TWI461676B - Establish the adjustment of the reference axis and the datum - Google Patents

Establish the adjustment of the reference axis and the datum Download PDF

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TWI461676B
TWI461676B TW101150950A TW101150950A TWI461676B TW I461676 B TWI461676 B TW I461676B TW 101150950 A TW101150950 A TW 101150950A TW 101150950 A TW101150950 A TW 101150950A TW I461676 B TWI461676 B TW I461676B
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adjusting
adjustment
hole
block
axis
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TW101150950A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201425896A (en
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Chia Pin Lin
Chun Pin Yang
Hui Shan Sun
Jinn Feng Jiang
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Metal Ind Res & Dev Ct
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建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具Establish adjustment tool for reference axis and reference plane
本發明係有關於一種調整治具,特別是有關一種供檢測儀器使用的基準軸與基準面的調整治具。The present invention relates to an adjustment jig, and more particularly to an adjustment jig for a reference axis and a reference surface for use in a test instrument.
一般的檢測車輪作業係使用一種水平檢測平尺以夾檢測車輪的水平偏斜。使用水平檢測平尺雖然有較凖確的與車輪側面接觸狀態,且能測出較準確的數值,但由於該檢測尺重量大、結構尺寸長,尺長為3~4公尺,剛性差,無法控制變形,測量時需要一個標準檢測台,測量一個數據就要校正一次,且校正較為困難,使用極不方便,效率低,根本不能適應實際生產需要。A typical inspection wheel operation uses a horizontal detection scale to detect the horizontal deflection of the wheel. Although the horizontal detection flat ruler has a more accurate contact with the side of the wheel and can detect a more accurate value, the test piece has a large weight and a long structural length, the length of the ruler is 3 to 4 meters, and the rigidity is poor. It is impossible to control the deformation. A standard inspection station is needed for the measurement. It is necessary to calibrate one data once, and the calibration is difficult. The use is extremely inconvenient and the efficiency is low, and it cannot meet the actual production needs at all.
CN201010231764.3公開了一種可攜式汽車輪檢測儀,其係採用積木式的拼裝結構。其底座上固定有定心支架,旋轉筒可轉動的支撐在定心支架的軸頸上,定心支架上連接有編碼器,編碼器的轉動軸與旋轉筒連接,車輪定位裝置固定在旋轉筒上端;一個水平伸出的導軌支架連接在定心支架的下端,導軌支架上設有導軌,導軌上支撐有磁性固定支座,磁性固定支座上固定有立柱,感測器測頭機構通過鎖緊螺釘鎖緊在立柱上;該檢測儀還設有由ARM最小系統、供電模組、人機介面模組、檢測模組和存儲器模組組成的嵌入式電器硬體平台,檢測模組由傳感器信號埠和編碼器埠組成。CN201010231764.3 discloses a portable automobile wheel detector, which adopts a modular structure. A centering bracket is fixed on the base, and the rotating cylinder is rotatably supported on the journal of the centering bracket. The encoder is connected to the centering bracket, the rotating shaft of the encoder is connected with the rotating cylinder, and the wheel positioning device is fixed in the rotating cylinder. The upper end; a horizontally extending rail bracket is connected to the lower end of the centering bracket, the rail bracket is provided with a guide rail, the rail supports the magnetic fixing bracket, the magnetic fixing bracket is fixed with the column, and the sensor probe mechanism is locked The tightening screw is locked on the column; the detector is further provided with an embedded electrical hardware platform composed of an ARM minimum system, a power supply module, a human-machine interface module, a detection module and a memory module, and the detection module is composed of a sensor The signal 埠 and the encoder 埠 are composed.
惟包含上述檢測儀器在內的檢測機構,其組成元件大 多是包含其直接在待測件上組裝的組裝機構或附掛機構、甚至需要改裝待測件周邊的環境構件,方能作為基礎而架起檢測儀器,並沒有將組裝機構自檢測儀器拆出而獨立成可簡易附掛到待測件上,並適用多種不同的檢測儀器的構想。However, the detection mechanism including the above-mentioned detection instrument has a large component Most of them are assembly mechanisms or attachment mechanisms that are assembled directly on the device to be tested, and even need to modify the environmental components around the device to be tested, so that the detection instrument can be set up as a basis, and the assembly mechanism is not removed from the detection instrument. The independent unit can be easily attached to the workpiece to be tested, and the concept of a variety of different testing instruments can be applied.
本發明目的在於提供一種可直接掛附在一轉動件上,並以該轉動件為基礎,供給測量儀器使用的基準軸與基準面的調整治具。SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide an adjustment jig that can be directly attached to a rotating member and supplied to a reference shaft and a reference surface used by the measuring instrument based on the rotating member.
本發明所提供之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具包含基準面校正塊、調整腳座、基準軸校正塊以及同心度調整螺栓。基準面校正塊具有一盤面、一位於盤面一側之平台與一中心通孔,該盤面包括至少三個階梯孔,該平台側面設置有數個與該中心通孔連通的同心度調整螺孔。調整腳座設置至少三個,每個調整腳座係連接該基準面校正塊於每個對應的該些柱螺栓上,其每一調整腳座包含有可調整角度的關節,以改變該盤面與該調整腳座之間的夾角。基準軸校正塊具有一蓋板和一自該蓋板軸向突伸之軸體,該軸體穿入該基準面校正塊之該中心通孔並螺鎖該蓋板於該盤面,該基準軸校正塊中心位置具有一中心孔。數個同心度調整螺栓係對應並螺設於該同心度調整螺孔,以頂抵並平行調整該軸體中心軸。The adjustment jig for establishing the reference axis and the reference surface provided by the present invention includes a reference surface correction block, an adjustment foot base, a reference axis correction block, and a concentricity adjustment bolt. The reference surface correction block has a disk surface, a platform on one side of the disk surface and a central through hole. The disk surface includes at least three stepped holes, and the side of the platform is provided with a plurality of concentricity adjusting screw holes communicating with the central through hole. Adjusting the foot seat to at least three, each adjusting foot base is connected to the reference surface correcting block on each of the corresponding stud bolts, and each adjusting foot base comprises an adjustable angle joint to change the disc surface and This adjusts the angle between the feet. The reference axis correction block has a cover plate and a shaft body extending axially from the cover plate, the shaft body penetrating the center through hole of the reference surface correction block and screwing the cover plate to the disk surface, the reference axis correction The block center position has a center hole. A plurality of concentricity adjustment bolts are correspondingly screwed to the concentricity adjustment screw holes to axially abut and adjust the central axis of the shaft body in parallel.
在一實施例中,每一調整腳座包含:轉接螺栓、調整螺栓、調整塊、關節機構以及鎖固螺栓。轉接螺栓係螺固 於該些柱螺栓其中之一。調整螺栓係軸向螺接於該轉接螺栓,其中心位置具有一中心通孔。調整塊係具有一中心通孔。關節機構係設置於該調整螺栓與該調整塊之間,其在該調整螺栓與該調整塊兩元件相對鄰接處分別具有一球面及對應的一球窩座。鎖固螺栓係由該盤面之一階梯孔穿入並依序穿過該調整塊的中心通孔、該調整螺栓的中心通孔而螺固於該轉接螺栓上。上述構件中調整塊中心通孔孔徑大於該鎖固螺栓的直徑且該調整塊面對該盤面一側為平面,該調整螺栓可沿其軸線螺旋移動而壓迫該調整塊,以固持該球面與該球窩座之間的角度。In an embodiment, each of the adjustment feet includes: an adapter bolt, an adjustment bolt, an adjustment block, a joint mechanism, and a locking bolt. Transfer bolt One of the studs. The adjusting bolt is axially screwed to the adapter bolt and has a central through hole at a center position thereof. The adjustment block has a central through hole. The joint mechanism is disposed between the adjusting bolt and the adjusting block, and has a spherical surface and a corresponding ball socket seat respectively adjacent to the adjusting bolt and the adjusting block. The locking bolt is threaded through a stepped hole of the disk surface and sequentially passes through the central through hole of the adjusting block and the central through hole of the adjusting bolt to be screwed to the adjusting bolt. In the above component, the center hole diameter of the adjusting block is larger than the diameter of the locking bolt and the adjusting block faces the side of the disk surface, and the adjusting bolt can be spirally moved along the axis thereof to press the adjusting block to hold the spherical surface and the The angle between the ball sockets.
在一實施例中,該些同心度調整螺孔為互呈120度設置的三個同心度調整螺孔或互呈90度設置的四個同心度調整螺孔。In one embodiment, the concentricity adjustment screw holes are three concentricity adjustment screw holes disposed at 120 degrees to each other or four concentricity adjustment screw holes disposed at 90 degrees to each other.
在一實施例中,可更包含一量測基板組件,其包括一基板,該基板中心位置藉由軸承組設一螺桿,該量測基板組件藉由該螺桿螺入該基準軸校正塊之該中心螺孔。In one embodiment, the method further includes a measuring substrate assembly including a substrate, wherein the center of the substrate is provided with a screw through the bearing assembly, and the measuring substrate assembly is screwed into the reference axis correcting block by the screw Center screw hole.
根據上述技術特徵,本發明可適用絕多數車型,且為一模組式設計,使用者可快速簡易地定位於車輪輪轂上,並快速校調到與輪軸一致的同心度、垂直度,後端可提供量測儀器模組式連接,以方便不同測量儀器連接使用。According to the above technical features, the present invention can be applied to most models, and is a modular design, the user can quickly and easily locate on the wheel hub, and quickly adjust to the concentricity and verticality consistent with the axle, the rear end A modular connection of measuring instruments is available to facilitate the connection of different measuring instruments.
茲配合圖式說明本發明之實施例如下。The embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
首先請參照圖1繪示的本發明之基準軸與基準面的調整治具實施例的正剖視分解圖、圖2繪示的本發明之建立 基準軸與基準面的調整治具附掛於輪轂實施例的立體分解圖以及圖3繪示的圖2之立體組合圖。本實施例之調整治具20係可供需要應用基準軸及/或基準面進行檢測的測量儀器使用,該調整治具20適用於一轉動件10,例如輪轂(Wheel Hub),該轉動件10係具有以一中心線11為軸心旋轉的一盤體12,該盤體12固設有至少三個平行且環繞分佈於該中心線11的柱螺栓13,該調整治具20包含基準面校正塊21、調整腳座22、基準軸校正塊23以及同心度調整螺栓24:基準面校正塊21,具有盤面211、位於盤面211一側之平台212與軸向貫穿盤面211、平台212的中心通孔213,盤面211包括至少三個階梯孔2111,平台212側面2121設置有數個與中心通孔213連通的同心度調整螺孔2122。調整腳座22至少設置有三組,每個調整腳座22一端連接於基準面校正塊21、另一端對應連接在該些柱螺栓13上,以在該些柱螺栓13上架起基準面校正塊21,其每一調整腳座22包含有可調整角度的關節,以改變基準面校正塊21的盤面211與調整腳座22之間的夾角。基準軸校正塊23具有蓋板231和自蓋板231軸向突伸的軸體232,軸體232穿入基準面校正塊21之中心通孔213並以螺絲螺鎖蓋板231於盤面211,基準軸校正塊23中心位置具有一中心孔233。同心度調整螺栓24係對應於同心度調整螺孔2122並螺設其上,同心度調整螺栓24的尾端用以頂抵並平行調整軸體232的中心軸(基準軸234)位置;為了使 該基準軸校正塊23可以保持徑向移動,該些同心度調整螺孔2122可依據該軸體232的中心軸(基準軸234)為中心而互呈120度設置三個或互呈90度設置四個。First, please refer to FIG. 1 for a schematic sectional view of an embodiment of an adjustment jig of a reference axis and a reference surface of the present invention, and FIG. 2 shows the establishment of the present invention. The adjustment jig of the reference axis and the reference surface is attached to the perspective exploded view of the hub embodiment and the perspective assembled view of FIG. 2 . The adjustment jig 20 of the present embodiment can be used for a measuring instrument that needs to apply a reference axis and/or a reference surface for detecting. The adjustment jig 20 is suitable for a rotating member 10, such as a hub (Wheel Hub), the rotating member 10 The tray body 12 has a disk body 12 rotating about a center line 11 , and the disk body 12 is fixed with at least three studs 13 which are parallel and distributed around the center line 11 . The adjustment jig 20 includes a reference surface correction. Block 21, adjustment foot 22, reference axis correction block 23, and concentricity adjustment bolt 24: reference surface correction block 21 having a disk surface 211, a platform 212 on the disk surface 211 side, and an axially through disk surface 211, the center of the platform 212 The hole 213, the disk surface 211 includes at least three stepped holes 2111, and the side surface 2121 of the platform 212 is provided with a plurality of concentricity adjusting screw holes 2122 communicating with the central through hole 213. The adjusting foot 22 is provided with at least three sets, one end of each adjusting foot 22 is connected to the reference surface correcting block 21, and the other end is correspondingly connected to the stud bolts 13 to fix the reference surface correcting block 21 on the stud bolts 13 Each of the adjustment feet 22 includes an adjustable angle joint to change the angle between the disk surface 211 of the reference surface correction block 21 and the adjustment foot 22. The reference axis correction block 23 has a cover plate 231 and a shaft body 232 protruding axially from the cover plate 231. The shaft body 232 penetrates into the center through hole 213 of the reference surface correction block 21 and screws the cover plate 231 to the disk surface 211. The center position of the reference axis correction block 23 has a center hole 233. The concentricity adjusting bolt 24 corresponds to the concentricity adjusting screw hole 2122 and is screwed thereon, and the tail end of the concentricity adjusting bolt 24 is used to abut against and adjust the position of the central axis (reference axis 234) of the shaft body 232 in parallel; The reference axis correction block 23 can maintain a radial movement. The concentricity adjustment screw holes 2122 can be set at three degrees or at 90 degrees with each other according to the central axis of the shaft body 232 (the reference axis 234). Four.
詳言之,上述的每一調整腳座22包含:轉接螺栓221、調整螺栓222、調整塊223、關節機構224以及鎖固螺栓225。轉接螺栓221係以頭端螺固在對應的柱螺栓13(三個轉接螺栓221分別螺固在三只柱螺栓13)。調整螺栓222係以其頭端軸向螺接在該轉接螺栓221尾端,調整螺栓222的中心軸的位置具有一中心通孔2221。調整塊223係具有在其軸向中心位置貫穿的中心通孔2231。關節機構224係設置於調整螺栓222與調整塊224之間,其在調整螺栓222與調整塊223兩元件鄰接位置分別具有一球面2241及對應的一球窩座2242(其中,球面2241係可設置在調整塊223上、球窩座2242設置在調整螺栓222上;或是球面2241可設置在調整螺栓222上、球窩座2242設置在調整塊223上)。鎖固螺栓225由盤面211之一階梯孔2111穿入,使其鎖固螺栓225的頭部卡在階梯孔2111內身部穿出盤面211後依序穿過調整塊223的中心通孔2231、調整螺栓222的中心通孔2221而螺固在轉接螺栓221上。其中,調整塊223中心通孔2231的孔徑需稍大於鎖固螺栓225的直徑,以預留調整塊223在角度調整時的偏轉餘隙,且調整塊223面對盤面211一側為平面2232,以貼合盤面211,調整螺栓222可沿其螺入於轉接螺栓221的軸線螺旋移動而緊迫調整塊223,以維持校調過程中的球面2241與球窩座2242 之間的角度,並在三組調整腳座22相互協調其與盤面211夾角,進而可調整盤面211與轉動件10中心線11所夾的角度到趨近垂直。當然,為使上述球面2241與球窩座2242之間的角度易於維持,可在鎖固螺栓225與該階梯孔2111之間的階梯孔2111內設置一壓縮儲能的彈性元件25(例如壓縮彈簧),以在鎖固螺栓225的軸向與盤面211之間施加一持續的應力,此應力將會傳遞到球面2241上並轉而形成壓迫球窩座2242之力。In detail, each of the adjustment feet 22 described above includes an adapter bolt 221, an adjustment bolt 222, an adjustment block 223, a joint mechanism 224, and a locking bolt 225. The adapter bolt 221 is screwed to the corresponding stud bolt 13 at the head end (the three adapter bolts 221 are respectively screwed to the three stud bolts 13). The adjusting bolt 222 is axially screwed at the end of the adapter bolt 221 with its head end. The central axis of the adjusting bolt 222 has a central through hole 2221. The adjustment block 223 has a center through hole 2231 penetrating at its axial center position. The joint mechanism 224 is disposed between the adjusting bolt 222 and the adjusting block 224. The adjusting bolt 222 and the adjusting block 223 have a spherical surface 2241 and a corresponding ball socket 2242 respectively (where the spherical surface 2241 can be set). On the adjusting block 223, the ball socket 2242 is disposed on the adjusting bolt 222; or the spherical surface 2241 may be disposed on the adjusting bolt 222, and the ball socket 2242 is disposed on the adjusting block 223). The locking bolt 225 is inserted through the stepped hole 2111 of the disk surface 211, so that the head of the locking bolt 225 is caught in the stepped hole 2111, and the body passes through the disk surface 211 and sequentially passes through the center through hole 2231 of the adjusting block 223. The center through hole 2221 of the adjusting bolt 222 is screwed to the adapter bolt 221. The aperture of the central through hole 2231 of the adjusting block 223 is slightly larger than the diameter of the locking bolt 225 to reserve the deflection clearance of the adjusting block 223 during the angle adjustment, and the side of the adjusting block 223 facing the disk surface 211 is a plane 2232. To fit the disk surface 211, the adjusting bolt 222 can be spirally moved along the axis of the adapter bolt 221 to tightly adjust the block 223 to maintain the spherical surface 2241 and the ball socket 2242 during the calibration process. The angle between the three sets of adjusting feet 22 is coordinated with the disk surface 211, and the angle between the disk surface 211 and the center line 11 of the rotating member 10 can be adjusted to be nearly vertical. Of course, in order to easily maintain the angle between the spherical surface 2241 and the ball socket 2242, a compression energy storage elastic member 25 (for example, a compression spring) may be disposed in the stepped hole 2111 between the locking bolt 225 and the stepped hole 2111. ), a constant stress is applied between the axial direction of the locking bolt 225 and the disk surface 211, and this stress is transmitted to the spherical surface 2241 and turns to form a force for compressing the ball socket 2242.
續請同時參照圖4至圖7所繪示的本發明之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具附掛於輪胎外側並校調基準軸及基準面的實施例的結構流程圖。本實施例中,該轉動件10上更套設一輪胎30,輪胎30係以輪圈31套入柱螺栓13的方式套接(如圖4所示),但不鎖螺母,以供調整腳座22裝設,而其餘的調整治具構件基準軸、基準面的校調操作方式,則與圖1至圖3的實施方式相同,如圖5係繪示將基準軸校正塊23結合到基準面校正塊21,並將基準面校正塊21螺固到三只調整腳座上。圖6繪示應用量錶M的測量頭H校正基準面2311與轉動件10的中心線11的垂直度(即使基準面2311與轉動件基準面P重合)以及基準軸234與中心線11(轉動件基準軸A)的同心度。Continuing to refer to the structural flowchart of the embodiment in which the adjustment jig for establishing the reference axis and the reference surface of the present invention, which is shown in FIG. 4 to FIG. 7 , is attached to the outside of the tire and the reference axis and the reference surface are adjusted. In this embodiment, the rotating member 10 is further sleeved with a tire 30, and the tire 30 is sleeved by the rim 31 inserted into the stud 13 (as shown in FIG. 4), but the nut is not locked for adjusting the foot. The seat 22 is installed, and the adjustment operation mode of the reference jig and the reference surface of the remaining adjustment jig members is the same as that of the embodiment of FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, and FIG. 5 shows that the reference axis correction block 23 is coupled to the reference. The face correction block 21 is screwed to the three adjustment feet. 6 illustrates the perpendicularity of the measuring head H correction reference surface 2311 of the application amount meter M to the center line 11 of the rotating member 10 (even if the reference surface 2311 coincides with the rotating member reference surface P) and the reference axis 234 and the center line 11 (rotation) The concentricity of the reference axis A).
如圖8、圖9所繪示的本發明之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具的基準面垂直度校正前、後實施例之前視圖。 本實施例之該轉動件10係以一中心線11為軸心旋轉,其轉動件10具有與其中心線11重合的轉動件基準軸A以及 與該中心線11垂直的轉動件基準面P。本實施例中更例示了調整治具20的基準面2311與轉動件10的旋轉軸中心線11的垂直度(即是使基準面2311與中心線11保持在一定公差範圍內的垂直度),如圖8所示,該基準軸校正塊23的蓋板231頂面為基準面2311,該基準面2311由三個環繞鼎立的調整腳座22決定其與中心線11的夾角,調整該基準面2311時,先以量錶M測量頭H接觸該基準面2311,慢速轉動轉動件10以找出需要校調的位置,將鄰近該位置的調整腳座22之調整螺栓222微微螺鬆(調整螺栓222向轉接螺栓221移動)但仍保持與調整塊223的抵壓力,微調該基準面2311的角度(調整該調整塊223球面2241與該調整螺栓222球窩座2242的夾角)後,再將調整螺栓222微微螺緊(調整螺栓222向調整塊223移動),以緊固該角度關係,經由三點成面方式,逐個調整每個調整腳座22,以使該基準面2311與該中心線11保持垂直(即該基準面2311與該轉動件基準面P重合),如圖9所示,另外,為使調整螺栓222得以微調,其與轉接螺栓221之間的螺紋可採用細螺紋的螺距(Pitch)。8 and 9, the front view of the front and rear embodiments of the adjustment surface of the adjustment jig of the present invention for establishing the reference axis and the reference surface is corrected. The rotating member 10 of the embodiment rotates with a center line 11 as an axis, and the rotating member 10 has a rotating member reference axis A that coincides with the center line 11 thereof. A rotating member reference plane P perpendicular to the center line 11. In the present embodiment, the perpendicularity of the reference surface 2311 of the jig 20 and the rotation axis center line 11 of the rotating member 10 (that is, the perpendicularity of the reference surface 2311 and the center line 11 within a certain tolerance range) is further illustrated. As shown in FIG. 8, the top surface of the cover plate 231 of the reference axis correction block 23 is a reference surface 2311. The reference surface 2311 is defined by three adjustment feet 22 which are arranged around the center line, and the reference plane is adjusted. At 2311, the measuring head H first contacts the reference surface 2311, and the rotating member 10 is slowly rotated to find the position to be adjusted, and the adjusting bolt 222 of the adjusting foot 22 adjacent to the position is slightly screwed (adjusted) The bolt 222 moves to the transfer bolt 221 but still maintains the pressing force with the adjusting block 223, and finely adjusts the angle of the reference surface 2311 (adjust the angle between the spherical surface 2241 of the adjusting block 223 and the socket 2242 of the adjusting bolt 222), and then The adjusting bolt 222 is slightly screwed (the adjusting bolt 222 is moved to the adjusting block 223) to tighten the angular relationship, and each adjusting foot 22 is adjusted one by one by a three-point face-to-face manner so that the reference surface 2311 and the center are The line 11 remains vertical (ie, the reference surface 2311 and the rotating member base Coincident plane P), as shown in Figure 9, addition, for the fine adjustment of the adjustment screw 222 is threaded between the bolt and the adapter 221 which can be a fine thread pitch (Pitch).
如圖10、圖11所繪示的本發明之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具的基準軸同心度校正前、後實施例之前視圖。本實施例中係先將該基準面2311與該中心線11保持垂直後再接續實作,其係先將同心度調整螺栓24徑向螺入同心度調整螺孔2122,以抵住基準軸校正塊23的軸體232(軸體232的中心軸線為基準軸234),再以量錶M測量頭 H接觸該蓋板231的外徑表面2312,慢速轉動轉動件10以找出需要校調的位置,將鄰近該位置的同心度調整螺孔2122之其餘的同心度調整螺孔2122微微螺出、鄰近該位置的同心度調整螺孔2122螺入,再次以量錶M進行校調外徑表面2312的偏移量,反覆操作後得以將基準軸234的中心位置重合於轉動件基準軸A上。As shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 , the front view of the reference axis concentricity correction of the adjustment jig of the present invention for establishing the reference axis and the reference surface is a front view of the embodiment. In this embodiment, the reference surface 2311 is first perpendicular to the center line 11 and then continuously implemented. The concentricity adjusting bolt 24 is first screwed into the concentricity adjusting screw hole 2122 to resist the reference axis correction. The shaft body 232 of the block 23 (the central axis of the shaft body 232 is the reference axis 234), and then the measuring head of the measuring meter M H contacts the outer diameter surface 2312 of the cover plate 231, and slowly rotates the rotating member 10 to find a position to be adjusted, and the remaining concentricity adjusting screw holes 2122 of the concentricity adjusting screw hole 2122 adjacent to the position are slightly screwed out. The concentricity adjusting screw hole 2122 adjacent to the position is screwed in, and the offset of the outer diameter surface 2312 is adjusted by the gauge M again. After the operation, the center position of the reference shaft 234 is superposed on the reference axis A of the rotating member. .
如圖1、圖2及圖7所示,在一實施例中,調整治具20更可包含一量測基板組件40,該量測基板組件40具有一基板41,該基板41的中心位置藉由軸承42組設一可自由轉動的螺桿43,該量測基板組件40藉由該螺桿43螺入該基準軸校正塊23之該中心孔233,該中心孔233為一螺孔。而為了在該螺桿43軸向與該基準軸校正塊23之間施加一持續的應力,以減少量測基板組件40的晃動,該螺桿43與該中心孔233之間的該中心孔內可設置一壓縮儲能的彈性元件50。As shown in FIG. 1 , FIG. 2 and FIG. 7 , in one embodiment, the adjustment fixture 20 further includes a measurement substrate assembly 40 having a substrate 41 with a central position of the substrate 41 A freely rotatable screw 43 is assembled from the bearing 42. The measuring substrate assembly 40 is screwed into the central hole 233 of the reference shaft correction block 23 by the screw 43. The central hole 233 is a screw hole. In order to apply a continuous stress between the axial direction of the screw 43 and the reference axis correction block 23 to reduce the shaking of the measuring substrate assembly 40, the center hole between the screw 43 and the center hole 233 can be set. A compression-loaded elastic element 50.
綜上所述,本發明之特點在於本發明為一模組式設計,使用者可快速簡易地定位於一欲測量的轉動件如一車輪輪轂上,且由於本發明構件重量輕,機動性足,且由於其調整腳座應用了應用3個螺栓固定於車輪輪轂/輪圈上,藉由3點(球面-球窩)成面的概念及細螺紋的螺距(Pitch)來微調車輪的平面度及同心度,以利車輛在執行靜態量測時車輪面可快速的與感測器連接配合。因此,本發明採用3點(球面-球窩)成面的技術,可快速微調車輪的垂直度及同心度。本發明的結構設計輕巧,可快速調整、易架設, 同時製造成本低,最重要的是可適用絕多數車型而不必變更原車任何零件。In summary, the present invention is characterized in that the present invention is a modular design, which can be quickly and easily positioned by a user on a rotating member to be measured, such as a wheel hub, and because the member of the present invention is light in weight and maneuverable, And because the adjustment foot is applied to the wheel hub/rim by applying 3 bolts, the flatness of the wheel is finely adjusted by the concept of 3 points (spherical-ball socket) and the pitch of the fine thread (Pitch). Concentricity, in order to facilitate the vehicle to perform static measurement, the wheel surface can be quickly coupled with the sensor. Therefore, the present invention employs a 3-point (spherical-ball-socket) face-forming technique to quickly fine-tune the verticality and concentricity of the wheel. The structure design of the invention is light and can be quickly adjusted and erected. At the same time, the manufacturing cost is low, and the most important thing is that most models can be applied without changing any parts of the original car.
前述本發明所採用的技術手段之實施方式或實施例,並非用來限定本創作專利實施之範圍。即凡與本發明專利申請範圍文義相符,或依本發明專利範圍所做的均等變化與修飾,皆為本發明專利範圍所涵蓋。The embodiments or examples of the technical means adopted by the present invention are not intended to limit the scope of implementation of the present patent. That is, the equivalent changes and modifications made in accordance with the scope of the patent application of the present invention or the scope of the invention are covered by the scope of the invention.
10‧‧‧轉動件10‧‧‧Rotating parts
11‧‧‧中心線11‧‧‧ center line
12‧‧‧盤體12‧‧‧ dish
13‧‧‧柱螺栓13‧‧‧ column bolt
20‧‧‧調整治具20‧‧‧Adjustment fixture
21‧‧‧基準面校正塊21‧‧‧Base correction block
211‧‧‧盤面211‧‧‧
2111‧‧‧階梯孔2111‧‧‧step hole
212‧‧‧平台212‧‧‧ platform
2121‧‧‧側面2121‧‧‧ side
2122‧‧‧同心度調整螺孔2122‧‧‧Concentricity adjustment screw hole
213‧‧‧中心通孔213‧‧‧Center through hole
22‧‧‧調整腳座22‧‧‧Adjust the foot
221‧‧‧轉接螺栓221‧‧‧Adapter bolt
222‧‧‧調整螺栓222‧‧‧ Adjusting bolts
2221‧‧‧中心通孔2221‧‧‧Center through hole
223‧‧‧調整塊223‧‧‧Adjustment block
2231‧‧‧中心通孔2231‧‧‧Center through hole
2232‧‧‧平面2232‧‧‧ Plane
224‧‧‧關節機構224‧‧‧ joint body
2241‧‧‧球面2241‧‧‧ spherical
2242‧‧‧球窩座2242‧‧‧ Ball seat
225‧‧‧鎖固螺栓225‧‧‧Lock bolts
23‧‧‧基準軸校正塊23‧‧‧Base axis correction block
231‧‧‧蓋板231‧‧‧ Cover
2311‧‧‧基準面2311‧‧ ‧ datum
2312‧‧‧外徑表面2312‧‧‧Outer diameter surface
232‧‧‧軸體232‧‧‧Axis
233‧‧‧中心孔233‧‧‧ center hole
234‧‧‧基準軸234‧‧‧reference axis
24‧‧‧同心度調整螺栓24‧‧‧Concentricity adjustment bolt
25‧‧‧壓縮儲能的彈性元件25‧‧‧Compressed energy storage elastic components
30‧‧‧輪胎30‧‧‧ tires
31‧‧‧輪圈31‧‧‧ rims
40‧‧‧量測基板組件40‧‧‧Measurement substrate assembly
41‧‧‧基板41‧‧‧Substrate
42‧‧‧軸承42‧‧‧ bearing
43‧‧‧螺桿43‧‧‧ screw
50‧‧‧壓縮儲能的彈性元件50‧‧‧Compressed energy storage elastic components
A‧‧‧轉動件基準軸A‧‧‧Rotary reference axis
P‧‧‧轉動件基準面P‧‧‧Rotating element datum
M‧‧‧量錶M‧‧‧ scale
H‧‧‧測量頭H‧‧·measuring head
圖1為本發明之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具實施例的正剖視分解圖。BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. 1 is a front cross-sectional exploded view showing an embodiment of an adjustment jig for establishing a reference axis and a reference surface according to the present invention.
圖2為本發明之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具附掛於輪轂實施例的立體分解圖。2 is an exploded perspective view showing an embodiment in which an adjustment jig for establishing a reference axis and a reference surface is attached to a hub according to the present invention.
圖3為圖2之立體組合圖。Figure 3 is a perspective assembled view of Figure 2.
圖4至圖7為本發明之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具附掛於輪胎外側並校調基準軸及基準面的實施例的結構流程圖。4 to 7 are structural flowcharts of an embodiment in which an adjustment jig for establishing a reference axis and a reference surface is attached to the outside of the tire and the reference axis and the reference surface are adjusted.
圖8為本發明之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具的基準面垂直度校正前實施例之前視圖。Fig. 8 is a front elevational view showing the embodiment of the front surface perpendicularity correction of the adjustment jig for establishing the reference axis and the reference surface of the present invention.
圖9為本發明之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具的基準面垂直度校正後實施例之前視圖。Fig. 9 is a front elevational view showing the embodiment after the correction of the reference plane perpendicularity of the adjustment jig of the reference axis and the reference surface of the present invention.
圖10為本發明之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具的基準軸同心度校正前實施例之前視圖。Fig. 10 is a front elevational view showing the embodiment of the reference axis concentricity correction of the adjustment jig for establishing the reference axis and the reference surface of the present invention.
圖11為本發明之建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具的基準軸同心度校正後實施例之前視圖。Fig. 11 is a front elevational view showing the embodiment of the reference shaft concentricity correction of the adjustment jig of the reference axis and the reference surface of the present invention.
10‧‧‧轉動件10‧‧‧Rotating parts
11‧‧‧中心線11‧‧‧ center line
12‧‧‧盤體12‧‧‧ dish
13‧‧‧柱螺栓13‧‧‧ column bolt
20‧‧‧調整治具20‧‧‧Adjustment fixture
21‧‧‧基準面校正塊21‧‧‧Base correction block
211‧‧‧盤面211‧‧‧
2111‧‧‧階梯孔2111‧‧‧step hole
212‧‧‧平台212‧‧‧ platform
2121‧‧‧側面2121‧‧‧ side
2122‧‧‧同心度調整螺孔2122‧‧‧Concentricity adjustment screw hole
213‧‧‧中心通孔213‧‧‧Center through hole
22‧‧‧調整腳座22‧‧‧Adjust the foot
221‧‧‧轉接螺栓221‧‧‧Adapter bolt
222‧‧‧調整螺栓222‧‧‧ Adjusting bolts
2221‧‧‧中心通孔2221‧‧‧Center through hole
223‧‧‧調整塊223‧‧‧Adjustment block
2231‧‧‧中心通孔2231‧‧‧Center through hole
2232‧‧‧平面2232‧‧‧ Plane
224‧‧‧關節機構224‧‧‧ joint body
2241‧‧‧球面2241‧‧‧ spherical
2242‧‧‧球窩座2242‧‧‧ Ball seat
225‧‧‧鎖固螺栓225‧‧‧Lock bolts
23‧‧‧基準軸校正塊23‧‧‧Base axis correction block
231‧‧‧蓋板231‧‧‧ Cover
2311‧‧‧基準面2311‧‧ ‧ datum
2312‧‧‧外徑表面2312‧‧‧Outer diameter surface
232‧‧‧軸體232‧‧‧Axis
233‧‧‧中心孔233‧‧‧ center hole
234‧‧‧基準軸234‧‧‧reference axis
24‧‧‧同心度調整螺栓24‧‧‧Concentricity adjustment bolt
25‧‧‧壓縮儲能的彈性元件25‧‧‧Compressed energy storage elastic components
40‧‧‧量測基板組件40‧‧‧Measurement substrate assembly
41‧‧‧基板41‧‧‧Substrate
42‧‧‧軸承42‧‧‧ bearing
43‧‧‧螺桿43‧‧‧ screw
50‧‧‧壓縮儲能的彈性元件50‧‧‧Compressed energy storage elastic components

Claims (10)

  1. 一種建立基準軸與基準面的調整治具,適用於一轉動件,該轉動件係具有以一中心線為軸心旋轉的一盤體,該盤體固設有至少三個平行且環繞分佈於該中心線的柱螺栓,該調整治具包含:一基準面校正塊,具有一盤面、一位於盤面一側之平台與一中心通孔,該盤面包括至少三個階梯孔,該平台側面設置有數個與該中心通孔連通的同心度調整螺孔;三個調整腳座,每個調整腳座係連接該基準面校正塊於每個對應的該些柱螺栓上,其每一調整腳座包含有可調整角度的關節,以改變該盤面與該調整腳座之間的夾角;一基準軸校正塊,具有一蓋板和一自該蓋板軸向突伸之軸體,該軸體穿入該基準面校正塊之該中心通孔並螺鎖該蓋板於該盤面,該基準軸校正塊中心位置具有一中心孔;以及數個同心度調整螺栓,係對應並螺設於該同心度調整螺孔,以頂抵並平行調整該軸體中心軸。An adjusting jig for establishing a reference axis and a reference surface is applicable to a rotating member having a disk body rotated about a center line, the disk body being fixed with at least three parallel and circumferentially distributed The stud of the center line, the adjusting jig includes: a reference surface correction block having a disk surface, a platform on one side of the disk surface and a center through hole, the disk surface including at least three stepped holes, and the side of the platform is provided with Concentricity adjusting screw holes communicating with the central through hole; three adjusting feet, each adjusting foot connecting the reference surface correcting block to each of the corresponding studs, each adjusting leg includes a joint having an adjustable angle to change an angle between the disk surface and the adjusting foot; a reference axis correcting block having a cover plate and a shaft body projecting axially from the cover plate, the shaft body penetrating the shaft The center through hole of the reference surface correction block and the screw cover the cover plate on the disk surface, the reference axis correction block has a center hole at a central position thereof; and a plurality of concentricity adjustment bolts corresponding to and screwed on the concentricity adjustment screw Hole, to the top and flat Adjusting the center axis of the shaft member.
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的調整治具,其中該些同心度調整螺孔為互呈120度設置的三個同心度調整螺孔或互呈90度設置的四個同心度調整螺孔。The adjustment jig according to claim 1, wherein the concentricity adjustment screw holes are three concentricity adjustment screw holes arranged at 120 degrees or four concentricity adjustment screw holes arranged at 90 degrees each other. .
  3. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的調整治具,其中每一調整腳座包含: 一轉接螺栓,係螺固於該些柱螺栓其中之一;一調整螺栓,係軸向螺接於該轉接螺栓,其中心位置具有一中心通孔;一調整塊,係具有一中心通孔;一關節機構,係設置於該調整螺栓與該調整塊之間,其在該調整螺栓與該調整塊兩元件相對鄰接處分別具有一球面及對應的一球窩座;以及一鎖固螺栓,係由該盤面之一階梯孔穿入並依序穿過該調整塊的中心通孔、該調整螺栓的中心通孔而螺固於該轉接螺栓上;其中,該調整塊中心通孔孔徑大於該鎖固螺栓的直徑且該調整塊面對該盤面一側為平面,該調整螺栓可沿其軸線螺旋移動而壓迫該調整塊,以固持該球面與該球窩座之間的角度。For example, the adjustment fixture described in claim 1 of the patent scope, wherein each adjustment socket comprises: An adjusting bolt is screwed to one of the studs; an adjusting bolt is axially screwed to the adjusting bolt, and has a central through hole at a center position thereof; and an adjusting block has a center through a joint mechanism is disposed between the adjusting bolt and the adjusting block, and has a spherical surface and a corresponding ball socket seat respectively adjacent to the adjusting bolt and the adjusting block; and a locking bolt Passing through a stepped hole of the disk surface and sequentially passing through the central through hole of the adjusting block and the central through hole of the adjusting bolt, and screwing on the adjusting bolt; wherein the adjusting block has a central through hole diameter The adjustment bolt is spirally movable along its axis to press the adjustment block to hold the angle between the spherical surface and the socket.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第3項所述的調整治具,其中該關節機構之該球面係設置於該調整塊上,該球窩座係設置於該調整螺栓上。The adjustment jig of claim 3, wherein the spherical surface of the joint mechanism is disposed on the adjustment block, and the ball socket is disposed on the adjustment bolt.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第3項所述的調整治具,其中該關節機構之該球面係設置於該調整螺栓上,該球窩座係設置於該調整塊上。The adjustment jig of claim 3, wherein the spherical surface of the joint mechanism is disposed on the adjusting bolt, and the ball socket is disposed on the adjusting block.
  6. 如申請專利範圍第3項所述的調整治具,其中該鎖固螺栓與該階梯孔之間的該階梯孔內設置一壓縮儲能的彈性元件。The adjustment jig of claim 3, wherein a compression energy storage elastic element is disposed in the stepped hole between the locking bolt and the stepped hole.
  7. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的調整治具,其中該轉動件 係一輪轂(Wheel Hub)。The adjustment jig according to claim 1, wherein the rotating member A hub (Wheel Hub).
  8. 如申請專利範圍第7項所述的調整治具,其中該轉動件上更套設一輪胎。The adjustment jig of claim 7, wherein the rotating member is further provided with a tire.
  9. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的調整治具,其中更包含一量測基板組件,其具有一基板,該基板中心位置藉由軸承組設一螺桿,該量測基板組件藉由該螺桿螺入該基準軸校正塊之該中心螺孔。The adjustment jig of claim 1, further comprising a measuring substrate assembly having a substrate, wherein the center of the substrate is provided with a screw by a bearing assembly, and the measuring substrate assembly is provided by the screw The central screw hole of the reference axis correction block is entered.
  10. 如申請專利範圍第9項所述的調整治具,其中該螺桿與該中心螺孔之間的該中心螺孔內設置一壓縮儲能的彈性元件,以在該螺桿軸向與該基準軸校正塊之間施加一持續的應力。The adjusting jig according to claim 9, wherein a mechanical element for compressing energy storage is disposed in the central screw hole between the screw and the central screw hole to be corrected in the screw axial direction and the reference axis A constant stress is applied between the blocks.
TW101150950A 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Establish the adjustment of the reference axis and the datum TWI461676B (en)

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TWI717955B (en) * 2019-12-27 2021-02-01 台睿精工股份有限公司 A method and structure for compensating tolerances in assembling modules

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CN105319066B (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-02-09 清华大学 Simulate the device of the planet carrier of planetary gear train and the coaxiality error of gear ring
CN105510024B (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-02-09 清华大学 For the device for the planetary gear position error for simulating planetary gear train
PL415800A1 (en) * 2016-01-14 2017-07-17 General Electric Company Test device, arrangement and methods for calibration of a tool for measurements of concentricity

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CN201034823Y (en) * 2007-04-25 2008-03-12 烟台开发区海德科技有限公司 Semi-trailer special for testing apparatus
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JP3040514B2 (en) * 1991-04-09 2000-05-15 三菱重工業株式会社 Tire dynamic balance measuring machine
JP2006051791A (en) * 2004-07-16 2006-02-23 Yokohama Rubber Co Ltd:The Tire holding apparatus
CN201034823Y (en) * 2007-04-25 2008-03-12 烟台开发区海德科技有限公司 Semi-trailer special for testing apparatus
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI717955B (en) * 2019-12-27 2021-02-01 台睿精工股份有限公司 A method and structure for compensating tolerances in assembling modules

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