RU2480648C1 - Conversion method of back-and-forth movement of stock to rotational movement of shaft, converter for its implementation (versions), and engine using such converter - Google Patents

Conversion method of back-and-forth movement of stock to rotational movement of shaft, converter for its implementation (versions), and engine using such converter Download PDF

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RU2480648C1
RU2480648C1 RU2011137395/06A RU2011137395A RU2480648C1 RU 2480648 C1 RU2480648 C1 RU 2480648C1 RU 2011137395/06 A RU2011137395/06 A RU 2011137395/06A RU 2011137395 A RU2011137395 A RU 2011137395A RU 2480648 C1 RU2480648 C1 RU 2480648C1
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cylinder
rod
surface
stock
oval
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RU2011137395/06A
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RU2011137395A (en
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Григорий Никитович Авраменко
Александр Григорьевич Авраменко
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Григорий Никитович Авраменко
Александр Григорьевич Авраменко
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Abstract

FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: conversion method of back-and-forth movement of stock to rotational movement of a shaft consists in the fact that stock (2) acts during the working stroke on two surfaces formed in one cylinder (1), as a result of which cylinder (1) receives rotation, and return of stock (2) to initial position is provided due to kinetic energy accumulated in a kinetic energy accumulator. Two surfaces are made in one cylinder (1) in the form of equal closed oval surfaces (A) and (B), which are parallel to each other and located at equal angle to axis of stock (2) and forming a through slot dividing the cylinder into two equal parts. Cylinder (1) is placed into cylindrical housing (6) of larger diameter, which is coaxial to it, so that external surface of internal cylinder (1) adjoins the internal surface of external cylindrical housing (6). Cylindrical housing (6) is installed in bearings (8) with possibility of rotation and rigidly attached to internal cylinder (1) by means of pins (7). As a kinetic energy accumulator, flywheel (9) rigidly fixed on cylindrical housing (6) is used. Stock (2) acts on the surfaces through pin (3) rigidly fixed on it, which slides on oval surface (A) of cylinder (1) slot during the working stroke and turns cylinder (1) relative to stock (2) so that when pin (3) reaches lower point (C) in oval surface (A), it makes cylinder (1) turn relative to stock (3) through 180°; after that, pin (3) moves to oval surface (B) of cylinder (1) slot. When stock (2) moves in reverse direction, it slides on surface (B) till it reaches upper point (D) on oval surface (B), thus making cylinder (1) turn relative to the stock through 360°; after that, stock (2) moves to oval surface (A) and the cycle is repeated. Versions of design of converters of the stock back-and-forth movement to the shaft rotational movement and the internal combustion engine using the above converters are described.
EFFECT: simpler manufacturing technology.
4 cl, 4 dwg

Description

The invention relates to the field of mechanical engineering, namely to power units, which are based on a piston internal combustion engine, and can be used in engine building.

Known technical means described in the patent of the Russian Federation No. 2299341 class. F02B 75/32, F01B 3/04, F01B 9/06, c. 09/07/2004, op. 05/20/2007.

A known method of converting the reciprocating movement of the rod into rotational movement of the shaft consists in exposing the rod to a curved surface, moreover, two curved surfaces are formed, forming them on cylinders of different diameters, each of them is connected with its bevel gear, at least two satellites are placed between bevel gears, which are mounted on the housing, during the stroke the stem acts on curved surfaces, as a result of which cylinders with curved surfaces receive synchronous rotation tion towards each other, returns the rod to its original position is provided by the kinetic energy stored cylinders with curved surfaces, thus providing damping of the torque rod and an off rods from the curves surfaces in the uselessness. In this case, the end of the rod can be connected with two rotating rollers, which are supported by curved surfaces, and uniformity of support of the rollers on the surface is achieved by turning the case with the satellites around the axis. Also, the rod can act on curved surfaces through a cone rotating relative to the axis of the rod, while the cone is evenly supported on the surface by rotating the housing with the satellites around the axis. In this case, the cone can be made stepwise, and the side surface of the step is supported on the inner surface of the outer cylinder, thereby damping the bending moment of the rod. In addition, the stem torque can be suppressed by installing a limiter on the housing or by making the stem non-circular.

The known internal combustion engine incorporates a housing with at least one cylinder with valves, inside of which the piston with the rod makes a reciprocating movement, the conversion of which into rotational movement of the shaft is provided by the action of the rod on the curved surface, and for the conversion of the reciprocating movement in the rotary piston rod acts on two curved surfaces made in the form of sinusoids, which are formed at the ends of two cylinders of different diameters, while the engine is provided with means for damping the rod torque and for disconnecting the piston rods from curved surfaces when unnecessary, a planetary gear carrier is connected to one of the sinusoids, its satellites are connected to the crown and sun gears, the sun gear, in turn, is connected to the anchor or rotor of a universal electric machine mounted on the engine body in its main axis, while the rotation of the cylinders with curved surfaces can be carried out from the reciprocating movement of the pistons during combustion fuel, with all pistons turned off - only from electricity and, combined, from the operation of pistons and electricity.

In this case, the piston rod can act on curved surfaces made in the form of sinusoids by means of a cone mating with them, mounted on the end of the rod rotatably in its axis and made stepwise, and the side surface of the stage mates with the inner surface of the outer cylinder, at the end of which is made curved surface in the form of a sinusoid. In addition, the piston rod can act on curved surfaces made in the form of sinusoids by means of rotating rollers mounted on it, and the sinusoids of the curved surfaces can be connected each to its bevel gear, and at least two satellites are installed on the housing between the gears. At the same time, along with cylinders on which curved surfaces are made, primary shafts can rotate kinematically rigidly connected to the secondary shaft, and cylinders with curved surfaces are supported by bearings. In addition, cylinders with pistons can also be installed at the bottom of the engine, while cylinders with curved surfaces are connected to three bevel gears: the inner cylinders are connected to the extreme gears, and the outer ones to the inner gear, which has teeth on both sides, not installed between the bevel gears less than four satellites. A hollow shaft can be connected to the upper gear, on which at least one gear is rigidly mounted, connected to a parasitic gear mounted on the cylinder body, the parasitic gear, in turn, is connected to the gear wheel of the secondary shaft, more than one parasitic can be mounted symmetrically gears, while parasitic gears are connected to the internal gear. The electric machine during the stroke of the pistons can be entered into the generator mode and charges the capacitor or battery, or the electric machine during the compression of the mixture over the pistons can be entered into the electric motor mode with its power from the capacitor or battery. At least two cylinders with pistons and rods can be installed on the housing, individual shirts are installed on the cylinders to cool them, and each cylinder has purge windows made above the bottom dead center of the piston stroke with the possibility of forced purging of the cylinder with air. In this case, the engine can be made four-stroke, and one cylinder can be installed on the housing located in the main axis of the engine, while the piston rod is connected to the beam, on which cones or rollers are mounted, conjugated diametrically with sinusoids. A disadvantage of the known engine is the design complexity.

The closest in technical essence to the claimed is a four-stroke piston engine with a drive disc cam, described in German patent No. 2500608 for class. F01B 9/06, c. 01/09/75, op. 07/15/76. and selected as a prototype. The known engine comprises a housing with at least one cylinder, in which there is a reciprocating-to-rotational transducer in the form of a piston with a rod reciprocating, converted into rotational action of the rod on two curved concentric surfaces formed in the cylinder, having the form of closed sinusoidal surfaces of different diameters and forming a cam disk, mounted on a drive shaft mounted in the housing using a drive sleeve. To influence the rod on curved surfaces in the cylinder, three rollers in bearings are mounted on the rod, connected by a common horizontal axis - two extreme for moving along concentric sinusoidal surfaces, and the middle for lateral support. The known converter of the reciprocating movement of the rod into a rotational movement of the shaft includes a cylinder with a rod, performing a reciprocating movement of the rod with the action of an element fixed on it on two closed curved surfaces formed in the engine cylinder. In this case, the closed surface curves are concentric, they are parallel curves of the form of sinusoids of different diameters and are made in the form of a cam disk, rigidly mounted on the drive shaft installed in the drive sleeve located in the center of the cylindrical engine casing. To influence the stem on curved surfaces, three rollers in ball bearings are mounted on the cylinder rod, connected by a common horizontal axis, the two extreme ones moving along curved surfaces, and the middle one is located along the axis of the piston rod.

A known method of converting the reciprocating motion of the rod into rotational motion of the shaft is that during the stroke, they act on two curved surfaces formed on the rod and connected by a common horizontal axis by three rollers formed in the cylinder of the engine in the form of two closed concentric parallel curves sinusoid, as a result of which the cylinder receives rotation, and the rod returns to its original position due to the kinetic energy accumulated in the accumulate barely kinetic energy. A disadvantage of the known engine is the following. The process of transferring the action of the piston to the rotation shaft occurs through the surface of a cylinder having an end face cut off along a curve in the form of a sinusoid along the circumference there are two points with a minimum distance from the base of the cylinder and two points with a maximum distance. The working action occurs only when the pushing device, the piston, moves from the upper point of the sinusoid to the lower, i.e. 90 ° from the rotation of the shaft, and the remaining 270 ° are due to the accumulated energy, which reduces the efficiency of the engine and reduces the efficiency. The impact of movement in the prototype is transmitted along two sinusoids along which the rollers move, due to the fact that the length of the external sinusoid is greater than the length of the internal sinusoid, they must be performed using complex equipment, i.e. the device is difficult to manufacture.

The objective of the claimed technical solutions is to increase efficiency while simplifying manufacturing technology.

The problem is solved in that in the method of converting the reciprocating movement of the rod into rotational motion of the shaft, which consists in the fact that the rod during the stroke moves on two surfaces formed in one cylinder in the form of closed parallel surfaces, as a result of which the cylinder receives rotation and the return of the rod to its original position is provided due to the kinetic energy accumulated in the kinetic energy storage device, ACCORDING TO THE INVENTION, these two surfaces are executed in the cylinder in the form e closed parallel to each other equal oval surfaces A and B, located at the same angle to the axis of the rod and forming a through groove dividing the cylinder into two parts, the cylinder is placed in a coaxial cylindrical body of a larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylindrical housing, which is mounted in bearings with the possibility of rotation, and is rigidly connected to the inner cylinder using studs, and as a drive, the kin They use a flywheel rigidly fixed on a cylindrical body, the rod acts on the surface through a finger rigidly fixed on it, which during the working stroke slides along the oval surface of the groove A of the cylinder and rotates the cylinder relative to the rod so that when the finger reaches the bottom point C in the oval And it makes the cylinder rotate 180 ° relative to the rod, after which the finger passes to the oval surface of the groove B of the cylinder and slides along the surface B when the rod moves in the opposite direction on reaching the upper point on the oval D B, eventually causing the cylinder to rotate relative to the rod at 360 °, and then proceeds to oval surface A and the cycle repeats itself;

- in the first embodiment, in the converter of the reciprocating movement of the rod into a rotational movement of the shaft, which includes a cylinder with a rod, making a reciprocating movement of the rod with the action of an element fixed on it on two closed surfaces formed in the cylinder, ACCORDING TO THE INVENTION, for the action of the rod a finger mounted in a ball bearing is rigidly fixed to these surfaces on it, the surfaces are made inside the cylinder in the form of two oval slots, the planes of which are parallel, are located at an angle to the axis of the rod and divided into two parts, the body of the cylinder, which is placed coaxially in a cylindrical body of a larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylindrical body, while they are rigidly interconnected with studs and installed in bearings with the possibility of their simultaneous rotation, and on the outer cylindrical housing on one side the flywheel is rigidly fixed;

- in the second embodiment, in the converter of the reciprocating movement of the rod into a rotational movement of the shaft, which includes a cylinder with a rod, making a reciprocating movement of the rod with its action on the surfaces formed on the cylinder, ACCORDING TO THE INVENTION, for the rod to act on these surfaces on it four fingers are rigidly fixed, the curved surfaces are formed inside the cylinder and are made in the form of four oval cuts, the planes of each two of which are parallel to each other, while two cuts are located laid at an angle to the axis of the rod closer to one end of the cylinder; and the other two - mirror them at an angle to the axis of the rod closer to the opposite end of the cylinder and divide the cylinder body into several parts, while the cylinder is placed coaxially in a cylindrical body of a larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylindrical, this they are rigidly interconnected with studs and mounted in bearings with the possibility of their simultaneous rotation, and on the outer cylindrical housing on one side is rigidly fixed m Ahovik;

- in an internal combustion engine having a housing with at least one cylinder in which there is a reciprocating-to-rotational transducer in the form of a rod with an element fixed thereto, making a reciprocating motion, which is converted into rotational by being fixed to the rod of the element into two closed parallel to each other surfaces formed in the cylinder, while the engine is equipped with a means for damping the torque of the rod, characterized in that Engine sensor body with each of two opposite sides of the installed assembly of two cylinders with pistons which are rigidly connected to the drive rod through the intermediate rods precluding cranking inverter rod.

Moreover, in the internal combustion engine, a converter made in accordance with the first or second embodiment may be used as a converter of reciprocating motion to rotational.

Transmission of the action of the piston to the shaft through two (or eight in the second embodiment of the transducer) flat surfaces located at an angle to the movement of the piston rod in conjunction with the action of the piston during the 180 ° rotation of the shaft increases the conversion efficiency (rotation of the shaft from 180 ° to 360 ° is due to the energy stored in the flywheel). Installing a finger on the rod in the bearing reduces friction, which also increases conversion efficiency.

The execution in the transducer of two (or eight - in the second embodiment of the transducer) surfaces in the form of flat, equal oval surfaces obtained by cutting the cylindrical body of the piston at an angle to the horizontal axis in conjunction with the fastening of the latter in a cylindrical outer case attached to it with studs, greatly simplifies the technology manufacturing and provides the impact of the piston rod on these surfaces during 360 ° rotation of the shaft, i.e. improves conversion efficiency. The implementation of the element of the impact of the rod on these surfaces in the form of a finger installed in the cage of the bearings, allows to reduce the friction of the pair "finger - surface of contact with the cylinder", which also increases the conversion efficiency.

Placing the cylindrical body of the piston in the cylindrical body close to its inner surface when connecting them with studs and having a flywheel on the cylindrical body allows the reciprocating movement of the piston rod to rotate the shaft.

EFFECT: simplification of manufacturing technology and increase of conversion efficiency.

In comparison with the prototype, the claimed technical solutions have novelty, differing from it:

- in the method, by the presence of such significant distinguishing features as the execution of two surfaces in the cylinder in the form of closed parallel equal to each other oval surfaces A and B located at the same angle to the axis of the rod and forming a through groove dividing the cylinder into two equal parts, placing the cylinder in a coaxial cylindrical body of a larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylindrical body, which is installed in bearings rotatably and rigidly connected to the inner cylinder with the help of pins, using kinetic energy as a drive of kinetic energy of a flywheel rigidly fixed on a cylindrical body, the impact of the rod on these surfaces through a finger rigidly fixed on it, which slides along the oval surface of groove A during a working stroke cylinder and rotates the cylinder relative to the rod in such a way that when the finger reaches the bottom point C in oval A, it causes the cylinder to rotate 180 ° relative to the rod , after which the finger passes to the oval surface of the groove B of the cylinder and, when the rod moves in the opposite direction, slides along surface B until it reaches the top point D on oval B, causing the cylinder to rotate 360 ° relative to the rod, after which it moves to the oval surface A and the cycle repeats;

- in the transducer (option 1), with such essential features as fixing on the rod to affect the curved surfaces of the finger installed in the ball bearing, the execution of the surfaces inside the cylinder in the form of two oval surfaces, the planes of which are parallel, are located at an angle to the axis of the rod and are divided into two parts of the cylinder body, the placement of the cylinder body coaxially in a cylindrical body of a larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylinder a single housing, their rigid connection with studs and installation in bearings with the possibility of their simultaneous rotation, the presence on the outer cylindrical housing on one side of a rigidly fixed flywheel, which together ensure the achievement of a given result;

- in the transducer (option 2), with such essential features as fixing on the rod for four fingers to act on its surface on it, forming these surfaces inside the cylinder and making them in the form of four oval slots forming 8 surfaces, the planes of each two of which are parallel between by itself, while two slots are located at an angle to the axis of the rod closer to one end of the cylinder, and the other two are mirrored by them at an angle to the axis of the rod closer to the opposite end of the cylinder and divide the cylinder body into several parts, placing the cylinder coaxially in a cylindrical case of a larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylindrical, rigidly interconnected by pins and mounted in bearings with the possibility of their simultaneous rotation, the presence on the outer cylindrical body on one side of a rigidly fixed flywheel, providing in the aggregate the achievement of a given result;

- in the engine, the presence of such significant distinguishing features as the installation on the engine casing from each of the two opposite sides of a block of two cylinders with pistons that are connected to the converter rod through intermediate rods, eliminating the rotation of the converter rod (in its first or second embodiment), providing in aggregate the achievement of a given result.

The applicant is not aware of technical solutions that have the indicated distinguishing features, which together ensure the achievement of a given result, therefore he considers them to meet the criterion of "inventive step".

The claimed technical solutions can find application in the engine industry, and therefore meet the criterion of "industrial applicability".

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where shown in:

figure 1 is a view in section of the Converter reciprocating motion into rotational (I option);

figure 2 is a view in section of a finger mounted on the rod;

figure 3 is a view in section of a Converter reciprocating motion into rotational (II option);

4 is a functional diagram of an internal combustion engine based on a converter.

In the first embodiment, the converter of the reciprocating movement of the rod into the rotational movement of the shaft (Fig. 1) comprises a cylinder 1 with a rod 2, which performs a reciprocating movement of the rod 2 with the action of an element 3 fixed on it on two closed curved surfaces formed in the cylinder 1 . On the rod 2 is rigidly fixed pin 3, mounted in a ball bearing 4 (figure 2). The surfaces are made inside the cylinder 1 in the form of two oval slots 5 and 5 ', the planes of which are parallel, are located at an angle to the axis of the rod 2 and are divided into two parts by the body of the cylinder 1. Cylinder 1, in turn, is placed coaxially in the cylindrical body 6 larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder 1 is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylindrical housing 6. The cylindrical housing 6 and the cylinder 1 are rigidly interconnected using studs 7 and installed in bearings 8 with the possibility of their one TERM rotation. On the outer cylindrical body 6, on one side, the flywheel 9 is rigidly fixed, which serves to accumulate kinematic energy.

In order to withstand the dimensions of the groove of cylinder 1, cylinder 1 is placed in cylinder 6 and connected to it rigidly, for example, by pins 7. Cylinder 1, and with it cylinder 6 rotates in two bearings 8. For 3 fingers to successfully pass points C and D, apply the flywheel 9, rigidly mounted on the cylinder 6. The finger 3 moves in the plane E, and the cylinders 1 and 6 together with the flywheel 9 will rotate in the direction in which the first impulse will be given to the flywheel 9, clockwise or counterclockwise.

In the second embodiment, the converter of the reciprocating movement of the rod into the rotational movement of the shaft (Fig. 3) comprises a cylinder 1 'with a rod 2', which performs a reciprocating movement of the rod 2 'with its action on the surfaces formed in the cylinder 1'. For the impact of the rod 2 'on these surfaces on it four fingers 3 1 ' 3 ' 4 are rigidly fixed. Curved surfaces are formed inside the cylinder 1 'and are made in the form of four oval cuts 5' 1 -5 ' 4 and 5'' 1 -5'' 4 , the planes of each two of which are parallel to each other. In this case, two slots 5 ' 1 , 5' 3 and 5 '' 1 and 5 '' 3 are located at an angle to the axis of the rod 2 'closer to one end of the cylinder 1', and the other two 5 ' 2 , 5' 4 and 5 '' 2 and 5'' 4 - mirror them at an angle to the axis of the rod 2' closer to the opposite end of the cylinder 1 'and divide the body of the cylinder 1' into several parts. The cylinder 1 'is placed coaxially in a cylindrical housing 6' of a larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder 1 'is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylindrical, while they are rigidly interconnected with studs 7' and installed in bearings 8 'with the possibility of simultaneous rotation. On the outer cylindrical housing 6 ', on one side, a flywheel 9' is rigidly fixed.

The method of converting rectilinear motion into rotational motion consists in the fact that, in the rectilinear motion of the rod 2, the finger 3, rigidly fixed to the rod 2, slides along the surface A of the groove of the cylinder 1 and rotates the cylinder 1 relative to the rod 2 so that when the finger reaches the bottom point C in oval A, it causes the cylinder to rotate 180 ° relative to the stem. After that, finger 3 passes to the oval surface of the groove B of cylinder 1 and, when the rod 2 moves in the opposite direction, slides along surface B until it reaches the highest point D on oval B, causing cylinder 1 to rotate 360 ° relative to the rod 2, after which it moves to oval surface A and the cycle repeats. Together with the cylinder 1, the cylindrical body 6 also rotates, while the kinetic energy is accumulated in the flywheel 9 (Fig. 1).

In the internal combustion engine, described below and using the principle of converting the reciprocating motion into rotary by means of a converter in its first or second embodiment, for unloading the rod 2 from rotational forces acting on the rod, and to reduce the friction forces arising from the movement of the rod 4 cylinders are used, installed in pairs from opposite sides of the housing and interconnected by intermediate rods through the converter rod.

The internal combustion engine (Fig. 4), using the method of converting rectilinear motion into rotational motion using a converter in its first or second embodiment, consists of a housing 10 in which a rectilinear motion rotational converter 11 is mounted on which a flywheel 12 is mounted, gear 13 power take-off, bearing 14. A block 15 of cylinders with pistons 16 and 17, which through the intermediate rods 18 and 19 are rigidly connected to the rod 2 of the linear motion converter in the rotary, is also mounted on the housing 10 noe performed by the first or second embodiment. On the opposite side of the housing 10, a cylinder block 20 is installed with pistons 21 and 22, which, through the intermediate rods 23 and 24, are rigidly connected to the rod 2 of the rectilinear to rotary motion converter.

In this case, a converter made according to the first or second embodiment may be used.

When fuel is burned in the pistons 16 and 17, the rod 2 goes to the left, turning the converter cylinder clockwise, when the fuel is burned in the pistons 21 and 2, the rod 2 of the converter goes to the right, the converter cylinder continues to rotate clockwise.

The process of preparation and combustion of fuel is similar to the process of preparation and combustion of fuel in the internal combustion engine, currently used.

Claims (4)

1. The method of converting the reciprocating movement of the rod into rotational movement of the shaft, which consists in the fact that the rod during the stroke affects two surfaces formed in one cylinder, as a result of which the cylinder receives rotation, and the rod is returned to its original position due to kinetic energy accumulated in the kinetic energy storage device, characterized in that two surfaces are made in one cylinder in the form of closed parallel equal to each other equal-sized oval surfaces A and B, races positioned at the same angle to the axis of the rod and forming a through groove dividing the cylinder into two equal parts, the cylinder is placed in a coaxial cylindrical body of a larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylindrical body, which is installed in bearings with the possibility of rotation and is rigidly connected to the inner cylinder using pins, and as a drive of kinetic energy, it is used rigidly fixed to a cylindrical body e flywheel, the rod acts on the surface through a finger rigidly fixed on it, which during the working stroke slides along the oval surface of the groove A of the cylinder and rotates the cylinder relative to the rod in such a way that when the finger reaches the lower point C in oval A, it makes the cylinder rotate relative to the rod 180 °, after which the finger passes to the oval surface of the groove B of the cylinder and, when the rod moves in the opposite direction, slides along surface B until it reaches the top point D on oval B, forcing the cylinder to turn atsya relatively rod 360 °, and then proceeds to oval surface A and the cycle repeats.
2. The Converter reciprocating movement of the rod into rotational motion of the shaft, including a cylinder with a rod, making a reciprocating movement of the rod with the action of the element fixed on it on two closed surfaces formed in the cylinder, characterized in that for the action of the rod on the surface the finger mounted in the ball bearing is rigidly fixed on it, the surfaces are made inside the cylinder in the form of two oval slots, the planes of which are parallel, are located at an angle to the axis of the rod and two parts are placed on the body of the cylinder, which is placed coaxially in a cylindrical case of a larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylindrical body, while they are rigidly interconnected with studs and mounted in bearings with the possibility of their simultaneous rotation moreover, on one side of the outer cylindrical housing, the flywheel is rigidly fixed.
3. The Converter reciprocating motion of the rod into a rotational movement of the shaft, including a cylinder with a rod, making a reciprocating movement of the rod with its impact on the surface formed on the cylinder, characterized in that for the impact of the rod on the surface four are rigidly fixed on it fingers, surfaces formed inside the cylinder and made in the form of four oval cuts, the planes of each two of which are parallel to each other, while two cuts are located at an angle to the axis of the rod but to one end of the cylinder, and the other two - mirror them at an angle to the axis of the rod closer to the opposite end of the cylinder and divide the cylinder body into several parts, while the cylinder is placed coaxially in a cylindrical body of a larger diameter so that the outer surface of the inner cylinder is adjacent to the inner surface of the outer cylindrical, while they are rigidly interconnected with studs and mounted in bearings with the possibility of their simultaneous rotation, moreover, on the outer cylindrical housing with one hand firmly fixed flywheel.
4. An internal combustion engine having a housing with at least one cylinder, in which there is a reciprocating-to-rotational transducer in the form of a piston with a rod, reciprocating, converted into rotational action of the rod on the surface, formed in the cylinder, while the engine is equipped with a means for damping the torque of the rod, characterized in that on the engine casing on each of the two opposite sides there is a cylinder block with a piston ny which through the intermediate rods are rigidly connected to the rod of the Converter, made according to claim 2 or 3.
RU2011137395/06A 2011-09-09 2011-09-09 Conversion method of back-and-forth movement of stock to rotational movement of shaft, converter for its implementation (versions), and engine using such converter RU2480648C1 (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU530982A1 (en) * 1974-04-15 1976-10-05 Mechanism for converting continuous rotational motion into reciprocating
SU727923A1 (en) * 1978-09-27 1980-04-15 Izmalkov German Mechanism for converting reciprocating motion to rotary motion
RU2089733C1 (en) * 1993-12-21 1997-09-10 Альмир Вагисович Адельшин Opposite internal combustion engine
RU2162157C2 (en) * 1999-04-06 2001-01-20 Ващенко Юрий Федорович Two-stroke internal combustion engine
RU2281399C2 (en) * 2003-02-03 2006-08-10 Анатолий Георгиевич Кулинич Opposed-piston engine
US7334558B2 (en) * 2004-01-02 2008-02-26 Darrell Grayson Higgins Slide body internal combustion engine
US7793623B2 (en) * 2005-09-30 2010-09-14 Boyan Kirilov Bahnev Piston cam engine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU530982A1 (en) * 1974-04-15 1976-10-05 Mechanism for converting continuous rotational motion into reciprocating
SU727923A1 (en) * 1978-09-27 1980-04-15 Izmalkov German Mechanism for converting reciprocating motion to rotary motion
RU2089733C1 (en) * 1993-12-21 1997-09-10 Альмир Вагисович Адельшин Opposite internal combustion engine
RU2162157C2 (en) * 1999-04-06 2001-01-20 Ващенко Юрий Федорович Two-stroke internal combustion engine
RU2281399C2 (en) * 2003-02-03 2006-08-10 Анатолий Георгиевич Кулинич Opposed-piston engine
US7334558B2 (en) * 2004-01-02 2008-02-26 Darrell Grayson Higgins Slide body internal combustion engine
US7793623B2 (en) * 2005-09-30 2010-09-14 Boyan Kirilov Bahnev Piston cam engine

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