NL1035848C - Construction with a milkbox occupy indicator. - Google Patents

Construction with a milkbox occupy indicator. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
NL1035848C
NL1035848C NL1035848A NL1035848A NL1035848C NL 1035848 C NL1035848 C NL 1035848C NL 1035848 A NL1035848 A NL 1035848A NL 1035848 A NL1035848 A NL 1035848A NL 1035848 C NL1035848 C NL 1035848C
Authority
NL
Netherlands
Prior art keywords
milk box
dairy animal
box
head
construction
Prior art date
Application number
NL1035848A
Other languages
Dutch (nl)
Inventor
Karel Berg
Serge Louis Loosveld
Original Assignee
Lely Patent Nv
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lely Patent Nv filed Critical Lely Patent Nv
Priority to NL1035848 priority Critical
Priority to NL1035848A priority patent/NL1035848C/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of NL1035848C publication Critical patent/NL1035848C/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/12Milking stations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01JMANUFACTURE OF DAIRY PRODUCTS
    • A01J7/00Accessories for milking machines or devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0005Stable partitions
    • A01K1/0017Gates, doors
    • A01K1/0029Crowding gates or barriers

Description

CONSTRUCTION WITH A MILKBOX OCCUPY INDICATOR

The present invention relates to a construction with a device for automatically milking animals, such as cows, which can move freely in a movement area intended for this purpose, comprising a milking box, and a milking robot for automatically coupling teat cups to the teats of the animals.

Such a construction gives the dairy animals the possibility to go to the milk box at any desired time in order to be milked there by means of the robot. However, it is possible that the milk box is already occupied at the moment that a dairy animal reports there. If a dairy animal has gone to a milk box several times while it is already occupied, it is possible that the dairy animal will go to the milk box less or no longer. This applies in particular if a dairy animal cannot or cannot properly see whether a dairy animal is present in the milk box, for example due to low ambient light in the evening, at night or in a shed. The design of the milk box, or the location of the milk box, may also be the reason that it is not clearly visible to a dairy animal or that the milk box is occupied.

Another drawback of the known device is that during milking, the ambient light can influence the behavior of the dairy animal and thus the efficiency of the milking process. For example, when it is relatively dark, in the evening, at night or in a stable, the dairy animal cannot feel safe in the milk box and therefore become restless. As a result, it can be difficult to fit the teat cups on the teats, thereby extending the milking time. Moreover, a poor milking memory can lead to a less frequent visit to the milking robot. It is also possible that there is too much ambient light that distracts the dairy animal.

The object of the invention is to provide a construction according to the preamble of claim 1, wherein one or more of the above-mentioned disadvantages are avoided.

The object has been achieved with a construction according to the preamble of claim 1, characterized in that the construction comprises a presence sensor for detecting a presence of a dairy animal in the milk box, and a signal device for detecting the presence of a dairy animal in the 1035848 2 emits a milk box of a light signal observable outside the milk box and which is detectable in the movement area.

By determining the presence of a dairy animal in the milk box, a light signal can be issued depending on the presence, with which one or more of the disadvantages mentioned can be eliminated. For example, by providing a signal that can be observed by a dairy animal located outside the milk box, it can be indicated to such a dairy animal that the milk box is free or just occupied.

A further advantage of the device according to the invention is that a farmer who is in the area of movement can directly recognize whether a milk box is occupied by the light signal. This can be particularly advantageous if due to a lack of ambient light, for example in the evening, at night, or in a stable, it is not immediately visible whether there is a dairy animal in the milk box.

In one embodiment, the device is adapted to give at least one light signal if there is no dairy animal in the milk box. With the light signal it can be made clear to the dairy animals outside the milk box that the milk box is not occupied. In an alternative embodiment, it is possible to only provide a light signal if a dairy animal is present in the milk box.

In an embodiment, the signal device is adapted to give a first signal if there is no dairy animal present in the milk box, and to give a second signal if there is a dairy animal present in the milk box.

In one embodiment the signal device is placed on a top side of the construction, for example on the milk box. As a result, the signal supplied may be more perceptible to a dairy animal or farmer located outside the milking box, but in the area of movement.

In one embodiment the signal device comprises a milk box lighting device for at least partially illuminating the milk box, preferably the entire milk box. By at least partially illuminating an inside of the milk box, the access to the milk box is also illuminated and a dairy animal located outside the milk box can see that the milk box is not occupied. In such an embodiment, the signal device is therefore adapted to switch on the milk box lighting device if the milk box is not occupied. Such an embodiment in which the milking box is internally illuminated can have an enhanced inviting effect on a dairy animal, as a result of which the dairy animal will proceed to the milking box more quickly. In an alternative embodiment, only access to the milk box can also be illuminated.

In an embodiment the device comprises a head lighting device which is adapted to illuminate the head, in particular the eyes of a dairy animal present in the milking box. The light intensity around the head, in particular the eyes, can be increased by means of the head lighting device. By illuminating only the head of the animal during milking, or by increasing the lighting intensity there, it is possible to give the dairy animal sufficient light in low ambient light conditions to not feel unsafe, without illuminating the entire environment and thereby ridding the dairy animal. to lead.

In one embodiment, it is possible to switch on the head lighting device only if the light intensity in the milk box, in particular around the head of the dairy animal, is below a certain minimum level. To this end, one or more light intensity sensors can be provided which can determine the light intensity around the head of the dairy animal and, on the basis thereof, whether or not to switch on the head lighting device.

In a further embodiment, it is possible that the intensity of the head lighting device can be varied such that a certain light intensity level can be set around the head of the dairy animal. In such an embodiment, the one or more light intensity sensors can measure the light intensity level around the head of the dairy animal and, on the basis thereof, control the intensity of the head lighting device to achieve the desired light intensity level.

It is noted that it is possible to use the head lighting device described above in a construction without the presence sensor and without the light signal device according to the invention.

In an embodiment in which a milk box lighting device and a head lighting device are provided, the signal device is adapted to switch on the milk box lighting device if there is no dairy animal present in the milk box, and to switch on the head lighting device if there is a dairy animal present in the milk box. The milk box lighting is used to indicate to dairy animals located outside the milk box that the milk box is occupied or not by another dairy animal. If a dairy animal is present in the milking box 4, for example, with insufficient ambient light, the head lighting device can be switched on to give the relevant dairy animal a safe feeling without being distracted by ambient light.

In one embodiment the construction comprises darkening means 5 for at least partially shielding the milk box from ambient light. In particular in an embodiment with a head lighting device, the incidence of ambient light can reduce the effect of the head lighting device. By shielding the milking box at least partially from ambient light, the light intensity in the milking box can be lowered, whereby it is subsequently possible, also with a great deal of ambient light outside the milking box, to increase the intensity of the light around the head of the dairy animal relatively by means of the headlighting device to thereby achieve the intended effect.

The light signal is preferably perceptible in a substantial part of the movement area, for example in more than 50% of the movement area, more preferably in more than 75% of the movement area. In an advantageous embodiment, the light signal is perceptible in almost the entire range of motion.

In one embodiment, the structure is a mobile structure that can be placed at a desired location in the area of movement. When placing the construction, it is less necessary to take into account whether the milking box is visible to the dairy animals outside the milking box in order to be able to see whether the milking box is occupied. By means of the signal device it can be made clear whether the milk box is occupied or not.

The invention further relates to a method for luring a dairy animal to a milk box of the construction according to any of claims 1-9, characterized by the steps of - determining with the presence sensor the presence of a dairy animal in the milk box, and - depending on the presence of a dairy animal in the milking box, issuing a light signal that is perceptible outside the milking box, but in the area of movement.

In one embodiment the method comprises the steps of: if no dairy animal is present in the milk box, illuminating at least a part of the milk box, for example the access gate or substantially the entire inside of the milk box, as an invitation to enter the milk box, and if a dairy animal is present in the milk box, increasing the light intensity around the head of the dairy animal by means of a head lighting device.

In an embodiment of the method, the step of increasing the light intensity around the head of the dairy animal is only performed if the light intensity is below a certain level. If the lighting at the head of the dairy animal has a minimum level at which the dairy animal feels safe, it is not necessary to further increase the lighting level. The head lighting device is used in particular in situations in which the light intensity around the head is below a certain level, for example because it is in the evening or at night. It is also possible that the milking box is arranged in a less well-lit shed or that the milking box is at least partially darkened to shield the dairy animal from environmental influences.

The invention will be explained in more detail below with reference to an exemplary embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic side view of the construction according to the invention; FIG. 2a is a schematic top view of the construction of

Figure 1 is wherein there is no dairy animal in the milk box; and

FIG. 2b is a schematic top view of the construction of Figure 1, wherein there is a dairy animal in the milk box.

25

Figures 1, 2a and 2b show a construction for automatically milking dairy animals, such as, for example, cows. The construction is indicated in its entirety by the reference numeral 1. The construction 1 comprises a milking box 2, and a milking robot 3. The milking box 2 is an enclosed space in which a dairy animal can proceed to be milked. The milking robot 3 is adapted for automatically connecting teat cups to the teats of the animals. The dairy animals can move freely around the milk box 2 in a movement area A intended for this purpose, for example a whey or a shed.

6

The milking robot 3 can move along a guide rail 5, and comprises a number of teat cups and a teat detection device. When a dairy animal 20 wants to be milked, if no other dairy animal 20 is present in the milk box 2, the dairy animal 20 can enter the milk box 2 through the access gate 8. The milking robot 3 is then able to automatically place the teat cups on the teats of placing the dairy animal 20 present in the milk box 2, and milking the dairy animal 20.

Before entering the milking box 2, the dairy animal 20 can be identified by means of an identification system, and it can be determined whether the dairy animal 20 should be milked. For example, each animal carries an identification means that can be read with a reader arranged in the milk box 20. Such identification can also take place after entering the milk box 2, but before milking.

The construction 1 further comprises a feeding device 4. The feeding device 4 can be an automatic feeding device 4 which, depending on the dairy animal 20 present in the milk box 2, delivers a specific amount of feed. On the basis of identification, such an automatic feeding device can be controlled to deliver a quantity of feed geared to the relevant animal. Such automatic feeding devices and identification systems are known per se and are disclosed, for example, in EP 0 724 382 and EP 0 951 821.

In the milk box 2, a presence sensor 6 is placed with which it is possible to detect whether a dairy animal is present in the milk box 2. Furthermore, the construction comprises a number of light signal devices, with which a light signal can be supplied depending on the absence of a dairy animal 20 in the milk box 2.

The presence sensor 6 can be part of an identification system described above, or it can be a presence sensor which is arranged in the milk box 2 for another reason. The presence sensor 6 can also only be provided for controlling one of the light signal devices.

A first light-signal device is light-signal lamp 7. The light-signal lamp 7 is placed at the top of the milk box 2, so that it is clearly visible to dairy animals 20 located outside the milk box 2, but located in the movement region A.

The light signal lamp 7 is adapted to send a light signal if there is no dairy animal 20 in the milk box 2 (Fig. 2a), but if there is a dairy animal 20 in the milk box 2, it does not send a light signal (Figure 2b). This light signal allows a dairy animal 20 located outside the milk box 2 to detect whether the milk box 2 is occupied. This has the advantage that a dairy animal 20 does not go to the milking robot unnecessarily.

Furthermore, the light signal has the advantage that a farmer, if desired, can directly see in the movement area A whether a milk box 2 is occupied.

The presence sensor 6 can be directly connected to the light signal lamp 7, but this coupling can also take place via a central processor, for example a computer. The light signal can be any suitable light signal. It is also possible that the light signal blinks or changes in intensity to attract the attention of the dairy animals 20 located outside the milk box 2.

If it is desired to place the milking box 2 at a location out of sight of the dairy animals 20, ie out of sight of a considerably large part of the movement area A, this is easily possible because the light signal lamp 7 can be placed on a the movement area A or at least a substantial part thereof observable location. The light signal lamp 7 does not necessarily have to be arranged on or on the milk box 2.

A second light signal device in the form of a milk box lighting device 10 is arranged in the milk box 2. This milking box lighting device 10 is arranged to substantially illuminate the entire inside of the milking box 2 if no dairy animal 20 is present in the milking box 2. As a result of the lighting of the inside of the milk box 2, the access gate 8 of the milk box 2 will also be illuminated if no dairy animal 20 is present in the milk box 2. This gives an inviting effect for the dairy animals 20 not present in the milk box 2 to proceed to the entrance gate 8 of the milk box 2.

Thus, the milk box lighting device 10 can be used as an alternative to the light signal lamp 7. In one embodiment, one of the two signal devices can be used, but it is possible to use both signal devices simultaneously. Thereby, the signal device 7 and the milk box lighting 10 can simultaneously issue a light signal if the milk box is not occupied (see Figure 2a).

In the milk box 2, a head lighting device 11 is provided which is adapted to increase the light intensity around the head, in particular the eyes of a dairy animal 20 situated in the milk box 2. If the light level in the milk box 2 is low, it may be that the dairy animal 20 located in the milk box 2 becomes restless, for example because it feels unsafe. By increasing the light intensity around the head of the dairy animal 20, a safe feeling can be given to the animal 5 without the environment being illuminated such that the dairy animal 20 is distracted by environmental factors, such as the presence of other dairy animals 20 near the milk box 2 or other things in the area.

The head lighting device 11 comprises a lamp fixture 12 which is arranged to at least partially enclose the head of a dairy animal 20 present in the milking box. The shape of the lamp fixture 12 limits the field of view of the dairy animal, so that it will be less likely to be distracted by environmental factors. At the same time, the lamp fitting 12 offers the possibility of increasing the intensity of the light in a very focused manner around the head, or at least the eyes of the dairy animal 20, so as to create an environment safe for the dairy animal 20.

If the light intensity around the head of the dairy animal 20 falls below a certain level, the head lighting device 11 can be switched on to increase the light intensity locally around the head of the dairy animal 20 as discussed above. For this purpose, the head lighting device 11 can be provided with one or more light intensity sensors which can measure the light intensity around the head of the dairy animal 20, so that the head lighting device 11 can be controlled on the basis thereof.

In a further embodiment it is possible that the light intensity emitted by the head lighting device 11 can be varied, so that on the basis of the light intensity determined with the one or more light intensity sensors, an amount of light can be emitted with the head lighting device 11, so that a constant and / or or desired light intensity around the head of the dairy animal 20 is achieved.

In one embodiment this constant and / or desired light intensity around the head of the dairy animal can be adjustable by means of adjusting means, for instance an input device arranged on the head lighting device 11 or connected thereto.

The lamp fixture 12 may further serve as a darkening means to remove ambient light. In this way the light intensity in the milk box 29, in particular around the head of the dairy animal 20, can be reduced, so that the dairy animal 20 is not distracted by images from the environment. Alternative darkening means such as, for example, plates or sails which reduce the entry of light into the milk box 2 can also be used.

In a milk box 2 with a milk box lighting device 10 and a head lighting device 11, use can be made of the two lighting devices in the following manner. If no dairy animal is present in the milk box, the milk box lighting device 10 can be switched on to illuminate the milk box 2 and thereby, possibly in combination with signal lamp 7, to attract a dairy animal 10 to the milk box 2.

When a dairy animal 20 has entered the milk box 2, the presence of the dairy animal 20 is detected by the presence sensor 6 and the milk box lighting device 10 is switched off. If the ambient light near the head of the dairy animal 20 is below a certain level, the head lighting device 11 is switched on to increase the light intensity around the head of the dairy animal and thereby increase the feeling of safety of the dairy animal.

1 03 58 48

Claims (14)

  1. A construction (1) with a device for automatically milking dairy animals (20), such as cows, which can move freely in a movement area (A) intended for this purpose, comprising a milking box (2), and a milking robot (3) for automatically coupling teat cups to the teats of the dairy animals, characterized in that the construction comprises: - a presence sensor (6) for detecting a presence of a dairy animal (20) in the milk box (2), and 10. a signal device (7, 10) for issuing, depending on the presence of a dairy animal, a light signal observable outside the milk box and in the movement region (A).
  2. 2. Construction (1) according to claim 1, wherein the device is adapted to provide at least one light signal if there is no dairy animal (20) in the milk box (2).
  3. 3. Construction (1) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the signal device (7, 10) is adapted to give a first light signal if no dairy animal (20) is present in the milk box (2), and a second to emit a light signal if a dairy animal is present in the milk box.
  4. A structure (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the signal device (7, 10) is placed on a top side of the structure. 25
  5. Construction (1) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the signal device (7, 10) comprises a milk box lighting device (10) for illuminating at least a part of the milk box (2).
  6. Construction (1) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the device comprises a head lighting device (11) which is adapted to increase the light intensity around the head, in particular the eyes of a milk box (2) located in the milk box (2). dairy animal (20). 1 03 58 48
  7. A structure (1) according to claims 5 and 6, wherein the signal device (7, 10) is adapted to switch on the milking box lighting device (10) if no dairy animal (20) is present in the milking box (2), and the head lighting device (11) to be switched on if a dairy animal is present in the milk box. 5
  8. A construction (1) according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the construction comprises darkening means (12) for at least partially shielding the milk box from ambient light.
  9. A structure (1) according to any of claims 6-8, wherein the head lighting device (11) comprises a lamp fixture (12) which is arranged to at least partially cover the head of a dairy animal (20) located in the milk box (2) to enclose.
  10. The structure (1) according to any of claims 1-9, wherein the light signal is perceptible in a substantial part of the motion region (A), preferably in more than 50% of the motion region, further preferably in more than 75% of the movement area.
  11. The structure (1) of any one of claims 1-10, wherein the structure is a mobile structure.
  12. 12. Method for luring a dairy animal (20) to a milk box (2) of the construction (1) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by the steps of: - determining the presence of a dairy animal (20) in the milk box (2), and - depending on the presence of a dairy animal in the milk box, issuing a light signal that is perceptible outside the milk box but in the area of movement.
  13. A method according to claim 12, comprising the steps of: - if no dairy animal (20) is present in the milk box (2), at least partially illuminating the milk box as an invitation to enter the milk box, and - if a dairy animal is present is in the milking box, increasing the light intensity around the head of the dairy animal by means of a head lighting device (11).
  14. A method according to claim 13, wherein the step of increasing the light intensity around the head of the dairy animal (20) is performed only if the light intensity of the ambient light is below a certain level. 1 0 3 b 8 4 8
NL1035848A 2008-08-19 2008-08-19 Construction with a milkbox occupy indicator. NL1035848C (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL1035848 2008-08-19
NL1035848A NL1035848C (en) 2008-08-19 2008-08-19 Construction with a milkbox occupy indicator.

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL1035848A NL1035848C (en) 2008-08-19 2008-08-19 Construction with a milkbox occupy indicator.
PCT/NL2009/000157 WO2010021540A1 (en) 2008-08-19 2009-08-12 Construction for automatically milking dairy animals

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
NL1035848C true NL1035848C (en) 2010-03-10

Family

ID=40560175

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
NL1035848A NL1035848C (en) 2008-08-19 2008-08-19 Construction with a milkbox occupy indicator.

Country Status (2)

Country Link
NL (1) NL1035848C (en)
WO (1) WO2010021540A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL2013390B1 (en) 2014-08-29 2016-09-26 Lely Patent Nv System and method for managing dairy animals.

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1172033A2 (en) * 1994-12-28 2002-01-16 Alfa Laval Agri Ab An apparatus for and a method of managing animals
WO2004068940A1 (en) * 2003-02-04 2004-08-19 Delaval Holding Ab Arrangement for housing milking animals
EP1611783A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2006-01-04 Lely Enterprises AG A device for automatically performing an animal related action and a method for this purpose

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3702465C2 (en) * 1987-01-28 1990-12-06 Duevelsdorf & Sohn Gmbh & Co Kg, 2802 Ottersberg, De
NL9200677A (en) * 1992-04-13 1993-11-01 Lely Nv C Van Der Apparatus for automatic milking of animals, such as cows.

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1172033A2 (en) * 1994-12-28 2002-01-16 Alfa Laval Agri Ab An apparatus for and a method of managing animals
WO2004068940A1 (en) * 2003-02-04 2004-08-19 Delaval Holding Ab Arrangement for housing milking animals
EP1611783A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2006-01-04 Lely Enterprises AG A device for automatically performing an animal related action and a method for this purpose

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2010021540A1 (en) 2010-02-25

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9311802B1 (en) Systems and methods for avoiding collisions with mobile hazards
NL1032435C2 (en) Device for automatically milking a dairy animal.
Pluk et al. Automatic measurement of touch and release angles of the fetlock joint for lameness detection in dairy cattle using vision techniques
EP0842600B1 (en) A construction for automatically milking animals
JP3773529B2 (en) Livestock management apparatus and management method
US4805557A (en) Method of and an implement for milking an animal
US4867103A (en) Automatic milking installation
US6227142B1 (en) Apparatus and method for recognizing and determining the position of a part of an animal
DE602004000749T2 (en) Device and method for milking a dairy animal
US5771837A (en) Implement for automatically milking animals
US9706745B2 (en) Vision system for robotic attacher
AU2004311651B2 (en) Method and device for automatically detecting mating of animals
AU710561B2 (en) A method of treating animals, in particular feeding same
EP1520469A1 (en) A fluid-applying device and a method of applying a fluid to a teat of a diary animal
EP2922390B1 (en) A leg spreading device to be mounted in a milking stall
NL1017749C2 (en) Device for automatic milking of animals.
CN101933799B (en) Remote temperature sensing device
CA2288452C (en) A method of establishing the presence of specific substances in milk and an implement for applying same
CA2626286C (en) Arrangement and method for visual detection in a milking system
US8245664B2 (en) Animal monitoring method and apparatus
US8794181B2 (en) System and method for three dimensional teat modeling for use with a milking system
EP1874111B1 (en) Detecting method and arrangement for dairy cattle
EP0320496B2 (en) Device for automatically milking animals
US7690327B2 (en) Milking box expulsion system
US20100282172A1 (en) Teat preparation station and method for teat preparation

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
V1 Lapsed because of non-payment of the annual fee

Effective date: 20130301