NZ523731A - End-to-end security of transactions between a mobile terminal and an internet server at the application level - Google Patents

End-to-end security of transactions between a mobile terminal and an internet server at the application level

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Publication number
NZ523731A
NZ523731A NZ523731A NZ52373100A NZ523731A NZ 523731 A NZ523731 A NZ 523731A NZ 523731 A NZ523731 A NZ 523731A NZ 52373100 A NZ52373100 A NZ 52373100A NZ 523731 A NZ523731 A NZ 523731A
Authority
NZ
New Zealand
Prior art keywords
record
proxy
identification
transaction
mobile terminal
Prior art date
Application number
NZ523731A
Inventor
Adriano Huber
Pierre-Alain Etique
Original Assignee
Swisscom Mobile Ag
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Swisscom Mobile Ag filed Critical Swisscom Mobile Ag
Priority to NZ523731A priority Critical patent/NZ523731A/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CH2000/000347 external-priority patent/WO2002001829A1/en
Publication of NZ523731A publication Critical patent/NZ523731A/en

Links

Abstract

A method for end-to-end securing of transactions between a mobile terminal (1) and an internet server (5) at the application level, whereby cryptographic transaction identification documents (91), destined for transaction partner applications in the mobile terminal (1), from the internet server application are stored (92) for the mobile terminal (1), in a proxy server (6). The proxy server (6) calculates a document identification for each stored transaction identification document and a document proxy from the corresponding stored transaction identification document, transmits (94) the above to the mobile terminal (1), extracts a document identification and a document proxy from the information directed (95) to the internet server application from the mobile terminal (1). The compatibility (96) of the extracted document proxy is checked (97) with the document proxy which may be calculated from the stored transaction identification document corresponding to the extracted document identification and where there is compatibility (98) the stored transaction identification document determined by the extracted document identification is transmitted (99) to the internet server application.

Description

523731 End-to-End Securing of Transactions between a Mobile Terminal and an Internet Server on the Application Level The present invention relates to a method and a server suitable therefor for end-to-end securing of transactions between a mobile terminal and an 5 Internet server on the application level. In particular the present invention relates to a method and a proxy server suitable therefor for end-to-end securing of transactions on the application level between a mobile terminal and an Internet server comprising at least one Internet server application which, for unambiguous identification of an application transaction, transmits transaction 10 identification records to the transaction partner application and receives transaction identification records which are transmitted back to the Internet server application from the transaction partner application for. unambiguous identification of the application transaction.
The use of transaction identification records for identification of . 15 transactions and sessions between Internet servers (or web servers) and terminals of users (personal computers, for example), or respectively the . . applications on these terminals (for example browsers* for example) is known. Means of exchange of transaction identification records, which are known above all by the name of "cookies", were introduced by the company Netscape 20 in order to be better able to handle interactions on the application level between web servers and browsers, since the hypertext transport protocol (HTTP) lying beneath is a connection-less request/response protocol (and therefore does not have any state management). The cookies by means of which transaction identification records are able to be transmitted, are 25 transmitted from the web server to the browser when the user contacts the web server with the browser, for example for the first time. Received cookies are typically stored by the browser on the hard memory disk of the terminal. The instruction to the browser to store a cookie reads, for instance, as follows: set cookie: name= "value"; expires-'date"; path = "path"; domain-'domain name"; 30 secure. After successful storing of a cookie, the browser transmits the value of the cookie in the HTTP request data prefix to the respective web server when the browser is instructed by the user to obtain an URL address whose domain name and path correspond to the values set for the cookie. If the option "secure" is set, this takes place only if the transmission is carried out via a 35 secure connection, for instance via a set-up session of the secure socket layer 2 (SSL). Thus, by means of the cookies, interactions between the user of the browser and the web server can be handled through applications of the web server for longer periods, e.g. minutes or years, and for a plurality of request/response cycles, it being possible to differentiate between sessions of 5 different users and transactions.
By means of the mechanisms of the secure socket layer used in the Internet, an encrypted pipe can be set up between the client terminal, on which the browser runs, and the respective web server which secures the confidentiality of the data exchanged, i.e. <prevents> the unauthorized access 10 to the exchanged data, and makes possible the checking of the authenticity of the participating transaction partners (client and server), for instance through ■ log in of the user by means of user name, usenpassword, one-time user ■. password (e.g. from cancel list or secure ID) or other known mechanisms. ; Particularly security-critical applications, such as e.g. home banking .and 15 e-commerce, which are implemented in the Internet, present high security requirements with respect to the confidentiality of the data, the authenticity of the participating transaction partners, the integrity of the data and often also.: with respect to the indisputability of the origin of the data or respectively of the transactions for which the data are exchanged. The necessary security is 20 achieved preferably through an end-to-end securing of the transactions between the transaction partners on the application level, i.e. through mechanisms of the applications and not through mechanisms of the underlying protocol layers. In this connection, a solution based on SSL presents the problem that an unauthorized hacker who can penetrate into the system 25 between the SSL layer and the application level can insert false requests into the application transactions, which has problematic consequences in particular for security-critical applications. Above and beyond this, an error in the handling of the sessions on the SSL layer can lead to a request or a response being incorrectly assigned to a wrong application transaction, which likewise 30 has problematic consequences.
In order to be able to avoid these problems, the previously described mechanism of the cookies can be used such that requests are each transmitted to the server with a cookie (and a transaction identification record contained therein), so that the transactions are each able to be unambiguously identified INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OFP/ce OP H.Z 17 JUL 2003 received on the application level. To prevent an attack by the above-mentioned unauthorized hacker who inserts false requests into the application transactions between the SSL layer and the application level, the transaction identification records (in the cookies) are each provided with cryptographic elements. If such s cryptographic transaction identification records are supposed to meet high security requirements, they typically become rather long; for instance, required for a digital signature with 1024 bits is a cookie (with the transaction identification record contained therein) with a length of 160 bytes.
Although with the method derived from the state of the art for end-to-end 10 securing of transactions between terminals and Internet servers on the application level based on cryptographic transaction identification records transmitted in cookies, it is possible to overcome the above-mentioned problems of false requests, this method cannot be used for mobile terminals, for example mobile radio telephones or mobile communication-capable is computers such as laptop computers, palmtop computers or PDAs (Personal Digital Assistants), on the one hand because the available mobile terminals are not provided with communications protocols which support cookies (e.g. the wireless application protocol WAP used in mobile devices for access to the Internet does not support any cookies), and, on the other hand, because the 20 required lengths of the cryptographic transaction identification records are not very efficient for mobile communication.
It is an object of this invention to propose a new and better method as well as means suitable therefor which make possible end-to-end securing of transactions between a mobile terminal and an Internet server on the 25 application level, or at least to provide the public with a useful choice.
This object is achieved according to the present invention in particular through the elements of the independent claims. Further preferred embodiments follow moreover from the dependent claims and the description.
This object is achieved through the present invention in particular in that 30 cryptographic transaction identification records (contained in cookies, for instance) which are directed to transaction partner applications in the mobile terminal are stored, assigned to the mobile terminal, in a transaction identification proxy record server, that a record identification for a respective stored transaction identification record as well as a proxy record calculated by 4 the proxy server from the respective stored transaction identification record are transmitted in each case by the proxy server to the mobile terminal, that a record identification and a proxy record are taken in each case by the proxy server from the messages which are sent by the mobile terminal to the Internet s server application, and checked is the correspondence between the taken proxy record and the proxy record which is calculable from the stored transaction identification record determined through the taken record identification, and in that, in the case of a correspondence, the stored transaction identification record determined through the taken record 10 identification is transmitted to the Internet server application. The advantage of the pipxy server, which <replaces> in each case.a transaction identification .. recorql.directed to a mobile terminal with a tuple, consisting of a record . , identification fpr.the respective stored transaction identification record: and a : . proxy record, which is calculated from the respective transaction identification , . 15 record,, is in.particular that the mechanism of the transactiomdentification records (cookies) used by the Internet server can be mapped on mobile terminals which do not support this mechanism^ the end-to-end security . between the. mobile terminal and the Internet server on the application level remains intact through the cryptographic proxy record which is calculated from 20.. the respective transaction identification record and which can have a much shorter length than the transaction identification record from which it is calculated. The record identification alone could be faked by a hacker; the proxy record calculated in each case from the respective transaction identification record is not able to be faked by a hacker, however, since the 25 transaction identification records can change with each transaction and the correspondence of the tuple is checked by the proxy server.
The record identification and proxy record to be transmitted to the mobile terminal are preferably transmitted in a data element which is automatically inserted into messages in each case by the transaction partner application in 30 the mobile terminal, which messages are directed to the Internet server application. This procedure has the advantage in particular that the mobile terminal, or respectively software programs of the mobile terminal, do not need to be adapted as well.
The proxy record is preferably calculated from the stored transaction 35 identification record by means of a one-way hash function. The advantage of T using a one-way hash function for calculation of the proxy record from the transaction identification record is in particular that, on the one hand, the calculation of the proxy record from the transaction identification record can be carried out easily, but, in the reverse direction, the calculation of the 5 transaction identification record from the proxy record is extremely difficult, if not impossible, and that, on the other hand, a proxy record with a predefined length can be calculated from the transaction identification record even when the length of the transaction identification record varies, whereby in particular . the predefined length of the proxy record is shorter than the length of the 10 transaction identification record from which it is calculated. > ln an embodiment variant, the assignment to the mobile terminal during - the storing of the cryptographic transaction identification in the proxy server takes place via the IP address of the mobile terminal. This is especially > advantageous when no other data element that could serve for identification .of -is -the mobile terminal is exchanged between the mobile terminal and the Internet server by means of the communication protocols used.
In an embodiment variant, a protocol data file is kept in the proxy server in which are stored indications about the replacement of transaction identification records with proxy records, or respectively proxy records with 20 transaction identification records, indications about the point in time of this replacement as well as indications about the transaction partners participating jn the transaction for which the replacement is carried out. The advantage of such a protocol data file is in particular that it can be used at a later point in time to prove the transaction course carried out on the application level 25 between the mobile terminal and the Internet server.
In alternative embodiment variants the proxy server is insertable into the communication path between the Internet server application and the transport security layer of the Internet server and is implemented with the Internet server on a common computer, or the proxy server is implemented on a common 30 computer with a gateway that links together a mobile radio network and the Internet and is insertable in the communication path between the transport security layer of the mobile network and the transport security layer of the Internet. 6 An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to an example. The example of the embodiment is illustrated by the following appended figures: Figure 1 shows a block diagram which illustrates schematically a mobile 5 terminal and an Internet server which communicate via a gateway that connects a mobile radio network and the Internet.
Figure 2 shows a block diagram which illustrates schematically a mobile terminial and an Internet server which communicate via a gateway that connects together a mobile radio network security pipe and an Internet security pipe.
Figure 3 shows a layer diagram, which illustrates schematically the. communication protocol stack of a mobile terminal, .of an Internet server as well as of the gateway via which the mobile terminal and the Internet server . communicate with one another.
Figure 4 shows a combined time and flow chart in which the exchange is 15 illustrated schematically of transaction identification records, or respectively proxy record calculated from these transaction identification records, for the end-to-rend securing of transactions on the application level between a mobile terminal and an Internet server, as transaction partners, via a proxy server.
Figure 5 shows a block diagram which illustrates schematically a proxy server.
In Figure 1 the reference numeral 1 refers to a mobile terminal, for example a WAP-capable mobile terminal, which can communicate over a mobile radio network 2, for instance a GSM or UMTS or another, e.g. satellite-based, mobile radio network. As is shown schematically in Figure 1, the mobile 25 radio network 2 is connected via a gateway 3, for example a WAP gateway, to the Internet 4, to which an Internet server 5 is linked.
Illustrated in Figure 2 is the configuration illustrated in Figure 1 with respect to the transport security layer between the mobile terminal 1 and the Internet server 5, whereby shown in an abstract way as the mobile network 30 security pipe 7 is the mobile radio network 2 as well as the communication protocols of the mobile terminal 1 and of the gateway 3 for access to, and communication processing via, the mobile radio network 2, up to and including the transport security layer, for instance according to the WTLS protocol 7 (Wireless Transport Layer Security) and whereby shown in an abstract way as the Internet security pipe 8 is the Internet 4 as well as the communication protocols of the gateway 3 and of the Internet server 5 for access to, and communication processing via, the Internet 4, up to and including the transport 5 security layer, for instance according to the SSL protocol (Secure Socket Layer). The reference numeral 6 in Figure 2 refers to a transaction identification proxy record server which will be explained more closely in the following and is designated in an abbreviated way as the proxy server 6. The proxy server 6 is implemented preferably as a programmed software module on 10 a computer. As shown in Figure 2, the proxy server 6 can be implemented on a .common computer with the gateway 3 (block 6 with solid line), where it is • . . inserted in the communication path between the Internet server 5, or respectively an Internet server application, and .the mobile network security pipe 7, or the proxy server 6 can be implemented on a common computer.with ; 15 the.lnternet server 5 (block 6 with broken line), where it is inserted in the . communication path between the Internet server 5, or respectively an Internet server application, and the Internet security pipe 8.
Shown in Figure 3 are the communication protocol stack P as well as the above-lying application level A in a schematic layer model for the mobile 20 terminal 1, the gateway 3 and the Internet server 5. Only the transport security layer S is emphasized thereby as a layer in Figure 3, the WTLS protocol being used, for example, as the transport security layer for the communication over the mobile radio network 2 between the mobile terminal 1 and the gateway 3, and the SSL protocol being used, for example, for the communication over the 25 Internet 4 between the gateway 3 and the Internet server 5. The communication protocol stack P in the mobile terminal 1 and in the gateway 3 for communication over mobile radio network 2 are executed according to WAP (Wireless Application Protocol), for example. As shown furthermore in Figure 3, the proxy server 6 can be carried out on the application level A, as already 30 indicated above, together with the gateway 3 or with the Internet server 5 on one computer.
In Figure 4, the reference numeral 91 refers to the transmission of a cryptographic transaction identification record directed to the mobile terminal 1, or respectively to an application of the mobile terminal 1, through the Internet 35 server 5, or respectively an Internet server application of the Internet server 5. 8 The proxy server 6, which is inserted in the communication path between the Internet server 5 and the mobile terminal 1, receives the cryptographic transaction identification record by means of the record storing module 61 shown in Figure 5, and stores it in step 92 in the record mapping memory 66. 5 The transaction identification record comprises, for instance, a digital signature as the cryptographic element. The storing of the cryptographic transaction identification record takes place with assignment to the mobile terminal 1, a mobile terminal identification 662 being assigned to the stored cryptographic transaction identification record 661. Used as the mobile terminal identification 10 662 can be, for example, the IP address (Internet Protocol) of the mobile terminal 1 to which the respective message with the cryptographic transaction identification record is directed.
In step 93, in the proxy server 6, an unambiguous (unique) proxy record is calculated from the stored transaction identification record 661 by means of is the proxy record module 62. The calculation of the, proxy record takes place through a cryptographic function 621, for instance through a one-way hash . function 621, e.g. a hash function according to MD5 or SHA1. A6 indicated by the arrow 94 in the figure, the calculated proxy record is transmitted from the proxy record module 62 to the mobile terminal 1 together with a record 20 identification for the stored transaction identification record 661 with the aid of the communication functions of the Internet server 1 <sic. 5> or of the gateway 3, depending upon where the proxy server 6 is implemented. Used as the record identification can be, for example, the mobile terminal identification 662 or another record identification 663 generated by the proxy server 6. The 25 calculated proxy record 660 can also be stored in addition in the record mapping memory 66. The cryptographic function 621 can furthermore secure the uniqueness of newly calculated proxy records on the basis of the previously stored proxy record 660. If the cryptographic function 621 determines that a calculated proxy record corresponds to a previously stored proxy record 660, 30 the uniqueness can be brought about through the cryptographic function 621, for instance by means of data values from a random generator. The uniqueness of proxy records can also be achieved by the cryptographic function 621, however, by addition of data elements, for instance time-dependent values or serial numbers, to the cryptographically calculated proxy 35 record. The tuple is preferably transmitted with the proxy record 660 and the 9 record identification 662 or 663 in a data element which is inserted in each case automatically into messages by the application in the mobile terminal 1, which messages are directed to the Internet server 5, or respectively the Internet server application. The tuple can be added to the URL address 5 (Uniform Resource Locator), for instance, which is put on each object, for example HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) or WML pages (Wireless Markup Language) that is transmitted by the Internet server 5, or respectively the Internet server application, to the mobile terminal 1, or respectively a transaction partner application on the mobile terminal 1., for instance a WAP io browser, and which is transmitted in each case by these applications of the = mobile terminal 1 with each request to the Internet server 5, orrespectively to the particular Internet server application.
Illustrated by the arrow 95 in Figure 4 is the transmission by the mobile :■ "terminal 1, or respectively by an application of the mobile terminal 1, of a. ■ is ' message directed to the Internet server 5, or respectively the Internet server application, comprising the tuple with the calculated proxy record and the . . ■record identification. In step 96, this message isitaken in the proxy server from the tuple with the proxy record and the record identification by means of the proxy record checking module 63, and in step 97 checked is the 20 correspondence of the taken proxy record to the proxy record which is calculable from the stored transaction identification record 661 determined through the taken record identification. For the check, either a proxy record is thereby calculated from the stored transaction identification record 661 determined through the taken record identification, or the corresponding 25 previously calculated and stored proxy record 660 is used, whereby calculating time can be saved. In the case of a positive correspondence, the stored transaction identification record 661 determined through the taken record identification is transmitted to the respective Internet server application in step 98, as indicated by the arrow 99, by means of the record transmission module 30 64 with the aid of software interfaces of the Internet server 1 <sic. 5> or communication functions of the gateway 3, depending upon where the proxy server 6 is implemented. If there is no correspondence, an error message can be transmitted to the mobile terminal 1, for example, as illustrated by the arrow 97'.
In an embodiment variant, the protocol data file 67 is kept in the proxy server 6 by the protocol data file capturing module 65, in which protocol data file information is stored concerning the steps 92, 93, 96, 97 and 98 carried out by the proxy server together with time and/or date indications for the point in time of execution of these steps. This information comprises, for example, indications about which transaction identification records have been received from the Internet server 5 and have been stored, with which proxy records these transaction identification records have been replaced, to which mobile terminal 1 the proxy records have been transmitted in each case, from which mobile terminal 1 the proxy records have been transmitted back, which proxy records have been incorrectly kept back in the proxy server 6, and which transaction identification records have been successfully transmitted backto the Interne,t server 5, or respectively the particular Internet server application: The protocol data file capturing module 65 is a programmed software module, for example,. The protocol data file 67 is stored on a hard memory disk organized in a data file or a database.

Claims (14)

11
1. A method for end-to-end securing of transactions between a mobile terminal and an Internet server on the application leveljnKivhich method, for unambiguous identification of an application transaction, the Internet server application transmits transaction identification records to the transaction partner application and receives transaction identification records which are transmitted back to the Internet server application from the transaction partner application, for unambiguous identification of the application transaction, wherein stored, assigned to the mobile terminal, in a transaction identification proxy record server, are cryptographic transaction identification records, which are directed to transaction partner applications in the mobile terminal, transmitted to the mobile terminal by the proxy server in each case are a record identification for a respective stored transaction identification record as well as a proxy record, which is calculated by the proxy server from the respective stored transaction identification record, taken in each case by the proxy server from the messages directed by the mobile terminal to the Internet server application are a record identification and a proxy record, and checked is the correspondence of the taken proxy record with the proxy record which is calculable from the stored transaction identification record determined through the taken record identification, and, in the case of correspondence, transmitted to the Internet server application is the stored transaction identification record, determined through the taken record identification.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the record identification and proxy record to be transmitted to the mobile terminal are transmitted in a data element which is automatically inserted by the transaction partner application in the mobile terminal in each case into messages that are directed to the Internet server application.
3. The method according to one of the claims 1 or 2, wherein the proxy record is calculated from the stored transaction identification record by means of a one-way hash function.
4. The method according to one of the claims 1 to 3, wherein during the storing of the cryptographic transaction identification records in the proxy 12 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OFRCF OF HZ 17 JUL 2003 RECEIVED server, the assignment to the mobile terminal takes place via the IP address of the mobile terminal.
5. The method according to one of the claims 1 to 4, wherein a protocol data file is kept in the proxy server in which data file data about the replacement of transaction identification records with proxy records, respectively of proxy records with transaction identification records, data about the point in time of this replacement as well as data about the transaction partners, who are participating in the transaction, for which the replacement is made.
6. A proxy server, which is insertable in the communication path between a mobile terminal and an Internet server, which Internet server comprises at least one Internet server application, which, for unambiguous identification of the application transaction, transmits transaction identification records to the transaction partner application and receives transaction identification records which are transmitted back to the Internet server application by the transaction partner application, for unambiguous identification of the application transaction, wherein the proxy server comprises first means for storing cryptographic transaction identification records which are directed to the transaction partner applications in the mobile terminal, whereby the storing takes place with assignment of a mobile terminal identification, the proxy server comprises second means for calculating the proxy record from a respective stored transaction identification record and for transmitting to the mobile terminal this proxy record as well as a record identification for the respective stored transaction identification record, the proxy server comprises third means for taking a record identification and a proxy record from the messages which are directed from the mobile terminal to the Internet server application and for checking the correspondence of the taken proxy record to the proxy record which is calculable from the stored transaction identification record determined through the taken record identification, and 13 1iS^f5!r 17 JUL 2003 RECEIVED the proxy server comprises fourth means for transmitting, in the case of correspondence, to the Internet server application the stored transaction identification record determined through the taken record identification. 7. The proxy server according to claim 6, wherein the second means are s set up in such a way that they transmit in a data element the record identification and proxy record to be transmitted to the mobile terminal which data element is automatically inserted by the transaction partner application in the mobile terminal into messages which are directed to the Internet server application. 10 8. The proxy server according to one of the claims 6 or 7, wherein the second means comprise a one-way hash function by means of which the proxy record is calculated from the stored transaction identification record. 9. The proxy server according to one of the claims 6 to 8, wherein the first means are set up in such a way that during storing of the cryptographic is transaction identification records they carry out the assignment to the mobile terminal via the IP address of the mobile terminal. 10. The proxy server according to one of the claims 6 to 9, wherein the proxy server comprises further means for keeping a protocol data file in which are stored data about the replacement of transaction identification records with 20 proxy records, respectively of proxy records with transaction identification records, data about the point in time of this replacement as well as data about the transaction partners taking part in the transaction for which the replacement is made. 11. The proxy server according to one of the claims 6 to 10, wherein the 25 proxy server is implemented with the Internet server on a common computer and is insertable in the communication path between the Internet server application and the transport security layer (SSL) of the Internet server. 12. The proxy server according to one of the claims 6 to 10, wherein the proxy server is implemented with a gateway, connecting together a mobile radio 30 network and the Internet, on a common computer, and is insertable in the communication path between the transport security layer (WTLS) of the mobile radio network and the transport security layer (SSL) of the Internet. 13 I 17 JUL 2C03 ^RECEIVED the proxy server comprises fourth means for transmitting, in the case of correspondence, to the Internet server application the stored transaction identification record determined through the taken record identification.
7. The proxy server according to claim 6, wherein the second means are 5 set up in such a way that they transmit in a data element the record identification and proxy record to be transmitted to the mobile terminal which data element is automatically inserted by the transaction partner application in the mobile terminal into messages which are directed to the Internet server application. 10
8. The proxy server according to one of the claims 6 or 7, wherein the second means comprise a one-way hash function by means of which the proxy record is calculated from the stored transaction identification record.
9. The proxy server according to one of the claims 6 to 8, wherein the first means are set up in such a way that during storing of the cryptographic 15 transaction identification records they carry out the assignment to the mobile terminal via the IP address of the mobile terminal.
10. The proxy server according to one of the claims 6 to 9, wherein the proxy server comprises further means for keeping a protocol data file in which are stored data about the replacement of transaction identification records with 20 proxy records, respectively of proxy records with transaction identification records, data about the point in time of this replacement as well as data about the transaction partners taking part in the transaction for which the replacement is made.
11. The proxy server according to one of the claims 6 to 10, wherein the 25 proxy server is implemented with the Internet server on a common computer and is insertable in the communication path between the Internet server application and the transport security layer (SSL) of the Internet server.
12. The proxy server according to one of the claims 6 to 10, wherein the proxy server is implemented with a gateway, connecting together a mobile radio 30 network and the Internet, on a common computer, and is insertable in the communication path between the transport security layer (WTLS) of the mobile radio network and the transport security layer (SSL) of the Internet. 14
13. A proxy server substantially as described herein with reference to the drawings.
14. A method substantially as described herein with reference to Figure 4 of the drawings. 15 Abstract For the end-to-end securing of transactions between a mobile terminal (1) and an Internet server (5) on the application layer, cryptographic transaction 5 identification records, which are directed by the Internet server application to transaction partner applications in the mobile terminal, are stored, assigned to the mobile terminal, in a proxy server (6). Transmitted in each case to the mobile terminal (1) are a record identification (662, 663) for a stored transaction identification record (661) as well as a proxy record (660), which is 10 calculated by the proxy server (6) from the respective stored transaction identification record. Taken in each case by the proxy server (6) from the messages directed by the mobile terminal (1) to the Internet server, application are a record identification and a proxy record. Checked is the correspondence of the taken proxy record with the proxy record (660) which is calculable from 15 the stored transaction identification record (661) determined through the taken record identification, and, in the case of agreement, the stored transaction : identification record (661) determined through the taken record identification is transmitted to the Internet server application. 20 25 (Figure 5) List of Reference Numerals 1 mobile terminal 2 mobile radio network 3 gateway 4 Internet 5 Internet server 6 proxy server 7 mobile network security pipe 8 Internet security pipe 61 record storing module 62 proxy record module 63 proxy record checking module 64 record transmitting module 65 ; . protocol data file capturing module , 66 record mapping memory 67 protocol data file 91 step: transmission of a transaction identification record 92 step: storing of a transaction identification record .93 step: calculation of a proxy record 94, 95 step: transmission of a record identification and of a proxy record 96 step: taking of the record identification and of the proxy record 97 step: checking of the proxy record 97' step: error message 98, 99 step: transmission of a transaction identification record 621 cryptographic function (one-way hash function) 660 proxy record 661 stored transaction identification record 662 mobile terminal identification 663 record identification A application level P communications protocol stack S transport security layer SSL secure socket layer WTLS wireless transport layer security
NZ523731A 2000-06-26 2000-06-26 End-to-end security of transactions between a mobile terminal and an internet server at the application level NZ523731A (en)

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NZ523731A NZ523731A (en) 2000-06-26 2000-06-26 End-to-end security of transactions between a mobile terminal and an internet server at the application level

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NZ523731A NZ523731A (en) 2000-06-26 2000-06-26 End-to-end security of transactions between a mobile terminal and an internet server at the application level
PCT/CH2000/000347 WO2002001829A1 (en) 2000-06-26 2000-06-26 End-to-end security of transactions between a mobile terminal and an internet server at the application level

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