RU2670140C1 - Constructor building block - Google Patents

Constructor building block Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2670140C1
RU2670140C1 RU2018103333A RU2018103333A RU2670140C1 RU 2670140 C1 RU2670140 C1 RU 2670140C1 RU 2018103333 A RU2018103333 A RU 2018103333A RU 2018103333 A RU2018103333 A RU 2018103333A RU 2670140 C1 RU2670140 C1 RU 2670140C1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
block
element
elements
made
side walls
Prior art date
Application number
RU2018103333A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Игорь Алексеевич Золотов
Юрий Викторович Антонов
Original Assignee
Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Шар"
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Priority to RU2018103333A priority Critical patent/RU2670140C1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU2670140C1 publication Critical patent/RU2670140C1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/04Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/04Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts
    • A63H33/06Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/04Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts
    • A63H33/06Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements
    • A63H33/08Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements provided with complementary holes, grooves, or protuberances, e.g. dovetails
    • A63H33/086Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements provided with complementary holes, grooves, or protuberances, e.g. dovetails with primary projections fitting by friction in complementary spaces between secondary projections, e.g. sidewalls

Abstract

FIELD: games.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to toy-constructors comprising assembly elements with connection facilities for demountable connection of assembly elements. Building block of the constructor is made in the form of a parallelepiped and contains at least four elements of an imaginary square and arranged in two rows, on one of the faces, a protrusion and at least one protrusion located on the opposite face along the axis of said square. Block consists of two separate hollow elements, the first comprising a face with the at least four protrusions, as well as side walls and a second element with said at least one protrusion, both elements of the block are arranged to be interconnected by tightly fitting the second element between the side walls of the first element, and one of said block elements comprises at least one restriction well for abutment in the respective support area of the other element, both elements of the block being made of a molded paper pulp.EFFECT: invention is aimed at expanding the field of application due to the possibility of reducing the weight of a constructor building block, ensuring the possibility of reducing the required volume for storing and transporting the constructor building blocks, reducing the material consumption and improving manufacturability.6 cl, 6 dwg

Description

The invention relates to toys-designers containing assembly elements with connecting means for collapsible connection of assembly elements.

The closest in technical essence - the prototype is a building block made in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped, containing the bottom and four side walls, at least four cylindrical protrusions extending outward from the bottom and arranged in two rows of opposite protrusions defining a square, tubular protrusion parallel to the side walls on the inner surface of the bottom, the longitudinal axis of the tubular protrusion passes through the center of the square, with the possibility of contact of these cylindrical protrusions of another block ka, with the specified tubular protrusion and at least one side wall when these peripheries are geometrically projected onto the bottom, whereby the cylindrical protrusions on one of these blocks can be inserted into clamping engagement with the tubular protrusion and the wall of the other of these blocks, the inner diameter of the tubular protrusion is equal to the diameter of said cylindrical protrusion. (See US 3005282 A).

The known solution can be used as a toy-constructor, which is a set of blocks - a kind of bricks from which various structures can be built, however, it has the following disadvantages.

The block is made by a single monolithic element and with small block sizes its weight is also small. However, with an increase in the size of the block, their reliable connection with each other will require a proportional increase in the thickness of the side walls and the thickness of the bottom, comparable with the diameters of the tubular and cylindrical protrusions. With a block size comparable, for example, with the size of the book, its mass, even if made of plastic, becomes unacceptable for the safe construction of complex structures. Such heavy blocks cannot be used as toys, especially children's toys as unsafe. For the same reason, the known solution is difficult, and in some cases impossible, to use when creating scenery, large art objects and other similar structures.

This drawback limits the scope of the known solution.

Another disadvantage is the excessively large volume required for storage and transportation of the designer, containing many blocks. In particular, this drawback is relevant for large blocks. This disadvantage entails inconvenience in storing and transporting multiple units.

The disadvantages also include high material consumption and the complexity of manufacturing monolithic blocks, reducing the manufacturability of their manufacture.

The technical result is to expand the scope due to the possibility of reducing the weight of the building block of the designer, providing the ability to reduce the required volume for storage and transportation of building blocks of the designer, reducing material consumption and increasing manufacturability.

This result is achieved in that the building block of the designer, made in the form of a parallelepiped and containing at least four, forming an imaginary square and arranged in two rows, on one of the faces, a protrusion and at least one protrusion located on the opposite side , along the axis of the specified square, wherein said block consists of two separate hollow elements, the first containing a face with the specified at least four protrusions, as well as side walls, and the second element with the specified, at least with at least one protrusion, both elements of the block are made to be interconnected by tightly fitting the second element between the side walls of the first element, and one of these elements of the block contains at least one restrictive well for abutment in the corresponding supporting platform of the other element, this, both elements of the block are made of molded paper pulp.

In addition, - the lateral four faces of the block are made flat;

- the dimensions of the protrusions on opposite faces of the block and their position relative to the side walls are made consistent, providing coaxial connection of adjacent blocks, as well as the connection of adjacent blocks with an offset relative to the center line;

- the shape of the restrictive well for abutment in the corresponding support pad and the shape of the support pad of another element are made consistent in shape for mutual fixation of positions in the assembled unit;

- the second element has a bend to the outside of the perimeter edge to abut against it the edges of the side walls of the first element in the assembled unit;

- the plane of the side profiles of the elements are made with an inclination relative to the center line.

The building block of the constructor is illustrated using the drawings, where in FIG. 1 shows a general view of a first element of a building block of a constructor; FIG. 2 is a general view of a second element of a building block of a constructor; FIG. 3 is a general view of the block elements from the lower side, in FIG. 4 is a schematic sectional view of an assembled building block of a constructor along a lateral plane passing through the center line of an imaginary square; FIG. 5 is an example of an object assembled from building blocks of a designer in the form of a house; FIG. 6 is an example of an object assembled from building blocks of a designer in the form of a rack of reserpine.

The following notation is made in the drawing:

1 - a protrusion made on the first element, 2 - a protrusion made on the second element, 3 - an imaginary square, 4 - an axial line of an imaginary square, 5 - a restrictive well, 6 - a reference platform, 7 - a bottom of a restrictive well, 8 - a tilt angle side walls, 9 - embossed protrusions of the second element, forming the inner surface of the side walls, 10 - bending the edges of the second element, 11 - stiffener.

The building block of the designer is made of molded paper pulp in the form of a hollow volumetric structure in the form of a parallelepiped with a rectangular base and consists of two elements. The first element of the block contains a face with at least four protrusions and side walls. These protrusions are external and are arranged in two rows, at the corners of an imaginary square. The second element contains the opposite face with at least one external protrusion placed on it, which is also external and oriented along the axis of the specified square. Both of these elements of the block are made with the possibility of their mutual connection, so that in the assembled block part of the second element is inside the space the first element is engaged with its side walls.

One of these elements contains at least one restrictive well, located, for example, along the axis of the specified imaginary square, but directed inside the block, i.e. towards another element and performing the function of supporting one element on another element. In this case, the other element is provided with an appropriate support platform for abutment in the specified restrictive well in the assembled unit. The supporting platform is made embossed, the relief profile of which is consistent with the profile of the bottom of the bounding well. The relief surface may be a square recess at the bottom of the bounding well and a corresponding square profile on the supporting platform of another element. In this case, two elements in the assembled block touch each other with their perimeters and the places of interaction of the restrictive wells with supporting platforms, which may be several. Such a junction of the two elements provides mutual fixation of the positions of the first and second elements in the assembled block eliminating the possibility of their relative displacement or rotation.

External protrusions on opposite faces of the block can be implemented in various sections: round, square, star-shaped and others, satisfying the requirement of a reliable connection of mating adjacent blocks when creating structures.

The side faces of the block, as well as the plane of the side surfaces of the protrusions and wells of the block are made with an inclination relative to the center line, which ensures ease of manufacture and, as a result, an increase in the manufacturability of the block.

The size of the protrusions of the block and the distance between these protrusions and the side walls are made with the possibility of ensuring the connection of adjacent blocks by installing the blocks on top of each other. In this case, the protrusions of the lower block are led into the recesses between the corresponding protrusions of the upper block for coaxial connection of the blocks, or between the protrusions and the inner side wall of the upper block when connected with an offset relative to the axis.

The inner side walls of the block are formed due to the relief of the second element, which also provides the function of stiffeners that increase the rigidity of the block structure.

Around the perimeter of the edge of the second element is bent outward to abut against it the edges of the side walls of the first element.

The height of the external elements corresponds to the depth of the recesses between the protrusion and the side walls of the second element, so that during assembly adjacent blocks abut against each other by their respective surfaces.

The number of protrusions of the first element may be more than 4, for example, 4, 6, 8, etc. In the case of 6 protrusions, an imaginary square, there are two, since only four protrusions arranged in two rows form it. In the case of 8 protrusions of imaginary squares with their corresponding axial lines, three becomes. The number of protrusions of the second element will be 1, 2, 3, etc., respectively.

The building block of the designer is used as follows. Storage and transportation of block elements is carried out separately. Moreover, due to the inclination of the side wall profiles, as well as the fact that the elements are hollow and the protrusion on one side corresponds to a recess on the back side of the corresponding element of the block, these elements can be coaxially inserted into one another during storage. Storage and transportation of block elements separately, in the nested state, saves space of about 75% compared to storing blocks in assembled form.

Two block elements made of molded paper pulp are connected so that the lower edge of the side walls of the upper element abuts against the bend of the edge of the second element, and the supporting platform abuts against the corresponding platform of the restriction well. The embossed implementation of the reference pad further stabilizes the position of the two block elements, providing structural rigidity.

In the assembled state, the block structure is sufficiently rigid, which is also ensured by the mutual spacing of the planes fixing the position of the side walls. The magnitude of the specified spacing determines the height of the restrictive well. The position of the side walls in the upper part determines the integrity of the first element, and the fixation of their position in the lower part determines the second element with its relief design.

The connection of the two elements of the block is ensured by the density of installation of the second element inside the side walls of the first element. In those cases where a more rigid connection is required, both elements of the block can be fastened by means of adhesive bonding around the perimeter and at the points of contact of the elements through the support pads. The glued block becomes non-separable.

The dimensions of the protrusions, as well as the dimensions of the recesses between them and the position of the protrusions relative to the side walls, provide an easy and reliable connection of adjacent blocks when creating arbitrary structures.

Blocks can be connected not only coaxially when the protrusions of one block are installed between the cylindrical protrusions of an adjacent block, but also with an offset, when some of the protrusions can be used to connect to one adjacent block, and part to connect to another block, which allows you to create a wide variety of designs.

Due to the hollow design of the block, its weight is not significantly dependent on the size of the block, which makes it possible to manufacture and use both small blocks and light large blocks.

The building blocks of the designer ensure safety in use even in the case of large blocks, the sizes of building bricks and above. High safety in use, in turn, allows you to use the building blocks of the designer, including, and as toys for children.

The building blocks of the designer can be used to create decorations, disposable art objects, large structures for mass gatherings and celebrations, etc., which provides a wide scope of the solution.

The composite design of the block also reduces material costs in the manufacture of blocks. In addition, the molding of paper pulp is easier from a technological point of view than casting large monolithic blocks, which improves the manufacturability of the manufacture of blocks.

The manufacturing process of building blocks of the constructor is also more environmentally friendly compared to casting monolithic blocks of plastic.

The building blocks of the designer can be made of molded paper obtained from waste paper by casting.

Thus, the building blocks of the designer, require less volume during their storage and transportation, reduce material consumption and increase manufacturability.

In addition, the building blocks of the designer are safe to use as children's toys even with large block sizes, and the manufacturing process of the building blocks of the designer provides high environmental safety.

Claims (6)

1. The building block of the designer, made in the form of a parallelepiped and containing at least four imaginary square generators and arranged in two rows, on one of the faces, a protrusion and at least one protrusion located on the opposite side, along the axis of the specified square, characterized in that the specified block consists of two separate hollow elements, the first containing a face with the specified at least four protrusions, as well as side walls, and the second element with the specified at least one protrusion, both ele nta block are made with the possibility of their mutual connection by tightly fitting the second element between the side walls of the first element, and one of these elements of the block contains at least one restrictive well for abutment in the corresponding supporting platform of the other element, while both elements of the block are made of molded paper masses.
2. The building block of the designer according to claim 1, characterized in that the lateral four faces of the block are made flat.
3. The building block of the designer according to claim 1, characterized in that the dimensions of the protrusions on opposite faces of the block and their position relative to the side walls are made consistent, providing coaxial connection of adjacent blocks, as well as connecting adjacent blocks with an offset relative to the center line.
4. The construction block of the designer according to claim 1, characterized in that the shape of the restrictive well for abutment in the corresponding support pad and the shape of the support pad of another element are made consistent in shape for mutual fixation of positions in the assembled unit.
5. The building block of the designer according to claim 1, characterized in that the second element has a bend outward of the perimeter edge to abut against it the edges of the side walls of the first element in the assembled block.
6. The building block of the designer according to claim 1, characterized in that the planes of the side profiles of the elements are made with an inclination relative to the center line.
RU2018103333A 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 Constructor building block RU2670140C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2018103333A RU2670140C1 (en) 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 Constructor building block

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2018103333A RU2670140C1 (en) 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 Constructor building block
PCT/RU2019/050005 WO2019151906A1 (en) 2018-01-30 2019-01-18 Building block for construction set

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RU2670140C1 true RU2670140C1 (en) 2018-10-18

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WO (1) WO2019151906A1 (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE504134A (en) *
GB191506610A (en) * 1915-05-03 1916-04-27 Marc Schopfer Building Blocks.
GB676469A (en) * 1950-02-24 1952-07-30 Die Casting Machine Tools Ltd Improvements in or relating to toy building blocks
US2703487A (en) * 1949-09-30 1955-03-08 Ossoinack Andrea Interlocking hollow building block
US3005282A (en) * 1958-01-28 1961-10-24 Interlego Ag Toy building brick
US3719003A (en) * 1971-05-10 1973-03-06 F Skjoldborg Toy building set
RU10106U1 (en) * 1998-11-05 1999-06-16 Сорокин Александр Анатольевич Plastic designer

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8756894B2 (en) * 2010-02-25 2014-06-24 Impossible Objects Llc Foldable construction blocks

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE504134A (en) *
GB191506610A (en) * 1915-05-03 1916-04-27 Marc Schopfer Building Blocks.
US2703487A (en) * 1949-09-30 1955-03-08 Ossoinack Andrea Interlocking hollow building block
GB676469A (en) * 1950-02-24 1952-07-30 Die Casting Machine Tools Ltd Improvements in or relating to toy building blocks
US3005282A (en) * 1958-01-28 1961-10-24 Interlego Ag Toy building brick
US3719003A (en) * 1971-05-10 1973-03-06 F Skjoldborg Toy building set
RU10106U1 (en) * 1998-11-05 1999-06-16 Сорокин Александр Анатольевич Plastic designer

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