RU2615754C2 - Method for finishing panel connection butts treatment - Google Patents

Method for finishing panel connection butts treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2615754C2
RU2615754C2 RU2012112123A RU2012112123A RU2615754C2 RU 2615754 C2 RU2615754 C2 RU 2615754C2 RU 2012112123 A RU2012112123 A RU 2012112123A RU 2012112123 A RU2012112123 A RU 2012112123A RU 2615754 C2 RU2615754 C2 RU 2615754C2
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
milling
panel
finishing panel
cutters
cutter
Prior art date
Application number
RU2012112123A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
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RU2012112123A (en
Inventor
Сергей Алексеевич Брусенский
Стелла Владимировна Рыбчинская
Original Assignee
Прокопенко Дмитрий Олегович
Рыбчинская Яна Станиславовна
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Прокопенко Дмитрий Олегович, Рыбчинская Яна Станиславовна filed Critical Прокопенко Дмитрий Олегович
Priority to RU2012112123A priority Critical patent/RU2615754C2/en
Publication of RU2012112123A publication Critical patent/RU2012112123A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU2615754C2 publication Critical patent/RU2615754C2/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C3/00Milling particular work; Special milling operations; Machines therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/022Flooring consisting of parquetry tiles on a non-rollable sub-layer of other material, e.g. board, concrete, cork

Abstract

FIELD: construction.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises sequential operations of milling the connecting butt profiles of the pretreated profiled panels surfaces. Milling the shaped connecting profiles is performed simultaneously with the aspiration operation, using at least two curved milling cutters which are disposed at different angles with respect to the panel plane. At least a portion of the cutters working surface is made of curved shape. The milling revolutions correlate with the panel movement speed providing the conditions for achieving a predetermined finishing profile processing, and meet the relationship V =k⋅n, where V is the the panel movement speed, n - the number of the cutter revolutions, k - the correction coefficient selected in the range from 0.01 to 0.005.
EFFECT: high degree of panel treatment cleanliness.
3 cl

Description

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to solutions related to the decoration of premises, and can be used in the manufacture of decoration panels, for example, for walls or floors.

Finishing panels are known from the prior art, in particular floor panels, the surface of which is assembled by means of a tongue-groove (crest-groove) connection located along the ends of each panel, which are mainly performed by milling. The formation of grooves and protrusions by the milling method is also widely known in the art.

A known method of milling grooves in thin walls of parts according to the copyright certificate SU 1340928, in accordance with which the groove in the wall of the part is machined with an end mill. Before cutting into the wall, the cutter is placed in the plane of the cross section of the groove at an angle to the plane of the groove base, the cutter is cut into the groove wall, moving it until the end touches the plane of the groove base. A groove is machined in the direction of its length while moving the cutter along a circular path and along its axis.

A known method of processing planar parts according to SU 1247189, where the processing of the plane, the contour surface conjugated with it, is carried out by the end mill with several working strokes.

However, the known methods relate to metal processing, which does not take into account the features of processing non-metallic surfaces.

A known method of processing parts according to the patent of the Russian Federation No. 2351441, in accordance with which the processing is carried out using end cylindrical or conical mills with a working part, at least part of the surface of which is made curved, and processing is performed by milling with a portion of a curved surface that satisfies the condition - the current angle deviations between the cutter axis and the tangent plane to the workpiece surface at the point of contact of the cutter and the workpiece surface are less than or equal to max the real deviation angle between the cutter axis and the tangent plane to the curved surface of the cutter.

Also, a floor covering, consisting of solid floor panels, and a method of manufacturing such floor panels are disclosed in patent No. 2200809.

The closest solution in the field of application is the method of manufacturing floor panels according to RF patent No. 2309230, where the tongue and / or groove is performed by a milling process with at least two consecutive milling cycles using milling cutters, which are located at different angles relative to the corresponding floor panel . For these two milling cycles, mills are used that are located outside the groove and / or tongue and have diameters G that are at least 5 times greater than the thickness F of the floor panels, and preferably even at least 20 times larger than the thickness F of the floor panels. At the same time, to execute profiles on all four ends of the panel, the panels are moved in two perpendicular directions, during one movement, profiles are performed on two extended edges, and during another movement, profiles are performed on small edges.

However, the known method, on the one hand, describes essentially the standard operations of milling grooves and protrusions, and on the other hand, does not disclose the influence of such features of the milling method, as the dimensions of the milling cutters, on the achievement of the main processing result — obtaining connecting surfaces of profiles with that degree purity of processing, which would ensure their smoothness, sufficient both for easy connection of the panels, and for creating conditions of limited play, which prevents the development of gaps between the assembled panels la

The technical result, taking into account the conditions of continuous conveyor production of panels, is achieved by including in the processing process the finishing figured profiling of the connecting ends of the panels and the aspiration operation - removing chips from the workpiece using a ventilation system, using figured mills, various curved contours. In this case, the milling speed should be correlated with the speed of movement of the panel during processing in such a way as to ensure conditions of a given purity of processing of the profiled connecting ends.

The specified technical result is achieved by the fact that in the method of processing the connecting ends of the finishing panel, which includes the final shaped profiling of the connecting ends by sequential milling using at least two milling cutters, which are placed at different angles relative to the plane of the panel being processed, pre-cleaning the connecting the ends of the finishing panel and at the same time as milling, perform an aspiration operation, while using curly cutters, at least part of the working surface of which is made curved, and milling is carried out from the condition of ensuring the ratio V = k⋅n, where V is the speed of movement of the finishing panel, n is the number of revolutions of the cutter, k is a correction factor selected in the range from 0.01 to 0.005.

In this case, preliminary cleaning is carried out with hard brushes installed at an angle of up to 90 ° to the surface of the finishing panel, and milling is carried out using four milling cutters, each of which has its own contour of the working surface.

The method is as follows. Before milling, the profiled connecting end face of the panel is treated on both sides with hard hair brushes installed at an angle of 0-90 ° to the surface of the panel for preliminary cleaning of the connecting ends of the panel (lamella), which ensures their more accurate and clean processing during the milling process. The processed panel (lamella), the ends of which are pre-treated with hard brushes, is fed into the double-sided processing unit face down, which is the base and from which the dimensions of the lock profiles are measured. Next, profile milling of the connecting ends is carried out. Two cutters are sufficient to obtain a lock profile, but to obtain the best result, it is preferable to use four cutters, each of which has its own contour and a curved working surface, depending on the purpose. The first mill is installed at an angle of 30 ° to the surface of the panel being machined and is intended for primary processing to obtain a profile in the required tolerances, the second mill is installed at a minimum angle to the surface of the panel being machined and is designed to obtain the primary shape of the lock, both the groove and the crest, the third the milling cutter is also installed at a minimum angle to the surface of the workpiece and is designed for finishing the edge-joint in order to obtain an exact size, the fourth milling cutter on the left is installed at an angle 50 ° to the workpiece, and the cutter on the right is installed at an angle of 30 ° to the surface of the workpiece, and these cutters are designed to obtain the final shape of the lock.

A nozzle is mounted on each machined milling cutter to remove chips from the workpiece using a special ventilation system (suction), which is necessary to obtain the finished product of the proper quality and functional operation of the milling cutters, otherwise the operation of profiling machines is impossible, because undeleted chips during continuous profiling will create resistance to milling, which will lead to overheating of the cutters and their breakage. The feed speed of the parts is regulated by the rotation speed of the variator of the feed roller engine. After milling, a hydrophobic substance (liquid, emulsion) is applied to the connecting ends of the panel under pressure to impart water-repellent properties to the panel.

Claims (3)

1. The method of processing the connecting ends of the finishing panel, including the final figured profiling of the connecting ends by sequential milling using at least two mills, which are located at different angles relative to the plane of the processed panel, characterized in that before milling carry out a preliminary cleaning of the connecting ends of the finishing panel and at the same time as milling, an aspiration operation is performed, while curly cutters are used, at least for st working surface which is curved, and lead from the milling conditions provide a ratio V = k⋅n, where V - velocity of the finishing panel, n - number of revolutions of the cutter, k -popravochny coefficient selected in the range of from 0.01 to 0.005.
2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the preliminary cleaning is carried out with hard brushes installed at an angle of up to 90 ° to the surface of the finishing panel.
3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the milling is carried out using four mills, each of which has its own contour of the working surface.
RU2012112123A 2012-03-29 2012-03-29 Method for finishing panel connection butts treatment RU2615754C2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2012112123A RU2615754C2 (en) 2012-03-29 2012-03-29 Method for finishing panel connection butts treatment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2012112123A RU2615754C2 (en) 2012-03-29 2012-03-29 Method for finishing panel connection butts treatment

Publications (2)

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RU2012112123A RU2012112123A (en) 2013-10-10
RU2615754C2 true RU2615754C2 (en) 2017-04-11

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU857393A1 (en) * 1979-11-21 1981-08-23 Научно-Исследовательский Институт Строительной Физики Госстроя Ссср Multilayer floor shield
RU2265703C1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2005-12-10 Акцента Панееле+Профиле Гмбх Panel and panel mounting system
RU2309230C1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-10-27 Инилин Бехер Б.В. Floor covering
RU2358850C2 (en) * 2003-10-24 2009-06-20 Дюфье Индюстри Method and device to process panels
WO2010081532A1 (en) * 2009-01-16 2010-07-22 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel, in particular floor panel

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU857393A1 (en) * 1979-11-21 1981-08-23 Научно-Исследовательский Институт Строительной Физики Госстроя Ссср Multilayer floor shield
RU2309230C1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-10-27 Инилин Бехер Б.В. Floor covering
RU2382857C1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2010-02-27 Инилин Бехер Б.В. Flooring
RU2265703C1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2005-12-10 Акцента Панееле+Профиле Гмбх Panel and panel mounting system
RU2358850C2 (en) * 2003-10-24 2009-06-20 Дюфье Индюстри Method and device to process panels
WO2010081532A1 (en) * 2009-01-16 2010-07-22 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel, in particular floor panel

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
RU2012112123A (en) 2013-10-10

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Effective date: 20150330

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Effective date: 20151124

HZ9A Changing address for correspondence with an applicant
MM4A The patent is invalid due to non-payment of fees

Effective date: 20180330