KR970032981A - Exhaust gas purification method using plasma cyclone device and apparatus for performing same - Google Patents

Exhaust gas purification method using plasma cyclone device and apparatus for performing same Download PDF

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Publication number
KR970032981A
KR970032981A KR1019950056518A KR19950056518A KR970032981A KR 970032981 A KR970032981 A KR 970032981A KR 1019950056518 A KR1019950056518 A KR 1019950056518A KR 19950056518 A KR19950056518 A KR 19950056518A KR 970032981 A KR970032981 A KR 970032981A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
cyclone
exhaust gas
plasma
voltage
moth
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KR1019950056518A
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Korean (ko)
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KR0166413B1 (en
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김용진
홍원석
이재옥
하병길
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서상기
한국기계연구원
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Priority to KR1019950056518A priority Critical patent/KR0166413B1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/75Multi-step processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D45/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces
    • B01D45/12Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces by centrifugal forces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/24Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by centrifugal force
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/32Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by electrical effects other than those provided for in group B01D61/00
    • B01D53/323Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by electrical effects other than those provided for in group B01D61/00 by electrostatic effects or by high-voltage electric fields
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/08Vortex chamber constructions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C9/00Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks

Abstract

소각로 및 산업용 보일러 등에서 연소시에 배출되는 배기가스에 포함된 미세분진 뿐만 아니라 유해가스도 동시에 제거하는 플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화방법 및 이를 수행하는 장치가 개시된다. 사이클론 장치에 배기가스를 유입받아 코로나 전류를 방전시켜 원심력에 쿨롱력 및 전기유동에 의하여 분진을 제거하며, 고전압 및 고온상태에서 상기 배기가스를 플라즈마 형태로 변형시킨다. 상기 플라즈마에 고전압 및 저온의 상태에서 활성 라디칼 상태로 변형시키고, 상기 라디칼을 연쇄적인 방전화학반응시켜 가스상태의 오염물질을 입자상태로 변형시켜 제거한다.Disclosed are an exhaust gas purifying method using a plasma cyclone apparatus which simultaneously removes not only fine dust contained in exhaust gas discharged during combustion in an incinerator and an industrial boiler, but also harmful gases, and an apparatus for performing the same. The exhaust gas is introduced into the cyclone apparatus to discharge the corona current to remove dust by the coulomb force and the electric flow in the centrifugal force, and the exhaust gas is transformed into a plasma form at high voltage and high temperature. The plasma is transformed into active radicals at high voltage and low temperature, and the radicals are subjected to a chain discharge chemical reaction to transform and remove gaseous contaminants into particulates.

Description

플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화방법 및 이를 수행하는 장치Exhaust gas purification method using plasma cyclone device and apparatus for performing same
본 내용은 요부공개 건이므로 전문내용을 수록하지 않았음Since this is an open matter, no full text was included.
제2도는 본 발명의 일실시예에 따른 플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스 정화장치를 설명하기 위한 개략적인 구성도이고;2 is a schematic configuration diagram for explaining an exhaust gas purification apparatus using a plasma cyclone apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
제3도는 제2도에서 도시한 플라즈마 사이클론장치의 일부 상세도이고; 그리고3 is a partial detailed view of the plasma cyclone apparatus shown in FIG. 2; And
제4도는 본 발명에 따른 배기가스정화장치에서 전하의 하전에 따른 집진효율의 증가를 나타내기 위한 그래프이다.4 is a graph showing an increase in the dust collection efficiency according to the charge of the charge in the exhaust gas purifying apparatus according to the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. i) 사이클론 장치로 유입된 배기가스에 고전압을 방전시켜 원심력, 전기유동 및 쿨롱력으로 분진을 제거하는 전처리집진단계; ii) 상기 전처리집진단계를 통과한 배기가스에 고전압 및 고온의 상태에서 상기 배기가스에 포함된 유해물질을 활성 래디칼 상태로 변형시키는 플라즈마생성단계; iii) 상기 플라즈마생성단계를 통과한 배기가스에 펄스간격이 짧은 고전압을 인가하여, 저온 상태에서 전자의 가속에너지를 증가시켜 배기가스에 포함된 유해물질을 활성 라디칼상태로의 변형을 촉진시킴과 동시에, 상기 활성라디칼을 이용한 연쇄 방전화학반응에 의하여 가스상태의 오염물질을 고체의 분진입자로 변형시키는 플라즈마화학처리단계로 이루어진 플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화방법.i) a pre-processing dust collecting step of removing dust by centrifugal force, electric flow and coulomb force by discharging high voltage to the exhaust gas introduced into the cyclone apparatus; ii) a plasma generation step of transforming harmful substances contained in the exhaust gas into an active radical state in a state of high voltage and high temperature in the exhaust gas passing through the pretreatment dust collecting step; iii) By applying a high voltage with a short pulse interval to the exhaust gas passing through the plasma generation step to increase the acceleration energy of electrons at low temperature to promote the transformation of harmful substances contained in the exhaust gas into the active radical state And a plasma chemical treatment step of converting a gaseous pollutant into solid dust particles by a chain discharge chemical reaction using the active radicals.
  2. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 플라즈마생성단계 및 플라즈마화학처리단계에서 인가되는 고전압의 펄스폭은 100~500ns인 것을 특징으로 하는 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화벙법.The method of claim 1, wherein the pulse width of the high voltage applied in the plasma generation step and the plasma chemical treatment step is 100 ~ 500ns.
  3. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 플라즈마생성단계 및 플라즈마화학처리단계에서 인가되는 고전압의 주파수는 500Hz미만인 것을 특징으로 하는 플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화벙법.The method of claim 1, wherein the frequency of the high voltage applied in the plasma generation step and the plasma chemical treatment step is less than 500 Hz.
  4. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 플라즈마생성단계 및 플라즈마화학처리단계에서 인가되는 고전압은 20~100ns의 증가시간을 지니고 있는 것을 특징으로 하는 플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화벙법.The exhaust gas purification method using a plasma cyclone apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the high voltage applied in the plasma generation step and the plasma chemical treatment step has an increase time of 20 to 100 ns.
  5. 연료를 연소하는 소각로(10)와 제2유로(11)를 통하여 연결되어 배기가스르 유입받는 제1사이클론장치(20); 상기 제1사이클론장치(20)와 제2유로(21)를 통하여 연결되어 상기 제1사이클론장치(20)에서 배출된 가스를 유입받는 제2사이클론장치(30); 상기 제2유료(21)내에 다수의 지지대(21A, 21B)에 의하여 지지되며, 상기 제2사이클론장치(30)의 내부로 소정길이 돌출되어 설치되고, 고전압을 인가받아 방전하는 코로나방전극(31C); 상기 제1사이클론장치(20)내의 코로나방전극(21C) 및 제2사이클론장치(30)내의 코로나방전극(31C)에 고전압을 인가하는 고전압공급장치(40); 그리고 상기 제2사이클론장치(30)에서 배출된 가스를 제3유로(31)를 통하여 유입받아 굴뚝(60)을 통하여 배출시키는 흡입팬(50)으로 이루어진 플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화장치.A first cyclone apparatus 20 connected through an incinerator 10 for burning fuel and a second passage 11 to receive exhaust gas; A second cyclone device 30 connected to the first cyclone device 20 and the second flow path 21 to receive gas discharged from the first cyclone device 20; Coron moth electrodes 31C, which are supported by a plurality of supports 21A and 21B in the second oil 21, protrude a predetermined length into the second cyclone device 30, and are discharged by applying a high voltage. ; A high voltage supply device (40) for applying a high voltage to the corona moth electrode (21C) in the first cyclone device (20) and the corona moth electrode (31C) in the second cyclone device (30); And the exhaust gas purifying apparatus using a plasma cyclone device consisting of a suction fan 50 for receiving the gas discharged from the second cyclone device 30 through the third flow path 31 and discharged through the chimney 60.
  6. 제5항에 있어서, 상기 코로나방전극(21C, 31C)는 원형 형태의 와이언인 것을 특징으로 하는 플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화장치.6. The exhaust gas purifying apparatus using the plasma cyclone apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the coronal moth electrodes (21C, 31C) are circular Wyons.
  7. 제5항에 있어서, 상기 제2유로(21)의 내부에 청정공기와 오염공기를 분리하는 분리벽(23)을 추가하는 것을 특징으로 하는 플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화장치.6. The exhaust gas purifying apparatus according to claim 5, wherein a separation wall (23) for separating clean air and polluted air is added to the second passage (21).
  8. 제5항에 있어서, 상기 제2유로(21)의 전위는 영준위인 것을 특징으로 하는 플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화장치.The exhaust gas purifying apparatus using the plasma cyclone apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the potential of the second passage (21) is zero.
  9. 제5항에 있어서, 상기 제2사이클론장치(30)와 상기 흡입팬(50) 사이에 적어도 하나 이상의 사이클론장치를 추가로 설치하는 것을 특징으로 하는 플라즈마 사이클론장치를 이용한 배기가스정화장치.The exhaust gas purifying apparatus using the plasma cyclone apparatus according to claim 5, wherein at least one cyclone apparatus is further provided between the second cyclone apparatus and the suction fan.
    ※ 참고사항 : 최초출원 내용에 의하여 공개하는 것임.※ Note: The disclosure is based on the initial application.
KR1019950056518A 1995-12-26 1995-12-26 Process for exhaust gas purification using a plasma cyclone and system for performing the process KR0166413B1 (en)

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KR1019950056518A KR0166413B1 (en) 1995-12-26 1995-12-26 Process for exhaust gas purification using a plasma cyclone and system for performing the process

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20020023322A (en) * 2002-01-16 2002-03-28 정동규 Electric charged cyclone bagfilter dust collector
KR100761279B1 (en) * 2006-04-24 2007-10-04 엘지전자 주식회사 Air cleaner
KR20200139306A (en) 2019-06-03 2020-12-14 한국기계연구원 Centrifugal separation type dust collecting apparatus having cleaning function

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100344754B1 (en) * 2000-01-03 2002-07-20 한국기계연구원 A cyclone dust collector of an electrostatic core-separating type
KR100344756B1 (en) * 2000-01-05 2002-07-20 한국기계연구원 Dust collecting apparatus
KR100375423B1 (en) * 2000-09-27 2003-03-15 홍용철 Plasma device for removing exhaust gas from diesel engine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20020023322A (en) * 2002-01-16 2002-03-28 정동규 Electric charged cyclone bagfilter dust collector
KR100761279B1 (en) * 2006-04-24 2007-10-04 엘지전자 주식회사 Air cleaner
KR20200139306A (en) 2019-06-03 2020-12-14 한국기계연구원 Centrifugal separation type dust collecting apparatus having cleaning function

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