TW201239168A - Heat insulation method for residential wall and heat insulation structure for residential wall - Google Patents

Heat insulation method for residential wall and heat insulation structure for residential wall Download PDF

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Publication number
TW201239168A
TW201239168A TW101105471A TW101105471A TW201239168A TW 201239168 A TW201239168 A TW 201239168A TW 101105471 A TW101105471 A TW 101105471A TW 101105471 A TW101105471 A TW 101105471A TW 201239168 A TW201239168 A TW 201239168A
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Taiwan
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heat
moisture
house
proof
structural
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TW101105471A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Masaki Toyama
Seiichi Takahashi
Masaya Hirosue
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Sekisui Chemical Co Ltd
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Publication of TW201239168A publication Critical patent/TW201239168A/en

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Abstract

The present invention provides a heat insulation method for residential wall and a heat insulation structure for residential wall, which uneasily cause dewing such as so-called summer type dewing and further reduce damage caused by termite invasion. The heat insulation method for residential wall according to the present invention includes the following steps: installing a structural face material 6 on faces of house outsides of a plurality of structural bodies 5; adhering an anti-moisture and anti-water sheet material 7 to the surface side of house outside of the structure face material 6; installing an outside decorating material 8 on the surface side of house outside of the anti-moisture and the anti-water sheet material 7; arranging the heat insulation material 4 on the faces of house insides of a plurality of structural bodies by a way of being opposite to the structural face material 6; and installing an inside decorating material 2 on the surface side of house inside of the heat insulation material 4.

Description

201239168 六、發明說明: 【發明所屬之技術領域】 本發明係關於i用以實現住宅之斷熱之住宅用壁面斷 熱工法及住宅用壁面斷熱構造,更詳細而言,係關於一種 使用斷熱材及防濕防水片材之住宅用壁面斷熱工法及住宅 用壁面斷熱構造。 【先前技術】 先前’對高樓或住宅等之壁面使用多種斷熱卫法。藉由 提高斷熱性’可節省暖氣費或冷氣費,可實現節能。 近年來,於九州南部以南之悶熱地區,亦逐漸自先前之 開放之生活方式,滲透完善冷氣裝置之密閉型生活方式。 因此,於如此之悶熱地區,亦要求住宅之斷熱性之提高。 先前,為了包含住宅之建築物之壁面之斷熱化,使用以 下之填充斷熱X法或外牆斷熱工法(例如,「住宅之節能基 準之解說」發行:財團法人建築環境·節能機構第3版7 印刷平成22年12月1日5章^ „計劃之基本想法 5.1.1構造與斷熱工法)。 於填充斷熱工法中,於外飾材〜透氣層〜透質防水片材〜 壁面〜構造軀體之柱〜防濕層〜内飾材之積層構造中,將斷 熱材填充於壁面與防濕層之間之空間中。於屋外為古田 時’來自外部之濕氣侵入至構造躺體所在之部分為止= 滞留於上述防濕層之外側。於室内溫度藉由冷氣等而較低 之情形時,於防濕層之外表面產生所謂之夏季型結露。若 變得更加高溫多濕’則侵入至構造躺體所在之部分之水蒸 I623l6.doc 201239168 氣量增加。因此,於悶熱地區,與本州以北相比,上述夏 季型結露之損害變得更加深刻。 為了防止上述結露,理想的是隨著趨於屋外側,而使用 防濕性優異之材料。藉此’將所產生之結露經由透氣層釋 放至外部。 然而,由於透氣層具有複數個孔,故有白蟻侵入,而腐 蝕相較透氣層位於更内側之發泡塑料系之斷熱材部分之問 題。即,有形成所謂之蟻道,由此斷熱性能降低之虞。進 而,亦有產生斷熱欠缺,而於上述部分重新產生結露之 虞。 。 於外牆斷熱工法中,形成外飾材〜透氣層〜透質防水片材 〜斷熱材〜構造用Φ材〜構造躺體〜防濕層〜内飾材之積層構 ,。含有發泡塑料系材料之斷熱材之透質性較高,僅使少 量之水蒸氣透過。因此’不易產生夏季型結露,但有白蟻 仍然經由透氣層部分而侵人之虞β因&,腐飯包含發 料系樹脂之斷熱材,形錢道。其結果,有連同 起崩落之虞。 【發明内容】 本發明之目的在於提供一種住宅用壁面斷熱工法及住 用壁面斷熱構造’其不僅可消除上述先前技術之缺點 高住宅之壁面中之斷熱性,而可實現省能源化, 產生因白蛾之侵入引起之損害。 易 本發明之住宅用壁面斷熱工法包含如下步驟:將 面材安裝於複數個構造軀體之屋外側之面;將防濕防水片 162316.doc 201239168 材配置於上述構造用面材之屋外側表面側;將外飾材固定 於上述防濕防水片材之屋外側表面側;以與上述構造用面 材對向之方式將斷熱材配置於上述複數個構造軀體之屋内 側之面;及將内飾材固定於上述斷熱材之屋内側表面側。 於本發明之住宅用壁面斷熱工法之某特定之態樣中,將 防濕片材配置於上述斷熱材之屋内側表面側之後,安裝上 述内飾材。於此情形時,由於進一步設置有防濕片材,故 可更有效地防止結露》 本發明之住宅用壁面斷熱構造包含:複數個軀體;構造 用面材,其安裝於複數個軀體之屋外側表面側;防濕防水 片材,其配置於上述構造用面材之屋外側表面側;外飾 材,其配置於上述防濕防水片材之屋外側表面側;斷熱 材,其以與上述構造軀體之屋内側之面接觸之方式配置, 且以與上述構造用面材隔開空間而對向之方式配置;及内 飾材,其固定於上述斷熱材之屋内側表面側。 於本發明之住宅用壁面斷熱構造中,較佳為其進而包含 设置於斷熱材與内飾材之間之防濕片材。藉此,可更有效 地防止結露。 再者,本發明中之上述防濕防水片材較佳為具有依據 S A693 0之防濕性能為〇 〇82[m2.s.pa/ng]以上之透濕阻力 者。藉由使用如上所述之防濕防水片材,可有效地防止結 露。 根據本發明之住宅用壁面斷熱工法及住宅用壁面斷熱構 4,斷熱材相較構造用面材及構造軀體更位於屋内側。因 162316.doc 201239168 此,白蟻之侵入停留於構造用面材為止之部分,因此不易 於斷熱材形成蟻道。因此,斷熱性能不易降低。除此之 外,由於不易產生斷熱欠缺,故可更有效地抑制結露之產 生進而,由於不易於斷熱材形成蟻道,以及斷熱材相較 構造用面材位於更外側’故亦不易產生因斷熱材之腐蝕引 起之外飾材之崩落。 由此,根據本發明,可提供一種即便於在悶熱地區使用 之情形時,亦不易產生所謂之夏季型結露,進而斷熱性優 異而且不易遭受因白犧引起之損害之住宅用壁面斷熱構 造0 【實施方式】 以下’說明本發明之詳細情況。 圖1係表示本發明之一實施形態之住宅用壁面斷熱構造 之局部切口剖面圖。 住七用壁面斷熱構造1係提高住宅之壁面之斷熱性者。 於住宅用壁面斷熱構造1中’自屋内側起,以内飾材2〜防 濕片材3〜斷熱材4〜構造躯體5〜構造用面材6〜防濕防水片材 7〜外飾材8之順序積層有該等構件。 構造躺體5係柱等支樓住宅之構造之躺體。該構造躺體$ 係沿著住宅之壁面酉己置有複數根。構造軀體5係於木製房 屋之情形時,由木材構成,但亦可為由鋼架等其他材料構 成者。 於複數個構造軀體5之屋外側之面’固定有構造用面材 6。構造用面材6係構成壁面之構件。構造用面材6係於本 1623I6.doc 201239168 .形&中由水泥板構成。不過,構造用面材6可由水 泥木材、金屬等多種材料形成。 構&用面材6係為了構成壁面,而以將由複數個構造躺 體5形成之部分與外部遮斷之方式安裝。X,由於構造用 面材6為構成壁面之材料’且含有如上所述之材料,故不 易遭受因白蟻等弓丨起之腐蝕。 為了保護構造用面材6,而於構造用面材6之屋外側表面 附有防“防水片材7。於本實施形態十防濕防水片材7 由防濕聚乙烯片材構成。不㊣,防濕防水片材7亦可由其 他口成樹月曰材料形成。如上所述之防濕防水片材7中之 「防濕防水J係指具有根據JIS A6930之防濕性能為 〇.〇82[m2,S’Pa/ng]以上之透濕阻力者。 於上述防濕防水片材7之屋外側表面配置有外飾材8。於 本實施形態中,外飾材8由窯業系壁板構成。不過,外飾 材8亦可由金屬系·陶瓷系.樹脂系.木質系壁板、輕量水泥 砂漿、混凝土塊、輕量氣泡混凝土、瓷磚、磚、石材等適 宜之住宅用外飾材料形成。 於構造軀體5之屋内側之面,配置有板狀之斷熱材4。斷 熱材4之内表面接觸於複數個構造軀體5之屋内側之面。作 為斷熱材4,可使用發泡性塑料系之先前以來作為住宅用 斷熱材而使用之適宜之材料。於本實施形態中,斷熱材4 係由發泡酚樹脂系保溫板構成。 於上述斷熱材4之屋内側表面積層有防濕片材3。於本發 明中,亦可不使用防濕片材3。不過,藉由設置防濕片材 162316.doc 201239168 3,可更有效地抑制結露之產生。 於本實施形態中,防濕片材3係由聚乙稀膜構成。不 過,防濕片材3亦可由適宜之防濕性合成樹脂月材形成。 再者,防濕片材中t「防濕」係指透濕阻力值之防濕性能 為 0.082[m2,s*Pa/ng]以上者。 於防濕片材3之屋内側表面側積層有内飾材2。内飾材2 含有構成房屋内飾之適宜之材料,於本實施形態令,由石 膏板構成。不過’對於構成内飾材2之材料,並不限定於 石膏板’可使用合板、㈣甸板' MDF(Medium 〇如_ ,中密度纖維板)、硬紙板' 〇SB(0riented oafd &向結構创花板)板軟質纖維板等多種材 料。 本實施形態之住宅用壁面斷熱構造1之特徵在於:上过 斷熱材4相較構造軀體5配置於屋内W,且以與構造用面相 6隔開空間而對向之方式配置…相較構造用面材6於屋 内側配置有斷熱材4,因此白蟻之侵人係㈣於構造用面 材6為止之部分。因此’即便斷熱材4具有多數之孔,亦可 破實地抑制白蟻進一步向内部侵入或蟻道之形成。因此, 不易產生斷熱欠缺’而不易產生斷熱性能之降低。由此,201239168 VI. Description of the Invention: [Technical Field] The present invention relates to a wall heat-dissipation method for residential use and a wall heat-dissipation structure for residential use, and more particularly to Hot-walled and moisture-proof waterproof sheet for residential wall heat-breaking method and residential wall-heating structure. [Prior Art] Previously, various wall-breaking methods were used for walls of high-rise buildings or houses. By increasing the heat resistance, you can save on heating or air-conditioning costs and save energy. In recent years, the sultry areas south of southern Kyushu have gradually penetrated the closed lifestyle of air-conditioning devices from the previously open lifestyle. Therefore, in such a hot and humid area, the heat insulation of the house is also required to be improved. In the past, in order to include the heat insulation of the wall of the building, the following method of filling and heat-discharging X or the external wall thermal insulation method (for example, "Review of the energy-saving standard of the house" is issued: 3 edition 7 Printing Heisei December 1, 2005 5 chapters ^ „Basic idea of the plan 5.1.1 Structure and heat breaking method. In the filling and breaking heat method, the outer material ~ the gas permeable layer ~ the transparent waterproof sheet ~ In the laminated structure of the wall-to-body column to the moisture-proof layer to the interior material, the heat-dissipating material is filled in the space between the wall surface and the moisture-proof layer. When the outside is the Gutian, the moisture from the outside intrudes into the structure. The portion where the lying body is located = stays on the outside of the moisture-proof layer. When the indoor temperature is low by cold air or the like, so-called summer-type condensation occurs on the outer surface of the moisture-proof layer. Wet's intrusion into the part of the structure where the reclining body is steamed. I623l6.doc 201239168 The gas volume increases. Therefore, in the hot area, the damage of the above-mentioned summer type condensation becomes more profound than that of the north of the state. It is desirable to use a material excellent in moisture resistance as it goes to the outside of the house, thereby releasing the generated condensation to the outside through the gas permeable layer. However, since the gas permeable layer has a plurality of pores, termite intrusion occurs. The problem that the corrosion phase is located on the inner side of the foamed plastic part of the heat-dissipating material is larger than that of the gas-permeable layer. That is, there is a so-called ant channel, whereby the heat-dissipating performance is lowered. Further, there is a lack of heat-breaking, and In the above part, the condensation is regenerated. In the external wall breaking heat method, the outer decorative material is formed into a gas-permeable layer, a transparent waterproof sheet, a heat-dissipating material, a structure, a Φ material, a structural body, a moisture-proof layer, and a moisture-proof layer. The laminated structure of the decorative material. The heat-dissipating material containing the foamed plastic material has high permeability and only transmits a small amount of water vapor. Therefore, it is not easy to produce summer type condensation, but termites still invade through the gas permeable layer. The human 虞β is &, the rot rice contains the heat-dissipating material of the hair-based resin, and the result is a smashing. The invention aims to provide a wall heat-dissipating heat for a house. Construction method and residence With the wall-heating structure, it not only eliminates the above-mentioned disadvantages of the prior art, but also reduces the heat-breaking property in the wall of the house, thereby achieving energy saving and causing damage caused by the invasion of the white moth. The method includes the steps of: mounting the face material on the outer side of the plurality of structural bodies; and arranging the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 162316.doc 201239168 on the outer side surface of the roof of the structural surface; fixing the outer material to the above a side surface side of the house of the moisture-proof waterproof sheet; a heat-dissipating material disposed on a side of the inner side of the plurality of structural bodies so as to face the structural surface material; and fixing the interior material to the heat-dissipating material In a specific aspect of the wall heat-dissipation method for a house according to the present invention, the moisture-proof sheet is placed on the inner side surface side of the heat-insulating material, and the interior material is attached. In this case, since the moisture-proof sheet is further provided, condensation can be more effectively prevented. The wall heat-insulating structure for a house of the present invention includes: a plurality of bodies; a structural face material which is installed in a plurality of body houses a moisture-proof waterproof sheet disposed on the outer side surface side of the structural surface material; an outer decorative material disposed on the outer side surface side of the moisture-proof waterproof sheet; and a heat-dissipating material The surface of the inside of the structure body is placed in contact with each other, and is disposed to face the space for the structural surface material, and the interior material is fixed to the inner side surface side of the heat insulating material. In the wall heat-insulating structure for a house of the present invention, it is preferable to further comprise a moisture-proof sheet provided between the heat-dissipating material and the interior material. Thereby, condensation can be prevented more effectively. Further, the moisture-proof waterproof sheet of the present invention preferably has a moisture-proof resistance of 〇82 [m2.s.pa/ng] or more in accordance with the moisture-proof property of S A693 0. By using the moisture-proof waterproof sheet as described above, condensation can be effectively prevented. According to the wall heat-breaking method for a house and the wall-breaking heat structure for a house according to the present invention, the heat-dissipating material is located further on the inner side of the house than the structural face material and the structural body. Since 162316.doc 201239168, the intrusion of termites remains at the part of the structural surface material, so it is not easy to form the ant road by the hot material. Therefore, the heat insulation performance is not easily lowered. In addition, since it is not easy to generate heat loss, it is possible to more effectively suppress the occurrence of condensation, and since it is not easy to form the ant road by the hot material, and the heat-dissipating material is located on the outer side of the structural surface material, it is not easy. The occurrence of the collapse of the decorative material due to the corrosion of the hot material. Thus, according to the present invention, it is possible to provide a wall-type heat-dissipating structure for a house which is less likely to cause so-called summer-type dew condensation even when used in a hot area, and which is excellent in heat-insulating property and is not easily damaged by white sacrifice. [Embodiment] The following describes the details of the present invention. Fig. 1 is a partially cutaway sectional view showing a wall heat insulating structure for a house according to an embodiment of the present invention. The seven-wall heat-breaking structure is used to improve the heat insulation of the wall of the house. In the wall heat-dissipating structure 1 for a house, the interior material 2, the moisture-proof sheet 3, the heat-dissipating material 4, the structural body 5, the structural surface material 6, the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 7 The members 8 are laminated in the order of the members. Construct a reclining body of a structure such as a 5-story column of a reclining body. The structure of the lying body has a plurality of roots along the wall of the house. When the structural body 5 is tied to a wooden house, it is made of wood, but it may be made of other materials such as a steel frame. A structural surface material 6 is fixed to the surface of the outer side of the plurality of structural bodies 5. The structural surface material 6 is a member constituting a wall surface. The structural surface material 6 is composed of a cement board in the form of the present invention. However, the structural face material 6 can be formed of various materials such as cement wood or metal. The face material 6 is attached so as to form a wall surface, and to block the portion formed by the plurality of structural bodies 5 from the outside. X, since the structural face material 6 is a material constituting the wall surface and contains the above-mentioned materials, it is not susceptible to corrosion by termites or the like. In order to protect the structural surface material 6, the waterproof sheet 7 is attached to the outer surface of the exterior of the structural surface material 6. In the present embodiment, the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 7 is made of a moisture-proof polyethylene sheet. The moisture-proof waterproof sheet 7 can also be formed of other mouth-forming materials. The moisture-proof waterproof J in the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 7 as described above has a moisture-proof property according to JIS A6930. The moisture permeability resistance of m2, S'Pa/ng or more is disposed on the outer surface of the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 7 of the above-mentioned moisture-proof waterproof sheet 7. In the present embodiment, the outer material 8 is composed of a kiln wall panel. However, the exterior material 8 may also be formed of a suitable metal exterior material such as a metal system, a ceramic system, a resin system, a wood wall panel, a lightweight cement mortar, a concrete block, a lightweight bubble concrete, a tile, a brick, or a stone. A plate-shaped heat-dissipating material 4 is disposed on the inner surface of the building body 5. The inner surface of the heat-dissipating material 4 is in contact with the inner side of the plurality of structural bodies 5. As the heat-dissipating material 4, the hair can be used. A suitable material that has been used as a thermal insulation for residential use in the past. In the embodiment, the heat-dissipating material 4 is composed of a foamed phenol resin-based heat insulating sheet. The moisture-proof sheet 3 is provided on the inner surface layer of the heat-dissipating material 4. In the present invention, the moisture-proof sheet 3 may not be used. However, by providing the moisture-proof sheet 162316.doc 201239168 3, the occurrence of dew condensation can be more effectively suppressed. In the present embodiment, the moisture-proof sheet 3 is composed of a polyethylene film. However, the moisture-proof sheet 3 can also be formed from a suitable moisture-proof synthetic resin material. Further, in the moisture-proof sheet, t "moisture prevention" means that the moisture resistance of the moisture permeability resistance value is 0.082 [m2, s*Pa/ng] or more. . An interior material 2 is laminated on the inner side surface of the house of the moisture-proof sheet 3. The interior material 2 contains a suitable material constituting the interior of the house, and is composed of a stone paste plate in the present embodiment. However, 'for the materials constituting the interior material 2, it is not limited to the gypsum board', the plywood can be used, (4) the dynasty board 'MDF (Medium 〇, medium density fiberboard), the cardboard 〇 SB (0riented oafd & A variety of materials such as soft board and board. The wall heat-dissipating structure 1 for a house according to the present embodiment is characterized in that the upper heat-dissipating material 4 is disposed in the room W compared to the structure body 5, and is disposed opposite to the surface of the structure surface 6 so as to be opposed to each other. Since the structural surface material 6 is provided with the heat insulating material 4 on the inner side of the house, the invading system of the termites (4) is a part of the structural surface material 6. Therefore, even if the heat-dissipating material 4 has a large number of holes, it is possible to suppress the further intrusion of termites into the interior or the formation of the ants. Therefore, it is not easy to cause a heat loss defect, and it is not easy to cause a decrease in the heat insulation performance. thus,

即便於問熱地區使帛’亦可有效地抑制所謂之夏季型W 露。 、’ 其人說明獲得上述住宅用壁面斷熱構造之住宅 熱工法。 首先以構成壁面之方式組裝複數個構造軀體5。組裝 I62316.doc 201239168 將構造用面材6固定於複數個構 而,將防濕防水片材7貼合於構That is to say, it is convenient to ask the hot area to make the so-called summer type W dew. , 'The person's description of the residential thermal engineering method for obtaining the above-mentioned residential wall heat insulation structure. First, a plurality of structural bodies 5 are assembled in such a manner as to constitute a wall surface. Assembling I62316.doc 201239168 The structural face material 6 is fixed to a plurality of structures, and the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 7 is attached to the structure.

水片材7之屋外側表面。 該複數個構造軀體5之後,將相 造軀體5之屋外側表面。繼而, 造用面材6之屋外側表面。然後 水片材7之屋外側表面。該面g 繼而,將斷熱材4無間隙地配置於複數根構造軀體5之屋 内側之面。於此情形時,理想的是以於複數根構造軀體5 與室内側之間不產生斷熱材4間之間隙之方式配置複數個 斷熱材4。 再者,於本實施形態中’防濕片材3預先貼合於斷熱材4 之屋内側表面。不過,亦可於固定斷熱材4後,將防濕片 材3貼合於斷熱材4之屋内側表面。 於本實施形態中,配置上述斷熱材4後,自屋内側以隱 蔽斷熱材4及防濕片材3之方式固定内飾材2。於本實施形 態中’藉由螺釘將内飾材2直接固定於構造軀體5 ^即,介 隔防濕片材3及斷熱材4藉由螺釘將内飾材2固定於構造軀 體5°因此,可提高内飾材2之固定強度。 不過’亦可藉由黏接等將内飾材2貼合於防濕片材3之屋 内側表面。 162316.doc 201239168 再者,於施工上述構造軀體5之屋外側之構造即構造用 面材6、防濕防水片材7及外飾材8後,施工屋内側之構造 即斷熱材4、防濕片材3及内飾材2,但該順序亦可相反β 如上所述’於本實施形態之住宅用壁面斷熱工法中,於 以與構造軀體5之屋内側表面接觸之方式配置板狀之斷熱 材4後’僅藉由固定内飾材2而可容易地施工。因此,不會 導致施工步驟之複雜化,依據本發明,可抑制白蟻之侵 入。而且,可獲得斷熱性能優異,不易產生所謂之夏季型 結露之住宅用壁面斷熱構造。 繼而,藉由列舉具體之實施例及比較例,更具體地說明 本發明。再者,本發明並不限定於以下之實施例。 (實施例) 作為實施例,施工與上述實施形態大致相同之住宅用壁 面斷熱構造1。再者,未設置防濕片材3。所使用之材料係 如下所述。 構造軀體:鋼架。構造軀體5之屋内側表面與屋外側表 面之間之尺寸係設為1 〇〇 mm。即,圖i之空間Α之厚度係 設為100 mm。 構造用面材6:厚度為20 mm之水泥板。 防濕防水片材7 :防濕聚乙烯片材(厚度為〇 2 mm) 外飾材8 :窯業系壁板[矽酸鈣系,依據JIS a5422] 斷熱材4 :使用酚樹脂發泡保溫板i種2號(厚度為 mm)、商品名phen〇vab〇ard(積水化學工業公司製造,商品 編號:JJ20N)。即,使用JIS Α951ι中記載之作為發泡塑料 162316.doc -10· 201239168 · 系斷熱材之上述酚樹脂發泡保溫板1種2號。 内飾材2 :石膏板、厚度為12 5 mm 使用上述各材料,依據上述實施形態之工法形成實施例 之住宅用壁面斷熱構造。 (比較例1) 精由先前之填充斷熱工法形成住宅用壁面斷熱構造。 即,如圖2中模式剖面圖所示般,將構造用面材%安裝於 構造軀體54之屋外側表面。作為構造軀體54, 例相同之材料。又,作為構造用面材56,*用合板與(= 為 9.5 mm)。 將與實施例中所使用者相同之由防濕聚乙烯片材構成之 防濕防水片材57及由聚乙烯製不織布構成之厚度狀2随 之透氣層58貼合於上述構造用面材56之屋外側表面。進 而,以與實施例相同之方式,藉由螺釘將含有與實施例相 同之材料之外飾材59固定於構造軀體54。 繼而,將m A9521中記載之作為住宅用人造礦物纖維 斷熱材之住宅用玻璃絨設為斷熱材55,無間隙地配置於複 數根構造軀體54間。該住宅用玻璃絨之厚度係設為 。即’將構造軀體54之屋内側表面與屋外側表面之間 之尺寸設為50mm,將斷熱材55之厚度設為5〇随。 7繼而’利用射釘n等將含有與實施例中所使用之防濕防 材相同之材料之防濕防水片材53暫時固定於斷熱材55 /内側表面’藉由利用修飾材等進行按壓而固定。然 後’藉由螺夾將與實施例中所使用者相同之厚度為9.5麵 162316.doc 201239168 之由石膏板構成之内飾材52固定於構造軀體54。如此而 行,獲得圖2所示之住宅用壁面斷熱構造51 ^ (比較例2) 形成圖3所示之利用外牆斷熱工法之住宅用壁面斷熱構 造61。 首先’以與實施例及比較例1相同之方式,組裝複數根 構造軀體64,將構造用面材65安裝於構造軀體64之屋外側 表面。再者’作為構造用面材,與比較例1同樣地使用合 板(厚度為9.5 mm)。 繼而,將斷熱材66無間隙地配置於構造用面材65之屋外 側表面’且藉由螺夾而固定於構造軀體64。作為斷熱材 66,與實施例同樣地’使用酚樹脂發泡保溫板丨種2號(厚 度為20 mm)。 繼而’將含有與實施例中所使用者相同之材料之防濕防 水片材6 7貼合於斷熱材6 6之屋外側表面。繼而,將厚度為 〇·2 mm之由聚乙烯製不織布構成之透濕防水片材貼合於防 /愚防水片材6 7之表面作為透氣層6 8。進而,將含有與實施 例中所使用者相同之材料之外飾材69配置於上述透氣層68 之屋外側表面’並藉由螺釘直接固定於構造躯體64。 再者,將含有與實施例中所使用者相同之材料之防濕防 水片材63貼合於與實施例中所使用者相同之厚度為9.5 mm 之由石膏板構成之内飾材62之一面後,自防濕防水片材63 側重疊於複數根構造軀體64,並藉由螺釘直接固定於構造 輕體64。如此而行’準備比較例2之利用外膽斷熱工法之 162316.doc 12 201239168 住宅用壁面斷熱構造61。 (實施例及比較例之評價) (1)夏季型結露產生確認試驗 依據「住宅之熱環境計劃(基於平成11年節能基準之舒 適之住宅結構)(發行:財團法人冑築環境.節能機構⑽ 章節能性能、暖冷氣費及用於設備設計之計算88防露 性能之確認(3)對於利用穩態計算之内部結露之防露性能之 確認(參照P152〜P155)」,藉由一維穩態計算而求出内部結 露。其中,室内之溫度及濕度以及外部氣體之溫度及濕度 係如下所述》 溫度及濕度:室内之溫度係設為2(rc及濕度係設為5〇% RH,外部氣體之溫度係設為35〇c及濕度係設為9〇% RH。 評價基準:如上述參考文獻中記載般,於水蒸氣壓大於 飽和水蒸氣壓之部分產生内部結露。於藉由一維穩態計算 而產生内部結露之時間點,判斷設為對象之構造產生内部 結露。 將藉由上述一維穩態之内部結露計算而求得之各構造中 之内部構成構件之溫度、水蒸氣壓及飽和水蒸氣壓與上述 結露判定結果一併示於下述之表丨〜表3 ^表1表示實施例之 °平h ’表2及表3表示比較例1及比較例2之結果。 162316.doc -13- 201239168 表1 層 溫·度 水蒸氣壓 飽和水蒸氣壓 結露 室内側表面 21.1 8.77 18.74 〇 石膏板[内飾材] 21.6 8.84 19.39 〇 Pheno vaboard [斷熱材] 32.0 20.20 35.60 〇 空氣層[氣密] 32.8 20.21 37.42 〇 木毛板[構造用面材] 34.0 20.66 39.91 〇 聚乙烯膜[防濕防水片材] 34.0 37.20 39.91 〇 壁板[外飾材] 34.6 37.96 41.27 〇 外部氣體側表面 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 表2 層 溫度 水蒸氣壓 飽和水蒸氣壓 結露 室内側表面 20.7 8.77 18.31 〇 石膏板[内飾材] 21.1 8.89 18.72 〇 聚乙烯膜[防濕防水片材] 21.1 37.07 18.72 X 玻璃絨10 K[斷熱材] 33.8 37.14 39.48 〇 木毛板[構造用面材] 34.7 37.90 41.59 〇 防濕防水片材 34.7 37.96 41.59 〇 透濕防水片材[透氣層] 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 壁板[外飾材] 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 外部氣體側表面 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 表3 層 溫度 水蒸氣壓 飽和水蒸氣壓 結露 室内側表面 21.2 8.77 18.92 〇 石膏板[内飾材] 21.9 8.88 19.67 〇 聚乙烯膜[防濕防水»材] 21.9 35.22 19.67 X 空氣層[氣密] 22.9 35.24 20.92 X 木毛板[構造用面材] 24.5 35.95 23.10 X 擠出發泡聚笨乙烯3種[斷熱材] 34.6 37.90 41.15 〇 防濕防水片材 34.6 37.96 41.15 〇 透濕防水片材[透氣層] 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 壁板[外飾材] 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 外部氣體側表面 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 根據表2可明白:於比較例1中,於斷熱材55之外側之防 濕防水片材57所在之部分發現結露。又,如表3所示,於 162316.doc -14- 201239168 比較例2之藉由外牆斷埶工 β ^ m * '、去所獲仔之斷熱構造中,於構 ie用面材65之表面、複數個槐、生— 冓知·軀體64間所包圍之空氣層 及权置有防濕防水片材63之位 置發現結露。即,於比較例 1及2中,產生所謂之夏季型結露。 與此相對,如表1所示, ^ ^ 於上述實施例之住宅用 壁面斷熱構造1中,未發現結 型結露。 因此可有效地抑制夏季 (2)空調負荷降低性確認試驗 依據下述參考文獻中記載之方 執I方法,求出熱損失係數(Q值 [W/m.K])°Q值係將室内外之溫度差為rc時之㈣時之 熱損失除以總使用面積所獲得之值。該q值越小,來自建 築物之熱和失量越少,而可實現節能。 參考文獻:住宅之熱環境計劃(基於平成u年節能基準 之舒適之住宅結構)(發行:財團法人建築環境節能機構) 第8章節能性能、暖冷氣費及用於設備設計之計算82熱損 失係數(Q值)8.2.1〜8.2.4及8.4熱損失係數_)計算例(參照 P118〜P126及P131〜P139) 再者,斷熱材之熱導率係根據JIS Al412_2(平板熱流計 法)而測定。 工之住宅中,打 使用計算軟體 團法人建築環 下之條件進行解 對於在如上述般實施例及比較例中所施 開窗戶之情形與未打開窗戶之情形, (SMASH for Windows(註冊商標)ver_2(財 境·節能機構),對以下之住宅模式利用以 析。 1623I6.doc •15- 201239168 住毛模式.住宅之節能基準之解說(發行:財團法人建 築環境.印能機構)第7章附錄74計算例74」木製獨立住宅 中之熱才貝失係數之計算例以上述文獻記載之模式住宅為基 礎,將構造設為鋼架製而實施計算。 外界氣象條件:沖繩 冷氣運行.起居室兼餐室、主寢室、西式房間1、西式 房間2之間歇運行The outer surface of the house of water sheet 7. After the plurality of structural bodies 5 are formed, the outer surface of the body 5 is formed. Then, the outer surface of the house of the face material 6 is made. Then the outer side surface of the water sheet 7 is. This surface g is then placed on the inner side of the house of the plurality of structural bodies 5 without a gap. In this case, it is preferable that a plurality of heat-dissipating materials 4 are disposed such that a gap between the plurality of structural bodies 5 and the indoor side does not generate a gap between the heat-dissipating materials 4. Further, in the present embodiment, the moisture-proof sheet 3 is bonded to the inner side surface of the heat-dissipating material 4 in advance. However, after the heat-dissipating material 4 is fixed, the moisture-proof sheet 3 may be attached to the inner side surface of the heat-dissipating material 4. In the present embodiment, after the heat insulating material 4 is placed, the interior material 2 is fixed from the inside of the house by concealing the heat insulating material 4 and the moisture-proof sheet 3. In the present embodiment, the interior material 2 is directly fixed to the structural body 5 by screws, that is, the moisture-proof sheet 3 and the heat-dissipating material 4 are interposed by fixing the interior material 2 to the structural body 5 by screws. It can improve the fixing strength of the interior material 2. However, the interior material 2 may be attached to the inner side surface of the house of the moisture-proof sheet 3 by adhesion or the like. 162316.doc 201239168 In addition, after constructing the structure surface material 6, the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 7 and the exterior material 8 which are the outer side of the structure of the above-mentioned structure body 5, the structure inside the construction house is the heat-dissipating material 4, and the prevention The wet sheet 3 and the interior material 2, but the order may be reversed. As described above, in the wall thermal insulation method for a house according to the present embodiment, the plate is placed in contact with the inner side surface of the structural body 5. After the heat-dissipating material 4 is removed, it can be easily constructed only by fixing the interior material 2. Therefore, the construction steps are not complicated, and according to the present invention, the intrusion of termites can be suppressed. Further, it is possible to obtain a wall heat-insulating structure for a house which is excellent in heat-dissipating performance and which is less likely to cause so-called summer-type condensation. Hereinafter, the present invention will be more specifically described by enumerating specific examples and comparative examples. Furthermore, the invention is not limited to the following examples. (Example) As an example, a wall heat insulating structure 1 for a house which is substantially the same as the above-described embodiment was constructed. Further, the moisture-proof sheet 3 is not provided. The materials used are as follows. Construct the body: steel frame. The dimension between the inner side surface of the building body 5 and the outer side surface is set to 1 〇〇 mm. That is, the thickness of the space 图 of Fig. i is set to 100 mm. Structural face material 6: a cement board with a thickness of 20 mm. Moisture-proof waterproof sheet 7 : Moisture-proof polyethylene sheet (thickness 〇 2 mm) Exterior material 8 : Kiln siding [calcium citrate, according to JIS a5422] Heat-dissipating material 4 : Using phenol resin foam insulation Plate No. 2 (thickness: mm), trade name: phen〇vab〇ard (manufactured by Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd., product number: JJ20N). In other words, the phenol resin foamed thermal insulation board described in JIS Α 951 051 is used as the foamed plastic 162316.doc -10·201239168. Interior material 2: gypsum board, thickness: 12 5 mm Each of the above materials was used to form a wall heat-insulating structure for a house according to the above-described embodiment. (Comparative Example 1) The wall heat-insulating structure for a house was formed by the previous filling and breaking heat method. That is, as shown in the schematic cross-sectional view of Fig. 2, the structural surface material % is attached to the outer side surface of the structural body 54. As the structural body 54, the same material is exemplified. Further, as the structural surface material 56, * plywood and (= 9.5 mm). The moisture-proof waterproof sheet 57 made of a moisture-proof polyethylene sheet similar to the user in the embodiment and the thickness-like 2 permeable layer 58 made of a polyethylene nonwoven fabric are bonded to the structural face material 56. The outer surface of the house. Further, in the same manner as the embodiment, the decorative body 59 containing the same material as the embodiment is fixed to the structural body 54 by screws. Then, the house glass wool, which is a residential man-made mineral fiber heat-dissipating material described in m A9521, is used as the heat-dissipating material 55, and is disposed between the plurality of structural bodies 54 without any gap. The thickness of the glass wool for this house is set to . That is, the size between the inner side surface of the structural body 54 and the outer side surface of the building body is set to 50 mm, and the thickness of the heat insulating material 55 is set to 5 inches. Then, the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 53 containing the same material as the moisture-proof material used in the embodiment is temporarily fixed to the heat-dissipating material 55 / the inner surface by the use of the nail n or the like. And fixed. Then, the interior material 52 made of gypsum board having a thickness of 9.5 faces 162316.doc 201239168, which is the same as the user in the embodiment, is fixed to the structural body 54 by a screw clamp. In this manner, the wall heat-dissipating structure for a house 51 shown in Fig. 2 (Comparative Example 2) was obtained to form a wall-fired heat-dissipating structure 61 for a house using the external wall breaking heat method shown in Fig. 3. First, a plurality of structural bodies 64 are assembled in the same manner as in the embodiment and the comparative example 1, and the structural surface material 65 is attached to the outer surface of the structural body 64. Further, as a structural surface material, a laminate (having a thickness of 9.5 mm) was used in the same manner as in Comparative Example 1. Then, the heat-dissipating material 66 is disposed on the outer side surface ' of the structural surface material 65 without a gap, and is fixed to the structural body 64 by a screw clamp. As the heat-dissipating material 66, a phenol resin foaming heat insulating sheet No. 2 (thickness: 20 mm) was used in the same manner as in the examples. Then, the moisture-proof and water-repellent sheet 67 containing the same material as the user in the embodiment was attached to the outer surface of the heat-dissipating material 66. Then, a moisture-permeable waterproof sheet made of a polyethylene non-woven fabric having a thickness of 〇·2 mm was attached to the surface of the anti-fog waterproof sheet 67 as a gas permeable layer 68. Further, the material 69 other than the material of the user in the embodiment is disposed on the outer surface ‘ of the air permeable layer 68, and is directly fixed to the structural body 64 by screws. Further, the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 63 containing the same material as the user of the embodiment was attached to one side of the interior material 62 made of gypsum board having a thickness of 9.5 mm which is the same as the user of the embodiment. Thereafter, the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 63 is superposed on the side of the plurality of structural bodies 64, and is directly fixed to the structural light body 64 by screws. In this way, the preparation of Comparative Example 2 using the external heat-breaking method is 162316.doc 12 201239168 Residential wall heat-dissipating structure 61. (Evaluation of the Examples and the Comparative Examples) (1) The confirmation test for the summer-type dew condensation is based on the "Residential Thermal Environment Plan (a comfortable residential structure based on the energy-saving standard of the Hirakata 11). Energy-saving performance, warm air-conditioning costs and calculations for equipment design 88 Confirmation of anti-dew performance (3) Confirmation of anti-dew performance of internal condensation using steady-state calculation (Refer to P152~P155), with one-dimensional stability The internal condensation is obtained by the state calculation. The temperature and humidity of the room and the temperature and humidity of the outside air are as follows. Temperature and humidity: The temperature in the room is set to 2 (rc and the humidity system is set to 5〇% RH, The external gas temperature is set to 35 〇c and the humidity system is set to 9〇% RH. Evaluation criteria: As described in the above reference, internal condensation occurs at a portion where the water vapor pressure is greater than the saturated water vapor pressure. The time point at which the internal condensation is generated by the steady state calculation is determined, and it is judged that the structure of the object is internally dew condensation. The internal structure of each structure obtained by the internal dew condensation calculation of the one-dimensional steady state described above is obtained. The temperature, water vapor pressure, and saturated water vapor pressure of the parts are shown in the following table together with the results of the condensation determination described above. Table 3 shows that the embodiment shows the level h'. Tables 2 and 3 show Comparative Example 1 and Results of Comparative Example 2. 162316.doc -13- 201239168 Table 1 Layer Temperature·Water Vapor Pressure Saturated Water Vapor Pressure Condensation Indoor Side Surface 21.1 8.77 18.74 〇Gypsum Board [Interior Material] 21.6 8.84 19.39 〇Pheno vaboard [Broken Heat Material] 32.0 20.20 35.60 〇 air layer [airtight] 32.8 20.21 37.42 eucalyptus board [construction surface material] 34.0 20.66 39.91 〇 polyethylene film [moisture-proof waterproof sheet] 34.0 37.20 39.91 〇 板 [exterior material] 34.6 37.96 41.27 〇 External gas side surface 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 Table 2 Layer temperature Water vapor pressure Saturated water vapor pressure condensation indoor side surface 20.7 8.77 18.31 〇Gypsum board [interior material] 21.1 8.89 18.72 〇 polyethylene film [moisture-proof waterproof sheet Material] 21.1 37.07 18.72 X Glass wool 10 K [heat-breaking material] 33.8 37.14 39.48 Beech board [construction surface material] 34.7 37.90 41.59 〇 moisture-proof waterproof sheet 34.7 37.96 41.59 〇 moisture-permeable waterproof sheet [breathable layer] 35.0 37. 96 42.18 〇 板 [External material] 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 External gas side surface 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 Table 3 Layer temperature Water vapor pressure Saturated water vapor pressure condensation indoor side surface 21.2 8.77 18.92 〇Gypsum board [interior material] 21.9 8.88 19.67 〇 polyethylene film [moisture-proof waterproof material] 21.9 35.22 19.67 X air layer [airtight] 22.9 35.24 20.92 X wood board [construction surface material] 24.5 35.95 23.10 X extrusion foaming polystyrene 3 kinds of heat 34.6 37.90 41.15 〇 Moisture-proof waterproof sheet 34.6 37.96 41.15 Moisture-permeable waterproof sheet [breathable layer] 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 板 [external material] 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 External gas side surface 35.0 37.96 42.18 〇 according to Table 2 It is understood that in Comparative Example 1, dew condensation was found in the portion of the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 57 on the outer side of the heat-dissipating material 55. Further, as shown in Table 3, in 162316.doc -14-201239168, in Comparative Example 2, the outer wall was broken by the work of β ^ m * ', and the obtained heat-dissipating structure of the child was used for the face material 65. The surface, the plurality of sputum, the sputum, the air layer surrounded by the body 64 and the position where the moisture-proof waterproof sheet 63 is placed are found to be dew condensation. That is, in Comparative Examples 1 and 2, so-called summer type condensation was generated. On the other hand, as shown in Table 1, in the residential wall heat-dissipating structure 1 of the above-described embodiment, no condensation was observed. Therefore, it can effectively suppress the summer (2) air conditioning load reduction confirmation test according to the method described in the following reference, the heat loss coefficient (Q value [W / mK]) ° Q value will be indoor and outdoor The heat loss at (4) when the temperature difference is rc is divided by the value obtained by the total use area. The smaller the q value, the less heat and loss from the building, and energy savings can be achieved. References: Residential Thermal Environment Plan (comfortable residential structure based on the energy-saving benchmark of Heisei) (issuance: Building Environmental Energy Conservation Agency) Chapter 8 Performance, Heating and Air Conditioning and Calculation for Equipment Design 82 Heat Loss Coefficient (Q value) 8.2.1~8.2.4 and 8.4 Heat loss coefficient _) Calculation example (refer to P118~P126 and P131~P139) Furthermore, the thermal conductivity of the heat-dissipating material is based on JIS Al412_2 (plate heat flow method) ) and measured. In the house of the work, the conditions under the construction ring of the calculation software group are used to solve the problem of the case where the window is opened and the case where the window is not opened in the above-described embodiments and comparative examples, (SMASH for Windows (registered trademark)) Ver_2 (Environmental and Energy Conservation Agency), which is used for the following residential models. 1623I6.doc •15- 201239168 Living mode. Explanation of the energy-saving standard of the house (Issuance: Building Environment, Printing Agency) Chapter 7 Appendix 74 Calculation Example 74" Calculation example of the heat loss factor in a wooden independent house Based on the model house described in the above-mentioned document, the structure is set to a steel frame system and calculation is performed. External weather conditions: Okinawa air-conditioning operation. Living room Intermittent operation of dining room, main bedroom, western room 1, western room 2

冷氣設定溫度·· 25eC 冷氣使用時間:21小時“24小時(平時) 排氣次數:窗戶密閉時0.5次/}1、窗戶開閉時3〇次^ 將利用以常熱地區之實測溫度資料為基礎而設定之冷氣 溫度或排氣次數設定之溫熱解析結果示於圖4。冷氣設定 溫度係設為25t (平時運行21小時〜24小時),關於室内排氣 次數’密閉時次數設為〇.5次/h,窗戶開閉時設為%次化。 "圖4表示窗戶開閉時之建築物斷熱性能與冷氣能源 消耗量之比較’圖5表示窗戶開閉時之建築物斷熱性能⑴ 值)與冷氣能源削減量之比較。 根據圖4及圖5之結果可明白:根據上述實施例之住宅用 壁面斷熱構造,可期待削減冷氣能源之1〇〜2〇%。尤其, 於Q值為2.5左右之情形時,節能效果最高。因此,可抑制 冷氣能源消耗量,而可削減冷氣費用及削減(:〇2之排出。 再者,冷氣能源消耗量[GJ(吉焦耳)/年]係指根據暖冷氣 負荷,考慮機器之效率及燃燒之放熱效率而求得之消耗能 源量。冷氣能源消耗量越小,節能量越少。 162316.doc 201239168 又,所謂暖冷氣負荷係指為了於某期間,使某建築物在 其建設地之氣象下保持於任意之室内條件而所需之暖冷氣 負荷。該數值越小,暖冷氣能源越少,因此成為節能。 冷氣能源削除量表示未實施斷熱措施之情形與實施斷熱 _ 措施之情形時之冷氣能源消耗量之差。 • 再者,Q值=2.5係相當於40 mm厚之酚樹脂發泡保溫板1 種2號之斷熱性能。 再者,可知如下情況:於如比較例1般之填充斷熱工法 中,Q值為3.5〜4.0,與此相對,於上述實施例中,當Q值 為2.5〜3.0左右時斷熱性能非常優異。 (3)實施例及比較例之評價之總結 再者,對於因白蟻引起之損害之評價,未具體進行,於 實施例之住宅用壁面斷熱構造1中,斷熱材4相較構造用面 材6位於内側,因此不易於斷熱材4中產生因白蟻引起之損 害。與此相對,於先前之住宅用壁面斷熱構造51中,斷熱 材5 5相較構造用面材5 6亦位於内側,因此不存在白蟻之侵入 之可能性。與此相對,於比較例2之先前之外牆斷熱工法 中,斷熱材66相較構造用面材60位於外側,因此,如上所 * 述,因白蟻之侵入而產生蛾道之形成、斷熱欠缺之產生等。 , 將上述實施例及比較例1、2之評價結果示於下述之表 4 〇 表4 (1)夏季型結露對策 (2)白蟻對策 (3)空調負荷降低性 實施例護牆板斷熱 未產生結露 〇 無侵入之可能性 〇 有降低性 〇 比較例1填充斷熱 產生結露 X 無侵入之可能性 〇 無降低性 X 比較例2外牆斷熱 產生結露 X 有侵入之可能性 X 有降低性 〇 162316.doc •17· 201239168 【圖式簡單說明】 圖1係本發明之 部切口剖面圖。 實施形態之住宅用壁面斷熱構造之局 圖2係用以說明為了 4 / 月為了進行比較而準備之利用先前之填 斷熱工法之住宅用辟 壁面斷熱構造之局部切口剖面圖。 圖3係為了進行比赖 , 堤订比較而準備之藉由先前之外牆斷熱工法 而形成之住宅用壁面斷埶 / 阿热構造之局部切口剖面圖。 圖4係表示住宅φ窗ό βΒ 開閉時之建築物斷熱性能與冷氣 能源湞耗量之比較之圖。 7札 圖5係表示住宅中窗戶 匈戶開閉時之建築物斷熱性能 能源削減量之比較之圖。 此兴冷氣 【主要元件符號說明】 1 住宅用壁面斷熱構 2 内飾材 3 防濕片材 4 斷熱材 5 構造軀體 6 構造用面材 7 防濕防水片材 8 外飾材 51 住宅用壁面斷熱構 52 内飾材 53 防濕防水片村 54 構造軀體 162316.doc 201239168 55 斷熱材 56 構造用面材 57 防濕防水片材 58 透氣層 59 外飾材 61 住宅用壁面斷熱構造 62 内飾材 63 防濕防水片材 64 構造軀體 65 構造用面材 66 斷熱材 67 防濕防水片材 68 透氣層 69 外飾材 162316.doc -19-Cooling air setting temperature·· 25eC Air-conditioning time: 21 hours “24 hours (normal time) Number of exhausts: 0.5 times when the window is closed/}1, 3 times when the window is opened and closed^ Based on the measured temperature data in the hot area The temperature analysis results of the set cold air temperature or exhaust gas number setting are shown in Fig. 4. The cold air set temperature is set to 25t (normal operation 21 hours to 24 hours), and the number of indoor exhaust times 'sealing time is set to 〇. 5 times / h, the window is set to % times when it is opened and closed. "Figure 4 shows the comparison between the building's thermal insulation performance and the air-conditioning energy consumption when the window is opened and closed." Figure 5 shows the building thermal insulation performance when the window is opened and closed (1) The comparison with the amount of cold air energy reduction. It can be understood from the results of FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 that the wall heat insulation structure for a house according to the above embodiment can be expected to reduce the energy consumption of the cold air energy by 1 to 2%. When it is about 2.5, the energy-saving effect is the highest. Therefore, it is possible to suppress the consumption of cold air energy, and it is possible to reduce the cost of air-conditioning and reduce it (: 〇2 discharge. Furthermore, the air-conditioning energy consumption [GJ (gigajoule) / year] Means The amount of energy consumed by the cooling and cooling load is considered in consideration of the efficiency of the machine and the heat release efficiency of the combustion. The smaller the consumption of cold air energy, the less energy savings. 162316.doc 201239168 In addition, the so-called warm air load refers to a certain period of time. The warm air-cooling load required to maintain a building in any indoor condition under the meteorological conditions of the building. The smaller the value, the less energy the warm air-conditioning energy is, so it becomes energy-saving. The amount of cold air energy removal indicates that no heat-breaking measures are implemented. The difference between the situation and the amount of cold air energy consumption when implementing the heat-breaking _ measures. • Furthermore, the Q value = 2.5 is equivalent to the thermal insulation performance of the No. 2 No. 2 phenol resin foam insulation board of 40 mm thick. In the case of the filling and heat breaking method as in Comparative Example 1, the Q value is 3.5 to 4.0, whereas in the above embodiment, the thermal insulation performance is excellent when the Q value is about 2.5 to 3.0. (3) Summary of Evaluation of Examples and Comparative Examples Further, the evaluation of damage caused by termites is not specifically performed. In the wall heat-dissipating structure 1 for a house of the embodiment, the heat-dissipating material 4 is used for comparison with the structure. 6-piece face material On the inside, it is not easy to cause damage due to termites in the heat-dissipating material 4. In contrast, in the conventional wall-wall heat-dissipating structure 51 of the house, the heat-dissipating material 55 is also located inside the structural surface material 56. Therefore, in the prior outer wall breaking thermal method of Comparative Example 2, the heat insulating material 66 is located outside the structural surface material 60, and therefore, as described above, The formation of moths and the occurrence of heat loss due to the intrusion of termites. The evaluation results of the above examples and comparative examples 1 and 2 are shown in Table 4 below. Table 4 (1) Summer type condensation countermeasures ( 2) Termite countermeasures (3) Air conditioning load reduction example Example: Wall panel heat is not dew condensation, there is no possibility of intrusion, and there is a possibility of reduction. Comparative example 1 Filling with heat and generating condensation X No possibility of intrusion No reduction X Comparative Example 2 Dew condensation caused by external wall heat dissipation X Possibility of intrusion X Reduced 〇 162316.doc •17· 201239168 [Simplified illustration of the drawings] Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the section of the present invention. Fig. 2 is a partial cutaway sectional view showing a wall-opening heat-dissipating structure for a house using a previous filling thermal method for comparison/preparation for 4/month. Fig. 3 is a partial cutaway sectional view of a wall breakage/a heat structure for a house formed by a prior external wall breaking thermal method prepared for comparison with a bank. Fig. 4 is a graph showing the comparison between the thermal insulation performance of a building and the amount of cold air energy consumption when the house φ window ό β Β is opened and closed. 7 札 Figure 5 shows the heat-breaking performance of buildings in the window of the house when the Hungarians open and close. Comparison of energy reductions. This air-conditioning [Description of main components] 1 Residential wall thermal insulation 2 Interior material 3 Wet-proof sheet 4 Heat-dissipating material 5 Structure body 6 Structural surface material 7 Water-proof waterproof sheet 8 Exterior material 51 Residential Wall heat insulation 52 Interior material 53 Moisture-proof waterproof sheet village 54 Structure body 162316.doc 201239168 55 Heat-dissipating material 56 Structural surface material 57 Moisture-proof waterproof sheet 58 Breathable layer 59 Exterior material 61 Residential wall heat-dissipation structure 62 Interior material 63 Moisture-proof waterproof sheet 64 Construction body 65 Construction surface material 66 Heat-dissipating material 67 Moisture-proof waterproof sheet 68 Breathable layer 69 Exterior material 162316.doc -19-

Claims (1)

201239168 七、申請專利範園: 1. -種住宅用壁面斷熱工法,其包含如下步驟·· 將構造用面材安裝於複數個構造躺體之屋外側之面; 將防濕防水片材配置於上述構造用面材之屋外側 側; 將外飾材固定於上述防濕防水片材之屋外側表面側; 、、述構le用面材對向之方式將斷熱材配 複數個構造躯體之屋内側之面;及 ^ 將内飾材固定於上述斷熱材之屋内側表面側。 I 之住宅用壁面斷熱工法,其中於將防濕片材 ,上述斷熱材之屋内側表面側後,安裝上 材0 1 3 =項1或2之住宅用壁面斷熱工法,其中上述防濕防 =材之依據JIS A69觀防濕性能為〇·_[#,Pa/ng] 4· 一種住宅用壁面斷熱構造,其包含: 複數個躺體; 面側; 構&用面材,其安裝於複數個躯體之屋外側表面侧; :濕防水片材,其配置於上述構造用面材之屋外側表 外側表 外飾材,其配置於上述防濕防水片材 側; =材’其以與上述構造軀體之屋内側之面接觸之方 ,且以與上述構造用面材隔開空間而對向之 162316.doc 201239168 配置;及 内飾材,其設置於上述斷熱材之屋内側表面側。 5·如請求項4之住宅用壁面斷熱構造,其進而包含設置於 上述斷熱材與上述内飾材之間之防濕片材。 6.如凊求項4或5之住宅用壁面斷熱構造,其中上述防濕防 水片特之防濕性能係依據JIS A6930之防濕性能為 〇.〇82|V.s.Pa/ng]以上。 162316.doc201239168 VII. Application for Patent Park: 1. - A method for wall thermal insulation of residential buildings, which includes the following steps: · Mounting the structural surface material on the outer side of a plurality of structural reclining houses; Configuring the moisture-proof waterproof sheet On the outer side of the roof of the structural surface material; the outer decorative material is fixed to the outer side surface of the moisture-proof waterproof sheet; and the structural heat is used to match the heat-dissipating material to the plurality of structural bodies. The inside of the house; and ^ The interior material is fixed to the inner side of the house of the above-mentioned heat insulation material. I. The wall heat-breaking method for residential use, wherein after the moisture-proof sheet and the inner side surface side of the above-mentioned heat-dissipating material, the wall heat-dissipation method for the residential wall 0 1 3 = item 1 or 2 is installed, wherein the above-mentioned prevention Wet defense = material based on JIS A69 view moisture resistance performance is 〇 · _ [#, Pa / ng] 4 · A residential wall heat insulation structure, which includes: a plurality of lying; face side; structure & The wet waterproof sheet is disposed on the outer side surface of the roof of the structural surface material, and is disposed on the side of the moisture-proof waterproof sheet; a material that is in contact with the surface of the inner side of the body of the above-described body, and is disposed opposite to the surface material for the structure, and is disposed at 162316.doc 201239168; and the interior material is disposed on the heat insulating material The inside surface side of the house. 5. The wall heat-insulating structure for a house according to claim 4, further comprising a moisture-proof sheet provided between the heat-insulating material and the interior material. 6. The wall heat-insulating structure for a house according to Item 4 or 5, wherein the moisture-proof property of the moisture-proof and water-repellent sheet is 防.〇82|V.s.Pa/ng or more according to JIS A6930. 162316.doc
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