rack body 10 cooperates with the storage barrel 20, the front end surface of the rack body 10 is provided with a control panel 12 and a heat radiation hole 13, and a discharge hopper is provided at the lower end of the side surface of the rack body 10 14.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the upper end of the storage barrel 20 is provided with a sealing cover 21, the upper edge of the storage barrel 20 is buckled on the upper end surface 11 of the frame body 10, and the lower material opening of the lower end of the storage barrel 20 is Against the shredding device 30. The sealing cover 21 is composed of a lower cover body 22 and an upper cover body 23. The lower cover body 22 is an upper edge cover. The lower cover body 22 is pressed against the upper end surface 11 of the frame body 10. The upper cover body 23 includes a cover door 24 and a rotating cover handle 25 and a rotating base 26, the rotating base 26 is fixedly connected to the upper end surface 11 of the frame body 10, the rotating cover handle 25 is hinged on the rotating base 26, the rotating cover handle 25 can rotate 360°, and the rotating cover handle 25 A rotating handle 27 is also provided. The lower end of the rotating cover handle 25 is connected to the cover door 24. The rotating cover handle 25 moves the cover door 24 by turning the rotating handle 27 left and right. High-temperature strains are added into the storage barrel 20, and the high-temperature strains can accelerate the high-temperature fermentation of garbage in the storage barrel 20.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the shredder device 30 is provided directly below the discharge opening of the storage tank 20. The shredder device 30 is provided with two rotating shafts 31, and the two rotating shafts 31 are matched by gears 32. The two rotating shafts 31 rotate in opposite directions at the same speed. The two rotating shafts 31 are evenly arranged with mutually matching cams 33. The lower end of the shredding device 30 is a blanking port 34, and the blanking port 34 is directly facing the stirring device 40. Cam 33 to The two rotating shafts distributed by the cam 33 are sealed in a sealed box 35. The upper end of the sealed box 35 communicates with the storage tank 20, and the lower end of the sealed box 35 is a blanking port 34.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the stirring device 40 is provided on a heating oil tank 41; the stirring device 40 includes a drum 42 and a stirring screw wheel 43. The stirring screw wheel 43 is spirally distributed on a rotating shaft 44, stirring The spiral wheel 43 is driven to rotate by the rotating shaft 44, and an automatic discharge device 45 is provided on the side of the drum 42. The automatic discharge device 45 is provided with a sealed discharge seal door 46 which is connected to a door opening connecting rod 47 , Sealing the discharge door 46 is facing the discharge hopper 14. The heating oil tank 41 is also provided with a temperature probe tube 48 which cooperates with a through hole on the front end surface of the rack body 10 so that the temperature probe tube 48 is exposed on the front end surface of the rack body 10 for observation. The heating oil tank 41 is provided with heating rods and heating oil 49. The heating rods and heating oil 49 are heated in the heating oil tank 41, so that the protection temperature in the heating oil tank 41 is 65°C-75°C, and the heating oil tank 41 heats the drum 42 To maintain a constant temperature of about 70°C in the drum 42, the constant temperature of about 70°C is most suitable for high-temperature strains to accelerate fermentation and decompose garbage in the drum 42, in order to increase the speed of garbage disposal.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the buffer tank 50 is provided on the side of the storage tank 20 and the upper end of the stirring device 40. The buffer tank 50 is connected to the drum 42 and a vacuum pump device 51. The side of the buffer tank 50 is also provided with a cooling water circulation system 52. The cooling water circulation system 52 is connected to the storage tank 20, the shredding device 30 and the stirring device 40 through a water path. The storage drum 20, the sealed box 35 of the shredder device 30, the drop opening 34, and the stirring device 40 are all in a sealed state. A deodorizing tank 53 is provided at the lower end of the vacuum pump device 51. Deodorizing bacteria are placed in the deodorizing tank 53, and the deodorizing tank 53 deodorizes the odor in the stirring device 40 by the deodorizing bacteria.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, during operation, the garbage is put in the sealing cover 21, and then the cover door 24 is closed by rotating the cover handle 25 and the rotation handle 27, so that the storage tank 20 is in a sealed state, storing After the bucket 20 falls into the sealed box 35 of the shredder device 30, the cam 33 on the two rotating shafts 31 crushes the garbage to facilitate decomposition, and the shredded garbage falls from the shredder device 30 into the mixing device 40, and fermentation and decomposition are carried out in the stirring device 40. After the fermentation is decomposed, the buffer device 50 is evacuated by the vacuum pump device 51 through the vacuum pump device 51, and the odor in the stirring device 40 is drawn out by the buffer tank 50 Into It enters the deodorizing tank 53, and the deodorizing tank 53 deodorizes the odor in the stirring device 40 by the deodorizing bacteria, and then discharges it. After the odor in the mixing device 40 is exhausted, the door discharge rod 47 drives the sealing discharge sealing door 46 to open, and at the same time, the rotating shaft 44 drives the stirring screw 43 to discharge the organic fertilizer produced by decomposition and discharge from the discharge hopper 14 discharge. During this crushing and decomposition process, the cooling water circulation system 52 cools and discharges heat from the heat radiation holes 13. The whole process adopts automatic operation, and manual operation on the control panel 12 can be performed manually.

In summary, the garbage disposal equipment of the present invention effectively combines a storage barrel, a shredding device, a stirring device, a buffer tank and a deodorizing tank to crush and decompose rotten vegetables and fruits on the farm and various kitchen garbage in life At the same time, add high-temperature bacteria, and then ferment to form biological organic fertilizer. At the same time, the deodorizing bacteria in the deodorizing tank can effectively remove the odor of organic waste, which will not pollute the environment and the air, which solves the problem of domestic waste disposal. It can also decompose organic waste into biological organic fertilizer and provide farmers with organic vegetables or flowers and fruit trees used in the garden. Therefore, it is a small and cheap organic waste treatment equipment with convenient use and obvious effects. The advantages are very suitable for small farms, supermarkets, restaurants, central kitchens, school canteens, fish and vegetable markets and other places.

The embodiments of the present invention have been described illustratively but not restrictively, but it should be understood that those skilled in the art may make changes and modifications without departing from the relevant protection scope defined by the claims. /Or modify.

21: Sealing cover

25: Rotate the lid handle

26: Rotating base

27: Rotating handle

32: Gear

33: cam

35: sealed box

43: Mixing spiral wheel

44: Rotating axis

45: Automatic discharge device

50: buffer tank

51: Vacuum pump device

52: Cooling water circulation system

Claims (10)

  1. A garbage disposal equipment includes: a rack body whose upper end face cooperates with a storage barrel; a front panel of the rack body is provided with a control panel and a heat dissipation hole; a discharge hopper is provided at the lower end of the side of the rack body; the storage The material barrel is arranged on the upper side of the rack body, the upper end of the storage barrel is provided with a sealing cover, the upper edge of the storage barrel is buckled on the upper end surface of the rack body, and the lower material port of the storage barrel Directly facing the shredder device; the shredder device is arranged directly under the discharge opening of the storage barrel. The shredder device is provided with two rotating shafts, and the two rotating shafts are coordinated by gears. The rotating shafts rotate in opposite directions at the same speed, and the two rotating shafts are evenly arranged with mutually matching cams. The lower end of the shredding device is the blanking opening, and the blanking opening faces the mixing device; the mixing device , Including a drum and a stirring spiral wheel, the stirring spiral wheel is spirally distributed on a rotating shaft, and driven by the rotating shaft to rotate, an automatic discharge device is provided on the side of the drum, the stirring device It is installed on a heating oil tank with heating rods and heating oil. The heating oil tank heats the drum to maintain a constant temperature of about 70°C in the drum; and a buffer tank is provided in the storage The side of the material barrel and the upper end of the stirring device, the buffer tank is connected with the inside of the round barrel and a vacuum pump device.
  2. The garbage disposal equipment according to claim 1, wherein the sealing cover is composed of a lower cover body and an upper cover body, the lower cover body is the upper edge cover, the lower cover body is pressed against the upper end surface of the rack body, and the upper cover The body comprises a cover door, a rotating cover handle and a rotating base, the rotating base is fixedly connected to the upper end surface of the frame body, the rotating cover handle is hinged on the rotating base, the rotating cover handle can rotate 360°, The rotating lid handle A rotary handle is also arranged on the lower end of the rotary cover handle, and the cover door is connected to the lower end. The rotary cover handle moves the cover door by turning the rotary handle left and right.
  3. The garbage disposal equipment according to claim 1, wherein the cam and the two rotating shaft parts distributed by the cam are sealed in a sealed box, the upper end of the sealed box communicates with the storage barrel, and the lower end of the sealed box is the drop Feed.
  4. The garbage processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the storage barrel, the sealed box of the shredding device, and the discharge opening and the stirring device are all in a sealed state.
  5. The garbage disposal equipment according to claim 1, wherein the automatic discharge device is provided with a sealed discharge seal door, the sealed discharge seal door is connected with a door opening link, and the sealed discharge seal door is directly facing the discharge hopper.
  6. The garbage treatment equipment according to claim 1, wherein a cooling water circulation system is further provided on the side of the buffer tank, and the cooling water circulation system is connected to the storage barrel, the shredding device, and the stirring device through a water channel.
  7. The garbage processing equipment according to claim 1, wherein the heating oil tank is further provided with a temperature probe tube, and the temperature probe tube is matched with a through hole on the front end surface of the rack body.
  8. The garbage processing equipment according to claim 1, wherein a high-temperature strain is added to the storage barrel, and the high-temperature strain accelerates fermentation.
  9. The garbage treatment equipment according to claim 1, wherein a deodorizing tank is provided at the lower end of the vacuum pump device, and deodorizing bacteria are placed in the deodorizing tank.
  10. The garbage disposal apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the heating oil in the heating oil tank maintains a temperature of 65°C-75°C.
TW107141202A 2018-11-20 Waste treatment equipment TWI692380B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW107141202A TWI692380B (en) 2018-11-20 Waste treatment equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW107141202A TWI692380B (en) 2018-11-20 Waste treatment equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
TWI692380B true TWI692380B (en) 2020-05-01
TW202019574A TW202019574A (en) 2020-06-01

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101007955A (en) 2006-01-26 2007-08-01 张兴权 Carbonized city garbage fuel block preparation method and its dedicated apparatus
CN103190688A (en) 2013-04-03 2013-07-10 安徽农业大学 Novel vertical all-in-one machine for dry and wet feed smashing and mixing
CN106665185A (en) 2017-02-10 2017-05-17 广州市林业和园林科学研究院 Intelligent control mixing production line for three-dimensional greening cultivation media

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101007955A (en) 2006-01-26 2007-08-01 张兴权 Carbonized city garbage fuel block preparation method and its dedicated apparatus
CN103190688A (en) 2013-04-03 2013-07-10 安徽农业大学 Novel vertical all-in-one machine for dry and wet feed smashing and mixing
CN103190688B (en) 2013-04-03 2015-12-23 安徽农业大学 A kind of vertical dry moist forage crushing mixing integration machine
CN106665185A (en) 2017-02-10 2017-05-17 广州市林业和园林科学研究院 Intelligent control mixing production line for three-dimensional greening cultivation media

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