TW201817946A - Self-generating telecommunication tower system for using renewable natural energy to perform self-power generation - Google Patents

Self-generating telecommunication tower system for using renewable natural energy to perform self-power generation Download PDF

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TW201817946A
TW201817946A TW106125233A TW106125233A TW201817946A TW 201817946 A TW201817946 A TW 201817946A TW 106125233 A TW106125233 A TW 106125233A TW 106125233 A TW106125233 A TW 106125233A TW 201817946 A TW201817946 A TW 201817946A
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tower
windmill
power generation
wind
mounting arm
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TW106125233A
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Chinese (zh)
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TWI714798B (en
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根本豊
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根本豊
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/728Onshore wind turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

The subject of the invention is to provide a power source of a communication machine of a telecommunication tower with communication function, which makes use of renewable natural energy to perform self-power generation. The tower frame has high stability and is firm. To solve the problem, one or more supports are erected to constitute the tower frame, such that the front end of an upper mounting arm and the front end of a lower mounting arm arranged in inverted V shape at any height in the horizontal direction may support the central shaft of a windmill by a bearing, wherein blades in the vertical direction are arranged at the outer periphery of upper and lower rotary arms to extend from the central shaft radially so as to constitute the windmill. In addition, when the planar shape of the tower frame is of a polygonal shape, upper and lower mounting arms are disposed at two sides of each edge, or the extension part of the mounting arm passes through each edge to be fixed on another edge or mounting arm to form an isosceles triangle, so as to arrange a power generator or windmill adjacent to the center of the tower frame thereby providing a stable and firm structure.

Description

自我發電式電信塔系統Self-generating telecommunication tower system
[0001] 本發明,是關於不需要商用電源,且不需要定期補給燃料,便能夠僅以可再生自然能源來自我發電的電信塔系統。[0001] The present invention relates to a telecommunications tower system that can generate electricity from renewable natural energy sources only without the need for a commercial power source and regular refueling.
[0002] 在無電化地區、山岳地區、紛爭危險地區、災害頻繁地區、偏遠地區、離島地區等之沒有整備電力基礎設施或是無法整備的地區,以及隨時禁止人進入的危險地區,或是通訊網難以整備之電波訊號比較差的地區等,設置以可再生自然能源來自我發電從而可整備電力基礎設施的電信塔。   關於成為電信塔之基本的通訊系統等之電源的確保,有著接受巴黎協議所追求的可再生自然能源之代表亦即全方位的風來在24小時無論何處只要有風便可發電的垂直軸型風力發電機、以及搭載在有太陽光出來的期間不背對太陽光地追隨太陽光來不漏接地完全吸收利用太陽熱的自動追隨系統從而可安定地發電。 [先前技術文獻] [專利文獻]   [0003]   [專利文獻1]日本特開平8-151805號公報[0002] In areas where electricity is not available or cannot be maintained in areas where electricity is not available, mountainous areas, conflict-prone areas, frequent disaster areas, remote areas, outlying island areas, etc., and dangerous areas where people are prohibited from entering at any time, or communication networks Telecommunications towers are installed in areas where radio signals are difficult to prepare, such as renewable natural energy, to generate electricity from our country. Regarding the guarantee of the power supply to become the basic communication system of the telecommunication tower, it has a vertical axis that can generate electricity in 24 hours anytime as long as there is wind, which represents the representative of renewable natural energy that is pursued by the Paris Agreement. A type wind turbine and an automatic following system that completely absorbs the heat of the sun without leaking to the ground while the sun does not face the sun while the sun is coming out, and can generate electricity stably. [Prior Art Document] [Patent Document] [0003] [Patent Document 1] Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 8-151805
[發明所欲解決的課題]   [0004] 另一方面,專利文獻1,作為可在災害時的避難場所等供給電力或飲料水等之進行生活上所不可欠缺的服務之發明,是將發電手段與災害緊急用的預備手段設在災害時的避難場所,發電手段是具備將風車發電機或太陽能發電機等之利用自然能源的自我發電裝置及電池的發電手段,災害緊急用的預備手段是具有將來自水源的飲料水予以儲藏的蓄水槽,且將該蓄水槽所蓄藏的水利用臭氧或離子交換樹脂等來清水・淨化並將該淨化後的飲料水供給至既定的飲料水飲用場的飲料水供給裝置以及具有儲存緊急糧食的儲藏室並具備將該儲藏室內的溫度或濕度予以調整的空調裝置,利用發電手段所產生的電力來使前述預備手段適當運作,構成為在颱風或地震等之災害時提供水、電力、通訊、食物等的各種服務。   專利文獻1的構造,是適合災害時的避難場所等,但在電力基礎設施沒有整備的地區便無法通訊,如本發明般,通訊用的電源為不可欠缺,故設置在既有的塔架來利用可再生自然能源來自我發電的構造為理想。   本發明的技術性課題,是著眼於上述問題,而在具備通訊功能的電信塔中,自我發電出成為通訊機器之電源的電力,且用可再生自然能源來發電。 [用以解決課題的手段]   [0005] 本發明的技術性課題是藉由以下手段來解決。請求項1,是一種風力發電式電信塔,使1或複數根支柱豎立來構成塔架,以在其任意的高度所設置之於水平方向呈倒V狀之下安裝臂的前端與上安裝臂的前端所具備的軸承來支撐風車的中心軸,且具有風車,該風車在從前述中心軸往放射方向所設置的下部旋轉臂與上部旋轉臂的外端間具備鉛直方向的葉片,   其特徵為,在前述塔架的平面形狀為多角形的情況,從各自的邊的兩側使前述倒V狀的下安裝臂與上安裝臂突出來形成等腰三角形狀,並互相連結前端彼此來設置軸承,而且前述上下安裝臂的長度為不妨礙風車旋轉的長度。   [0006] 請求項2,是如請求項1所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,在前述塔架所期望的高度之段的平面形狀為多角形的各邊承載有前述下安裝臂的構造中,   與前述下安裝臂的前端的相反側在通過前述邊的上面之後與其他的下安裝臂或其他的邊連結。   [0007] 請求項3,是如請求項1或請求項2所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,因應使前述風車旋轉之風的強度或所到來之驅動風的高度來選定設置風車的高度或段數。   [0008] 請求項4,是如請求項1或請求項2所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,將可自動追隨之太陽能發電機的面板,另外具備在前述風車。   [0009] 請求項5,是如請求項1或請求項2所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,利用前述塔架之一部分的支柱來安裝風向計,或是安裝聖誕樹或七夕祭典等之活動用具、揚聲器或紅色旋轉燈,或是對前述塔架裝飾電燈來將前述塔架以照明來裝飾而構成為可對地區服務。   [0010] 請求項6,是如請求項1或請求項2所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,於前述塔架、前述風車或前述風力・太陽能發電機之任意的部位,設有巴黎協議或Paris Agreement、遵守巴黎協定、巴黎協議志向或巴黎協議急務的標示。   [0011] 請求項7,是如請求項1或請求項2所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,於前述風車的葉片外面標示廣告或本發明的優點。 [發明的效果]   [0012] 如請求項1所述,使1或複數根支柱豎立來構成塔架,以在其任意的高度所設置之於水平方向呈倒V狀之下安裝臂的前端與上安裝臂的前端所具備的軸承來支撐風車的中心軸,並從前述中心軸往放射方向所設置的下部旋轉臂與上部旋轉臂的外端間設置鉛直方向的葉片來成為風車。於是,在前述塔架的平面形狀為多角形的情況,是從各自的邊的兩側使前述上下安裝臂突出來形成等腰三角形的構造,故可在塔架的靠中心處設置發電機或風車,穩定性佳。而且,前述上下安裝臂的長度為不妨礙風車旋轉的長度,故風車可圓滑地旋轉。   [0013] 如請求項2所述,在前述塔架所期望的高度之段的平面形狀為多角形的各邊承載有風車之前述下安裝臂的構造中,   與前述下安裝臂的前端的相反側在通過前述邊的上面之後,與其他的下安裝臂或其他的邊連結,故各風車的重心是以塔架的中心來承受而成為穩定,使連結部增加,強度亦提高。   [0014] 如請求項3所述,因應使前述風車旋轉之風力的強度或所到來之驅動風的高度來選定設置風車的高度或段數,故即使是因地區而使風的強度或高度有所不同的情況,亦可在適合各地區的高度設置風車,可經常以最佳的條件來風力發電。   [0015] 如請求項4所述,將可自動追隨的太陽能發電機面板,另外具備在前述風車,故太陽能發電面板會藉由自動追隨來以最佳的條件有效率地進行太陽能發電。雖然有著太陽能發電面板所致之反射光進入住宅之中的意外,但是若為自動追隨構造的話,就不會導致此種意外。   [0016] 如請求項5所述,利用前述塔架之一部分的支柱來安裝風向計,或是安裝聖誕樹或七夕祭典等之活動用具、揚聲器或紅色旋轉燈,或是對前述塔架裝飾電燈來將前述塔架以照明來裝飾而構成為可充分地對地區服務。   [0017] 如請求項6所述,於前述塔架、前述風車或前述風力・太陽能發電機之任意的部位,設有巴黎協議或Paris Agreement、遵守巴黎協定、巴黎協議志向或巴黎協議急務的標示,藉此可推銷本發明的構造適合巴黎協議所追求的地球溫暖化對策。   [0018] 如請求項7所述,構成為於前述風車的葉片外面標示廣告或本發明的優點的話,在風車低速旋轉的情況時,因為容易判讀,故成為會動的廣告塔來推銷本發明之利用可再生自然能源的技術,或是可推銷採用本發明之系統的企業。[Problems to be Solved by the Invention] [0004] On the other hand, Patent Document 1 is an invention that can provide electricity and drink water to provide life in evacuation places such as disaster shelters, etc., and is an indispensable service for living. Preparatory measures for disaster emergencies are provided in evacuation sites during disasters. Power generation means are self-powered devices that use natural energy such as windmill generators or solar generators and batteries, and preparatory measures for disaster emergencies include A water storage tank that stores drinking water from a water source, and the water stored in the water storage tank is cleaned and purified by using ozone or ion exchange resin, and the purified drinking water is supplied to a predetermined drinking water drinking field. Drinking water supply device and air-conditioning device having a storage room for storing emergency food and adjusting the temperature or humidity in the storage room, and using the power generated by the power generation means to appropriately operate the aforementioned preparatory means, and are configured to be subjected to typhoons or earthquakes, etc. Provides various services such as water, electricity, communication, and food during disasters. The structure of Patent Document 1 is an evacuation site suitable for disasters. However, it is impossible to communicate in areas where the power infrastructure is not ready. As in the present invention, the power source for communication is indispensable, so it is installed on an existing tower. A structure that uses renewable natural energy to generate electricity from me is ideal.技术 The technical problem of the present invention is to focus on the above-mentioned problems. In a telecommunication tower having a communication function, self-generating power is used as a power source of a communication device, and power is generated from renewable natural energy. [Means for Solving Problems] [0005] The technical problems of the present invention are solved by the following means. Claim 1 is a wind-powered telecommunication tower. One or a plurality of pillars are erected to constitute a tower, and the front end and the upper mounting arm of the lower mounting arm are arranged at an arbitrary height and arranged in an inverted V shape in the horizontal direction. The bearing provided at the front end supports the center shaft of the windmill, and has a windmill. The windmill has vertical blades between the lower rotary arm and the outer end of the upper rotary arm which are arranged in a radial direction from the central axis. In the case where the planar shape of the tower is a polygon, the lower V-shaped upper mounting arm and the upper mounting arm are protruded from both sides of each side to form an isosceles triangle shape, and the front ends are connected to each other to provide bearings. Moreover, the length of the upper and lower mounting arms is a length that does not hinder the rotation of the windmill. [0006] Claim 2 is the wind power generation telecommunication tower according to claim 1, wherein a structure in which the planar shape of the segment at a desired height of the tower is a polygon, and each side carries the aforementioned lower mounting arm. In the middle, is opposite to the front end of the lower mounting arm, and is connected to another lower mounting arm or another side after passing through the upper surface of the side. [0007] Request item 3 is the wind power generation telecommunication tower according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the height of the windmill is selected to be set according to the intensity of the wind that rotates the windmill or the height of the driving wind that comes. Or number of segments. [0008] Request item 4 is a wind power generation telecommunication tower as described in claim item 1 or item 2, wherein a panel of a solar power generator can be automatically tracked, and the windmill is provided in addition. [0009] Request item 5 is a wind-powered telecommunication tower as described in claim item 1 or item 2, in which a pillar of a part of the aforementioned tower is used to install a wind vane, or to install a Christmas tree or Qixi Festival, etc. Appliances, speakers, or red rotating lights, or decorative lights on the towers to decorate the towers with lighting to make them serviceable in the area. [0010] Claim 6 is the wind power generation telecommunication tower according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein a Paris agreement is provided at any part of the tower, the windmill, or the wind and solar power generator. Or the Paris Agreement, compliance with the Paris Agreement, Paris Agreement Aspirations, or Paris Agreement Urgency. [0011] Claim 7 is a wind power generation telecommunication tower as described in claim 1 or claim 2, wherein advertisements or advantages of the present invention are displayed on the outside of the blades of the aforementioned windmill. [Effects of the Invention] [0012] As described in claim 1, one or a plurality of pillars are erected to constitute a tower, and the front end of the mounting arm is installed at an arbitrary height below the inverted V shape in the horizontal direction and A bearing provided at the front end of the upper mounting arm supports the central axis of the windmill, and a vertical direction blade is provided between the lower rotary arm and the outer end of the upper rotary arm provided in a radial direction from the central axis to become a windmill. Therefore, when the planar shape of the tower is a polygon, the isosceles triangle structure is formed by protruding the upper and lower mounting arms from both sides of the respective sides. Therefore, a generator or Windmill with good stability. In addition, since the length of the upper and lower mounting arms is a length that does not hinder the rotation of the windmill, the windmill can rotate smoothly. [0013] As described in claim 2, in the structure in which the lower mounting arm of the windmill is carried on each side of a plane having a polygonal shape at a desired height of the tower, is opposite to the front end of the lower mounting arm. After passing through the upper side of the side, the side is connected to other lower mounting arms or other sides. Therefore, the center of gravity of each windmill is supported by the center of the tower and becomes stable, which increases the connection portion and increases the strength. [0014] As described in claim 3, the height or number of windmills is selected according to the strength of the wind that rotates the aforementioned windmill or the height of the driving wind that comes. Therefore, even if the intensity or height of the wind varies depending on the area, For different situations, windmills can also be installed at heights suitable for various regions, and wind power can often be generated under optimal conditions. [0015] As described in claim 4, a solar power generator panel that can be automatically followed is additionally provided in the aforementioned windmill, so the solar power generation panel will automatically perform solar power generation under optimal conditions by automatically following it. Although there is an accident that the reflected light entering the house caused by the solar power generation panel, if it is an automatic following structure, it will not cause such an accident. [0016] As described in claim 5, use a pillar of a part of the aforementioned tower to install a wind vane, or to install Christmas trees, Qixi Festival and other activities appliances, speakers or red rotating lights, or to decorate the tower with electric lights The tower is decorated with lighting and is configured to serve the area sufficiently. [0017] As described in claim 6, a Paris Agreement or Paris Agreement, compliance with the Paris Agreement, Paris Agreement Ambitions, or Paris Agreement Urgent Signs are provided on any part of the tower, the windmill, or the wind and solar power generators. Therefore, the structure of the present invention can be promoted to meet the global warming measures pursued by the Paris Agreement. [0018] As described in claim 7, if the advertisement or the advantages of the present invention are displayed on the outside of the blades of the windmill, when the windmill rotates at a low speed, it is easy to read, so it becomes a moving advertising tower to promote the present invention. Companies using renewable natural energy, or companies that can market the system of the present invention.
[0020] 接著說明本發明之自我發電式電信塔系統實際上是如何具體化的實施形態。圖1為本發明之自我發電式電信塔的立體圖。T為已設置的塔架,在因應設置地區之狀況的高度來安裝風車W,且在下部安裝太陽能發電面板P…,通訊用的電源是藉由安裝在塔架T的風力發電機或太陽能發電面板P來自我發電。   圖2為安裝在塔架T之風車的平面圖,藉由從中心軸a往放射方向來設置之放射臂1…的外端所安裝的葉片2…的旋轉力來使中心軸a旋轉,而驅動發電機。箭頭為旋轉方向,是往逆時針方向旋轉。   圖3為風力發電機的前視圖,以葉片2…的旋轉力使中心軸a旋轉來使發電機旋轉驅動,並將該發電機E設在中心軸a的下端,來進行自我發電。該發電機E或風車W是搭載於前述塔架T。又,葉片2…的外面面積較寬廣,可利用於廣告等。   [0021] 垂直軸型的風力發電機E,與水平軸型的風力發電機不同,可由微風來使風車旋轉且不會反抗360 °全方位的風,可確實地得到發電輸出。且,該風車是適合所搭載之塔架T之設置狀況的搭載風力的選擇、以及風車本體的形狀、以及可變更輸出之具有高度優點的機種,只要維持垂直的話,噪音以及振動的發生便為輕微。因此,追加搭載有風力發電機的電信塔為牢固的構造很重要。   [0022] 圖4為使圖1的太陽能面板P…自動追隨太陽光用之自動追隨裝置的立體圖,在本體地下基礎3之上所設置之成為地上基礎的支柱4的上端搭載有東西控制機構5。而且,在該東西控制機構5之上,使南北控制機構6往南北方向動作。在藉由該南北控制機構5往南北方向動作的架台固定台7上搭載有太陽能發電面板P的固定架台8。又,9是太陽光熱感知追隨感測器。   [0023] 雖然有著太陽能發電面板P所致之反射光進入住宅之中的意外,但是若為自動追隨方式的話,就不會導致此種意外。   太陽光自動追隨發電機,是由:搭載有在從太陽光上升的朝日到日落的黃昏為止的時間,將太陽光所發出的太陽熱予以隨時感測的追隨感測器9之功能的太陽光追隨系統功能、以及搭載在追隨系統功能之上的太陽能面板P等所構成,故在比較通常之固定式的太陽能發電,與太陽光自動追隨太陽能發電系統的發電效率時,得到10%~20%的高發電效率。   換言之,搭載於塔架T之太陽光自動追隨太陽能發電機的技術性特徵,是以熱感測太陽能來感測太陽光所放出的熱光線,並對所搭載之二機的電動機送出訊號藉此保持配合太陽熱的位置,無遺漏地吸收太陽光,並努力維持面板P的姿勢維持,在強風或颱風時,分析所搭載之風向風速計的訊號而事先進行動作將面板P的姿勢保持成水平姿勢。   又,本發明的自我發電式電信塔T所搭載的太陽光自動追隨太陽能系統,在與固定式太陽能發電系統比較時,相對於固定式太陽光系統為10%,本太陽光自動追隨系統有33%之將近三倍的差異。於圖13表示將固定式與本發明之追隨式發電效率予以比較的圖表。   [0024] 圖5~圖12如前述般,使追加搭載有風力發電機的電信塔成為牢固的構造,圖5、圖6是筒式塔架的水平剖面圖與部分前視圖,圖7、圖8為三角塔架的水平剖面圖與部分前視圖,圖9、圖10為四角塔架的水平剖面圖與部分前視圖。   圖5、圖6的圓筒式塔架,在圓筒狀之支柱10的側部將2根倒V狀的下安裝臂11、12與2根倒V狀的上安裝臂13、14予以水平地安裝,在倒V狀的交點彼此連結,且在該連結部設置上部軸承與下部軸承,來支撐風車W的旋轉軸a。雖然於該旋轉軸a的下端設置有發電機E,但省略圖示。於圓筒狀的支柱10,如圖所示,在180度的相反側亦安裝有倒V狀的安裝臂,來安裝支撐風車W。又,於支柱10的正面側與背面側亦安裝有風車W或發電機,可設置共4組。圓筒狀的支柱10,亦可為移動基地站用的支柱。   [0025] 圖7、圖8是在三角塔架T中,在3個各自的邊15、16、17,將2根倒V狀的下安裝臂11、12與2根倒V狀的上安裝臂13、14予以水平地安裝,在倒V狀的交點彼此連結,且在該連結部設置上部軸承與下部軸承,來支撐風車W的旋轉軸a。雖然於該旋轉軸a的下端設置有發電機E,但省略圖示。在三角塔架T,如上述般,以120度的間隔安裝有3組倒V狀的安裝臂,來安裝支撐風車W。   [0026] 圖9、圖10是在四角塔架T中,在4個各自的邊18、19、20、21,將2根倒V狀的下安裝臂11、12與2根倒V狀的上安裝臂13、14予以水平地安裝,在倒V狀的交點彼此連結,且在該連結部設置上部軸承與下部軸承,來支撐風車W的旋轉軸a。雖然於該旋轉軸a的下端設置有發電機E,但省略圖示。在四角塔架T,如圖示般,以90度的間隔安裝有4組倒V狀的安裝臂,來安裝支撐風車W。   [0027] 圖11、圖12,是前述三角塔架與四角塔架的其他實施例,為了成為牢固的構造,將倒V狀之上下的安裝臂11、12與13、14固定於相反側,亦即穿越塔架T的中心來固定。圖11中,在各邊15、16、17將2根倒V狀的下安裝臂11、12與2根倒V狀的上安裝臂13、14予以水平地安裝,在倒V狀的交點彼此連結,且在該連結部設置上部軸承與下部軸承,來支撐風車W的旋轉軸a。但是,該實施例中,與倒V狀的交點的相反側是以螺栓螺帽22等固定在各邊15、16、17之上,此外,通過各邊15、16、17之上,來以螺栓螺帽22連結固定在鄰接之相反側的延長部,且亦以螺栓螺帽22連結固定在鄰接的邊15、16、17。   [0028] 在其他的各邊16、17或圖12的各邊18、19、20、21亦同樣地將倒V狀之上下的安裝臂11、12與13、14的延長部予以連結固定使塔架牢固。   如上述般,通過各邊15、16、17之上來與其他的延長部連結固定的話,加上所有風車或發電機的重心會與塔架T的中心位置一致,故成為最穩定牢固。   利用前述塔架T之一部分的支柱來安裝風向計,或是安裝聖誕樹或七夕祭典等之活動用具、揚聲器或紅色旋轉燈,或是對前述塔架裝飾電燈來將前述塔架以照明來裝飾而可充分地對地區服務,而可充分地對地區服務。   且,以地球溫暖化對策為目標的巴黎協議在美國或中國生效,且在日本亦被批准,但本發明之風力發電或太陽能發電裝置之自我發電的電信塔系統,是最適合巴黎協議所追求之地球溫暖化對策的裝置,讓多數的人知道這個的話可防止異常氣象,或是就勸進採用本發明之塔架T方面亦有效。因此,於前述塔架、前述風車或前述風力發電機之任意的部位,設有巴黎協議或Paris Agreement、遵守巴黎協議、巴黎協議志向或巴黎協定急務的標示來構成為有效。   前述風車的葉片2…的外面因為較寬廣故構成為標示廣告或本發明的優點,且在風車低速旋轉的情況時容易判讀。因此,成為會動的廣告塔來推銷本發明之利用可再生自然能源的技術,或是可推銷採用本發明之系統的企業。   [0029] 於表1表示搭載於塔架T之發電機的基本規格與其他的發電數值。[0030] 於表2表示每個不同形狀之塔架的發電數值。[0031] 於表3表示搭載於塔架之發電機種的發電效率比較。[產業上的可利用性]   [0032] 搭載於前述塔架T之垂直軸型風力發電機的技術性特徵如下所述。   1)作為前述的自我發電式電信塔T所搭載之垂直軸型風力發電機的技術性特徵,就對應所搭載之電信塔的形狀、以及不同構造強度的必要性來看,所搭載之垂直軸型風力發電機的輸出及形狀,可謀求比通常的同型輸出機種還要小型化輕量化。   2)且,前述自我發電式電信塔T所搭載之垂直軸型風力發電機的大小,就一般的電信塔構造上的問題來看是在(Φ1.6m×高度1m)以內,但作為垂直軸型風力發電機之特徵的發電效率會被限制在20~25%(水平軸18~20%),故選擇1kw(平均發電量200w~250w)的風力發電機作為最適合機種,並且關於形狀亦比通常還要小型化成40%左右,且就所搭載之電信塔T的構造平衡上,是均等配置。   當然,於各個機種是使發電機與風車一體化,故可平衡良好地發電。   [0033] 於表4表示搭載於前述塔架T之小型化後的機種與通常機種的發電效率比較。 [0020] Next, it will be described how the self-generating telecommunication tower system of the present invention is actually embodied. FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a self-generating telecommunication tower according to the present invention. T is an installed tower. A windmill W is installed at a height corresponding to the conditions of the installation area, and a solar power generation panel P is installed at the lower part. The power source for communication is a wind turbine or solar power generation installed on the tower T. Panel P comes from me to generate electricity. FIG. 2 is a plan view of a windmill mounted on a tower T. The center axis a is rotated by the rotation force of the blades 2... Installed on the outer ends of the radiation arms 1... generator. The arrow is the direction of rotation, and it is rotated counterclockwise. FIG. 3 is a front view of the wind power generator. The center axis a is rotated by the rotation force of the blades 2 to rotate the generator, and the generator E is set at the lower end of the center axis a to perform self-power generation. The generator E or the windmill W is mounted on the tower T. In addition, the outer surface of the blades 2 is wide and can be used for advertisements and the like. [0021] The wind turbine E of the vertical axis type is different from the wind turbine of the horizontal axis type in that the windmill can be rotated by the breeze without resisting 360 ° all-around wind, and the power generation output can be reliably obtained. In addition, the windmill is a type of wind power that is suitable for the installation condition of the installed tower T, the shape of the windmill body, and a highly advantageous model that can change the output. As long as it is maintained vertical, noise and vibration will occur. slight. Therefore, it is important that the telecommunication tower additionally equipped with a wind turbine has a strong structure. [0022] FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an automatic following device for the solar panel P of FIG. 1 to automatically follow the sunlight, and an east-west control mechanism 5 is mounted on the upper end of the pillar 4 which is provided on the underground base 3 of the body and serves as the ground. . Furthermore, the north-south control mechanism 6 is operated above the east-west control mechanism 5 in the north-south direction. A mounting stand 8 of a solar power generation panel P is mounted on the mounting stand 7 that moves in the north-south direction by the north-south control mechanism 5. In addition, 9 is a solar thermal sensing following sensor. [0023] Although there is an accident that the reflected light caused by the solar power generation panel P enters the house, if it is an automatic following method, such an accident will not be caused. The solar automatic follower generator is equipped with a solar follower which is equipped with a function of the follower sensor 9 that detects the solar heat emitted by the sunlight at any time from the rising sun to the dusk of the sunset. The system function and the solar panel P mounted on the tracking system function, etc., so when comparing the normal fixed solar power generation and the solar power automatically following the power generation efficiency of the solar power generation system, 10% to 20% High power generation efficiency. In other words, the technical features of the solar power installed on the tower T automatically follow the solar power generator. The thermal light emitted by the sunlight is sensed by the thermal sensing solar energy, and a signal is sent to the motors of the two equipped motors. Maintain the position that matches the heat of the sun, absorb the sunlight without omissions, and try to maintain the posture of the panel P. During strong winds or typhoons, analyze the signal of the anemometer mounted on the wind and perform actions in advance to maintain the posture of the panel P to a horizontal posture . In addition, in the self-powered telecommunication tower T of the present invention, the solar automatic tracking solar system is 10% compared with the fixed solar power system when compared with the fixed solar power system. The solar automatic tracking system has 33%. A nearly three-fold difference. FIG. 13 shows a graph comparing the fixed type with the follow-up type power generation efficiency of the present invention. [0024] FIG. 5 to FIG. 12 make the telecommunication tower additionally equipped with a wind turbine a solid structure as described above, and FIG. 5 and FIG. 6 are a horizontal sectional view and a partial front view of the cylindrical tower, FIG. 7 and FIG. 8 is a horizontal sectional view and a partial front view of a triangular tower, and FIG. 9 and FIG. 10 are a horizontal sectional view and a partial front view of a quadrangular tower. In the cylindrical towers of FIGS. 5 and 6, two inverted V-shaped lower mounting arms 11 and 12 and two inverted V-shaped upper mounting arms 13 and 14 are leveled on the side of the cylindrical pillar 10. It is installed on the ground, connected to each other at an inverted V-shaped intersection, and an upper bearing and a lower bearing are provided at the connection portion to support the rotation shaft a of the windmill W. Although the generator E is provided in the lower end of this rotation shaft a, illustration is abbreviate | omitted. As shown in the figure, an inverted V-shaped mounting arm is also attached to the cylindrical pillar 10 on the opposite side of 180 ° to support and support the windmill W. In addition, windmills W or generators are also installed on the front side and the back side of the pillar 10, and a total of four groups can be installed. The cylindrical pillar 10 may be a pillar for a mobile base station. [0025] FIGS. 7 and 8 show two inverted V-shaped lower mounting arms 11, 12 and two inverted V-shaped upper mountings on three respective sides 15, 16, 17 in a triangular tower T The arms 13 and 14 are horizontally mounted, are connected to each other at an inverted V-shaped intersection, and an upper bearing and a lower bearing are provided at the connecting portion to support the rotation shaft a of the windmill W. Although the generator E is provided in the lower end of this rotation shaft a, illustration is abbreviate | omitted. As described above, three sets of inverted V-shaped mounting arms are mounted on the triangular tower T at intervals of 120 degrees to support and support the windmill W. [0026] FIG. 9 and FIG. 10 show two inverted V-shaped lower mounting arms 11, 12 and 2 inverted V-shaped on four respective sides 18, 19, 20, and 21 in a four-sided tower T The upper mounting arms 13 and 14 are horizontally mounted, are connected to each other at an inverted V-shaped intersection, and an upper bearing and a lower bearing are provided at the connecting portion to support the rotation shaft a of the windmill W. Although the generator E is provided in the lower end of this rotation shaft a, illustration is abbreviate | omitted. As shown in the figure, four sets of inverted V-shaped mounting arms are mounted on the quadrangular tower T at 90-degree intervals to support and support the windmill W. [0027] FIG. 11 and FIG. 12 are other embodiments of the aforementioned triangular tower and quadrangular tower. In order to have a strong structure, the inverted V-shaped upper and lower mounting arms 11, 12 and 13, 14 are fixed on opposite sides. That is, it is fixed through the center of the tower T. In FIG. 11, two inverted V-shaped lower mounting arms 11 and 12 and two inverted V-shaped upper mounting arms 13 and 14 are mounted horizontally on each side 15, 16, and 17, and the intersections of the inverted V-shapes are at each other. An upper bearing and a lower bearing are connected to each other at the connection portion to support the rotation shaft a of the windmill W. However, in this embodiment, the side opposite to the inverted V-shaped intersection is fixed to each side 15, 16, and 17 with bolts and nuts 22 and the like. The bolt and nut 22 are connected and fixed to adjacent extensions on the opposite side, and the bolt and nut 22 are also connected and fixed to the adjacent sides 15, 16, and 17. [0028] Similarly, on the other sides 16, 17 or 18, 19, 20, and 21 of FIG. 12, the extensions of the mounting arms 11, 12, and 13, 14 in an inverted V shape are connected and fixed. The tower is firm. As described above, if the other extensions are connected and fixed through the sides 15, 16, and 17, the center of gravity of all the windmills or generators will coincide with the center position of the tower T, so it will be the most stable and firm. Use a pillar of a part of the tower T to install a wind vane, or install Christmas tree or Qixi Festival activities, speakers or red rotating lights, or decorate the tower with electric lights to decorate the tower with lighting Can serve the region adequately, and can serve the region adequately. Moreover, the Paris agreement, which aims at countermeasures for global warming, came into effect in the United States or China and was also approved in Japan. However, the self-generating telecommunication tower system of the wind power or solar power generation device of the present invention is the most suitable for the pursuit of the Paris agreement. The device for countering global warming, to let most people know this, can prevent abnormal weather, or it is effective to persuade the use of the tower T of the present invention. Therefore, it is effective to provide a sign of Paris Agreement or Paris Agreement, compliance with Paris Agreement, Paris Agreement Aspiration, or Paris Agreement Urgent Affairs on any part of the tower, windmill, or wind turbine. Since the outer surface of the blades 2... Of the windmill is wide, it is configured as a sign or an advantage of the present invention, and is easy to read when the windmill is rotating at a low speed. Therefore, it has become a moving advertising tower to promote the technology using renewable natural energy of the present invention, or a company that can promote the system using the present invention. [0029] Table 1 shows the basic specifications of the generator mounted on the tower T and other power generation values. [0030] Table 2 shows the power generation value of each different shape of the tower. [0031] Table 3 shows a comparison of the power generation efficiency of the generator types mounted on the tower. [Industrial Applicability] The technical characteristics of the vertical-axis wind power generator mounted on the tower T are as follows. 1) As the technical characteristics of the vertical axis wind power generator mounted on the self-generating telecommunication tower T described above, in view of the necessity of the shape of the mounted telecommunication tower and the necessity of different structural strengths, the mounted vertical axis The output and shape of the type wind turbine can be reduced in size and weight compared with ordinary output models of the same type. 2) In addition, the size of the vertical axis wind turbine mounted on the self-generating telecommunication tower T is within (Φ1.6m × height 1m) from the perspective of the general structure of the telecommunication tower, but it is the vertical axis. The characteristic power generation efficiency of the type wind turbine will be limited to 20-25% (horizontal axis 18-20%), so the 1kw (average power generation 200w-250w) wind turbine is selected as the most suitable model, and the shape is also It is smaller than usual by about 40%, and it has a uniform configuration in terms of the structural balance of the telecommunications tower T installed on it. Of course, since the generator and the windmill are integrated for each model, it can generate electricity in a well-balanced manner. [0033] Table 4 shows the power generation efficiency comparison between the miniaturized model mounted on the tower T and the normal model.
[0034][0034]
T‧‧‧塔架T‧‧‧ tower
P‧‧‧太陽能發電面板P‧‧‧Solar power generation panel
a‧‧‧中心軸a‧‧‧center axis
1‧‧‧放射臂1‧‧‧ radiation arm
2‧‧‧葉片2‧‧‧ blade
E‧‧‧發電機E‧‧‧Generator
W‧‧‧風車W‧‧‧Windmill
3‧‧‧本體地下基礎3‧‧‧ Underground Foundation
4‧‧‧支柱4‧‧‧ pillar
5‧‧‧東西控制機構5‧‧‧ East-West Control Agency
6‧‧‧南北控制機構6‧‧‧North-South Control Agency
7‧‧‧架台固定台7‧‧‧Mounting table
8‧‧‧固定架台8‧‧‧ fixed frame
9‧‧‧太陽光熱感知追隨感測器9‧‧‧ Sunlight Thermal Sensing Following Sensor
9‧‧‧追隨感測器9‧‧‧ follow sensor
10‧‧‧圓筒狀的支柱10‧‧‧ cylindrical pillar
15、16、17‧‧‧邊15, 16, 17‧‧‧ side
11、12‧‧‧下安裝臂11, 12‧‧‧ lower mounting arm
13、14‧‧‧上安裝臂13, 14‧‧‧ Upper mounting arm
18、19、20、21‧‧‧邊18, 19, 20, 21‧‧‧ side
11、12‧‧‧下安裝臂11, 12‧‧‧ lower mounting arm
13、14‧‧‧上安裝臂13, 14‧‧‧ Upper mounting arm
22‧‧‧螺栓螺帽22‧‧‧Bolt nut
[0019]   圖1為本發明之自我發電式電信塔的立體圖。   圖2為安裝於塔架之風車的平面圖。   圖3為風力發電機的前視圖。   圖4為太陽能面板之自動追隨裝置的立體圖。   圖5為追加搭載風力發電機之筒式塔架的水平剖面圖。   圖6為前述筒式塔架的前視圖。   圖7為三角塔架的水平剖面圖。   圖8為前述三角塔架的前視圖。   圖9為四角塔架的水平剖面圖。   圖10為前述四角塔架的前視圖。   圖11為前述三角塔架之其他實施例的水平剖面圖。   圖12為前述四角塔架之其他實施例的水平剖面圖。   圖13為固定式的太陽能發電與本發明的追隨式太陽能發電之表示比較效率的圖表。[0019] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a self-generating telecommunication tower according to the present invention. Figure 2 is a plan view of a windmill mounted on a tower. Figure 3 is a front view of the wind turbine. FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an automatic following device of a solar panel. FIG. 5 is a horizontal cross-sectional view of a cylindrical tower additionally equipped with a wind turbine. Figure 6 is a front view of the aforementioned cylindrical tower. Figure 7 is a horizontal sectional view of a triangular tower. FIG. 8 is a front view of the aforementioned triangular tower. Figure 9 is a horizontal sectional view of a quadrangular tower. FIG. 10 is a front view of the aforementioned quadrangular tower. FIG. 11 is a horizontal sectional view of another embodiment of the aforementioned triangular tower. FIG. 12 is a horizontal sectional view of another embodiment of the aforementioned quadrangular tower. Fig. 13 is a graph showing comparative efficiency between the stationary solar power generation and the follow-up solar power generation of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 一種風力發電式電信塔,使1或複數根支柱豎立來構成塔架,以在其任意的高度所設置之於水平方向呈倒V狀之下安裝臂的前端與上安裝臂的前端所具備的軸承來支撐風車的中心軸,且具有風車,該風車在從前述中心軸往放射方向所設置的下部旋轉臂與上部旋轉臂的外端間具備鉛直方向的葉片,   其特徵為,在前述塔架的平面形狀為多角形的情況,從各自的邊的兩側使前述倒V狀的下安裝臂與上安裝臂突出來形成等腰三角形狀,並互相連結前端彼此來設置軸承,而且前述上下安裝臂的長度為不妨礙風車旋轉的長度。A wind power generation type telecommunication tower is provided with one or a plurality of pillars to constitute a tower, and the front end of a lower mounting arm and the front end of an upper mounting arm provided at an arbitrary height and arranged in an inverted V shape in a horizontal direction are provided. The bearing supports the central axis of the windmill, and has a windmill. The windmill includes a vertical blade between a lower rotary arm and an outer end of the upper rotary arm provided in a radial direction from the central axis. In the case of a polygonal planar shape, the inverted V-shaped lower mounting arm and the upper mounting arm are protruded from both sides of each side to form an isosceles triangle shape, and the front ends are connected to each other to provide bearings, and the upper and lower mounting The length of the arm is a length that does not hinder the rotation of the windmill.
  2. 如請求項1所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,在前述塔架所期望的高度之段的平面形狀為多角形的各邊承載有前述下安裝臂的構造中,   與前述下安裝臂的前端的相反側在通過前述邊的上面之後與其他的下安裝臂或其他的邊連結。The wind power generation telecommunication tower according to claim 1, wherein, in a structure in which each side of the planar shape of the desired height of the tower has a polygonal shape carrying the aforementioned lower mounting arm, The opposite side of the front end is connected to other lower mounting arms or other sides after passing the upper side of the aforementioned side.
  3. 如請求項1或請求項2所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,因應使前述風車旋轉之風的強度或所到來之驅動風的高度來選定設置風車的高度或段數。The wind power generation telecommunication tower according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the height or number of segments of the windmill is selected according to the strength of the wind that rotates the windmill or the height of the driving wind that comes.
  4. 如請求項1或請求項2所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,除了前述風車外,具備可自動追隨之太陽能發電機的面板。The wind power generation telecommunication tower according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein in addition to the aforementioned windmill, a panel capable of automatically following a solar generator is provided.
  5. 如請求項1或請求項2所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,利用前述塔架之一部分的支柱來安裝風向計,或是安裝聖誕樹或七夕祭典等之活動用具、揚聲器或紅色旋轉燈,而構成為可對地區服務。The wind power generation telecommunication tower according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein a wind vane is installed by using a pillar of a part of the aforementioned tower, or activity appliances, speakers, or red rotating lights such as a Christmas tree or a Tanabata festival, It is structured to serve the region.
  6. 如請求項1或請求項2所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,於前述塔架、前述風車或前述風力・太陽能發電機之任意的部位,設有巴黎協議或Paris Agreement、遵守巴黎協定、巴黎協議志向或巴黎協議急務的標示。The wind power generation telecommunication tower according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein a Paris Agreement or Paris Agreement is set on any part of the tower, the windmill, or the wind and solar power generator, compliance with the Paris Agreement, Paris Agreement Ambition or Paris Agreement Urgent Sign.
  7. 如請求項1或請求項2所述之風力發電式電信塔,其中,於前述風車的葉片外面標示廣告或本發明的優點。The wind power generation telecommunication tower according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein an advertisement or an advantage of the present invention is displayed on the outside of the blade of the windmill.
TW106125233A 2016-11-14 2017-07-27 Self-powered telecommunication tower TWI714798B (en)

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