TWI417067B - Guide rail of drawer - Google Patents

Guide rail of drawer Download PDF

Info

Publication number
TWI417067B
TWI417067B TW096112259A TW96112259A TWI417067B TW I417067 B TWI417067 B TW I417067B TW 096112259 A TW096112259 A TW 096112259A TW 96112259 A TW96112259 A TW 96112259A TW I417067 B TWI417067 B TW I417067B
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
rail
drawer
guide rail
drawer guide
height adjustment
Prior art date
Application number
TW096112259A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
TW200808225A (en
Inventor
Thorsten Niedick
Michael Rene Amon
Uwe Sobolewski
Oliver Schael
Eyyahi Dincdemir
Thorsten Karrasch
Andreas Kaethler
Stefan Frye
Original Assignee
Hettich Paul Gmbh & Co Kg
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE202006006180U priority Critical patent/DE202006006180U1/en
Application filed by Hettich Paul Gmbh & Co Kg filed Critical Hettich Paul Gmbh & Co Kg
Publication of TW200808225A publication Critical patent/TW200808225A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI417067B publication Critical patent/TWI417067B/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B88/00Drawers for tables, cabinets or like furniture; Guides for drawers
    • A47B88/40Sliding drawers; Slides or guides therefor
    • A47B88/453Actuated drawers
    • A47B88/46Actuated drawers operated by mechanically-stored energy, e.g. by springs
    • A47B88/47Actuated drawers operated by mechanically-stored energy, e.g. by springs having both self-opening and self-closing mechanisms which interact with each other

Description

Drawer guide rail
The present invention relates to a drawer guide rail having a carrier rail fixed to a specific one and a running rail connectable to a drawer.
There are many known types of drawer guide rails of the above type, and in some types, one or several intermediate rails are provided between the carrying rail and the running rail (which is fixed to the side of the drawer). Increase the effective pull-out length.
These conventional drawer guide rails have heretofore been horizontally extended and built into related furniture, and this horizontal mounting arrangement cannot be changed.
Drawers are generally pulled and pushed back to the closed position, but in the recent years of manufacturing furniture, some new structures have been developed, in which a drawer can be at least self-moving to the open position. To this end, how many complicated drives are required to date.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a drawer guide rail that automatically opens a drawer at least in a simple manner.
This object is achieved according to the invention in that the carrier rail can be fixed in a manner that is pivotable about a horizontal axis and supports a distance from the shaft on a height adjustment device, or The height adjustment device is connected by means of which the carrier rail and the entire guide rail are inclined at least along an inclined position which is lowered toward the specific front side of the home.
If such a drawer guide rail is used for a drawer, the drawer can be automatically opened by tilting the drawer guide rail, where the principle of a schief plane is used.
According to another concept of the invention, the drawer guiding rail can also be tilted down to the rear side of the home via the height adjusting device, so that the closing action of a drawer can also be automated.
Therefore, it is no longer necessary to use a complicated drive for opening a drawer (and possibly also for closing), in other words, the drawer guide rail can be tilted via the height adjustment device by means of a relatively simple structure.
Thus, for example, a height adjustment device can be implemented by constructing it with a rack and a pinion, where the pinion can be driven by a simple electric motor.
If this is not the case, the height adjustment device can also be formed by a horizontally adjustable wedge (which supports the carrier rail), wherein the wedge must be moved in a horizontal direction via a relatively simple driving means.
Other embodiments of the leveling device and other features of the invention are found in the dependent claims.
Embodiments of the invention are shown in the drawings and are described in detail below.
In Fig. 1, reference numeral (1) denotes a specific section in which a drawer (2) is guided to move via drawer guide rails (3) provided on the left and right sides.
Each of the drawer guide rails includes a carrying rail (3a) that can be fixed to the home specific (1) and a running rail (3b) that can be connected to the drawer (2). If necessary, a middle rail (3c) may be provided between the carrying rail (3a) and the running rail (3b) to increase the pulling length, as shown in Figs. 2-8.
Here, each of the carrying rails (3a) is fixed to the home specific (1) in a manner pivotable about a horizontal axis (4), and a distance from the shaft (4) and a height adjusting device (5) Coupling or connecting, the carrying rail (3a) and the entire drawer guide (3) can be tilted about the horizontal axis (4) toward the front side (1a) of the home, as shown in FIG.
The carrying rail (3a) can be connected to or supported by the height adjustment device (5).
It is also possible to design the movement gap space of the height adjustment device (5) such that the carrier rail (3a) and the entire drawer guide (3) can also be lowered to an oblique position which is lowered toward the rear side (1b) of the furniture.
If a predetermined inclined position of the drawer guide rails (3) [they are provided on both sides of the drawer (2)] is reached, the drawer is automatically opened due to gravity or automatically moved back to the closed position by the open position.
Here, the drawer guiding unit (3) can be provided with a conventional end stop bumper.
Here, the front side of the drawer guide rail (3) adjacent to the front side (1a) of the home should preferably be provided with a bearing (4b) having a bearing hole (4a), one of which is fixed to the furniture. The bearing pin (not shown) on the body side is embedded in the bearing hole (4a), so that each drawer guide (3) can be supported on the furniture (1) in a simple manner to be pivotable about a horizontal axis (4). .
The height adjustment device (5) can be implemented in many ways in terms of structure.
The embodiment of Figures 2-8 shows a variety of different possible ways.
For example, in the embodiment of Fig. 2, the carrying rail (3a) on the specific side of the home and the rear end region of the back bearing (4b) of the entire drawer guide (3) are supported by a lifting piston (6). On the piston rod (6a), wherein the lifting piston (6) is fixed on the concrete (1). By moving the piston rod out/moving in, the rear end of the furniture guide rail (3) - corresponding to the horizontal position of the bearing (4b) - can be raised or lowered. Correspondingly, the drawer guide rail (3) occupies a tilted position, and this position is home The direction of the front side (1a) of the body or the direction of the specific rear side (1b) of the house is lowered.
In the embodiment of the invention of Fig. 3, in order to raise or lower the corresponding rear end region of a drawer guide rail (3), a rack is fixed on the carrying rail (3a) on the specific side of the home ( 7), it meshes with a pinion (7a) supporting a specific side of the home, which raises or lowers the rear end region of the drawer guide rail (3).
This function of ascending or descending can also be achieved in that, as shown in Fig. 4, the carrying rail (3a) provided on the specific side of the home is supported on the wedge (8) which can be horizontally passed via an electric motor ( 8a) Move.
If in this case the drawer guide rail (3) can be tilted in two directions as described above, this concept is designed such that the carrier rail (3a) rests approximately in the center position of the wedge when in the horizontal position.
The drawer guide rail (3) can also be pivoted about the rotating shaft (4) in such a manner that the carrying rail (3a) is supported on a double metal plate (9), and the double metal plate (9) can be used. The heating device (9a) shown schematically is heated.
Figure 6 shows another possible way of constructing the height adjustment device (5). It can be seen that there is an electrically driven screw (9b) fixed to the specific side of the home, which is embedded in a plate (9c). The plate (9c) is provided with a corresponding internal thread which is connected to the carrying rail (3a) and which serves as a nut for the screw.
The embodiment of Fig. 7 is a height adjustment device (5) in which a guide pin (10) is fixed to the carrier rail (3a), and the guide pin (10) is embedded in a slider (10b) (which can be driven by the motor) Moving in the horizontal direction) in the curved guide or sliding guide (10a).
The height adjusting device (5) according to the embodiment of Fig. 8 is driven by a The rotating control cam (11) is formed, and the rear end of the carrying rail (3a) facing away from the bearing (4b) is supported on the control cam (11).
Figure 9 shows a modified design of a curved guide or sliding guide (10a) according to the embodiment of Figure 7, where the slider (10b) is in the neutral (neutral) position of the drawer (i.e., at The push-in state is dependent on a central section of the curved guide or sliding guide which extends horizontally. The two end sections of the curve or the sliding guide (10a) are inclined downwardly or obliquely up to the middle section, so that the drawer guide rail can be moved to a specific front side or moved to the rear. The side enters an inclined position.
In Fig. 10, the positional relationship is shown: drawer guide rails (3) of a drawer [which are arranged on the left and right sides of a drawer in a conventional manner] can be adjusted by means of some mechanisms (represented by symbolic symbols). The example of Figure 10 can be traced back to the basic embodiment of Figure 4, in which a wedge (8) is utilized to raise or lower the drawer guide rail (3). As can be seen from Fig. 10, the two wedges (8) [the ones required for the left and right drawer guide rails (3)] are coupled to each other by a cross frame (8b), so that one drawer can be used with only one drive. The drawer guide rail (3) rises or falls and the movement of the ascending or descending is synchronized here.
Correspondingly, other adjustment drives or adjustment mechanisms for the drawer guide rails (3) provided on the left or right side can also be synchronized with each other. For example, the pinion gears (7a) can be connected via a rod or a cross as shown in the basic arrangement of FIG. The racks are coupled to each other so that the two pinions (7a) can be driven by only one drive and the adjustment movements can be synchronized.
The control of the drive and the adjustment mechanism should also be explained. It can of course be designed so that we can accommodate each position of the drawer from the end position. When detected, it is moved back to its neutral horizontal position to avoid a hard collision at the end position of the drawer.
It is also important to note that the advantage of the design of the present invention is that the entire system of adjustment and movement of the drawer is independent of its loading state. Therefore, basically, when the loading weight is large, a large capacity is required to remove and move the drawer, so this large force can be said to occur automatically, because the drawer is controlled to some extent via the inclined plane switch or the closeor, so the whole system Basically an automatic adjuster.
The illustrated embodiment is only part of the many possibilities for forming the height adjustment device (5), wherein the substantially preferred structure here is as labor-saving as possible.
Each height adjustment device (5) can be activated via a related actuator or switch in a manner not shown, for example, in response to contact with the drawer (2), or by direct contact or proximity .
The implementation of the entire concept of the invention described herein requires the use of a drawer guide rail (3) having a minimum frictional resistance in each case, so that such a small inclination of the drawer guide rail (3) is sufficient for one drawer. (2) Can come out of a specific (1) or move it back to its closed position.
(1) ‧ ‧ specific
(1a) ‧ ‧ specific front side
(1b) ‧ ‧ specific back side
(2)‧‧‧Drawers
(3) ‧‧‧Drawer guide rails
(3a)‧‧‧ Carrying track
(3b)‧‧‧Running track
(3c)‧‧‧ Middle track
(4) ‧‧‧ horizontal axis
(4a)‧‧‧ bearing holes
(4b) ‧ ‧ bearings
(5) ‧‧‧ Height adjustment device
(6)‧‧‧ Lifting piston
(6a)‧‧‧Piston rod
(7)‧‧‧Racks
(7a) ‧ ‧ pinion
(8)‧‧‧Wedge
(8a)‧‧‧Electric motor
(9) ‧ ‧ bimetallic plates
(9a)‧‧‧ heating device
(9b)‧‧‧ screw
(9c)‧‧‧ (with internal thread) plate
(10) ‧ ‧ guide pin
(10a)‧‧‧Curve guides (sliding guides)
(10b)‧‧‧ Slider
(11)‧‧‧Control cam
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a highly schematic side elevational view of a drawer movably supported in a piece of furniture having a drawer guide rail of the present invention.
2 to FIG. 8 are schematic perspective views of the guide rail of the present invention according to various embodiments of the present invention, FIG. 9 is a curved or sliding guide device for changing the arrangement of FIG. 7, and FIG. 10 is for paralleling two mutually parallel Extended drawer guide rail adjustment A schematic representation of the height of the settings for motion synchronization.
(1) ‧ ‧ specific
(1a) ‧ ‧ specific front side
(2)‧‧‧Drawers
(3) ‧‧‧Drawer guide rails
(3a)‧‧‧ Carrying track
(3b)‧‧‧Running track
(5) ‧‧‧ Height adjustment device

Claims (13)

  1. A drawer guiding rail (3) having a carrying rail (3a) fixed to a specific (1) and a running rail (3b) connectable to a drawer (2), characterized in that: carrying The rail (3a) can be fixed to a specific (1) to be pivotable about a horizontal axis (4) and supported at a distance from the shaft (4) on a height adjustment device (5), or A height adjusting device (5) is connected, by which the carrying rail (3a) and the entire guiding rail (3) are inclined at least along an inclined position which is lowered toward the specific front side (1a) of the home, and is characterized In the height-adjustable area of the left and right sides of a drawer, the rails, the cross-frames or the like can be coupled to each other, or the adjustment drive for tilting the carrier rails (3a) Or the screwing mechanism can be coupled to each other using a rod or a cross frame.
  2. The drawer guide rail of claim 1, wherein the shaft is disposed at an end side end region of the carrying rail (3a), and the height adjusting device (5) is disposed at the other end side end region of the carrying rail (3a). .
  3. For example, the drawer guide rail of claim 1 or 2, wherein: the shaft (4) is disposed at a front end region of the carrying rail (3a), and the height adjusting device (5) is disposed at a rear end of the carrying rail (3a). region.
  4. The drawer guide rail of claim 1 or 2, wherein the height adjustment device (5) is composed of a rack (7) and a pinion (7a).
  5. A drawer guide rail according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the height adjustment device (5) is constituted by a horizontally adjustable wedge (8) which supports the carrier rail (3a).
  6. For example, the drawer guide rail of claim 1 or 2, wherein: The height adjustment device (5) consists of a double metal plate (9) which supports the carrying rail (3a) and is heatable.
  7. A drawer guide rail according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the height adjusting device (5) is constituted by a lifting piston (6) having a piston rod (6a).
  8. The drawer guide rail of claim 1 or 2, wherein: the height adjustment device (5) has an electrically driven spindle (9) as a spindle drive, and a connection to the carrying rail (3a) The plate is used as a spindle nut.
  9. The drawer guide rail of claim 1 or 2, wherein: the height adjusting device (5) is constituted by a curved driver, wherein a pin (10) is fixed on the carrying rail (3a), and the pin is embedded in a A horizontally moving slider (10b) is in a curved guide or sliding guide (10a).
  10. A drawer guide rail according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the height adjustment device is constituted by a control cam (11) that supports the drive rail (3a) to be driven to rotate.
  11. A drawer guide rail according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the guide rail (3) is provided with at least one end stop bumper.
  12. The drawer guide rail of claim 1 or 2, wherein the drawer guide rail can also be tilted to a position lowered toward the specific rear side (1b) by the height adjusting device (5).
  13. The drawer guide rail of claim 9, wherein: the curved guide member or the sliding guide member (10a) has a horizontally extending metal portion and a descending end portion and another connection To the end section of the horizontal end section, wherein the pin (10) connected to the carrying rail (3a) is in a neutral position Centered on the horizontal section of the curve or slide guide (10a).
TW096112259A 2006-04-18 2007-04-09 Guide rail of drawer TWI417067B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202006006180U DE202006006180U1 (en) 2006-04-18 2006-04-18 Drawer guide rail

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
TW200808225A TW200808225A (en) 2008-02-16
TWI417067B true TWI417067B (en) 2013-12-01

Family

ID=38179605

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
TW096112259A TWI417067B (en) 2006-04-18 2007-04-09 Guide rail of drawer

Country Status (8)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2007246A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2009534065A (en)
KR (1) KR101381314B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101426401B (en)
DE (1) DE202006006180U1 (en)
RU (1) RU2417724C2 (en)
TW (1) TWI417067B (en)
WO (1) WO2007122066A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE202007014389U1 (en) * 2007-10-16 2008-03-13 Paul Hettich Gmbh & Co. Kg pull-out guide
DE202007014954U1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2008-12-18 Grass Gmbh Device for attaching a guide unit and furniture part and furniture with such a device
ITVI20090020A1 (en) * 2009-02-05 2010-08-06 Felver Casa S R L Unipersonale Support device for mobile accessories in furnishing elements and a furnishing element comprising this device.
DE202009003459U1 (en) * 2009-03-11 2010-07-22 Paul Hettich Gmbh & Co. Kg pull-out guide
AT509413B1 (en) * 2010-02-03 2012-12-15 Blum Gmbh Julius Tilting device for drawers
AT511294B1 (en) * 2011-04-11 2013-06-15 Blum Gmbh Julius drawer
PL2706886T3 (en) * 2011-05-12 2015-11-30 Inter Ikea Sys Bv A sliding guide rail
US9648952B2 (en) 2012-04-30 2017-05-16 Hardware Resources, Inc. Pressure release slide latch mechanism
US9750347B2 (en) 2012-04-30 2017-09-05 Hardware Resources, Inc. Pressure release slide latch mechanism
KR101883962B1 (en) * 2016-09-09 2018-07-31 김종원 Pull-out guide for furniture drawers
DE102017114364A1 (en) * 2017-06-28 2019-01-03 Paul Hettich Gmbh & Co. Kg Pull-out system and method for opening and closing a push element
CN107890269A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-04-10 吴冬刚 Storage box
CN109473883A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-15 江苏新汇源电气科技有限公司 It is a kind of to adjust convenient high-tension switch cabinet
CN110015491A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-07-16 郑州贝贝生物科技有限公司 A kind of Pesticide-Polluted Soil detection sample storage device

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1816213A (en) * 1930-01-22 1931-07-28 Duke Mfg Co Bin
US4983000A (en) * 1988-10-11 1991-01-08 Julius Blum Gesellschaft M.B.H. Piece of furniture with at least one drawer

Family Cites Families (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2702039A1 (en) * 1977-01-19 1978-07-20 Grass Alfred Metallwaren Drawer guide with axle-mounted rollers - has different axle diameters. for two rollers mounted in series for smooth running of drawer
DE3427562A1 (en) * 1984-07-26 1986-02-06 Linder Gmbh A Device for guiding a drawer
AT394133B (en) * 1989-01-02 1992-02-10 Blum Gmbh Julius Locking device for drawers arranged in a furniture
AT395099B (en) * 1989-06-02 1992-09-10 Blum Gmbh Julius Extension guide set for drawers or the like.
DE4020277C2 (en) * 1990-06-26 1995-02-09 Lautenschlaeger Mepla Werke Automatic retraction for drawer pull-out guides
JPH053880U (en) * 1991-06-25 1993-01-22 ホシザキ電機株式会社 Drawer door for freezer, etc.
JPH0511850U (en) * 1991-07-31 1993-02-19 株式会社タイガークラウン Storage frame
CN2109123U (en) * 1992-01-16 1992-07-08 奇青企业股份有限公司 Drawer sliding rail
TWI249389B (en) * 2002-06-19 2006-02-21 Salice Arturo Spa Device for adjusting the height of a drawer
DE10246438A1 (en) * 2002-10-04 2004-04-15 Grass Gmbh drawer system
JP3101752U (en) * 2003-11-18 2004-06-17 盈太企業有限公司 Height adjustment mechanism of drawer face plate
DE20318929U1 (en) * 2003-12-04 2005-04-14 Alfit Ag Automatic retraction mechanism, for a furniture sliding drawer, has a structured head at the end of the piston rod as a connecting link with a holder at the sprung pawl without an additional damper spring
DE202004011916U1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2004-11-18 Hülsta-Werke Hüls Gmbh & Co. Kg Opening and closing regulating mechanism for kitchen cabinet drawer has shallow V-shaped ramp coupled to a spring

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1816213A (en) * 1930-01-22 1931-07-28 Duke Mfg Co Bin
US4983000A (en) * 1988-10-11 1991-01-08 Julius Blum Gesellschaft M.B.H. Piece of furniture with at least one drawer

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2007122066A1 (en) 2007-11-01
EP2007246A1 (en) 2008-12-31
TW200808225A (en) 2008-02-16
CN101426401A (en) 2009-05-06
CN101426401B (en) 2010-11-17
KR20090006204A (en) 2009-01-14
JP2009534065A (en) 2009-09-24
KR101381314B1 (en) 2014-04-04
RU2417724C2 (en) 2011-05-10
RU2008144681A (en) 2010-05-27
DE202006006180U1 (en) 2007-08-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
ES2776984T3 (en) Extraction guide for a drawer with mechanism for lateral adjustment of the drawer
CN102469880B (en) Ejection mechanism, pull-out guide and ejection system
EP2248442B1 (en) Stabilizing assembly of drawable carrier
CN1330913C (en) Refrigerator having basket lift apparatus
JP5528700B2 (en) Guide device for sliding doors or sliding doors.
US8192557B2 (en) Dish washing machine with basket height adjusting apparatus
TWI437967B (en) Self-closing device particularly for a movable furniture part
ES2309415T3 (en) Extraction guide game for drawers.
KR100662406B1 (en) Refrigerator
ES2465641T3 (en) Control arm drive for swing cabinet doors
US7690740B2 (en) Pull-out guide system for drawers
NL1014248C2 (en) Rail assembly with device and coupling device guiding to the starting position.
CN106413477B (en) Sliding-pivot mechanism, furniture and the household electrical appliance of the shelf of furniture or household electrical appliance
ES2268451T3 (en) Closure and / or insertion device for mobile furniture components.
US9364130B2 (en) Dishwasher
KR100662405B1 (en) Picking out device of drawer type
KR100790543B1 (en) Rail assembly for opening/closing a basket
KR101284784B1 (en) Drawer slide
US20060066189A1 (en) Shelf extending and lifting system
JP5905395B2 (en) Drawer rail mechanism
KR100608688B1 (en) Refrigerator having basket lift apparatus
RU2560330C2 (en) Guide for pulling out drawer
EP2526818B1 (en) Fitting for a cabinet for the handicapped and cabinet
EP2594160A2 (en) Synchronizing device for a drawer slide mechanism
JP3960303B2 (en) Door glass regulator assembly

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
MM4A Annulment or lapse of patent due to non-payment of fees