RU2546750C1 - Traction-engine route controller - Google Patents

Traction-engine route controller Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2546750C1
RU2546750C1 RU2013154684/11A RU2013154684A RU2546750C1 RU 2546750 C1 RU2546750 C1 RU 2546750C1 RU 2013154684/11 A RU2013154684/11 A RU 2013154684/11A RU 2013154684 A RU2013154684 A RU 2013154684A RU 2546750 C1 RU2546750 C1 RU 2546750C1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
module
connected
output
route
unit
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RU2013154684/11A
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Russian (ru)
Inventor
Владимир Владимирович Батраев
Владимир Владимирович Висков
Сергей Юрьевич Гришаев
Александр Владимирович Гурьянов
Александр Сергеевич Коровин
Владимир Сергеевич Миронов
Виктор Викторович Раков
Ефим Наумович Розенберг
Елена Евгеньевна Шухина
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Открытое акционерное общество "Научно-исследовательский и проектно-конструкторский институт информатизации, автоматизации и связи на железнодорожном транспорте" (ОАО "НИИАС")
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Priority to RU2013154684/11A priority Critical patent/RU2546750C1/en
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Abstract

FIELD: transport.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises navigation unit whereto data display module and memory module with the route electronic card written therein connected thereto, and transceiver unit connected via communication channel with transceiver unit of dispatcher automated workstation. Additionally, this device comprises current coordinate readout module, route coordinate readout module, module of comparison of current coordinates with preset coordinates, data message generation module, timer and engine locking signal generator. In traction-engine motion on rails, navigation defines the traction-engine current coordinates. This data is fed via current coordinates readout module to comparison module input. Second input of comparison module receives via readout module the data on preset route coordinates to be compared with current coordinates. If current coordinates correspond to preset coordinates no signal exists at comparison module output. This unit does not generate messages while timer stays at initial state and traction-engine goes on running along preset route.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of control over traction-engine route.
2 dwg

Description

The invention relates to railway transport and can be used in a device for determining the location of small vehicles, such as locomobiles, on railway tracks of stations and sections.

A known system for monitoring the location of cars, containing space communications and positioning means, via a communication channel connected to a receiver located on the locomotive connected to the input of the on-board equipment unit, output connected through the adjustment unit to the first input of the transmitter located on the locomotive, the train car identification block, located on the locomotive of the train, the output of which through the recorder is connected to the corresponding input of the on-board equipment unit and the second input of the unit correctly It includes a guard controller, the input of which through a radio channel is connected to one of the outputs of the transmitter located on the locomotive, and the output is connected to the first input of the processor of the workstation (AWP) of the train dispatcher, connected to the information storage unit and the monitor, and the transceiver installed in the linear point of the diagnostic monitoring of cars, while the processing unit of the diagnostic information of the linear point is connected to the transceiver, the input of which is connected via a radio communication channel with a second output of the transmitter connected to the second output of the train identification unit, and an output via a radio channel with the input of the information block of the train dispatcher AWP connected to the second processor input, the linear diagnostic control station being able to generate information about the state of the cars trains in the form of diagnostic protocols for each car with an indication of its identification number (RU 87403, B61L 27/04, 2009).

A disadvantage of the known device is its complex design at the control point and on rolling stock, which determines the possibility of its use only on the locomotive.

The closest technical solution, which was adopted as a prototype, is a radio channel data exchange device between a train locomotive and a stationary station, containing a stationary set consisting of a radio modem, a block of controlled and controlled objects connected to a stationary data processor, and a locomotive set consisting of a radio modem, an integrated locomotive safety device, with a sensor unit connected to it, are connected in series to a stationary set satellite navigation unit, stationary control and interface unit, registration signal receiver, train number memory unit, time slot number determination unit, the output of which is connected to the second input of the stationary control and interface unit, the first and second inputs / outputs of which are connected to the outputs / inputs, respectively a stationary data processor and a radio modem, and a block for storing numbers of temporary slots and a series-connected satellite navigation unit, a shaper the registration and the locomotive control and interface unit, the first and second inputs / outputs of which are connected to the outputs / inputs of the radio modem and the integrated locomotive safety device, the additional output of which is connected to the second input of the locomotive control and interface unit through the storage unit for temporary slot numbers, is the third input which is connected to the second output of the satellite navigation unit (RU 2476342, B61L 27/04, 2006).

In the known technical solution, the satellite navigation unit, when the locomotive is moving, compares the current geographical coordinates of the location of the train locomotive with the predefined geographical coordinates of the registration point and, if they coincide, transmits a start signal to the input of the registration signal generator, from the output of which, through the locomotive control and interface unit and the radio modem the signal enters the radio channel and then enters the receiver of the registration signal of the stationary point. A well-known technical solution allows you to monitor compliance with the route at the registration points with predefined geographical coordinates. This technical solution does not provide continuous monitoring along the entire route of movement, and also does not record deviations from the route when, for example, a locomobile leaves the railroad track, in which the engine must be locked if it violates the route for a certain time, at which it is no longer possible in accordance with the schedule of movement return to a given route.

The technical result consists in providing continuous monitoring of compliance with the driving route and expanding functionality due to the formation of a signal blocking the engine of the vehicle in case of violation of the route for a given time.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that in the device for monitoring compliance with a locomobile containing a navigation unit, to which an information display module and a memory module are connected, with an electronic route map recorded in it, and a transceiver unit connected via a communication channel to the transceiver unit the workstation of the dispatcher, according to the invention, a module for reading the current coordinate, a module for reading the coordinates of the route, a module for comparing the current coordinates with the given ones, a forming unit information messages, the timer and the driver of the engine blocking signal, while the inputs of the comparison module are connected respectively to the current coordinate reading module connected to the output of the navigation unit, and to the route coordinate reading module connected to the output of the memory module, the output of the comparison module is connected to the inputs of the block the formation of information messages and a timer, the first output of which is connected to the control input of the information messages generation unit, and its second output is connected to the first the input of the driver of the engine blocking signal, the second input of which is connected to the output of the receiver of the transceiver unit, the input of the transmitter of which is connected to the output of the information message generation unit, the second output of which is connected to the additional input of the information display module.

The essence of the claimed device is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows a structural diagram and figure 2 - algorithm of the device.

The device for monitoring compliance with the locomobile contains a navigation unit 1, to which an information display module 2 and a memory module 3 are connected, with an electronic route map recorded therein, and a transmitting and transmitting unit 4 connected via a communication channel to the transmitting and receiving unit of the dispatcher’s workstation .

A module 5 for reading the current coordinate, a module 6 for reading the coordinates of the route, a module 7 for comparing the current coordinates with the given ones, a unit 8 for generating information messages, a timer 9 and an engine blocking signal generator 10 are introduced. The inputs of the comparison module 7 are connected respectively to the current coordinate reading module 5 connected to the output of the navigation unit 1, and to the route coordinate reading module 6 connected to the output of the memory module 3.

The output of the comparison module 7 is connected to the inputs of the information message generating unit 8 and the timer 9, the first output of which is connected to the control input of the information message generating unit 8, and its second output is connected to the first input of the motor blocking signal generator 10, the second input of which is connected to the output of the receiver the transceiver unit 4, the input of the transmitter of which is connected to the output of the information message generation unit 8, the second output of which is connected to the additional input of the info display module 2 rmacii.

The device for monitoring compliance with the locomobile operates as follows.

During the movement of the locomotive along the railway track, the navigation unit 1 determines the current coordinates of the locomotive. This information is received through module 5 for reading the current coordinates to the input of module 7 for comparison, to the second input from module 3 of the memory in which the electronic map with the given route is recorded, information about the coordinates of the given route with which module 7 occurs is read through module 6 comparing current coordinates. When the current coordinates match the output of the comparison module 7, there is no signal, block 8 does not generate messages, and the timer 9 is in the initial state and the locomobile continues to move along the given route.

If the locomotive deviates from the specified route (movement not along the railway track), the values of the current coordinates will differ from the coordinates of the established route and the output of the comparison module 7 will receive a signal that starts the timer and includes an information message generating unit 8, which generates a message about deviation from the given route . Block 8 reproduces this message, reminding the driver of the locomotive of the need to move along a given route. From the output of block 8, this information is fed to the input of the transmitter of the transceiver block 4, which transmits this information to the dispatcher at his automated workstation via a communication channel. From the second output, the generated message and converted to a convenient for display type is fed to the additional input of the information display module 2, on the screen of which it is displayed as a text message, for example, with a change in the brightness or color of the displayed information to attract attention.

If the time during which the locomobile was moving outside the specified route exceeds the set value, a signal will appear at the second output of timer 9, which starts the driver 10 of the lock signal of the engine of the locomotive. Locking the locomobile engine when it deviates from the given route for a long time is necessary in order to exclude the possibility of the locomobile returning to the railway track for further movement along the established route outside the established traffic schedule, since a time delay can lead to emergency situations. At the same time, from the first output of timer 9, the signal enters the control input of information message generation unit 8, which generates and reproduces a message about the impossibility of returning the locomobile to the railway track for further movement along the established route. From the output of block 8, this information is fed to the input of the transmitter of the transceiver block 4, which transmits this information to the dispatcher at his automated workstation via a communication channel. If necessary, the dispatcher can transmit an additional (duplicate) command to block the engine through the communication channel. This command is input to the receiver of the transceiver unit 4, from the output of which the signal is transmitted to the second input of the driver 10 of the lock signal of the engine of the locomotive. Also, at the direction of the dispatcher, a command to unlock the engine can be sent to move the locomotive along a different route.

Thus, information about the location of the locomobile is additionally controlled, which is essential if the dispatcher makes an operational decision to control the movement of the locomotive at the station and on the stage.

The effectiveness of the device for monitoring compliance with a locomobile lies in the reliable control of movement along the route and in blocking the engine of the vehicle when traveling abroad the route for a time exceeding the set value.

Claims (1)

  1. A device for monitoring compliance with a locomobile containing a navigation unit, to which an information display module and a memory module are connected, with an electronic route map recorded in it, and a transceiver unit connected via a communication channel to a transceiver unit of a dispatcher workstation, characterized in that it includes a module for reading the current coordinate, a module for reading the coordinates of the route, a module for comparing the current coordinates with the given ones, a block for generating information messages, tay ep and the driver of the engine blocking signal, while the inputs of the comparison module are connected respectively to the current coordinate reading module connected to the output of the navigation unit, and to the route coordinate reading module connected to the output of the memory module, the output of the comparison module is connected to the inputs of the information message generating unit and timer, the first output of which is connected to the control input of the information message generation unit, and its second output is connected to the first input of the signal conditioner blocks ovki motor, a second input coupled to an output of the receiver of a transceiver unit, the input of the transmitter is connected to the output unit for generating data messages, the second output is connected to an additional input information display module.
RU2013154684/11A 2013-12-10 2013-12-10 Traction-engine route controller RU2546750C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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RU2013154684/11A RU2546750C1 (en) 2013-12-10 2013-12-10 Traction-engine route controller

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5532690A (en) * 1995-04-04 1996-07-02 Itt Corporation Apparatus and method for monitoring and bounding the path of a ground vehicle
RU2194308C1 (en) * 2001-06-28 2002-12-10 Закрытое акционерное общество Научно-внедренческое предприятие "Протек" Device for controlling car route
WO2003044632A2 (en) * 2001-11-19 2003-05-30 Volvo Trucks North America Inc. Route control system

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5532690A (en) * 1995-04-04 1996-07-02 Itt Corporation Apparatus and method for monitoring and bounding the path of a ground vehicle
RU2194308C1 (en) * 2001-06-28 2002-12-10 Закрытое акционерное общество Научно-внедренческое предприятие "Протек" Device for controlling car route
WO2003044632A2 (en) * 2001-11-19 2003-05-30 Volvo Trucks North America Inc. Route control system

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